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REGIMENTAL RECORDS 

OF THE 

ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



REGIMENTAL RECORDS 



OF THE 



Royal Welch Fusiliers 

(23rd FOOT) 



COMPILED BY 

MAJOR C. H. DUDLEY WARD, D.S.O., M.C. 

(late welsh guards) 



VOL. IV 
1915—1918 

TURKEY— BULGARIA— AUSTRIA 



LONDON 

FORSTER GROOM i^ CO. LTD. 

15 CHARING CROSS, S.W.l 

1929 



CONTENTS 



FALLAHIYA, 5TH 



PART I 
THE WAR WITH TURKEY 

GALLIPOLI ...... 

THE LANDING AT HELLES 

SUVLA BAY ..... 

THE 5TH, 6th, and 7TH BATTALIONS 
EVACUATION .... 

MESOPOTAMIA ..... 

RELIEF OF KUT ! THIRD ATTEMPT. ACTION OF 

APRIL I916 . 
FIRST ATTACK ON SANNAIYAT, 6tH APRIL 
SECOND ATTACK ON SANNAIYAT, QTH APRIL 
ACTION OF BAIT ISA, 17TH-18TH APRIL . 
THE MARCH TO THE HAI 

THE ATTEMPT TO CROSS THE TIGRIS ABOVE KUT 
THE BATTLE OF KUT, I917 . 

CAPTURE OF THE KHUDHAIRA BEND, 9TH-I9TH JANUARY 
CAPTURE OF THE HAI SALIENT, 25TH JANUARY-5TH FEBRUARY 
CAPTURE OF THE DAHRA BEND, 9TH-16TH FEBRUARY 

CAPTURE OF SANNAIYAT, AND THE PASSAGE OF THE SHUMRAN 
BEND ......... 

THE PURSUIT TO BAGHDAD, 25TH FEBRUARY-IOTH MARCH 

PASSAGE OF THE DIYALA 

AFFAIR OF DELLI ABBAS 

AFFAIR ON THE NAHR KHALIS CANAL 

AFFAIR ON THE SHATT AL ADHAIM 

SITUATION, SUMMER I917 



FACE 

9 
12 

22 
34 

42 

50 

57 
61 
61 

^?> 
67 
68 
69 
70 
70 
77 

79 
80 

83 
86 
86 
90 
92 



V CONTENTS 

MESOPOTAMIA {continued) 

SECOND ACTION OF JABAL HAMRIN .... 

THE EFFECT OF SIR E. ALLENBy's OPERATIONS 

THIRD ACTION OF THE JABAL HAMRIN .... 

THE EFFECT OF OPERATIONS IN OTHER THEATRES OF WAR 
ACTION OF TUZ KHURMATLI ...... 

THE ADVANCE ON MOSUL ...... 

PALESTINE .......... 

THE SITUATION . . . . . . . 

REORGANISATION IN EGYPT ...... 

THE BATTLE OF ROMANI ...... 

YEOMANRY DISMOUNTED. THE 24TH AND 25TH BATTALIONS 
THE 2ND (garrison) BATTALION ..... 

THE 6th (garrison) BATTALION ..... 

across the desert ....... 

THE FIRST OFFENSIVE. FIRST BATTLE OF GAZA 

SECOND BATTLE OF GAZA ...... 

THE SECOND OFFENSIVE. THIRD BATTLE OF GAZA 

THE CAPTURE OF BEERSHEBA ..... 

PURSUIT OF THE TURKS ...... 

THE AFFAIR AT BEIT UR ET FOQA ..... 

CAPTURE OF JERUSALEM ...... 

DEFENCE OF JERUSALEM ...... 

ACTIONS OF TELL ASUR ...... 

THE BATTLE OF NABLUS ...... 

PART II 
THE WAR WITH BULGARIA 

SALONIKA .... 
THE IITH BATTALION 
DOIRAN OPERATIONS, I916 
ACTION OF MACUKOVO . 
SITUATION, AUTUMN I916 
RAID ON THE MITRAILLEUSES 



94 

95 
97 

[OO 
[OO 

[05 
[08 
[09 
13 
15 
17 
19 

20 
20 

21 

35 
[43 
49 
60 
62 
64 
69 
74 
82 



193 
194 
199 
201 
206 
208 



CONTENTS 

BATTLE OF DOIRAN, I917 

RAID ON 02, 6th may I918 

BATTLE OF DOIRAN, I918 

THE PURSUIT TO THE STRUMITZA VALLEY 

PART III 
THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA 



ITALY 



RAIDS ON THE ASIAGO PLATEAU 
THE BATTLE OF VITTORIO VENETO 
PASSAGE OF THE PIAVE . 
THE PURSUIT 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 



APPENDICES 

I. SUCCESSION OF COLONELS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 
II. THE CAMPAIGN IN THE CAMEROONS . 

III. NOTE TO THE ATTACK ON THE BEAUREVOIR LINE 

IV. THE WELSH HORSE . 
V. " PALS " BATTALIONS 



VI. HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE V. AND 
PRINCE OF WALES 

VII. THE ALBERT MEDAL 

VIII. ROLL OF HONOUR (OFFICERS) . 

ROLL OF HONOUR (rANK AND FILe) 

IX. REGIMENTAL GOATS . 

X. THE FLASH 

XI. BADGES . 

XII. THE WAR MEMORIAL 

XIII. COMMANDING OFFICERS 

XIV. 1ST GARRISON BATTALION 

XV. BATTALION ESTABLISHMENT (wAr) 
XVI. BATTLE HONOURS 

INDEX ..... 



HIS 



ROYAL HIGHNESS THE 



Vll 

PAGE 
2 12 

215 

217 

225 




255 



275 
278 
281 
282 
284 



. 285 

. 286 

. 287 

• 293 

• 397 
. 397 
. 398 
. 398 
. 401 

• 403 
. 404 
. 406 
.-// end 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



PRESENTATION OF COLOURS TO SERVICE BATTALIONS 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL C. H. M. DOUGHTY-WYLIE 

A FRINGE OF BEACH PROTECTED FROM SHELL-FIRE 

GABA TEPE ..... 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL B. E. PHILIPS 
SUVLA BAY .... 

OCEAN BEACH, NORTH OF ANZAC COVE 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL A. HAY 

TYPICAL BATTLEFIELD . 

ARTILLERY OBSERVATION POST 

CORPORAL J. COLLINS, V.C. . 

THE BROKEN COUNTRY SOUTH-EAST OF GAZA 

AIN SINAI ON THE LEFT AND YEBRUD ON THE RIGHT 

TYPICAL COUNTRY ON THE BALKAN FRONT 

DOIRAN ...... 

MONTE CAVALETTO, ASIAGO PLATEAU 
TRENCHES ON THE BANK OF THE PIAVE . 
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR FRANCIS LLOYD 
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR CHARLES DOBELL 
BRIGADIER-GENERAL A. W. G. LOWRY-COLE 
BREVET LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HUGH HILL 
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL FRANCE HAYHURST 



Frontispiece 

FACING PAGE 

i6 
32 

32 
38 
48 
48 
76 
90 
90 

154 
160 
160 
224 
224 
240 
240 
27s 
278 
288 
292 
384 



LIST OF MAPS 



TURKISH EMPIRE .... 

GALLIPOLI : 

THE PENINSULA .... 

SARI BAIR ..... 

SUVLA BAY ..... 
MESOPOTAMIA I 

FALLAHIYA DEFENCES . 

ARMY DISPOSITIONS, NOVEMBER I916 

SITUATIONS BEFORE KUT 

KUT (south of Tigris). 

SHUMRAN TO BAWI 
FALL OF BAGHDAD 

ARMY DISPOSITIONS ABOUT BAGHDAD 
AFFAIR ON THE KHALIS CANAL 
AFFAIR ON THE SHATT AL ADHAIM 
JABAL HAMRIN 
TUZ KHURMATLI 
PALESTINE : 

SINAI DESERT 
GAZA (iST battle) 
GAZA (2ND battle) 
GAZA (3RD battle) 
JERUSALEM (gENERAL) 

tell azur area 
samieh basin 
final advance 



13 

29 

37 

59 

66 
68 

73 
81 

83 
85 
88 

91 
99 

103 

no 
129 
139 
159 
171 
179 
185 
188 



xii LIST OF MAPS 

SALONIKA : PAOB 

MACUKOVO AREA ......... 205 

DOIRAN AREA ......... 223 

ITALY ; 

THE FRONTIER ......... 232 

THE RAID FROM THE VAISTER SPUR ..... 237 

THE PIAVE CROSSING ......... 245 

FINAL ADVANCE . . . . . . . . . 25O 

DIVISIONAL SIGNS USED ON MAPS 




ZthDIVN 




ZZndBlVn 







\)\h DIVN 



5)rd DM 




74* mm. 



NOTE BY THE REGIMENTAL HISTORY 

COMMITTEE 

With the publication of the present volume the work of enlarging and 
bringing up to date Regimental Records of the Royal Welch Fusiliers is 
completed. 

The Committee avail themselves of this opportunity of tendering their 
sincere thanks to all those who, by various means and in different ways, 
have assisted in the compilation of the work. In particular they wish to 
place on record their high appreciation of the fine example of esprit de corps 
shown by Mr. Clancy (Bandmaster), the non-commissioned officers, and 
men of the Band of the 2nd Battalion, who, when stationed at home in 
1923, gave their services free, during a tour through the Regimental District. 
The Committee feel sure that this spontaneous action on the part of the 
Band will be fully appreciated by all " Royal Welchmen." They further 
wish to convey their thanks to Lieutenant-Colonel C. C. Norman, C.M.G., 
D.S.O. (then commanding the 2nd Battalion), Lieutenant-Colonel J. R. 
Minshull-Ford, D.S.O., M.C. (Band President), and the officers at the 
various centres in North Wales where concerts were given, for their work in 
organising and arranging the entertainments, etc., which resulted in the tour 
proving so great a financial success. 

Charles Dobell, Lieutenant-General, President. 
G. F. Barttelot, Major, Hon. Treasurer. 



AGENDA TO VOL. II 

CAPTAIN ROBERT BARCLAY 

The details of one of Captain Barclay's extraordinary walking records were published in 
the Daily Telegraph of 6th April 1929. 

" The Captain rose at five one morning in 1808 and walked thirty miles grouse- 
shooting. He dined at five p.m., and walked sixty miles to his house at Ury in eleven 
hours. Then, after attending to business, he walked sixteen miles to a dance, returned 
home by seven a.m., and passed the day partridge-shooting. After dinner he confessed 
to some sHght fatigue, and went to bed, having walked 130 miles, without sleep, in two 
nights and three days. Even Squire Osbaldeston admitted that Barclay was a 
' stunner.' His example set scores of sportsmen of all ranks of society walking for 
wagers, and almost always on the hard high-roads." (See Vol. H, p. 385.) 

"BILLY" DUFF AND "THE RAG" 

It is of interest to note in connection with Captain " Billy " Duff of the regiment that he 
was the originator of the nickname of the Army and Navy Club, viz. " the Rag." 

The Club, of which he was a member, was opened early in 1838, and " Billy " was 
at this time both the terror and the amusement of London. His museum contained a 
very heterogeneous collection of articles curiously and sportively acquired, from the 
shirt -pins of his personal friends to the door-knockers and area bells of the London 
householder. 

It may well be supposed that there were few night haunts in London which were 
unknown to him. In The Autobiography of Baron Nicholson, the presiding genius of the 
" Cole Hole," the " Cider Cellar," and in later days of " Judge and Jury " in Leicester 
Square, " Billy " Duff is mentioned more than once. In the same volume it is recorded 
how a certain well-known gambler, who had lost his all at Crockford's and other gambling 
resorts, had disappeared from the scenes, but had since been found playing coppers " at 
a place not inappropriately designed the ' Rag and Famish ' in a turning out of Cran- 
bourn Alley, Leicester Square." 

We may be sure that " Billy " knew of this place and its character. Now, it 
happened that " Billy " entered the Army and Navy Club late one evening, and called 
for supper. The bill of fare proved to be so meagre that he angrily declared that " it 
was a rag and famish affair " : doubtless comparing the resources of the Army and Navy 
Club with those of the least reputable establishment within the bounds of his experience. 
An admiring following considered the comparison highly humorous, and " Billy " was 
credited with a hon mot. 



AGENDA TO VOL. II xv 

The title was facetiously adopted as a nickname, the sobriquet caught on, and both 
inside and outside the Club has been known ever since by the title of " the Rag." 

Captain Duff himself was so pleased with the success attending his comment that he 
proceeded to design the Club button. An original specimen of the button is preserved on 
the mantelpiece of the smoking-room. The button was at one time worn by many 
members of the Club on evening dress. 

JOHN O'HARA 

John O'Hara joined the 95th Foot on the 21st September 1872, and transferred to the 
regiment in January 1874 in the hope of getting out to Ashanti, But he was sent to the 
depot and joined the 2nd Battalion at Gibraltar at the end of the year. 

In June 1876, because of permanent financial stress, he threw up his commission 
in the regiment and became a matador in the Spanish bull-ring. 

His first appearance took place at Algeciras, and was largely advertised all over 
the country by posters reading : " Appearance of an English officer of enormous wealth 
Juan O'Hara," etc. 

He followed his new profession for some time, but the flamboyant character of the 
advertisements and posters that always heralded his appearance eventually excited the 
jealous}' of his Spanish confreres, with the result that one day they failed to play the 
game and back him up — he was injured and gave up the bull-ring. 

Returning to England, he enlisted in the Cavalry, and eventually became Sergeant 
Instructor of Gymnasia — he was always a fine g^Tnnast, 

Subsequently he went to the Cape, and joined the Cape Mounted Rifles. Finally, 
he was killed while skylarking on a train between Dover and London. WTiile the train 
was in motion, he climbed on to the roof of the carriage and came in contact with a 
bridge under which the train was passing. 



ERRATA 

VOL. Ill 

page xi : Lance-Corporal H. Weale, ftot Weald. 

page 31, line 8 : and Welsh Horse, not {Welsh Horse). 

page 59. line 38 : Wynne Edwards, not Wynne Williams. 

page 60, line 18 : Clegg-Hill, not Glegg. 

page 61, line 11 : Wynne Edwards, not Wynne Williams. 

page 62, line 5 : 2nd Battalion, not 11th. 

page 97, line 34 : W. B. Garnett, not W. G. 

page 114, footnote 2, and page 129, line i : Major A. K. Richardson, not Lieutenant 

A. K. Richardson. 
page 135, line 11 : Picantin, not Picartin. 

page 160, line 38 : The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) , not Queen's West Rents. 
page 161, line 3 : Bourdois, not Boordois. 

page 162, line 9, and page 163, lines 7 and 34 : Dolling, not Boilings. 
page 163, line 35 : delete Hopkin. 
page 164, line 28 : right, not left. 
page 175, line 31 : Hollingbery, not HoUingberg. 
page 175, line 37 : Dolling, not Boilings. 
page 213, line 12 : Fouquereuil, not Fouguereuil. 
page 233, line 22 : Dolling, not Boilings. 
page 246, line 29 : 800, not 300. 
page 250, line 19 : N. H. Radford, not W. H. 
page 251, hne 36, and page 252, line 2 : Dealing, not Beeling. 
page 280, line 24 : Kirkby, not Kirkley. 
page 281, footnote, last line : untended, not intended. 
page 289, lines i and 14 : Gittens, not Gitters. 
page 304, line 8 : 22nd Brigade, not igth. 
page 337, line 26 : Coudikerke, not Condikerke. 
page 345, line 36 : Siddall, not Liddall. 
page 361, line 30 : Longuenesse, not Lonhuesse. 
page 384, line 14 : Erie, not Eric. 
page 389, line 27 : ground, not mist. 
page 441, line 13 : N. H. Radford, not M. Radford. 
page 466, line 30 : Ainge, not Ainger. 
page 467, footnote, line 4 : E. A. Christofferson, U.S. Army, not Christopher son. 

INDEX 

Insert : Greaves, E, J., Capt., 191 ; wounded, 219 ; 464. 

Delete above pages from Greaves, R. 

Insert : Morgan, G. P., death, 218. 

Delete : death, 218, under Morgan, C. D. 

Corpl. J, L. Davies, pp. 329-330 omitted. 

Delete M. Radford, insert N. H. Radford. 

Delete W. from W. H. Radford, insert N. 



PART I 

THE WAR WITH TURKEY 



IV — I 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY 

There was a sharp division of opinion amongst military and civil leaders 
as to the value of what were called " side-shows." The argument on the 
one side was that the enemy's main armies could only be found and defeated 
on the Western Front (France and Flanders) ; on the other side it was 
contended that as the static war on the Western Front robbed commanders 
of all power of manoeuvre, a flank must be found and turned elsewhere. 
Those who favoured " side-shows " would have received greater support 
had it not been for the disastrous expedition to Gallipoli : the reaction 
was very strong. 

Three of the " side-shows " in which the regiment was concerned 
come under the heading of " War with Turkey." The moment Turkey 
entered the War, the weakness of the Allied Powers — our own great 
sprawling commonwealth of nations — became apparent. Sea-power alone, 
absolute to the extermination of all enemy craft, still left portions of 
the British Commonwealth vulnerable, and the initiative of extending 
the battle-line lay with the Central Powers : the " side-show " was 
inevitable. 

In theory Egypt was a province of the Turkish Empire 1 And 
Mesopotamia marched on a storm-centre which successive Indian Govern- 
ments had watched with anxiety for many years. Also millions of British 
Mohammedans looked on the Sultan of Turkey as their religious head. 
Egypt leapt at once into the position of a danger-spot. The danger in 
Mesopotamia was not so immediate, and was more in the nature of intrigue 
and propaganda ; but difficult though it was, military adventure was 
possible, and in course of time probable. 

We were committed, without alternative, to a war with Turkey, 
• and the operations against the Ottoman Empire constitute the important 
' side-shows." 

Although the Balkan War of 191 2-1 3 had led to defeat, the Turkish 
Army was considerable. For years German advisers had been employed 
in Turkey ; von der Goltz, who died in Baghdad during the Mesopotamian 
campaign, had been in Turkish service for over twenty years. In 191 3 
new blood, in the form of a Military Mission, headed by Liman von Sanders, 

3 



4 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

sought to reorganise and train the Turkish Army. The guiding principle 
ruHng the activities of the mission " was one of moderate mihtary assistance 
to Turkey. During peace it comprised the reorganisation of the Army. 
During war it led to a limited augmentation of the German officers and 
to the assignment of several German formations for the Sinai front, and 
of some batteries, flying detachments, and auto-trucks to other fronts, 
and to assistance with money and war material " (Liman von Sanders). 
As the War progressed, this principle was lost sight of. 

At the outbreak of war the Turkish standing army was between i 50,000 
and 200,000 strong (the Turkish Staff is uncertain), and during the War 
the Army attained the high figure of 2,850,000. 

A total of 36 infantry divisions was increased to 70, but that figure 
only refers to numbering, as they never had a simultaneous existence. 

The distribution before the War was in four army areas : 

(i) Constantinople, Thrace, Western Asia Minor, and Anatolia : I, II, 
III, IV, and V Army Corps. 

(2) Kurdistan : IX, X, XI Army Corps. 

(Each of the above Corps consisted of a cavalry brigade and 
three infantry divisions.) 

(3) Syria and Cilicia : VI and VIII Army Corps. 

(4) Mesopotamia : XII and XIII Army Corps. 

(The above had only two infantry divisions, and the XIII 
Corps only one cavalry regiment.) 
Also : 

Yemen : VII Army Corps (two divisions), 
Asir : 21st Division, 
Hejaz : 22nd Division. 

Each infantry division should have had one field-gun regiment of 
two or three battalions, each of three four-gun batteries, and one howitzer 
battalion of three six-gun batteries of field and heavy howitzers ; but the 
Turks had lost most of their artillery in the Balkan War and had not made 
up the deficiency in full. 

War dispositions placed the First Army in Constantinople, Thrace, 
Dardanelles, and Panderma — five Corps at first and then the VI Corps 
was gradually moved from Aleppo to San Stefano — and gave command to 
Liman von Sanders. The Second Army was placed on the Asiatic side of 
the Straits, consisted of two corps, and command was given to Djemal. 
The Third Army was concentrated about Erzerum. 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY S 

Liman von Sanders points out that during the war Turkey " nominally 
organised nine armies, which was contrary to good sense," as some of them 
consisted of complete Staffs and practically no troops. 

The regiment was represented, in the war with Turkey, on each of the 
widely separated fronts attacked by the British Empire. The conditions 
under which these campaigns were fought differ widely from those on the 
Western Front. Occasionally similar trench warfare prevailed, but even 
so there was generally an open flank : the more usual condition when 
armies faced each other w^as that of defended localities and a wide neutral 
zone, or " No Man's Land," which favoured the small enterprise. The 
other outstanding features are that the artillery battle never reached the 
intensity of that on the Western Front, and that climatic conditions caused 
heavy casualties through disease, and on account of excessive heat called 
for a greater physical effort from our troops. 

Battle casualties show that the 74th Division (our 24th and 25th 
Battalions) had more casualties in one battle on the Western Front than 
during their entire Palestine service, which included the third Battle of 
Gaza, the capture and the defence of Jerusalem, and the action of Tell 
Asur, all hardly fought engagements. 

A comparison of casualties in all theatres of w^ar that concern the 
regiment shows : 



France 


. 55*99 per cent., 


or 


5 


to 


every 9 sent out 


Dardanelles 


. 22-83 „ 




2 






9 


Mesopotamia 


• 1579 




2 






I2| ,, 


Salonika 


8-6o 




I 






12 ,, 


Egypt 


. 6-53 




I 






15 


Italy 


. 476 




I 






21 „ 



The greater casualties on the Western Front caused those who served 
there to look on the task of soldiers on other fronts as easy. It was not. 
On the other hand, the failure of the Gallipoli venture has vested that 
campaign with superlative battle horrors. Artillery fire at Gallipoli 
never approached that on the Western Front — the enemy had not the guns 
or the ammunition — but troops were never out of artillery range. The 
truth is that the horror was psychical rather than physical — an enervating 
climate and a sense of failure undermined moral by debility ; but a state 
of mind and soul does not make the horror less or the soldiers' task easier. 

Climatic and physical conditions must be included in the picture of 
every action and in every phase of the soldier's life. Dysentery was an 



6 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

enemy in Gallipoli, Mesopotamia, and Palestine ; jaundice and influenza, 
malarial fever, and the lesser but painful evil of septic sores were every- 
where ; and there were extremes of heat and cold, of drought and flood. 

The Turk himself has always been recognised as a stout-hearted 
soldier, and under German direction he accomplished some notable feats 
of arms. Fortunately for us, his fighting qualities were dissipated by 
undecided and swiftly changing ideas of war direction, more astonishing 
than our own changes of policy. Enver Pasha was a restless-minded 
leader with mercurial enthusiasm which led him into sacrificing the Third 
Turkish Army in operations against the Russians in the frozen and snow- 
covered Caucasus during the first winter of the War. Von Sanders quotes 
Turkish figures stating that of 90,000 men who started on this mid-winter 
enterprise, only 12,000 returned ; " the others were killed, captured, died 
of hunger, or froze to death while camping in the snow without tents." 
The remnant was further decimated by spotted fever. 

Russia, heavily engaged on her German and Austrian frontiers, was 
frequently hard-pressed by the Turks ; but until her collapse in 191 7 she 
held to our advantage a great number of Turks in the Caucasus. 

We were slow in moving against the Turk — unable to do so at first — 
but Turks and Germans were eager for a swift descent on Egypt, and 
simultaneous preparations for that important operation and the Caucasian 
adventure were hurried forward. A holy war was declared in the hope 
of undermining the loj^alty of British Mohammedans ; and German 
" military special missions " were dispatched to Afghanistan, to Persia, 
and to Mesopotamia. 

The Turkish advance across the Sinai Desert was a well-planned and 
splendidly executed raid — no more. " Egypt cannot be taken by 16,000 
Turkish troops," is the dry comment of von Sanders. 

And then, before the Turks were prepared for further offensive action, 
we attacked them ! 

We engaged a great number of Turks on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The 
Fifth Turkish Army lost in this campaign no less than 218,000 men, of 
whom only 42,000 returned to duty. Although we failed in our local 
intention, in our war against Turkey the greatest blow we dealt her was 
on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The regiment was represented here by four 
battalions. 

After the evacuation of Gallipoli we found ourselves arrayed against 
the Turk at two of the most distant points of the Ottoman Empire, and 
we were forced to undertake constructive work on a vast scale before an 
advance could be made. The regiment had five battalions in the advance 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY 7 

into Palestine and one in Mesopotamia. The great distance which lay, 
in each case, between the fighting line and the heart of the Ottoman 
Empire seemed to give those who disapproved of " side-shows " the 
impression that it was useless to expect any action on either front to have 
a decisive effect on the War. In both cases commanders were frequently 
reminded by the Imperial General Staff that their primary object was to 
protect our interests and remain on the defensive, and, indeed, if our 




On the \g*y Oci.iQ]S, with the 

bulk of the fighting fbrccs of the 

Ottoman Empirt about The 

Danlanetks, Gjnstantinople, 

and western Analdia the 

Staff consicknd thai a landing 

at .Al^xandJEtta u'ould 

cffectiudy ptotea E§ypt 

and haxf 6r- reaching q^^ 

results in Mesopotamia 

but u'ould require too Oreat a 

ftnre. £$ypt was hcst 

dcknded from the Smz . i$qvipt 

(anal. If no landing was ^c''' 

iradf at Alcxandretta it would \^ 

be ununse to occupy Baghdad, ^ 

unlh the tnlenlton of holding it, \ 

whidi.withthe fbrasal 5ir J.Nijon'S 

disposal, could net be don« . 

Th/ Staff imislid "that 
under no drami5iancei must troops wfadi mioht olhmwse be 
emptoyed inlwvpt be davaud ftom&m primary Iheafle of 
war for the purpose ofcondurtTng a campaign which 
cannot appndabh) influence the dedsion as between ^ 
armies of the JMliedandfliose offte Central ftwers . 



Disttnbutton of tii£ Turkish Ajttuj 

GaUipoU 

Thrace 

T!i7cstemAnatolia 

Konia,5myma, 1 

Adana &, Black 5caJ 

Syria &Paksfin4 

Caucsisus 

Mesopotamia 

H^,Astr&Aden 



1^,000 
150,000 

75,000 

so.ooo 

47.000 

145,000 

9,000 

zs.ooo 



ScjcdU 



5»* 



primary object had been to strike a vital blow at the Turk, we could not 
have selected worse places from which to deliver it. Of several alternative 
proposals that cropped up, a landing at Alexandretta was most discussed. 
But the procrastination of the Turk, who did not finish the Taurus Tunnel 
until the end of the War, left him, although unmolested, in continual 
difficulties at this junction of his lines of communication, which seemed 
such a tempting point to attack. 

In spite of all our difficulties, the simultaneous advance in Palestine 



8 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

and Mesopotamia finally commenced to scratch at Turkish vitals. They 
were shaken by the loss of Baghdad, which to them was a far more serious 
blow than the loss of Jerusalem. They determined to retake it ; but 
when their Yilderim Army project reached a practical point, the immediate 
and dangerous threat was clearly seen by their German advisers to be in 
Palestine. By this time the war with Turkey was to all intents a British 
affair. 

The German contention that her armies were never beaten in the 
Western Field is merely academic : Lord Allenby's final battle, in which 
Turkish armies were captured, came as Bulgaria sued for an armistice and 
Austria was at the last gasp. Apart from internal troubles the German 
armies might have stood on the Rhine, but in the World War their flank 
had crumbled and an encircling movement was in progress. In effect the 
Allied Powers were advancing through Turkey, Bulgaria, and Austria ; it 
was a complete and simultaneous collapse on all fronts save the Western 
Front, which, even so, was moving in the swift retreat of German armies. 

At that time the regiment had, outside France and Flanders, three 
battalions fighting the Turks, one the Bulgars, and one the Austrians. 

The regiment first entered the war against Turkey on the Gallipoli 
Peninsula. 



1914 



GALLIPOLI 

At the commencement of the Great War the whole nation " took up " the 
study of iMihtar}' Strategy and Tactics, just as, in times of peace, they were 
persuaded to take a technical interest in the cultivation of sweet peas 
or the nutritive qualities of bread. Military problems were placed before 
an eager public by enterprising publishers rather in the form of " A Child's 
Guide to Knowledge." Mr. Hilaire Belloc, a polished wTiter and keen 
student, with considerable knowledge of military history, explained the 
deadlock into which the Military Commands had fallen at the end of 19 14, 
by reducing the battlefield to the width of a street : if, he said, a trench 
required ten men to hold it, so long as ten men were available it could not 
be forced ; the breaking-point would arrive when only nine men could be 
produced. 

Sir John French, and later on Sir Douglas Haig, and Sir William 
Robertson were convinced that the only way to come to a decision and 
end the War in our favour was " to kill Germans " — the catch-phrase was 
frequently used in Operation Orders — until the situation indicated by Mr. 
Belloc, of nine men in a ten-men trench, was secured ; and, indeed, so long 
as the War was viewed as a struggle in France and Flanders, there was no 
alternative. 

But the situation at the end of 19 14 was truly terrifying, and one 
sweeps aside the petty illustration of ten men in a trench with impatience. 
The Turkish Government had shown early in the War that its interests 
were with the Germanic Powers, but it was not until the 29th October that 
Turkey commenced open hostilities against Russia ; the next day the 
Allied Governments presented an ultimatum, and on the 5th November 
Great Britain and France declared war on Turkey. 

Montenegro had followed Serbia into war. The complicated and 
mysterious policy of the Balkan States opened the door to further war 
combinations. Bulgaria, Rumania, Greece, were all probable combatants 
— potential enemies— possible allies ! In France and Flanders all move- 
ment and manoeuvre were at an end, and a quick decision was out of the 
question — a state of interminable siege had arisen. France and Russia 
were tied down to their own frontiers, but the frontier of Great Britain was 

9 



10 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

still the limits of the sea ! Out of such considerations the idea of an 
expedition to Gallipoli was born. 

The sharp reaction after failure brings a flood of ill-judged criticism, 
enflamed accusations, and bitter condemnation. The immediate objective 
of this enterprise — a free passage to the Black Sea — ^was definite, and if 
successful would present opportunities as great, for example, as the capture 
of Douai, the occupation of Bullecourt or Passchendaele, or an advance 
on the Somme Front to Cambrai. But the evacuation of Gallipoli would 
seem to be more humiliating than getting stuck in the mud in front of 
Le Transloy. 

Unfortunately, the Gallipoli Campaign is open to severe criticism in 
its execution. Its commander. Sir Ian Hamilton, had a difficult problem 
to solve, and his subordinates a difficult task to perform. To be an 
amphibious combatant is all very well, but one must be practised in changing 
from one element to the other, and this manceu\Te was absent from our 
annual training programme. It is true that something of the sort was 
attempted a few years before the War, but the scheme was set to study 
defence, and was of an extremely limited nature, so that any knowledge 
possessed by either staff or regimental officers was of a strictly academic 
kind. Consequently at Gallipoli a state of bewilderment paralysed all 
concerned, when action, one might say movement, in any direction but 
one would have secured important results. As a contrast there were 
examples of high heroism. 

But whatever the excuse offered on behalf of the Army, whatever the 
abuse hurled at the heads of the Government may be, a study of this 
campaign fails to reveal any adequate argument against the decision 
taken to attack the Dardanelles. We have the admission of the enemy 
that we were within an ace of success. Many battles have been lost on a 
small margin — and won ! 

Lord Kitchener stated bluntly that he could give no troops. The 
possibility of the Navy forcing the Dardanelles was not considered fantastic, 
and a fleet was assembled, consisting for the greater part of ships which 
would soon be withdrawn as obsolete. On the i6th February Lord 
Kitchener decided that the 29th Division could be spared, also that troops 
could be sent from Egypt if required (a Turkish attack on the Suez Canal 
had been repulsed on the 3rd and 4th February). A fleet of transports 
was then held at Alexandria. 

The naval attack on the Dardanelles commenced on the 19th February 
under promising arrangements, but these were suddenly destroyed by 
Lord Kitchener on the 20th : pressure from the French theatre of war had, 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI ii 

seemingh", been brought to bear, and he declared that the 29th Division 
could not be spared. The transports at Alexandria were then scattered. 

On the loth March Lord Kitchener again stated that the 29th Division 
could be spared. There were also two Australian divisions in Egypt, and 
a Ro3'^al Naval division under orders for Lemnos. On the 12th March 
General Sir Ian Hamilton was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the 
Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. 

This able commander has given a graphic description of the problem 
presented to him in his first despatch. He left forthwith for the scene of 
operations, and witnessed the repulse of the naval attack on the i8th, 
" and thereupon cabled your Lordship my reluctant deduction that the 
co-operation of the whole of the force under m}^ command would be required 
to enable the Fleet effectively to force the Dardanelles. 

"... The northern coast of the northern half of the promontory 
slopes downwards steeply to the Gulf of Xeros in a chain of hills as far as 
Cape Suvla. The precipitous fall of these hills precludes landing, except 
at a few narrow gullies, far too restricted for any serious military move- 
ments. The southern half of the peninsula is shaped like a badly worn 
boot. The ankle lies between Gaba Tepe and Kalkmaz Dagh ; beneath the 
heel lie the cluster of forts at Kilid Bahr, whilst the toe is that promontory, 
five miles in width, stretching from Tekke Burnu to Sedd el Bahr. 

" The three dominating features in this southern section seemed to 
me to be : 

" (i) Sari Bair Mountain, running up in a succession of almost per- 
pendicular escarpments to 970 feet. The whole mountain seemed to be a 
network of ravines and covered with thick jungle. 

" (2) Kilid Bahr Plateau, which rises, a natural fortification artificially 
fortified, to a height of 700 feet to cover the forts of the Narrows from an 
attack from the ^Egean. 

" (3) Achi Baba, a hill 600 feet in height, dominating at long field- 
gun range what I have described as being the toe of the peninsula. 

"... Generally speaking, the coast is precipitous, and good landing- 
places are few." 

The General then gives the nature and position of the various possible 
landing-places — W, X, Y2, Y, and V, etc. " In most of these landing- 
places the trenches and lines of wire entanglements were plainly visible 
frorrl on board ship. What seemed to be gun emplacements and infantry 
redoubts could also be made out through a telescope, but of the full extent 
of these defences and of the forces available to man them there was no 
possibility of judging except by practical test." 



12 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

After this reconnaissance there was no unnecessary delay. The 
date of the final decision to send troops, after the scattering of transports, 
created a fresh situation, with no happy chance of transport being available 
and fitted for troops ; and on the 23rd April the 29th Division sailed from 
Mudros Harbour to effect a landing on five selected beaches — S, V, W, X 
and Y. "Of these, V, W, and X were to be main landings, the landings at 
S and Y being made mainly to protect the flanks, to disseminate the forces 
of the enemy, and to interrupt the arrival of his reinforcements." 

The Landing at Helles. 

The landing took place early in the morning of the 25th. Four battle- 
ships and four cruisers, with some smaller craft, conveyed the covering 
parties to a point off the coast. " The morning was absolutely still ; there 
was no sign of life on the shore ; a thin veil of mist hung motionless over 
the promontory ; the surface of the sea was as smooth as glass." 

The troops were transferred to small boats, and as it was light enough 
to see, the squadron opened a violent bombardment of the shore. To 
this shattering noise the Turks did not reply, beyond firing a few 
shells from the Asiatic side of the Straits. There was no movement, no 
sign of life. 

The landing at S Beach was successful. The party on Y Beach, 
after suffering severe casualties, were re-embarked on the 26th. The 
landings at W and X Beaches were maintained. 

Sir Ian Hamilton draws a vivid picture of V Beach : 

" V Beach is situated immediately to the west of Sedd el Bahr. 
Between the bluff on which stands Sedd el Bahr village and that which is 
crowned by No. i Fort the ground forms a very regular amphitheatre of 
three or four hundred yards' radius. The slopes down to the beach are 
slightly concave, so that the whole area, contained within the limits of this 
natural amphitheatre, whose grassy terraces rise gently to a height of a 
hundred feet above the shore, can be swept by the fire of a defender. The 
beach itself is a sandy strip some 10 yards wide and 350 yards long, backed 
along almost the whole of its length by a low sandy escarpment about 
4 feet high, where the ground falls nearly sheer down to the beach. The 
slight shelter afforded by this escarpment played no small part in the 
operations of the succeeding thirt3^-two hours. 

" At the south-eastern extremity of the beach, between the shore and 
the village, stands the old fort of Sedd el Bahr, a battered ruin with wide 
breaches in its walls and mounds of fallen masonry within and around it. 
On the ridge to the north, overlooking the amphitheatre, stands a ruined 



1915 



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14 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

barrack. Both of these buildings, as well as No. i Fort, had long been 
bombarded by the Fleet, and the guns of the fort had been put out of action ; 
but their crumbling walls and the ruined outskirts of the village afforded 
cover for riflemen, while from the terraced slopes already described the 
defenders were able to command the open breach, as a stage is overlooked 
from the balconies of a theatre. On the very margin of the beach a strong 
barbed-wire entanglement, made of heavier metal and longer barbs than I 
have ever seen elsewhere, ran right across from the old fort of Sedd el 
Bahr to the foot of the north-western headland. Two-thirds of the way 
up the ridge a second and even stronger entanglement crossed the amphi- 
theatre, passing in front of the old barrack and ending in the outskirts of 
the village. A third transverse entanglement, joining these two, ran up 
the hill near the eastern end of the beach, and almost at right angles to 
it. Above the upper entanglement the ground was scored with the enemy's 
trenches, in one of which four pom-poms were emplaced ; in others were 
dumm}^ pom-poms to draw fire, while the debris of the shattered buildings 
on either flank afforded cover and concealment for a number of machine 
guns, which brought a cross-fire to bear on the ground already swept by 
rifle fire from the ridge." 

A landing on this coast was attempted, and eventually accomplished, 
by grounding the collier River Clyde. The Turks lay in wait, and though 
a few men succeeded in reaching the shore that day, no serious landing 
took place until night fell. It was a dreadful business. " Twenty- four 
hours after the disembarkation began there were ashore on V Beach the 
survivors of the Dublin and Munster Fusiliers and of two companies of the 
Hampshire Regiment." 

At dawn on the 26th the position was, therefore, desperate. The 
landing had taken place, but the casualties from fire and drowning had been 
heavy, and the scattered remnants of units crouched on the beach itself, 
sheltered behind the four-foot bank that had been hollowed out by the 
sea. " With them," says Sir Ian Hamilton, " were two officers of my 
General Staff — Lieutenant-Colonel Doughty- Wylie and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Williams. These two officers, who had landed from the River Clyde, 
had been striving, with conspicuous contempt for danger, to keep all 
their comrades in good heart during this day and night of ceaseless imminent 
peril." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Doughty-Wylie, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and 
Lieutenant Hayland had been detailed in the allotment of General Head- 
quarters for the operations, for intelligence duties. At dawn on the 26th 
no senior regimental officers remained to lead the shaken troops. The 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 15 

following is an account of what happened, written by Captain Guy Nightin- 
gale, I St Munster Fusiliers, from Gallipoli : 

" The first time I saw Colonel Doughty- Wylie was on the morning of 
the 26th April. Senior officers were urgently required at the time, as 
nobody quite knew what was happening or what they were expected to 
do. I had come ashore myself on the previous morning, and had spent 
the night along the edge of the cliff immediately below the old Castle, 
and we were still there when two staff officers were seen coming from the 
River Clyde along the gangway to the shore. 

" They were Colonel Doughty- Wylie and Captain Walford. The 
Colonel took charge of the situation at once, and after collecting together 
the whole force, which consisted of the survivors of the Munster Fusiliers, 
the Dublin Fusiliers, and two companies of the Hampshire Regiment under 
Major Beckwith, he ordered us to charge in one mass into the Castle and 
occupy it. He led the charge himself with the other officers, whom he 
ordered to form up in line in front of their respective regiments. 

" The Castle was occupied finally, and the Turkish snipers found in it 
all bayoneted, with very small loss to us. The only way into Sedd el Bahr 
village lay through the Castle, which had two main entrances for this 
purpose. Each was a stone archway about 1 5 feet in breadth, but covered 
by a deadly fire from machine guns and marksmen hidden in the ruins of 
the village beyond. Anyone attempting to go through, or even walk past 
the gate, was killed instantly, and invariably shot through the head. 

" It was here that Captain Walford, when gallantly leading a part}- 
of men later in the day, was killed, and his grave is now a few yards from 
the spot where he fell. 

" Early in the day Colonel Doughty- Wylie had a very narrow escape 
here also. He w^as passing some distance in rear of the gateway when a 
bullet knocked the staff cap off his head. I happened to be quite close at 
the moment, and remember being struck by the calm way in which he 
treated the incident. He was carrj^ing no weapon of any description at the 
time, only a small cane. 

" When we rushed the Castle for the first time, I saw him pick up 
a rifle wdth a bayonet fixed, but he threw it away immediately after the 
Castle was in our possession. That was the only occasion during the whole 
day on which I saw him armed in any way. 

" From 8 a.m. till noon we were gradually forcing our wa}^ from house 
to house up the village, until finally we held a line at the far end, forming 
up under some garden walls and in a small orchard, waiting for the order to 
assault Hill 141, known now as ' Doughty- Wylie ' Hill. 



i6 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

" At that time there were countless small incidents happening all 
over the village which called for fearless leadership. These occurred 
whenever a house containing snipers had to be rushed, or a street corner, 
covered b}'- a machine gun, passed. It was greatly owing to Colonel 
Doughty- Wy lie's example in taking the leadership whenever a party of 
men was held back or hesitated that the village was secured sufficiently 
early in the day to allow of a bombardment, and the capture of Hill 141 
in the afternoon. 

" I saw him on several occasions that morning walk into houses which 
might or might not contain a Turk ready to fire on the first person who 
came in as unconcernedly as if he were walking into a shop. Naturally 
this confidence of manner had a great effect on the men. While he was 
setting this splendid example, he had by no means lost touch with the 
battleships covering us, and the moment we had reached a point as far up 
the village as was possible, he went away and arranged for a bombardment, 
by the covering ships, of Hill 141 preparatory to an assault. 

" While this was in progress Colonel Doughty- Wylie took me up 
one of the corner turrets of the old Castle, and pointed out to me the w^ay 
he intended to carry out the assault. There was a strong redoubt on 
the top, but he decided that the remnants of the three battalions should 
assault simultaneously immediately after the bombardment. He was 
extraordinarily confident that everything would go w^ell, and the hill be 
won by sunset, and I think it was due much to his spirit of confidence that 
he had been able to overcome the enormous difficulties with only such 
exhausted and disorganised troops as he had to deal with. 

" His sole idea and determination was that the hill should be taken 
that day at all costs ; for he realised that it was impossible for us to hold 
any position between the high ground and the edge of the cliff where we 
had spent the previous night. 

" As the time was getting near for the bombardment to cease, the 
Colonel gave his final orders to the few remaining officers before the assault. 
Major Grimshaw was to lead the Dublins. Simultaneously the Hampshires 
were to assault from the far end of the village and come up on the far 
shoulder of the hill, while the Munster Fusiliers were to advance on the left 
of the Dublins, and at the same time. 

" When the order came to fix bayonets, however, the men scarcely 
waited for any orders, but all joined up together in one mass, and swept 
cheering up through an orchard and over a cemetery, Hampshires, Munsters, 
and Dublins, to the first line of wire entanglement, through which was a 
way out leading past the deserted Turkish trenches to the summit of the 




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16) 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 17 

hill. On the top was a flat space surrounded by a moat 20 feet deep with 
only one entrance leading up over it, through which the assaulting troops 
were led by Colonel Doughty- Wylie and Major Grimshaw. 

" The men lined round the top edge of the moat firing down on the 
retreating Turks, who were retiring down their communication trenches 
in the direction of Achi Baba. 

" It was at this moment that Colonel Doughty- Wylie, who had led 
his men to the last moment, was killed by a shot in the head, dying almost 
immediately on the summit of the hill he had so ably captured. 

" jMajor Grimshaw was killed shortly afterwards under similar circum- 
stances. Colonel Doughty- Wylie was buried that evening by the men of 
my company, and the Burial Service was read over the grave the following 
morning by our Regimental Chaplain, Father Hawker, whom I had 
informed of the whereabouts of the grave. 

" We left the hill that evening and advanced a little, and I was not 
able to get an opportunity of revisiting the scene for some six weeks. 
Later I found the grave in exactly the same place where I had seen him 
fall that day, and to which he had led his men from the moment he stepped 
off the River Clyde some eight hours before. 

" When he took command of them, they were exhausted with the 
strain of the landing and depressed with what they had already experienced ; 
but the last he saw of them was at the moment when these same men 
realised the day was won, and rest close at hand, both of which they knew 
they owed to his gallant leadership." 

Concurrently with this desperate fighting on the toe of the peninsula 
the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps effected a landing north 
of Kaba, or Gaba, Tepe, after a no less arduous and costly battle. The 
description given by Sir Ian Hamilton in his despatch cannot be improved 
— the country rises before one : 

" The beach on which the landing was actually effected is a very narrow 
strip of sand, about 1,000 yards in length, bounded on the north and the 
south by two small promontories. At its southern extremity a deep 
ravine, with exceedingly steep scrub-clad sides, runs inland in a north- 
easterly direction. Near the northern end of the beach a small but steep 
gully runs up into the hills at right angles to the shore. Between the 
ravine and the gully the whole of the beach is backed by the seaward face 
of the spur which forms the north-western side of the ravine. From the 
top of the spur the ground falls almost sheer, except near the southern 
limit of the beach, where gentler slopes give access to the mouth of the 
ravine behind. Farther inland lie in a tangled knot the underfeatiircs of 

IV — 2 



1 8 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

Sari Bair, separated by deep ravines, which take a most confused diversity 
of direction. Sharp spurs, covered with dense scrub, and falhng away in 
man}^ places in precipitous sandy cHffs, radiate from the principal mass of 
the mountain, from which they run north-west, west, south-west, and south 
to the coast." 

A most difficult bit of country. 

A diversion on the Asiatic shore was made by the French, who landed 
a regiment at Kum Kale, took 500 prisoners, and re-embarked on the 
26th. 

On the evening of the 26th the French Corps commenced to land on V 
Beach. 

• •••••• 

The April landing had given Sir Ian Hamilton about 5,000 yards of 
depth, which he tried to improve by five days of heavy fighting, commencing 
on the 6th Ma}'-, The result, a gain of a few hundred j^ards, was dis- 
appointing. Thenceforth the situation changed. The moment lent 
itself to reflection, says Sir Ian, and it was clear that siege warfare had been 
imposed on him by the Turks. Still, another general attack was made on 
the 4th June. 

There had been, then, three main battles : the landing on the 25th 
April, with the subsequent struggle for a foothold ; the three days' battle 
starting on the 6th May ; and the big effort of the 4th June — all on the 
toe of the peninsula and pressing in the direction of Krithia. While, 
north of this main field, isolated on the west coast at Anzac Cove, the 
Australian and New Zealand Army Corps held a small semicircle, no more 
than a thousand yards across, an open door " leading to the vitals of the 
Turkish position," playing a second part to Cape Helles by holding as 
large a body as possible of the enemy in front of them. 

A second change in the situation is marked. 

Sir Ian Hamilton's summary of his position is clear. On the loth 
May, in view of the spectre of trench warfare, he cabled for two fresh 
divisions, and on the 17th he again cabled " that if we were going to be 
left to face Turkey on our own resources, we should require two army corps 
additional to my existing forces. . . . The 5 2nd Lowland Division had been 
sent me, but between their dates of dispatch and arrival Russia had given 
up the idea of co-operating from the coast of the Black Sea. Thereby 
several Turkish divisions were set free for the Dardanelles. . . . During 
the month of June I was promised three regular divisions plus the infantry 
of two Territorial divisions. The advance guard of these troops was 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : GALLIPOLI 19 

due to reach Mudros on the loth July ; by the loth August their concentra- 
tion was to be complete." 

The regiment is concerned in two of these divisions, the 13th and 
53rd. 

• •••••• 

The 8th Battalion was, as its number implies, the first " Service " 
battalion to be raised, and it was posted to the 40th Brigade, 13th Division. 

It has been noted (Vol. Ill) that as the war-years passed there was a 
stead}^ depreciation in the quality of men drawn from the training battalions 
in England. But the first volunteers of the War were the cream of the 
nation, and of such was the 8th Battalion composed. The ph3^sique of 
the men was good, they were willing and keen, and it is not too much to 
say that the type of man was of a higher standard than that of the Regular 
Army. 

A certain number of officers were from the Regular list : Major A. 
Hay (in command). Captains M. D. Gambier-Parry (Adjutant), G. H. 
Gwyther, M. L. Lloyd-Mostyn, M. I. H. Anwyl ; but the Reserve of Officers 
and the Oxford and the Cambridge Officers' Training Corps supplied the 
bulk : Major R. C. B. Throckmorton ; Captains G. W. D. B. Lloyd, R. B. 
Johnson, Walter Lloyd, F. C. T. Hadley ; Lieutenants Scott, S. Powell, 
T. D. Daly, A. D. M. Farrar, A. E. Allies, A. P. C. Rees, P. M. Dunn, E. K. 
Jones, H. G. Carter. Other officers were: D. MacBean, D. Roberts, R. N. 
Wilks, J. R. W. Jenkins, D. Gibby. And there were a number of Regular 
non-commissioned officers. 

The enthusiastic volunteers were plunged at once into a life of dis- 
comfort, crowded twenty-three into a bell-tent, many of them with nothing 
but the clothes they stood in when enlisted ; uniforms, and even the small 
necessities a soldier carries, were impossible to get for many weeks. A 
great number of them could only speak a little English. The training 
hours were long, but there was a general feeling that they would be required 
in January, and discipline was excellent. Only some of the old non- 
commissioned officers gave trouble — the old soldiers' trouble, drink. 

The system followed in this forced training was for the Regular 
officers to concentrate on the non-Regular officers. Those from the 
Officers' Training Corps were soon capable of training recruits, but others, 
with no military knowledge at all, were compelled by the exigencies of the 
situation to teach squad drill and elementary musketry after one week of 
instruction themselves. A dull and depressing experience for the men. 

Under these conditions it was not surprising to find that the battalion 
was stale by June 191 5. The orders to move brought relief. 



20 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS June 

" The battalion's strongest points were : marching, digging, boxing, 
football ; tactical training and musketry very fair ; discipline excellent, 
and physique magnificent ! " (T. D. Daly.) 

Under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel A. Hay, the battalion, 
1,200 strong, had moved since formation from Wrexham to Parkhouse 
Camp, Tidworth, thence to Draycott Camp near Swindon, and at the end 
of February 1915 to Blackdown, in the Aldershot Command, the whole 
division being there for training. 

In the 53rd Division our four Territorial battalions had, at first, 
composed the North Wales Infantry Brigade. Their first war training was 
centred at Northampton. When the 4th Battalion was sent to France, 
the brigade was made up by the ist Battalion Herefordshire Regiment 
(T.F.), and was numbered 158th Brigade. 

The 1 3th Division was the first to receive orders to prepare for foreign 
service, and our 8th Battalion marched, on the 28th June 1915, to Brook- 
wood Station, entrained for Avonmouth, and embarked (less i officer and 
80 men, who sailed with the transport and animals on the s.s. Eloby) on 
the s.s. Megantic. 

Captain Powell's diary contains an account of the voyage, which was, 
in the main, uneventful. 

" A good ship and comfortable cabins. Am with the adjutant in a 
cabin with bathroom attached. Everyone seems rather nervous about 
submarines, as one was seen by this ship as she entered the harbour 
yesterday. 

" The men sleep four in a cabin. . . . The South Wales Borderers 
are on board with us. E. K. Jones posted his machine guns with a view 
to repelling hostile attacks in the future. ... I had a wonderful day at 
bridge, winning nineteen points in the train and twenty-eight after dinner. 

" All port-holes are shrouded after dark so as to avoid showing lights. 

" We did not move out till 8 o'clock (29th June), and then were 
helped out by six tugs. The captain of the ship has not been told our 
destination, but is merely making for Gibraltar. Had boat and alarm 
parade this morning with lifebelts on. . . . The men are busy singing 
hymns and Welsh national songs. 

" Two destroyers convoyed us till i o'clock (30th) p.m., and then 
turned off home, much to our disgust." 

The ship steered a zigzag course, while the officers passed the days in 
playing deck football and quoits, and pulled a tug-of-war. Gibraltar 
was passed on the morning of the 3rd July, and on the 5th Malta was 
sighted. A sirocco was blowing when the ship put in to the harbour 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 21 

early in the morning. " It is an odd, bleak-looking rock with an excellent 
harbour. We stayed there till 1 1 o'clock, and the usual swarm of pedlars 
collected round, and little boys dived for pennies. There was the P. & O. 
Morea lying just opposite us. She had several ladies on board, whom we 
inspected critically through our field-glasses. We distinctly approved of 
one whom we dubbed ' Ginger,' because of her red hair. There were one 
or two French battleships about, and their launches and boats buzzed 
about busily. We were not allowed to go ashore, which was a great 
disappointment and rather unnecessary. . . . We steamed out about 1 1 
o'clock (a.m.) amidst great waving of handkerchiefs, and we were soon out 
of sight of Malta. In the evening we had a very dull boxing competition 
amongst the men." 

On the 8th the ship touched at Alexandria, " just in time to see the 
Ivernia, with the Brigadier, Cheshires, and South Lancashires on board, 
preparing to go off to Lemnos, where apparently we follow them without 
much delay. Their boat is not nearly so comfortable as ours. Stretch, 
who left England a week before us in charge of the horses, and arrived here 
on Saturday, came on board and told us his news. He has sent on the 
company commanders' horses and twenty mules, and only three wagons, 
and has to stay here indefinitely with the rest. He is encamped twelve 
miles off, in the desert ; twenty men w^ere told off to stay with him. Our 
base kit is going to be left here, and I had a great job packing and deciding 
what to leave and what to take, as there appears to be no likelihood of our 
being able to take on more than 35 lb." 

Some of the officers managed to get a walk on shore. The voyage 
was resumed on the loth. 

" Have been passing the Grecian Islands all day (nth). They are 
barren-looking things for the most part, but we are now getting to more 
signs of civilisation. . . . We are at Lemnos (12th), where we arrived about 
4 a.m. It is a wonderful harbour, the bay being very large. The}^ call it 
Mudros Bay. The Aquitania is lying peacefully quite close to land, so it 
must be pretty deep. ... In the afternoon some of the officers got a boat 
and had a bathing party, which was amusing to watch. Edmundson 
and Rees swam over to the Minnewaska, about 500 yards off, on 
which were Australian troops. Edmundson swam back in 14^ minutes 
against the tide, which was a good performance. The 38th and 39th 
Brigades are already in the fire trenches, so we shall probably be there in 
a day or two. 

" i2,th July. — Orders are out and maps issued. We may be off" to the 
Peninsula at any hour. Wilks and 150 men are going to be left here. 



22 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS July 

Each officer is to take a bundle to carry himself, containing waterproof 
sheet, blanket, and toilet things. He may also take his valise, with 35 lb. 
in it, but he will probably not see it again. Letters are going to be very 
severely censored." 

Ever3'one remained on the ship until the 15th, when : " A really most 
damnable day ! We started disembarking at 8, so I got up at 6 and 
breakfasted at 7. Finally got off at about 9. The heat was intense, and 
much the hottest we have had. We had a very dusty i|-mile walk uphill 
to a bivouac, where we sat until 3, with not a scrap of shade. The water 
in our bottles was hot. 

"At 12 we suddenly heard we were to go to Gallipoli to-day. Every- 
thing had been arranged for a stay of some three days, and it was just like 
the Staff to upset us. We left our bivouacs at 3, and went to the quay, 
where we waited in the stifling heat for over three hours while everything 
was put on board. To add insult to injury, only 500 were provided 
accommodation, and we were 770, so they got an extra boat, H.M.S. 
Partridge, to take the odd 270, and luckily I was with these. We had no 
squash on board, and they did us simply splendidly — gave us drinks, and 
at 9 a cold supper with the best cocoa I have ever tasted. . . . The Partridge 
was a converted liner, and had two guns forward. We got a sleep on deck 
for an hour or two." 

SuvLA Bay. 

The 53rd Division received the order to proceed abroad on the 3rd 
July, and embarkation was completed at Devonport by the 19th. Our 
Territorial battalions did not arrive on the scene until the 8th August. 

Meanwhile Sir Ian Hamilton was deciding how he should employ his 
reinforcements. He held the toe of the peninsula and the Anzac Beach, 
neither of which gave much hope in itself of expansion. The possible 
schemes were narrowed down to four. 

He could throw every man on the Cape Helles shore and attempt to 
capture Krithia and Achi Baba. But a new system of earthworks had 
been constructed on the slopes of Achi Baba, so that even though he 
captured Krithia, the mountain would form part of the Kilid Bahr 
defences to the Narrows, his ultimate goal. Also the beach was restricted, 
and limited the number of troops that could be landed and deployed. 
No fresh landing-place due west of Kilid Bahr offered a fair chance 
of success. 

The Asiatic shore ? He admits the idea was attractive, but to be 
successful he would have to deliver a determined attack on the peninsula 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 23 

as well, and his reinforcements were not sufficient for a double operation 
of the sort. 

Bulair ? The capture of Bulair, at the neck of the isthmus, would 
cut the land communications of the Turkish Army, and was a better plan 
on paper than " on the spot." Admiral de Robeck was dead against it, as 
it placed the Na\y in a dangerous position, open to submarine attack. 
The possible landing-places were not good, and so situated that the enemy- 
would have time to organise strong opposition from Thrace. Finally, 
Sir Ian Hamilton was not convinced that the cutting of this neck would 
isolate the Turkish Army, which would still be able to draw supplies and 
reinforcements across the Straits. 

The fourth plan, and the one he favoured, was to attack from Anzac 
in combination with a landing at Suvla Bay, storm " that dominating 
height Hill 305," and capture Maidos and Gaba Tepe. The landing 
conditions satisfied the Navy. The country was intricate, scarred and 
seared by deep ravines, the hills not high but in places precipitous and 
covered by thick scrub, and water was scarce. But " of these it can only 
be said that a bad country is better than an entrenched country, and that 
supply and water problems can be countered by careful preparation." 

As for the date of this attack, if " large numbers of troops were to be 
smuggled into Anzac and another large force was to land by surprise at 
Suvla, it was essential to eliminate the moon. Unless the plunge could be 
taken by the second week in August, the whole venture must be post- 
poned for a month." 

Meanwhile the Turks were kept busy with minor operations on the 
toe of the peninsula. 

An action had just been fought (12th and 13th July) at Helles, when 
the 1 3th Division landed and relieved the 29th Division. Our 8th Battalion 
arrived on the i6th, and were held in Gully Trench as Divisional Reserve. 
On the 17th they took over the front line from the South Lancashire 
Regiment, 

Though rumour of attack was busy, the front remained quiet. As Sir 
Ian Hamilton remarks in his despatch, " The experience here gained in 
looking after themselves, in forgetting the thousand and one details of peace 
soldiering, and in grasping the two or three elementary rules of conduct 
in war soldiering, were, it turned out, to be of priceless advantage to the 
13th "Division throughout the heavy fighting of the following month." 

Powell wTites : " We got the first sight of the Turkish searchlight 
about I, also the flash and boom of an occasional gun. Then we heard what 
sounded like rifle fire, but it turned out to be a park of small ammunition 



24 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS July 

which had been set on fire by a shell. . . . We finally landed about 4, 
and the sight of the peninsula in the half-light was very strange, all sand 
and stones. Luckily we were not shelled as we landed. We had a very 
tiring three-mile walk to Gully Beach, where we are now, right on the sea- 
shore, which is to be our headquarters while we are on the Peninsula. 
They can't shell us here, which is a comfort. . . . 

" Got to the trenches about 5 yesterday afternoon after a very trying, 
dusty march up. We settled down fairly comfortably. Food and w^ater 
are rather scarce, especially the latter, and I am beginning to realise what 
real thirst is when you can't quench it, or have only one water-bottle to 
last the day." 

The flies in the trenches were dreadful ; and there were unpleasant 
sights to greet the new-comers, such as a limb sticking out of a trench, to 
which was added the stench of the rotting dead. A wash was rare, and then 
in dirty water, but in reserve bathing in the sea was a delight. " We had 
a bathe, the Colonel, Parry, Allies, and myself, and it was perfect. The 
sea was very rough, and we stood up and let the waves break over us. No 
ships could get in, and all w^ere waiting outside." 

The wind w-as unpleasant, as it blew sand about, which entered the 
eyes, and food when eating. Food, too, was short — there were days when 
no bread was issued. And then we learn from Captain Powell what was 
really the most trying experience in the Gallipoli campaign : 

" I am suffering very badly from the trench diarrhoea. My stomach 
revolts against the food provided. . . . Felt limp all day. The doctor 
gave me a dose about 10 o'clock and told me to starve all day and drink 
cold tea instead of water, ... I have had my hair clipped short, as it is 
impossible to keep one's head clean owing to the sand unless you clip the 
hair. It looks odd, but it is rather comfortable. . . . Still feeling rather 
seedy and feeding on such slops as I can get. I got a bottle of French vin 
ordinaire for dinner, which was quite comforting. . . . Better on the whole, 
and at dinner-time I made my first square meal for three days — fresh meat 
and bottled peas. Anwyl has got some eggs from the canteen — I wonder 
what they will be like. My bed at night seems harder and harder, so I wake 
up very sore." 

But on July 30th : " We were finally relieved in the Esky Lines by 
the Royal Scots . . . and started an awful march to V Beach, the Clyde, 
which we reached about 9. The men were travelling very heavy and were 
exhausted and gave a lot of trouble. I had the devil of a time whipping 
them in at the tail of the company. Well, we got on board the destroyer 
Beagle, parched with thirst, and they received us with every kind of drink 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 25 

and real ham sandwiches. It was heaven ! We got to Lemnos about 2, 
and immediately disembarked and staggered up here, about a mile from 
the sea. Anw}-! is feeling very ill, and so is Allies. It looks as though I 
may be left in charge of the company with about one other officer before 
casualties start. I felt better all day, and during the day ate four indifferent 
eggs which tasted delicious." 

The date of the " great venture " had been fixed. The last reinforce- 
ments, the 53rd and 54th Divisions, were on the high seas, and due to 
arrive in a day or two ; the moon would rise about 2 a.m. on the 7th ; the 
first day of the attack was fixed for the 6th August. 

For the purpose of " hoodwinking the Turks " Sir Ian Hamilton had 
arranged for a surprise landing of 300 men on the northern shore of the 
Gulf of Xeros ; for a demonstration of French ships at Mitylene ; for an 
attack by the Australian and New Zealand Corps on Lone Pine Trenches, 
which were situated on their extreme right ; and a big containing attack at 
Helles. 

The main attack on the Sari Bair Ridge was to take place at night, 
and was a complicated movement. The crest of the ridge runs parallel to 
the sea. A series of spurs run down to the shore, separated from one another 
by wild, scrub-covered gullies ; two of these gullies lead up to Chunuk 
Bair, and are called Chailak Dere and Sazli Beit Dere, and another deep 
ravine, the Aghyl Dere, runs up to the highest peak of all, Koja Chemen 
Tepe (Hill 305). 

Two columns of troops were to be employed to secure the crest of the 
ridge, each column having a covering force to whom first objectives had 
been given. 

The right covering force was to take Table Top and clear the enemy 
from positions commanding the foothills between Chailak Dere and Sazli 
Beit Dere. This movement would not only open the way for the right 
assaulting column, but would also protect the flank of the left covering 
force. The main objective of the right assaulting column was Chunuk 
Bair. 

The left covering force, moving north along the beach, was to seize 
Damakjelik Bair and gain touch with the IX Corps when it landed south of 
Nibrunesi Point, while the assaulting column, passing to the right of the 
covering force, stormed the important Koja Chemen Tepe (Hill 305). 

Our 8th Battalion was to be attached to the left covering force with 
the primary duty of holding the line, but was split, two companies going 
to hold, with the ist Australian Light Horse Brigade (under Chauvel), 
No. 3 Section of Defence, and, if all went well, to co-operate in the con- 



26 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS July 

solidation of the line Quin's Post-Scrubby Knoll, while Battalion Head- 
quarters, with the other two companies, the 3rd Australian Light Horse 
Brigade, and the 8th Cheshire Regiment, were to occupy No. 4 Section, 
the line Russell's Top-Walker's Ridge to the sea. 

We know now that General Liman von Sanders, commanding the 
Turkish Fifth Army, which defended the Peninsula, received reports on 
the 1 6th July that between 50,000 and 60,000 men were being concentrated 
on the Island of Lemnos. Other reports gave greater numbers. He was 
certain that an attack was pending, but there was no indication of its 
direction. To the south, the British front might be reinforced but could 
not be extended, as both flanks rested on the sea. Of Anzac he says : 
" The British southern wing had made several attempts to gain ground. 
The only result was that the Turkish left was slightly bent back. On the 
British north flank a detachment, little more than a battalion, had been 
detached from the flank and pushed some distance to the north. It 
appeared to me of some significance, but Essad Pasha did not see any 
danger in it. Several attempts to drive the detachment back — adding 
even the Headquarters Guards to the attack — met with strong resistance 
and failed. These were the only indications which pointed to an intention 
to extend the front in that quarter. The indications were rather insignifi- 
cant." There was, too, the possibility, ever present in his mind, and 
always provided for, of a landing to attack Bulair and cut the narrow 
neck of the isthmus. To guard against this last possibility he had placed 
two divisions, the 7th and 12th. 

He was also watching the coast between Helles and Anzac, and placed 
there the 9th Division under Colonel Kannengiesser. 

North of Essad Pasha's troops, that is to say, between the north 
flank of the Anzac position and those two Turkish divisions about Bulair, 
the coast was guarded by two battalions of Gendarmerie (the Brussa and 
the Gallipoli Battalions) and a battalion of the 33rd Turkish Infantry 
Regiment, with one squadron of cavalry and four batteries of artillery, 
under Major Willmer, a gallant and capable Bavarian officer, who appeared 
again, in Palestine, to command a division on a stricken field. 

Who will say that Sir Ian Hamilton's plan was a bad one? It is true 
that the Turks had Colonel Kannengiesser's division for immediate reinforce- 
ment against the main attack from Anzac, but our IX Corps, landing at 
Suvla, had only three battalions and four batteries against them, for 
the two divisions on the upper Xeros Gulf were not immediately available. 

Our Intelligence was not at fault — the Turks were given a margin. 
IX Corps Orders give three battalions " located in or about the Anafarta 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 27 

villages, also one battalion at Ismail Oglu Tepe, and another at Yilghin 
Burnu, with outposts at Lala Baba and Ghazi Baba. A few mounted 
troops and gendarmerie were also reported in the country north of Anzac, 
and it was considered possible that the hills due east of Suvla Bay were held 
by a party of gendarmerie." 

The first troops detailed to land at Suvla were the nth Division, 
two Highland Mountain Batteries, and six machine guns from the Royal 
Naval Air Service, the force under the command of Major-General F. 
Hammersle}'. A brigade of Field Artillery and the loth Heavy Battery 
were to be landed beforehand at Anzac, and as the action moved forward 
were to join the i ith Division by way of the beach. The disembarkation 
of the nth Division was to be closely followed by the loth Division, less 
one brigade, the 29th. 

The Corps Orders are clear. The i ith Division, after securing certain 
landing-places, had the following tasks : (a) Secure the enemy posts at Lala 
Baba and Ghazi Baba, and establish a footing on the ridge running north- 
eastward along the coast through Karakol Dagh and Kiretch Tepe Sirt, 
thence as far as possible, as Point 156. (b) Occupy the positions Yilghin 
Burnu-Ismail Oglu Tepe. (c) Seize the road junction at Baka Baba, and 
establish connection northwards between this point and such troops as 
have been detailed under {a) to advance on Point 156. 

It was pointed out that the security of Suvla Bay would not be 
assured until the heights between Anafarta Sagir and Ejelmer Bay were 
denied to the enemy. When this was accomplished, " the G.O.C. IX 
Corps will endeavour to give direct assistance to the G.O.C. Australian 
and New Zealand Corps in his attack on Hill 305, by an advance on Biyuk 
Anafarta, with the object of moving up the eastern spur of that hill." 

Our 8th Battalion remained on the Island of Lemnos until the 4th 
August, when they sailed for Anzac. No kits, coats, or blankets were 
taken. They arrived at 9 p.m. The landing took place without a hitch, 
although shells were falling in the Cove and a continuous rattle of musketry 
seemed quite close. Nerves were taut before the knowledge of their purpose 
and the mystery of an unknown country. The battalion bivouacked in 
the shelter of White Gully. 

The 40th Brigade, with which we are immediately concerned, operated 
entirely on the left of the Anzac attack. Theirs was no easy task in an 
unknown country, for they had been detailed as the left covering force. 
Two battalions, ours and the 8th Cheshire, were to hold the existing line 
in conjunction with Australian troops, while Brigade Headquarters, the 



28 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

4th South Wales Borderers, and the 5th Wiltshire seized and held Damak- 
jehk Bair. 

On the 5th August C and D Companies, under Daly and Anwyl, were 
sent to No. 3 Section, while Headquarters and A and B, under Graham 
and Walter Lloyd, went to No. 4 Section. 

Daly was sent with his company to Quin's and Courtney's Posts, and 
received an enthusiastic welcome from the Australians. The trenches 
were from 5 to 10 yards apart, and " there was no chance," says Daly, 
" of using artillery against the Turkish trenches " (a condition imposed on 
the Turks by General Liman von Sanders : "A distance of a few paces 
between the hostile lines would inhibit the fire from the ships, which would 
now equally endanger the troops of both sides." This was explained to 
the leaders and to their troops.) 

The awful stench of dead bodies in the narrow strip of No Man's 
Land permeated the air. The Australians claimed that their snipers 
had the upper hand, but, saj's Daly, " the Turks were very active " and 
all movement behind the front line was fatal. The front line was, appar- 
ently, the " safest place," as the Australian officer who took Daly round 
the line refused to use a periscope and pointed out landmarks over the 
parapet. There was a shortage of bombs, in spite of which two were 
always thrown to the enemy's one (which suggests that the supply was not 
inadequate, although the trench reserve may have been small). The Turks 
were very alert, and it was their habit to fire " mad minutes" at regular 
intervals. 

Other points noted by the new-comer were the shortage of water, 
which was limited to half a gallon per man per day ; the melted state of 
bully beef ; the swarms of flies that covered everything ; the sides of the 
trenches, which were revetted with tins, and, of course, the intense heat. 
The Australians and New Zealanders worked in shorts, often without a 
shirt, and were burned dark brown : the New Zealanders were a remarkably 
fine set of men. 

The preliminary attack, " to bamboozle the Turk," commenced on the 
right of our Anzac line at 4.30 p.m. At Helles it had opened at 9.30 a.m. 
and was in full swing. We need not follow its course, but it is important 
to glance at the account furnished by General Liman von Sanders : 

" Essad Pasha at first believed that the decisive attack was directed 
against his left wing [the right of our Anzac line]. But on the evening of the 
6th it was discovered that from the beach at Ari Burnu [Anzac] the enemy 
was moving northward along the coast, and that still farther north strong 
forces were being disembarked at various points , . . [this must refer to 



1915 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 



29 




"DairakitWt \ 



r 



A 






A^^^V.M^;^ 






-NoiRutV] 



Afizac, not Suvla]. Immediately upon receipt of the foregoing report I 
telephoned to the 7th and 12th Divisions on the Upper Xeros Gulf, ordering 
that they be alarmed and made ready to march at once. About an hour 
later orders were sent to start both divisions at once in the general direction 
of Usun-Hisirli, east of Anafarta Sagir, Essad Pasha that evening alarmed 
the 9th Division and ordered it to march northward." 

The attacking columns were advancing up the slopes of Sari Bair. 
The left covering force, 
the 40th Brigade, 
under Brigadier- 
General Travers, 
reached No. 3 Post 
about 9.25 p.m. and 
advanced in lines of 
companies moving to 
a flank in fours, with 
an advance guard. 
They passed Bauchop's 
Hill and Walden Point, 
still held by the enemy, 
and encountered the 
enemy in a trench 
across the Aghyl Dere. 
The enemy fled before 
the determined ad- 
vance — other trenches 
on the slopes of 
Damakjelik Bair were 
rushed — the hill was 
captured. 

Success attended 
the efforts of the right " ^ "^ «»"-' 

covering force, and all seemed going well. At 3.30 a.m., under orders for 
attack, our 8th Battalion (A and B Companies) marched from Russell's 
Top to Monash Gully. The 3rd Australian Light Horse were to rush a 
place called The Nek at 4.30 a.m., and if successful our battalion was to 
attack other lines of enemy trenches. 

Soon after 5 a.m. a message reached the Commanding Officer of success. 
A and B Companies were already moving up the gull}^, following a track. 
A wire entanglement was found, which the Royal Engineers demolished ; 



Monash GuSij 

Bnd§«sEoad. 
White Gu% 







ri 



; 



/, 



r y 

^-7 



■/ 



C-- 



A 

^ c 
1/ 

( 



■J- 



30 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

the track then spht, and A Company was ordered to go right, which would 
lead them to about the centre of the Turkish line, while B Company went 
left, to the top of the gully : they were to work inwards when they reached 
the Turkish position. 

The gully itself was covered with thick scrub, and the sides at the head 
of it were extremely steep with a lot of loose earth at the top offering a 
precarious foothold. A Company were topping the ridge when they were 
attacked with bombs and a machine gun from a trench on the very crest. 
Casualties occurred at once, and the leading men, falling back, knocked 
over those in rear who were struggling up the loose-sided slope. 

An examination of the position forced a decision to withdraw : the 
loose earth, the steepness of the gully bank, and the restricted front, con- 
fined by thick scrub, afforded no chance to rush the Turkish trench, and 
the company was ordered to turn and follow in rear of B Company. 

But B Company had already reached the top of the ridge on their 
side, and had been checked by the fire of machine guns, which had wiped 
out the leading platoon. 

At this point a staff officer arrived to say that the Australians had failed 
to take the Nek, and no further advance w^as to be made by the battalion. 
The two companies therefore remained under cover in the gully until the 
evening, when they returned to Russell's Top. Here they remained 
until the 9th, when they moved back to Bridges Road in Army Corps 
Reserve. 

Our 8th Battalion did not move again until the 15th, but we must 
follow the general action at Anzac with the landing at Suvla in order to 
get the Territorial battalions of the regiment properly placed in the picture. 

The 40th Brigade, as covering party on the left, had captured Damak- 
jelik Bair, and the left assaulting column had entered the Aghyl Dere. 
This deep gully splits into a northern and a southern arm ; the 4th Austra- 
lian Brigade took the northern, to make for Koja Chemen Tepe, while the 
29th Indian Infantry Brigade took the southern fork to Hill Q. 

Nothing could be more graphic than Sir Ian Hamilton's despatch. 
"... The country gave new sensations in cliff climbing even to officers 
and men who had graduated over the goat-tracks of Anzac. The darkness 
of the night, the density of the scrub, hands-and-knees progress up the 
spurs, sheer physical fatigue, exhaustion of the spirit caused by repeated 
hairbreadth escapes from the hail of random bullets — all these combined 
to take the edge off the energies of our troops." 

An admirable country for defence, and the advance everywhere was 
slow. At daybreak the 4th Australian Brigade was on the line of the 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 31 

Asma Dere,^ and the 29th Indian Brigade on the ridge west of the Farm. 
A little later they were in touch with the right assaulting column on the top 
of Rhododendron Spur, " a quarter of a mile short of Chunuk Bair — i.e. of 
victory." 

At the end of the day Sir Ian Hamilton wTites : " Our aims had not 
been fully attained, and the help we had hoped for from Suvla had not 
been forthcoming." He is unable in his despatch to conceal his anger and 
bitter disappointment, for the troops of the nth Division, leaving Lemnos 
after dark, were successfully landed, but had achieved nothing. The 
original plan had been to land at two points south of Nibrunesi, but at the 
request of General Stopford a third landing was agreed to in Suvla Bay : 
it was here that confusion started. Some of the lighters grounded in the 
shallow water, and fire was opened by enemy pickets at Lala Baba and 
Ghazi Baba. Still, the 34th Brigade was landed : south of Nibrunesi the 
32nd and 33rd Brigades were unopposed. 

Every allowance must be made for the 1 1 th Division during the night 
6th/7th August. The country was unknown, and out of the inky darkness 
came fire from an enemy whose strength could not be appreciated. There 
was some control, for news of the difficulties of the 34th Brigade caused 
the 32nd Brigade to be moved to their support, but there is little doubt 
that our troops fired on each other. One unit, however, the i ith Battalion 
Manchester Regiment, seems to have been kept well in hand, and advanced 
resolutely in the night to Karakol Dagh. At daybreak the Turks com- 
menced for the first time to shell, and set fire to the scrub about Hill 10, 
where the 34th and 32nd Brigades were assembled. 

Dawn also brought the loth Division into the Bay. The position 
assigned to this division was on the left, but the first six battalions were 
landed on the right and had to march by Lala Baba and Hill 10 under a 
flanking fire from Major Willmer's Turks. How many Turks were on the 
spot we do not know, but his total strength in infantry was little over 2,000. 
The remaining battalions of the loth Division were landed at Ghazi Baba, 
At the same time the two Highland Mountain Batteries and one battery 
59th Brigade Field Artillery were landed south of Nibrunesi. 

The situation, when it was light enough to see, was that the infantry 
of a whole division was ashore, with three batteries, and a stream of 
battalions of a second division were landing behind them. " I have failed 
in my endeavours to get some live human detail about the fighting which 
followed," says Sir Ian Hamilton. The operations of the nth Division 
are difficult to follow : the loth Division, saved from the confusion of a 

* The next ravine north of Aghyl Dere. 



2>2 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

night landing, but split by the accident of their landing, made an advance 
with the 31st Brigade to Yilghin Burnu (Chocolate Hill) on the right, and 
along the Kiretch Tepe Sirt on the left. And that was all that happened 
on the 7th August. 

On the 8th, at Anzac, the battle was resumed early in the morning. 
On the right, New Zealand troops reached the crest of Chunuk Bair and 
held on with the 7th Gloucestershire in a most heroic and determined 
manner. In the centre, about the Farm, enemy opposition was strong and 
defeated all attempts to advance, and on the left the Turks repulsed the 
Australian attack on Koja Chemen Tepe. " So matters stood at noon. . . . 
The expected support from Suvla hung fire, but the capture of Chunuk 
Bair was a presage of victory. ..." 

Taking everj^thing into account, heat, thirst, fatigue, green troops, 
and making every allowance for the confusion caused by the first clumsy 
movements in a difficult country, there remains a complete lack of effort at 
Suvla Bay. There were, at General Stopford's disposal, five brigades of 
infantry and three batteries on shore, while at sea the warships were ready 
to give fire support. And the Turks were inactive. Except for a little 
artillery fire in the early morning, the enemy guns were silent throughout 
the daj7, and rifle and machine-gun fire was negligible. 

General Liman von Sanders is most interesting. His account is given 
in the general manner of an Army Commander — there are no details, for 
instance, of Major Willmer's manoeuvres — and he tells us that during the 
afternoon of the 7th August the Commander of the XVI Turkish Corps, 
consisting of the 7th and 1 2th Divisions, reported the arrival of his Corps 
from the neighbourhood of Bulair. Troops, he said, no doubt with pride, 
had made a double march that day. The Corps Commander was ordered 
to attack the British troops landed on the Anafarta Plain. 

But on the morning of the 8th August von Sanders rode to the ground 
on which the XVI Corps was to form up for attack and found no one. 
Finally, he discovered a staff officer of the 7th Turkish Division, who said 
he was selecting an outpost position, and that troops were far in rear. The 
General gave orders for the attack to commence at sunset. 

Major Willmer reported that evening that no troops had arrived. The 
Corps Commander stated that the fatigued state of his troops precluded 
any attempt to attack. He was promptly relieved of his command. 

An odd situation. Nothing to choose between Turks and British. 

Sir Ian Hamilton, with victory within his grasp, with the gallant 
New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair, wanting but a slight effort to fix his grip 
firmly on the high ground which would give him command of the plain 




A ilUXC.K OI-- BEACH PROTECTED FROM SI I1:LI.-F1P.1:. 



[Cniivii ('.omii-'Kihl. 




GAB A Ti:i'i-: 



I'.ruwn Comirujht. 



32j 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 33 

behind Helles and bring him within measurable distance of the Narrows, 
felt that something was wrong at Suvla, and went there. 

He found Corps Headquarters on the Jonquil talking with confidence 
of an attack in the morning. " But when I urged that even now, at the 
eleventh hour, the nth Division should make a concerted attack upon the 
hills, I was met by a non possumus. The objections of the morning were 
no longer valid ; the men were now well rested, watered, and fed." And so 
the}" were. And on the 8th two British officers and a corporal reconnoitred 
Tekke Tepe to the summit and found it empty, except for two small patrols 
who fled : there were no enemy troops to resist an advance to the fatal 
heights.^ 

The Commander-in-Chief then landed on the beach and found all 
quiet. He spoke to General Hammersley commanding the nth Division, 
who declared it was a physical impossibility to get out orders for a night 
attack, the time being 6 p.m. Troops were scattered ; orders were out for 
an attack in the morning ; nothing could be done. In fact the situation 
at 6 p.m. did not seem to justify the confident anticipation at Divisional 
and Corps Headquarters of the attack in the morning. One brigade only, 
the 32nd, was considered capable of movement, and the Commander-in- 
Chief directed that this brigade should anticipate the morning attack by 
occupying the heights that night. The orders reached the 32nd Brigade 
Headquarters at 7.30 p.m. at Hill 10. 

The 32nd Brigade Staff was, however, as much out of touch with its 
battalions as the other Brigade Staffs. The attack did not commence until 
4 a.m. on the 9th, and was made by the 6th East Yorkshire, a Pioneer 
battalion, supported by the 8th West Riding Regiment. 

On the Turkish side command had been given to an energetic officer, 
Mustapha Kemal, who had whipped up the laggard Turkish divisions to 
attack before dawn on the 9th. They met the 6th East Yorkshire on the 
top of Tekke Tepe and drove them down again — an entire company was 
captured together with Colonel Moore, who had led them, and who was 
murdered by the Turks. 

While this was going on, all through the night of the 8th/9th August, 
still another division was being disembarked on the beach. Headquarters 
of the 53rd Division was dumped on the beach at 7 p.m. on the 8th, and was 
met by orders to send two brigades to the i ith Division. Only one battalion 
had landed, so the order could not be complied with. From early morning, 
however, battalions were being sent singly to the front line. 

1 James T. Underhill, of Vancouver, was one of the ofiQcers of the 6th East Yorkshire who 
reconnoitred the hill. See The Times, 14th February 1925. 
IV— 3 



34 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

At 5 a.m. the 33rd Brigade made the attack which had been planned 
the previous day, in the direction of Ismail Oglu Tepe, and met the con- 
siderable fire of troops from the i6th Turkish Corps already in position. 
The attack failed. No less than seven battalions of the 53rd Division were 
sent piecemeal into the fight, so that when night fell this new division was 
as scattered and out of control as the nth had been. Nevertheless, the 
Corps Commander decided to make another attempt on the Anafarta 
Ridge the next morning with the 53rd Division. 

But on the loth the result of the Suvla Bay inertia on the 8th became 
apparent. Mustapha Kemal, of whom General Liman von Sanders held 
a high opinion, had received further reinforcements from the southern group, 
and launched an attack on Chunuk Bair, Hill Q, and the Farm. The New 
Zealanders had been relieved by two battalions of the 1 3th Division ; these 
were overwhelmed under the weight of the Turkish attack and Chunuk 
Bair was lost. 

The attack of the 53rd Division at Suvla, launched under the most 
unfavourable circumstances, did nothing to influence events on the import- 
ant heights of Sari Bair. The commander of the i6oth Brigade sat on the 
beach with no troops, his battalions having been scattered in all directions,. 
so that General Lindley had only two brigades at his disposal. The 159th 
Brigade had also been sent up to the fighting line by battahons, but as all 
of them were in the neighbourhood of Sulajik it appeared possible for 
this brigade to organise a short preliminary advance to the foot of the 
ridge. The 158th Brigade, to which our three Territorial battalions 
belonged, had lost the Herefordshire, but had the 2/ioth Middlesex 
attached : the brigade was to pass through the 159th and carry out the 
main attack. 

The 5TH, 6th, and 7th Battalions. 

Our three Territorial battalions had disembarked on C Beach early 
in the morning of the 9th, and remained there throughout the day (Lala 
Baba). Orders for attack were issued that evening. The 159th Brigade 
would commence the advance at 6 a.m. 

From the beach on which our battalions were bivouacked there was 
very little movement, and no opportunity of seeing the country in front. 
One company of the 5th Battalion carried spades to the front line, but 
that was at dusk, and little was seen. 

Verbal orders seem to have been given by the Brigadier-General, and 
so we find a contradiction in the order of battle. The 5th Battalion believed 
that they were to be in the centre with the 7th on their right and the 6tb 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 35 

on their left ; the 7th BattaHon beheved they were centre, with the 5th 
on their right. At all events, the 5th led in the approach march. 

Apparently a warning order only was issued on the night of the 9th. 
Reveille was at 3.30 a.m., when the men had hot tea. At 4 a.m. details 
of the attack were learned. 

At 6 a.m. the 159th Brigade commenced to advance. It is impossible 
to give positions with any degree of accuracy ; reports are vague and 
confused. The line of advance was over a flat country covered with scrub, 
stunted trees, and hedges, and officers were unable to locate themselves 
(or the enemy) on the maps supplied. To add to these difficulties, the 
1 59th Brigade Staff spent the night trying to find the brigade units. " The 
most that could be done was to give orders to commanding officers of three 
battalions, who, however, were not in a position to say where their battalions 
were, except the 4th Welch" (Brigade Diary). Also the Staff was not in 
communication with the 158th Brigade Staff, whose whereabouts were 
unknown. 

A line did advance at 6 a.m., i| companies of the 7th Cheshire and 
slightly stronger elements of the 4th Cheshire and 5th Welch. It was a 
feeble affair, and after groping about for a while in a spiritless manner, 
troops stood still. 

The 158th Brigade had left the beach about a quarter to five, our 5th 
Battalion leading. They headed across the bed of the dried Salt Lake, and 
soon found themselves in sticky mud, in some places six inches deep. 
Half-way across the Lake the battalion opened out into artillery formation 
under shrapnel fire, which caused a few casualties. Some 200 yards beyond 
the Salt Lake unaimed rifle fire was encountered, and the battalion deploj'-ed. 

Kenneth Taylor, of the 5th Battalion, says : " The hill, or rather 
ridge, in front of us had a gradual rise at first, which was covered with 
trees, hedges, bushes, and oak scrub about waist-high. It was practically 
impossible to keep any sort of formation or keep touch, and we were soon 
split up and rather disorganised." All battalions met with the same 
experience, and their accounts of the action suffer accordingly in accuracy ; 
they gave what they believed to be true, and what seemed to them to be 
happening during their advance over an unknown country. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Jelf Reveley, commanding the 7th Battalion, 
says : " It was apparently not known that the 159th Brigade had had to 
retire on the right, so that we were surprised at coming under rifle fire 
directly we reached the east side of Salt Lake, which we crossed under 
shrapnel fire from the hills in front. Under the shrapnel fire the battalion 
was opened out into artillery formation, remained very steady, and suffered 



36 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

few casualties, the shrapnel appearing to burst too high up. The heavy 
rifle fire from the direction of Hill 50 drew our line, which was now extended 
in that direction, resulting in the swing to the right taking place too soon, 
so that our whole line was too much to the right — the 6th Royal Welch 
Fusiliers, who should have been on my left, being on my right. Messages 
were sent to the various companies of my battalion to work across more to 
the left, and by the early afternoon they were facing south-east on a line 
running north-east from Sulajik." 

The 5th Battalion state that they passed through troops of the 159th 
Brigade, who were mostly entrenched behind hedges, and that at about 
11.30 a.m. " fire was opened " ; they were then some 200 yards from the 
position held by the enemy. The leading line was reinforced by successive 
lines, and by a company of the 6th Battalion. Lieutenant-Colonel B. E. 
Philips (5th) was joined by Lieutenant-Colonel T. W. Jones (6th), and an 
assault was ordered. 

The best account comes from Kenneth Taylor. After passing over 
troops of the 159th Brigade : " The situation became a little less obscure, 
as we could now see the ridge in front of us, and knew where the fire was 
coming from. The ridge must have been 150 to 200 yards away from us. 
About 50 yards away was a bank, and after that was all oak scrub. 

" We started off again in waves with big intervals, and the first 50 
yards was a hell-for-leather race, no cover and every chance of striking 
eternity. That 50 yards accounted for a good many, and my only recollec- 
tion of it is the splendid way the men behaved. We arrived at the bank 
and had another breather. . . . 

" I was out of touch now with anyone on my left, although I tried hard 
to find them. Shortly the order came down to fix bayonets and get ready 
to charge. I believe our own Colonel and Colonel Jones, of the 6th 
Battalion, were together at this time, about 100 yards on my right, and 
soon the order came to charge. The density of the oak scrub absolutely 
ruined all chance of a decent charge, as we had to follow goat-tracks and 
water-courses in single file to get through. Either the Turk could not see 
us or he was preparing to retire, as few bullets came over, and we had little 
difficulty in getting to the top, and to my immediate front everything was 
quiet. But being split up into small parties by the scrub caused more 
confusion, because so many parts of the line were out of touch, and it became 
impossible to tell how things were going on in other spots. 

" After a while, I have no idea how long, everything seemed quiet, 
except on the right. Soon we saw a retirement taking place on the right, 
and it gradually crept closer to where we were." 



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38 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

We must now turn to Lieutenant-Colonel Reveley's account of what 
seemed to him to be happening on the right. " In the early afternoon 
heavy casualties were experienced when my men were just coming up to 
the leading (?) trenches owing to the retirement from them of troops of 
another brigade, who carried my men with them for a short distance. The 
retirement was checked and the advance was resumed." 

An officer sent by Taylor to find out what was happening returned 
with the information that a retirement had been ordered. It is more 
probable that the 7th Battalion drew the whole line back with them. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Philips, leading his battalion, had been killed on the 
top of the ridge, and the same confusion existed there as on the immediate 
front of Kenneth Taylor. 

The times mentioned by officers are vague ; no doubt minutes seemed 
hours. All this must have taken place before midday. At i p.m. the 
Corps Commander ordered a second attack to take place at 5 p.m. 

"At 5 p.m. the leading line was still about 400 yards short of the 
ground on which we were to relieve the 15 9th Brigade, so a general advance 
was ordered at that hour. This was carried a short distance, but failed to 
get through to the required ground, casualties again being very heavy " 
(Reveley). 

Kenneth Taylor, who dropped back with his company to the en- 
trenched troops he had passed over, writes of them as the i6oth Brigade, 
and never mentions the 159th Brigade. " I remember the kindness of a 
Queen's officer giving us a drink " — and this confirms Lieutenant-Colonel 
Reveley's statement that the whole of the 158th Brigade swung too much 
to the right. But all are agreed that the ridge assaulted was the first 
objective allotted to the 1 59th Brigade. By 5 p.m. the Turks were firmly 
established and the British advance had failed. 

The situation is well described by Taylor : " We could locate very few 
of our ow^n men, as everybody was so mixed up — battalions, brigades, and 
divisions all jumbled up together — so we decided to move to a big tree 
about 100 yards to the left and have a look round. 

" We decided that we must find Major Head, who was now in command 
of the battalion, and get some orders and information if possible. Borth- 
wick [Adjutant] went off in search of Head, Tom [Parry] in search of a 
hospital, and I in search of the remainder of our scattered battalion. I 
found a few men and collected them behind a bank and hedge just in rear 
of our tree, a place Borthwick had decided on as our rendezvous. Borthwick 
returned later with a few more men and the news that we were to collect 
all the men we could possibly find, and remain where we were in support, 




i.iia ri-.NANr-c.oi.oN'i'.i- n. i;. I'liii.ii's. 



38] 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 39 

in case of necessity. Head, I think, knew less of the situation than we did, 
and was beating up stragglers in the rear. Later on we found Colonel 
Jones. Captain Porter had a few men of the 6th Battalion on our right, 
in the same boat as ourselves, and looking very miserable." 

Sir Ian Hamilton had watched the battle, and in the evening ordered 
the Corps to entrench on the positions held. The nth Division was given 
the right, the 53rd Division the centre (from Sulajik to the foot of the 
slope rising to Kiretch Tepe Sirt), the loth Division the left. Our battalions 
were on the right of the divisional front, and did not participate in the 
attack of the 54th Division on the 12th August, launched with the object 
of clearing the wooded plain of Anafarta Ova, or that on the i sth August 
when the loth Division, supported by the 54th, sought to clear the ridge 
Kiretch Tepe Sirt. This attack was considered by General Liman von 
Sanders as being the third crisis in the Suvla Bay landing. But again, 
under the able leadership of Major Willmer, whose Gendarmerie had been 
reinforced by all available troops, including battalions from the Asiatic 
shore, a timely counter-attack drove our leading troops from the ridge 
they had won, the reinforcements that had been promised them not 
arriving in time. Once more it seems to have been a matter of a few 
minutes only. Liman von Sanders attached the greatest importance to 
this ridge, and saw himself in grave peril if it was lost. He thinks that 
we could and should have occupied the Kiretch Tepe Sirt on our first 
landing. He sees us squatting on the beach and cannot understand why 
we don't advance at all costs. " The opponent, of course, does not know 
the reasons of the enemy. Since the weakness of the Turks in the Anafarta 
section was known, the British leaders may not have thought that reinforce- 
ments could be brought up so quickly, the more as large forces were tied 
to the two battle-fronts by heavy attacks simultaneously made on them. 
Perhaps they had difficulty getting their young troops quickly forward 
over the cut-up and rocky terrain where there was hardly a road." But to 
parry the blow he had to denude the Xeros Gulf of troops, " and on the 
whole Asiatic coast there were but three battalions and a few batteries left 
as coast-guards." 

But the lesson of Suvla will not be learned by putting the responsibility 
of failure on the battalions of young soldiers — battalions of the same 
quality and under similar conditions fought gloriously at Anzac, holding 
on to positions to which they had been led when all officers were down. 

On the evening of the 15th August General Stopford handed over the 
command of the IX Corps. 

The high ground of Sari Bair remained in the hands of the Turks, and 



40 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

the net result of our operations was to extend our left flank from Anzac 
Cove. 

Of the first week after the failure at Suvla, Lieutenant-Colonel F. 
Mills, then a Company Commander but later commanding the 6th Battalion, 
says : " We then had a terrible week, occupying a shallow Turkish trench, 
very little water, few rations, cold at night, and a blazing sun during the 
day. The smell was indescribable, dead and wounded everywhere, and 
no means of burying the dead. After sweating in the sun all day, the 
dust caked on everyone's face, and for want of water everyone's lips were 
black with caked blood ; the blood cracked if one opened one's mouth, and 
it streamed down one's chin." 

At Anzac our 8th BattaHon left Army Corps Reserve on the 1 5th and 
took over the front line at the apex. Promptly they attempted a small 
enterprise. The Turks had erected three loopholes in a trench on a small 
knoll about 30 yards from the crest line. Lieutenant Allies took out a 
small party to destroy the post — a foolhardy exploit in broad daylight 
which might from its recklessness have succeeded — and he was seen to 
enter the trench. But the Turks saw the raid coming at the last moment : 
the party was scattered, and Lieutenant Allies and 5 men were reported 
missing. 

The attempt was repeated twice the next day by Lieutenant McC. 
Jones with a bombing party, who each time reached the trench but was 
bombed out again by the garrison. This post was finally captured by an 
organised brigade attack 1 

The climate was beginning to undermine the health of troops. The 
sick casualties were high ; boils of a painful description were common. 

Captain Powell, of the 8th Battalion, says : 

" (^th August. — Left about 12 and joined the rest of the battalion 
and moved off to Johnson's Gully to support the Connaught Rangers, who 
were supposed to be exhausted. It was nice seeing all the others again, 
and we had a good night. 

" loth. — Made an early start about 6.40, before we could get any water 
or have breakfast, and moved for about two hours right up to the left of 
our position. We passed streams of wounded walking, and saw a few on 
stretchers until we got to the clearing-station, where we rested an hour, 
and I was able to fill my water-bottle. The wounded were lying about in 
thousands, and sometimes the moaning was very trying. Then we pushed 
on up the gully and passed more wounded and several dead bodies. We 
got to our rest-place about i and stayed until 7.30. Then we moved up to 
the top of this very steep gully. D Company had to form a covering party 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 41 

while the rest of the battaHon dug all night. It was a jumpy job, as we 
had to lie down in front of the trench all night. We lost 16 men — 3 killed 
and 13 wounded. 

" nth. — I have a nasty boil on my neck that has been troubling me. 
The doctor says it is a carbuncle, and to-da}^ opened it in a most unpleasant 
manner. We rested all day, and then moved up the gulley and dug a trench 
all night. No sleep is beginning to tell, and there is no water to be had. 
You must drink the little you get, so washing is impossible. The supply 
of food is limited to bully beef and biscuits. In fact things could scarcely 
be more miserable. 

" i2th. — W^e were badly shelled this morning and our cook had his 
head blown off. Also we had got some water for the men, and they were 
all collected round it when a shell came and killed and wounded about six 
and knocked all the water-cans to bits, and there is no more to be had, . . , 
About 7 we heard we were not to dig that night, 

" 14/A. — Unless we can get some vegetables to eat we shall have trouble, 
as the men are breaking out in sores. The issue of lime-juice is ludicrous — 
yesterday we had 7 pints to the battalion ! 

" 17th. — A very tiresome day, as we had to move our bivouac three 
times, owing to two battalions of the Canterbury New Zealanders coming 
up to take on the fire-trenches with us in reserve. The authorities look 
upon the taking of this advanced Turkish trench as a matter of great 
importance, and it was arranged that the N,Z.s should have a go at them 
last night. At 7 o'clock we were told that we should have to lie up all 
night in support of them, and we moved off at 9 and tried to take up a 
position in the open brushwood, but the country was so awful and the 
bush so thick that we were withdrawn on to the track, and we stayed there 
all night with fixed bayonets, standing to arms at 12,30 and 4. The 
N.Z.s attacked, but the Turks had a listening-post out ready for them, 
and these dashed back, and the Turks immediately reinforced heavily and 
drove the small attacking party off. 

" igth. — We had a few drops of rain this morning — the first we have had 
since leaving England, It is getting cold at night and I wish I had a blanket. 

" 20th. — Nothing much happened all day, except the eternal finding 
of fatigues. If the men don't get a rest they will collapse. ... I am getting 
weak again with diarrhoea. 

" 2 is/. — About 3 o'clock they started to attack on the left : the 9th 
Army Corps, consisting of the loth and nth Divisions and a Territorial 
division in which our 5th and 6th Battalions are.^ It was a wonderful sight 

1 Our Territorial battalions were not concerned in this attack. 



42 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

watching the bombardment and then the advance through glasses. We 
looked to be having a lot of casualties, but we certainly took three lines of 
trenches, if not more. 

" 22nd. — We hear they did a very good advance on the left yesterday, 
and as it is only about two miles across (!) there, they may get to the sea 
any day, which would put the end in sight. Pray God they do ! " 
(Powell.) 

Until the 4th September the 8th Battalion took regular duty on Cheshire 
Ridge. The front was very quiet and, except for sickness that frayed 
tempers, there was little to grumble at. The battalion then left, and 
marched to Lala Baba. 

" We suddenly heard, early in the morning, that we were going to move 
at 8 to-night, so we had a great hustle all day getting ready. As usual, 
in moving we had a terrible time. The Newfoundlanders who relieved us 
were late, and we did not leave till 1 1 p.m. Then the guide, who was a 
perfect fool, lost his way, and B and A Companies, owing to a mix-up in 
orders, failed to meet us at the expected place. After two hours they were 
found by the Sergeant-Major, and then the tail of the column managed to 
lose touch with the others and again lost themselves. Meanwhile, T. M. 
[Throckmorton] was livid with rage most of the time, and finally we struck 
a trench occupied by the Gloucesters, who put us on our track." 

Meanwhile, with the 53rd and 54th Divisions holding the line from 
Sulajik to Kiretch Tepe Sirt, the 29th and nth Divisions had once more 
attacked Ismail Oglu Tepe, on the 21st August. The Turks were by that 
time well entrenched, and after suffering heavy losses the two attacking 
divisions failed to make any appreciable advance. Except for the disturb- 
ance caused by this attack, all was quiet on the 53rd Division front. 
Casualties from shell or rifle fire were small — from sickness they became 
heavy. A dreadful wastage set in. 

Our 7th Battalion had been sent on the 14th August to Mudros, where 
they were engaged in guarding Turkish prisoners, making roads, loading 
and unloading stores and ammunition. They did not return to Suvla 
until the 14th October, when their strength was 20 officers and 496 other 
ranks. By this time the strength of the 5th and 6th Battalions was so 
reduced that they were amalgamated on the 9th under Lieutenant-Colonel 
C. S. Rome. 

Evacuation. 

Sir Ian Hamilton was recalled on the 17th October, and General Sir 
C. Monro was sent out to report {a) on the military situation on the Gallipoli 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: GALLIPOLI 43 

Peninsula ; (b) to express an opinion whether on purely military grounds the 
Peninsula should be evacuated, or another attempt made to carry it ; 
(c) the number of troops that would be required (i) to carry the Peninsula, 
(2) to keep the Straits open, and (3) to take Constantinople. 

Fresh on the scene. Sir C. Monro viewed the position that had been 
secured on the fringe of the coast-line with amazement. None of the 
principles of any textbook was possible — the Turks had observation, 
depth, every conceivable advantage, and, no doubt, according to textbooks, 
should have swept us off the Peninsula with ease. It was all too true — 
the golden opportunity had passed. Evacuation was decided upon. 

The loth Division was the first to move, in October, to Salonika, 
where they joined two French divisions. But the order to evacuate was 
not given until the 8th December. 

As the weather cooled, the wastage through sickness decreased, but 
our battalions, always within range of the Turkish artillery, whether in 
or out of the line, resting, or on fatigue, were not only weak in numbers 
but in a state of physical debility. On the 26th November torrential rain 
heralded a blizzard and severe frost. The dry watercourses at Suvla 
became swift-flowing rivers ; trenches were filled, and had to be abandoned ; 
and then frost and snow ! At Anzac and Helles the damage was not 
extensive, owing to the protection of the surrounding hills, but at Suvla 
there was no such protection : over 200 deaths occurred from exposure, 
and some 10,000 sick were evacuated during the first few days of December. 
Our four battalions were caught in this and suffered severely. It was a 
most unusual time of year for a storm of such violence, but it was a warning 
against undue delay. 

"... Our flimsy piers, breakwaters, and light shipping became 
damaged by the storm to a degree which might have involved most serious 
consequences, and was a very potent indication of the dangers attached 
to the maintenance and supply of an army operating on a coast-line with 
no harbour and devoid of all the accessories such as wharves, piers, cranes, 
and derricks for the discharge and distribution of stores, etc." (Despatch.) 

" 25/A November. — Nothing very much happened during the day. 
Went round the trenches again with the CO. Suddenly, late at night, 
an enormous fatigue was commanded. We found 450 men, which meant 
cooks, officers' servants, ourselves, etc., all had to turn out, and sick men did 
guard. • It was on from i.i 5 and we did not get back till 5.30. We dug two 
pentagonal trenches with a place for five machine guns and linked it up 
with the firing line and towards the beach. It was frightfully cold, but the 
Engineers gave me a topping cup of coffee. 



44 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

" 26th. — We heard that we were not going to the fire-trenches for 
three or four days, probably owing to the giant fatigue. About 5.30 a 
dreadful thunderstorm burst over us, and it seemed as though all the furies 
of hell had broken loose. All our dugouts were washed out and the stream 
was two feet deep in the trenches. It continued till 10 p.m. and then 
cleared a bit, and I turned up my breeches, took off my socks, and waded 
round the company to see how they were, and I was delighted to find them 
in fair spirits. I have never known such a storm in any part of the world, 
and the force of the wind w^as appalling. Well, I hope the authorities 
realise their responsibility in not having fixed us up with head covering, 
and things like gum-boots. 

" 2^th. — The day did not clear and the night set in to rain and snow. 
We did our best to dig away the mud, but as fast as we did so the snow and 
rain filled it up again. Indeed, it was quite impossible to cope with the 
situation. They are evacuating all the sick they can. ... Of course all 
blankets and bedding are soaking. Food has, of course, been mere bully 
and biscuits, with an occasional bit of horrid bacon. I simply can't swallow 
the stuff. How^ever, it was a wonderful bit of work getting rations up 
at all. 

" 2gth. — Were told that some of us had to go up and relieve those in 
the firing-line, and accordingly I and my 3 officers and 100 men dragged up 
there about 2 in the rain and through the mud knee-deep. On the way 
we met numerous cases of men desperately ill, staggering down, and one 
or two had gone mad from exposure. Two fellows had got hold of a bottle 
of rum each and were dead drunk. ... To add to our troubles it has 
started to freeze hard and nobody can feel their feet at all. The whole 
business is rank bad luck. We ought to have been off the Peninsula by 
now. The night watches were perishing. 

" 2,0th. — ^The men are in a very bad state and I have had to send any 
amount down with bad feet and rheumatism. One's clothes, already 
soaking, freeze on one, and the only thing to do is to keep on the move the 
whole time. We have got a certain amount of braziers going in the trenches, 
but it is very hard getting the men any tea or hot food, indeed, almost 
impossible. The nights cannot be described. To add to my troubles I 
have got bad diarrhoea. I hear the Turks are in an awful bad condition, 
and we can see them running about in the open trying to keep warm. 
However, we shoot as many as possible, but some of the rifles are in such a 
condition they won't go off. My feet are agony to walk on. . . ." (Powell.) 

Plans were maturing. Orders for the withdrav.'al of certain guns 
were issued on the 27th November, and a more detailed scheme was issued 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : GALLIPOLI 45 

on the 29th. The evacuation was to be carried out in three stages : (a) the 
prehminary, (b) the intermediate, (c) the final stage. The preUminary 
consisted of the evacuation of stores and a certain proportion of troops. 

There was a rumour that the 53rd Division would be the last to go, 
but troops were so weak that it was decided to send them first. The whole 
division, 217 officers and 4,522 other ranks, embarked on the night of the 
nth December, and sailed for Alexandria. 

The next day orders were issued to push forward the intermediate stage, 
which included the withdrawal of men and guns not actually required for 
the final defence. 

The last stage was carried out during the night iSth/iQth December. 
The battalions holding the line were 6th Loyal North Lancashire, South 
Lancashire (38th Brigade), Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Staffordshire 
(39th Brigade), Cheshire, South Wales Borderers, Royal Welch Fusiliers 
{40th Brigade). 

" lytk December. — My watch was from 4 to 6, and as soon as it 
started rain fell heavily for a couple of hours and made the trenches slippery, 
muddy, and beastly. After that the wind changed round and the rest of 
the day has been lovely and warm. Received our final orders for evacua- 
tion. The bulk of the battalion go to-morrow, 88 men of C Company, 
myself, and Lopp being left behind with the Cheshires to hold the line 
for another twenty-four hours. . . . 

" iSth. — The plans are all altered, and it was decided that I should 
not stay but go down with the rest of the battalion, the line being held 
by the Cheshires and S.W.B.s. We were relieved by the latter at 2, and 
having buried or destroyed everything of value, we left the dear old 
trenches at 5.30 in absolute silence. I had carefully inspected the company 
twice to see that they had nothing on them that could rattle, and their 
mess-tins were tied up in their waterproof sheets. . . . We crept off at 
intervals of about 50 yards between companies, and got down to the beach 
about 7.30 without a casualty. Not a single shell was fired and very few 
stray bullets came across. The beach presented an extraordinary deserted 
appearance. We had to spread over an area of about 400 yards and light 
fires to keep up appearances. There were plenty of spare rations lying 
about, and I collared cases of tinned milk and butter for the company. 

" igth. — I can't describe the relief of having got my company down 
so far without a casualty. They are still shelling the beach, but there is 
fair cover. The men, who are in extraordinarily bad condition, not having 
marched for months, were very tired last night. Taylor and 42 men 
embarked last night as an advance party. I was told off for a fatigue at 



46 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

6 o'clock to load 750 boxes of ammunition and embark with it. I got on 
board the Snowbell transport by 8.30, having loaded the ammunition in 
the record time of sixty-five minutes. To our amazement we were told 
that we were bound for Imbros ! " (Powell.) 

To prevent any suspicion arising in the mind of the enemy all hospital 
tents were left standing, and parties were detailed to set fire to the depot 
stores after the last body of troops had embarked. 

The embarkation was carried out without incident in bright moonlight. 
The sea was smooth, no one hurried, it might have been a peace-time parade. 

The enemy were heard sniping away at the sandbagged trenches in 
entire ignorance that they no longer contained defenders. At 3.50 a.m. 
the last few men were boarding the lighter, and shortly after 4 a.m. the 
weird glare from the burning depot lit up the sky. 

" 20th December. — Got to Imbros about 2, and got up to the camp, 
two miles off, at 3.30, where we discovered a hot meal waiting for us. 
The men were in a bad state of exhaustion, and they don't seem to have 
any reserve power at all. The Gurkhas marched right past us, carrying 
enormous packs, and it made me feel quite ashamed at the state of 
my men." 

Powell and his men sailed for Mudros on the 23rd and " When we got 
on shore we discovered there was a three-mile march to the camp, and as it 
was raining pretty heavily this did not cheer us up. We finally fetched 
up in camp rather bedraggled about 10, and found Glazebrook ^ had 
prepared an excellent breakfast for the officers and men. The camp is a 
neatly-set-out one, surrounded by hills which look wonderfully picturesque 
at dusk and early morning. I share a tent with Stretch and the Adjutant. 
In the afternoon I went to Porticudos, a village about \\ miles off, and 
purchased oranges for the company for to-morrow, and tried to buy various 
other things, but the Greeks are such frightful robbers. A large mail came 
in, but there is a great deal more still to come. 

" 25/^, Christmas Day. — A lovely day and, appropriately enough, 
quite a large mail of letters and parcels turned up. It was delightful 
getting these after so many weeks with no news. Church parade at 10.30. 
The men had plum pudding, and also a free issue of a pint of beer per man. 
There was only enough beer for two companies, so mine got it, as I was 
senior company commander. The only gift I could procure for the men 
was an orange per man. In the evening we had quite a good dinner, 
finishing up with nuts, figs, and oranges. The mincing machine has arrived,, 
so that now the meat is eatable. 

» Quartermaster. 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : GALLIPOLI 47 

" 26th. — . . . Started off early for Thermos to get a bath in the hot 
springs there before the rush came. It is a jolly walk about four miles 
along the valley. There were crowds of ambulance Tommies already there, 
and one or two whole battalions, but I managed to get a bath after waiting 
half an hour, and it was delicious — just the right heat. But best of all, 
afterwards we had two omelettes apiece, honey and biscuits, and really 
good tea, and then a leisurely walk back. I enjoyed the whole thing, 
although I feel I have no energy, and don't want to read or write or walk 
or work ! However, I am very fit and better for the change of food." 
(Powell.) 

The evacuation of Suvla Bay being complete, the next problem was to 
get the troops away from Cape Helles. It was known that the Division 
w^as under orders to take over a sector of the line at Helles, and on the 30th 
our 8th Battalion sailed in the Redbreast. " Disembarked about 10, and 
after a weary march with our heavy packs got to our bivouacs at Gully 
Beach about i a.m., hungry and exhausted." (Powell.) 

In the line they found that nothing had been done " since last July 
by way of improvement, and no attempt has been made to improve the 
road, which is a foot deep in mud. The firing-line is most bewildering, 
but very interesting ; in some places about 15 yards from the Turks and 
nowhere more than 100 feet. The Turkish artillery was active. 

Liman von Sanders tells us that the long-coveted German artillery 
ammunition reached him in November. At the same time an Austrian 
24-cm. mortar battery arrived, and was followed in December by a 15-cm. 
howitzer battery, also manned by Austrians. At the end of November he 
was at work on a plan for an attack on the junction of our Anzac and 
Suvla Bay forces, with the hope of far-reaching results. Fresh troops were 
promised by Turkish Headquarters, and technical troops were to come 
from Germany. Divisions were taken out of the line and practised the 
attack. And then, suddenly, Anzac and Suvla Bay were found to be 
deserted I 

He turned his attention to Helles, or, as he calls it, Sedd el Bahr. 
A plan of attack was prepared, again on the assumption that technical 
troops would be sent from Germany, and that eight Turkish divisions 
would be given him, besides the four already in place. 

Monro's despatch mentions the German ammunition and the extra 
artillery released by our evacuation of Anzac and Suvla, also daring and 
frequent patrolling of our trenches by the enemy, and extra aerial activity. 
The preparations for final evacuation went on. 

On the 7th January General Liman von Sanders ordered the 12th 



48 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

Turkish Division to carr}'- out the attack planned on the left of our line 
at Helles. It almost coincided with the evacuation. Our 8th Battalion 
was " packing up." 

" Had a good sleep until ' stand to ' at 6, and felt all the better for it. 
Hickman was sent up at lo a.m. to command A Company, and so I returned 
to my own company in support about 1 1 . We then got the order to 
send away all packs, blankets, and water-proof sheets, and I sent my 
valise, stuffed full with some of Home's things, and some of those belonging 
to Rigby, a nice little fellow of the Wilts who had been attached to me. 
From 1 1.30 to i they shelled us heavily with big H.E. shells, and we stood 
to arms, as we realised that an attack was pending. Mercifully most of 
my men were away on fatigue, carrying packs down to the beach, and the 
trenches were fairly empty. On the other hand, this made me very anxious, 
as I only had about ten men with me with which to reinforce if called upon. 
Headquarters cooks, orderlies, officers' servants, were sent up to reinforce 
us, and presently also my fatigue men returned in driblets, and we cheered 
them as they arrived. Then the shrapnel started at the rate of about four 
shells a second, and rapid fire started from the firing-line, and I got a 
message from the Worcesters that the attack had started. ... It turned 
out later that the only place where they came out of their trenches was 
opposite the North Staffs, on our left, and not one of them got back to their 
trenches. About 5 everything was quiet, and we were able to think of a 
little food." (Powell.) 

So far as our battalion was concerned, the length of line they held was 
heavily bombarded from midday until 4.30 p.m. Then the rifle fire broke 
out and bayonets could be seen over the Turkish trenches, while Turkish 
officers moved rapidly along the line apparently urging the men to advance. 
On the left of our battalion, on the 39th Brigade front, the Turks did leave 
their trenches, but were easily repulsed. At Fusilier Bluff two mines were 
fired by the Turks, but their efforts w^ere half-hearted and they gained 
nothing. 

Our battalion had about 30 casualties, and the parapets and communica- 
tion trenches were considerably knocked about. 

In the evening the first troops to be evacuated embarked after dark. 

The next night Captain A. P. C. Rees, with a rearguard of 120 N.C.O.s 
and men, held the line until 11.45 p.m., the battalion having left the line 
at 8 p.m. Embarkation was carried out from W Beach. The weather 
was not kind : a stiff breeze got up, and the last few lighter-loads were in 
difficulties for a while. Battalion Headquarters and 300 men were taken 
off in a destroyer which ran for Lemnos, but owing to the sea they sought 




SLVLA BAY. 



[Crown Copijriijht. 




OCEAN BEACH, NOHTII Ol" ANZAC COVE. 



l<.'roiJ'/i C.itfujriijht. 



48] 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : GALLIPOLI 49 

shelter at Imbros, where they were transhipped to a paddle steamer which 
took them safel}' to Lemnos. The whole battalion was collected there by 
noon on the loth — strength slightly over 400, 

There does not seem to have been any of the sanguinary encounters 
reported to General Liman von Sanders ; in spite of the rising sea we were 
away before the Turks knew we were moving. Of course great quantities 
of stores were left, and a few guns, which Sir C. Monro describes as worn 
out, but which were no doubt used by the enemy. 

On the 26th January the 8th Battalion sailed on the s.s. Grampian 
and landed at Port Said on the 30th. 

Perhaps the best comment on the whole business is to quote Liman 
von Sanders : 

" The tribute of tenacious and steadfast prowess cannot be withheld 
from the Turkish troops, of whom at the height of the fighting twenty- 
two divisions stood in the primary and secondary fronts or as reserves 
under the command of the Fifth Army. They had held their ground in 
unnumbered conflicts with a brave enemy who ever renewed his attacks 
and was supported by the fire of his fleet. 

" The total loss of the Fifth Army in the Dardanelles campaign is very 
high, and corresponds to the duration and severity of the fighting. It 
amounted to about 218,000 men, of whom 66,000 were killed ; and of the 
wounded, 42,000 were returned to duty." 

Our casualties, including the Navy, and deaths from disease, were 
1 19,696, of whom 34,072 died. 



IV — 4 



Nov. 



MESOPOTAMIA 

The little expedition known as Force D, which w^as composed of the i6th 
Infantry Brigade, 22nd Company Sappers and Miners, and ist Indian 
Mountain Artillery Brigade, was sent by the Indian Government to the 
head of the Persian Gulf before any declaration of war against Turkey, 
ostensibly to protect our oil interests in Persia, " but in reality to notify 
to the Turks that we meant business and to the Arabs that we were ready 
to support them. . . . With the Arabs on our side a jahad is impossible, 
and our Indian frontier is safe from attack." Troops did not, however, 
land or commit any act of violence until the 6th November 191 4. 

The remainder of the 6th Indian Division (Poona) arrived on the 
13th. 

Under cover of naval guns, Fao was occupied on the 6th November. 
Our landing was feebly opposed; according to a Turkish writer, no 
rifles and 4 guns resisted the British, although some 5,000 men were avail- 
able. Within a few days Basra was occupied and an advanced post was 
established at Qurna, the junction of the Tigris and the Euphrates. 

About the time that Sir Ian Hamilton was landing at Gallipoli, Sir 
John Nixon arrived at Basra (9th April) to take command of a force that 
had swelled to two infantry divisions and one cavalry brigade. By the 
end of May it had moved forward to Amara on the Tigris, and later to 
Nasiriya on the Euphrates. Inevitably the question of an advance on 
Kut was discussed. 

Always caution was recommended. Tireless efforts were being made 
to conciliate Arab tribes, to enlist them on our side — and always a situation 
developed that demanded action. 

From the commencement there seemed to be a lack of firmness in our 
dealings with Turkey, which were complicated by the delicacy of the 
Persian and Indian Frontier situations. 

Also, as an additional confusion to clear vision, our operations against 
Turkey, in this field, were conducted by two Governments linked in the 
person of the Secretary of State for India. Each Government seemed to 
have its hands full, the Home Government with the war in France and 
Flanders, the Indian Government with the North-west Frontier and the 

50 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: MESOPOTAMIA 51 

provision of troops for France. Turkey embarrassed both of them, but 
something had to be done. 

The landing at Suvla Bay coincided with a discussion of Baghdad as 
an objective in Mesopotamia ; and the high hopes of defeating the Turks 
at GalHpoIi had already been shattered when the battle of Kut was fought 
(28th September 191 5). Being then fifty miles from Baghdad, and with an 
estimated force of between eight and nine thousand Turks with some 
thirty guns to oppose us, the Government sanctioned an advance on the 
city. Two Indian divisions were promised from France. 

It was a worried Government that came to this decision. The evacua- 
tion of Gallipoli was already under discussion, with a situation which set 
two hundred thousand Turks free to operate elsewhere. Lord Kitchener 
feared a general rising of Arabs in Egypt combined with a Turkish advance ; 
and the tribes of the North-west Frontier of India were still on the warpath. 

On the 2 2nd/23rd November the Battle of Ctesiphon was fought, 
revealing the Turks in unexpected strength, and leading to the retirement 
of General Townsend's force on Kut (2nd December) and its investment by 
the Turks. 

General Nixon handed over his command to General Lake on the 19th 
January. We had failed in a first attempt to relieve the forces in Kut, 
and were opposed by well-entrenched Turkish troops. One word describes 
the conditions under which the struggle was being carried on — mud 1 

A second attempt at relief was made on the 8th March, and two more 
on the 5th and 22nd April. 

But by this time the Regiment was concerned. 

Our 8th Battalion embarked on the s.s. Grampian, and sailing from 
Lemnos on the 28th January, arrived two days later at Port Said. The 1 3th 
Division took over those defences of the Suez Canal which lay next the sea, 
and training commenced. A bombing school was opened ; this primitive 
weapon was considered important. Within ten days the division was 
under orders for Mesopotamia. 

The work of re-equipping the infantry and artillery brigades was put 
in hand immediately, and in rotation. The division commenced to move 
from Port Said for embarkation at Suez on the 12th February : our batta- 
lion sailed on the s.s. Briton on the 14th. The voyage was uneventful. 

Arriving at Kuwatt Bay on the 24th February the Battalion was 
transhipped to the s.s. Thongwa on the 26th, and proceeded up the Shatt 
el Arab to Basra, where they disembarked at Margill Wharf and encamped 
three and a half miles up the river — this on the 28th. It was the season 



52 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

of flood, and the state of the ground was dreadful. All along the Tigris 
British troops were employed strengthening the banks in a vain endeavour 
to control the swollen river. The mud in the flat country in which they 
were about to operate was as bad as anywhere in France. 

Notes were issued by the Divisional Staff which covered " the offensive 
spirit," " security," " discipline," " march discipline," " fire discipline," 
" inspections," " intelligence," " punctuality," " reconnaissance," 
" signalling," " sanitation," etc., on the lines of the training manuals. 
They dwelt on a condition which prevailed in all theatres of war — the 
waste of equipment. " The indiscriminate waste and loss of articles of 
clothing, equipment, stores, etc., which has prevailed throughout the War 
are necessarily having an adverse effect upon its duration, quite apart from 
the diminution of efficiency in the unit resulting from the deficiency in these 
articles, and it is the duty of subordinate commanders to take steps to 
ensure that such irregularities shall cease. Under certain circumstances 
losses are unavoidable on active service, but the wilful waste of articles 
ranging from supplies, clothing, and equipment down to items such as 
field-glasses, wire cutters, iron rations, or even razors, which are constantly 
carried on the person of the soldier, is inexcusable." 

On the 8th March the battalion started on a voyage up-river in a 
steamer towing two lighters. This was a dreary, tiresome journey, relieved 
by the one exciting adventure of a man falling overboard : he was rescued 
by Private Tellery, a difficult and hazardous adventure in that swift -running 
stream. 

Arriving at Sheikh Saad on the 15th March, the Battalion went into 
camp to wait for the remainder of the division. Here the order was to 
practise bombing, and the instructions followed the official formation 
recommended at that time in France, from which, as a matter of interest, 
the following extracts are taken : 

" The efficient use of grenades as a factor in modern warfare is of such 
immense importance that subordinate commanders are once more reminded 
that it is imperative that grenadiers should not only be most carefully 
selected as regards character, courage, determination, and skill, so that it 
should be the aim and object of ever}^ good soldier to become a grenadier, 
but that the numbers should be constantly maintained at a minimum of 
2 officers and 64 other ranks in reserve to replace casualties. Special con- 
cessions as regards fatigues and other duties should be granted to battalion 
grenadiers at the discretion of the Infantry Brigade Commander." 

The formation recommended was : 

2 bayonet men, to prevent the throwers from being rushed ; 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 53 

2 throwers, each thrower to carry 12 grenades ; 

2 carriers to supply the throwers, each to carry a bucket (if available) 
full of grenades, or as many as could be conveniently carried ; 

I observer, generally a N.C.O., to observe and direct the thrower ; 

I damper, to deal with hostile grenades ; 

4 spare men. 

{Note. — All above to be interchangeable in their duties.) 

If rifle grenades were available, 2 to 4 men firing from the hip were to 
accompany this party. 

Then came : 

Blockers (for advance trench), 10 or 12 ; 

Blockers (for side trench), 2 bayonet men, 2 throwers, followed by 10 or 
12 men, the odd numbers of which carried 12 grenades, and the even 
numbers shovels. As many blocking parties as there were side trenches 
were to be detailed. 

Then came : 

Clearers, 4, each to carry 12 grenades to clear dugouts ; a main body, 
from 50 to 200, to garrison and consolidate all ground gained, odd numbers 
carrying 12 grenades, even numbers a shovel ; a rear party of 4 to 6 
grenadiers, each with 12 grenades, to prevent the party being cut off by 
the enemy working behind. 

All men, excepting grenade throwers, were to carry 10 empty sandbags 
tucked into the belt. 

The whole of this period is covered by Captain Powell's interesting 
diary, including the journey up the Tigris, but not in the same ship as the 
battalion. He was on leave at Cairo, and sailed from Suez on the 26th 
February. The ship reached the mouth of the Tigris on the loth March. 

" We started up the river about midday, being kept owing to the tide. 
Two hospital ships passed us to-day. The river is about \ mile wide here, 
the banks being very green with cactus plants and palms. The country is 
very flat. We passed a large town with an unpronounceable name, but 
important owing to the oil works there, and anchored in midstream about 
six. 

" iith March. — Left in the afternoon about two and got to our final 
anchorage about seven in the evening and stayed on board all night. 

" i2th. — We were on board all day, but the Military Landing Officer 
came on board and told us we should not disembark until to-morrow 
morning. From this officer we got some very interesting news. There 
has been an action during the last few days in which we lost 2,000 casualties 
but apparently gained our object, a force under Gorringe crossing the river 



54 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

to the left and marching to a spot only 6 miles from Kut, where Townsend 
is bottled up. [This refers to General Kembalis attack on the Diijaila 
Redoubt on the 8th March."] They are in communication with him, and are 
able to drop mule-meat and money to him from aeroplanes. The Arab 
menace is apparently serious, and there is a large horde within striking 
distance of Basra, but they are kept in check by a bribe of a lakh of rupees 
a month. On the other hand, the Arabs on the right (Persia) side of the 
river are friendly. 

" iT,th. — Landed about midday and were able to make several useful 
purchases at the Ordnance. We learnt through the telephone that the 
battalion have gone on, but that there are still a few of the 40th Brigade 
at Maheena Camp, about two miles north of the town. After a little 
shopping in the quaint town called Asher, we went by bellum (a cross 
between a punt and a canoe) to Maheena, and were then directed to Margill 
Camp, where we discovered about 100 of the Wilts and a few officers who 
were very good to us. The Colonel and I and Brown slept in a large tent, 
and I was very glad to get to bed, as I had a splitting livery headache, 
owing to my first day in a sun-helmet. We were not able to get a meal all 
day, but fed on buns and chocolate purchased in Asher. I wish I had my 
revolver, as it is not safe to wander about without one, and there have 
been several cases of murder and mutilation by the Arabs. We go up the 
river to-morrow. 

" 14th. — Felt much better for my night's rest, but the ground felt hard 
after sleeping on soft beds. Went into Asher again by bellum with the 
Colonel and purchased some food to help down the rations and enough to 
last us till we catch up the battalion, which ought to be in five days' time. 
We bought tinned milk, butter, fruit, mugs, plates, biscuits, etc. We came 
aboard the river paddle-boat about 3. There is barely room to turn 
round. The officers are in the fore part of the deck, about 30 feet square, 
and the 400 men occupy the rest. There are lighters attached to each side 
of the boat containing horses, mules, etc., and the whole cavalcade looks 
weird. There is a good awning over the ship, and I have my deck-chair. 
We did not get off till about 7 o'clock, and then, after a scratch meal, 
settled down for the night, each having enough room to lie down and no 
more. 

" 15//^. — Woke about 7, and washing was rather a farce. There is 
one bathroom, but as thirty clamour for it at the same time it is hardly 
worth trying for. It was dull all day, and there is no room to move about. 
I had two quite good games of bridge. About 5 o'clock we passed the 
tomb of the Prophet Ezra. It had a wonderful dome of turquoise-blue 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: MESOPOTAMIA 55 

tiles. The colour is wonderful, and I believe they are unable to produce 
work like it nowadays, as the secret is lost. The tomb must be very old. 
The country is very bare and marshy, and we frequently stick on the mud. 

" i6th. — Had a very unpleasant night. It rained hard and everything 
got soaked. The mosquitoes are beginning to appear. I spent most of 
the da}^ on the awning with Murphy, the Wilts Adjutant, with whom I 
have many friends in common. We bought eggs from the Arabs in the 
morning at prices ranging from 9 to 16 a rupee. The Arab children are 
most amusing, running about stark naked. It is great fun to watch them 
scramble for pennies. We made poor progress to-day owing to the river 
winding in and out, and we stuck in the mud every half-hour. We tied up 
about 6.30, as last night, and put out a small outpost to guard against 
thieving Arabs. I stretched my legs on shore for half an hour after 
supper. 

" I'jth. — Reached Amara, our immediate base, about 2.30, and tied up 
there for the night. The bazaar was most picturesque and amusing. 
They have a large pontoon bridge across the river there, which swings 
open when anything wants to pass. The Arabs seem very friendly, but 
they are treacherous brutes. 

" iZth. — Left Amara this morning with a heavy gale against us, and 
it was cold and unpleasant, and we made bad time. 

" igth. — Better weather during the day, but there was a fierce thunder- 
storm in the night. 

" 20th. — Arrived at our destination about midday, and found the 
division encamped at a place called Sheikh Saad. At night we have 
outposts in trenches all round the camp, which is about seven miles from 
the firing-line, and native cavalry patrol the district during the day. About 
6 yesterday a large Arab patrol chased one of our Indian patrols, who were 
trying to draw them into our outposts, but they merely exchanged a few 
shots and disappeared. 

" 21 St. — For some reason I slept rottenly. Jackals howled round the 
camp all night, and you could hear the faint booming of the guns now and 
then. About midnight I heard a certain amount of machine-gun fire, 
but I don't know what caused it ; probably one of our outposts on the other 
side of the river firing at an Arab patrol. 

" 22nd. — Had a brigade route-march and practice attack. One of 
our flank guards got into touch with a Turkish patrol, but no damage was 
done, although several shots were exchanged." 

It was a strange situation which awaited the arrival of the 1 3th Division. 
After their Gallipoli experience the officers and men might well have 



56 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

considered that Mesopotamia presented at least plenty of elbow-room. 
The known situation they had left on the peninsula, with its deep nullahs 
and rugged escarpments, and the limited plain encircled by hills, explained 
the trench fighting, the bombing, the hand-to-hand fighting ; but looking 
at the map of Mesopotamia, there was excuse for supposing they might 
find ample room for manoeuvre. It was not so. The country was flat ; 
the season of the year was the time of flood, when the Tigris overflowed 
its banks and vast areas became swamps, and the lack of sufficient trans- 
port pinned the British forces down to the course of the river. These two 
conditions combined to create a situation quite similar to that in France, 
where the sea and the Swiss frontier enclosed a definite defensive line : the 
Turks, astride the Tigris, had their flanks secured on swamps and marshes ; 
there was by no means unlimited elbow-room, and trench warfare, sapping, 
and bombing must be a prelude to advance. 

The 13th Division arrived at a critical moment. On the loth March 
the Turkish Commander, Halil Pasha, wrote to General Townsend, 
pointing out the futile efforts that had been made to relieve him, and sug- 
gested surrender. General Townsend had to face the exhaustion of his 
food-supplies about the middle or end of April. Time was, therefore, 
short. 

A vain hope, constantly recurring in the early days of the War, especially 
on the Western Front, that the Russians, who in this distant country had 
troops in the neighbourhood of Erzerum and at Karind, in Western Persia, 
might do the job for us, was fluttering through the conferences between 
India, London, and Expeditionary Force D. But this unavoidable side- 
show was becoming an operation of importance, insisting on recognition, 
with disconcerting demands for the diversion of troops and supplies from 
the main theatre of war where the final decision, it was thought, would be 
won. Action was imperative. 

General Gorringe, in command of the operations for the relief of Kut, 
planned to take Hannah, on the left bank of the Tigris, with the 13th 
Division supported by the 7th. He would then take Abu Rumman, on 
the right bank, with the 3rd Division, which movement would be followed 
by the capture of Sannaiyat on the left bank. This preliminary operation 
should be concluded by the 8th April : the next step would be the actual 
relief of Kut. Meanwhile, the water-level of the river rose and fell, at times 
in an unexpected manner. 

On the night 31st March/ ist April the 13th Division was ordered 
forward to take over trenches held by the 7th Division in front of Hannah. 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 57 

RELIEF OF KUT : THIRD ATTEMPT. 
Action of Fallahiya, 5th April, 1916. 

" 2^th March. — Have got the news that in the very near future we are 
to make a frontal attack upon the enemy's position on the right bank of 
the river. We are to be in the front line and to start the assault without 
a preliminary bombardment, so as to create a surprise. From information 
received we appear to have three times as many guns as the enemy ^ — 
140 to 40. In addition, batteries of machine guns will cover our advance 
on each flank. On paper everything reads perfectly, and everyone hopes 
that this time we shall succeed in getting them on the run. Everything 
is to be kept secret as long as possible. We have never before been over the 
parapet and attacked trenches, so there is a lot of practice. I hope to 
goodness their barbed wire is not strong. The artillery will try to smash 
this up on previous nights. Well, we have got the real thing at last, and 
pray heaven we succeed and behave ourselves creditably. 

" Went out on night operations, and on our return about 11 o'clock 
heard that we have to go up to the trenches to-morrow with the CO. in 
a monitor which leaves Sheikh Saad village at 8.15. I had meant to lie 
long and have a late breakfast. Such is life I 

" 26th. — A very tiring day. The monitor was a very small one and got 
us up to Hannah about 10.30. Then we had a three-mile walk up to the 
trenches, very hot work. The trenches are good ones, but dug in a great 
hurry, and so are not very elaborate and comfortable. The 7th Division 
(Indian) are sapping forward and getting our front line as near the enemy 
as possible. They hope to get within 100 yards. Having examined the 
trenches, we ate our frugal meal about 2.30 and walked back, reaching the 
monitor well tired out. 

" lyth. — No further details. Practised bayonet charges all day ! 
The men still seem feeble and weak and slow on their pins, but I hope they will 
come up to the scratch all right when the day comes. 

" 2?>th. — The CO. on parade this morning informed the battalion as a 
whole what was in front of them. Apparently we are to creep out of the 
trenches before dawn and attack at the first streak. Everything depends on 
the surprise being effected. We practised getting out of trenches with 
fixed bayonets to-night, and everything went off quite well. Our main 
objective seems to be to take two lines of enemy trenches, and, if we can do 

' A fairly accurate estimate. General Gorringe had an effective strength of just over 30,000 
rifles and 127 guns. The Turkish strength, from their own and German accounts, both vague, was 
18,000 rifles and from 80 to go guns. 



58 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

this with comparatively Httle loss, to push straight on to relieve General 
Townsend at Kut, 20 miles farther on. 

" 2gth. — Had a great practice attack on a facsimile of the enemy 
trenches procured by means of a photo from an aeroplane. Plans have 
been slightly changed, and the Wilts are to take the first trench and the 
R.W.F. the second — a far more difficult and dangerous job. 

" 30//1. — ^All operations are put off twenty-four hours. 

" 31s/. — Packed everything up during the day. My company was 
doing advance guard, and were to have started at 7.15, but a thunderstorm 
came on, and we did not move until 9. It was still raining hard and the 
ground was in a horrible state, and it was 1 1 o'clock before the long 
column, wdth guns and transport, finally got on the move. 

"is/ April. — It was 5.30 before the brigade struggled into Orah Camp 
in an exhausted condition. It was a pitch-dark night, and rendered worse 
by blinding lightning, so that one's eyes could not get used to the darkness 
properly. We stuck to the telephone poles all the way, and the ground 
was in a ghastly state of slippery mud. Got no sleep all day, and it rained 
so hard that we could not get up to the trenches as was intended. 

" 2nd. — Had a real good sleep, and mercifully by the morning the rain 
had stopped. I went down to the river to superintend the landing of luggage 
from lighters. This took all morning. We finally paraded at 6,30 and 
moved to the trenches at 7. The assault has again had to be put off" 
twenty-four hours owing to the state of the ground. We got up to the 
trenches at 1 1, and a tiresome journey it was. 

" ird. — Got very little sleep, as it was so cold and my blanket did 
not arrive. The trenches are frightfully uncomfortable, with no room to 
do anything, and not enough water to wash. In fact, we are in the midst 
of the old discomforts again, and they are at their worst. We had to move 
off to the left in the evening to give the 39th Brigade room. It rained about 
5, and a thunderstorm got up about 10 and spoilt all our night for us." 

The country through which our battalion was about to advance was 
the old Babylonian Plain, which lies below the high-water level of the Tigris 
and Euphrates. At that time of j^ear, that is between March and May, 
the temperature is moderate and the rainfall slight ; the floods are caused 
by the melting of the snow in the Caucasus and the hills of Asia Minor. 

The first stage of the march, undertaken at night, was to Orah, and 
just after our battalion started a heavy thunderstorm burst which made 
the sandy soil slippery and greasy, added to which many water-cuts had 
to be crossed, with consequent delays to the transport : the march was, 



1916 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



59 



therefore, slow and 
wearisome. The batta- 
lion bivouacked in the 
early hours of the 
morning. 

The next day they 
crossed over the Tigris 
by a bridge of boats, 
and took over a section 
of the trenches. Here 
they remained until the 
night of the 4th April, 
when they took up their 
battle position. 

The division was 
extended with the 38th 
Brigade on the right, 
39th centre, 40th on the 
left. Each brigade at- 
tacked with one batta- 
lion ; in the 40th 
Brigade the Wiltshire 
were in the first line 
and our battalion in 
immediate support. The 
orders were to occupy a 
position at Fallahiya, 
with advanced troops as 
far forward as possible 
with a view to attacking 
the Sannaiyat line. 

The advance com- 
menced at 4.55 a.m. on 
the 5th April in absolute 
silence and without 
artillery preparation. 
But three minutes later 
the artillery opened on 
the enemy's third line 
»of trenches. 




v.v 

CO ^ \^\\ -^"^-f^. 

4 



6o RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

The Wiltshire found the first line of trenches unoccupied. Our battalion 
in rear then passed through the Wiltshire and advanced on the second line : 
this also was found unoccupied. But here, according to orders, there 
should have been a pause while the artillery bombarded the third line. 
The absence of opposition, however, seems to have caused confusion and 
doubt ; a mixed body of men of various regiments pressed on and ran 
into the fire of our own guns. 

Where officers could retain control, men remained in the second line. 
But Captain Powell, seeing the disaster in front of him, left the shelter 
of the trench and, running forward, attempted to turn the men back. He 
reached the third line, which was by that time full of men, and, sitting on 
the parapet, tried to signal to the artillery observers with a bit of rag on a 
stick. He w^as struck down by one of our own shrapnel bullets. Many of 
the men succeeded in getting back to the second line ; some remained 
unscathed through our bombardment. At 5.35 a.m. the artillery Hfted 
and the third line was finally occupied. 

This unfortunate accident left our battalion much scattered and dis- 
organised. Indefatigable Colonel Hay gathered the bulk of his men 
together again. 

After a pause of a couple of hours, the 40th Brigade was ordered to 
advance while the other two brigades re-formed. Our battalion then fell 
back to the third line in the advance. The leading troops came under 
rifle fire and machine-gun fire, but secured the position ordered — in fact^ 
they were about 700 yards beyond it. 

It appeared from statements made by the few prisoners captured that 
the Turks had evacuated their lines because of the floods, but they were 
in full force in front of the 40th Brigade, so much so that when General 
Maude ordered the 38th and 39th Brigades to move up on the right and 
left of the 40th Brigade, they were pinned to the ground several hundred 
yards in rear by the volume of Turkish fire. 

Nothing more could be done that day. Squeezed in between river 
and marsh, there was no alternative to a frontal attack over ground devoid 
of cover. Also it was an exceedingly hot day and the distorting mirage 
was strong. The total advance that had been made was about six miles. 
The transport had accompanied the brigade, but machine guns, ammunition, 
tools, grenades, sandbags, artillery screens, and red marking-flags were 
all carried forward by hand. Each man had carried 220 rounds of ammu- 
nition, 2 Mills grenades, 3 sandbags, a pick or shovel, and 2 days' 
rations. 

At dusk, about 7.30 p.m., the 38th and 39th Brigades were able to 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 6i 

move, and passing over the 40th rushed and secured the Fallahiya position. 
Our battaUon then bivouacked on the river-bank. 

First Attack on Sanxaiyat, 6th April. 

The captured position was taken over that night by the 21st Brigade 
of the /th (Indian) Division, reHef not being completed until after midnight. 
A lot of movement was taking place during the night. The 7th Division 
had been ordered to assault, at 4.55 a.m. on the 6th, the left of the Turkish 
position, which they were to turn. The rapid rising and falling of flood 
water had created what appeared to be a favourable situation — the water 
from the Suwaikieh Marsh had receded, and the brigades of the 7th Division 
were to slip in between the marsh and the Turkish trenches. The whole 
of the 7th Division was therefore on the move, the 21st Brigade to relieve 
the 13th Division, and the 19th and 28th Brigades to gain a position from 
which to assault before dawn. To guide them in their night march, the 
two latter brigades were to keep their left on a communication trench and 
a flood bank. 

Briefly, the movement was unhappy from the start. Delay was caused 
by meeting the units of the 1 3th Division coming out of the line, and also 
the wounded (the casualties had been 1,868 in the 13th Division). There 
were, too, a number of ditches across the line of advance, and several 
times brigades lost themselves, in spite of the guiding bank. At dawn the 
attacking brigades were uncertain of their position, but they advanced 
" into the blue," were badly cut up by rifle and machine-gun fire, and were 
held about 400 yards from the Turkish trenches. 

General Gorringe, in command of the relieving force (with General 
Townsend's time-limit in his mind), ordered the attack to be renewed 
during the night of the 6th/7th, the 7th Division to be reinforced by the 
40th Brigade. The 40th Brigade, therefore, moved forward to the Fallahiya 
position, our battalion occupying some of the old Turkish trenches. Before 
the troops had got into position, however, the trenches occupied by the 
7th Division were inundated by the rapidly rising Tigris, aided by a north- 
west wind, and had to be evacuated. The attack was cancelled. 

Second Attack on Sannaiyat, 9th April. 

After a good deal of conferring and some reconnoitring — which opened 
the possibility of crossing the marsh — General Gorringe decided to attack 
on the 9th with the 13th and 7th Divisions. Our battalion received the 
orders at 3 p.m. on the 8th, and that evening, about 8.30, marched out of 



62 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

camp and took up a position already marked out some 800 yards from the 
enemy lines. 

The formation for the attack, ordered by the 13th Division, after 
consultation with the three Brigadiers, was battalions in mass, but with 
platoons in single rank — the men would be shoulder to shoulder, with 
50 yards between lines. Each man would carry 200 rounds of ammunition ; 
magazines would be charged, but rifles were not to be loaded. 

The night was very still, not a shot being fired ; but it was excessively 
cold, and by dawn the men were thoroughly chilled. 

At 4.20 a.m. on the 9th the whole division commenced to move forward 
in quick time, with orders to break into a double when within charging 
distance of the Turkish trench. The line of battle for the 40th Brigade was 
8th Cheshire, 8th Royal Welch Fusiliers, 4th South Wales Borderers, and 
5th Wiltshire ; on their right was the 38th Brigade, and the 39th (with only 
three battalions) was in reserve. The orders were to go through to the third 
line of Turkish trenches. 

The attack failed miserably. Flares from the enemy lines revealed 
this mass of men advancing, and immediately fire was opened on them. 
The assaulting troops wavered, lost direction, and eventually broke — a few 
got into the Turkish line, but were bombed out after a short stay. The 
rapidly growing light of day revealed a situation of the utmost confusion. 
The mass of infantry in lines had been stirred until not only battalions 
but brigades were inextricably mixed. In our battalion no attempt could 
be made to reorganise until dusk. At 7.30 a.m. Lieutenant-Colonel Hay 
went to the 40th Brigade Headquarters and announced that the attack 
had failed. The wildest rumours had been circulated, even that the attack 
had been successful, which had caused General Gorringe to order the 7th 
Division to move forward in pursuit ! 

The whole plan was based on the assumption that it was possible 
to assault the enemy line by surprise. There was no preliminary artillery 
fire, but the artillery behind the division were to be ready to fire on the 
flanks of the objective, and the artillery on the right bank on the rear lines 
of the Turkish trench system ; the machine guns of the 3rd Division, on 
the other side of the river, were to fire on certain portions of the objective, 
and those of the 7th Division were only to fire on the Turkish left if the 
enemy opened fire. 

All day long the Turks kept up a continuous sniping fire, directed 
against any movement — including stretcher-bearers, who were gathering 
in the wounded. At dusk efforts were made to reorganise. By midnight 
rather less than half of the 40th Brigade had been found. The 38th and 39th 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 63 

Brigades were withdrawn, leaving the 40th to hold the line with their left on 
the river. 

The next day (loth) there was a severe hailstorm, accompanied by a 
strong wind. The bund broke in places, and water from the Suwaikieh 
Lake flooded some of the front trenches held by our battalion. 

On the nth the 40th Brigade was relieved, and our battalion went 
into bivouac near Fallahiya. 

General Gorringe then decided to transfer his efforts to the right bank 
of the Tigris. Once more the forces of Nature intervened on the side of 
the Turks — fresh snow was seen on the Persian hills, and the shifting waters, 
from marsh and river, moved across the front of the 3rd Division. Still, 
a little progress was made, and Bait Isa was occupied. 

Action of Bait Isa (Aissa), i7th/i8th April. 

The garrison in Kut had reached the last stages of resistance ; General 
Townsend had cut their rations to the lowest possible amount, but even 
so supplies could only last a few days. Preparations were made for a final 
effort by the relieving force. The attack was to be renewed by the 3rd 
Division, supported by the 13th, which was moved on the i6th to the right 
bank of the Tigris. Actually the 40th Brigade moved at 4 a.m. on the 17th 
and took up a position near Abu Rumman Mount, in reserve. 

The first phase of the attack was successful. The 3rd Division, advanc- 
ing under a protective bombardment, jumped into the Turkish trenches, 
captured some 180 prisoners and 8 machine guns. The 7th, 8th, and 9th 
Brigades consolidated the line, and the 13th Division was ordered to 
relieve them at dusk, when they would concentrate for a further advance. 

Under the expectation of early relief some of the units of the 3rd 
Indian Division allowed their reserve of small-arm ammunition to remain 
low — owing to the flooded state of the country transport was difficult to 
arrange, but, on the other hand, the 3rd Division had a diff'erent mark of 
ammunition, and could not use any that the relieving units might bring 
into the line — and when, about 6.30 p.m., the advanced troops discovered 
that the Turks were concentrating for an attack, it was too late to make up 
deficiencies. 

The Turkish artillery opened on the British lines, and at 7 o'clock 
the Turkish infantry assaulted. 

Some parts of our line gave way under the weight of this attack, 
which was repeated and continued through the night. Our battalion 
was not involved. The 38th and 39th Brigades moved forward in close 



64 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

support, the 40th moved from Abu Rumman towards the Narrows. It 
was an anxious night of much confusion. 

By 6 a.m. on the i8th all was once more quiet. The Turks had gained 
some trenches ; masses of their dead cumbered the ground ; insignificant 
as was their gain of terrain, they had succeeded in postponing any further 
British advance. 

During the day the 13th Division relieved the 3rd Indian Division, the 
39th Brigade relieved the troops north of Twin Pimples, and the 40th 
took over a thousand yards of line south of that place, our battalion being 
on the left of the brigade, and there they remained for the rest of the 
month while attempts were made to eject the enemy from various positions 
on the right and left banks of the river (a third attack was delivered against 
Sannaiyat on the 22nd April). Kut was surrendered on the 29th. 

Our battalion was now weak. The casualty return for the month 
of April gives 4 officers killed (including Captain S. Powell, G. L. Sinnett- 
Jones, and 2nd Lieutenant A. Birch), 2 died of wounds, 16 wounded, and 3 
missing ; and of other ranks 27 killed, 4 died of wounds, 241 wounded, and 
32 missing. 

During the first days of May — the 3rd and 4th on our battalion front — 
Turkish parties, under a flag of truce, were allowed to bury their dead. 
A general feeling of depression descended on the troops, at what seemed 
to them with the fall of Kut the end of their efforts. The Turks evacuated 
their front-line system, and on the 19th May two battalions of the 40th 
Brigade went forward and occupied the Chahela line. On the 20th our 
battalion was relieved by the 8th Gurkhas of the 20th Brigade and went 
into rest-camp at Mason's Mounds. 

For several days the temperature was 108 degrees in the shade. The 
approach of summer put an end to active operations, and on the 28th our 
battalion marched to Orah, thence on the 29th to Sheikh Saad, where they 
encamped on practically the same ground as in March. 

And here they remained through the months of June, July, and 
August. " Constant fatigue parties were called for almost daily to unload 
stores from steamers and lighters ; in addition, the guard duties were 
extremely heavy. . . . Nothing occurred to call for special mention. In 
their turn the battalion furnished escorts for supply columns to Sodom, 
and also garrisons for outlying blockhouses. With a view to Sheikh 
Saad being ultimately held by only two battalions, a line of blockhouses 
connected with barbed wire was commenced. On 25th August orders to 
move to Amara — transport animals and horses belonging to the battalion 
left with the remainder of mounted troops. . . . Moved camp to the 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 65 

river bank on 7th [September]. A steamer came alongside on the 12th. 
On 13th embarked, and battalion left at 5.45 a.m. The river was very- 
low in places, and there were numerous sandbanks. The steamer got 
stuck a few miles below Sheikh Saad for over seven hours. Tied up for the 
night. Arrived at Amara at 7.30 p.m. on 14th. Camp pitched 15th. 
A great reduction of temperature was noticeable from the middle of the 
month." (Battalion Diary.) 

The strength of the battalion at the end of October was 20 officers 
and 685 other ranks. 



During these months of inaction through the hottest part of the 
year, when the temperature was 120 degrees in the shade, many and far- 
reaching changes were made. The conditions under which D Force was 
fighting — especially questions of supply and medical organisation — were 
the subject of an inquiry by the Home Government. It revealed an 
unsatisfactory state of affairs. The decision arrived at earlier in the year 
that the War Office would take over control of the operations in Mesopotamia 
had been misunderstood at least by Mr. Austen Chamberlain (Secretary 
of State), either through inadequate discussion or a badly worded order ; 
at all events, divided responsibility still existed, the direction of the opera- 
tions being with the War Office in London and the administration of the 
Force being with India. In future the Commander-in-Chief in India 
was to be responsible to the Army Council in London for the administration 
of the Force, and was to be assisted by officers appointed by the Army 
Council. 

A general shifting of command took place. General Gorringe, com- 
manding the Tigris Corps, was succeeded by General Maude, whose com- 
mand of the 1 3th Division was taken over by General W. de S. Cayley on 
the nth July. In August General Maude succeeded General Lake as 
Chief in Command of D Force. 

These were matters easily decided ; more difficult was the policy to be 
followed. The costly, straightforward, battering-ram effort of the Somme 
was in progress in France. The Chief of the Imperial General Staff (Sir 
William Robertson) stated bluntly that no additional units could be sent 
to Mesopotamia. No help could be expected from Russia, for the weak 
force under General Baratoff, in the neighbourhood of Kermanshah, 
had retired at the end of June before a superior force of Turks and continued 
to do so through the next months. The Chief of the Imperial General 
Staff was clearly out of sympathy with the whole enterprise. He asked 

IV— 5 



66 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



Dec. 



what D Force was doing there, and that he himself should clearly understand 
what the polic}" of His Majesty's Government was. 

Sir William Robertson wired to General Maude his opinion that " We 
must concentrate all possible strength in main theatres. No appreciable 
effect on the War would be produced even if we could later occupy Baghdad, 
and before attempting to go there we must be strong enough to defeat 
without doubt all enemy concentrations feasible. We cannot hope to do 
this." He wished to withdraw the line to Amara. " Anything is better 
than continuing the present difficult, costly, and objectiveless plan." 

Oil 1 Was that the only object ? An army of a hundred thousand 

men wasting with fever 
to protect the oil-fields 1 
General Maude and 
Sir Beauchamp Duff 
pointed out that D 
Force was on the flank 
of a possible road to 
India, via Persia. And 
Sir William Robertson 
replied, " Although it is 
realised the Force is in- 
directly doing more to 
secure Persia than merely 
holding up some 20,000 
Turks in the vicinity of 
Kut, we ought to derive 
greater value than we 
have hitherto from the 
large force employed." He proceeded to lay down the mission of D Force 
as decided by the Government on the 28th September. 

The Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force was to protect the oil-fields 
and pipe lines in the vicinity of the Karun River ; maintain our occupation 
and control of the Basra vilayet ; deny the enemy access to the Persian 
Gulf and Southern Persia. The question of an advance on Baghdad was 
still left undecided, but when possible British influence was to be extended 
over the Baghdad vilayet. 

General Monro was sent to report on the situation, and upheld the 
local view. General Maude was given a certain range of freedom. A 
concentration of the Army for further active operations was completed on. 
the Tigris on the iith December. 




ICerrptdieut-GtnerdA.S.Cotbt) 
S'-^Divn (Maj-Gfti Hdl/Kearu) 
7** Vivn (MajGfn V B.F«n«) 
AsTTid^ tht Ti^rui in Front of 
5»rnaiyat on th» If ft bank to thf 
Dujoila Rf doubt on tht nOht bank. 

in G>rpS IMaiCmeralVFMarsl\al\) 

n-'-Bivn (MacCfn FEXOclon) 
earned thihne aton^ tjw Dufiila 
dtprtiiion 



15 - Divn. Croup Htadqaanm 
(MajGtnHTBrookmy 



Ortachnunt (Cdorwl L N yonshuitand) / 



ig*^ November 191 6 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA ^y 

The March to the Hai. 

Our battalion remained at Abu Shitaib Camp, Amara, until the 28th 
November. During this time there was a marked decrease in the sick- 
rate, which was attributed to the fall in temperature, better rations, and fewer 
guard duties and fatigues. But the battalion was not idle — training was 
carried out regularly ; there was a rifle range and a grenade range available 
on certain days of the week, and field work was also carried out. They 
were carefully nursed by Lieutenant-Colonel Hay, a feeling of confidence 
was established — the men felt fit. 

On the 28th the battalion marched out of camp and took the road for 
Twin Canals, arriving at Sheikh Saad on the 6th December and Twin 
Canals on the 7th. 

The I Corps had the 7th Indian Division on the left bank of the Tigris, 
and the 3rd Indian Division on the right bank from opposite Sannaiyat 
to the Nasifiya canal. The III Corps carried on the line on the right bank 
to the vicinity of Atab wdth the 14th Indian Division in the line and the 
13th Division concentrated at Imam al Mansur. Our battalion marched 
to this last place on the 13th December. 

In order to deceive the enemy, all tents were left standing during the 
concentration. And on the 14th the I Corps, on the left bank, were to 
bombard the Sannaiyat positions and do all that was possible to make the 
Turks believe an assault was about to be launched on their first system of 
trenches. The duty of the III Corps was to occupy a line from the Calf's 
Head to the Hai, and thence to a point north-west of Basrugiya. 

At 3 a.m. on the 14th the 13th Division commenced the advance.^ 
Our battalion, after moving to the point of deployment with the 40th 
Brigade, proceeded independently to seize a small redoubt north-west of 
Atab, on the Hai, and cover the crossing of the 5th Wiltshire lower down 
the river. 

Excitement was tense. Bayonets were fixed, and the orders were 
to charge into the fort and take the garrison by surprise. But a reconnoit- 
ring patrol soon reported that the fort had been abandoned by the enemy. 
Not a Turk was seen. Dawn broke and revealed the River Hai with a 
trickle of water in it. A bridge was thrown over below Atab. For the 
rest of the day the battalion was strung out about 2,000 yards north of 
Atab, in front of the 38th Brigade, and when night fell was withdrawn into 
reserve. 

1 The Divisional Artillery engaged were the 55th R.F.A. Brigade (12 guns), 66th R.F.A. Brigade 
(16 guns), A/69th Howitzer Battery (4 howitzers), 72nd Battery K.G.A. (4 howitzers). 



68 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



Dec. 



The next day our battalion remained in line while the cavalry probed 
the country ahead. But on the i6th the whole of the III Corps crossed the 
Hai, our battalion taking over a line about Besouia and digging trenches 
through the night. Everything was quiet. C Company occupied a small 
hill in advance of the line on the 1 7th, and after nightfall the battalion was 
withdrawn to Umm as Saad as divisional reserve. 

The Attempt to Cross the Tigris above Kut. 

During the next two days a slight redistribution was effected in the 
III Corps. The 13th Division was astride the Hai with the 38th Brigade on 






LnamMahdi 




o haded portion 
ntish situation 7-5o>im 
w-'J' Dec 1916 



the east bank and the 39th on the west ; the 36th Brigade (14th Indian 
Division) was on the left of the 39th. A column was assembled, consisting 
of the 7th Cavalry Brigade, the 40th Infantry Brigade, B/55th Field Battery, 
a section of the 88th Field Company, and the Bridging Train. This column 
was given as an objective the Brick-kilns on the Husaini Bend, and their 
orders were to secure a crossing and throw a bridge across the Tigris. 

Marching first in a south-westerly direction, to escape shell fire, twelve 
miles were covered before the column reached the objective. The cavalry 
found the Turks on the alert, but the infantry dropped into the dry bed 
of the canal and approached the bank of the Tigris under ideal cover. 

At 11.30 a.m. the Cheshire Regiment was ordered to the east of the 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 69 

canal, while our battalion lined the bank of the Tigris, with A, B, and C 
Companies from the Brick-kilns to the canal. 

Supported by the fire of the two battalions, the Bridging Train 
attempted to launch a pontoon. The fire from the Turks was too severe — ■ 
in a moment, out of the 29 men employed, 10 were hit (Captain Piers 
IMostjm w^as badly wounded in our battalion) — and it was decided to attempt 
a crossing higher up. Before this could be proceeded wdth, however, a 
telegram from General Maude ordered General Crocker to withdraw his 
column unless a crossing had been effected before receipt of the message. 

Shortly after 2 p.m. General Crocker withdrew his troops, but the move- 
ment required care, and the concentration was not complete until 5 p.m. 
The column then marched about six miles and bivouacked in the desert. 

Considering the nature of the operation — and the strength of the enemy, 
which was estimated at 350 — the casualties were small : 54 for the column. 
Our battalion had Captains Mostyn and Gibby and Lieutenant Owen 
wounded, 2 other ranks killed, and 9 wounded. 

The next day the battalion took over a bit of line from the 7th Glouces- 
tershire, which they occupied until the 29th. It was peaceful. Patrols 
went out every night, but found no sign of the enemy within a mile and a 
half of the line. 

The wet weather had set in, and the line to the west of the Hai was 
shortened. The 40th Brigade was withdrawn on the 30th. 

As an indication of the conditions of this campaign, the casualty 
return for the month gives 3 officers wounded, 2 men killed and 7 wounded, 
3 men died of wounds, i man missing, and 102 men sick. 



THE BATTLE OF KUT, 1917. 
9TH JANUARY-24TH February. 

The rainy season now set in. Lieutenant-Colonel Hay notes on the 
6th December the " first rain, except slight shower on 5th November, since 
April. Gentle rain the whole day, making ground very difficult for wheeled 
traffic." It rained for days on end, with an occasional break of a day or 
two. The mud was appalling. 

Although no major movement could be undertaken, by the end of 
December the infantry were established on the bank of the Tigris opposite 
Kut, with the Turks entrenched in the bend of the Hai where it runs into 
the Tigris. The Hai had become a river of considerable depth, and several 
bridges across it had become impassable. 



70 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Jan. 

General Maude planned to clear the right bank of the Tigris, and to 
commence his operations by seizing the position known as the Khudhaira 
Bend. The attack was ordered on the 9th January, and was to be under- 
taken by the 8th and 9th Brigades, 3rd Indian Division. 

From the ist to the 8th January our battalion remained in camp, 
in reserve, providing large fatigue parties to cut brushwood for the making 
of a road to Imam ; it was, however, a relief to have a fixed camp after 
the continual moving throughout December. 

Capture of the Khudhaira Bend, 9TH-19TH January. 

On the 9th the battalion moved at 4.30 a.m. into reserve to the 
3rd Indian Division. The attack that day was only partially successful, 
the Turks counter-attacking strongly, and the battalion was held at the 
Pentagon, and remained there until the nth, when it returned to Besouia. 
The clearing of the Khudhaira Bend had not proved an easy task, and the 
last Turk was not across the river before the night i8th/i9th. 

Capture of the Hai Salient, 25TH January-5th February. 

The next step was the Hai Salient, and General Maude considered that 
the lessons of the Khudhaira Bend pointed to an advance by means of the 
limited objective (the system employed in France). A paper from I Corps, 
issued at this date, is most interesting. 

" I. The recent fighting has again emphasised the necessity for 
methodical progress in the attack on a trench system. 

"2. It has been found that with sufficient preliminary bombardment 
and an efficient artillery barrage (within 40 or 50 yards of which our troops 
are able to advance), we can successfully assault and capture the enemy's 
first line or system, killing or capturing the garrison. 

"3. Shortly after this, the time varying according to circumstances, 
the enemy launches a counter-attack mainly on the unprotected flanks, and 
this is the vital time which decides whether we retain or lose our success. 

" 4. The time in which this counter-attack is delivered varies accord- 
ing to the actual frontage of our assault, compared to the whole front on 
which we might assault, and which the enemy has consequently to make 
provision for. 

"5. In the Khudhaira Bend the enemy's front line was some 2,600 
yards ; we assaulted on 600 yards front, leaving some 1,800 yards of hostile 
position on our right flank, whilst the left flank attained the river-bank 
and was protected. In this case the enemy's counter-attack was delivered 
against our right flank about an hour after our assault. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 71 

" In the Hai Bridgehead system the probable hostile front on which 
we might have attacked was some 4,000 yards. We attacked on about 
1,330 yards, and it was about two hours before the enemy's counter-attack 
was launched. 

" On our front at Sannaiyat, where the enemy might assume that our 
assault would be launched from our left on 800 or 900 yards front, counter- 
attacks might be expected much earlier, if we attacked on this front. 

"6. It has again been emphasised that the most dangerous part of this 
counter-attack to deal with is the portion which comes bombing down the 
trenches. The portions coming over the open are met by the artillery 
and, if the trench gained has been prepared rapidly to fire over the parados, 
by infantry and machine- and Lewis-gun fire. Under these circumstances 
they can be dealt with successfully and with heavy loss to the enemy. 

" 7. The bombing attack down the trenches leading into the captured 
portion meets our bombers progressing up these and possibly at some 
distance from the captured position, owing to rapid progress at first. These 
parties are apt to be cut off or overwhelmed, with the result that the hostile 
bombers are able to close on the men consolidating the main position, 
deprived of their protective bombers, and the whole position is in danger 
of being rolled up. 

" 8. This danger is greatly increased if the initial orders giving the 
first objective include orders to extend the flanks by bombing immediately 
the first objective has been gained. This extension of the flanks immediately 
following a successful assault can frequently be rapidly carried out, but it 
tends to send the bombers and their supports into the air, and in any case 
leaves them to meet a hostile counter-attack whilst somewhat disorganised 
owing to rapid advance and without protective blocks. 

" 9. The orders for the attack must therefore lay down the first 
objective to be gained in detail, and stringent orders must be given that no 
advance is to be made beyond this, however tempting to the victorious 
infantry, until the position has been thoroughly consolidated. If then the 
enemy, as hitherto, counter-attacks, he does so against a position more or 
less consolidated according to detailed plans which have been thought out 
and practised beforehand, and his counter-attack should be repulsed with 
very heavy losses, after which he retires to his next position, and our 
preparations to deal with this are not much disturbed. 

" ID. The important points to consider in consolidating a position won 
are : 

" (i) The conversion of the trench to fire over the parados ; this latter 
is frequently high, and unless a fire-step is rapidly made or the parados cut 



72 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Jan. 

down, it prevents our men and Lewis guns firing over it, and also prevents 
them observing the approach of the enemy over the open. 

" (ii) The rapid double blocking of every trench leading from the 
captured objective to the enemy. The ones on the flank are particularly 
important. This blocking must be done rapidly, under cover of bombing 
parties in advance of it and Lewis guns in rear of it. 

" (iii) Artillery Barrage during Consolidation. — It is impossible to 
provide sufficient ammunition to keep up a continuous barrage during the 
process of consolidation ; much of such fire goes merely on to open ground, 
effecting no useful purpose. A short time after the successful delivery 
of the assault, the rate of artillery fire has to be decreased and then stopped, 
the artillery coming under the F.CO.s, who watch for any enemy issuing 
into the open to counter-attack. This is quite effective to meet a counter- 
attack over the open, but hostile movement down trenches is not so easily 
seen nor so easily stopped by artillery fire. It is essential, therefore, 
that one or two guns, firing in enfilade where possible, should be accurately 
registered on to every trench which has to be blocked ; these guns can 
barrage these trenches in front of the blocking parties with comparatively 
little expenditure of ammunition. They should not be switched on to 
other objectives, but should be told off specially for the purpose. 

" 1 1. Bombing parties with their supports must be supported by other 
bombing parties. Infantry following up a small bombing party which 
happens to be overwhelmed by hostile bombers becomes helpless in a 
trench, and if they get out of the trench they are shot down. 

" (Signed) H. P. Browne, Brigadier-General, 
General Staff, I Corps.'' 

Preparations for the next move were made at once. The 40th Brigade 
took over the line opposite the apex of the Hai Salient on the 12th January, 
and found that it consisted of a series of lunettes, connected by a narrow 
communication trench, and having a few strong-points in rear. But 
" No Man's Land " was a considerable width, and it was proposed to reduce 
it by night digging. The work was hampered at first by rain, but the 
14th was a bright, fine day, and much progress was made that night. 

The first date selected for the attack was the 20th. At a conference 
held on the 1 5th, however, the Brigadier pointed out that the early date 
did not allow time to dig the necessary lines, which should be continuous 
and about 200 yards from the enemy. The weather was the main difficulty. 

The attack was therefore postponed to the 25th. 

Meanwhile digging proceeded every night. The ground between the 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



73 



opposing lines was perfectly flat, with practically no cover, and the enemy 
was well aware of what was going on ; the work was carried out under 
continuous sniping fire. But persistence triumphed, and two continuous 
lines were dug, with eight communication trenches, and, on the 40th 
Brigade front, within 350 yards of the Turkish front line. It represented a 




The Koyal liJclch and lUttehif? 
assaultfd th£ memy trmcloes 
from Pioa toPisa. 
The width of No Man's Land 
\yhidi was a thoiisand yaitls 
uas rtduced by di$51n$ nw 
trmdiis before ttic attacK iwthin 
550 i^"d5 of and under hca\>y 
ikfromthtenrnty 



forward move of some 650 yards on a 1,200-yards front, and the digging 
of over five miles of trenches. 

Everything was ready on the 24th, and on the morning of the 25th the 
attack commenced. 

Success depended on the ability of the artillery to keep the enemy 
at the bottom of his trenches until the moment of the infantry advance. 
Artillery fire was directed for the first five minutes on the second line, and 



74 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

then from 9.35 a.m. to 9.46 a.m. on the front Hne. When the guns Ufted, 
the assaulting troops were 50 yards from the Turkish trench. 

Our battahon was on the right of the 40th Brigade front, attacking 
with the Wiltshire. A, C, and D Companies made the advance in four 
waves, on a frontage of 500 yards. The first wave was led by Daly, Trench, 
Hubbard, and Dyke, all dressed in the service dress of private soldiers so 
as not to attract the attention of snipers, and all except Daly smoking long 
cigars. All except Daly were hit ! In spite of the artillery, the enemy was 
able to inflict a number of casualties as our troops crossed " No Man's 
Land." 

The front line was entered and bombing parties moved out from flanks 
and down communication trenches, while the captured trench was con- 
solidated under Captain A. D. M. Farrar. 

The Turks launched counter-attacks by bombers, but they were easily 
beaten off with severe loss, a party under Captain Carter defeating a 
particularly heavy attack. By dusk the battalion had reached the enemy's 
second line, and had secured a frontage of 1,200 yards. 

The casualties in the brigade amounted to 14 officers and 282 other 
ranks ; as against this the brigade had captured 107 prisoners and buried 
over 400 Turks ; in material, beyond a large number of rifles, only one 
Austrian machine gun and three trench mortars were taken. 

The 39th Brigade on the west bank of the Hal had not met with equal 
success. Having gained their objective, they were driven out by counter- 
attacks, and by 4 p.m. were back in their original line. Attacks next day, 
however, gained ground, and continued, the 40th Brigade again taking part 
in a general advance on the ist February, when the Cheshire assaulted 
the third enemy line successfully. On the 2nd February the 40th Brigade 
was relieved by the 8th Brigade, and marched to Besouia. 

The relief was only an affair of a few hours. The brigade was ordered 
to cross the Hai, and left camp at 9.30 p.m., marching to the line M32 — 
Q28. The operation ordered was to run a line of pickets across the big 
bend in the Tigris from Kut to the Shumran Peninsula. The whole of the 
13th Division was taking part in this effort to enclose the Turks, but the 
two other brigades were closer in, connecting the Hai and Tigris. The 
14th Division was to carry on the attack along the west of the Hai. 

Our battalion arrived at Q28 at i a.m. From this point they moved 
forward on a bearing of 360 and commenced digging a line of picket posts 
350 yards apart. Each post was designed to hold 50 men. (See sketch, 
page 68.) 

The ground was very hard, and digging progressed very slowly. Six 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 75 

posts were commenced, but all attempts to prolong the line met with 
resistance from the enemy, and at dawn the sixth post was found to be 
about 100 yards from a trench and dry water-course held by the Turks. 
There were the ruins of three houses there, too, which afforded excellent 
cover for snipers. 

Captain Daly, who was in command of A Company, gives an account 
of the operation : 

" The battalion was tired after the strenuous fighting, and needed a 
day or two's rest. However, after the Brigade Commander had pointed 
out the state of the brigade to higher authority, it was decided to proceed 
with the operation. 

" The brigade filed out, the South Wales Borderers leading, followed 
by the Royal W>lch Fusiliers. 

" A long march with frequent halts. Edmund Candler,^ riding a 
small pony and dressed in an odd kit, accompanying the column, was 
arrested by a zealous officer as a spy, but was soon released. 

" About 2 a.m. we had arrived at what was believed to be the objective. 

' ' Corps reconnaissance the previous day ^ had indicated that the Turks 
were not in position. However, a few shots rang out, and the Brigade 
Commander determined to go more warily. The plan was to dig four 
company lunettes and be below ground before dawn broke. 

" The Royal Welch Fusiliers, at Colonel Hay's wish, took over the 
task, the rest of the Brigade taking cover in a nullah. It was pitch-dark, 
and this led to delay in the issue of tools. 

" About an hour before dawn the battalion commenced to site its 
position and dig. The men were tired out and the soil more difficult to 
dig than ordinarily. When daw^n broke, it was discovered that the Turks 
were holding a position immediately in front of the battalion. 

" The WTiter was at the time in command of A Company, and can 
only state that at dawn the men had got down some 2 feet and every 
movement drew fire. There was nothing to be done except dig in a lying 
position and site Lewis guns to meet any attack. During the whole day 
it was impossible to gain touch with the rest of the battalion. Orderlies 
were killed directly they left the trenches to take messages. It was a 
remarkably uncomfortable day, especially owing to the uncertainty of the 
situation. 

"Towards dusk the Adjutant, Captain Graham, reached A Company 

* " Eye-witness," the author of The Long Road to Baghdad. 

2 The Cavalry Division had operated in the direction of Shumran the previous day and had 
captured a few prisoners. 



je RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

and told us that the Colonel and Captain Dunn amongst others had been 
killed, that Major Farrar in attempting to come up and take over command 
had been seriously wounded, and that orders had been received from Brigade 
that we were to withdraw under cover of darkness." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hay had gone forward to see for himself what the 
situation was, and was crawling along the shallow trench. Rather than 
allow a private soldier to expose himself unnecessarily, he got up to jump 
over him, and was shot dead. Captain P. M. Dunn was killed while 
telephoning the news to Headquarters. Major Farrar, who was at No. 
4 picket, about i,ooo yards to the south, seeing that the forward and vital 
post was without an officer, went forward to take command, and had to 
run the gauntlet over the open country, which was under rifle and machine- 
gun fire. He was slightly w^ounded, but reached the forward post. Later 
in the afternoon he was seriously wounded. 

Captain Graham went up to the advanced post after dusk, taking 
stretcher-bearers with him. He brought away with him five bodies and 
three stretcher cases ; also all stores, ammunition, and grenades. The 
garrison withdrew without loss. 

The other posts were then withdrawn, and on the 5th the battalion 
marched back to R19, where the brigade was in Divisional Reserve. 

Captain Daly says : "It was remarkable that the Turks made no 
attempt to assault the battalion in its exposed position. The nullah was 
on slightly higher ground, and every movement could be seen by them. 
It is probable that they were weak numerically, but strongly posted and 
with machine guns. Any attempt by us to rush them would have been 
stopped at once. We had no artillery support and no machine guns up." 

Captain M. D. Gambier- Parry, the D.A.Q.M.G. 13th Division, took 
over command, with Captain Graham as second-in-command, and Captain 
Daly as Adjutant. The Company Commanders were then : "A," Carter ; 
" B," Gibby ; " C," Wancke ; " D," Davies. 

A Special Order, issued by Brigadier-General A. C. Lewin, pays a 
remarkable tribute to Lieutenant-Colonel Hay. 

" The Brigadier-General Commanding desires to express his deep sorrow, 
which he knows is shared by every officer, N.C.O., and man of the brigade, 
on the death of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Hay, commanding the Royal 
Welch Fusiliers, who has fallen at the head of the battalion, which he raised 
at the outbreak of hostilities, trained, and subsequently so ably commanded 
during two years of active service, first in the Dardanelles, and later in 
Mesopotamia. 




Lir:uTi;NANT-coLoxi:L a. hay, 



-C] 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA -jj 

" The success of the recent operations, during which the brigade drove 
the enemy from the east bank of the Hai, was in no small measure due to 
the untiring energy, coolness, and forethought displayed by him. 

" The intimate knowledge of the exact situation which he possessed 
at all times was only gained by complete disregard of all personal danger, 
and was of the utmost value, materially affecting the issue. Had he lived 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hay would no doubt have reaped the reward of all his 
labours, but it was not to be, and he has died as he would have wished to, 
in the forefront of the battle, at the head of the gallant regiment of which 
he was so proud, and by whom he will always be remembered with 
pride. 

" The Brigadier-General knows he is but voicing the wishes of all ranks 
in tendering their deep sympathy to the relatives of the late Lieutenant- 
Colonel Hay, and in thus placing on record the high regard in which 
he was held by all who knew him, both as a tried soldier and a brave 
comrade." 



Capture of the Dahra Bend, 9th-i6th February. 

From the sth to the 9th February the battalion remained in camp, 
reorganising, checking equipment, and refitting ; specialists were also 
exercised. They then moved forward to some rear trenches, and on the 
1 2th to a nullah on the east bank of the Hai. 

The line had altered considerably while the battalion was in reserve. 
Pressure was never relaxed — there was, occasionally, a lull in the fighting, 
as when a storm on the nth February raised such dust that the artillery 
could not fire — and the Turks were slowly squeezed into the Dahra Bend, 
and were now well in the bight of it. 

General Maude, methodical and secretive, decided it was time to drive 
the enemy out of the Bend, and after discussion with Generals Marshall 
and Egerton the first plan for attacking the Turkish right was discarded, 
and his centre was given as the main objective. 

The assault was to be made by the 40th Brigade with one battalion 
of the 38th Brigade. The 14th Division on the right and the 39th Brigade 
on the left were to give support with rifle and machine-gun fire directed 
mainly against the left bank of the Tigris, from which the Turks could 
enfilade any advance. 

The orders were received by our battalion on the 1 3th to attack on the 
14th, but on arriving at the assembly trenches a new front trench was found 



78 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

to be only partially dug and very unfavourable as a starting-point. The 
attack was therefore postponed until next da}^, while other battalions com- 
pleted the work, our people returning to a trench in rear. 

At 4 a.m. the battalion moved into position. Three companies were 
disposed in four waves on the right of the brigade front. The South Wales 
Borderers, in the same formation, were in the centre, and the 6th Loyal 
North Lancashire on the left. 

The attack went like clockwork. The bombardment started at 8.30 
a.m. and lifted at 8.45. The leading wave advanced steadily, followed by 
the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th at intervals of 50 yards. The rifle and machine-gun 
fire from the Turks was not intense, but our machine guns, massed on either 
flank, rattled out a stream of bullets. 

There was little resistance, and an hour after the assault had commenced 
the whole position was in our hands, our battalion alone taking some 300 
prisoners. 

The wedge driven b}?- the 40th Brigade into the enemy position created 
a favourable opportunity for troops on the flanks, and by the morning of the 
1 6th, in spite of heavy rain which commenced to fall during the night, 
the 35th Brigade had completely cleared the Dahra Bend. 

This put an end to two months of continuous fighting to batter a way 
through twelve miles of country heavily entrenched. 

Details of the fight are not abundant. Captain Daly, who was then 
Adjutant, states that : " After about an hour the situation from Battalion 
Headquarters seemed uncertain, and the Adjutant was instructed to find 
out the situation. The Turkish position was about 600 yards away, and 
' No Man's Land ' was quite flat. He started the 600 yards' sprint with 
Edmund Candler and an orderly. The orderly was hit at once, and the 
two lone figures soon discovered they were under direct fire of a machine 
gun. Edmund Candler, the wiser man, decided to proceed by strategy ;. 
the Adjutant, thoroughly frightened, decided to make a dash for it, and 
arrived exhausted but happy. About I an hour later Edmund Candler 
rejoined him quite calm and unruffled. 

" The situation was odd. The Turks appeared to be holding a series 
of Soviets. The Brigade Orders were to hold the ground occupied, and a 
subsequent advance was to be carried out on the right. About 3 p.m., 
after a preliminary bombardment, our troops could be seen advancing 
steadily under a barrage. Almost immediately vast masses of Turks, 
like a football crowd, swarmed over the top towards us, all waving white 
handkerchiefs — where they got them from is curious. This was our first 
visible sign of the breakdown of Turkish moral." 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 79 

Capture of Sannaiyat, i 7TH-24TH February, and the Passage of the 
Shumran Bend, 23RD-24TH February. 

Kut itself was a place of little importance ; but the favourable situation 
created by the Army pointed to a general advance on both banks of the river. 

Troops of the I Corps were still in front of the Sannaiyat trenches, 
and the successful operations on the right bank of the Tigris had forced 
Halil to extend his forces over a wide front. General Maude decided to 
attack both enemy flanks simultaneously — that is, Sannaiyat and the 
Shumran Peninsula. 

Preparations were put in hand to force a crossing at the Shumran Bend, 
but the weather interfered, and heavy rain, with floods, caused a postpone- 
ment. Still, following the principle that the enemy must not be allowed to 
recover his moral, the 7th Indian Division delivered an attack against 
Sannaiyat on the 1 7th February. The Turks were found as strong as ever 
in defence, and the attack, through the mud, failed. 

The weather, however, improved, and the big operation was fixed for 
the 22nd February. The I Corps was to attack the Sannaiyat lines with the 
7th Division and two battalions of the 3rd Division, and, on the opposite 
bank, was to show " general activity " up to the Hai. The I Corps had 
also to carry out a raid during the night 2 2nd/2 3rd across the Tigris at 
Maqasis. The III Corps was to commence the crossing of the river at 
Shumran on the 23rd. The 14th Division was to carry out this difficult 
operation, while the 13th Division held the line from the Hai westwards. 
The 40th Brigade held the river-bank from the Hai to M32. (See sketch, 
page 68.) 

The Sannaiyat position was by this time recognised as a strong one, 
and the attack was limited to two lines of trenches. It was successful, 
although our casualties were fairly heavy. The crossing at Shumran was 
fixed for the first streak of daylight on the 23rd. 

Our battalion played a very small part in this affair. Captain Daly 
says : " The 14th Division was selected for the actual crossing, much to 
our discontent, as we wanted to be in at the kill at Kut. At that time no 
one breathed of Baghdad ! " But the battalion sent 50 volunteers for the 
hazardous business of ferrying troops across the river at Shumran, and 
during the night 22nd/23rd the battalion was engaged in moving about and 
making noises as though preparations were being made to cross the river 
by the Liquorice Factory. They moved heavy planks about, carts were 
driven creaking along the river-bank, men were sent to splash in the river, 
a few lights were occasionally shown. 



8o RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

The desired effect was produced. The enemy was taken by surprise, 
and the 14th Division accomphshed the crossing ; it was a hard task, and 
most gallantly done. The artillery at the end of the day was reduced to 
the ammunition in their limbers. 

The Turks had concentrated at Sannaiyat, where the 7th Division was 
waiting to continue their attack on the 23rd. Our troops were confronted 
by a maze of trenches, across a perfectly flat and featureless country, and 
although the Turks were preparing for immediate retirement, the evening 
of the 23rd saw the 7th Division no farther than the fourth line of the 
enemy defences. 

But the Engineers had now constructed a bridge at Shumran, and on 
the 24th a general advance by the 14th Division and the 7th Indian Division 
resulted in a rapid retreat by the Turks, and Kut was found deserted on the 
morning of the 25th. 

A general pursuit was ordered, and on the morning of the 25th our 
battalion crossed the bridge to the left bank of the Tigris. 

" At daw^n a wonderful sight met our eyes. The Tigris was alive with 
monitors. The fleet — the Tigris flotilla — was going upstream full steam 
ahead. We cheered them lustily. 

" We saw many signs of the Turkish hurried departure — dumps of 
ammunition — but few prisoners. We saw our first German prisoners, 
doubtless machine gunners who had stayed longer than the others." (Daly.) 

The Pursuit to Baghdad, 2 5th February- ioth March. 

The crossing of the Tigris marks the commencement of a long march 
after the retreating Turks. 

" We were not to wait long before coming into action again. The 
Turkish rearguard was fighting well, being prodigal of their artillery 
ammunition. Towards dusk we were ordered to go up and relieve the 
leading brigade. \_The advance guard was held up, and the 40th Brigade was 
ordered to turn the enemy flank. ^ We advanced in artillery formation, and 
5'9's crumped all round us. It seemed impossible that we should come 
through unscathed — but we did. The Turkish fire was in the nature of a 
feu de joie. The Turks bolted at dusk, and we were marched back to our 
lines, tired and sleepless, to a wonderful meal that our Quartermaster, 
Glazebrook, had prepared for us. 

" The next days were march — march — march. Rations down — 
administration could not keep up." (Daly.) 

The problem of supply was causing grave concern : it meant a change 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



in future from rail to river, and the Tigris was in flood, so that, although 
river-craft were plentiful, their progress up the river was extremely slow. 

Telegrams were passing rapidly between General Maude, Sir William 
Robertson, and General Monro, the Commander-in-Chief in India. The 
situation was interesting. Our flotilla had caught an orderly Turkish 
retreat, and by pressing boldly on had converted it into a rout. The 
moment was propitious for a close pursuit, but the question of supply 
arose. 

Sir William Robertson was not enamoured of the idea of occupying 









Adyancc hm\ 5hiimra/\ to JBaiPi 

Z5 ^ February - 6^^ MarcK 




Baghdad, which would be difficult to hold if attacked in force ; General 
Monro was in favour of getting there as quickly as possible, and so was 
General Maude. The Inspector-General of Communications, General 
MacMunn, only asked, however, for a few days' delay — the 5th March — 
when he could guarantee constant supply. 

One of the most encouraging decisions made at this time was that the 
13th Division, which had been earmarked for withdrawal, was to remain in 
Mesopotamia. Thirteen fresh Indian battalions were also on their way from 
India. 

The pursuit was not therefore forced, and the marches of our battalion 
IV — 6 



82 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

took them to Um at Tubal on the ist March ; Aziziya on the 2nd ; Bustan, 
a mile south of the ruins at Ctesiphon, on the 3rd ; and the neighbourhood 
of Diyala on the 7th. 

The advance guards had scrappy encounters with the enemy. " Turkish 
rearguards fought and stopped us, and went at dusk. 

" In addition to marching, outpost duties were onerous. Maps were 
bad, and our air force had no supremacy. [They were successful in bombing 
the retreating Turks."] 

" At one of the halts the officers, armed with ship's cutlasses, went after 
pig. We rounded up one beauty — 250 lb. He made for the Tigris, 
followed by our officers on weary chargers, charged a bell-tent, and died, 
ingloriously dispatched by the axe of the battalion cook. 

" The Navy were our friends. They organised pig-hunts — men as 
beaters, officers with service rifles. 

" After scrappy fighting we reached the Diyala, where the Turks 
had taken up a strong position. Baghdad was on everyone's lips — would 
the Turk defend it ? — burn it down ? — what ? 

" Many attempts were made to cross the Diyala — costly ones. The 
Wiltshire eventually forced a surprise crossing." (Daly.) 

The first intimation that something more than scrappy fighting might 
take place was found by the cavalry at Lajj on the 5th March. The wind 
had increased to a storm, and the swirling sand covered the flat plain with 
clouds of dust. Unable to see farther than a few score of yards, the 13th 
Hussars charged some straggling infantry, only to ride against an en- 
trenched position beyond. They extricated themselves with credit, 
though their losses were heavy. 

The advance guard to the III Corps, composed of the Corps Cavalry, 
a field artillery brigade, and the 38th Infantry Brigade, came within four 
miles of Diyala village early in the morning of the 7th. Reconnaissance 
revealed that the bridges, at Diyala village and the artillery bridge higher 
up the river, had been removed. 

The first attempt to cross was made that night by the 6th King's Own, 
but the pontoons, with their passengers, were quickly riddled with bullets 
and the attempt was abandoned. The same day the 35th Brigade crossed 
from the left to the right bank of the Tigris at Bawi. 

Meanwhile the greatest indecision had been shown by the Turks. 
They had turned on crossing the Diyala, but had taken no steps to avail 
themselves of the possibility of flooding the low-lying country to the south 
of the river and round the city of Baghdad. (As it was, water-cuts, canals, 
and marshes hampered our movements.) 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



83 



Passage of the Diyala, 7th-ioth March. 

General Maude, however, did not delay his preparations for over- 
coming the obstacles which lay between him and the enemy. The Engineers 
bridged the Tigris at Bawi, and the Cavalry Division crossed to the right 
bank, followed by the leading brigade of the 7th Indian Division before 
dark. And that night (7th/8th) the 38th Brigade made a second attempt 
to cross the Diyala, a gallant and costly attempt, which left about 100 of 
the 6th Loyal North Lancashire on the right bank to maintain themselves 
until the morning of the loth. 

Towards the evening of the 9th the Turkish dispositions had been so 




The marjhy tountry eajt of 
the Diyala coaid hare been 
J loaded A Baghdad itself 
jurrouncled by jlnud water. , 
pnYerPuiha ordered this 
to bedone, but Hold showed 
great iadeaiion & without 
jloodtng wncentrated the 
built oj hujorce eoj/ o/the 
Tigrii. A J the 7'^ Dim 
advanced he Uju^ijoreed to 
move troop:) to the u;e:>l of 
the Tigrii. 



Qusaiba 

the ss'^Bde inoneBattifArt'Crossei, 
by steamer on the 7"]; the Cavalry '^' 
Divn. by bridge on the 8*^, OJ'd the 
7^ Indian Bivn. on the g'*. 

altered that the bulk of their forces were opposing General Fane's Cavalry 
Division and the 7th Indian Division on the right bank of the Tigris. 

Efforts to cross the Diyala were renewed, first by the 8th Cheshire, who 
tried to slip up the Tigris in motor-lighters and land above the Diyala, 
and then by the 5th Wiltshire, who finally succeeded in the early morning 
of the loth in joining the small party of Loyal North Lancashire. 

The 39th Brigade, as advance guard, then crossed the river, followed 
by the 40th Brigade. Our battalion crossed at 8.30 a.m. The Turks 
had, by this time, disappeared, and were not found for some hours. 



84 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

On the right bank of the Tigris, fighting of a difficult nature took place. 
The sand-storm was so bad that vision was restricted to about 1 50 yards, 
consequently progress was very slow. Nearer the rivers, where there was 
less dust, conditions were not so bad. 

Advancing from the Diyala the 39th Brigade found the enemy on a 
line through Tel Muhammad, and at 5 p.m. the 40th Brigade, with the III 
Corps Cavalry and the 66th Field Artillery Brigade, moved to encircle the 
enemy's left flank. Our battalion bivouacked on the river-bank that night 
after a trying and dusty march. 

Although movements were slow, they were too fast for the Turks — 
Halil gave the order for retreat at 10 p.m. 

Our patrols discovered the enemy gone in the early morning of the 
nth, and a general advance commenced on Baghdad. The 35th Brigade, 
on the right bank of the Tigris, led by the 5th Buffs, entered that part of 
the city before 9 a.m. On the left bank the 40th Brigade, led by our 
battalion and two squadrons of cavalry, marching through Tel Muhammad, 
passed by the east wall of the city, and so to the north, where they occupied 
the cavalry barracks. Officers and men were forbidden to enter Baghdad. 
Later in the day the 13th Division concentrated at Es Salekh. 

" Reaction set in after the first rejoicings. We felt we had attained 
our object — Baghdad was ours ! 

" These feelings were soon dispelled. Our tactical situation was not 
good — there was much more to be done. The 1 3th Division, and especially 
the 40th Brigade, were from now on continuously on the move. 

" A noteworthy feature of these days was the friendliness of the 
inhabitants. For the first time we came into friendly contact with the 
Arabs. Our rations became more varied, and we had melons, limes, lemons, 
cucumbers, etc., not to speak of sandgrouse and partridges, with an occa- 
sional goose, duck, or pig. Fish were bombed." (Daly.) 

A good many of the Royal Welch never saw more than the distant 
view of Baghdad, and were able to preserve their illusions — beautiful from 
a distance, the city was indescribably filthy. A few troops were sent in to 
preserve order. Our battalion with the 40th Brigade moved slowly up the 
left bank of the Tigris, while the 7th Division and attached troops engaged 
the enemy on the right bank and drove him farther north. 

On the 24th March the 40th Brigade moved forward to the edge of 
the most northerly belt of Palm Groves, and occupied Diltawa and Sindiya, 
our battalion collecting in the latter village a quantity of light-railway 
material. 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



85 



A defensive line, some 3,000 yards in length, was prepared from the 
river. In the distance small bodies of Turks could be seen, and the battalion 
was occasionally shelled. By the 27th the Turks, who appeared to have 
increased in numbers, were seen to be digging. 

The defence of Baghdad was no eas}^ matter. Although the Turkish 
XVIII Corps had lost heavily, the remnants of it, estimated at about 5,000 
rifles, were still in being with Army Headquarters at Samarra. A small 
force was also approaching from the west of Baghdad, and across the hills 
to the east was the Turkish XIII Corps, ordered by Enver Pasha to effect 
a junction with the XVIII Corps. 



jAliu- t!u capture oi BagKdad. General Maudt 
had to uiuUrtake militflry opirsiicns u\st\'V3Ji durctiony 
tujrthuwd.againsttlu'IuikuKxvni Corps; wcitvasd. 
tctlu Eiif hratti, n'KoT asmall TurtoK kmt u'ai ad- 
vancing Ptm Samau-a on Ramaiii; and inanortX- 
tastcA) diredion, tm-anis Khin^in, against At — 
Turfush .-vniCDrpi.ii'luAuiaimouin^fWmtht- 
Ptnian Stmt to join the liiHush xm Corps. 

'Kuj days aiW the ocnipation of Baghdad, th( . 

io'kBn^ advanced up the lift bank of the TiSris 
$1 on the 1*^ March occupied Diltajva ?< Sindiya , 
«u line of tht most northerly belt of &bn Groves 
in the Baghdad vilayet on this bank of the ra'cr. 
On tkc J9'^i(»rch the ♦o'J'B'ijade »•« m^cA about 
the old Afahni-an Gmal. Gradually th« ■IIlJ^<s litre 
puified back, dUirin^ the early part of 1917, to the 
Shalt alAdhaim 

Jo J 10 IJ ?0 ?, 



■5caU -Jibdu 





BriQ- Gcti IWidson's GfaG?bb<s i ?^Diwion 
cokiirm column 



GtnJisaryi 



A column under General Keary was operating to the east of Baghdad, 
and was already in touch with the enemy. The danger lay in this direction. 

On the 27th General Maude informed his commanders that the Turkish 
2nd and 6th Divisions beyond the hills and advancing on the left bank of 
the Diyala were estimated to be 6,000 rifles and 26 guns ; that the Turkish 
14th Division, estimated at 2,400 rifles and 10 guns, were on the right bank 
of the Diyala about Delli Abbas ; and that the 51st and 52nd Divisions, 
estimated at 4,500 rifles and 24 guns, were advancing from the Adhaim. 
The threat from Shatt al Adhaim and Delli Abbas — a concentration with 
the object of helping the XIII Corps beyond the hills — was to be met by 



86 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

striking first at the Shatt al Adhaim force, and then passing on to the 
Belli Abbas force. The III Corps telegraphed the 13th Division to attack 
the enemy vigorousl3^ 

Affair of Delli Abbas, 27TH-28TH March. 

During the evening of the 28th the 38th Brigade took over the line, 
and the 40th concentrated on the Nahrwan Canal. 

The 40th Brigade, advancing along the line of the Canal, was to make 
a holding attack, to be pushed home if circumstances were favourable, 
while the 39th Brigade made an enveloping movement of about 10 miles 
round the Turkish left flank. The Wiltshire and South Wales Borderers 
led the 40th Brigade ; our battalion was held in reserve all day. The 39th 
Brigade were most hotly engaged, and succeeded in their task, the whole 
Turkish force retiring. But the battle took place on the Marl Plain, over 
a surface which " was as smooth as a liquid which has congealed on a still 
night ; there were stretches where you could not find an inequality that 
would give bias to a marble," and the men suffered accordingly. The 
mirage during the day was extremely bad, distorting all objects. Some 
180 Turks were captured, and they left about 200 dead on the ground. 
Our battalion went up during the following night to assist in consolidating 
the captured position. 

On the 30th the battalion was back in the old bivouacs near Deltana 
Wood. 

Our battalion casualties for the month were 2 men wounded, 1 1 7 sick. 

Away on the right. General Keary's column had also been engaged, 
and had occupied the Jabal Hamrin, while the advanced troops of General 
Baratoff's force had arrived near Qasr Shirin, a few miles from Khaniqin. 
The Turkish XIII Corps, however, had extricated itself from a dangerous 
position, and was moving in the direction of Kifri. 

Affair on the Nahr Khalis Canal, 9TH-15TH April. 

The junction of the British and Russian forces seemed on paper to 
promise far-reaching results, but the revolution was now in full blast. 
Baratoff's force was very weak, and the Russians were in any case deter- 
mined not to make any serious effort. But the junction led General Maude 
to re-dispose his troops. General Keary, who had the greater part of the 
3rd Division under his command, withdrew his column to the I Corps area, 
on the right bank of the Tigris. 

Preparation was then commenced to advance oil Samarra, which, 
owing to the necessity of using the Tigris as the line of supply, would have 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 87 

to be carried out on both banks of the river. The left-bank force, in which 
was the 13th Division, was commanded by General Marshall ; the right- 
bank force by General Fane.^ 

The general advance commenced. The 13th Division moved on the 
6th to the north end of Kuwan Reach, where the 40th Brigade were given 
a bad camping area, in a barley-field which was filled with grasshoppers. 
The cavalr}" were in touch with the enemy, and having driven some Turkish 
troops across the Adhaim, they were relieved on the 7th by the 40th Brigade 
along the line of the river. 

The next day (8th) General Marshall was ordered to stand fast, as the 
Turkish XIII Corps was found to be advancing from Delli Abbas, on the 
north, or right, bank of the Khalis Canal, across the bare and waterless 
plain. The Turks, however, took their time, and it seemed at one moment 
that they did not intend to advance, so that the first plan, which was to 
wait for them, had to be changed on the i ith to an order to advance. 

During the night loth/i ith our battalion had marched along the railway 
line to a point about five miles west of Chaliya, and at 5.30 a.m. had halted 
for breakfast. At this moment no news of any enemy movement had been 
received, and General Marshall's orders were to push forward against the 
enemy between Delli Abbas and Diltawa. But by 8 a.m. the cavalry 
reported that the Turks were advancing in force. 

The situation was that the cavalry was retiring before rapidly advancing 
Turks : swift decision and alteration of plans were necessary. The cavalry 
was ordered to hold a line of mounds in the middle of the plain until the 
40th Brigade came up to relieve them. The mounds were some two miles 
from the spot where the 40th Brigade was halted, and our battalion with 
the 8th Cheshire on their right set out to take up the position. 

Ordered to move at 8.30 a.m., the two advancing battalions were 
approaching the mounds when the cavalry gave ground. Then commenced 
a race for the mounds. About 9.30 the leading lines of infantry reached the 
top of the mounds ; the Turks were caught and, completely taken by 
surprise, lost heavily, 94 dead being counted on our battalion front alone. 

It was the right flank of the Turkish force that was at first stopped and 
then driven back by the fire from our battalion and the Cheshire. Eche- 
loned on the left of our battalion was the 39th Brigade, and wide to the left 
of them a cavalry brigade. A turning movement had been ordered and was 
commenced. But on the right there was a wide gap between the 40th 

1 Left-bank column : a mounted force consisting of two squadrons 32nd Lancers, 21st Cavalry, 
and one section each from S Battery, R.H.A., and D/66th Battery R.F.A. ; 13th Division ; 134th 
Howitzer Brigade, R.F.A. , 2/i04th Battery (60 pounders), and No. 80 Anti-aircraft Section ; a 
bridging train ; and C Flight, 30th Squadron, R.F.C. 



88 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 



Brigade and the 2nd Gurkhas (attached), who were on the bank of the 
Khahs Canal ; on the far side of the canal was the Cavalry Division. 

The Turks, with their right driven back by the 40th Brigade, halted 
their left about Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Ali, 

The situation which had developed after the occupation of the mounds 
was interesting and seemed to promise great results. The 39th Brigade, with 
a brigade of cavalry on their left, were moving forward, driving the enemy in 



1 234 smllii 



oScrsd 

Turk line 




Cassch'Bdc 
J9th3dz. 

Our Battalion CV / © 

the Chcslurt raced ~r ^ '^ 

thcTurks to these moimdS; 



Diltaipa 



front of them as they executed their encircling manoeuvre, when General 
Cayley became apprehensive of his right flank, and ordered the 39th Brigade 
to withdraw. This was done, with some loss, and the Worcestershire were 
sent to prolong the line of the 40th Brigade and fill the gap between them 
and the Gurkhas. The remainder of the 39th Brigade were held in reserve. 
The mirage now became very bad and the heat was intense. Troops 
in contact remained on their ground, the Turks attempting to dig in. But 
throughout the day a concentration of troops drawn from the Diyala- 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 89 

Sindiya defence line was carried out on our right flank, preparatory to a 
turning movement on the south, or left, bank of the Khalis Canal — most 
difficult country, much cut up by water-cuts and old canals. A small 
advance was made late in the day, the Turks offering little resistance. 

The next morning the enemy was found to have retired. His exact 
position could not be ascertained, and it was not until 1.30 p.m. that the 
40th Brigade received orders to continue the advance, with the 35th Brigade 
on their right. The time given to move was 3 p.m., but the brigade was 
holding over four miles of front, and the concentration was not complete 
until some time later, about 5 p.m. The head of the brigade came under 
shell fire, and the line halted about 1 1 miles short of Bint al Hassan. During 
the night the Wiltshire and South Wales Borderers, who had led the advance, 
pushed their line forward some 1,000 yards. 

On the 13th April the advance was continued, commencing at 5.30 
a.m. on the right, where the 35th Brigade experienced some difficulty in 
the cut-up countr3\ The 40th Brigade did not move until the afternoon. 

The heat in the morning had been dreadful. At i p.m. our battalion 
received orders to attack. They were then in reserve, some two miles in 
rear of the front line, and the advance did not commence until 3.30 p.m. 
On a one-company frontage of between 400 and 500 yards they won about 
a mile. They were then under fairly heavy fire, especially from three 
machine guns on their right flank, and with no one on either side of them. 
At nightfall the line was dug in, and the 40th Brigade was relieved by the 
39th, our battalion marching back to bivouac some three miles in rear. 
The whole of the day's operation had been over flat, open country^, and the 
men suffered greatly from the heat — there were many cases of heat-stroke — 
and lack of water. 

The heat was so great on the 14th that no further advance was 
attempted. In the evening, however, our battalion, with the 40th Brigade, 
marched in a north-westerly direction for a couple of miles, accompanied 
by 100 transport carts, to give the enemy an impression of movement in 
that direction. They returned after dark. 

The next day the enemy was found entrenching on the foothills, and 
as General Maude did not wish to become involved in the hills, the attack 
was broken off. 

Our battalion remained at Bint al Hassan until the 22nd, when they 
marched and took over portions of the Tawila Canal-Abu Tamar- 
Sindiya line. 

Other movements were taking place. On the i8th April the 38th 
Brigade had crossed the Adhaim near its mouth, and on the right bank of 



90 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

the Tigris an action was commenced which ended in the occupation of 
Samarra on the 24th April. 



Affair on the Shatt al Adhaim, 30TH April. 

Beheving that the Turkish XIII Corps would again attempt a junction 
with the XVIII Corps, General Maude determined to attack and defeat 
them about Band i Adhaim before their concentration was completed. Our 
battalion commenced to move, to Dahuba on the 26th, to Tulul en Nar on 
the 27th, and to a point in the bed of the Adhaim, about four miles from 
the Turks, on the 28th. 

The Turks were holding a position astride the river, and about six 
miles south of Band i Adhaim, their advanced troops having been driven in 
on the 24th April as the result of a successful engagement in which the 38th 
Brigade took part. 

On the 29th the 40th Brigade took over the front line on the left bank ; 
behind them was the 38th Brigade ; and across the river was the 35th 
Brigade. 

The ground was the usual flat, hard plain, with a few mounds dotted 
about, and a few dry water-courses. But the river flowed in a deep 
depression from 1,000 to 3,000 yards wide with cliff-like sides, which 
opened suddenly in the flat plain. 

The Turks were disposed with their 14th Division on the left bank 
and their 2nd Division on the right. General Marshall determined to 
concentrate against the 14th Division, and then deal with the 2nd. 

The 38th and 40th Infantry Brigades attacked in line, while the 7th 
Cavalry Brigade (less two regiments) moved round the right flank to cut 
off the enemy's retreat. 

Under cover of an artillery bombardment the advance commenced 
at 5 a.m. on the 30th April. The 38th Brigade captured the Mound, but 
came under heavy fire from the north and remained there. The 40th 
Brigade attacked with the 4th South Wales Borderers and 8th Cheshire. 
Under an artillery barrage, and the dust it raised in front of them, they 
advanced easily and carried the first and second lines of Turkish trenches. 
Their orders were to stop at the second line, but the majority of troops, 
not realising that they had taken the second line, carried on to what was 
the third line. The Cheshire, in hot pursuit of the enemy, took the village 
of Adhaim, and went beyond. 

The line they were on was behind a position known as the Boot, on 
the right bank of the river, from which the Turks now poured a galling 




Cidirit ( .'ijiiiriijhi. 



TYPICAL BATTLEFIELD. 
The tremendous heat and the mirage complicated active manreuvre in this desolate country. 



& 



m 




Al'.lll,Li:i',V ()liSi;iUAll()N I'OST. 



90] 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



91 




The Boot O.-'^l^Cv'^^ 




„.^OTh4Mounid 



fire. Our attacking troops were, however, much scattered in the broken 
ground in and about the depression down which the river ran. 

The situation at that moment was by no means unfavourable, as the 
Turkish 14th Division were reported by the 3Sth Brigade to be in full 
retreat. But communication with Brigade Headquarters had not been 
established, and all 
observation was sud- 
denly blotted out by a 
dust-storm. 

The artillery had 
ceased fire when a re- 
port of the situation 
reached Brigadier- 
General Lewin about 
7 a.m. He immediately 
ordered our battalion 
and the 5th Wiltshire 
to go up in support. 

Attacks by the 
35th Brigade on the 
right bank had failed 
to dislodge the Turks 
from the Boot, from 
which machine-gun fire 
was causing a lot of 
trouble amongst the 
scattered parties of 
South Wales Borderers 
and Cheshire. On the 
left bank the Turks, 
recovering from their 
first panic, organised and launched a strong counter-attack. At first 
they came on slowly, but our men were short of ammunition, and at 
7.30 a.m. the enemy was seen advancing in a solid body. 

The South Wales Borderers and Cheshire were driven back out of the 
village, but by this time the Royal Welch and Wiltshire had reached the 
second line of Turkish trenches, and here the enemy was repulsed. 

This part of the fighting was entirely an infantry affair, as the artillery 
could give no support owing to the dust-storm. Even the 38th Brigade, 
on the Mound, knew nothing of the Turkish counter-attack. Later in the 






The artioa at 
AolKaim. 



^oooyaAcU 



92 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS June 

day, however, the storm subsided, and the artillery fired on the village 
with good results ; but they could not drive the Turks from the Boot 
on the far side of the river. So all remained stationary, except the Turks, 
who, under cover of heavy gun fire, commenced to retire into the hills. 
The next morning they had disappeared. 

The heat during those last three weeks of April had been above the 
average, rising to no degrees in the shade. It was time to break off 
active operations. The column commenced to disperse to summer 
quarters. 

Our battalion remained clearing the battlefield until the 5th May, 
when they marched to Tulul en Nar, to Dahuba, and on the 7th to Barura. 
And then on the nth, as a demonstration while the Russians made a 
move in the direction of Kifri, they marched back again through Dahuba 
to Tulul en Nar. On the 1 7th they returned to hold the line at Sindiya, 
and for training in summer camp at Sadiya. 



Situation, Summer 191 7. 

Training was carried out vigorously early in the morning while our 
battalion was in summer camp. A draft joined in May, consisting of 
men who had never fired a musketry course, and they were instructed on 
a 30-yard and on a 400-yard range. Besides physical training, squad drill, 
arms drill, etc., classes were formed for signalling, Lewis gun, bombing, 
and machine gun. Field w^ork for battalions and for the brigade was also 
carried out. 

There were ominous signs that the future might contain difficult 
moments for the Mesopotamian Army. The Russians, who had a con- 
siderable force on the Persian frontier, 22,000 sabres, 31,000 rifles, and 102 
guns, were summed up by the British liaison officer with the Caucasian 
force : British gold may keep the Russians in Persia, but it will not make 
them fight. The old Russian Army is dead, quite dead. Our efforts, there- 
fore, to resuscitate it stand useless. General Maude was driven to the con- 
clusion that he must not count on any concerted action with the Russians. 
General Baratoff's force had retired from Khaniqin and the banks of the 
Diyala, and the Turks were along the line Kifri-Qara Tepe-Qizil Ribat- 
Mandali. Reoccupation by the Russians of the Diyala line was considered 
out of the question. (See sketch, page 85.) 

But although we had cause for anxiety, the situation the so-called 
side-shows had created was of the greatest value. General Maude's 
success and the capture of Baghdad had a great moral effect. Enver 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 93 

Pasha had sworn to retake Baghdad, but Russian pressure had, up to the 
summer of 191 7, prevented any important reinforcements being sent to the 
Turkish Sixth Army. Now that the Russians were crushed by revolution, 
Enver could give his attention to that important battle-centre. 

Whether he foresaw the defeat of Germany at that date one cannot 
say, but in spite of the Turkish successes at Gallipoli the War had entered 
the Ottoman Empire. Sir Archibald Murray had crossed the Sinai Desert 
and had a considerable force over the borders of Palestine. True, the 
first battle of Gaza had been inconclusive, and lucky for the Turks, and the 
second had been for them a victory ; but the threat was still there. And 
in Mesopotamia there had been a considerable gain by the British : 
obviously they must be driven into the sea ! 

The desire of Enver Pasha to recapture Baghdad, which became with 
him an obsession and blinded him to what was going on in other parts of 
the Ottoman Empire, gave birth to the celebrated Yilderim Army. The 
Arm}' Group was to be composed of Turkish Armies to which the German 
Asiatic Corps was to be attached, and the whole was to be under the com- 
mand of a German General, with a staff of German officers. 

The German Asiatic Corps was not a very imposing force on paper. 
Its backbone was three infantry battalions, Nos. 701, 702, and 703, and 
three machine-gun companies of six guns each. There was a complement 
of trench-mortars, artillery, and cavalry, and we are told that they were 
picked men. 

Although Ludendorff says that German G.H.Q. agreed to Enver's 
plans with little enthusiasm. General Falkenhayn was given command of 
the Yilderim Army Group, and, what is perhaps more significant, a sum 
of ;{!5,ooo,ooo in gold was set aside to help this enterprise. From June 
onwards divisions commenced to assemble at Aleppo, with the idea of 
marching down the Euphrates, and offering a direct threat to the rear of 
the British Forces at Baghdad. 

Although the Yilderim Group never operated in Mesopotamia, the 
change of Turkish plans demonstrates the progress of our operations against 
Turkey, which must be considered as a whole, with the reactions consequent 
to the fighting in which our 8th Battalion was concerned in Mesopotamia, 
and the fighting in Palestine in which our 5th, 6th, 7th, 24th, and 25th 
Battalions were involved. In Mesopotamia the summer months passed 
under the menace of the Yilderim Group. 

During the period two new divisions appear in General Maude's Army. 
He had completed, by adding to a number of units already in Mesopotamia, 
the 15th Division, and had been sent the 17th Indian Division. A few 



94 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

units of the i8th Division had also arrived, but it was far from complete 
in November. 



Second Action of Jabal Hamrin, i8th-20th October 191 7. 

Our battahon remained at Sadiya through the months of June, July, 
and part of August. On the I4th/i5th August they moved to Imam abu 
Khamed, In the month of September they had to provide strong fatigue 
parties for digging in the defensive line, and training had to be abandoned. 
The battalion marched to the village of Qubba during the month to enable 
the Provost-Marshal to arrest some members of a hostile Arab tribe ; 
otherwise the month was one of work with the spade. 

But the Army commenced to operate. After an abortive attempt in 
the heat of the summer to capture Ramadi, a further action was fought 
between the 27th and 29th September which gave us possession of that 
place. At the same time (24th) General Maude occupied Mandali on his 
right flank, the Turkish garrison taking to flight. 

This preliminary move caused the enemy great inconvenience : the 
loss of Ramadi was looked upon as a disaster which had opened the Euphra- 
tes to the British, while the loss of Mandali seriously affected the supply 
of the XIII Corps. 

The next move, made during the month of October, was to occupy the 
Jabal Hamrin on the left bank of the Diyala, with the object of controlling 
the mouths of the various canals leading down-stream. 

A forward concentration commenced on the 13th October. The 40th 
Brigade concentrated at Abu Saida and the group moved on the 15th to 
Bint al Hassan. 

In this move to the hills General Marshall, commanding the III Corps, 
divided his force into three groups, the infantry and cavalry of the right 
group being the 36th and 37th Infantry Brigades and the 7th Cavalry 
Brigade ; the centre group the 3Sth Infantry Brigade ; and the left group 
the 38th and 40th Infantry Brigades and the 12th Cavalry Regiment (less 
two squadrons). The operation was quite successful, and entailed only 
37 casualties. Our battalion was not involved in any skirmish, but moved 
to a position astride the Khalis Canal on the i6th, to the Marfooha Canal 
on the 17th. On the i8th they returned to Tijdari and the line of the 
Asaighi, which consisted of lunettes 800 yards apart. 

The month of November was spent in work on the Asaighi Canal, which 
was dry, and was deepened for lateral communication and made capable of 
defence by the construction of a fire-step. Also a great deal of wiring was 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 95 

done. At the end of the month the battalion received its full complement 
of 16 Lewis guns. 

One must note at this time that the men suffered considerably from 
septic sores. 

The month, however, was a tragic one, for on the 17th the Army 
Commander, quartered at Baghdad, was attacked by cholera, and on the 
1 8th Sir Stanley Maude died. 

The Effect of Sir E. Allenby's Operations. 

But before this catastrophe occurred, the situation had altered. 
General von Falkenhayn had arranged that the Seventh Turkish Army, 
of the Yilderim Group, should concentrate at Aleppo and, marching down 
the Euphrates, where it would be joined by the German Asiatic Corps, 
commence an offensive against the British left early in December. 

At the end of October and commencement of November Sir E. Allenby 
had attacked the Turks on the Beersheba-Gaza line and driven them in full 
flight into the hills round Jerusalem. 

The preparations for this battle had caused General von Falkenhayn 
to alter his plans. By the end of August he was arguing with Enver Pasha 
(who was all for recovering Baghdad) in favour of shifting the famous 
Yilderim Army to Palestine. 

The situation we had produced can be gathered from a document sent 
to Enver Pasha by Mustapha Kemal. After summarising the position : 

" In the west we are not in contact with the enemy. ... In the 
Caucasus the situation is one of stalemate, and it is impossible for us to 
make headway. ... In Iraq the British have gained their objectives. . . . 
Thus the exigencies of the military situation require us ... to forestall 
the enemy's advance which he is preparing on the borders of Syria. In 
the present state of affairs it is useless to think of the recapture of Baghdad 
with our last reserves. The nearest enemy, the most powerful and most 
prepared, is in Sinai, He cannot be ignored. . . . 

" Though it is necessary to escape from the predicament in which we 
find ourselves in company with Germany, I am opposed to their policy 
of taking advantage of our misfortunes and the prolongation of the War 
to turn us into a German colony and exploit all our resources. ... To 
continually keep oneself in the background will not inspire respect or justice 
in any ally, especially the Germans. The more we give the more they will 
grasp. Falkenhayn, even now, is bold enough to say that he is a German 
before everything and that German interests come first. In Aleppo, and 
Syria, and on the Euphrates, it is impossible to be blind to what German 



96 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

polic}'' and German interests mean. If a German commander is in a 
position to order Turks to die in thousands, it is obvious that the interests 
of the State are not being watched. From the day on which Falkenhayn 
arrived, he sent German Heutenants to the chiefs of the tribes to establish 
direct relations. ' The Arabs are enemies of the Turks. We can gain 
their friendship, as we are neutral,' said Falkenhayn to me, an Army Com- 
mander. He understood from the first that the Iraq project was hopeless, 
so he adopted the exploitation of the country as his aim. In truth he has 
taken all Arabia under his protection, and has now begun the second phase 
of his plan. Abandoning his Iraq objective, he now discusses the chance of 
an offensive in Sinai. What will it be in two months, attack or defence ? 
The talk of an offensive is only an alluring pretext by which the Germans 
hope to seize Syria and Arabia. If in two months the offensive is unfavour- 
able and the defence of Palestine with all the troops proves feasible, there 
is no doubt we shall be very indebted to Falkenhayn if he gains a great 
success. But in that case the Government and country will pass from our 
hands and we shall become a German colony. To this end Falkenhayn 
is wasting the gold in our treasury and shedding the blood of the last Turks 
whom Anatolia can produce." (Official History.) 

An intelligent appreciation. 

The effect of all this is seen in a telegram sent by Sir William Robertson, 
Chief of the Imperial General Staff, to General Marshall, who was appointed 
to the command in succession to Sir Stanley Maude. 

" On your assumption of the command in Mesopotamia I think it 
advisable to recapitulate the instructions issued to your predecessor. 

" I. The prime mission of your force is the establishment and main- 
tenance of British influence in the Baghdad vilayet. Your mission is, 
therefore, primarily defensive, but while making every possible preparation 
to meet attack, you should take advantage of your central position and of 
the superiority of your communications over those of the enemy to make 
your defence as active as possible, and to strike at the enemy whenever he 
gives you an opportunity of doing so with success. 

"2. You are further charged with the protection of the pipe lines and 
oil-fields in the vicinity of the Karun River, and with denying hostile access 
to the Persian Gulf. . . . 

"3. . . . You should endeavour to enlist the co-operation of the 
Russians in blocking the Persian frontier, and are authorised to supply 
such portion of General Baratoff's force as may come forward to the Persian 
frontier, if you can do so without detriment to the maintenance of your 
own force. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 97 

"4. It is important to enlist the co-operation of the Arab tribes. . . . 

" 5. As far as it is possible to judge the situation here, the destruction 
of the enemy's advanced bases at Ramadi and Tikrit, together with the 
successes gained in Palestine and the consequent diversion of the enemy's 
reserves to that theatre, make it impossible for the enemy to bring against 
you this year a force sufficient to threaten you seriously, and make it 
doubtful whether he can do so before the hot weather of 191 8. Much 
depends on the extension of the enemy's railway to Mosul, and it is important 
to obtain all possible information as to this, as well as to get timely notice 
of the enemy's concentration either on the Euphrates or on the Tigris. 

" 6. The general situation makes it important that no more troops 
than are absolutely necessary for the carrying out of your mission, as defined 
in paragraphs i and 2, are locked up in Mesopotamia during the hot weather 
in 191 8, and I therefore wish you to keep in view the possibility of reducing 
your forces before then, and to make all possible preparation to economise 
force to the fullest extent by strengthening your defences and improving 
your communications." ^ 

Third Action of the Jabal Hamrin, 3rd-6th December 191 7. 

General Maude had commenced a move towards the hills, and soon 
after taking over command General Marshall decided to attack the Turks 
in the Jabal Hamrin and along the right bank of the Diyala. The British 
III Corps faced them on the line from the main crossing over the Kurdarra 
River, north of Mansuriya, to the Khalis Canal : the 14th Division was 
on the left bank, and the 13th Division on the right of the Diyala ; there 
was also a Russian detachment under Bicharakoff at Chahriz. 

The Cavalry Division attempted to find a passage through the hills 
on the 2nd December, but discovered that the hills were strongly held by 
the enemy. While this w^as going on, the 37th Brigade Group concentrated 
at Kurdarra crossing ; the 35th Brigade Group at a spot seven miles 
north-east of Shahraban ; the 38th Brigade Group north of Mansuriya ; 
and the 40th Brigade Group about four miles west of Delli Abbas ; but our 
battalion had not yet joined them. 

The forward movements of the various groups commenced after dark 
on the 2nd December. In the 40th Brigade the South Wales Borderers 
and the Cheshire had been selected for the assault, and they found the enemy 
trenches on the plain at the base of the foothills unoccupied. By dawn 
they were established in the hills. 

Our battalion (and the Wiltshire) in Tijdari boarded 200 Ford vans 

1 Mesopotamian Campaign. 
IV — 7 



98 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

and 39 lorries, and moved off at 2.30 a.m. The experiment of motor 
transport was a complete success : there were four men, exclusive of the 
driver, in each Ford, and the cars were drawn up on markers for each 
company. 

At 7 a.m. on the 3rd December our battalion formed up on the left of 
the Cheshire, and a general advance of the brigade commenced in the direc- 
tion of Sakaltutan Pass, over very intricate and difficult country. The 
artillery soon found themselves in trouble. They came across deep, soft, 
impassable sand, and had to make a wide detour which left the infantry 
unsupported during this phase of the operation. 

On the right the South Wales Borderers found the enemy, and while 
the greater part of the battalion was held up, a patrol managed to get through 
and capture some Turks and guns. But the situation was vague, and about 
11.30 a.m. our battalion was halted and ordered to move in to their right, 
as touch had been lost with the Cheshire. Up to this time no opposition 
had been encountered, but our men had suffered considerably from a good 
deal of counter-marching over very stony country. 

At 3 p.m. our battalion was ordered to capture the Sakaltutan Pass 
with the support of the 26th Mountain Battery, which had managed to 
follow. Just before the advance commenced a body of Turks, with some 
mountain guns, was noticed moving along the main ridge of the Jabal 
Hamrin towards the Pass, and when our battalion came within 1,500 yards 
of the Pass these enemy troops were seen manning the defences, and soon 
a hot machine-gun fire w^as being directed against our leading men. 

The country consisted of a series of broken hills and ridges, gradually 
increasing in height towards the Pass — very difficult to negotiate. But 
strong patrols, covered by the fire of massed Lewis guns and a section of 
machine guns, won ground, and by nightfall our leading troops were about 
800 yards from the Pass. 

Various attempts by patrols to make progress after dark met with no 
success until soon after 1 1 p.m., when an officers' patrol went out and found 
the Pass open. Three hours later it was secured by two companies. 

Two squadrons of the 12th Cavalry then went through the Pass and 
joined some of the Cossacks advancing from Kishuk ; they were engaged 
all day with the enemy in the vicinity of Qara Tepe. But the 40th Brigade 
went on, our battalion being in reserve, and finding no opposition secured 
the bridge at Narin Kopri by 9 a.m. Here they rem^ained for the rest of 
the day. Horses were watered for the first time in 36 hours. That night 
our battalion occupied an outpost line on the left bank of the Narin River. 
On the 5th December the enemy on Qara Tepe was attacked by the 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 



99 



40th Brigade, supported this time by the Field Artillery, with success, 
and our battalion moved up from reserve and occupied the position. 

This concluded the operation. Our battalion returned to Narin 
Kopri on the 6th, to Suhaniya on the 7th — this was an unpleasant march in 
a high wind and much dust, with the transport in difficulties over the Pass 
— and to Tijdari on the 8th. 






Narin K^" 







Qanng to tiie ctttm^ly broken 'bi precipitous naUirc 
oi the country^ C0n<;i5tiru5 as it docs ofa. suks o( bttkci 
hiUs arul fidgts §radualiy ihcreasing in height toiiards" 
tht Pass, it vuas 5cm thai ariy ddaimud attadc uAhout 
?de(]ualc arUilcnj support weald bt a costly enlirpriic- . 
Accondir^ly thiadvaruia wasarrcsted; butpafirclsirar 
piishcd cnngelically ibfuJaid under cwcf of massMloyiJ 
§uni & a Section o/machiru: §uj\$,ifb'jni^H-(aS. our- 
tead»^ ltn£5 had Tcached a position d <x> to ^00 tjards 

■patitfe sent out afterdafk uxn fired on 2nd could 
make no pro^itis, but ssi o^Rari' patrol sent out 
at Iff 5p.Tn . found ■tfiat the enemy had Wacuattd 
^position S-by 2JSiisn. ontJ'x 4.^ the Ssstttas 
in our bznds, held by tu?o Ccmpsj:vcs" /y 

QialKfca^ 




/-w Battalion mo\Kd onto }iamlxopn. 
^"tic nc^^ d^ the 4o4'3ru5ad« occ.ipitd 

(fara-Tipc the enemy nitiiin^ rapidly 

behnthcxa. 
Uji had strtngthcncd otir right flank 

considerably and hindered tl-u, — ^ 

Turkish plan forapmetration by 

small forces mto Persia . 



e yyuiu 



For the rest of December and the whole of January, February, and 
March training was carried out when possible. There was a week of 
intense cold in December, and during the other months periods of heavy 
rain, but on the whole the health of the troops was good. The effective 
strength of the battalion at the end of February was 26 officers and 836 
other ranks. 



loo RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

The Effect of Operations in Other Theatres of War. 

Since October 191 7 operations directly affecting Mesopotamia had been 
carried out by Sir E. Allenby in Palestine. After following the Turks 
into the Judean Hills, he captured Jerusalem on the 9th December. As 
affecting the war against Turkey, events in France were exerting a powerful 
influence. Indeed, in making a general survey of the War one has to skip 
about the map in a bewildering fashion. Russia was breaking awa}'^ from 
war altogether, and making peace with Germany and Turkey ; Italy had 
suffered some severe defeats, and was seeking the help of France and 
Britain ; France was breaking up divisions ; we were 100,000 men below 
establishment, and commenced reducing our brigades from four to three 
battalions. But Germany, thanks to the defection of Russia, could bring 
against the Allies on the Western Front something between thirty and forty 
divisions from her Eastern Front. 

It was the panic period for the Allies on the Western Front. Exhausted 
by the Third Battle of Ypres, Haig and Robertson were scraping men 
from anywhere. British battalions were to be replaced where possible 
by Indian. In pursuance of this polic}^ the 7th Indian Division was taken 
from the Mesopotamia Force to go to Palestine (December), and was soon 
followed by the 3rd Indian Division (March). War, on a serious scale, 
practically ceased in Mesopotamia, and the diplomat and secret agent 
became active. General Dunsterville was sent cruising about south of the 
Caucasus and in Persia. It was hoped that a certain number of Russians 
under General Bicharakoff would remain on the Persian Front. Armenians, 
Georgians, and Tartars were uncertain elements in Transcaucasia. Kifri was 
a centre for German and Turkish intrigues. 

Military operations were not entirely abandoned, however, and 
throughout March 191 8 a force under General Brooking, manoeuvring in 
the direction, and beyond Hit, after some sharp engagements broke up the 
50th Turkish Division, capturing 5,254 prisoners, 12 guns, 47 machine 
guns, and quantities of small arms and ammunition. 

News of the German successes in France now began to have an effect 
on Persia, and General Marshall decided that it would be well to drive 
the Turks from the Tuz Khurmatli-Kifri-Qara Tepe area. Plans were 
discussed with General Egerton, commanding the III Corps. 

Action of Tuz Khurmatli, 29TH April 191 8. 

As a result of this decision we find our battalion moving to a brigade 
concentration area on the 24th April, marching through the Abu Hajar 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA loi 

Pass on the 25th, to Narin Kopri Bridge on the 26th, to Lesser Naft River 
on the 27th, and, in two stages, to Kulawand on the 29th. 

The Turkish XIII Corps, which was widely scattered, had Head- 
quarters at Kirkuk. In the area which General Marshall was about to 
deal with was the Turkish 2nd Division — estimated strength 100 sabres, 
2,900 rifles, and 23 guns. 

Against this enemy force four columns were organised : A Column — 
a cavalry column with field artillery and attached units, which included 
an infantry Lewis-gun detachment in 50 Ford vans ; B Column — which 
was subdivided into Bi, a column of all arms containing the 38th Infantry 
Brigade, less the 6th South Lancashire, but with the 9th Royal Warwick- 
shire attached, and B2, a column of all arms containing the 40th Infantry 
Brigade and the 7th Gloucestershire ; C Column — a column of all arms 
containing two battalions of the 37th Infantry Brigade ; D Column — a 
cavalry column (14th Lancers), with a Royal Horse Artillery battery and a 
section of a Light Armoured Motor Batter3\ 

On the 27th April A Column took Kulawand. The next day Kifri 
was occupied by C Column. On the evening of the 28th April General 
Cayley, commanding B Column, issued the order for the 40th Brigade (B2) 
to be at a point two miles north of Kulawand by 5 a.m. and attack north- 
wards, by which time Bi Column was to be across the Aq Su, north of 
Khasradala, and would attack Yanija and Tuz. It was understood that 
A Column would get astride the Tuz-Tauq road by 5 a.m., and the 
intention w^as that the 40th Brigade should seize the northern heights of 
Naft Dagh before dawn, and then push across the Aq Su and cut off the 
enemy line of retreat along the road shown as running across the hills north- 
east of Tuz. 

Our battalion moved at 1.30 a.m., in advance of the main body, with 
instructions to reconnoitre the enemy positions astride the Tuz-Kifri 
road, and if they were found to be held to occupy the high ridge to the 
east, turn the enemy position, and eventually cross the Aq Su. In this 
they would be supported by the main body, which marched at 3 a.m. 
Colonel Gambier-Parry had with him the 26th Mountain Battery (less two 
sections) and one section of the 40th Machine-gun Company. 

D Company, under Captain H. A. Davies, was detailed as the advance 
guard to the march forward. Proceeding along the line of the road a few 
shots were fired at 3.20 a.m. A Company, under Captain Bowen- Jones, 
was sent forward to support Captain Davies, while patrols ascertained the 
strength of the enemy. The battalion halted on the road. 

It was soon discovered that the advance guard was in touch with the 



I02 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

trenches across the road, and that the enemy held them in strength, so 
Captain Bowen- Jones was ordered to move on to the high ground on the 
right, but to keep well south of the trenches reported by aeroplane, and 
shown on the map as running parallel to the road. 

Captain Davies was ordered to rejoin the main body of the battalion. 

Captain Bowen- Jones, however, although he made a wide detour, 
did not get round the trench, which was afterwards discovered to extend 
a mile farther along the hills than shown on the Intelligence map. A 
Company was within 600 yards of the foothills when they were seen and 
fired on by the enemy. The Turks seemed to be in some strength, and 
disclosed at least four machine guns. The battalion, still somewhat 
scattered on the road, in the formation of the original advance, was revealed 
in the swift-breaking dawn, and casualties commenced to mount up. It 
was impossible, in the exposed position in which they found themselves, to 
form up for an attack, and companies were withdrawn to a nullah running 
parallel to the road and on the western side of it. 

In the shelter of the nullah the battalion was reorganised, but had been 
seen, and it was now daylight. To the machine-gun fire the Turks added 
artillery fire, which was very accurate and fairly heavy. 

On an early report of the situation Brigadier-General Lewin ordered 
the Wiltshire to move up into the hills, sweep along the crest of the ridge, 
and relieve any pressure on the Royal Welch. The movement was clearly 
seen by the Royal Welch, who gave covering fire from their nullah. The 
crest was gained by 5 a.m., but the Wiltshire were immediately held up 
by a strong point commanding the length of the ridge. 

There was a pause in the advance while arrangements were made for 
artillery support, and under cover of a bombardment from the howitzers 
the Wiltshire then carried the strong-point. 

About 9.30 a.m. it was noticed from the Royal Welch position that the 
enemy was preparing to withdraw. By 10 a.m. he was in full retreat, with 
our battalion moving in pursuit. The 40th Brigade bivouacked on the 
left bank of the Aq Su for the remainder of the day. 

The battalion casualties in this engagement, which was sharp and 
strenuous, were 3 officers wounded (Captains C. P. Martin and H. W. Cothay, 
and 2nd Lieutenant Fryer), 3 men killed, 5 died of wounds, and 52 wounded. 

Over 200 dead Turks were buried, 1,000 prisoners were taken with 
12 guns, 20 machine guns, and much ammunition. Our total casualties 
were 194. 

Our battalion was employed for the next few days in clearing the 
battlefield and repairing roads. 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 103 

It had become obvious that although the Turks would never stand 
against a mounted attack, a close pursuit of them would lead us into great 



>iijaKachuV- 




difficulty in maintenance. On the other hand, German agents in Persia, 
and the influence of the German successes in France and Flanders, were 
making great headway in that country. And it seemed that the 



I04 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS May 

kaleidoscopic events in Transcaucasia would shortly crystallise into Turkish 
domination. The War Office, therefore, telegraphed to General Marshall 
recommending him to strike hard in the direction of Kirkuk-Sulaimaniya in 
order to divert troops which the Turks intended to send to Persia to support 
a general rising of the Persians. 

General Marshall gave orders immediately for the capture of Kirkuk, 
but informed the War Office of the difficulties which confronted him beyond 
that point. To capture Kirkuk meant that the whole of the III Corps 
would have to be on reduced rations while operations lasted. Summer 
was approaching, and to hold long lines of communications by isolated 
posts in a country lacking shelter and water would be disastrous to the 
health of his troops. A long discussion went on by telegraph. 

For the capture of Kirkuk the columns were reorganised. A Column, 
consisting of one field battery, two light armoured motor batteries, two 
cavalry regiments, and the Lewis gun detachment in Ford cars, and B 
Column, consisting of one squadron of cavalr}^ eighteen guns, and the 38th 
Infantry Brigade, were to be the striking force, while the line of communi- 
cation was to be held by Brigadier-General Lewin with two squadrons of 
the 22nd Cavalry, two batteries of the 5 5th Brigade R.F.A., the 40th 
Infantry Brigade, and No. 237 Machine-gun Company. 

The expedition was entirely successful, the Turks retreating from 
Kirkuk ; but it could not be held, and before the end of May all troops 
were back again on the line of Tuz Khurmatli and Kifri. Our battalion 
did not have a very enviable time on this adventure. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Gambier-Parry had, attached to his battalion, one squadron of cavalry, 
the 273rd Machine-gun Company less one section, one section from B 
Battery 55th Brigade R.F.A., and two sections of the 39th Brigade R.F.A. 
This little force concentrated on the right bank of the Aq Su during the 
evening of the 3rd May. The next day they marched nine miles in heavy 
rain, and on the 5th reached Tauq. 

On the 6th Parry's force was ordered to attack and capture the 
Turkish position at Taza, and to occupy the Qaza Ali Dagh and Chardagly 
Dagh by nightfall. The Turks were found to have evacuated these positions. 

On the 7th rain fell heavily. The roads were converted into rivers 
and the bivouac camp was flooded out, the water being in some places a 
foot deep. The drenched soldiers had to perch themselves on some small 
mounds. 

The next day the force found itself completely isolated. The telegraph 
wires were all broken, and all attempts to get into communication with 
division and brigade failed. The question of food became serious. The 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : MESOPOTAMIA 105 

cavalr}^ were sent out to forage, and returned with some sheep and goats. 
Fortunately, the river fell a little, and the ford at Taza, which had been 
impassable, could be used. Late in the evening Ford vans arrived with 
rations. 

The battalion remained at Taza, repairing roads, until the 14th, when 
their work was finished and they returned to Tauq ; an eight-mile march 
on the 15th ; to Tuz (where their camping area was infested with flies) on 
the 1 6th ; a fifteen-mile march on the 17th ; to Kifri on the i8th ; to 
Sallahiya on the 19th ; to Qara Tepe on the 20th, and there selected a site 
for their summer camp. 

The Advance on Mosul, 23RD October-sth November 191 8. 

It had been agreed with the War Office that General Marshall should 
not undertake any active operations during the hot weather. His army 
was widely distributed : on the right from Kazvin to Kifri and Tuz Khur- 
matli ; in the centre the I Corps was about Samarra ; and on the left the 
15th Division at Ramadi had detachments at Hit and Sahiliya. Our 
battalion spent the summer in improving their camp, in constructing 
and maintaining a swimming-pool, and in growing crops, which they 
harvested. 

The interest of the Higher Command centres during this period in the 
doings of General Dunsterville in Persia and at Baku. Bicharakoff, the 
Commander of the Russian force that had been co-operating with us in 
Mesopotamia, had gone to Baku, where the Menshevik party was attempting 
to stem the Bolshevik tide, and both parties were being menaced by the 
Turks. The 39th Infantr}^ Brigade and part of Dunsterville's force were 
sent to try to save the town, but eventually it fell to the Turks, our troops 
being evacuated in time. 

The general war situation was so dreadfully complicated at this period 
that it was easy to make a false war-policy move. The spectacular successes 
of the Germans in France and Flanders not only swayed the Persians to 
their side, but convinced Enver Pasha that the British could not attack 
in Palestine : he turned his attention once more to the retaking of Baghdad, 
and operations in the direction of Persia and the Caucasus. Although 
it was obvious that exhaustion had already fallen on the Ottoman Empire, 
influence over the Caucasus and Persia was a political lifebuoy. Similar 
considerations were exercising German minds, but their interests were not 
in sympathy with those of Turkey. 

Dawn, on the iSth July, gave birth to a new situation in France, and 



io6 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

the great Allied advance which drove the Germans back to the borders of 
their frontier commenced. On the 19th September General Allenby struck 
in Palestine, and a few days after the fall of Baku the following summary was 
issued by the British Government for the guidance of the British Minister 
in Tehran : 

" The complete destruction of the whole Turkish Army in Palestine 
leaves Syria open to invasion. Every anti-Turkish element in the country 
will support the advancing British. The communications of the Turkish 
force in Mesopotamia are thus seriously threatened, and in all probability 
it will be forced to abandon Mesopotamia altogether. Arabia is completely 
lost to them and the fall of Medina is now imminent. Turkey, in addition 
to being faced with the loss of three-quarters of her Asiatic territory, is 
gravel}' threatened in Europe by the Allied advance in the Balkans, which 
since the 15th September has continued uninterruptedly. The Bulgarian 
Army is in a critical situation and a slight further advance by the Allies 
will sever it in two. To meet all these dangers on so many fronts the Turks 
have only one army left, which is now in the Caucasus and Persia. General 
Allenby's victory has already compelled them to transfer to Constantinople 
a division which was destined for Tabriz ; and the situation in the Balkans 
and Palestine will completely paralyse Turkish operations in the Middle 
East, and in all probability will lead very soon to the evacuation of Persia. 
Thus the whole situation has been transformed in the last few days, and 
the Turks must now think only of protecting their own territory and not 
of further aggression." 

General Marshall, ordered to take advantage of this situation, felt 
himself hampered by lack of transport. Doubts were soon dispelled by 
the retirement of the Turks from Persia, and a forward movement by the 
I Corps, with a small column under Brigadier-General Lewin on the right 
flank, up the Tigris, with Mosul as their ultimate objective. Between the 
1 8th and 30th October this force, under General Cobbe, captured 11,322 
prisoners, 51 guns, and 130 machine guns, the total British casualties being 
1,886. On the ist November advanced British troops twelve miles south 
of Mosul were met by a flag of truce ; the armistice with Turkey had come 
into force on the 31st October. 

In this last advance our battalion played but a small part. Their 
agricultural and other pursuits continued at Qara Tepe until the 8th 
October, when A Company was sent to Kifri. And on the i6th C and D 
Companies were ordered to Tuz to join Lewin's column ; half of C Company 
was left at Tuz, and the remainder proceeded with the column to Kirkuk, 
arriving on the 26th. 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: MESOPOTAMIA 107 

At the end of October our battalion was distributed as follows : 

Abu Hajar . Two platoons B Company, with twelve sabres, 12th 

Cavalry, under Captain Carter. 
Narin Kopri, One platoon B Company, under Lieutenant A. E, 

Birch. 
Qara Tepe . One platoon B Company and twelve sabres, under 

2nd Lieutenant A. H. Philp. 
Kingerba . One platoon A Company and twelve sabres, under 

Lieutenant A. Bouchier. 
Kifri . . A Company, less one platoon, and twelve sabres, 

under Captain Bowen-Jones. 
Tuz . . Half C Company and twelve sabres, under Lieu- 

tenant C. E. L. Locke. 
Tauq . . One platoon C Company and twelve sabres, under 

Lieutenant C. A. LawTenson. 
Taza . . One platoon C Company and twelve sabres, under 

2nd Lieutenant J. Quigley. 
Kirkuk . D Company, under Captains H. A. Davies and A. T. 

Robinson. 

Towards the end of November the echelons commenced moving back, 
and our battalion, less B Company, joined C Echelon at Abu Hajar, near 
which place they went into camp. 

On the I St December 2 officers and 117 other ranks left for the base 
en route for Salonika. The battalion was lectured on the subject of demobil- 
isation, but continued training ; they entertained the Corps Commander 
by a practice attack on Longridge Hill. 

At the beginning of January preparations were made to move down the 
Tigris, and on the nth a string of 173 Army Transport carts arrived to 
take the battalion baggage to the station at Table Mount. Heavy rain 
fell as our battalion left camp on the 12th ; they left in two trains, with 
some details of the North Staffordshire, on the 13th, arriving at Kut at 
2 p.m. on the 14th, Special provision had been made for feeding the 
troops before embarkation ; there were ample stew, tea, and cakes. Thence 
by boat to Amara, arriving at dawn on the i 5th. The camp was at Tabar, 
seven miles below Amara. 

The battalion had practically ceased to exist ; most of the men had 
been sent home, miners going first ; but the cadre remained through the 
summer, arriving eventually at Wrexham on the i6th August, and was 
finally disbanded on the 21st August 1919. 



Nov. 



PALESTINE 

In August 1 9 14 the British troops in Egypt were the 2nd Devonshire, 
ist Worcestershire, 2nd Northamptonshire, 2nd Gordon Highlanders, 
the 3rd Dragoon Guards, a battery of Royal Horse Artillery, a Mountain 
Batter}^ and a Field Company of Royal Engineers. The situation in France 
and Flanders required the instant recall of this handful of troops, and they 
were relieved on the 27th September by the East Lancashire Division, 
Territorial Force, sailing on the 30th, In October, Indian troops began to 
arrive. 

Egypt, after years of British administration, was still nominally a 
province of the Ottoman Empire. The Khedive was actively pro-Turk, and 
when war was declared on Germany he went to Constantinople. Officially 
war was not declared on Turkey until the 5th November, but the situation 
in Egypt was impossible from the commencement of the great struggle. 
Technically Germans could roam abput Egypt at will, German ships could 
use the harbours ! The 5th November put an end to a stupid condition 
of affairs. 

The sole anxiety of the Home Government was to suppress any rising 
that might break out and defend the country from invasion ; the Suez 
Canal must be kept open. Egypt as a base for operations against the Turks 
was the last thing they contemplated. 

Egypt was declared a protectorate on the 1 8th December, the reigning 
Khedive, Abbas Hilmi, was deposed, and his uncle, Prince Hussein Kamel 
Pasha, was raised to the throne with the title of Sultan. 

German and Turkish hopes of a formidable rising against the British 
were soon killed. There was some trouble with the Sultan of Darfur, and 
with the Grand Senussi, but in each case it was of little importance. The 
first serious enemy attempt was in January 191 5, when the Turks tried to 
cross the Suez Canal ; from that date to July 191 6, when they again crossed 
the Sinai Desert, all military operations consisted of the pursuit of a few 
tribesmen. The end of 191 6 saw, however, the commencement of the 
offensive-defence of Sir Archibald Murray. We were then across the Sinai 
Desert. 

108 



1914 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 109 

The Situation. 

Egypt, then, became a British Protectorate in 19 14. The Turkish 
frontier ran from Rafah to the Gulf of Aqaba, but no attempt was made by 
us to guard this frontier, as between it and the Suez Canal lay the Sinai 
Desert. The desert is a serious though not an insuperable obstacle. In 
the Guerre d' Orient : Campagnes d'Egypte et de Syrie, published by General 
Bertrand, we are told how Napoleon tackled the business. 

" The desert which separates Syria from Egypt extends from Gaza to 
Salhiya ; it is seventy leagues [a French league is 4,850 yards]. Caravans 
march eighty hours to cross it. Gaza is one hundred leagues from Cairo. 
The desert is divided into three parts. First from Salhiya to Qatiya there 
are sixteen leagues of arid sand ; one finds no shade, no water, and not a 
vestige of vegetation ; the caravans march for twenty hours. The French 
troops covered the distance in two days, but three are necessary for the 
camels, wheeled vehicles, and artillery. Near Qatiya are moving sands, very 
tiring for transport. Qatiya is an oasis ; there were two wells, rather bitter 
but nevertheless drinkable ; there were about a thousand palm trees which 
could provide shade for four or five thousand men. . . . 

" The second part extends from the oasis of Qatiya to that of El Arish, a 
matter of twenty-five leagues. Caravans are thirty-two hours on the march ; 
the French Army took three and a half days for the journey. One passed 
on this road three wells which marked the stations, but these wells only 
contained supplies for one or two battalions. . . . 

" El Arish is an oasis much more extended and much more productive 
than that of Qatiya. There are six wells that can provide for the needs of 
an army of from fifteen to twenty thousand men, and several thousand 
palm trees that can give it shade. There was a large stone village, contain- 
ing five or six hundred inhabitants, and a stone fort. . . . 

" The third part of this desert extends from El Arish to Gaza, a matter 
of twenty-nine leagues. Caravans are twenty-three to twenty-four hours 
on the road. French troops took three days to cross it. Four leagues from 
El Arish one finds El Kharruha ; four leagues farther the wells of Zowaiid ; 
four leagues from Zowaiid the wells of Rafah ; two leagues farther the castle 
of Khan Yunis ; Syria commences here. From Khan Yunis to Gaza there 
are seven leagues ; it is no longer the desert ; it is an intermediary state, 
between desert and cultivated country. All along the road one follows the 
coast at a distance of a league or half a league. . . . 

" A big army requires then twelve days to cross the great desert and the 
isthmus of Suez, counting one day spent at Qatiya and one at El Arish. . . . 



I lO 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



Feb, 



" It is a ver}^ exhausting and delicate operation to cross the desert in 
summer. First, the heat of the sand ; second, the lack of water ; third, 
the lack of shade, are all capable of perishing an army, or of weakening it, 
or of discouraging it more than can be imagined, 

" Of all the obstacles that can cover the frontiers of empires a desert, 
similar to this, is incontestably the greatest." 

The conditions had not changed, but the Suez Canal had been dug with 
a fresh-water canal on the Egyptian side of it, so that the advantages of 
holding the Canal line rather than the frontier are obvious. 




Before the end of the year the number of Indian battalions sent to 
Egypt, and retained for the defence of the country, was sufficient to form 
the loth and nth Indian Divisions. In addition, Australia and New Zea- 
land sent their first contingents to train in Egypt : Australia, one light 
horse brigade, and one infantry division complete with artillery ; New 
Zealand, 2,500 mounted troops, 5,000 infantry, and one field artillery 
brigade. 

The Canal defences, divided into three sectors, were held by the two 
Indian divisions and by five British and three French ships. General 
Maxwell, who had relieved General Byng in command of the Force in Egypt, 
was well aware that some enterprise was in preparation by the Turks, 



1915 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE iii 

It was thought by the War Office that the largest number of Turkish troops 
that could venture a raid across the desert was 5,000, but early in January 
191 5, French airmen reported that a large force of three divisions was 
assembled on the frontier near Beersheba. The Turkish advance com- 
menced. 

The raid was repulsed, but it gives us an insight into the character of 
the commander we had to meet in subsequent actions. 

Djemal Pasha had been appointed Commander-in-Chief in Syria and 
Palestine, and his plan was to invade and conquer Egj^pt. The operation 
was placed in the hands of Colonel Djemal Bey, who had the able General 
Kress von Kressenstein as his Chief of Staff. 

There were three roads across the desert, marked by a succession of 
wells. The old caravan road, and the best, was along the coast, but it 
was within range of warships ; the second best, through Nekhl to Suez, 
was also commanded by warships in the Gulf of Aqaba. The third, through 
Jifjafa to Ismailia, could not, because of the size and number of its wells, 
carry many troops. All our calculations had been based on these three 
roads. 

The great desert which covers the Sinai Peninsula varies in quality. 
The southern half is mountainous, and is fringed by sand-dunes which are 
impassable for large bodies of troops. The northern half is, in the main, 
hard, although it contains drifts, sometimes several miles wide, of soft 
sand. Kress struck a course for himself over this hard desert, and he 
moved between 20,000 and 25,000 troops to the banks of the Canal without 
losing a man or beast. 

Naturally enough, although the attack on the 3rd February was 
repulsed, this demonstration of what could be accomplished was disturbing 
to those responsible for holding the Canal. But it did not, at that time, 
suggest the possibility of attacking Turkey from Egypt. Attack was 
contemplated, but Alexandretta, Gallipoli, and Salonika were the spots 
under consideration. Gallipoli was finally selected, and caused a diversion 
which, while it lasted, freed Egypt from serious attack. 

The Gallipoli adventure came to an end, but before its close Bulgaria 
had decided to attack Serbia, and the Allies were committed to support 
the Serbians by throwing a force into Salonika. This decision came as an 
aggravation to the Turkish problem. For a moment it had seemed that 
General Townsend's advance towards Baghdad offered opportunities for 
an effective supporting blow, and Alexandretta once more came under 
discussion. 

The breathing-space afforded Egypt by the Gallipoli campaign had 



112 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Jan. 

been used by the Turks to push their narrow-gauge railway down to Beer- 
sheba ; the gaps in the railway line above Alexandretta had not been com- 
pleted, but work was going on apace, and the road had been remade ; at 
all events, the work done had greatly improved their facilities for attacking 
Eg3^pt, and Djemal was determined to continue the narrow-gauge railway 
across the desert. If we could cut the Turkish communications at Alex- 
andretta, it would affect their position in Mesopotamia, and protect Egypt 
from serious invasion. 

The Alexandretta scheme was eventually squashed by the French, 
who would have none of it, so that when the evacuation of Gallipoli, then 
under discussion, was finally agreed upon, Egypt was faced with the prospect 
of speedy invasion. The local opinion was that the Turks would bring 
250,000 men to cross the desert ; the Imperial Staff thought half that 
number. 

To meet this menace a great deal of work had been done before the 
evacuation of Gallipoli commenced. A defensive line, 11,000 yards to 
the east of the Canal, had been sited and was under construction, with 
second and third lines behind it. 

The expedition to Salonika, the evacuation of Gallipoli to its main base, 
Egypt, the defence of Egypt itself, created a situation in the Mediterranean 
which called for reorganisation. Sir William Robertson had just succeeded 
Sir Archibald Murray as Chief of the Imperial General Staff. Sir Archibald 
was sent to Egypt in supreme command of the whole Mediterranean Force, 
including Salonika : his command was afterwards modified. But when he 
arrived on the 9th January 1916, work on the Canal was in full swing, and 
a pipe-line was being laid to take fresh water into the desert. 

At that time there was a very large force in Egypt, and the policy of 
the Imperial General Staflf was indicated by Sir William Robertson : 

" You will realise that the force under your command in Egypt is of 
the nature of a general strategical reserve for the Empire. 

" It is at present quite uncertain what the future action of the enemy 
in the East and Near East may be. The Turks may elect to make their 
main effort in Mesopotamia, while demonstrating against Egypt, or they 
may make their main effort against the latter country. Again, they may 
decide to employ their forces in Europe, set free by the evacuation of Galli- 
poli, to assist the Central Powers and Bulgaria in operations in the Balkans 
or against Rumania. 

" The War Committee has decided that for us France is the main 
theatre of war. It is therefore important that as soon as the situation in 
the East is clearer, no more troops shall be maintained there than are 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 113 

absolutely necessary, but circumstances may make it necessary to reinforce 
our troops either in Mesopotamia or in India or in both. You should, 
therefore, be prepared to detach troops from Egypt when and if the situation 
makes this advisable, 

" Both for the defence of Egypt and the creation of an effective 
strategical reserve, the first requirement is to reorganise the troops in Egypt, 
and to get the depleted and tired divisions from Gallipoli in a condition to 
take the field." 

Reorganisation in Egypt. 

The great exodus from Gallipoli was in progress. The 53rd Division, 
with our three Territorial battalions, the 5th, 6th, and 7th Royal Welch, 
arrived at Alexandria on the 19th December 191 5, and moved into camp 
near a little village called Wardan, on the banks of the Nile. 

The strength of battalions in the division was such that the 5th and 
6th Royal Welch had, as we know, been amalgamated. Their strength, 
as given at the end of the month of December, was : 5th Royal Welch, 
2 officers, 176 other ranks ; 6th Royal Welch, 14 officers, 184 other ranks. 
The 7th Royal Welch, which had retained its identity, from a strength 
return on the 12th December, consisted of 16 officers and 205 other ranks. 
After landing in Egypt Lieutenant-Colonel F. H. Borthwick took command 
of the 5th Battalion and Lieutenant-Colonel C. S. Rome retained the 6th 
Battalion. 

For the first four months of 19 16 the 53rd Division was much scattered, 
units being required to hold posts and protect various works widely apart. 
In the middle of February the 158th Brigade, with our three battalions, 
was sent to relieve the 159th at Wadi Natrun, a small village with a salt 
and soda factory near a chain of salt-w^ater lakes. This post included the 
protection of the Khatatba Canal, which supplied Alexandria with drinking 
water. 

Major-General A. G. Dallas had assumed command of the division on 
the nth January. On the ist April he was appointed to command what 
was known as the North-western Force. The disposition of troops in this 
command covered Alamiein, Moghara, Abbassia, Wadi Natrun, Beni Salama, 
Faiyum, Minia, Sohag, and Suez. The 158th Brigade were still at Wadi 
Natrun ; at Beni Salama we find the ist Montgomeryshire Yeomanry ; 
at Minia the 4th Dismounted Brigade. Troops at Faiyum and Wadi 
Natrun were watching the west, where the Grand Senussi and his tribesmen 
were giving trouble. The 1 59th Brigade was sent on the ist May to Solium, 
which was in the thick of the Senussi rising. 

IV— 8 



114 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS July 

Two Yeomanry units, the South-eastern and the Eastern Mounted 
Brigades, had been in Gallipoli from the 7th October to the 31st December, 
and had then arrived at Sidi Bishr ; with them was the Welsh Horse. 
The two brigades were amalgamated and renamed the 3rd Dismounted 
Brigade, and in February were sent to Kubri, north of Suez. 

The 4th Dismounted Brigade was composed of the South Wales and 
the Welsh Border Yeomanry Brigades, and had sailed from Devonport on 
the 5th March 191 6. Amongst the units of this dismounted brigade were 
the Denbighshire and the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Regiments. 

These three Yeomanry regiments (Welsh Horse, Denbighshire and 
Montgomeryshire) were later to form the 24th and 25th Battalions, Royal 
Welch Fusiliers. 

Our three battalions in the 158th Brigade led a heated existence at 
Wadi Natrun, which was below the level of the sea. In May they moved 
to Zeitoun, near Cairo, and on the 21st June to No. 2 Section, Canal Defences, 
where the 53rd Division was taking over from the 2nd Anzac Division. 

The Canal Defences, running from Suez to Port Said, were divided into 
three sectors, or sections. No. 2 Section ran from Kabrit to Ferdan, with 
Headquarters at Ismailia. 

When Sir Archibald Murray was Chief of the Imperial General Staff 
he had examined the question of defence, and had come to the conclusion 
that the better-watered district round Qatiya should be denied to the enemy. 
He now contemplated going much farther, to El Arish, which would give 
him control of all the water along the old caravan route. Sir William 
Robertson, however, did not view an advance to El Arish with favour ; he 
agreed to the occupation of the Qatiya area, and work on the railway and 
pipe line was pushed ahead in that direction. Troops holding the Canal 
line worked on completing and perfecting the trenches. 

The danger of invasion, which was real, although not to the extent 
feared by Sir Archibald Murray, was reduced during the early months of 
1916 by the victories won by the Grand Duke Nicholas at Erzerum and 
Trebizond. The condition of affairs in Mesopotamia w^as not too good, 
as we know. 

As the railway was pushed out into the desert, so mounted troops 
patrolled wider circles and stood farther out in the desert. Occasionally 
shots were exchanged with small enemy parties ; occasionally our mounted 
troops raided camps and wells, destroying both : the Turks made a successful 
raid against Qatiya, and cut up the Yeomanry, who put up a gallant fight. 
But one can say that the enemy remained quiet until the end of July. 

This dull and uneventful period was, however, of the greatest importance 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 115 

to our three Territorial battalions. Their Gallipoli experience had been 
shattering ; it had left them not only weak in numbers but in health. 
Sickness meant slackness, which had to be cured ; drafts of recruits had to 
be absorbed ; and each battalion had to undergo a process of rebuilding. 
Every battalion in the division was in like case. 

No better commander for the job could have been found than General 
Dallas. He was ably supported by Lieutenant-Colonels F. H. Borthwick, 
C. S. Rome, and T. H. Harker, and although some of the younger officers 
thought they were being unnecessarily worried, there is no doubt that the 
depressed battalions which arrived from Gallipoli became, during this year 
spent on the edge of the sandy desert, well-trained, fighting troops. 

The 158th Brigade, with our three battalions, was in camp in the 
neighbourhood of Moascar. Tents were plentiful, as " it was part of the 
higher policy to induce enemy aeroplanes to believe that there was a large 
force at Ismailia, and to this end a large number of tents were pitched," 
but troops experienced tremendous heat. " We began serious training in 
the digging of soft sand trenches, and found what immense labour was 
involved in throwing out enough sand to get any sort of depth. A trench 
had to be eighteen feet wide to get down five feet. When the required 
depth had been reached, the walls of the trench, whether of hurdles or 
sandbags, were built, and then the sand was all shovelled back against them. 
The pressure of the sand would then frequently crush the whole thing 
inwards, and it had to be done afresh, supplemented with heavy cross- 
pieces at the top and bottom." ^ 

The Battle of Romani, 4TH-5TH August 191 6. Area East of the 
Canal and North of Ismailia. 

Nothing occurred to upset the even passing of uneventful days until 
the 17th July, when enemy aircraft suddenly became active. On the 19th 
July our own aircraft discovered a concentration of Turks at two hitherto 
deserted oases. It was soon apparent that the enemy was preparing the 
long-expected advance. The 158th Brigade was ordered to Romani. 

Romani lies between Qatiya and the coast, but, in relation to the front, 
behind Qatiya, and it marked rail-head. It was in No. 3 Section, and was 
held by the 52nd (Lowland) Division, occupying a line that rested on the 
sea, running like a fish-hook round Romani Station, and sited on a line of 
sandhills. From many points the palm groves of Qatiya Oasis could be 
seen across the wide intervening stretch of bare, rolling desert. The 158th 
Brigade arrived at Romani on the 21st July. 

^ Captain Ashton, Brigade Major : History of the ^^rd {Welsh) Division. 



ii6 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

Sir Archibald ]\lurray was quite prepared for the Turkish attack, and 
had rightly anticipated that it would be launched against the right of our 
Romani position. He had, echeloned to his right rear, the New Zealand 
Mounted Rifle Brigade at Dueidar and Hill 70, and at Hill 40 the ist 
Dismounted Yeomanry Brigade. 

At Romani the line ran : 155th Brigade, 158th Brigade (less our 5th 
Battalion), and the 1 57th Brigade ; our 5th Battalion and the 1 56th Brigade 
were held in reserve at Romani Station. 

The Turks, under Kress, came on slowly, preparing, as they advanced, 
successive lines of defence, Australian Mounted troops kept in touch with 
them. Sir Archibald Murray's plan was to make as stout a resistance as 
possible about a mound called Katib Gannit, and to this end two brigades, 
the I St and 2nd Light Horse Brigades, under General Chauvel, had recon- 
noitred a position between Katib Gannit and Hod el Enna, on the edge of a 
tumbled area of sand-dunes that cropped up suddenly across the flat desert. 
When the enemy was committed against this position, he was to be attacked 
in flank from Dueidar and the Canal Defences, while a mobile column 
swung wide round his flank to take him in rear. 

The Katib Gannit position was not entrenched ; the main position, 
held by the 52nd Division, was a series of redoubts. Off the coast, about 
Mahamdiya, British monitors were able before the end of the month to 
shell the advanced Turkish troops. The 42nd Division had been moved 
from Qantara, along the railway, at Gilban Station, Hill 70, and Hill 40. 

The honours of the battle of Romani lie with the mounted troops. 
The Turks advanced against our right flank during the night, 3rd/4th August, 
and found the gullies leading to the sand-dune area held. The battle 
commenced about 2 a.m., but no sound reached our battalions until about 
3.30 a.m., when rifle fire was heard from the south-east, and a report 
circulated that the mounted troops were being pressed back. 

Soon after 5 a.m. the battle was brought to Romani Camp by four 
enemy aeroplanes, which flew round for about an hour and dropped some 
thirty bombs without inflicting much damage. 

No sooner had the aeroplanes departed than the Turkish artillery 
commenced to shell the oasis. But up to 7 a.m. no sign of enemy movement 
had been observed on the 1 58th Brigade front ; a few troops were then seen 
in the far distance. 

Our counter-movement against the enemy's left flank did not commence 
until 5.35 a.m., and by that time the mounted troops opposing the Turks 
had been slowly forced back almost to Pelusium Station. The Turks also 
launched an attack against the bend in the hook of the main line, but it 



1916 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 117 

was never pushed home, and our 6th and 7th BattaUons had only a fleeting 
ghmpse of the enemy. 

At Romani the is6th Brigade, with our 5th BattaHon attached, 
waited. The heat of the day and the strong fight put up by the mounted 
troops began to tell on the enemy ; towards evening New Zealanders and 
Yeomanry drove the Turks from Mount Royston, and at 5 p.m. the 156th 
Brigade was ordered to attack Wellington Ridge. 

Brigadier-General Girdwood launched the 7th and 8th Cameronians 
just before it was dark, and the 8th Cameronians, with D Company of our 
5th Battalion in support, were held up by rifle fire within a hundred yards 
of the crest of the ridge. Here they remained through the night. 

When the advance was resumed at daybreak, the Turks were exhausted. 
White flags and a forest of arms went up : 1,500 prisoners were taken about 
Wellington Ridge. 

It was thought that the enemy was demoralised, but General Kress 
was an able soldier and, falling back on the successive lines he had prepared, 
he escaped in good order. Altogether we captured about 4,000 Turks. 

The casualties of our 5th Battalion are returned as 1 1 ; no return was 
made for either of the other two. 

On the 14th August the 158th Brigade went back to El Ferdan, where 
they remained for the next three months training, cooling themselves by 
bathing in the Canal, and seeking such amusement as occasional journeys 
to Port Said provided. 

Yeomanry Dismounted, The 24TH and 25TH Battalions. 

The diary of events which led the British Army across the Sinai Desert 
is given in Military Operations : Egypt and Palestine as commencing with 
the occupation of the Qatiya basin in April ; Turkish surprise attack on 
the mounted troops, 23rd April ; occupation of the Romani Oasis — railway 
and wire road laid to Romani (23 miles) through April and August ; railhead 
8 miles east of Salmana (54 miles) — pipehead Romani (23 miles), 17th 
November; railhead east of Mazar (64 miles), ist December; occupation 
of El Arish (90 miles), 21st December ; pursuit of Turks and destruction of 
rear-guard at Magdhaba, 23rd December ; capture of Turkish force at 
Rafah, on the Palestine frontier (117 miles), 9th January 191 7. 

The last six months of 191 6 were devoted to the Battle of the Somme in 
France", the battering-ram policy. In Mesopotamia General Maude com- 
menced to move in December 191 6, but the battle that swept the Turks 
from Kut only started on the 9th January 191 7. The Government and the 
Imperial General Staff, looking at the War as a whole, found no outstanding 



ii8 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

success which could be exploited ; their policy with regard to Egypt and 
the war with Turkey generally was indefinite. Before the Battle of Romani 
Sir Archibald Murray's suggestion to occupy El Arish was approved with 
something like enthusiasm — at that moment the Arab revolt in the Hejaz 
had just broken out, and the Somme offensive had not begun — but after 
Romani Sir Archibald's force was reduced by five dismounted Yeomanry 
regiments, his divisions were below strength, and any spark of enthusiasm 
for war in Palestine died. 

Sir Archibald wanted five divisions — he had four. After occupying 
El Arish he wished to pursue an offensive defence and hold enemy troops 
which might otherwise be engaged against the Sherif of Hejaz, the Russians, 
or in Mesopotamia. " The Egyptian Field Force must always be necessary, 
and to reduce it below a certain figure, which I consider has now been 
reached, relegates it to a purely defensive role which might lead to its being 
ignored ; whilst if we keep it to its present strength, the offensive action it is 
capable of must draw the enemy forces against it. . . ." 

Then, in December, Sir William Robertson was approached by the 
new Prime Minister, Mr. Lloyd George, who thought that the capture of 
Jerusalem would have a wide moral effect, and seemed for a moment to 
favour more active operations against Palestine. He wired : "A success 
is badly needed, and your operations promise well." But this was quickly 
followed by a more cautious telegram : " In order that any possibility of 
misunderstanding may be removed, I wish to make it clear that, notwith- 
standing the instructions recently sent to you to the effect that you should 
make your maximum effort during the winter, your primary mission 
remains unchanged, that is to say, it is the defence of Egypt. You will be 
informed if and when the War Cabinet changes this policy." 

Other telegrams of a like nature were sent, and on the 1 7th January 
the War Office ordered Sir Archibald to send one of his divisions to France — 
the 42nd was chosen. This entailed a rearrangement of his force. 

General Headquarters were in Cairo, a distant centre made necessary 
by the peculiar political situation of Egypt ; and in October Sir Charles 
Dobell, who, after his successful operations against the Germans in the 
Cameroons, had commanded the Western Frontier Force of Egypt, was 
given command of the force on the Canal and in Sinai ; he was given the 
title of G.O.C. Eastern Frontier Force. He had under his command the 
Imperial Mounted Division, Anzac Mounted Division, Camel Brigade, 
the 52nd, 53rd, and S4th Infantry Divisions, to which was added a new 
division. 

Sir Archibald had the 2nd Dismounted Brigade, which was made up 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 119 

of the Highland Mounted Brigade and the South-western Mounted Brigade ; 
the 3rd Dismounted Brigade, made up of the South-eastern and Eastern 
Mounted Brigades ; and the 4th Dismounted Brigade, made up of the 
South Wales and the Welsh Border Mounted Brigades. These units now 
became definitely infantry units for the period of the war, and were posted 
to the new 74th Division. 

The Welsh Horse had originally been in the Eastern Mounted Brigade ; 
the Denbighshire Yeomanry in the South Wales Mounted Brigade ; the 
Montgomeryshire Yeomanry in the Welsh Border Mounted Brigade. The 
Denbighshire Yeomanry, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Clegg, then 
became the 24th Battalion Royal Welch Fusiliers — they had been moved 
from the Western Frontier zone to Sherika — and on the 2nd February 
191 7 were inspected by the Commander-in-Chief in their new role as infantry. 
The Montgomeryshire and the Welsh Horse Yeomanry Regiments were 
fused into the 25th Royal Welch Fusiliers on the 4th March at a place called 
Helmia. 

The reorganisation of his mounted troops gave Sir Archibald Murray 
the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division and the Imperial 
Mounted Division, each of four brigades. 

The reorganisation meant the transfer of many units from garrison 
duties in Egypt to Sir Charles Dobell's Eastern Frontier Force. The War 
Office had, however, been forming and sending abroad battalions of old 
soldiers, and men suffering from some disability w^hich prevented more active 
employment, for garrison duty. Amongst those sent to Egypt were the 
2nd (Garrison) and 6th (Garrison) Battalions Royal Welch Fusiliers. 

We have to deal now with the 5th, 6th, 7th, 24th, and 25th Battalions 
with the Eastern Frontier Force, and the 2nd and 6th (Garrison) Battalions 
in Egypt. 

The 2ND (Garrison) Battalion. 

The 2nd (Garrison) Battalion was formed on the 21st October 191 5, 
out of drafts from the 3rd Royal Welch Fusiliers, 3rd South Wales Borderers, 
3rd Cheshire, and 3rd South Lancashire (Prince of Wales' Volunteers). 
The new battalion was stationed at Garswood Park, near Wigan, and was 
commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel W. Hussey Walsh. 

This battalion sailed from Devonport on the 6th March, and arrived 
at Alexandria on the 15th March 1916. The battalion went to Zagazig, 
and sent A Company to Tel el Kebir and D Company to Belbeis. On the 
2ist April the battalion was sent to Cairo. 

At the memorial service for Lord Kitchener, held on the 13th June 



I20 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

(which was attended by the 5th, 6th, and 7th Battalions), the buglers of 
the 2nd (Garrison) Battalion sounded the " Last Post." 

They left Cairo on the 27th February 191 7, for Alexandria, en route to 
Solium Bay, which had been the centre of the Senussi trouble. Here they 
remained. 

The 6th (Garrison) Battalion. 

The 6th (Garrison) Battalion was formed at Aintree, Liverpool, on the 
1 8th September 1916. It is somewhat remarkable to find that included 
in its ranks were 350 men who had already seen active service. With such 
a backing the battalion was soon ready for service, and sailed on the s.s. 
Tofua on the 23rd January, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Lushington. On arrival in Egypt the battalion was stationed at the 
Citadel, Cairo. 

Across the Desert. 

By the 31st December 1916 the Egyptian Province of Sinai was free 
from the enemy invasion. Our three Territorial battalions were still em- 
ployed on the Canal defences (eating a frugal Christmas dinner at Romani), 
but on the i8th January the 53rd Division, with Headquarters at Maham- 
diya, were ordered to concentrate at Mazar by the 31st of the month. 
The 1 60th Brigade had already moved forward to Bir el Abd, and the 
division, in two columns, followed them on the 20th, arriving at El Abd 
on the 27th. Their destination was then changed to El Arish, where they 
were ordered to relieve the 42nd Division. 

Our men had become accustomed to a landscape of sand, and the march 
across the desert was monotonous, but to some it contained a mysterious 
charm, especially at dawn and in the evening. Before the sun is high the 
mounds and ridges cast shadows over the still wilderness of sand ; the 
changing light is fascinating. And there was mystery, too, in the sudden 
discovery of oases — they were usually close below a ridge of sand, completely 
hidden, little patches of shading palm trees. And then came the magical 
change on crossing the Wadi el Arish — from waste to growth, from sand 
to green grass. 

Looking from the desert there lies before you a country of rolling 
downs. On the hillside there are patches of barley, and in the spring all 
is covered with the brilliant colour of red and yellow poppies, pink dianthus, 
w^hite and pink convolvulus. Tow^ards the sea a long valley divides the 
downland from a coastal fringe of high, soft, sandhills, and along the valley 
runs the old caravan road to Gaza. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 121 

It is a dry and treeless land, but where there is water fig-trees and olives 
flourish. The town of Khan Yunis is surrounded by gardens, edged with 
enormous cactus hedges ; and there were small villages, little hamlets. 

From inland heights the great Wadi Ghazze runs across this front, a 
wide cleft in the soft soil, cut by the flood of winter rain ; and into it, from 
the downland, there runs a countless number of tributary wadis, deep, 
angry-looking scars in the hillside. On the left bank of the Wadi Ghazze 
there are a few landmarks such as Tel el Jemmi, Tel el Fara, In Seirat, and 
Raspberry Hill, but on the right bank there is a definite ridge culminating 
at Sheikh Abbas in a curious sort of cliff. 

From Sheikh Abbas, across an open plain, the hill Ali Muntar, 
surmounted by a mosque, marks the outskirts of Gaza, hidden in a forest 
of olive trees. Across the plain runs the road to Beersheba. 

The pipe-line reached El Arish on the 15th February 191 7. Khan 
Yunis was occupied by the Desert Column on the 28th February. The 
Turks held a strong position at Shellal. 

What was known as the Desert Column consisted of the Australian and 
New Zealand Mounted Division (less the ist Light Horse Brigade), the 
Imperial Mounted Division (less the 4th Light Horse Brigade), and the 
53rd Division, under the command of General Chetwode. General Dobell 
held under his own hand the 52nd and 54th Divisions, the 229th Brigade 
from the 74th Division now forming, and the Imperial Camel Brigade. 

The 53rd Division had concentrated at Sheikh Zowaiid on the 22nd 
February. Sir Archibald Murray's intention was to attack the Turkish 
position at Shellal when, on the 5th March, the Turks suddenly withdrew 
to Gaza and Tell esh Sheria. His instructions from the Imperial Staff 
remained the same — that no advance was to be made into Palestine until 
the autumn ; but at the beginning of March they were modified to include 
" pressure on all fronts." His contemplated attack on Gaza fell in, there- 
fore, with the policy of the War Cabinet. 



THE FIRST OFFENSIVE. 

First Battle of Gaza, 26TH-27TH March. Area North of the Line 

Beersheba-Belah. 
Owing to water and transport difficulties. Sir Archibald limited his 
plan to a cutting-out expedition, for which the disposition of the Turkish 
forces was favourable : with a strength of 16,000 rifles in the line, the 
Turks had their main forces between Abu Hureira and Beersheba, and a 
detachment at Gaza. 



122 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

Sir Archibald Murray was able to maintain the whole of the Eastern 
Force at Rafah, but was not in a position to employ more in this operation 
than the portion of it known as the Desert Column — two mounted divisions 
and the 53rd Infantry Division — commanded by General Chetwode. But 
the S4th Division w^as to move forward and protect the right flank of the 
Desert Column against any enterprise from the Abu Hureira-Beersheba 
line, and the 52nd Division, denuded of all but the ist line Transport, was 
in reserve east of Kahn Yunis. 

The high ground which encircles the west and southern sides of the 
plain east of Gaza runs down to the Wadi Ghazze in three ridges. Then 
comes the old caravan road from the desert to Gaza, then the sand-dunes. 
The Turks did not hold the line of the Wadi Ghazze, and allowed the lower 
slopes of the ridges on its right bank to be reconnoitred. " They were 
rather jolly outings," says Captain Ashton, Brigade Major of the 158th 
Brigade. " One would make one's way slowly and steadily out all morning, 
till one reached the desired spot, when one would have a real good look with 
glasses and a map. A picnic lunch followed, an hour's easy, and one would 
start off home again, and everything was so green and fresh with the ground 
fairly covered with little scarlet tulips." ^ 

The Turkish defences encircled the town, lying on the edge of the groves 
and gardens, and including the hills to the south and east, the most important 
of which were Green Hill, Ali Muntar, and Clay Hill. 

Sir Charles Dobell's plan was a bold one. On the morning of the 26th 
March the two mounted divisions were to cross the Wadi Ghazze south of 
El Breij and, riding in a wide circle, throw a strong protecting screen round 
Gaza : the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division from the sea 
near Wadi Hesi, north of Gaza, through Deir Sneid to Nejile and Huj ; the 
Imperial Mounted Division to continue the line from Huj through Khirbet 
el Resum to the Gaza-Beersheba road. The 54th Division was to follow 
the cavalry and occupy Sheikh Abbas. The Imperial Camel Corps were to 
clear the right bank of the 54th Division. With the arena held by these 
troops, the 53rd Division was to attack the town. 

Of the 53rd Division, one battalion of the i6oth Brigade, with a cavalry 
regiment and a section of artillery, were to demonstrate on the sand- 
dunes with the object of holding the enemy in his works south-west of 
Gaza. 

The bulk of the Division would cross the Wadi Ghazze between El 
Sire and El Breij, and occupy the line El Sheluf-Kh. Mansura-Tell el 
Ahmar. A " visual reconnaissance will then be made of the enemy's 

* History of the 5yd Division. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 123 

position about Ali Muntar, and arrangements made for the attack of that 
position." 

In preparation for the attack the 53rd Division moved to Rafah on the 
2ist March, and on the 24th to Khan Yunis, a squalid little town out of 
which the tower of an old Crusader's fort thrusts itself ; but it is surrounded 
by a wide fringe of gardens and fruit groves which afforded good cover from 
the air. 

The next day the division moved to Deir el Bulah, another wooded area. 
The officers reconnoitred the ground for the approach to battle on the 26th. 
They sat on the forward slopes of In Seirat, which gave them a good view 
across the Wadi Ghazze, while General Dallas pointed out the lines of 
advance of the three brigades. The officers then went down to the wadi to 
the crossings allotted to their units, and, in the case of the is8th Brigade, 
surveyed the route back to the starting-point of the brigade, behind Druid's 
Hill, north of Deir el Bulah. " It was an infernally difficult route, as 
various small wadis had to be crossed, but we got it pretty clear, with plenty 
of notes and compass bearings." The reconnoitring party returned to 
Druid's Hill as the brigade was marching in, about 6 p.m. 

The latter part of the day's work was, however, wasted, as an order 
was issued at 9 p.m. that the brigade would proceed by a taped route and 
that a guide would be provided. 

The starting-hour was i a.m., and the head of the column, our 5th 
Battalion, appeared punctually — and waited. The guide was lost ! 
Officers were sent out to search for him ; he was found about 1.30 a.m. 

It was a clear, starlit night with no moon. The long column started 
out, marching through nearly full-grown barley and green crops ; there 
was a heavy dew, and all ranks were soaked to the waist. Soon it was 
found that the guide had not the vaguest notion where he was ; his strips 
of canvas had been removed by some irresponsible person, and he had not 
reconnoitred the route. Brigadier-General Mott, who had an excellent 
eye for country, led the column himself on a rough compass bearing, and 
found the El Breij hut, about half a mile from the Wadi Ghazze. A 
crossing was discovered — not the right one — and the brigade finally stood 
on the right bank at 4.35 a.m., nearly an hour late, and dawn breaking 1 

The brigade was scarcely across the wadi when a thick sea-fog rolled 
inland, blotted out the dawn, and reduced visibility to about 50 yards. 
Already "an hour late, and conscious of the importance of time, the Brigadier 
led his brigade — " the most amazing fine leading : dashing off on a horse, 
and aided by a natural sense of country " — and at 8.30 a.m. the whole 
column was snugly tucked away in a covered position near Mansura. 



124 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

The fog had by this time dispersed on the high ground, and the 158th 
Brigade got into touch with the i6oth at El Sheluf, on the ridge on the left. 
The 159th Brigade had crossed the Wadi Ghazze after the 158th, but had 
remained, according to orders, on the right bank. A message requesting 
orders sent about this time received the reply that the brigade was to stay 
where it was. 

A sea-fog is by no means an uncommon occurrence — it had been 
experienced by our battalions during the latter stages of their march across 
the desert — but it was unusual at that time of year. The time-table 
provided no margin, and the Higher Command was greatly exercised in 
mind when the fog descended. Nothing could, however, be done, as the 
whole of the Desert Column was already on the move : the leading brigade 
of the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division crossed the wadi 
when the fog was at its thickest, and at 9 a.m. the 2nd Light Horse had 
reached Beit Durdis. By 1 1 a.m. the 7th Australian Light Horse had 
reached the sea, north of Gaza. 

By 10.30 a.m. the masking of Gaza was completed : the 54th Division 
was on the Sheikh Abbas position, digging a line of trenches facing east ; 
the camel brigade was away on their right flank, and the two mounted 
divisions were just completing the circle to the sea. And before that hour 
the attacking units were in position : the 158th Brigade at Mansura ; the 
1 60th at El Sheluf ; the 159th (ordered to move from the right bank of 
the wadi at 9.30 a.m.) was marching towards Mansura ; the two artillery 
brigades, 265th and 266th, were ready to fire (the 266th had actually fired 
at Ali Muntar at 10.10 a.m.). 

It was said that the sea-fog snatched complete success from the Desert 
Column by depriving them of so many hours of daylight, but as a study of 
events will show, there were contributory causes far more serious than 
the fog. 

The 158th Brigade w^ere at the curious cliff-edge of Mansura at 9 a.m.^ 
and officers were looking over the side at the great plain between them and 
Gaza. 

The 159th Brigade had asked repeatedly for orders, but were held on 
the bank of the Wadi Ghazze until 9.30 a.m., when the Brigadier was also 
ordered to attend a conference at Mansura : all officers called were present 
at 10.15. 

General Dallas allotted objectives to brigades, the 158th Brigade's task 
being to attack Ali Muntar from the east with the 159th Brigade on their 
right ; but Brigadier-General Travers stated that the 159th Brigade, only 
having received orders to move at 9.30, had not really got on the move 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 125 

until 10 a.m. and would require at least i^ hours to cross the three miles 
of rough country to Mansura. Also Brigadier-General Le Mottee made the 
curious statement that his artillery would not be in position for two hours, 
which suggested the probable hour of advance would be 12.30 p.m. 

At the termination of the conference Commanding Officers were in- 
formed of the plan of attack, and viewed the position, after which everyone 
rested. (" I had a desperate job to keep awake." — Ashton.) 

General Chetwode had hoped that the attack would be launched at 
10 a.m., and at 10.15 wired to General Dallas impressing on him the need 
for speed}^ action. General Dallas replied at 10.50 that there had been 
difficulty in bringing up the artillery, but he hoped to attack at noon. At 
11.30 General Chetwode wired again ordering General Dallas to start his 
attack forthwith. 

The 1 58th Brigade was suddenly ordered to advance. 

Our three battalions were ordered to attack in line ; the Herefordshire 
were held in Brigade reserve. The actual times recorded in battalion 
and brigade diaries do not always agree, but the sequence of events is easy 
to follow. 

Brigade and Divisional Headquarters were in close touch, both being 
at Mansura. General Dallas himself showed the Desert Column messages 
to Brigadier-General Mott, and when he ordered the advance to commence, 
before the 1 59th Brigade had arrived, is stated to have said that he thought 
Ali Muntar was unoccupied, as our cavalry had been seen to the north 
of Gaza. General Dallas also said that the artillery would be under 
Divisional control. 

Orders for the attack had been given verbally, and were embodied in 
a short wTitten order which was delivered later : 

" The Division will attack the Ali Muntar position as follows : 

" i6oth Brigade along the main ridge from the south-west on Ali 
Muntar ; 

" 158th Brigade from the east, also on Ali Muntar ; 

" 1 59th Brigade, less one battalion, on the hill north-east of Ali Muntar, 
indicated to G.O.C. 1 59th Brigade, at the same time covering the right flank 
of the I 58th Brigade ; 

" The artillery of the division will support the attack under order of 
the C.R.A. ; 

" The G.O.C. 159th Brigade will detail one battalion in divisional 
reserve at Mansura." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Borthwick, commanding our 5th Battalion, was 
ordered to move from the protecting rim at Mansura in an easterly direction 



126 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

for about a thousand yards, and then to wheel on AH Muntar on a two- 
company front. The 6th (Lieutenant-Colonel Rome) and 7th (Lieutenant- 
Colonel Harker) Battalions were to follow, each wheeling left 500 yards 
beyond the point of deployment of the last. 

Soon aftfer noon our 5th Battalion had deployed on ground that fell 
gently towards the steeper slopes of Ali Muntar. They were in full view 
of the enemy, but not a shot was fired until they commenced to advance 
down the slope, w-hen the Turks opened artillery fire. The shrapnel, 
however, burst high. 

The battalion moved rapidly towards the Cactus Gardens, about 800 
3'ards from Ali Muntar ; as they neared the Garden heavy machine-gun 
and rifle fire was opened on them by the Turks. The battalion lay down 
and waited for the rest of the brigade to come up. 

Now^ the 6th Battalion came into line, followed by the 7th. The story 
is graphically told in the 7th Battalion Diary : 

" During the advance the enemy's artillery opened a pretty hot shrapnel 
and high-explosive fire on the brigade ; fortunately few casualties occurred 
during that period. This advance was carried out perfectly by the troops, 
and also the wheel facing north. Each battalion as it completed its wheel 
went quickly forward towards its objective till the firing-line was held up 
by heavy rifle and machine-gun fire about 500 yards from the enemy position. 
I must point out that the last 1,500 yards of our advance was in full view 
of the enemy and an absolutely open glacis ; the battalion nevertheless 
worked a magnificent advance in splendid order, showing the greatest 
bravery and determination." (Harker.) 

Our 5th Battalion remained for an hour under heavy fire from Green 
Hill and Ali Muntar before the wheel was completed. The Brigadier was 
in communication with Lieutenant-Colonel Borthwick, and learned that 
Green Hill, on the left of the 5th Battalion, was strongly held. The 159th 
Brigade had arrived at Mansura about noon, and was immediately ordered 
by General Dallas to prolong the right of the Royal Welch line ; battalions 
were streaming out across the rear of the firing-line, so eager that long 
stretches were covered at the double. But it was obvious to Brigadier- 
General Mott that his brigade had struck in rather too far north, and that 
his left was his weak spot. He therefore decided to put in his reserve 
battalion, the Herefordshire, to advance on Green Hill. 

The Herefordshire moved out about 1.45 p.m. ; the 159th Brigade were 
level with the Royal Welch soon after 2 p.m. The whole line remained 
stationary until 3.50 p.m. 

At this time the advance of the i6oth Brigade, which would have 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 127 

materially assisted the Royal Welch, was held. They had captured the 
Lab^Tinth, a maze of trenches and cactus hedges, south of Gaza, but their 
losses had been severe, troops were much shaken, and further advance was 
out of the question — indeed, stragglers began to trickle back through the 
batteries of the 265th Field Brigade. 

The whole of the 53rd Division was committed, excepting the 7th 
Cheshire held in divisional reserve. 

General Dobell had informed General Dallas that he could have the 
i6ist Infantry Brigade and the 271st Field Artillery Brigade if he required 
them, and early in the morning (10 o'clock) General Dallas had telegraphed 
to Desert Column to be informed of the position of the i6ist Brigade. 
Desert Column replied that the brigade was at Sheikh Nebhan ; but the 
brigade had been ordered by Eastern Force to move from Sheikh Nebhan 
to El Burjabye, a position from which it could support either the 53rd or 
54th Divisions, and, having reached that position, the Brigade Commander, 
thinking it too exposed, moved into the valley between Burjabye and Es Sire 
Ridges. Consequently, when General Dallas opened his attack and wired 
an order to the i6ist Brigade to move up to Mansura, that order never 
reached the brigade. At i.io p.m. a separate order from Eastern Force 
moved the brigade to Mansura, and it arrived there about 3.30 p.m. 

The moment the i6ist Brigade arrived. General Dallas sent his Cheshire 
Battalion to join the 1 59th Brigade, and ordered the i6ist, less one battalion, 
to capture Green Hill and fill the gap between the 1 58th and i6oth Brigades. 
The brigade commenced to advance at 4 p.m. 

Our three battalions had remained motionless until 3.50 p.m. Captain 
E. W. Walker, of our 7th Battalion, on the extreme right of the 158th 
Brigade line, had managed, with 2nd Lieutenants Latham, Thomas, and 
Westcombe, to get within 200 yards of the enemy position. " I now sent 
back a written message to my Commanding Officer, stating that with the 
help of supports I was in a position to assault, and asking that bombardment 
be lifted. I afterwards learned that this message did not reach him. 
This was about 14.30 hours, and I waited in the hope of support for about 
an hour. This delay caused me many casualties, but we were not under 
machine-gun fire. Mr. Westcombe was hit during this time, after excellent 
work. I was greatly helped by overhead machine-gun fire from the ridge 
behind me, and by the Lewis gun with me brought up by the 5th Welch 
Regiment. Mr. Roberts from D Company here came over to me, and I 
found that he was suffering more heavily than I was, and could obtain no 
support. All the supports of his own brigade behind him had come up. 
Apart from a machine gun in a gully, which I could plainly see firing to my 



128 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

left, there was extraordinary little fire on our position. Just after this 
there was a direct hit on the machine gun in the gully, and the artillery 
bombardment seemed mostly on foreside of the position, I saw Mr. Roberts, 
Mr. Lastin, and an officer of the 5th Welch Regiment, and we assaulted. 
I was here separated from Mr, Latham, who assaulted through the prickly- 
pear hedge, while I went up the gully to machine gun, which, however, 
offered no resistance. 

" I then sent parties round the trenches, and turned out and collected 
about 20 Austrian and German prisoners, some of whom were officers, and 
about 1 2 Turks. Unfortunately a second machine gun managed to get away 
into the trenches farther to the left, from where it caused us several casualties, 
I reported capture of hill, machine gun, and prisoners to my Commanding 
Officer in duplicate, but I learned that neither message reached him. 

" The time was, as far as I can remember, 15.50, but I subsequently 
lost my notebook. At this time, about five minutes after the capture of 
the hill, I was reinforced by a strong party of the 7th Cheshire, under 
Colonel Lawrence, who then took command and consolidated the position," 
(E, W. Walker,) 

Second Lieutenant C. Latham, after charging through the cactus, " con- 
tinued clearing cactus gardens, and rounding up all prisoners under a heavy 
sniping fire, I then met a major of the Cheshire Regiment, who asked me 
to organise all men I could get hold of, and build up a line of defence along 
the prickly pears running north-east, and commanding a good view of 
Gaza town, which was a splendid position for a counter-attack. This 
position was held at night by several units, men reporting from all quarters 
of the fighting area, and were all put on duty to strengthen the defence, 
and reorganise into their own units, which chiefly consisted of the 7th 
Royal Welch Fusiliers, 5th Welch Regiment, and 7th Cheshire Regiment." 
(C. Latham.) 

This effort of our 7th Battalion started a general advance along the 
whole line. The 159th Brigade stormed Clay Hill, a nasty hummuck with 
a lot of cactus hedges, at 4,45 p,m. At 5,30 p,m. the i6ist Brigade had 
driven the Turks from Green Hill. All the high ground overlooking Gaza 
was in our hands, for the i6oth Brigade still held the Labyrinth, and 
mounted troops were pressing down on the town from the north. 

The situation on Ali Muntar Hill is described by the Brigade Major of 
the 158th Brigade, who rode over as soon as it was captured. " We found 
a strange scene of turmoil, masses of dead and wounded of both sides, a lot 
more people nearly frantic with thirst and excitement, and a great mixing 
of units. , . . 



1917 




IV — 9 



129 



I30 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

" Desultory firing was going on on the far side — though it was now 
quite dark — where a certain amount of the enemy were still sticking in 
the gardens and cactus hedges which cover that side [opposite the i6oth 
Brigade"]." 

This was between 5 and 6 o'clock. The Brigadier had intended to 
ride over to Ali Muntar with his Brigade Major, but as he was mounting he 
was called to the telephone, and was instructed by General Dallas to remain 
where he was for the present, as General Dallas was about to speak to 
Eastern Force. " He mentioned the possibility of retirement, at which 
the Brigadier protested, as the contingency appeared to the Brigadier as 
out of the question." 

The above entry in the Brigade Diary refers to a conversation with 
General Chetwode, not General Dobell. General Chetwode had been nervous 
all day — first the fog, and then the delay in launching the infantry attack, 
had increased his anxiety. Soon after the infantry had started their advance 
he had ordered the mounted troops to attack from the north, and had 
chafed under the unavoidable delay, necessitated by reorganisation, in 
carrying out his orders until 4 p.m. There was, however, no news of any 
Turkish advance to relieve the Gaza garrison until after 4 p.m., and then 
only neW'S of small detachments. It seems as though he had made up his 
mind that he must withdraw his mounted troops to water their horses 
by 6 p.m. 

The first news of any considerable number of advancing Turks came 
from the Imperial Mounted Division in a message timed 4.50 p.m. : " 3,000 
Infantry, 2 squadrons cavalry, advancing from Huj in south-westerly 
direction," That an advance would be made by the main Turkish force 
had, of course, always been obvious, and the lack of news had been puzzling. 
The 54th Division had had a warning order to be prepared to move to their 
left closer in to the 53rd Division, so that they could give more adequate 
protection, and at 5.30 p.m. General Dobell ordered them to move to the 
Burjabye Ridge, with their left a mile north of Mansura. This order was 
communicated to Desert Column, but not to the 53rd Division. 

So we have, about 6 p.m., a direct chain of communication between 
Brigadier-General Mott, who was in the act of getting on his horse to ride 
up to Ali Muntar, and General Dallas, who was telling him to stay where 
he was while he. General Dallas, talked to General Chetwode. 

Military Operations state that the order to the mounted troops to retire 
was issued at 6.10 p.m., and that as the order " was being dispatched, a 
report came in from General Dallas that a redoubt north-east of Ali Muntar 
had been captured, and that the enemy was retiring stubbornly. This 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 131 

information did not seem to General Chetwode to warrant any change in 
his orders," and adds that " it was not until some time later that he heard 
of the retreat of the enemy from the whole ridge." The hour given for 
General Chetwode's conversation with General Dallas is " shortly before 
7 p.m." 

General Dallas was then informed by General Chetwode that the 
mounted troops were being withdrawn, and was ordered to " make touch 
with the 54th Division." General Dallas objected forcibly, only to receive 
in the end a peremptory order to draw back the right of the 53rd Division 
to the left of the 54th. 

During this conversation and argument, two points were ignored by 
both Generals — the extent of the 53rd success and the position of the 54th. 

One can sympathise with General Dallas when he wrote in his report : 
" At I o'clock in the morning I learned from my own staff that troops 
of the 54th Division had appeared in the open plain north of Mansura, 
having apparently closed in on my right for some two miles. . . . Further, 
at da3dight I learned, for the first time, that the 54th Division, less the 
detachment that had been placed at my disposal, had been withdrawn 
during the night from Sheikh Abbas to the line Mansura-Tell el Ahmar- 
El Burjabye-El Adar. Had I known that the 54th Division was moving 
to close in on my right, I should have held on to the positions gained, 
possibly with the exception of the hill north-east of the Mosque Hill [Clay 
Hilf], and have consolidated the ground gained. I w^ould also have followed 
my intention of pressing down into the gardens and town, and so of widening 
and strengthening the position." 

The feelings of the 158th Brigade may be imagined when this order 
for withdrawal was communicated to them. But, as the Brigade Major 
wrote in his diary, " orders were orders, and the necessary instructions were 
sent out to units, and at midnight the withdrawal was begun. As a matter 
of fact, small parties of heroes had pushed down the slope into Gaza, notably 
one under Walker and George Latham of the 7th (R.W.F.), and never got 
the order, only coming away at dawn, when they found that there was no 
one else about. One such party met some Anzac Cavalry who had come 
right through the town from north to south. It showed to what a pitch 
the Turks had sunk. The whole remnant of the garrison, and Gaza itself, 
was like a large plum, and no one to pluck it. . . . We got back behind 
our cliff-edge at Mansura somewhere about 2 a.m., and literally fell asleep 
in a heap across each other." ^ 

General Dobell did not learn the true situation until 11 p.m., and by 

1 History of the 53rd Division. 



132 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

that time he had additional information, which had been unaccountably- 
delayed for several hours, in the form of intercepted wireless messages 
between Major Tiller, the German in command at Gaza, and General Kress, 
at Tell esh Sheria. They were of a despairing nature. The British were 
in the town — the Turks would not fight any more — papers were burned — 
the wireless was blown up ! 

On receipt of the first of these messages General Dobell promptly 
instructed Desert Column that General Dallas " should dig in on his present 
line, throwing back his left flank and connecting his right with the $4th Division." 
This order was not transmitted to the 53rd Division, as it was considered 
to be a confirmation of the previous order given verbally by General Chet- 
wode to General Dallas. 

The tragedy of this business was completed when at 10.30 p.m. General 
Dallas issued his order for the 53rd Division to retire, and telegraphed to 
Desert Column the line he was going to take up — Tell el Ujul (a point one 
mile north of Esh Sheluf)-Mansura-Sheikh Abbas — and that he would 
join up with the 54th Division " on the western slopes of Sheikh Abbas," 
The information conve3'-ed nothing to Desert Column. 

The 26th March had been a fairly cool day, but one must consider 
what our three battalions had done. Starting at dusk on the 25th, they 
had marched seven miles to Deir el Bulah ; after a halt of about three to 
four hours they had started on the trying march to Mansura — seven miles 
by daylight, but in the fog and with their bewildered guide considerably 
more ; they had then fought throughout the day and had finally marched 
back to Mansura, arriving at 2 a.m. on the 27th. 

At 5 a.m. on the 27th General Chetwode understood what had happened, 
and orders were then issued to send out patrols, and support them if Ali 
Muntar was found unoccupied by the enemy. The 1 60th and i6ist Brigades 
pushed forward and found that Green Hill and Ali Muntar were indeed 
unoccupied. From the 158th Brigade the Herefordshire were sent to Ali 
Muntar. 

The Turks were, however, getting active. Our three battalions were 
ordered to prolong the line across the plain from Ali Muntar, and moved 
from their " bivouac " — where they had fallen in a heap to sleep — at 8 a.m. 
under enemy shell fire from Sheikh Abbas, which, since its evacuation by 
the 54th Division, had been occupied by the relieving Turkish Forces. 
Before they got well into position, Turkish attacks were developing against 
Ali Muntar. 

While our battalions were moving out, an interesting wire, explaining 
the early-morning situation, was sent by General Dallas to Desert Column : 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 133 

" The enemy has appeared on Sheikh Abbas, and he is shelHng my reserves 
and back while I am holding and fighting on the line Ali Muntar-Sheluf. 
The 54th Division is facing Sheikh Abbas on line north-east of Mansura 
and along the line Tell el Ahmar-Burjabye-El Adar. We are in a bottle- 
neck, but can hold our position provided Ali Muntar can be retaken by 
fresh troops. Enemy has only recently appeared on Sheikh Abbas, and 
cannot have yet deeply entrenched." 

The Turkish attack along the high ground on the left had swept our 
troops from Ali Muntar and Green Hill — the 15 8th Machine-gun Company 
abandoned 7 guns — and the position of our 5th and 7th Battalions, out on 
the plain, was precarious. They had to conform and fall back. 

About 1 1.30 a.m. our 5th Battalion reported large numbers of the enemy 
concentrated in cactus gardens to their front, but they did not fire, as they 
had left a number of their wounded there. The Turks did not advance. 

The heat was now tremendous, as the khamsin had been blowing all 
the morning. The w^ary men lay and watched. At 4.30 p.m. our 5th 
Battalion again reported a large body of Turks approaching Gaza. 

Brigadier-General Mott telephoned to Divisional Headquarters asking 
that camels might be sent up with food and water for the men. He pointed 
out that he had no reserves, and wished to get his battalions back in rotation 
to rest and feed. General Dallas replied that an event of great importance 
would happen at 9 p.m., and that no camels could be sent up before then, 
and asked if the brigade could wait until that time. The Brigadier thought 
the General referred to reinforcements, and so informed Commanding 
Officers by telephone. Actually a general retirement was in contemplation. 
The situation was, as General Dallas said, a bottle-neck — the artillery of 
the 53rd Division was in fact back to back with that of the 54th on Mansura 
Ridge, and in the valley, between Burjabye and Es Sire Ridges, a congested 
mass of camels which had been brought forward during the night was trying 
to get back. 

Soon after 4.30 p.m. the verbal order came from General Dallas for a 
general withdrawal behind the Wadi Ghazze, but no information was given 
as to the route to be taken, nor was the 158th Brigade told to cover 
the retirement, consequently precious time was wasted and officers were 
unnecessarily fatigued by being sent to reconnoitre one route which, on 
receipt of \\Titten orders from the division, was found not to be the one 
selected by them. 

Battalions commenced to arrive at the assembly point at 10 p.m. 
The officer sent from the 436th Welsh Field Company as guide was, fortun- 
ately, very certain of the route, and led the brigade over difficult country, 



134 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

much cut up by wadis, to the banks of the Wadi Ghazze. After filhng 
water-bottles and resting for about an hour, the brigade marched to bivouac 
1 1 miles to the north of Deir el Bulah. 

Casualties had been heavy, especially amongst officers. The 5th 
Battalion returned 4 officers killed — Lieutenants T. Bate, W. G. Griffiths, 
E. LI. Thomas, and 2nd Lieutenant E. L. H. Jones ; 33 other ranks killed ; 
8 officers wounded — Captains W. E. Trickett, T. H. Parry, A. Kingsbury, 
T. H. Armstrong, 2nd Lieutenants W. B. H. Ladd, W. P. Dodd, W. Brand- 
reth, H. S. Shaw ; 186 other ranks wounded ; 9 other ranks missing. 

The 6th Battalion returned 3 officers killed — 2nd Lieutenants A. L. 
Williams, W. E. Ireland, A. Rogers — and 10 other ranks; 11 officers 
wounded — Captains T. M. Whittaker, D. F. J. Morgan, E. H. Evans, 
2nd Lieutenants J. H. Jenkins, A. E. E. B. Williams, J. Arnell, J. Baird, 
E. Close, G. R. Sparrow, W. Harris, G. C. Davies — and 138 other ranks ; 
3 other ranks missing. 

The 7th Battalion returned 9 officers killed — Captain Iros T. Lloyd- 
Jones, Lieutenant V. Gwynne James, 2nd Lieutenants H. W. Fletcher, 
S. Garvin, O. G. Jones, R. Parry (other names not given) — and 36 other 
ranks ; 7 officers wounded, and 220 other ranks ; 15 other ranks missing. 

The result of this battle was precisely nil ! But to Sir Archibald 
Murray, who had moved his Headquarters to El Arish during the fight, 
it seemed hopeful. He wired to the Chief of the Imperial General Staff : 
" We have advanced our troops a distance of 15 miles from Rafah to 
Wadi Ghazze to cover construction of railway. On the 26th and 27th we 
were heavily engaged east of the Ghazze with a force of about 20,000 of the 
enemy. We infficted very heavy losses on him : I estimate his casualties 
at between 6,000 and 7,000 men, and we have in addition taken 900 prisoners, 
including General Commanding and whole Divisional Staff of the 53rd 
Turkish Division. This figure includes 4 Austrian officers and 5 German 
other ranks. We captured two Austrian 4-2-inch howitzers. All troops 
behaved splendidly, especially the Welsh, Kent, Sussex, Hereford, Middlesex, 
and Surrey Territorials and the Anzac and Yeomanry mounted troops." 

In a slightly more detailed account telegraphed on the ist April he 
said : " The operation was most successful, and owing to the fog and water- 
less nature of the country round Gaza just fell short of a complete disaster 
to the enemy. . . . None of our troops were at any time harassed or hard 
pressed. It is proved conclusively that in the open the enemy have no 
chance of success against our troops, but they are very tenacious in prepared 
positions. In the open our mounted troops simply do what they like with 
them." 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 135 

In spite of the hopeless muddle which terminated the operation, there 
was only one misleading statement in these accounts — that the attack had 
been made on 20,000 Turks. 

General Liman von Sanders gives a few details : "At 10 a.m. Gaza 
was surrounded. In the city were the 125th and 79th Infantry Regiments 
and the 2nd Battalion of the 8ist Infantry, with machine guns and artillery. 
After noon they could be communicated with by wireless only. Height 83 
in front of the city was the focus of the action. The British succeeded 
in taking it in spite of an obstinate defence, and in entering the batteries 
in rear. . . . The groups at Dschemame (Jemmami) and Tell Scheria had 
been alarmed at once. . . . Their action did not become effective on the 
26th, as both columns were several times checked during the march, and it 
was 9 a.m. on the 27th March before they were near enough to Gaza for 
the relief to become sensible." 

In the telegrams that passed between Sir Archibald Murray and Sir 
William Robertson a change is seen in the War Cabinet's policy. The news 
from jMesopotamia was good ; the Turks were anxious about the situation 
on the Tigris, and were diverting reinforcements to that front. " In these 
circumstances, and as you are assured of reinforcements during the summer, 
your immediate objective should be the defeat of the Turkish forces south 
of Jerusalem and the occupation of that town. . . . Your subsequent 
operations after you reach Jerusalem must depend largely on what the 
Russian Caucasus Army is able to achieve." Sir William Robertson also 
pointed out the state of affairs in England after the battles of the Somme. 
" Everyone is now feeling the strain of war, and this strain will certainly 
increase ; therefore the moral effect of success is of great importance, both 
in strengthening the hands of the Government and in making the public 
more ready to bear their burdens. . . . War Cabinet are anxious therefore 
that your operations should be pushed with all energy." 

Second Battle of Gaza, 17TH-19TH April. Area North of the Line 

Beersheba-Belah. 

The German commander, Kress, was not disposed to risk defeat a 
second time. By the middle of April he had at Gaza the Turkish 3rd 
Infantry Division ; between Gaza and Tell esh Sheria the reinforced 53rd 
Division ; at Jemmame the Turkish 3rd Cavalry Division ; at Tell esh 
Sheria the i6th Infantry Division ; and the 54th Turkish Division assembling 
at Beersheba, with the 7th Division en route. The opportunity which had 
been afforded Sir Archibald Murray was not to be repeated. 

The attack was, however, to be repeated, but the Commander-in-Chief 



136 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

and Sir Charles Dobell were well aware that it must be a bigger affair. 
Aeroplanes reported Turkish activity ; the centre of their defensive system 
shifted from Beersheba to Gaza. 

Railhead was brought up to Deir el Bulah, and water was stored in 
the Wadi Ghazze. The third artillery brigades of the 53rd and S4th 
Divisions were brought up from the Canal defences, also twelve 60-pdrs., 
and a siege battery of two 8-inch and two 6-inch howitzers. The 5 2nd, 
53rd, and 54th Divisions held the line of the Wadi Ghazze until the beginning 
of April, when the 74th Division appeared. 

The movement of the three dismounted brigades from the Western 
Front (Egypt) to form the 74th Division commenced with the New Year. 
The 2nd Dismounted Brigade were at Moascar on the 5th January, El 
Ferdan on the 1 5th, Qantara on the 5th March, and El Arish on the 6th : 
this Brigade was numbered the 229th Brigade. The 3rd Dismounted 
Brigade went to Sidi Bishr on the 2nd April, and to Deir Belah on the 9th : 
it was numbered the 230th Brigade. The 4th Dismounted Brigade went 
to Assiut on the ist January, Zeitoun on the ist March, Helmia on the ist 
April, and Khan Yunis on the 6th : it was numbered the 231st Brigade. 

General Girdwood, commanding the new division, arrived at El Arish 
on the 4th March. 

The interval for preparation between the end of March and the 1 7th 
April permitted the German General, Kress, to present a problem of some 
difficulty to Sir Charles Dobell. It is summarised in Sir Archibald Murray's 
despatch : 

" It became clear that five divisions and a cavalry division had now 
appeared on our front with an increase of heavy artillery. Not only were 
the Gaza defences being daily strengthened and wired, but a system of 
enemy trenches and works were being constructed south-east of Gaza to 
the Atawine Ridge, some 12,000 yards distant from the town. This put 
any encircling movement by our cavalry out of the question, unless the 
enemy's line in front of us could be pierced." 

And before Gaza, " strong defences known as the Warren, the Laby- 
rinth, Green Hill, Middlesex Hill, Outpost Hill, and Lees Hill running 
southwards along the ridge from Ali Muntar. This position, which com- 
mands all approaches to the town from the south-west, south, and south-east, 
has been very strongly fortified and well wired, in addition to the natural 
obstacles formed by thick cactus hedges, and had been made into a nest 
of machine guns largely manned by Germans. The right of the line, 
between Gaza and the sea, ran in the arc of a circle west and south-west of 
the town. This section consisted of a double line of trenches and redoubts, 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 137 

strongly held by infantry and machine guns, well placed and concealed 
in impenetrable cactus hedges built on high mud-banks, enclosing orchards 
and gardens on the outskirts of the town." 

Now that the Turks had shifted their forces nearer the sea and left 
the Beersheba flank weak, the possibility of attacking this flank was 
considered, but quickly rejected on account of water difficulties. An attack 
in depth along the shore was also considered, but also rejected, as it did not 
allow General Dobell to use his mounted troops. The plan finally agreed 
upon was a repetition, with certain modifications, of the first Battle of Gaza. 

It was, of course, no longer possible to mask the town with the mounted 
troops, but the attack was to be made by two divisions from Mansura and 
Sheikh Abbas ; and on the sand-dunes, instead of a detachment, a division 
v/ould advance on the seaward side of the town. 

The main effort, from Mansura and Sheikh Abbas, was to envelop the 
ridges covering the town from the east, while the mounted divisions and 
the camel brigade were to protect the right of the infantry by an attack on 
the Atawine and Hureira trenches, and be prepared to go through the gap 
which would be created either to pursue or to complete the envelopment 
of the town from the north. 

The first phase of this operation was carried out on the 1 7th April, 
when the 52nd and 54th Divisions occupied the Sheikh Abbas-Mansura 
line with practically no opposition. The 53rd Division was on the left 
holding the line of the Wadi Ghazze, and on the 1 7th completed a new hne 
running from Kurd Hill to Cliff Fort. Our three battalions had done a lot 
of digging in the sand prior to this date, at night, to the unearthly tune of 
howling jackals. 

General Dallas had resigned his command, and Brigadier-General 
Mott succeeded him on the loth April. Brigadier-General C. S. Rome took 
over the 158th Brigade, and Lieutenant-Colonel F. Mills assumed command 
of our 6th Battalion. 

Brigade Headquarters were in a delightful spot known as St. James's 
Park, a grove of pomegranates, citrons, and large eucalyptus trees. The 
Turks, well aware that an attack was pending, had commenced to shell 
heavily at intervals on the 14th April. On the 15th Brigadier-General 
Rome held a conference at his Headquarters, under the shade of the trees, 
when the enemy artillery commenced to bombard the grove. There was a 
hasty exit to the hot but comparatively safe sand-dunes. Lieutenant- 
Colonels Borthwick, Mills, and Harker learned, however, that theirs would 
be a minor role when the battle opened, as the 159th and i6oth Brigades 
were to attack. They were not concerned in the first phase, on the 17th. 



138 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

The Brigade Headquarters moved up to Tell en Nujeid on the i8th, and 
our 5th Battalion held the new hne that had been constructed. 

On the 19th the big attack commenced. The i6oth Brigade on the 
right and the iS9th on the left formed up in rear of the new line, between 
Money Hill and Cliff Fort, and advanced through our 5th Battalion at 
7.15 a.m. It was a dreadful-looking bit of country to move over. The 
so-called ridges were just drifts of sand, the rest flat with a few miserable 
stunted, thin bushes scattered widely apart. The advancing troops were 
in full view of the gardens on the high ground near Gaza, and long-range 
machine-gun fire was troublesome. The advance was slow. 

The big battle was fought by the 52nd and S4th Divisions, with the 
74th Division in reserve. Our 24th and 25th Battalions, held on the right 
bank of the Wadi Ghazze since the 17th, crossed to a position between 
Tell el Ahmar and the Wadi Nukhabir soon after midnight, and had great 
difficulty in getting there in the darkness, " the difficulty being added to 
bj^ troops of the 52nd Division being already bivouacked in the same area. 
These moved off about 4.15 a.m., and the units of the brigade had all gone 
to ground in the deep wadis by 5 a.m." (Lord Kensington, commanding 
25th Royal Welch.) There they remained throughout the day. 

Briefly, the battle was a costly failure. General Liman von Sanders 
puts the case in a nutshell. " In one attack against the left wing of the 
53rd Division (Turkish) the British came under the flanking fire from the 
1 6th Division, and in an attack on the right of the 53rd Division under 
the flanking fire from the 3rd Division." To complete the unhappy tale, 
our own official history says : " This was a dogged advance against imper- 
fectly located entrenchments, and in the face of fire from hidden artillery, 
without adequate support from that arm on the side of the attackers." 

The attack of the British 53rd Division was rather a fumbling business, 
and ended with the capture of Samson Ridge. The 158th Brigade, less the 
6th Royal Welch (under 259th Brigade), were ordered to relieve the i6oth 
Brigade on Samson Ridge that night. The Herefordshire were already in 
the line, and when our 5th and 7th Battalions arrived there was much 
confusion. " The night was very dark and the sniping considerable, but 
the main difficulty lay in the way the trenches were held. The i6oth 
Brigade manned the line from the left — Kents, Middlesex, half Herefords, 
Sussex, half Herefords, Queen's " (Brigade Diary). Our two battalions had 
to relieve the West Kent, Middlesex, and Sussex. 

The 52nd Division had made a gallant effort, but the defences round 
Middlesex Hill and the broken ground to the west of it proved too strong. 
When darkness fell, the order was that the battle would continue in the morn- 



1917 




139 



I40 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

ing, but after consulting with his subordinate commanders, General 
Dobell offered his opinion that the prospects of success were not sufficient 
to justify the heavy casualties which would undoubtedly be incurred : he 
suggested the consolidation of the position on which his troops stood. 
Sir Archibald Murray agreed. 

A matter of minor interest in the second Battle of Gaza was the 
employment of tanks (eight), which, however, did not prove successful 
either in the broken hilly country or on the sand-dunes, although one did 
good work at El Arish Redoubt, beyond Samson Ridge ; also the use of 
gas shells, which had little apparent effect, but, according to subsequent 
information from the Turks, did damage. 

The line as finally settled ran from Sheikh Abbas along the edge of 
the plateau through Mansura to Lee's Hill — all this part was widely separ- 
ated from the Turkish line — thence to Heart Hill, across Samson Ridge to 
Sheikh Ajlin on the shore : this last part was in close touch with the enemy. 
At Sheikh Abbas the British line returned to the Wadi Ghazze, and the 
Turkish line swung back to Beersheba, so that a great open plain, many miles 
in width, lay between the combatants. 

The left of the Samson Ridge sector, held by our 5th Battalion, and 
which had been dug in the dark, was found to be under a sand-ridge with 
no field of fire at all ; this had to be rectified and the whole position well 
wired. On the 23rd the 6th Royal Welch relieved the Queen's, and our 
three battalions were then in line. The work of consolidation was 
hindered by excessive heat ; the khamsin commenced to blow, and continued 
for several days. 

This khamsin, or sirocco, is a wind that blows from the sun-scorched 
deserts of the interior. The temperature may be low when it starts, but 
as the wind increases the thermometer rises, a fine mist of sand obscures 
the sun ; men become prostrate with thirst and fever ; vegetation shrivels ; 
sometimes the sand on the wind is so thick one cannot see at all. A diary 
of the 74th Division, covering the 19th and 20th, tells us : " Woke to find 
the khamsin upon us. Not much wind yet, but getting thick and very hot. 
. . . Wind got cooler, but more of it towards evening, and we had an awful 
night — mess-tents blown down, most people's bivvies, too. . . . Woke at 
intervals during this terrible night and found myself covered in inches of 
sand, but no use moving, so stuck it till dawn, when it got better." The 
motor-ambulances at Deir el Bulah were going about in the daytime with 
headlights. 

The khamsin blows chiefly in the spring, otherwise a time of year when 
the climate of Palestine is most delightful. The rainy season — and the 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 141 

ruling climatic condition is the positive division of the year into dry and 
rainy seasons — begins to tail off in March. From May to October one 
rarely sees a cloud pass over the deep blue sky, although morning mists, 
and thick ones, are not uncommon. Sometimes the nights are chilly. 
But the point is the yearly drought from May to October, when the land 
dries up and all vegetation is scorched and dies. 

The great heat engendered by these unbroken months of blazing days of 
sunshine is usually mitigated by a cool wind from the north-west, which rises 
between 10 a.m. and midday and continues until sunset. The khamsin winds, 
from the east, south-east, and south, are fortunately infrequent and irregular. 

At the end of October summer ceases and heavy rains commence to 
fall ; this is the time of tillage in the cultivated areas. December, January, 
and February are the months of the full rainy season, with hail and sometimes 
snow. 

The difference in temperature between winter and summer is very great, 
sufficient to influence military operations. In Palestine, as in Mesopotamia, 
no major operation was undertaken in the full heat of summer. But the 
difference in altitudes and the broken nature of the country modified 
conditions in particular spots. Thus in the lower ground about the Wadi 
Ghazze the hottest period of the day was between noon and 5 p.m. — 
" during those hours one lay in the sweltering bivouac shelter, tormented 
by flies and heat." The same observer ^ writes of El Shauth that it was 
" a series of pleasant little gardens, full of almond and apricot trees, 
surrounded by cactus hedges," and that as it stood on high ground it was 
much cooler than " down near the Wadi Ghazze. The afternoon breezes, 
although they blew the dust about, were moderately cool, and the flies 
were not nearly so bad." El Israain was similarly a popular place. 

The heat of the summer put an end to further operations. During 
the quiet months that followed the second effort on Gaza the 53rd and 74th 
Divisions moved in the ordinary course of relief to various sectors of the 
line. Our 24th and 25th Battalions were at first in reserve near Tell el 
Jemmi ; the Brigade was then attached to the 54th Division in the Sheikh 
Abbas sector, and later moved to Lee's Hill. At night patrols went out 
as far as the Cactus Garden ; in daytime a lot of traffic could be seen in 
the distance, out of range. On one occasion our 25th Battalion caught 
about 80 Turks in the Cactus Garden while on patrol, and attacked them 
with the bayonet — they killed 8, captured 2, and put the rest to flight. 
They also discovered that the Turks were using a large number of dogs 
as " sentries " and to carry messages. 

1 Captain John More (6th R.W.F.), With Allenby's Crusaders. 



142 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS July 

Our 5th, 6th, and 7th Battalions moved from the sand-dunes into 
reserve, in the neighbourhood of Sheikh Nebhan. The health of the troops 
was good, but septic sores were prevalent. On the 19th May our 5th and 7th 
Battalions relieved the Imperial Camel Brigade on the line of the Wadi 
Ghazze ; on the 26th they moved to relieve the 230th Brigade, 74th 
Division, at Gamli : the whole Brigade assembled here. On the 19th June 
they moved to El Shauth area, and trained. 

The right sector of the line, along the right bank of the Wadi Ghazze, 
consisted of a series of redoubts, covering the water and crossings at 
Gamli, El Fara, El Shellal, and Hiseia. At night mounted troops had 
standing patrols out in front of the infantry, by day they made wide sweeps 
across the plain towards the Turkish lines, and sometimes got in touch with 
the enem}', but the infantry was seldom worried. Battalion Headquarters 
and reserve companies were back in the crevices and crannies of the wadi 
itself, quite snug. The sector was seven miles from end to end, and 
brigadiers went round in Ford cars, which ground through the thick dust at 
a speed of about four miles an hour, with clouds of steam issuing from the 
radiators. 

The Wadi Ghazze itself became the main thoroughfare, with railways, 
pipe-lines, and pumping centres as the Royal Engineers developed local 
water-supplies. The pipe-line from the Suez Canal was the basis of the 
water-supply, but wells were sunk in the bed of the Wadi — the 74th 
Division sank one which yielded 1,600 gallons per hour ; there were also 
a large number of pools in the Ghazze, but the w^ater was mostly foul and 
difficult to control. Old wells were found to be infested with leeches, 
and were cleaned out ; they were reinforced with canvas tanks. All 
local sources were developed, and the best wells fitted wdth oil-engine 
pumps. 

Summer pests made their appearance. Flies were dealt with by means 
of crude oil and sacking ; incinerators were kept going ; definite eating- 
places were established, so that scraps of food could be dealt with. 

Lice were prevalent, and fleas. Septicsores were very bad. Diphtheria 
and scarlet fever were present. Scorpions and spiders of manj- colours 
and sizes were unpleasant companions. 

On the other hand, every effort was made for the entertainment and 
recreation of the vast camp and bivouac town which had arisen along the 
banks of the Wadi Ghazze. Sports, horse shows, with competitions of all 
kinds, were organised ; bands and concert parties were formed by all divi- 
sions ; the canteen service was immensely improved ; and leave to Cairo 
was frequent : the result was a regular social life. Before the next battle 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 143 

seven infantry divisions, three mounted divisions, and a host of army 
troops were assembled. 

The 74th Division left the hne and went into reserve at Dorset House, 
by the Wadi Nukhabir, on the 9th/ioth July ; they then moved to a 
camp in the sand-dunes west of Wadi Ghazze, and a period of intensive 
training took place. Battalions were reorganised into sections of Lewis 
gunners, riflemen, snipers, and bombers, and the men went through courses 
of instruction and training in these weapons. There followed outpost 
schemes, night marching, night attacks, and field-firing : there was plenty 
of room for the latter over the desert. 

The 53rd Division remained on the right of the line, the brigade in 
reserve carrying out field training, and on the ist August was relieved by 
the 60th Division, which had arrived from Salonika on the ist June, and 
took over from the 54th Division on the sand-dunes. 

Trench w^arfare was active in this sector. Patrolling was energetic, 
and our 5th and 6th Battalions secured several prisoners in " No Man's 
Land." The 53rd Division was relieved on the 24th/2 5th August, and went 
to the Southern Reserve Area, beyond the Wadi Selka, behind Deir el 
Belah, where training for open warfare commenced. 

THE SECOND OFFENSIVE. 

Third Battle of Gaza, 27TH October-7th November 191 7. Area 
North of the Wadi Ghazze. 

Since the second Battle of Gaza many changes had taken place. Sir 
Archibald Murray relinquished his command in June ; Sir Philip Chetwode 
had succeeded Sir Charles Dobell. The summer had put an end to active 
operations in Mesopotamia and Palestine, but the war in Europe had been 
pursued with vigour. The Battle of Arras on the British front in April, 
followed by Nivelle's abortive and costly experiment, dragged on until one 
might well have imagined that the final decision would be reached over 
the ruins of Bullecourt. In June the successful Battle of Messines took 
place, and then July saw the commencement of that fearful holocaust, the 
third Battle of Ypres. To add to the uncertainty of the Allied cause, 
Russia had definitely collapsed. 

On the other hand, America had entered the War in April. 

Sir E. Allenby succeeded Sir Archibald Murray, and, reinforced, 
commenced to reorganise his Army. Within a few weeks he telegraphed 
his plan to the War Cabinet. 

The full length of S>Tia between the Arabian Desert and the sea lay 



144 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

in front of him. From the Lebanons, in the north, the Jordan flows for 
1 60 miles down a depression which, starting at sea-level, drops at the 
Dead Sea to 1,292 feet below sea-level. To the east of this great rent in 
the earth lies a range of hills rising to 2,000 feet (mean height) above 
sea-level ; on the west of the Jordan, from the Lebanons to the south of 
the Sinai Peninsula, runs a great ridge of limestone broken by the Plain of 
Esdraelon. 

South of the plain, through Samaria, the ridge crops up in groups of 
hills, but they form the one great mass known as Mount Ephraim, then 
solidify again into the Tableland of Judea, and so, south of Hebron, slide 
down to the desert. 

The descent from the ridge to the Jordan is precipitous, but on the 
Mediterranean side a second range of hills, of a different formation, lies up 
against the Judean hills ; this range is called the Shephalah. 

All these great features run through the length of Syria, and seen in 
section from the British position, there was on the left the Maritime Plain 
" of gentle contours, and with a strip of sand along the coast — the soil of 
the plain is brown, broken by gullies containing a greyish shingle, puddles 
of water, and reeds ; then the Shephalah, a country of short, steep hills, a lot 
of brushwood and oak scrub, scrags of limestone, and rough torrent-beds ; 
then the Plateau of Judea, a stony moorland, with no water, no streams, 
some rough scrub, and a few dw^arf trees — stones, boulders, rocks, and glaring 
sun ; and then comes desolation, hills hke gigantic dustheaps, twisted, con- 
torted, with an outcrop of jagged rock, and falling in broken chaos to the 
Dead Sea, the awful, enervating, fantastic ditch." ^ 

The configuration of the country has always led invaders of Judea 
up the Maritime Plain. The first pass on the way north is the Wadi el 
Alfranj to Beit Jibrin, where several Roman roads converge from the hills 
of Judea ; the second, at Tell el Sufi, the Blanchgarde of the Crusaders, 
is marked by the Wadi el Sunt and leads to Bethlehem ; the third is Wadi 
el Surar, used by the railway to Jerusalem ; the fourth is the Valley of 
Ajalon, a broad, fertile plain headed by three gorges which run up to the 
two Beth-horons and so to Jerusalem. 

Covering S>Tia, the Turkish Army extended over a front of, roughly, 
30 miles from the sea. Gaza was now a fortress ; the remainder of the line 
was held by strong-works at Sihan, Atawine, Baha, Abu Hureira, and 
Beersheba. General AUenby decided to attack the Turkish left. 

His force had been augmented. Besides the 60th Division he had the 
loth and 7Sth. Eastern Force and the Desert Column disappeared, and 

^ The •j.^th Division in Syria and France. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 145 

the Army was organised in two Corps, the XX, commanded by General 
Chetwode and composed of the loth, 53rd, 60th, and 74th Divisions ; the 
XXI, commanded by General Bulfin, and composed of the 52nd, 54th, and 
75th Divisions ; and the Desert Mounted Corps, commanded by General 
Chauvel, and composed of the Yeomanry Mounted Division, the Australian 
Mounted Division (late Imperial), and the Australian and New Zealand 
Mounted Division (Anzac). The Imperial Camel Corps remained a separate 
unit, in Corps Reserve. 

Opposing General Allenby the Turkish order of battle, as given by 
Liman von Sanders, was 7th, 53rd, 54th, i6th, 27th Infantry Divisions and 
the 3rd Cavalry Division in line, the 3rd Infantry Division was in reserve 
at Huj ; the 26th Division, from Rumania, was assembling at Ramleh with 
the 24th, and the 19th Division was to follow there ; the 59th, less artillery, 
was at Aleppo ; the departure of the 20th from Haidar Pasha commenced 
on the 1 2th September. The movement of other divisions was also 
contemplated. 

There had been during August a complete change in the Turkish plans. 
The Yilderim Army, as we know, was being assembled to drive the British 
from Baghdad. The plan arranged was that the Seventh Turkish Army 
would assemble at Aleppo, and that in October the Turkish portion of it 
would proceed to Hit and join the German Asiatic Corps. But during 
August General von Falkenhayn developed grave fears for the Palestine 
front, and after a good deal of argument upset Enver Pasha's pet scheme 
to recapture Baghdad. Liman von Sanders gives the order WTung from 
Enver : " the Seventh Army pertaining to Yilderim will be transported to 
the Sinai front. The troops now on the Sinai front will be under the Army 
Group Yilderim as long as the Seventh Army remains on the Sinai front. 
The Army Group Yilderim will conduct its operations independently on 
the Sinai front and in the separate Sanjak of Jerusalem, but Yilderim will 
keep the Commander-in-Chief in Syria and West Arabia informed." 

The Turkish troops under General Kress now became the Eighth Army, 
under the orders of Yilderim, or Falkenhayn. The friction that existed 
between German and Turk caused Mustapha Pasha to resign command of the 
Seventh Army early in October. 

At the date of General Allenby's attack Falkenhayn was on his way to 
Jerusalem ; Kress, commanding the Eighth Army, was at Huleikat ; and 
Fevzi Pasha, commanding the Seventh Army, was preparing to take over 
command of the left of the line. 

In order that officers might become acquainted with that wide expanse 
IV — 10 



146 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

of countr}' that lay between the British right and the Turkish left, and also 
to accustom the Turks to the presence of cavalry on the plain, a number of 
reconnaissances in force were organised. The cavalry would ride out at 
night and occupy- a line of outposts by dawn next morning. " Behind this 
line of protecting posts, the infantry corps and divisional commanders, 
and innumerable lesser fry, disported themselves in motor-cars and on horse- 
back. The senior corps commander and his staff used to be irreverently 
referred to as ' the Royal Party.' " ^ 

The first move out into this " No Man's Land " by the 158th Brigade 
was made on the 19th July, when our 5th and 6th Battalions sent each two 
companies forward in position to support mounted troops, but it was more 
for the purpose of watching reported movement of the enemy than for 
reconnoitring ground. 

On the 4th August Brigadier-General Rome, who was a cavalryman, 
was on the point of handing over command to Brigadier-General Vernon, 
having been given command of a mounted brigade, and the two Brigadiers 
and staff, with the Commanding Officer and one other from each battalion, 
and the machine-gun officer, reconnoitred as far as the Fara-Beersheba 
road. The ground was difficult and time was limited. " Officers concerned 
got a rough idea of their areas, but a further reconnaissance was necessary " 
(Brigade Diary). On the 28th September officers from our 5th and 6th 
Battalions examined the line from Beersheba road to the Wadi Saba, and 
were freely fired on by snipers. Several other reconnaissances took place. 
" We w^ould start from Bulah in Ford cars about 10 a.m., and driving via 
Shellal (about 25 miles), arrive at El Buggar, our usual rendezvous, about 
I p.m. Here we would take to horses, which had been sent over to Shellal 
the day before and out to El Buggar during the morning, and reconnoitre 
various parts of the allotted line behind the cavalry screen from Tuweil 
el Khebari down to Wadi Saba one way, and through Pt. 820 to Pt. 810, and 
forward nearly as far as Pt. 790 in the other. We would potter about, 
dodging a few shells generally, then back to El Buggar and the homely 
Fords, and finally home to dinner about 8 p.m." 

From the high ground accessible to these reconnoitring parties the 
Beersheba defences were plainly visible, the position of the town itself being 
indicated by the minaret of the Great Mosque. From his trenches the Turk 
had good observation over the intervening wide, rolling plain. 

Officers from our 24th and 25th Battalions carried out the same 
programme. 

The mounted troops found these " outings " somewhat trying : they 

' R. M. P. Preston, The Desert Mounted Corps. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 147 

lasted for thirty-six hours across a country that was like a stony desert, 
\\dth no protection from the sun and the thermometer frequently up to 
no degrees in the shade, with innumerable flies, no water for the horses, 
and only the full water-bottle carried for the man. The Turks brought 
out light field guns and lay in wait to fire on troops crossing wadis. 
Colonel Preston saj^s : " It was with a sigh of relief that the troops saw the 
last of the motor-cars of the Royal Party disappear in a cloud of dust." 

The instructions issued were covered by Force Orders, dated 22nd 
October, which contain the following : 

" It is the intention of the Commander-in-Chief to take the offensive 
against the enemy at Gaza and at Beersheba, and, when Beersheba is in 
our hands, to make an enveloping attack on the enemy's left flank in the 
direction of Sheria and Hureira, 

" On Z day the XX Corps (with the loth Division and the Imperial 
Camel Brigade attached) and the Desert Mounted Corps (less one mounted 
division and the Imperial Camel Brigade) will attack the enemy at Beersheba 
with the object of gaining possession of that place by nightfall. 

" As soon as Beersheba is in our hands and the necessary arrangements 
have been made for the restoration of the Beersheba w^ater-supply, the 
XX Corps and the Desert Mounted Corps complete will move rapidly 
forward to attack the left of the enemy's main position, with the object of 
driving him out of Sheria and Hureira, and enveloping the left of his army. 
The XX Corps will move against the enemy's defences south of Sheria, 
first of all against the Kauwukah [Qawuqa] line and then against the Sheria 
and Hureira defences. The Desert Mounted Corps, calling up the division 
left in general reserve during the Beersheba operations, will move north of 
the XX Corps, and will be prepared to operate vigorously against and round 
the enemy's left flank if he should throw it back to oppose the advance of 
the XX Corps. 

" On a date to be subsequently determined, and which will be probably 
after the occupation of Beersheba, and twenty-four to forty-eight hours 
before the attack of the XX Corps on the Kauwukah [Qawuqa] line, the 
XXI Corps will attack the south-western defences of Gaza with the object 
of capturing the enemy's front-line system from Umbrella Hill to Sheikh 
Hasan, both inclusive. 

" The Royal Navy will co-operate with the XXI Corps in the attack 
on Gaza and in the subsequent operations which may be undertaken by the 
XXI Corps. 

" On Z -4 day the G.O.C. XXI Corps will open a systematic bombard- 



148 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

ment of the Gaza defences, increasing in volume from Z -i to Z -2 day and 
will be continued until Z - 4 day at the least. 

" The Royal Navy will co-operate. ... 

" The XX Corps will move into position during the night Z -i/Zero, 
so as to attack the enemy at Beersheba on Zero Day south of the Wadi Saba 
with two divisions, while covering his flank and the construction of the rail- 
way east of Shellal with one division on the high ground overlooking the 
Wadis Sufi and Hanafish. 

" The objective of the XX Corps will be the enemy's works west and 
south-west of Beersheba as far as the Khalassa-Beersheba road, inclusive. 

" The Desert Mounted Corps will move on the night Z-i/Zero from 
the area of concentration about Khalassa and Asluj, so as to co-operate 
with the XX Corps by attacking Beersheba with two divisions and one 
mounted brigade. 

" The objective of the Desert Mounted Corps will be the enemy's 
defences from the south-east to the north-east of Beersheba, and the town 
of Beersheba itself. 

" The G.O.C. Desert Mounted Corps will endeavour to turn the enemy's 
left flank with a view to breaking down his resistance at Beersheba as 
quickly as possible. With this in view the main weight of his force will be 
directed against Beersheba from the east and north-east. As soon as the 
enemy's resistance shows signs of weakening, the G.O.C. Mounted Troops 
will be prepared to act with the utmost vigour against his retreating troops, 
so as to prevent their escape, or at least drive them well beyond the high 
ground immediately overlooking the town from the north. He will also 
be prepared to push troops rapidly into Beersheba in order to protect from 
damage any wells and plant connected with the water-supply not damaged 
by the enemy before Beersheba is entered. 

" Special instructions will be issued to G.O.C. Mounted Corps. . . . 

" The Yeomanry Mounted Division will pass from the command of 
G.O.C. XX Corps at 05.00 on Zero day, and will come directly under 
Headquarters as part of the general reserve. . . . 

" When the situation as regards the water at Beersheba has become 
clear, so that the movements of the XX Corps and the Desert Mounted 
Corps against the left flank of the enemy's main position can be arranged, 
G.O.C. XXI Corps will be ordered to attack the enemy's defences south- 
west of Gaza in time for this operation to be carried out prior to the attack 
of the XX Corps on the Kauwukah [Qawuqa] line of works." 

All instructions for the operation were most jealously guarded. 
General Chetwode had to write on the 30th September " that one division 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 149 

has issued preliminary operation orders, containing the most secret and 
confidential matters. ... I consider that this is most unnecessary and, 
indeed, most dangerous, and I direct that all copies, except those issued to 
Infantry Brigade Commanders and ' Q ' of Divisions, be at once withdrawn. 
. . . Nothing in type or WTiting should be outside Divisional Headquarters 
(G.S. or Q offices), or at most Infantry Brigade Headquarters, and no 
departmental officer should have anything written in his possession until the 
last possible moment." 

With a great army such as Sir E. Allenby had assembled on the banks 
of the Wadi Ghazze such secrecy was essential : natives from the villages 
and living out on their farms were in touch with the troops, and it was 
not difficult for the Turks to slip agents into the very midst of the Army. 

It was, of course, impossible to conceal the movements of so big a force, 
but General Chetwode wrote privately to each of his Divisional Commanders 
asking them to employ " every device by which enemy airmen may be 
deceived, such as leaving your present bivouac areas looking as much 
occupied as possible by leaving tents standing and digging holes wherever 
you have blanket shelters, not pitching brigade field ambulances or showing 
their flags, and allowing no new^ ground to be used whatever." Strict air 
discipline was enforced, and no motor lights were shown east of the Wadi 
Ghazze until after Zero day. 

In spite of all precautions, the Turks knew an attack w^as imminent, but 
fortunately imagined that it was to be once more against Gaza. 

The Capture of Beersheba. 

All our battalions were to attack the Beersheba flank. The first unit 
to move towards the concentration area was the 158th Brigade from the 
vicinity of Bulah on the 20th October, at the close of a beautiful autumn 
day; they marched 15 miles to the Shellal defences and took over the 
Kent Fort from the i6ist Brigade, 60th Division. On the 24th they were 
relieved by the 159th Brigade and moved into the bed of the wadi, " a 
grisly squash, hot and dusty, and entirely airless," 

The 74th Division was round Nakhrur and did not move until the night 
of the 25th October, when they went to Abu Sitta, thence to Gamli. 

On that same day, the 25th, the 158th Brigade marched out from the 
wadi at 5.30 p.m. to take up the Imara outpost line, our 6th Battalion being 
on the right, with the 5th Battalion in support, and our 7th Battalion on the 
left with the Herefordshire in support. Beyond this outpost line there was, 
by day, a mounted brigade occupying the line El Buggar, Points 720, 630, 



ISO RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

and 550 ; at night the mounted troops withdrew, leaving standing patrols 
at Khasif, Pt. 510, and Dammath. 

On the 27th the 53rd Division were ordered to occupy the line held by 
the mounted brigade (the 8th, under Brigadier-General Rome) and moved 
forward covered b}^ the 5th Royal Welch and Herefordshire. While the 
division was on the move, the Turks suddenly attacked the mounted troops. 
This reconnaissance in strength, in w^hich the Turks employed some 
3,000 men of all arms and succeeded in wiping out one or two mounted 
posts (although our 5th Battalion, followed by the rest of the 158th Brigade, 
hurried forward, the distance was too great, and they could not help), was 
a curious affair. It commenced at dawn and continued well into the after- 
noon. The Turks occupied the high ground and had a view of the whole 
plain, which, an observer says, was " crammed full of troops , . . there 
were batteries, camel convoys, ambulances," the whole of a great movement 
plainly visible, and yet the advance on Beersheba came as a surprise to the 
Turks. 

An attack was finally organised and launched at 4 p.m., but the Turks 
did not wait for it, and the 53rd Division occupied the outpost line without 
opposition. Railway construction was then hurried on to Karm. 

The time-table of work in preparation for the battle covered fifteen 
days before Zero day. The systematic bombardment of Gaza was to 
commence at Z-6 day ; the railway was to reach Karm on Z-3 day, and 
the station was to be completed on Z-i day. At the time of this brush with 
the enemy Gaza was, therefore, being bombarded, and the Royal Engineers 
had three clear days to finish the railway. 

Except for the 229th Brigade, which was attached to the 53rd Division, 
the 74th Division remained at Gamli until the 29th, when they moved to 
covered positions at Khasif, and were rejoined by the 229th Brigade on the 
30th. The attacking divisions then moved into their battle positions. 

The XX Corps orders provided that while the Desert Mounted Corps 
attacked the enemy's defences from the south-east and north-east of Beer- 
sheba and the town itself, " the 60th Division will attack the Beersheba works 
on the right of the 74th Division, as far as the Khalasa-Beersheba road, 
while the 53rd Division, with attached troops, will cover the left flank of 
the corps from a position on the general line between Kh. el Sufi and El 
Girheir. The 74th Division and attached troops will attack, capture, and 
consolidate the enemy main line between H29 (work Z8) and the Wadi 
Saba. . . . The following troops attached to the 74th Division will be known 
as ' Smith's Group,' under the command of Brigadier-General C. L. Smith, 
V.C. — the Imperial Camel Brigade, less two companies, two battalions of 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 151 

the 158th Infantr}^ Brigade. The role of these troops is to hold the ground 
from the Wadi Saba ... to the right of the 53rd Division, to deal with any 
counter-stroke against the left of the 74th Division, to prevent the transfer 
of troops to reinforce the enemy on the front of the 60th and 74th Divisions 
by holding the enem}- to his trenches north of the Wadi Saba." 

The 53rd Division was holding the line of outposts on the high ground. 
At dusk on the 30th October the left of the 53rd Division (our 5th and 6th 
Battalions) was taken over by the 30th Infantry Brigade of the loth 
Division, and the 74th and 60th Divisions, moving up in rear, commenced 
to deploy on the right of the outpost line. While brigades marched up 
to their positions the horizon flickered with the distant bombardment of 
Gaza. The 229th Brigade, which had been attached to the 53rd Division, 
returned to the 74th and provided the advance guard ; they were followed 
by our 5th and 6th Battalions, who were part of Smith's Group, Positions 
had to be found in absolute silence, but " We in Smith's Force, i.e. the brigade 
less two battalions, marched at 5.30 p.m. to our old haunt, El Buggar, and 
then east along the Beersheba-Fara track in rear of the 229th Brigade, 
until we got to Tuweil Khebari, which is at the top of the slope whence the 
ground runs down gently to Beersheba. The 5th and 6th Royal W^elch 
Fusiliers then turned right-handed and marched down to their allotted 
positions. There was some shelling away out on the right and occasional 
rifle fire, but otherwise all was silent in front of us — but not so behind 
us ! The noise of tractors bringing up guns was overpowering, as if the 
whole British Army was on the move, and sounded like the roar of London 
traffic from a little way off. The whole plain behind us hummed with 
mechanical noises, and I marvelled that the enemy in their trenches could 
not hear it. They afterwards told us they were taken by surprise, but 
it is indeed hard to believe." ^ 

The attack was carried out in two phases, the first being an assault 
on some advanced works, called 1070, by the i8ist Brigade, 60th Division. 
" During this period the 231st and 230th Brigades will co-operate as follows : 
A screen of infantry accompanied by machine guns will be pushed forward 
and will perform a double role — {a) assist in the advance of the 60th Division 
on the 1070 works ; {b) cover the deployment in depth of the remainder of 
each brigade. 

"The 231st will conform to the advance of the iSist Brigade, and will 
endeavour to occupy the tributary wadis of the Whale Wadi, and will 
engage by fire the enemy trenches Z16, Zi 5, and Z7." 

^ Captain Ashton in The History of the 5yd Division. 



152 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

When the 1070 works had been captured, the field artillery would 
advance to wire-cutting distance, and while this operation was in progress 
the assaulting infantry would take every opportunity of creeping forward. 
The time for assault would be decided by the G.O.C. 60th Division, and the 
231st Brigade would again conform to the advance of the i8ist Brigade on 
its right. 

While this preliminary bombardment was in progress, the Desert 
Mounted Corps was riding hard round the flank of the unsuspecting Turk. 

At 5.55 a.m. the artillery opened. At 7 a.m. the dust caused by the 
bombardment was so intense that the artillery had to cease fire so that 
observing officers might see the targets. The bombardment was then 
resumed and the i8ist Brigade advanced and captured the works with 
little trouble. Our 24th and 25th Battalions conformed, followed by the 
230th Brigade with the Buff's and Norfolk to the front. They encountered 
heavy and accurate shrapnel fire, but fortunately the country was crossed 
by numerous small wadis which aff"orded some protection. But the crossing 
of wadis made it difficult to keep direction and our two battalions edged too 
much to the right, so that the support companies of the Buffs had to fill 
a gap. 

The advance was over a rolling plain, and as the line of advancing 
troops topped each swell in the ground they were met by a hail of low-flying 
bullets ; the advance slowed down as successive sky-lines became more 
fatal. By 10.40 a.m. our two battalions were within 600 yards of the 
Turkish lines. 

The Turkish trenches on the far side of a deep depression were cut 
in white limestone rock with a strong belt of wire from 70 to 100 yards in 
front of them. There was a pause in the advance while the artillery cut 
the wire and bombarded the trenches. 

The heat was tremendous as the men lay waiting on the stony ground. 
There was no cover and casualties mounted up. It was during this wait 
that Corporal Collins, of our 2Sth Battalion, repeatedly carried wounded 
men back to what little cover was to be found. 

At 12.30 p.m. the artillery delivered a final burst of rapid fire, before 
lifting, and the machine gunners swept the enemy line with a hail of bullets. 
The whole attacking line rose and advanced across the depression. The 
wire in front of our two battalions was found to be little damaged, and had 
to be cut by the men. Again Corporal Collins " was conspicuous in rallying 
and leading his command. He led the final assault with the utmost skill, 
in spite of heavy fire at close range and uncut wire. He bayoneted fifteen 
of the enemy, and with a Lewis-gun section pressed on beyond the objective 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 153 

and covered the reorganisation and consolidation most effectiveh^ although 
isolated and under fire from snipers and guns. He showed throughout a 
magnificent example of initiative and fearlessness." (Gazette.) For these 
various acts he was awarded the Victoria Cross. 

From a distance the final assault could not be seen for the dust raised 
by the artillery bombardment. The support battalions followed on and 
carried the advance some 2,000 yards beyond the captured trenches, but 
the Desert Mounted Corps were having some trouble on the far side of 
Beersheba, and opposition was by no means overcome. 

Our 5th and 6th Battalions, with Smith's Group, had advanced in 
touch with the 229th Brigade, and had done what they could with long-range 
machine- and Lewis-gun fire, but " we were not really in the picture. As 
the attack was designed only against the defences south of the W^adi Saba, 
the enemy in front of us, in trenches across the road, where there was a 
particularly nasty-looking, heavily-wired place called the Barricade, was 
not being disturbed." General Girdwood was, however, anxious about this 
place, especially as Smith's Group reported it held, and he obtained per- 
mission to attack (provision had been made for this in his orders). The 
230th Brigade cleared the works, which were found to be lightly held, and 
our 5th and 6th Battalions moved up to a position along the Beersheba- 
Fara road, across the Barricade, and in touch with the 230th Brigade. 
The Australian Light Horse were already in the town (6 p.m.). 

During the night the 53rd Division was ordered to relieve the cavalry 
pickets north of the town, and occupy the line Towal abu Jerwal- 
Muweileh, with the Imperial Camel Brigade operating on the right. 

At dawn (ist November) the 158th Brigade, less our 7th Battalion and 
the Herefordshire, with a battery from the 266th Field Artillery Brigade, 
a R.E. Section, and an ambulance detachment, moved as advance guard 
to the division. Our two battalions, the 5th and 6th, marched on parallel 
lines, the 5th going through Beersheba, which was found to be a small and 
fairly modern town, " with Abraham's Wells still functioning," but in 
Captain More's eyes it was " a filthy hole " with the roofs and doors stripped 
oif most of the houses. " We were now in the country which had been 
fouled by the Turks, consequently the flies were appalling and our sanitary 
authorities had their hands full." The 6th Battalion, skirting the town, 
proceeded about a mile to the west of it. They marched bj'- compass- 
bearing on Jerwal, which they reached about 7 p.m., the last five miles 
being over a mountainous, trackless, and stony country which was punishing 
to the men, accustomed for so long to sand ; and in places the passage of 



154 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

limbers was difficult, as the country was a network of deep fissures. Drage's 
Column, marching straight across country from a position a good deal north 
of the Beersheba-Fara road, joined the Brigade during the afternoon. 
The outpost position taken up was beyond the Lekiyeh Caves, with the 
Camel Brigade on the right and the 159th Brigade in rear to the left. 
Away in the distance Beersheba was seen to be enveloped in a solid cloud 
of dust, stirred up by the movement of the XX Corps. 

It was a depressing finish to a trying march, as the ration convoy lost 
its way and the men had neither food nor water. 

The khamsin commenced to blow up on the 2nd November. A certain 
amount of water reached the troops, but the shortage was serious and 
caused much suffering. There was no move forward that day. In the 
distance large bodies of Turks could be seen passing from the plain into 
the hills in front of the division. The 229th Brigade, 74th Division, was 
marched up to take over the left of the 53rd Division line. On the coast the 
XXI Corps attacked against Gaza. 

On the 3rd November the 53rd Division was ordered to advance and 
gain touch with the mounted troops operating in the direction of Khuweilfeh, 
and the 74th to move up to a position of assembly on the left flank of the 
53rd. 

The 1 58th Brigade passed into Divisional Reserve, but our 5th Battalion 

was sent as escort to some of the artillery, which, owing to the dreadful 
nature of the country, had to make a wide detour to the east in search of a 
road. 

The fighting that day was terrible owing to the heat of the khamsin 
and the grim nature of the hills. Our 5th Battalion, sweeping round on the 
right, gained touch with the mounted troops a little after midday and were 
soon engaged with the enemy on the low^er slopes of Khuweilfeh. The 
remainder of the division fought their way up and were level by the end of 
the day. 

An abortive attempt was made to capture Khuweilfeh on the 4th, 
doomed to failure by the khamsin and the absence of water for the troops — 
the ration convoy had again lost its way. At nightfall the XX Corps 
issued orders that the 53rd Division would not attack Khuweilfeh without 
direct sanction from the Corps. The 74th Division went up into the line 
on that day, and orders were issued for an attack on Sheria. 

The forecast of the battle was not quite in accordance with the situation. 
At the end of the first movement, the capture of Beersheba, the 60th 
Division should have been in the town, the 74th between the Beersheba- 




CORl'OllAL J. C.OLI.IXS, V.C. 



154] 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 155 

Fara road and Kh. el Sufi, and the 53rd covering the left of the 74th on the 
line Kh. el Sufi-Bir Imleih-El Girheir. The loth Division was seen at 
Shellal. 

The attack on the left of the British line, towards Gaza, along the sand- 
dunes, was to follow immediately, and that had been done (the XXI Corps 
had secured Sheikh Hasan). 

The next move in the plan had been that the 53rd should make a frontal 
attack on the Qawuqa Sj'stem, while the 74th and 60th took the whole of 
the fortified area in flank and reverse. 

But the mounted troops had made no impression on the Turkish forces 
north of Beersheba and the 53rd Division had been diverted into the 
Judean Hills ; the 74th had moved up on their left ; the line was then 
carried on by the 60th and loth Divisions to Abu Irgeig. The 53rd had 
continually edged to the right, and some of the ground first occupied by them 
had been taken over by the 74th Division. 

The modification of the original plan to meet the situation directed 
the 60th Division on the Qawuqa System, and gave to the 74th the envelop- 
ing movement. 

The 53rd Division was now placed under the orders of the Desert Corps 
and, for the attack, was directed to take up the line Khuweilfeh-Rujm 
edh Dhib. Their special task was to protect the right of the XX Corps 
and by taking advantage of any retirement of the enemy to press forward 
and seize the Nejile and Jemmame water-supplies. 

The line of the 74th Division attack was a divergent one, and behind 
the junction of the 53rd and 74th Divisions was the Yeomanry Mounted 
Division ready to close the gap as it occurred. 

The interest in this plan of operation lies in the situation facing the 
53rd Division. General Mott had two of his brigades facing north and in 
close contact with the enemy on Khuweilfeh, and was convinced that there 
were strong forces assembled about that dominating height. As a matter 
of fact his appreciation of the situation was correct, as General Kress had 
moved his general reserve into the hills at Khuweilfeh to strike at the outer 
flank of the turning movement and get outside it. General Chetwode's 
order meant that the 53rd Division would have to side-slip to the left, to 
the lower slopes of the hills, and leave Khuweilfeh to be dealt with by 
mounted troops. 

General Mott did not think that mounted troops could take Khuweilfeh, 
and so long as it remained in Turkish hands the threat of a counter-stroke 
was present and an easy road of retreat for them was provided over 
Hebron. 



156 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

General Mott's views do not seem to have made any impression on 
General Chetwode, whose order held good until the Commander-in-Chief 
visited the 53rd Division Headquarters on the 5th November and consented 
to the Divisional Commander's proposal to attack Khuweilfeh simultane- 
ously with the advance of the XX Corps. 

Plans for the attack had already been prepared. It was entrusted to 
the 1 58th Brigade, with the Herefordshire on the right, the 6th Royal Welch 
in the centre, the 7th Ro3'-al Welch on the left, and the Sussex protecting 
their left flank ; the 5th Royal Welch were in reserve. 

The great difficulty the 53rd Division had was in moving guns in that 
rocky and precipitous country. 

The plan of the 74th Division included the building up of a flank on 
their right. The objective of the division was the railway line between 
Qawuqa and Sheria. The 229th Brigade on the left would direct, the 230th 
and 23 ist advancing successively echeloned to the right. The 23 ist Brigade^ 
however, was to keep in touch with the Yeomanry, and after making good 
the high ground to the north be prepared to resist any counter-attack 
against the flank of the division. The line of the enemy's entrenched 
position ran diagonally across the line of advance of the 74th Division, so 
that while the 230th and 23 ist Brigades would be engaged at once, the 229th, 
starting before them, had 4,000 yards to go to the nearest group of works 
on their front. 

The country in front of the 74th Division was of a gently undulating 
character, very open, and with a stony surface. There was no cover of 
any sort. 

The battle opened at 5 a.m. on the 6th November. The remarkable 
point of the 74th Division achievement was the speed of their advance over 
an open country, with very little artillery support in the earlier and difficult 
stages. The 231st Brigade found some unmarked and unsuspected works 
on the right flank which were captured after some stiff fighting. At 3.15 
p.m. the final assault was delivered on the railway, the 231st Brigade 
forming a flank facing north. Sheria was entered in the early morning 
of the 7th. 

The fight of the 53rd Division was, however, of paramount importance 
and interest. The line in front of the Khuweilfeh position was held that 
night, 5th/6th, by our 5th Battalion and the 2/ioth Middlesex. 

The position to be attacked was clearly marked. Although the country 
was broken with steep minor hills and precipitous-sided ravines which were 
most confusing, there were two conspicuous features in the Turkish position 
— on our right, in front of the Herefordshire, a flat-topped hill, and on the 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 157 

left, in front of the 7th Royal Welch, the commanding Khuweilfeh Hill. 

The flat-topped hill was at the head of a long, wide valley, on the opposite 

side of which was Ras el Nagb : it marked the junction of two ranges of 

hills. 

The artillery barrage opened at 4 a.m., and with it sixteen guns of the 

158th Machine Gun Company. At 4.20 a.m. the barrage started to lift 

100 yards at a time, and the advance commenced. 

Our 7th Battalion gives a good account of the arrangements : " The 
battalion formed up in column of route. Lewis-gun ammunition was 
man-handled, the Lewis-gun mules being used to carry spare ammunition 
and bombs. Arriving at the line of deployment, the battalion formed up 
on a four-platoon front in five lines at twenty-five yards' distance, the fifth 
line being formed by Lewis gunners withdrawn from their platoons. The 
whole frontage of the battalion was 500 yards. Two water-bottles were 
carried and 1 70 rounds of ammunition, also the unconsumed portion of the 
day's ration, one extra day's ration, and the iron ration. All ranks were 
clearly made to understand that on no account, without an order from the 
CO., was any ammunition to be fired, and all work was to be done with the 
bayonet. At 4.23 a.m., three minutes behind scheduled time, the battalion 
moved off to attack Khuweilfeh Hill under cover of the barrage, and gained 
its objective at 5.3 with apparently few casualties." 

Brigadier-General Vernon states that the whole attack went like 
clockwork ; the barrage was so good that the objective was reached just 
as dawn was breaking with practically no casualties. The Turks were 
cowed by the creeping barrage, and were bayoneted in large numbers. 

The Turkish front line had gone, and the leading waves of Herefordshire 
and 6th Royal Welch had reached gun positions to the north of the flat- 
topped hill — a company of the Herefordshire had charged and put to flight 
or bayoneted the personnel of nine field guns, in the act of limbering up — 
when a thick mist swept down, enveloping the hills. 

On the left the 7th Royal Welch had cleared the enemy from the top 
of Khuweilfeh Hill, and through the waves of mist saw below them, on their 
right, a mass of troops which they took to be Turks. They called for 
artiller}' fire — it was a mistake easily made in the confusion of the moment — 
and the advance elements of our 6th Battalion and the Herefordshire were 
driven back by our own artillery ; the guns and the flat-topped hill had to 
be abandoned. 

This unhappy accident, and the fact that the mist prevented troops 
supporting each other, gave the Turks an opportunity of rallying ; their 
machine gunners knew the ground and where they should fire through the 



158 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

mist, and the Turkish Hne, which had been on the point of dissolving, 
stiffened. 

The situation was exceedingly puzzling for the Brigadier who was 
conducting the attack. After a while he ordered the artillery to cease 
fire and all troops to remain where they were until the fog lifted. 

" At 0700, being rather nervous about my right flank, where numerous 
counter-attacks were reported, I ordered one company of my reserve 
battalion, the 5th Royal Welch Fusiliers, under Captain Wigan, in support. 
Owing to the fog it was extremely difficult to clear up the situation exactly, 
so I ordered all artillery to cease firing, and troops to remain where they 
were until the fog lifted. When it was possible to see, the line was found 
to be as follows : On the left the R. Sussex Regiment holding their objective ; 
the 7th R.W.F. holding the Tell, their objective ; the 6th R.W.F. and 
Herefordshire holding the spur {which shot out from the Khuweilfeh Hill) 
with the 3rd Imperial Camel Corps prolonging and slightly in advance of 
their line. This line was practically my objective." (Brigadier-General 
Vernon.) 

But with the light the front of the 6th Royal Welch and Herefordshire 
was so swept by machine-gun fire that they were pinned to the ground. 
The artillery, however, prevented the enemy from reoccupying the flat-topped 
hill, although they made several attempts to do so. 

On the left the Turks launched a strong counter-attack against our 
7th Battalion, and by sheer weight of numbers succeeded in pushing them 
off the crest — but only for a moment. After a short artillery bombardment 
the position was retaken at the point of the bayonet. 

Nothing more could be done. The fog had robbed the 158th Brigade 
of the full fruits of their gallant attack which would have meant the capture 
of large numbers of Turks, and possibly have closed to them the one exit 
to Jerusalem over the Judean Hills. But their achievement enabled the 
attack across the plain bordering the foothills to be driven home without 
molestation. At 1 1 .30 a.m. the Commander-in-Chief telegraphed to General 
Mott : " I congratulate you and your troops on admirable success of your 
efforts, and troops' gallant conduct. You have drawn enemy into very 
position required to facilitate success of main operations of XX Corps. 
Your operations have given us most favourable prospects of success, which 
now depends on valour of 53rd Division." 

The heat of the day now fell across the battlefield. The khamsin 
commenced to blow, and the men, whole and wounded, suffered agonies 
of thirst. The air was thick with clouds of flies ! 

Throughout the day the Turks kept massing behind the flat-topped 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 



159 



hill, but prompt artillery action dispersed them. At 3.30 p.m. they 
resolved to recapture Khuweilfeh Hill and made two determined attacks, 




both of which were broken up by the combined fire of the artillery and 7th 
Royal Welch. 



i6o RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

At dusk the 2/ioth Middlesex relieved the 7th Royal Welch, and the 
5th Royal Welch took over the rest of the line. 

Fighting had been practically continuous. From the moment the 
Turks recovered from the first blow they did their utmost to restore the 
situation. The line held by our 6th Battalion was a sketchy one, enfiladed 
in many places, below commanding underfeatures in others, so that the 
battalion was under a continual strain all day. Captain Fox Russell, 
the Medical Officer attached to the battalion, showed the greatest gallantry 
in rescuing and attending the wounded in the exposed and precarious 
position until he was killed. He was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. 

The 74th Division (231st and 230th Brigades) held a line astride the 
Wadi Esh Sheria, facing north-east, when the 60th Division entered Sheria 
at dawn on the 7th November. About the same time the loth Division 
captured the Hureira Redoubt. A gap — the word which always raised 
a smile in France — had now been made for the mounted troops, who were 
soon streaming through, harrying the Turks until dark. On the extreme 
left the XXI Corps found Gaza evacuated. But the Turks still faced the 
53rd Division on the right. 

The 53rd Division was placed under the orders of General Barrow, as 
part of a force known as Barrowsdett, and was ordered to stand fast. 
Early in the morning reports were sent bank by front-line troops that the 
enemy was retiring ; several large bodies were caught by our artillery fire. 

Only one platoon of our 5th Battalion carried out a small enterprise 
under cover of a rifle-grenade bombardment which gave them a commanding 
ridge. On the 8th, patrols found the enemy had gone. 

The 158th Brigade was moved to el Sqati to ease the supply difficulty. 

The 74th Division cleared up the battlefield and marched to Irgeig 
on the 9th, Karm on the loth — the khamsin blowing strongly — Shellal 
on the 17th, and Deir el Belah on the i8th. 

Pursuit of the Turks. 

The 1 58th Brigade remained at el Sqati, a dreary bit of country, infested 
with flies which were greatly encouraged by numbers of dead horses and 
camels. All available transport was required for the pursuit ; water and 
supplies generally were short ; septic sores broke out ; but the discomforts 
were cheerfully borne, as victory was in the air, and each evening it was 
possible to mark on the maps a further advance towards Jerusalem. 

The pursuit of the retreating Turks by the Desert Corps was relentless, 
but the water question was serious and the Turks marched well, destroying 




THE BROKEN COUNTRY SOUTH-EAST OF GAZA. 



[(j-(jwn Copijriylil. 




\i.riiirii I .iiiniriiiiil. 

AiN SINAI ON Tin; i,i;i r and ndhiud on iiii: ludiir. takiin ihom tiii-: .ii:iusali-:m 

NAHI.rs HOAI). 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE i6i 

what the}' could as they went. At one time portions of the Austrahan 
Mounted Division advanced three days and four nights without watering 
their horses. On the loth November the Desert Corps was 35 miles from 
railhead. It was for these reasons that the XX Corps was left out of the 
pursuit and as much transport as possible was switched over to supplying 
the XXI Corps. 

The Turks made a stand on the 13th between El Kubeibeh and Beit 
Jibrin. The battlefield was the open Maritime Plain, dotted with villages 
surrounded by mud walls, with plantations of trees outside the walls. 
Attacked by the Desert Corps and 52nd Division, the Turkish Army split, 
the one part going north, the other east on Jerusalem. The Anzac Division 
chased the right wing of the Turkish Army across the River Auja, and the 
Yeomanry Division pursued the left wing through the Vale of Ajalon into 
the Judean Hills. 

Once in the hills, however, in spite of the gallantr}^ of the Yeomanry, 
who penetrated at one time as far as Beitania, the Turks stiffened, and it 
became clear that Jerusalem must be captured by more deliberate methods. 
Work was commenced at once on the roads. 

The two principal defiles into the hills follow up the course of the Wadis 
Ali and es Surar ; the high-road to Jerusalem goes through the one and the 
railway through the other. All the defiles are difficult roads to travel, 
leading frequently to the loose shingle beds of mountain torrents. In the 
summer the sun beats down on the limestone, and the heat rises in suff'ocating 
waves from the ground ; with winter and the rainy season approaching 
black mud lay in the valleys, or a torrent rushed down. 

The 74th Division started to march north on the 23rd November, 
when battalions bivouacked east of Gaza, and troops were able to visit 
Ali Muntar, to find that our bombardment had done no great damage to 
the Turkish trenches. 

On the 25th the division was at Majdal ; on the 26th at Nahr Suqreir ; 
27th at Junction Station ; 28th Latron. The 60th Division were already 
there ; the loth followed ; the 53rd remained about Khuweilfeh, divorced 
for the moment from the XX Corps and attached to G.H.Q. as " Mott's 
Force." 

Just before our 24th and 25th Battalions marched into the Judean 
Hills, the Yeomanry Division had been heavily attacked and had been 
forced to give ground. 

The march from Junction Station to Latron is only seven miles, but 
the climb and the nature of the road may be gauged from the fact that 
the 231st Brigade took four and a half hours to cover the distance. They 

IV — II 



1 62 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

arrived at 12.30 p.m. and were off again at 7 p.m. under orders for Beit 
Anan via Enab. It was found impossible to take the transport beyond Enab ; 
the Brigade arrived at Anan at 4.30 a.m. on the 29th. By that time the 
men were thoroughly exhausted, having marched 26 miles since the morning 
of the 25th. 

The Affair at Beit Ur et Foqa. 

At 7 p.m. Lord Kensington, commanding our 25th Battalion, received 
a telephone message from Brigade warning him to be prepared to move at 
once and take up a line Hill 1750-Beit Ur et Foqa ; or failing to occupy 
the village the left of the battalion should rest on the Wadi Zait. 

Shortly afterwards wTitten orders from Brigade arrived to relieve the 
8th Mounted Brigade and placing the 24th Royal Welch on the right 
between the i8ist Brigade and Beit Dukka, the loth Shropshire to Hill 
1750, and the 25th Roj^al Welch to the Wadi Zait. This was followed by a 
second illuminating telephone message from the Brigade that there was no 
one to relieve ! 

The loth Shropshire had moved earlier in the day to the line Dukka — 
Kh. Jufna, so that the new order meant they must swing their left forward 
through the village of Et Tireh to get in touch with Hill 1750. From the 
Shropshire Lord Kensington learned that the village of Et Tireh was in 
enemy hands, but that two companies would advance on the village at 
9 p.m. 

Lord Kensington had a difficult task before him. It was a brilliant 
moonlit night, but there were no roads through this jumble of hills and 
precipitous-sided wadis, only native tracks ; and he was in the hands of 
two natives guides, who knew but one track to his position leading through 
Beit Dukka and Et Tireh. Knowing that the Shropshire were going to 
clear the village of Et Tireh, he decided to place himself at the mercy of 
his guides. 

The road was so bad that although the battalion left Beit Anan at 
I I.I 5 p.m., they did not reach Dukka until i a.m. Here the heavily laden 
men rested while an effort was made to find an easier way ; none was found, 
and the march to Et Tireh was resumed. 

The Shropshire had discovered the enemy in possession of Et Tireh and 
had turned him out about 10.15 P-i"- A further advance was opposed by 
fire from Hill 1750, but a position was taken up north of Et Tireh. 

When Lord Kensington arrived he sent one company forward to 
capture Hill 1750, supported by the fire of the Shropshire and two Royal 
Welch platoons, with a machine gun on a knoll to the left. The hill was cap- 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 163 

tured, 10 Turks being killed and two prisoners and two machine guns 
captured. 

Major Rees was then ordered to push forward to Beit Ur et Foqa with 
five platoons and a machine gun. 

Major Rees, with his little force of eighty rifles, scrambled along rough 
tracks, and up and down the sides of wadis until, just as dawn was breaking, 
he found himself behind the village, east of it. He also saw a large body 
of Turks parading on the western side of the village, while to the south of 
it, on a ridge which la}' between him and the British lines, several small 
posts were revealed by the light of fires they had kindled ; they were 
evidently preparing a morning meal under shelter of the ridge. 

Quick action was imperative ; in a few minutes it would be daylight. 
He decided to attack, and extended his force — three platoons, under 
Lieutenant Neale on the left, and he himself with the remaining two to 
the right. The whole then advanced on the village from the east. 

As they were closing on the place a Turkish officer, mounted on a grey 
pony, rode up. He was seized, made to dismount, and put in the ranks 
of the leading platoon, his pony being led. 

The party reached the walls of the village and through the guide called 
on the garrison to surrender. 

The bewildered Turks seemed at first as though they were about to 
do so, and then to consider a charge with the bayonet. Finally, they made a 
pretence of surrender and suddenly opened fire with six machine guns. 
Happily the garden walls and cactus hedges protected Major Rees's 
command, and well-directed rapid fire spread terror in the Turkish 
ranks ; they promptly threw up their hands. In a few minutes the whole 
garrison had surrendered. 

About 450 prisoners were collected and sent back to the British lines 
under a small escort, Major Rees remaining at Beit Ur et Foqa. As the 
prisoners stumbled along to the west, the escort hoping to find our lines, 
they were fired on by the enem}^ and also by our own troops, and in the 
confusion a good many escaped ; but the escort managed to reach the Wadi 
Selman with 308 Turks. 

Major Rees then tried to get in touch with the British line by flag, and 
sent runners to find Battalion Headquarters. In neither case was he 
successful. After the capture of Hill 1750 Lord Kensington had followed 
a track to the Wadi Shebab, but had run into the enemy lines, had been 
caught by machine-gun fire, and had been forced to retire. He had found 
an Australian picket at the junction of the Wadis Shebab and Selman ; 
but this was some distance in rear of where he was expected to be. 



i64 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

At Beit Ur et Foqa the Turks soon realised that it was held by a small 
force and commenced to close on the village from all directions. At 8 a.m. 
Major Rees was practically surrounded, under fire from all sides, and reduced 
to thirty rifles and four officers. Isolated as he was, he decided to fight 
his way south and try to join up with the British line. 

His retirement was admirably carried out, and he reached Et Tireh 
at 9.45 a.m. 

The original capture of Beit Ur et Foqa was not known at Divisional 
Headquarters until 10 a.m., and the loss of it until 5 p.m. There were 
man}^ observers, including General Girdwood, who could see the line from 
Beit Anan, but no one could make out what was happening at Et Foqa. 
The whole field of battle was frightfully confusmg, our own troops and Turks 
appearing in the most unexpected places. 

After i\lajor Rees had retired, the Turks soon made Hill 1750 untenable, 
and then Et Tireh, so that the Shropshire had to fall back behind the Wadi 
Selman. By that time the situation was more or less understood at 
Divisional Headquarters, and the 229th Brigade was sent up to restore the 
line and recapture Et Tireh, Hill 1 750, and Beit Ur et Foqa. Fierce fighting 
went on until the 3rd December, and by that time the fact that Et Foqa 
was commanded from the Zeitun Ridge, Kh. Kereina, and an unnamed hill, 
separated from the village by a deep ravine and only 500 yards distant, 
was clearly appreciated. 

CAPTURE OF JERUSALEM. 

Area : North and East of the Line Hebron-Junction 

Station. 

The XX Corps took over the line from the XXI Corps, the relief being 
complete on the 2nd December. Our line of battle then ran 6oth, 74th, 
loth Divisions, in touch with the Australian Mounted Division on the left. 

A conference was held at Enab on the 3rd December to discuss the 
capture of Jerusalem. General Mott, commanding 53rd Division, attended ; 
he had already had some correspondence on the subject. 

The new proposal was to attack with the 6oth and 74th Divisions in 
an easterly direction, from Ain Karim-Beit Surik, and throw the two 
divisions astride the Jerusalem-Nablus road ; Mott's Force would advance 
from Hebron, protect the right flank of the attack, and threaten the city 
from the south. The notes of the conference give the whole situation. 

" The enemy are holding a line covering the Hebron- Jerusalem road, 
with works in the neighbourhood of Ras Esh Sherifeh, behind which 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 165 

are trenches near El Khudr, and round Bethlehem from about Kh. esh 
Shughrah, on the south-east, across the road to Kh. Kebah, and thence 
northward. . . . 

" North of the railway the enemy have a series of trenches and redoubts 
from just west of Malhah to Nabi Samwil. 

" Facing the XX Corps are believed to be anything from 500 to a 
maximum of 1,200 on the Hebron road, and a maximum of 15,000 from the 
right of the 60th Division to the left of the loth Division at Suffa, including 
the reserves. 

" The enemy defences are not deep, and once through them the troops 
have only difficulties of terrain to contend with. . . . [The rearrangement 
of the front] will give to the attack two complete brigades of the 53rd, 
the whole of the 60th, and it is hoped two brigades of the 74th Division. 

" It is obvious that the form the attack will take w^U depend a good 
deal on the action of the enemy on the advance of the 53rd Division towards 
Jerusalem. The two brigades of this division reach a point to-night from 
which they are two ten-mile marches from the position north of Bethlehem, 
which they will have to reach to co-operate with the remainder of the 
corps. 

" Should the enemy decide to strengthen his defences in front of 
the 53rd Division by pushing troops south of Jerusalem, the attack wdll take 
the form of the 60th and 74th Divisions driving straight on to the Jerusalem 
-Nablus road, the 60th Division throwing out a flank to the south-east, 
the object of the move being the prevention of the escape of the enemy 
opposing the 53rd Division, either by the Nablus or the Jericho road. 

" Should, however (as is more probable), the enemy recognise the danger 
of such a movement, and withdraw from the front of the 53rd Division, 
the attack will take the form of a direct advance on the part of the 53rd 
Division on Jerusalem, and a wheel by the 60th and 74th Divisions, pivoting 
on the Beit Izza and Nabi Samwil defences, designed to drive the enemy 
northwards, and with the following objectives : (a) a position covering 
the Jericho road to be occupied by a portion of the 53rd Division, (b) the 
6cth and 74th Divisions to seize the general line Shafat-Nabi Samwil, or, 
if possible, the point 2670-Kh. Ras et Tawil-Nabi Samwil. 

" In order to inflict a severe blow on the enemy before he has time to 
arrange to meet the attack, it seems obvious that the advance of the 53rd 
Division must be as rapid as possible once it moves from its present position, 
and the G.O.C. 53rd Division must endeavour to ensure, by careful recon- 
naissance of routes, that his brigades are on the general line Sur Bahir- 
Sherafat by the early morning of Zero-day. 



166 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

" Should the eneni}' retire from before the 53rd Division, or only oppose 
that division lightl}^, the general attack will take, roughly, the following 
form : 

" ist Phase. — The capture as soon as possible after dawn by the 60th 
Division of the enemy works from the railroad to the main Enab road, 
and by the 74th Division of the works covering Beit Iksa, as far north as 
the Wadi el Abbeideh, After this advance it will be necessary to advance 
more guns of the 60th Division. 

" 2nd Phase. — The advance of the 53rd and 60th Divisions to the general 
line Jerusalem-Lifta. It is recognised that difficulties of terrain may 
prevent the 5 3rd Division from advancing from Sherafat northwards, and 
that they may have to work up the main road nearer to Jerusalem before 
they can gain close touch with the 60th Division. 

" 3rd Phase. — The advance of the 60th and 74th Divisions to the 
general line of the track running out of the main road one mile north of 
Jerusalem. . . . During this phase the left brigade of the 53rd Division, 
if there is any room, will assist the right of the 60th Division. Otherwise 
the brigade will drop into reserve. . . . The right brigade of the 53rd 
Division will endeavour to place itself in a position covering the Jericho 
road, and the east and north-east of Jerusalem. 

" 4th Phase. — ^The further advance of the 60th Division to a line 
astride the Jerusalem-Nablus road about Shafat, and, if possible, to 
Pt. 2670, Ras et Tawil. During this phase the 74th Division will improve 
its position by throwing its right into Beit Hannina." 

The preliminary moves to get into position for the attack on Jerusalem 
were made between the 4th and 7th December. The loth Division, having 
relieved the 74th on the night 4th/5th, extended its line to cover Beit 
Dukka. 

On the 5th/6th the 231st Brigade relieved the 60th Division on the Beit 
Izza-Nabi Samwil line. The line here was a salient, and the pivoting 
point on which the attack might turn (and did). The point of the salient 
was a commanding hill, on which was a mosque, held by us, but the enemy 
were from 1 5 to 20 3^ards away from it. Our 24th Battalion was posted here, 
but, owing to the nature of the ground they were holding and the nearness 
of the enemy, could give little help to the advance of the 230th Brigade when 
the attack commenced on the 8th December. The 230th Brigade suffered 
from enfilade fire from Nabi Samwil, probably from caves or trenches 
below our troops. Our 25th Battalion was on the north-eastern face of 
the salient. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 167 

The attack of the 60th and 74th Divisions went forward well, but the 
difficulty that day was the advance of the 53rd Division. 

General Mott's orders were : " The 5 3rd Division, less one brigade 
group, with the Corps Cavalry Regiment attached, will advance on 6th 
December from the Dilbeh area to the Bethlehem-Beit Jala area, which 
must be reached on the 7th December." The corps do not seem to have 
appreciated the difficult country in front of Mott's Force. General Mott 
had wired after the conference at Enab : " We shall be doing well if we make 
the vicinity of Bethlehem in two days from here, on the assumption that we 
are unopposed. Though the road is good, the gradients are punishing to 
gun teams and transport animals." And he repeated the opinion on the 
4th : " Very pretty country, but map distances give no idea of the distances 
men have to march — sometimes two hairpin corners to get down a hill, 
and long ones at that." 

The 53rd Division was late — unavoidably so. Extracts from General 
Mott's report give the situation accurately : " We had pushed along the 
mam road until the enemy held up our advance on the road with artillery 
and rifle fire. The hills in which we were advancing were enveloped in 
clouds, and the rain was torrential at intervals. . . . From the reports of 
previous air reconnaissance it w^as certain our advance troops must be 
quite close up to the system of Bethlehem defences, but the weather had 
denied us any glimpse of the terrain, or the position of the enemy trenches 
on which to base a plan of attack next morning. All we did know was that 
the terrain on either side of the road was very steep and rocky. It was 
clearly impossible to make any further advance until dawn." Those who took 
part in the march remember it as a sort of nightmare of rain, mist, and cold. 

Our battalions, however, did not take part in the advance on Jerusalem. 
The 158th Brigade was left at Beersheba, repairing roads and keeping the 
line of communication across the hills. 

Dawn on the 9th heralded a fine day. The 53rd Division had advanced 
to the outskirts of Bethlehem, and patrols reported to the 74th Division 
units that the enemy had retired. At 8.30 a.m. the Mayor and Chief of 
Police approached the lines of the 60th Division and surrendered the city. 
The 74th Division advanced and occupied the line Tell el Fal-Beit Hannina 
-Nabi Samwil, and during the day the left of the line was extended to 
include the front held by the loth Division — a fearful move over inundated 
country- through which the camels and mules could not move. The 231st 
Brigade remained in the line with their left on Beit Ur et Tahta for several 
weeks. A frost followed the rain — conditions were hard. 



i68 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

The 1 5 8th Brigade was left by itself in the neighbourhood of Beersheba. 
On the 6th December the 5th Ro3^al Welch were moved to a little spring 
called Ain el Unkur, the 6th Battalion to near Dhariye, and the 7th Battalion 
to Sqati. Their principal job was the repairing of roads. 

On the 7th, leaving one company at the spring, the 5th Battalion 
moved into Hebron. The road to Hebron was seen to be " a most magni- 
ficently engineered road, all hairpin bends and corkscrew curves, through 
most wild and picturesque country. Hebron proved to be most beautiful, 
a city of gardens, with the square tomb of Abraham in the middle." The 
town lies in a broad valley, the surrounding hills being terraced with 
vineyards. 

A curious story, unusual but not unique, is told of Hebron : that one 
of the men was accosted by a native in Welsh, and recognised a brother 
who had disappeared some years before the War and was presumed to be 
dead. The Welshman had married a native woman and was settled in the 
town. 

On the 14th Brigade Headquarters moved to Hebron, and Brigadier- 
General Vernon with the Military Governor, Sir F. Curtis, paid ceremonial 
visits to the officers of the new Civil Government. 

The attitude of the inhabitants was described as unsettled, not to say 
unfriendly. They had pro-Turk leanings on religious grounds, but they 
were also frightened, as the Turks had expressed the intention of returning 
at an early date. For moral effect an armed force, in which our 5th Battalion 
and a company from our 6th Battalion were included, marched through the 
town headed by the Militar}^ Governor. " When the brigade left the town, 
owing to the benefits of settled government, the good behaviour of the troops 
and the moral effect of this armed display, the attitude of the people had 
changed, with very few exceptions, to one of complete friendliness." 

The Jews of Hebron, who were described as a repulsive-looking lot, 
with long oily ringlets down their necks, professed to be pleased to see the 
British, but the pleasure was more noticeable in their women-folk, who were 
generally good to look upon, with fine complexions and magnificent black 
eyes ; they were also, in appearance, much cleaner than their men-folk ! 

On the 1 6th December the brigade was ordered to concentrate at Wadi 
el Arab by the 19th. Unfortunately the weather broke and there was 
continual rain until the 21st ; the march was one of great discomfort and 
fatigue. 

The brigade moved from the Wadi el Arab to Burak, and on the 21st 
to the outskirts of Jerusalem. On the 22nd our 5th Battalion was ordered 
to relieve the whole of the i 59th Brigade in the line. 



1917 THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 169 

The iSQth and i6oth Brigades were found to be holding an outpost line 
to the east and north-east of the city. The Valley of Jehoshaphat runs 
across the northern side and the eastern side of the city, and then turns 
to the east. Shallow to the north, the valley is marked by the ridge on the 
far side of it, about i| miles out, running east, then turning south, the bend 
in the ridge being the Mount of Olives. This ridge formed the line of defence 
held by us, with our outpost line well down the forward slope, which was 
steep and rocky. Brigade Headquarters were in the Kaiserin Augusta 
Viktoria Hospice, on the Mount of Olives, a magnificent building, luxuriously 
furnished, ornamented with statues and frescoes (some of the Kaiser), 
and containing a staff of servants which included a German housekeeper 
and cooks. Wonderful views w^ere obtained from the tower. 

Christmas Day dawned " in the usual torrents of rain," and the Valley 
of Jehoshaphat, in which the 158th Brigade was bivouacked, became a 
rushing torrent. By nightfall the whole brigade, less our 5th Battalion, 
was under cover in some of the large monasteries. The next da}- the 6th 
Royal Welch and Herefordshire took over the line ; the 5th Royal Welch 
went into reserve at the Russian Hospice, south of the German Hospice ; 
the 7th Royal Welch in reserve at Sir John Grey Hill's house, north of the 
German Hospice. 

Brigade Headquarters, watching the rain as they sat in the tower of 
the German Hospice, knew that when it ceased they would get the order for 
a general advance, and that perhaps their next Headquarters would not be 
so comfortable. 

Defenxe of Jerusalem, 26TH-30TH December. Area : North and 
East of the Lixe Hebron-Junction Station. 

The contemplated attack of the XX Corps w^as designed to pinch off 
the salient made by the Turkish line toward Jerusalem. Not a salient as 
understood in France, for it had but one side ; nevertheless it was a salient, 
as the eastern side of it was the God-forsaken, tumbled, and broken country 
that fell into the valley of the Jordan. The 53rd and 6oth Divisions were 
given objectives north of Bireh and Ram Allah — the direction of the Right 
Attack would, therefore, be north. The centre of the XX Corps front was 
lightly held by the 231st Brigade, from Beit Izza to Et Tireh. The Left 
Attack was to be carried out in its initial stages by the 229th Brigade (74th 
Division) and the 3 ist, 29th, and 30th ( loth Division) in an easterly' direction. 

All was settled. The rain ceased during the night 26th/27th December, 
and a small preliminary affair was undertaken on the 231st Brigade (74th 



170 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

Division) front by the 24th Welch Regiment, which was not brought to a 
successful conclusion until the morning. Everyone was ready for the 
general " push " on the left of the corps front. 

But on the right an interesting situation had arisen. During the 
advance from Beersheba a lucky capture had been the Turkish wireless code, 
which put General Allenby in immediate possession of any plans transmitted 
by wireless. He had known for some days that the Turks were preparing 
an attack to recapture Jerusalem, and learned, at the last moment, that it 
was to take place during the night 26th/2 7th. He decided that it would 
take place, and orders for the XX Corps Right Attack to proceed were 
not issued ; but when the Turks were well committed against the 53rd and 
60th Divisions, the Left Attack of the XX Corps was to take place as 
arranged. 

While the Welch Regiment was busy capturing Hill 1 910, in preparation 
for the general advance on the left, the right of the corps was violently 
attacked by the Turks. 

The 60th Division took the first blow, and when dawn broke, on a fine 
but misty day, the attack spread to the 5 3rd Division front. But not against 
the 1 5 8th Brigade ; the 60th Division, on their left, were driven from some 
of their advanced posts, and the i6oth Brigade on their right had a tough 
fight, during which the Queen's had to abandon White Hill, an important 
position commanding the Jericho Road, but succeeded in preventing the 
Turks from occupying it. A very feeble effort was at one time made against 
our 6th Battalion, but it was easily dispersed. Towards evening the 158th 
Brigade was ordered to take over all that part of the i6oth Brigade line 
north of the Jericho Road ; this meant the recapture or reoccupation of 
White Hill, which was carried out behind a barrage by our 7th Battalion 
at I a.m. By that time there was no opposition. 

The Left Attack was entirely successful. The 229th Brigade and the 
loth Division captured their first objective. Sheikh Abu ez Zeitun-Kh. 
er Ras by 9.20 a.m. The line was now in a sharp salient, and at 10.15 ^-m* 
our 24th Battalion, who had concentrated during the night in the Wadi 
Selman, in front of Beit Dukka, attacked Kh. Dreihemeh and Hill 2450. 
In each case the crest of the hill was reached, but the companies were faced 
with one of those difficult situations which abounded in that country of 
sharply rising hills : each crest could be swept by machine guns placed on 
the forward slope of the other while the Turkish gunners remained safe in 
dead ground. The two companies on Hill 2450 were counter-attacked 
again and again and were finally forced down the reverse slope. An 
artillery bombardment was organised and a second assault delivered, but 



1917 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 



171 



the Turkish machine gunners, cleverl}^ concealed on the neighbouring hill 
Kh. Dreihemeh, held the crest clear by their fire, and the attempt failed. 

The line remained in a sharp salient that night. 

The next morning the Turks had retired from the 231st Brigade front, 




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and in the advance the brigade was squeezed out by the 230th, and with- 
drawn into reserve south of Beitania. 

The Right Attack was continued on the 28th December by the 60th 
Division advancing north. The 53rd Division was given the task of pro- 
tecting the right flank of the 60th. This operation entailed the capture 
of three separate hills by the Herefordshire and our 6th and 7th Battalions. 



172 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Jan. 

The advance commenced at 3.45 p.m. The first hill, Anata, was quickly- 
taken by the Herefordshire ; on the right Grey Hill was as swiftly taken by 
Captain Emrys Evans, of our 6th Battalion ; but the third hill was a harder 
job. 

White Hill was occupied by our 7th Battalion and was connected with 
Suffa, the objective, by a saddle, about a mile long. Colonel Harker directed 
his attack (i^ companies) along the length of the saddle ; but the hills 
on the flank were held by the enemy, who were able to keep the whole line 
of advance under machine-gun fire. The advance commenced with a dash, 
but soon slowed down and at 4.30 p.m. ceased. The 7th Royal Welch 
were responsible for Zamby, White Hill, and the Jericho road, and more 
troops could not be spared to give fresh impetus to the attack ; but in the 
evening the 5th Royal Welch took over the line, and the 7th, as a battalion, 
assaulted and occupied the hill at midnight. 

After the capture of Suffa all was quiet. Our 7th Battalion again took 
over White Hill and Zamby in addition to the position won ; our 5th 
Battalion concentrated at Anata ; our 6th Battalion held the line from 
Wadi Ruabeh to Kh. Almit ; the Herefordshire carried it on to about 
Hismeh, where they joined with the 1 59th Brigade. 

On the rest of the corps front the 60th Division units had to fight in one 
or two places, but the general advance on the 29th was not otherwise 
opposed. The final line occupied by the XX Corps was Deir Ibn Obeid- 
Hismeh-Jeba-Beitin-El Burj-Ras Kerker-Deir el Kuddis. 

All through these winter months of rain and cold our battalions with 
the 158th and 231st Brigades when not in the line were mostly engaged on 
road making and repair, in common with others. The grind of heavy 
lorries made the work of repair incessant. The native population was drawn 
upon, and men, women, and children were employed carrying stones from 
the hillsides. 

Rest out of the line was hard work. The mud was dreadful ; the cold 
was piercing. The men adapted themselves to the hard conditions, and 
some of them became exceedingly clever in the construction of stone shelters 
in their bivouac camps. 

Withtherainthere was a certain amount of snow, and frost was frequent, 
with the result that frost-bitten feet afflicted a number of men. The Higher 
Command issued violent threats, and the Quartermasters tins of whale oil 
as a palliative. 

In the villages drying-rooms of a primitive nature were constructed 
by blocking up windows of empty houses and lighting innumerable wood 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 173 

fires in the rooms ; socks were the articles of clothing that required the 
greatest attention. 

But the hardships suffered by the men were not greater than those 
suffered by the animals, especially the camels. These poor brutes, with 
their great padded feet, could not get a hold on the muddy roads, and were 
constantly falling ; they died in hundreds from the cold and wet. Donkeys 
suffered almost as much. 

There was a heavy fall of snow just after the 53rd Division took over 
the Burj-Beitin line on the 4th January, our battalions being on the right. 

In rear of the right of the line was a deep wadi through which our 
battalions made roads during their periods of " rest." 

The British line across Palestine was thrown back on the right, where 
troops looked down from the heights into the wonderful sunken Valley of 
the Jordan. In the right sector held by the 53rd a fine view was obtained 
from Kh. Nisieh across a few wooded valleys to the mass of tumbled, bare 
desert hills, a ghastly sort of wilderness which fell abruptly into the valley. 
Beyond the Valley of the Jordan the hills of Moab could be seen. General 
Allenby decided that he must move down into the valley. 

The task was given to the 60th Infantry Division and the Anzac 
Mounted Division. The 53rd Division drove the Turkish garrison from 
the village of Rummon, but our battalions had little to do beyond patrolling 
and watching the road across their front and protecting the flank of the whole 
operation. This was one of the occasions when all our battalions may be 
said to have met. The 231st Brigade was lent to the 60th Division and our 
25th Battalion was in close support to the line which eventually held the 
escarpment on the edge of the Valley of the Jordan on the 20th February : 
they were withdrawn after the capture of Jericho to Ras et Tawil, and 
relieved the 158th Brigade on the 26th and 27th. The 158th Brigade had 
then been in the line for 33 days, 16 of which had been wet. 

At this time another change took place in the Turkish command. 
Our old redoubtable opponent Liman von Sanders was asked by Enver 
Pasha to take command of the Turkish Armies in Palestine. He took with 
him a number of his Turkish staff who had worked under him since 191 4. 
His account of the journey is amusing. He left Constantinople on the 24th 
February and found that someone had hitched " the Headquarters squadron 
of Turkish Headquarters " bound for Aleppo on to his train. The over- 
loading caused the train to be late, " so at the station of Ekischehir I simply 
ordered the uncoupling of the cars of the squadron. Neither it nor Head- 
quarters ever went to Aleppo. The squadron was peacefully taken back 



174 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

to Constantinople." But " after numerous changes of trains caused by the 
incomplete state of the Taurus tunnel and by the diiferences of gauge south 
of the Taurus, I reached Samach on Lake Tiberias at noon on ist March." 

He says that after Jericho " had been given up," the XX Turkish 
Corps had crossed to the east bank of the Jordan. West of the Jordan the 
line was held by the III Turkish Corps. " The left flank of the corps was 
in the air, the interval of twenty kilometres between the main position and 
the Jordan being guarded only by a few small detachments." Von Sanders 
therefore ordered the XX Corps to recross the Jordan and take post between 
the III Corps and the Jordan. 

After a tour of inspection he returned to the III Corps front on the 
8th March and found that the last units of the Turkish XX Corps had 
just arrived. 

Actions of Tell Asur, 8th-i2th March. Area : West of the Jordan, 
AND North of the Line Jericho-Ram Allah-Jaffa. 

The arrival of Liman von Sanders coincided with orders to our own XX 
Corps for a further advance. General Allenby was thinking of operations 
on the east of the Jordan and washed to deprive the enemy of the use of the 
few roads leading to the lower Jordan Valley, and force him, if he wished 
to transfer troops, to make a wide detour to the north. His orders to the 
XX Corps were to secure Kh. el Beiyudat and Abu Tellul, in the Jordan 
Valley north of the Wadi Auja. The chaotic mass of arid hills falling from 
the highlands into the valley were left out — no troops could manoeuvre 
there — but on either side of the Jerusalem-Nablus Road the advance was 
to be to the line Kefr Malik-Kh. abu Felah — high ground south of Sinjil — 
ridge north of the Wadi el Jib, running through Kh. Aliuta-Jiljiliya- 
Abwein-Arura, thence to Deir es Sudan-Neby Saleh. 

The 6oth Division was down in the Jordan Valley. Above the great 
rent was the 5 3rd Division ; then the 74th ; then the loth. The country 
on the line of advance was wild and picturesque ; it was sparsely dotted 
with ruins and villages, with fig and olive groves, and vineyards painting 
the hillsides with varying shades of green, but apart from these cultivated 
pockets it was a succession of scarred hills, separated by deep and sometimes 
precipitous valleys. To cover what appeared a short distance on the map 
required a great physical effort. 

The 53rd Division would have to build up a flank as they advanced in 
touch with the 74th. General Mott gave the main attack to the 158th 
Brigade, and to the 159th Brigade the task of building up a flank ; the 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 175 

loth jMiddlesex were to see to the gap which would occur between the left 
of the 1 5 8th Brigade and the right of the 74th Division. 

The 74th Division had the 231st Brigade on the right, and the 230th 
on the left, in touch with the loth Division. 

The shifting and indefinite position of the Turkish line frequently 
gave a considerable width to " No Man's Land." ^ On the night 6th/7th 
March the 15 9th Brigade advanced several thousand yards to get in touch 
with the enemy. On the 74th Division front two such advances were made 
by our 24th Battalion. 

All was ready on the 8th March, the day the XX Turkish Corps came 
into line. 

A panoramic view of the line of advance shows a mass of hills — no 
ridges, no definite line. When our 5th, 6th, and 7th Battalions started 
out at 2 a.m. on the 9th March, they had given them as objectives various 
hills, and these hills, not easily located, had small features, bumps, false 
crests, and so on, which are not shown on maps but which were tactical 
features of vast importance in the struggle to capture the objectives. 

A preliminary advance on the night 6th/7th had placed the 158th 
Brigade line west of Taiyibeh, where the Herefordshire formed up on the 
right and our 5th Battalion on the left. Advancing on a two-battalion 
front, the Herefordshire w^ere given Drage Hill and then Chipp Hill ; our 
5th Battalion had Cairn Hill. When these points were taken Tell Asur 
was to be attacked from the east. 

We are told that Chipp Hill was a hill " in succession to Drage Hill," 
and that Cairn Hill was " a kind of hump between Drage Hill and Tell 
Asur." Tell Asur with its slopes covered with vines and fig trees was a 
high, steep hill rising straight out of the valley which separated it from 
Cairn Hill, and " we somehow assumed that the country would fall on the 
other side in the same way ; most hills do. Actually Tell Asur was the edge 
of a high plateau." Tell Asur was, in fact, the highest point of all, and 
north-west of it, on the forward slope of a hill, was Selwad, the first objective 
of the 231st Brigade, to be taken by the Shropshire Light Infantry with 
our 25th Battalion in support. The directions of attack seem strange. 

The 158th Brigade advanced from the position west of Taiyibeh at 
2 a.m., our 7th and 6th Battalions being in support. A long march lay 
before them over a rough country, but free of enemy posts. As dawn 
approached, a thick fog enveloped the hills : the fog interfered greatly 
with communication, but does not seem to have been so thick in the valleys. 

* Officers of the 7th Field Survey Company, R.E., worked frequently far beyond the front line. 



176 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

About 6 a.m. the 5th Roj^al Welch approached Cairn Hill, and were 
fired upon by the enemy on their immediate front and also from Tell Asur. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Borthwick had kept his battalion in close formation up 
to the last moment, but he was now forced to deploy. Companies then 
advanced up the hill into the thicker fog, the enemy retiring before them. 
The hill was occupied, but much time was spent in reorganising and regaining 
control of men who had wandered in all directions in the fog. Meanwhile, 
the Herefordshire had advanced up Drage Hill, which they found was 
already partly in the hands of the 4th Welch Regiment, from the 159th 
Brigade on the right. 

Back at Brigade Headquarters no one could see or obtain direct infor- 
mation of what was happening. Our 5th Battalion was completely hidden, 
but unauthorised reports came to the brigade. One, repeated several times, 
was that Tell Asur had been captured, and Brigadier-General Vernon moved 
the 6th and 7th Battalions up in close support in some dead ground, the 
7th behind Drage Hill, the 6th behind Cairn Hill. 

The Herefordshire then became involved in severe fighting in which 
they won and lost Chipp Hill, and while this was going on the Brigadier 
heard that Tell Asur had not been captured. Lieutenant-Colonel Borthwick 
had, however, reorganised his battalion, and under artillery support 
assaulted and captured Tell Asur without much difficulty. 

Our 7th Battalion was then ordered to relieve the Herefordshire 
companies on Drage Hill, and our 6th to relieve the 5th on Tell Asur. The 
relief was not complete until 11.30 a.m., the fog having by that time 
dispersed. 

The Herefordshire, freed from the responsibility of Drage Hill, continued 
to attack Chipp Hill without success until about 6.30 p.m., when they 
secured a position on the crest and were then relieved by our 7th Battalion. 
The relief was not complete until 10 p.m. 

On Tell Asur our 6th Battalion had no sooner got into position at midday 
than they were counter-attacked in force, and a regular " dog fight " took 
place in which our battalion was at one time pushed off the top of the hill, 
but regained it by a counter-charge. The position they held was the 
highest point, but what they describe as the " plateau " fell in a very slight 
gradient before them and was covered with great boulders. The Turks were 
on the plateau, finding splendid cover behind the boulders, so that the 
capture of Tell Asur was only partial. 

The difficulties on this front reacted on the 231st Brigade, actually 
attacking on the left, but at some distance. 

The Shropshire Light Infantry had captured Selwad after a company 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 177 

of our 25th Battalion had dislodged some machine guns on the right, and 
when the village was secured the 25th Battalion deployed on the right of 
the vShropshire. In front of them lay the Wadi Nimr, below a steep escarp- 
ment. Further advance was a hard problem. Only two paths could be 
discovered leading down to the rock-strewn bed of the wadi, and both were 
under machine-gun fire from Lisaneh and Sheikh Saleh. Tell Asur to their 
right rear was still in the hands of the Turks, against whom sections of the 
2ioth Machine-gun Company were in action. On the left the 230th 
Brigade had not yet taken Burj Bardawil, and the 231st Brigade stood with 
both flanks in the air. Burj Bardawil was eventually captured at 10.30 a.m., 
but the 230th Brigade was not ready to move forward until 2.30 p.m. 
They then moved on to the escarpment overlooking the Wadi el Jib, into 
which the Wadi Nimr runs, in line with the 231st Brigade. 

With his two attacking brigades in this position. General Girdwood 
postponed any further advance in daylight, and telegraphed to General 
Mott to this effect. The time was 5 p.m. 

Night brought no rest to our three battalions on Chipp Hill and Tell 
Asur. The 7th Royal Welch were attacked twenty minutes after taking 
over from the Herefordshire, and after severe and close fighting repulsed 
the enemy, but gave a little ground themselves. 

At 3 a.m. on the loth March our 7th Battalion was ordered to advance 
north. The Herefordshire came up again and took over the line ; our 
battalion commenced to advance at 4 a.m. They had not gone far, however, 
when they bumped into a large bod}^ of Turks also advancing. The Turks 
spread out and opened fire at once, but our 7th Battalion stood their ground. 
There they remained in close touch with the enemy. 

On Tell Asur our 6th Battalion had repulsed five separate attacks 
since taking over the position. They were ordered to advance at 6.30 p.m. 
on the 9th, and their line was taken over by our 5th Battalion. The 6th 
Battalion had one company holding Cairn Hill, and three companies only 
commenced to advance along the boulder-strewn plateau. They were not 
in sufficient strength, and the Turks were well placed amongst the boulders. 
No advance was made. 

It was a trying and nervous night for all Commanding Officers. Orders 
were issued from Brigade which did not reach their destination for some hours, 
and it was impossible to co-ordinate the advance of widely separated 
battalions. The attempt of our 6th Battalion to go forward on Tell Asur 
was supposed to be part of a general advance ordered when Chipp Hill 
had been taken by the Herefordshire. Chipp Hill was only partly taken. 
Our 7th Battalion, as stated above, did not commence the forward move 

IV — 12 



1 78 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

until the early hours of the morning, while the 6th Battalion started at 
6.30 p.m., which was about the time the Herefordshire got a footing on 
Chipp Hill. Between these two hours of assault Brigadier-General Vernon 
decided that he was stuck on both flanks and that his best course was " to 
push one battalion as a wedge through the centre " and get behind the 
Turks on the forward slopes of Tell Asur. The Brigadier expected this 
movement to be carried out before midnight, but the order did not reach 
Lieutenant-Colonel Mills until 10 p.m., and then directed that one company 
should be left on Cairn Hill, to which the whole battalion had been with- 
drawn. A second order followed that the last duty should be undertaken 
by our 5th Battalion, and this was not carried out until 4 a.m. 

The 6th Battalion commenced to advance at 4.5 a.m., which was the 
hour when our 7th Battalion commenced to move forward on Chipp Hill, 
only to meet with an unexpected advance by the Turks. The check on 
Chipp Hill was believed by Lieutenant-Colonel Mills to be a retirement, 
and he therefore halted his battalion and waited for fresh orders. 

When orders arrived, Lieutenant-Colonel Mills advanced and found 
that the enemy had retired. This was after da3dight. 

Similarly, on the 74th Division front darkness on the 9th March 
meant renewed activity. The paths found by our 25th Battalion leading 
down the escarpment could be negotiated in single file after dark, and by 
8.30 p.m. our battalion was deployed in the bed of the Wadi Nimr, with the 
Shropshire on their left. The descent had not been too bad, except for 
gradients, as the enemy was then sweeping the hillside at random. Having 
got down in the valle}'', they had now the job of climbing out the other 
side, up the precipitous Lisaneh Ridge. Expressed in time, the arduous 
nature of this climb in the dark is 6^ hours — terraces, impassable except 
in one or two spots, which had to be found, obstacles which men had to 
overcome by mounting on each other's shoulders — and the enemy's position 
was only reached at 3 a.m., but carried after a sharp hand-to-hand fight. 

The enemy was not content, however, and launched three counter- 
attacks before dawn — all strong bombing attacks — which were repulsed. 

On the left the 230th Brigade had some hard fighting, which continued 
all through the day. In the afternoon our 25th Battalion was twice 
counter-attacked, but succeeded each time in stopping the storming troops. 
In the evening the 230th Brigade was well forward, and the 231st Brigade 
advanced on Sheikh Selim, without opposition, but over steep rough 
country and in pouring rain, and brought the line level, with their left 
on the high ground near El Tell. 

On the 53rd Division front our 5th Battalion relieved the right of the 



1918 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 



179 



6th and carried on to near Kh. Abu Felah. Kh. Abu Felah was occupied 
next day by the 159th Brigade. 

It had been a difficult advance, entailing great physical effort and much 
severe fighting. The final line occupied by the corps was Kefr Malik- 
ridge overlooking Wadi el Kola-Burj el Lisaneh-Kh. el Sahlat-Kh. 
Aliuta-Jiljilij^a-Abwein-Arura-Deir es Sudan. Summing up the 
operations, General Allenby's dispatch states : " The descent of the slopes 



, Dcircs Sudan 



Oiu 



, I(<bySakh 



Ijui 



, UmS^aix 



After the opcratioru round Jcruialtm 
NoMiA'sIjndvv'ai a mjttcro/fivVnuItt 
in u'idth; t/iis luu u'i> occuf if i,u-ithout 
cppoiition onthtra^hl e// olMtrch — 

Tht cjuAtry ; J a masi olfuJlS . Ta^tAi list 
tt litXi tbAjfOu into ttu ViUXjf olthe 
Jardta. 



• $ail!erkir 



n 

, Lubban . Kun^rut 

'*« . o Scilun 



,„. — r-^''"V"' 







AmSim34 |^_ 






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^ 



leading down to the Wadis en Nimr and el Jib and the ascent on the far side 
presented great difficulties. The downward slopes were exceptionally 
steep, almost precipitous in places. It was impossible for companies and 
platoons to move on a wide front. The slopes were swept by machine-gun 
and rifle fire and the bottom of the wadis by enfilade fire. The ascent on 
the far side was steeply terraced. Men had alternatively to hoist and pull 
each other up under fire, and finally to expel the enemy from the summits 
in hand-to-hand fighting. . . . The result of this operation was the capture 
of a line with great natural facihties for defence, and of eleven officers, 



i8o RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS April 

1 60 other ranks, eleven machine guns, and considerable amounts of ammu- 
nition and other booty." 

Liman von Sanders remarks with pride that the British effort to take 
Nablus did not succeed until six and a half months later, and that the spirit 
of the Turkish troops after the three-day battle was full of confidence. 
He was rightly pleased with his decision to redistribute his troops. 

On the 1 3th March the 53rd Division was relieved by the 74th. On the 
3rd April the 74th Division was informed of the War Office decision to replace 
British by Indian troops as far as possible, and that they would proceed 
to France. The great German offensive commenced on the 21st March, 
and Haig's " back to the wall " order was issued before the division left 
Palestine. 

The division concentrated at Ludd on the 14th April, with Divisional 
Headquarters at Qantara, to be followed during the next two days by the 
three infantry brigades. By the 3rd May embarkation at Alexandria was 
complete. 

The 158th Brigade Group was in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem, and 
on the 23rd March our 6th and 7th Battalions were ordered to march to 
Talaat ed Dumm, on the road to Jericho. 

General Allenby had turned his attention once more to the east of the 
Jordan, and the 60th Division and Australian Mounted Division were 
advancing on Amman. 

On the 29th our 7th Battalion was moved to a position beyond the 
Ghoraniyeh Bridge on the Jordan, and the rest of the brigade commenced 
to march to Talaat ed Dumm from Jerusalem. 

This is the shortest road from Jerusalem to Jericho. There are no 
passes from the depths of the Jordan Valley to Judea — although there are 
many gorges, they are too narrow and crooked to carry roads — and the roads 
follow the ridges rather than the valleys. The first consideration in either 
ascent or descent is the oasis, and most roads follow the line of oases through 
this grim and barren wilderness of hills ; but there is no water-point on 
the road followed by our battalions across the blistering limestone rocks 
and over bare hills without shadow or verdure. Red streaks in the stone 
give the name to Red Khan, the Chastel Rouge of the Crusaders, and to 
Talaat ed Dumm, or " the ascent of blood 1 " 

Beyond the heat in the valley, which was intense, there is nothing to 
record. Visitors to Jericho found it disappointing. Talaat itself still 
preserved the ruins of a Crusader castle, and there were monasteries, 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE i8i 

particularly the one on the Mount of Temptation (Kuruntul), which 
attracted attention. 

On the I St April the order came to return to Ram Allah. The brigade 
marched to Jerusalem on the 4th, Ram Allah on the 5th, and relieved the 
230th Brigade on the 74th Division front (left subsector) on the 7th. 

This sector was astride the Jerusalem-Nablus road, with excellent 
observation over the Turkish positions from Beachy Head — which stuck 
out like a cape into the wide green valley to the north — and the Sinjil 
Ridge. The main road runs between Beachy Head and Sinjil Ridge, across 
the valley and so into the hills beyond. On Sinjil Ridge the 158th Brigade 
joined hands with the loth Division. 

" No Man's Land " was wide. The front line was held at night only, 
and consisted of a series of sangars and breastworks protected by barbed 
wire ; in daytime troops retired behind Beachy Head or the crest of the 
Sinjil Ridge. 

Behind the front-line system the serried ranks of hills were divided into 
defended localities ; some of them, such as Burj el Lisaneh and Burj 
Bardawil, were easily recognised by the ruins of ancient castles on their 
summits. 

The right subsector, into which the brigade moved in due course, ran 
along the edge of a high escarpment, at the bottom of which was the Wadi 
Samieh — it was a tremendous ravine. On the right was Nejmeh, a detached 
locality from which troops could look down a drop of some 4,000 feet into 
the Jordan Valley. The view from the detached post was weird and magni- 
ficent. The Dead Sea, half hidden in haze, lay still and mysterious to the 
south, reflecting in its near surface the mountains of Moab, on the far side 
of the Valley. A snake-like white road ran from the hills to the green patch 
of Jericho, and beyond, running the length of the wide valley, were the green 
banks of the Jordan ; and then on the far edge of the valley the hills of 
]\Ioab, with a range of colour that beggars description ; " added to a family 
of browns, chocolates, and yellows, always present, there are other families 
of purples, mauves, and violets, and of all imaginable shades of grey, 
salmon, pink, and blue 1 " 

In the early part of the j^ear the ground in the valleys was carpeted with 
a blaze of small flowers, a certain amount of grass grew on the hillside, 
the young vine leaves were a beautiful shade of light green contrasting with 
the dark green olive trees which were most plentiful. Later in the year 
only the olives and vines remained — the rest was burned a drab dust- 
colour. 

Indian battalions began to arrive. The composition of the division 



1 82 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

began to change, and did not settle down until the ist August, when our 
5th and 6th Battalions were amalgamated and known as the 5th/6th 
Battalion. The new battalion remained in the is8th Brigade, which was 
now composed of the 4/1 ith Gurkha Rifles, 3/1 53rd Indian Infantry, 
3/1 54th Indian Infantry, 

Our 7th Battalion was moved to the i6oth Brigade, with the 21st 
Punjabis, 17th Indian Infantry, and the i/ist Battalion Cape Corps. 

The heat of the summer put an end to all major operations. Our 
battalions settled down to a regular routine, and life was not so difficult. 
Also news of a change of fortune in France began to trickle through, although 
it meant very little to the men in Palestine. 

Reorganisation went on all through the summer and was completed 
in August, 

Opposite us General Liman von Sanders was having a lot of trouble. 
He declares that he was well aware, from the moment of taking over 
command of the Yilderim Group, that the British could break through his 
line at any point they chose. He supplies himself an excellent reason for 
the state of aifairs, and from the British point of view a justification of their 
efforts against the Turks — the aggressive efforts, for it was we who attacked. 
In a letter to Count Bernstorff, Ambassador at Constantinople, complaining 
of the action of Turkish Headquarters in giving orders for the withdrawal 
of all German troops in Palestine, he says : " Through the advance into 
Persia, against which I urgently warned, the Turks have lost Baghdad ; 
through the initiation of the Yilderim enterprise planned against Baghdad 
the Turks have lost Jerusalem ; and now through the bottomless advance 
into Transcaucasia they are going to lose all of Arabia, Palestine, and 
Syria," The letter is dated the 21st June,^ The " side-shows " had their 
value. 

THE BATTLE OF NABLUS, 19TH-25TH September 1918. 

Area : Between the Hejaz Railway and the Sea, North of the 
Line Dhabu Station-Mouth of Jordan-Assuf. 

The Turkish Seventh and Eighth Armies, opposing us on the west of 
the Jordan, stood within a rectangle 45 miles wide and 12 miles deep. 

" The northern edge of this rectangle was a line from Jisr ed Damieh on 
the Jordan, through Nablus and Tul Keram to the sea. All the enemy's com- 
munications to Damascus ran northwards from the eastern half of this line, 
converging on El Afule and Beisan some 25 miles to the north. Thence, 

^ Liman von Sanders, Five Years in Turkey. 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 183 

with the exception of the roads leading from El Afule along the western 
shore of the Sea of Galilee, his communications ran eastwards up the Valley 
of the Yarmuk to Deraa, the junction of the Palestine and Hedjaz railways. 
Thus El Afule, Beisan, and Deraa were the vital points on his communi- 
cations. If they could be seized, the enemy's retreat would be cut off. 
Deraa was beyond my reach, but not beyond that of mobile detachments 
of the Arab Army. It was not to be expected that these detachments could 
hold the railway junction, but it was within their power to dislocate all traffic. 

" El Afule in the Plain of Esdraelon, and Beisan in the Valley of Jezreel, 
were within reach of my cavalry, provided the infantry could break through 
the enemy's defensive systems and create a gap for the cavalry to pass 
through. It was essential that this gap should be made at the commence- 
ment of the operations, so that the cavalry might reach their destinations 
45 and 60 miles distant before the enemy could make his escape." 

The above was General Allenby's plan epitomised in his despatch. 
The break-through was entrusted to the XXI Corps, on the Maritime 
Plain, who had in front of them the hills of Samaria, which are not a series 
of piled-up ranges like the Judean hills, but run to a point. The Desert 
Mounted Corps, less the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division, 
was assembled behind the XXI Corps to ride through the gap when made. 
The XX Corps were to advance on the evening of the day on which the 
coastal attack took place, " or later, as circumstances demanded." But 
on the night previous to the attack the 53rd Division were to cross the 
Samieh basin and place themselves in a better position to block the exits 
from the hills into the lower Valley of the Jordan when the general advance 
was ordered. 

Zero day for the big attack was the 19th September. General Mott's 
plan for the preliminary move of the 53rd Division was to attack with the 
i6oth and 159th Brigades. The i6oth was to cross the great basin of the 
Samieh and sweep round the far rim of it, while the 159th, carrying out a 
series of frontal attacks, would meet them on the northern side of the basin. 
As the 1 60th Brigade crossed the basin, their left was to be covered by two 
companies of the 5th/6th Royal Welch. 

The long, peaceful summer was at an end ; the old camps, where 
guard-mounting had become a smart and impressive parade, were to be 
left standing, so that no change could be noted from the air, and battalions 
were to move forward into olive groves, of which there were quite a number. 

The secret regrouping of the Army was a great achievement. The 
moving of guns and the shifting of a mass of cavalry from one flank to the 
other were moves that required the most careful timing and thought, but 



1 84 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

they were done without exciting any suspicion. Liman von Sanders claims 
that he knew the attack would be on the coast, and the Turkish Intelligence 
Service issued a warning that an attack must be expected on the 1 8th, but 
they also issued a map which showed all mounted troops, except the 5th 
Cavalry Division, on the British right. 

At 4.30 p.m. on the i8th the i6oth Brigade, protected in the air by 
two fighting aeroplanes, assembled in rear of a hill between El Munatir 
and Rock Park. The setting of the sun did not bring darkness, but a soft 
light, a dimming of visibility in which troops could still distinguish the 
Mountains of Moab, 40 miles away, and every feature of the opposite side 
of the basin. 

At 7.15 p.m. a slow rate of artillery fire was opened on Keen's Knoll 
to drown the noise the leading battalion might make scrambling down 
the precipitous side of the basin. The 17th Indian Infantry advanced, 
a long column, more or less in fours, showing clearly against the yellow 
escarpment, and reached a wide ledge, three-quarters of the way down, 
before they were observed by enemy posts beyond the wadi. The Turks 
sent up signal lights and started wild rifle shooting. For some time there 
was no artillery response to their signals, and when it came it was scattered 
and did little harm. The 17th quickened their pace and were soon in a 
position to assault the Wye Hill defences. 

A slight pause, waiting for Zero hour, which was in this case a direct 
order from Brigadier-General Pearson. And then with a crash a twenty- 
minute bombardment started. 

The assault followed and was entirely successful, the 1 7th establishing 
themselves on the opposite rim of the basin. 

The attack was of the " leap-frog " kind. The Cape Corps took up 
the running, guided by smoke shells fired at intervals by the artillery. 
They passed behind the Valley View positions, posting pickets overlooking 
the Valley of the Jordan as they went, and finally took up a position near 
Square Hill and Kh. Jibeit. Our 7th Battalion had then to carry on the 
advance. 

As the Cape Corps turned away from the basin at End Hill, the 7th 
Royal Welch passed inside them, but also behind the Valley View position, 
which was attacked by the Punjabis, who had turned left, inside the Royal 
Welch. The bewildered Turks fled before the Indian battalion, but broke 
back only to fall into the hands of our battalion. 

They pushed on. The track they were following, marked on the map 
and seen from the air, was through thick scrub and consequently easy to 
miss ; the battalion had strayed to the north, moving in two columns, when 



1918 



THE WAR WITH TURKEY : PALESTINE 



185 



Lieutenant-Colonel Harker discovered that he was on the slopes of Square 
Hill on the right of his objectives, Boulder's Boil and Hill 2362. However, 
the position was clear, and he ordered the leading company of his left 
column to take Sheikh Azeir and the support company to push straight on 
and take Hill 2362, He directed the companies of his right column on 
El ]\Iugheir and Boulder's Boil. 



i. ht gtmral adi'anrt it d<m'n on the Zoth StpUnbit 
u'af ordered hrw thii lint « «» 




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en KhJibcZt held up thtQintrididvena 
unta 1 p.ay Tue ,/-» ' », Capt Corps 

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TKt Oimieh is a ptrcnnial stream artlu bottom of a wast 
amphitheatre, 4'; by ^yj miles, and J.ooo f«a b«lou' th< 
surroumlmg hills. Thr ria^ c>atK« farsidiart ocwdiJi^ly 
stctp. Thi prtluiiinary Of^'ali^^n had LHc doubU ogfect of tcoirin^ 
thi lini V'jtci View- <1 J.fu^hiir-Kindhcid-N^mRid^CjU'tikh §«\'£ tht 
jDiv'ijion a dear adv'ancc aion^ th« watcrshtd, uKlh no struma topographical oMtAcU btfoft thou, ss^ tK< 
unlunital water 5uf*rUj afordfd btj th£ Samith. Ncjm£h,atthc to^uhfrn cndof th^tA^in, tt*«5hiidbij the l/aPtupaHs. 
Baotlioiu ofthi iooi.^.Bri2adj, 1/171A. Iud2n4,nun'(a I'liiucuiiontoaitimn^ point. X, andcrauad tni dcprtSMDn 
al \ii lUtfOt psinl to auaxk tt'^t HtU . TK* U/l of chi nun'muu «.'i5 oivcrcd by livo amptniii cl tiniilh. R..WF. 

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The Turks were taken by surprise. Each objective was rushed as fast 
as the men could go, and only three shots were fired by the Turks. At 
Boulder's Boil there was a standing bivouac camp ; at El Mugheir a Battalion 
Headquarters, including the commanding officer, was captured. Altogether 
20 officers, 192 other ranks, two 4-2-inch howitzers, and i$ machine guns 
were captured. In the whole advance our battalion had only two men 
wounded. 



1 86 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

At dawn on the 19th September all objectives on the northern side of 
the basin had been taken excepting Malul, on the left. In the centre the 
4th/5th Welch Regiment had advanced rapidly and had captured a key 
position, a hill called Hindhead, and our 5th/6th Battalion was ordered to 
relieve the Welch Regiment before or after dark and continue the advance 
to the line Kulason-Plateau. Two companies had been in the neighbour- 
hood of Keen's Knoll, and the remainder of the battalion attached to the 
1 59th Brigade who had fought their way along the western rim of the basin. 

The 53rd Division stood fast on the 19th and did not expect to resume 
the advance until forty-eight hours after the commencement of the main 
attack by the XXI Corps. That attack was launched early in the morning 
of the 19th and was entirely successful ; by 7.30 a.m. the 5th Cavalry 
Division was riding through the gap followed by the whole of the Desert 
Mounted Corps, and by midday were behind the Turkish Army. 

The success was so rapid that soon after midday General Allenby 
ordered the XX Corps to advance during the night i9th/20th. The trouble 
with the 53rd Division was that they were in the worst bit of country for 
the movement of artillery, the artillery was already firing at the limit of 
range, and Malul had not yet been taken. General Chetwode left General 
Mott to decide whether he would advance that night or the next morning : 
he decided to attack at dawn. 

On the evening of the 19th Malul was captured by the 4th/5th Welch 
Regiment and the 2/1 53rd Indian Infantry. 

Our 5th/6th Battalion had assembled at i a.m. on the 20th and occupied 
a position on the edge of the Plateau. All infantry not employed in the 
line were working on a road along the Wadi Forth, and as soon as that was 
completed the 158th Brigade were to advance on the line Ft. 2006- Kh. 
Bkt. el Kusr, the iS9th Brigade, echeloned on the left, to Ras el Tawil, 
and the i6oth Brigade would picket the right flank until troops in the 
Jordan Valley relieved them of that duty. 

Early in the morning of the 20th, however, the Turks counter-attacked 
the Cape Corps Battalion on the right, and severe fighting continued until 
the early afternoon. While this was going on the advance of the 158th 
Brigade in the centre hung fire. 

The 158th Brigade had been much scattered, units being attached to 
other brigades and working on roads, etc. Our 5th/6th Battalion was in 
position on time, but when Brigadier-General Vernon arrived to take 
command of his brigade, ours was the only battalion present. " My orders," 
he says, " were to attack at dawn, but I was unable to comply as I had no 
troops to do it with." 



1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 187 

The Gurkhas and the 3/1 53rd Indian Regiment arrived at 8.30 a.m., 
and the Gurkhas marched through the Royal Welch as advance guard 
directed on Pt. 2006-Kh. Bkt. el Kusr, a line of hills across the main 
plateau. But the Turkish rearguard was well supplied with machine guns 
and the brigade was held (see map, page 288). No artillery support was 
available, as all guns which might have helped the 158th Brigade had 
been turned on to the i6oth Brigade front, where the Turkish counter- 
attack was in progress. Further advance was, therefore, postponed until 
after dark. 

In the evening General Mott had news that the cavalry had occupied 
Beisan, 25 miles to the north. There was now some danger that a large 
portion of the Turkish Army might escape into the Valley of the 
Jordan. The nearest road they could use ran from Nablus through Mejdel 
Beni Fadl to the Damieh Bridge over the Jordan, and was only 4 miles 
away. Ten miles away were two other roads, one through Beit Furik, 
the other through Beit Dejan, which joined below the desolate Ghor 
country. If the 53rd Division was to carry out its task, the road to the 
Damieh Bridge must be cut. The Corps order was to advance " abso- 
lutely regardless of fatigue of men or animals." 

The 158th Brigade was ordered to be on the Damieh Bridge road at 
Kh. el Nejmeh by dawn on the 21st ; thence their advance would be on 
Akrabeh. The 159th Brigade would be on their left, the i6oth on their 
right watching the Jordan Valley. 

Our 5th/6th Battalion, as advance guard to the brigade, moved forward 
at 1 1 p.m. on the 20th and found that the Turks had retired. The objective 
on the Damieh Bridge road was occupied at 5 a.m., when the whole 
brigade halted for breakfast. 

Visibility was good. Before them was an open country affording 
distant views. Captain John More, of our 6th Battalion, who was then 
Brigade Major to the 158th Brigade, describes this country from the top 
of El Nejmeh hill as a fan-shaped plain with rounded hills on the east 
and west sides, and on the north of it a steep range of hills " at the foot of 
which nestled Akrabeh and Yanun." The country they had passed through 
was singularly bare, but in front of them was a " more fertile and green 
country." 

The Turkish rearguard had been located on a low ridge about 2^ miles 
away"; 9 miles away was the tall hill of El Tuwanik, and on the left of it 
the Damieh Bridge road emerged from a gorge. Suddenly a large body of 
the enemy was seen marching out of the gorge, but instead of following the 
road to the Damieh Bridge, and incidentally to the waiting 158th Brigade, 



-.A 







Sept. 



^ '• BdtDcjan 






^.BdtFurik 



/"* 



y Turks turned off roQd .'■'_.-'Enutt7iintk"\\ 
her? end moilc for the hill '-■'■ 







1918 THE WAR WITH TURKEY: PALESTINE 189 

they turned off, climbed the Tuwanik Ridge and escaped down the pre- 
cipitous and desolate hills into the Jordan Valley. 

The brigade was ordered forward at once, and our 5th/6th Battalion 
advanced over the plain in artillery formation. " It was a fine sight to see 
the orderly little groups of men in single file, moving off in perfect formation 
across the open ground, never deviating to the right or the left as the 
shells began to fall." (More.) 

As our battalion advanced they were ordered to picket the hills on the 
right, and during this operation one Lewis-gun team surprised and captured 
12 officers, 143 other ranks, and 5 machine guns. 

The 3/1 54th Indian Infantry then secured Kh. el Kerum, driving the 
enemy before them, and at 3 p.m. the 3/1 5 3rd Indian Infantry, assuming 
the lead, passed over El Tuwanik to Beit Dejan. The roads were all finally 
blocked. 

That night the 5th/6th Battalion moved to El Tuwanik, arriving about 
10 o'clock, and at 6.30 a.m. on the 22nd the division received the news that 
the Turkish Army west of the Jordan had ceased to exist. 

In the graphic words of Colonel Garcia, G.S.O.i of the Division, " from 
the depths of war we passed in the twinkling of an eye into the depths of 
peace." The exhausting strain of the last few days ceased so completely 
that even the protection of an outpost line was ignored. 

The 1 58th Brigade concentrated at Jurish and moved to Akrabeh during 
the afternoon. 

Our 7th Battalion, with the i6oth Brigade, had remained on the right 
flank watching the Jordan Valley. All brigades were ordered to work on 
the Nablus road, and on the 26th the whole division moved back to the 
Tell Asur area. 

On the 8th October the division moved to the Latron-Ludd area, and 
on the 26th to Sidi Bishr. 

The armistice with Turkey did not come into force until the 3 ist October. 

The 2nd Garrison Battalion, at Jollum, sent A Company to Alexandria 
to relieve the 6th Garrison Battalion, who were sailing for Salonika. On 
the 7th November Lieutenant-Colonel W. Hussey-Walsh was appointed 
Commandant at Beirut, and was succeeded by Major W. R. Howell. 
Gradually the companies were sent to Alexandria : C Company on the loth 
November ; B Company on the 24th ; D Company on the loth December. 

The 6thGarrison Battalion had also been ordered from Cairo to Jollum on 
the 7th May 19 18, but on arrival found a counter-order to return to Alexan- 
dria. Here they remained until October, when they were ordered to Salonika. 



PART II 

THE WAR WITH BULGARIA 



SALONIKA 

To the British people generally Balkan politics seem a tangle of incompre- 
hensible intrigues, but Bulgarian hopes and desires at the beginning of 
the Great War are not difficult to follow. The Bulgars had enforced an old 
claim to Macedonia — based on nationality — by an appeal to arms against 
Turkey, in which they allied themselves with the Serbs and Greeks. They 
defeated Turkey, but over-reached themselves in their demands, fell to 
quarrelling and finally to w^ar with their late allies, and lost the greater 
part of Macedonia. 

Wars with erstwhile allies naturally lead to great bitterness, and the 
outbreak of the Great War, centred on Serbia, opened, to the Bulgarian 
view, possibilities of recovery. The Bulgars had a single aim, but prejudice 
existed, and although a series of victories for the Allied Powers would, 
no doubt, have stayed Bulgarian intervention, their armed support on 
the side of Serbia was improbable. 

On the declaration of war, Austria had launched her armies against 
Serbia and had suffered several severe defeats. But it was obvious from 
the commencement that lack of supplies would more than counterbalance 
the gallantry of Serbian troops : the country was completely cut off from 
communication with the Allied Powers, except through neutral States 
whose intentions were dubious. Also there were no striking victories 
which might have affected this neutrality and relieved the pressure on Serbia. 
Even the decision of Italy, who declared war on Austria on the 23rd May 
191 5, was of no assistance to the Serbs, who by that time were quiescent. 

King Ferdinand and his Bulgar advisers waited, but they were con- 
vinced that the Central Powers had established their supremacy and the 
die was cast. A general mobilisation was ordered on the loth September, 
and Serbia was attacked on the 29th. 

The development of this situation was not sudden, but when it became 
a fait accompli it exposed not only Serbia but our Gallipoli Army to imme- 
diate danger. A fresh invasion of Serbia was imminent, and the supplj-ing 
of Turkey, particularly with heavy artillery, was now simplified — and, as 
we know, our position in Gallipoli was not good ! 

The Allied Powers then made a decision which, if not aggressive, was 

IV — 13 193 



194 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

a ver}' high-handed action and morally indefensible, although justified 
by military and political expediency. M. Venizelos, the President of the 
Government, was in sympathy with the Allied Powers, but the King and 
the majority of the Greek nation were not. The Allies wrung from Athens 
an unwilling consent to a landing, and our presence at Salonika must be 
considered as due to force majeure. 

With this decision came another which determined the evacuation of 
Gallipoli, and one might look upon the landing at Salonika as an attempt 
to close up the Allied forces in face of a fresh development. The two forces, 
one in Gallipoli, one in Serbia, had been separated by neutral States, one 
of which had now declared against us : our command of the sea made that 
element as much a defended line as any on land ; so the withdrawal of a 
force at Gallipoli and the introduction of one at Salonika to gain touch with 
the Serbs made the operation a rectification of the battle-line. 

The loth Division left Gallipoli and, with the French 156th Division, 
commenced to land at Salonika. Naturally enough, great excitement 
prevailed in Greece. 

The iith Battalion. 

Our iith Battalion had done little more than pass through France. 
They had joined the 22nd Division in the autumn of 1 914 when it was formed 
under Major-General R. B. Montgomer}^ at Seaford, and the whole division 
had moved to the Wellington and Stanhope lines and Rushmore and 
Tweseldown Camps at the beginning of June 191 5. Within a few days of 
its arrival at Aldershot, Major-General the Hon. F. Gordon, C.B., D.S.O. 
(from the 19th Infantry Brigade), assumed command. 

The division commenced to leave Aldershot on the 3rd September, and 
by the 6th the crossing to France, via Folkestone and Boulogne, was com- 
pleted. They were posted to the XII Corps, then forming, with Headquarters 
at Doullens, but were attached to the X Corps for training. They detrained 
at Amiens and Longueau. Our battalion went to Vignacourt, and on the 
9th to Rainneville. 

" At present it is understood that we shall take our place in the line 
on the left of the X Corps." On the i ith our battalion moved to the Bois 
des Tailles, where they came under the 14th Brigade, 5th Division, for 
instruction. The next move was to be south of the Somme, where British 
troops were taking over from the French. 

In due course the 22nd Division took over the southern sector, and the 
27th Division the northern sector of the French 154th Division front. Our 



1915 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 195 

battalion was at Fontaine les Gappy on the 19th and at Proquart on the 
20th. On the 25th they reUeved the 9th Border Regiment at Framerville. 

On the 20th October news came of a move to an unknown destination, 
and the next day our battahon went to Domart. By the 23rd the whole 
division had been reheved by the 6th French Division and were at Villers 
Bretonneux. 

They entrained on the 25th for Marseilles, and on the 30th embarked 
on the good ship Huntsend, with the Major-General and his Staff, the 8th 
South Wales Borderers, and a portion of the Shropshire Light Infantry, 
and sailed at 4.30 p.m. 

The ship made a good passage with no submarine scares, and anchored 
in Salonika harbour about noon on the 5th November. The division was 
ordered to concentrate in a camp on the right bank of the Galiko River, 
north of the Salonika-Uskub Railway. 

The situation was not good. The French had wandered out into a 
corner of Serbia, just over the Greek frontier about Lake Doiran, and were 
extended on a line to Krivolak. We had one brigade on their right, other- 
wise the British Force was round Salonika. The Serbs were being hard- 
pressed by a horde of Germans and Austrians descending from the north, 
and from the east by Bulgaria. Their Army Headquarters were at Kruse- 
vatz, and their Government was established at Kralyevo, in the northern 
half of the kingdom. South of these places the Bulgars had driven in as 
far as Uskub. South-east of Uskub there was a small force of Serbs near 
Veles, but retiring to the south on Prilep. The left of the French was some 
twenty miles south-east of Veles, and they were not in practical touch with 
the Serbs. 

On the 2nd November a report of a heavy attack on the Serbian Army 
on the right bank of the Morava came through Montenegro to Scutari, by 
wireless to Rome, and so back to Salonika : such indirect communication, 
either through Rome or Brindisi, was the only possible one with the main 
Serbian Army. Later news stated that the Serbs had been driven from 
Kraguyevatz, but had blown up the arsenal there. By the 30th November 
Serbian Headquarters were at Scutari, and their Army, reduced from 
400,000 to a half-starved i 50,000 men, was retiring on the Albanian coast, 
for the time being out of the War. 

All through this tragic period the unfortunate Serbs made continual 
appeals for help, but owing to our lack of transport we could do nothing 
from Salonika — just as well, perhaps, for we, too, might have ended in 
Albania. The Allies simply held the small semicircle of Serbia from 
Lake Doiran to Prilep. 



196 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

When our battalion arrived at Salonika, the French Army, under 
General Sarrail, consisted of the 156th, 5 7th, and 122nd Divisions. The 
156th Division was advancing slowly against the Bulgars north of Lake 
Doiran, on a line that ran Calkali-Kajali-Hill 350, thence along the left 
bank of the River Vardar to about Vojsan. The 57th Division carried on 
along the left bank of the Vardar to Krivolak and Gradsko, where the line 
turned west towards the Baborna Pass, which was then still held by two 
Serbian Regiments. 

Galiko Camp, where the 22nd Division was concentrating, was 
8 miles from the quay at Salonika. The road was congested, being used by 
all the transport of the French and also the Greeks, who were concentrating 
their III, IV, and V Corps round Salonika. There were no traffic regulations 
or attempts at control. 

General Sarrail, with his troops beyond the Greek frontier, was feeling 
uncomfortable and asked that our loth Division might be sent up on his 
right. Doiran village at that time was still inhabited, and a certain amount 
of food could be bought there. The road from Doiran to Radrovo ran in a 
long valley with steep hills on the north side of it and was cut by the river 
Bojomia, which could not be crossed by lorries. From Radrovo to Strumitza 
the road ran under very rocky and mountainous country ; the width of the 
valley, from 2 to 4 miles, lay to the south of it, and then another great 
mass of mountains. In this country limbered wagons could move in the 
vallej'S, but for an advance into the hills pack transport was absolutely 
essential. 

Generall}'- speaking, the country was deserted and supplies non-existent. 
There was little cultivation beyond mulberry trees, but water was plentiful 
and good. 

General Monro's^ despatch states that "the task of moving troops 
into Serbia and maintaining them there presented many difficulties. No 
road exists from vSalonika to Doiran, a few miles of road then obtains, which 
is followed within a few miles by a track only suitable for pack transport. 
Sir B, Mahon had therefore to readjust his transport to pack scale, and was 
dependent on a railway of uncertain carrying power to convey back his 
guns and all wheeled transport in case of a withdrawal, and to supply his 
troops while in Serbia." 

On the 20th November the loth Division took over the Kosturino- 
Ormanli-Prstan position from the French. On the same day our nth 
Battalion moved with the 22nd Division to a new camping ground on the 
Salonika-Monastir road, about 6 miles from Salonika. The political 

^ In command of the Mediterranean Force, with Headquarters in Cairo. 



1915 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 197 

situation with Greece was then so acute that troops were practically confined 
to camp ; but they carried out brigade exercises and general training until 
the next move, which commenced on the 12th December. 

The Serbs were now out of the fight, and it became obvious that the 
Allies were in a precarious position. There was a big German-Bulgar 
concentration in the Strumitza Valley, and General Sarrail decided to with- 
draw from Serbia, pivoting on the British loth Division. 

Before the withdrawal was completed, the loth Division was heavily 
attacked on the 6th, 7th, and 8th December. The men were suffering 
terribly from the cold. They had been through a blizzard and were only 
clad in khaki drill. But they " extricated themselves from a difficult 
position with no great loss." 

The weather was very trying. Lieutenant-Colonel Lloyd, commanding 
our battalion, was ill and went to hospital, and the battalion marched north 
on the 1 2th under the orders of Major Yatman. 

The whole of the 67th Brigade, in a thick fog, struck across country for 
the Seres road ; but what with the fog and the heavy state of the ground, 
progress was exceedingly slow : at 5 p.m. the brigade halted for the night 
at Ayvatli. Be3^ond Ayvatli motor transport was impossible, the track 
was in such a condition that double teams would be required for the limbered 
wagons ; vehicles sank up to the axles in the mud and the track was 
frequently intersected by deep nullahs. It was decided that only two 
battalions, the nth Royal Welch and the 7th South Wales Borderers, 
should go forward. 

The start the next morning was much delayed by the Greek Army, 
which had commenced to move south along the Seres road ; but when our 
battalion left the road conditions were worse than ever : the transport was 
divided into four sections, and each section was escorted by a company to 
pull it through difficult places. Only 4 miles were covered on the 1 3th before 
the men and animals became exhausted. The battalions halted at Baldza. 

The next day (14th) they marched through the Baldza Ravine and 
heavy clay, over the hills above, and so to the banks of the Pirnak, south 
of Daudli, which they reached at 2.30 p.m. in heavy rain. From this spot 
they commenced to construct a great system of defences protecting Salonika. 
They worked north of a hill called Matterhorn, making use, when suitably 
sited, of old Greek trenches. Occasionally parties were sent road making, 
but the main work was trenches, and during the remaining weeks of Decem- 
ber _^the assembled 67th Brigade completed 4,000 yards of trench, which, in 
view of the fact that parts of the line had to be hewn out of the solid rock, 
was good work. 



198 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

They worked on trenches and what were called " devilish devices " 
all through the winter and into the spring. Brook Camp was their home 
until the 17th April, when the brigade moved to the Plough Sector, and 
continued digging. The weather, on the whole, was good, with occasional 
falls of snow and one blizzard in January. Our men, not having been in 
Gallipoli, did not arrive in khaki drill. 

Training, with a few field days, broke the monotony of digging, and 
retained the smartness of the battalion. As an exercise the brigade 
sometimes attacked the trenches they had been digging. An amusing test 
was made one evening in February, when twenty-five of our men, in skeleton 
marching order and with fixed bayonets, were pursued from the front line 
to the support line by other twenty-five of our men in greatcoats : the 
object of this strange competition was to test the efficacy of searchlights ! 
That same day, the 8th February, is also noted as the commencement of 
the regular occupation of the front line they had been constructing by three 
platoons, acting as an inlying picket. 

All this work, carried on through the winter, was consequent to an order 
to transform Salonika into an entrenched camp. The line Topshin- 
Dogandzi-Daudli was entrusted to the French ; Daudli-Lakes of Langaza 
and Bezik-Rendina Gorge to the sea was given to the British. All the 
advanced positions held by British and French troops were now in Greek 
territor}^, as the whole of Serbia, including Monastir, was in the hands of 
the enemy. 

The general situation was fantastic. Lord Kitchener visited this front 
in December 1915, and wished to evacuate the whole place, where so many 
troops were being held to no purpose. Salonika itself was a hot-bed of 
intrigue and espionage, with enemy consuls, very properly, working for 
their own countries, and being helped in every way by the Greeks. The 
consuls were all arrested and the Salonika area was declared a war-zone. 
Diplomacy, in which General Sarrail \vas necessarily involved, became very 
active ; the General was nominally in supreme command of the Allied Force. 
The Greek Army, mobilised ostensibly'- to guard the frontier against German 
and Bulgarian aggression, was looked upon with mistrust and suspicion 
by the Allies, who sought to persuade the Greek Government to disband 
it. The suspicion was well founded, for when the Bulgars advanced into 
Greek territory during May 1916, the IV Greek Army Corps surrendered 
without a blow (with the exception of 2,000 men) and were marched off in 
friendly captivity. 

About this time, the 9th May, Lieutenant-General G. H. Milne took 
over command of the British Salonika Army. 



1916 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 199 

Our battalion moved from the Plough Sector on the 22nd May, halted 
for the night at Ambarkoj, just south of Kukus, on the 23rd, and so to Janes, 
where they commenced to work on the roads. 

They moved again on the 8th June to Vaisili, sending three platoons 
of C Company and two of D Company- to take over from the 260th French 
Regiment on some heights east of Deresfelo. They were off again on the 
20th to Seremento, thence to Galiko Rest Camp, to Salamili Rest Camp, to 
a camp west of Akbunas on the 23rd. 

From the loth to the 27th July they took over the duties of the 
battalion at Army Headquarters (Kalamaria). It was now the full heat 
of summer, and all duties mounted without jackets or puttees, while packs 
were taken in limbers to the various guards. And then, having handed 
over to the 2nd Royal Irish Fusiliers, our battalion, in shorts and slouch 
hats, commenced to trek again — 30th July, north of Table Hill; 31st, 
Galiko River (return of strength shows 29 officers, 754 other ranks) ; 
ist August, two miles north of Sarigol ; 3rd, to Jenikoj (joined rest of 
brigade). Steel helmets were issued on the 7th, and on the loth the battalion 
w^orked on trenches at Pivoines ; they rejoined the brigade on the 27th 
and marched to Oreo Vica. 

On the 7th September they relieved the 7th South Wales Borderers in 
the line in Sector 4. 

DoiRAN Operations, 1916. 

The supreme command wielded by General Sarrail was not of a united 
force : we are told that he never exercised that absolute authority which 
is an indispensable condition of success ; he was said to have a taste for 
petty political intrigue. In August 191 6 he commanded, besides the French 
and British contingents, a resurrected Serbian Army of 120,000 ; some 
10,000 Russians, who had arrived in July ; and an Italian division w^hich had 
just landed (30,000). It was a considerable force, and as Rumania had now 
decided to throw in her lot with the Allies, an offensive was in preparation. 

The movements of the British Army from the time of his assumption 
of command are detailed in General jNIilne's despatch : "... I entered into 
an agreement with General Sarrail by which the British Force should become 
responsible for that portion of the Allied Front which covered Salonika 
from the east and north-east. ... On the 8th June troops commenced 
to occupy advanced positions along the right bank of the River Struma and 
its tributary the River Butkova, from Lake Tahinos to Lozista village. 
By the end of July, on the demobilisation of the Greek Army, this occupation 
had extended to the sea at Cajagzi. ... On the 20th July I began to take 



200 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

over the line south and west of Lake Doiran and commenced preparations 
for a joint offensive on this front. . . . On the loth of that month [August] 
an offensive was commenced against the Bulgarian defences south of the line 
Doiran-Hill 535. The French captured Hills 227 and La Tortue, while the 
British occupied in succession those features of the main 535 Ridge now known 
as Kidney Hill and Horseshoe Hill and, pushing forward, established a 
series of advanced posts in the line Doldzeli-Reselli. . . / 

" As a result of these operations it became possible to shorten consider- 
ably the Allied line between Doiran Lake and the River Vardar, and on 
the 29th August ... I extended my front as far as the left bank of the 
river, . . . the position then held extending from Hill 420 to the Vardar 
River just north of Smol. . . . 

" On the 17th August the Bulgarians, who at the end of May had 
entered Greek territory by the Struma Valley and moved down as far as 
Demirhisar, continued their advance into Greek Macedonia, . . . unop- 
posed by the Greek garrison, and it was estimated by the end of August 
the enemy's forces, extending from Demirhisar southwards in the Seres 
sector of the Struma front, comprised the complete 7th Bulgarian Division 
with two or three regiments of the nth Macedonian Division. . . . 
Opposite the Lower Struma was a brigade of the 2nd Division, with a brigade 
of the loth Division in occupation of the coast and the zone of country 
between Orfano and the Drama-Kavala road. ... As a result of this 
advance and of a similar move in the west. General Sarrail decided to entrust 
to the British Army the task of maintaining the greater portion of the right 
and centre of the Allied line. 

" On the loth September detachments crossed the river above Lake 
Tahinos at five places between Bajraktar Mah and Drajos, while a sixth 
detachment crossed lower down at Neohori. The villages of Oraoman and 
Kato Gudeli were occupied, and the Northumberland Fusiliers captured 
Nevoljan. . . . 

" On the 15th similar operations were undertaken, six small columns 
crossing the river between Lake Tahinos and Orljak Bridge . . . villages 
. . . were burned. On the 23rd a similar scheme was put into action." 

Our battalion went into the front line just before these raids on the 

1 On the 31st July the dispositions of the British Army were as follows : Soth Brigade, mouth 
of the Struma and Neohori ; 27th Divisional Cavalry, Krusoves ; 7th Mounted Brigade, from the 
sea to the area of Orljak ; 28th Division, Orljak to Lozista ; one battalion of 85th Brigade, Petkovo ; 
28th Division Cavalry, guarding Lozista Radile, point of junction with the French 57th Division ; 
22nd Division, Hirsova area ; 26th Division, Vergetor area ; 27th Division, less one brigade, 
Hortiach ; loth Division, less one brigade, Dremiglava ; one brigade loth Division, on the Salonika- 
Seres road (kilos 22-36) ; Headquarters, XII Corps, Kircc, 



1916 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 201 

Struma front started — on the 7th. They were on the Doiran-River Vardar 
front. Here " there remained, as before, the whole of the Bulgarian 9th 
Division, less one regiment, a brigade of the 2nd Division, and at least 
two-thirds of the German loist Division, which had entrenched the salient 
north of Macukovo on the usual German system. ... I ordered the salient 
to be attacked at the same time as the Allied operations in the Forina area 
commenced." (General Milne.) 

ACTION OF MACUKOVO, 13TH-14TH September. 
Area : Between the Selimli Dere and River Vardar. 

Macukovo was opposite our battalion ; "No Man's Land " was an 
extensive tract ; the salient, entrenched in the German fashion, lay some 
way be\'ond Macukovo ; knowledge of the ground was essential. Imme- 
diately on taking over, a patrol from our battalion was sent out, but returned 
without meeting any of the enemy. 

In the morning it was seen that the enemy's position gave them 
observation over all our advanced works, but good scouts, working in pairs, 
could pass to the north of our line by day. The enemy works to be attacked 
were on a narrow, steep-sided spur, the southern slopes being intersected 
by ravines running into Macukovo village — the Y Ravine and JMacukovo 
Ravine were found to be choked with brambles. The point of the enemy 
salient, Piton des Mitrailleuses, was on an outcrop of rock separated from 
the Dorsal by a slight dip ; the whole work, in which there were many 
dugouts cut into the solid rock, was protected by two belts of wire from 10 
to 20 feet in width. In itself it was a strong position, and, as was afterwards 
made clear to everybody, was supported by the works called the Dome, 
Petit Clou, and Jumeau, from which enfilade fire could be brought to bear. 

On the 9th, Lieutenant W. S. B. Walker and 2nd Lieutenant Lewis of 
the South Wales Borderers, with 1 2 of our men, went out at night to the west 
of ^Macukovo, but could not get to the village owing to the presence of enemy 
patrols. They managed, however, to reconnoitre the Piton de I'Eglise 
thoroughly. East of the village Lieutenant John penetrated into Y Ravine. 

The next night Captain Spooner, Lieutenant Farrant, and 25 men again 
went to the outskirts of the village without seeing any sign of the enemy. 
On the 1 2th Major Bruce took a patrol right through the village. 

These patrols gained some knowledge of the ground at least half-way 
to the point of attack. The orders were to attack the Dorsal from the 
south-east and, if the wire was cut, to advance on the Piton des Mitrailleuses 
from the south ; but if the wire was not cut, only the Dorsal was to be 



202 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

assaulted and bombers would work down into the Mitrailleuses. The 
intention was to hold the position and link it up with our main line of 
defence. 

Two Groups, A, consisting of the 14th King's Liverpool Regiment, 
half-section of the 65th Machine-gun Company, and i section of the 99th 
Field Company, and B, consisting of the 12th Lancashire Fusiliers and 
similar attachments, were to carry out the assault. Two flank guards were 
detailed, on the right the 9th East Lancashire Regiment, on the left the 
Royal Welch, each with a half-section of machine guns and a section of the 
127th Field Company. 

On the night of the 12th/ 13th our battalion moved into what was 
known as the Ravin des Cuisiniers. 

There was no surprise about this operation. The wire-cutting batteries 
commenced to fire at 7 a.m. and continued until 5 p.m. It w^as then seen 
that the steep slope of the Mitrailleuses had had some effect on the fire and 
the wire was not cut, but that a good wide gap had been cut on the south- 
east face of the Dorsal. 

Our battalion had now taken over the works A 11 to A 14, and the 
two assaulting groups had gone into the Ravin des Cuisiniers. 

It was a notable occasion : the first attack in which our battalion took 
part — the first attack of the 22nd Division ! Major-General Gordon spoke 
to the assaulting groups, and addressed to the Royal Welch the following 
letter : 

" Royal Welch Fusiliers 1 

" You will be called upon to perform a most important operation 
to-morrow evening. You will be sure to meet the enemy (there are 
Germans opposed to us). I trust that you will show that you can deal with 
Germans in the same effective manner as Welshmen have been doing in 
France ever since August 19 14. 

" You must keep your presence of mind when the fight is warm. Do 
not fire wildly — aim low and fire slow. 

It rejoices the enemy to hear rifle ammunition being blazed off into 
the darkness high above his head. Look out for the enemy's counter- 
attacks — they will certainly be delivered against your battalion. You are 
properly placed to repel them. Watch your flanks — keep constant touch. 
If rifle fire and bombing do not stop the enemy, a bayonet charge will 
certainly do so. Our enemy has courage of a brutal sort, but experience 
proves that they shrink from facing a British soldier who is prepared to 
use his bayonet with effect. From my heart I wish the Royal Welch 



1916 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 203 

Fusiliers Godspeed in their important work, upon the success of which 
much depends. 

" Finally, as a commander and a friend of all ranks, I urge upon each 
and all the pressing necessity to bear in mind the stern nature of the duty 
you are about to undertake. 

" I am well aware that among my battalions there are men of various 
Churches and forms of religious beliefs, but two years of unceasing war have 
to a great extent blotted out points where men differ as to religion, and the 
vital points common to all religions stand out as alone of eternal importance : 
the existence of God who loves all men ; His Son and Saviour who died 
for us. 

" Let us all pray that our sins may be forgiven and commit our cause 
into God's hands. Then we may safely go to battle hopeful of victory. 

" God bless you all. 

" From your General and comrade, 
" Frederick Gordon," 

At 7.30 p.m. on the 13th Brigadier-General Herbert, who was in 
command of the operation, gave the order to advance, and the assaulting 
groups began to move forward through gaps in our wire which had been 
opened after dark. On the left flank Captain Spooner led our scouts 
forward, and behind them came a screen of infantry. All men were in 
" skeleton " marching order, with rolled capes ; excepting the scouts, they 
each carried two extra bandoliers, two bombs, six sandbags, and either 
pick, shovel, or wire. 

The scouts reported Macukovo and Piton des 4 Arbres clear of the 
enemy. B Company took up a position in Bangor Ravine and Macukovo 
Ravine ; D Company in the north-west of the village about Piton de 
I'Eglise ; A Company continued the flank-line to the River Vardar ; C 
Company and Battalion Headquarters were in a ravine some 400 yards 
south-west of Piton de I'Eglise. All companies were in position by 9.30 
p.m., and D and A commenced to entrench and wire while C carried up 
material for them. 

The assaulting groups reached the position of assembly to the east of 
the village at 10 p.m., and sent patrols to examine the enemy's wire. On 
the right the 9th East Lancashire came in contact with a strong enemy 
patrol, which they dispersed by fire. 

Everyone then waited in the darkness, which was suddenly cut by a 
searchlight in the German lines sending its beam across 4 Arbres to the 
river. 



204 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

When the patrols returned, they reported gaps to a satisfactory- 
extent except on the south face of the IMitrailleuses, where the wire was 
not sufficiently cut to warrant an attack at that point. But they also 
reported that the enemy appeared to have manned his trenches in some 
strength. 

All information was passed back to Divisional Headquarters, and 
General Gordon approved the order to attack. The assaulting groups 
then moved forward to positions of deployment, and at 1.55 a.m. were a 
hundred j^ards from the German wire. 

The artillery (two i8-pdr. batteries) were still firing on the enemy 
trenches, and the arrangement was that they should lift clear of the Dorsal 
and Mitrailleuses on the word either by telephone and at the same time a 
series of dashes from several signal lamps, or as an alternative, the firing of 
red Verey lights. The first signal was only received by one battery, and 
there was an unpleasant delay until Verey lights were fired : all fire then 
ceased. 

The assault was delivered at 2.10 a.m. and the Dorsal was taken by 
the 14th King's Liverpool Regiment with little opposition. The Mitrail- 
leuses gave more trouble to the 12th Lancashire Fusiliers, but Brigadier- 
General Herbert was able to report the whole of the position captured at 
2.40 a.m. 

As the assault was delivered the whole of B Company of our battalion 
moved into Cardiff Ravine. 

Everything, so far, was quite successful. Most of the German troops 
holding the work retired into the deep dugouts on the northern slopes of 
the spur and were either captured or bombed ; a few escaped over 
the hill. 

The consolidation of the captured position then proceeded without 
interruption from the enemy, whose protecting barrage fell across the 
north-east of Macukovo, through I'Eglise to the river, and our troops were 
able to walk freely across the crest of the spur. 

About 8 a.m., however, the enemy turned his artillery on the whole 
of the Dorsal-Mitrailleuses system. The shelling continued all day. 
Our B Company remained in Cardiff Ravine, but A and D Companies, 
leaving a few posts in the trenches they had dug, withdrew behind I'Eglise 
and into the Headquarters Ravine. 

The situation commenced to alter. The enemy's batteries raked the 
Dorsal position and increasing casualties caused the Right Group to dribble 
back over the crest of the spur. Seeing this, the German bombers advanced 
from the Dome and the Ravin des Muriers, and a bombing fight continued 



1916 



THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 



205 



for some hours. Communication by telephone was continually cut, and 
the enemy infantn^ pressed with increasing persistence. 

At 2 p.m. a counter-attack in strength launched from the Dome and 
Petit Clou drove the King's Liverpool down the southern slopes of the spur. 

This enemy success on the right opened the way to an attack on the 
Lancashire Fusiliers, and at 3 p.m. our B Company reported that the enemy 
had gained a footing in the Mitrailleuses. 

Major Dumbell had promptly ordered Lieutenant John with a platoon 




S Jfan 



and the company bombers to support the Lancashire Fusiliers, and under 
the impetus given by this party the enemy was driven out of the Mitrailleuses ; 
but it was only a temporary success. 

Bulgarian infantry was now reinforcing the Germans ; the enemy 
were making a desperate effort to regain the lost salient, and fresh troops 
were seen advancing towards Mulberry Hill. A lot of confused fighting 
followed, during which one of our men with a broken leg was cut off b}^ a 
party of German bombers, but was rescued by Private Roberts, who had 



206 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Dec. 

to carr}' him over a rocky spur under the excited fire of the enemy : it was 
a miraculous rescue. 

The end was, however, approaching. At 4.30 p.m. Brigadier-General 
Herbert informed General Gordon that the whole spur was enfiladed from 
the Dome and Petit Clou, and " was the target for the concentrated fire 
of the enemy's artillery," and that " the British and French counter- 
batteries had been unable to cause an}^ appreciable diminution in its 
volume." He said that his two battalions holding the south side of the 
crest were in a precarious position, had suffered many casualties, and were 
worn out with continuous close fighting. He proposed to withdraw at 
dusk, and General Gordon agreed. 

All the wounded, together with the German prisoners, were sent back. 
At 6 p.m. Lieutenant John returned to B Compan}^ and reported that the 
Lancashire Fusiliers had withdrawn. Our Battalion (B, D, C, and A 
Companies) followed, and by 10 o'clock all were behind our own wire. 

In view of the intention to hold the captured line and include it in our 
own s^'Stem, the operation was not a success. Like so many of these minor 
operations, it showed that we could capture a position, but that the attacking 
troops would be blown out of it by concentrated artillery fire. 

The captured Germans, 71 in number, were of the 59th Regiment, and 
a few of the machine gunners were of the 230th Regiment. 

Our battalion casualties were : i other rank killed ; Captain Spooner 
and 3 other ranks died of wounds ; Lieutenant W. S. B. Walker and 20 
other ranks wounded. 

In the intervals of holding the line our battalion worked on improving 
and erecting wire entanglements, and on preparing winter quarters at Glen 
Smol Camp. While in the line, patrolling was carried out regularly with 
few incidents. One fighting patrol of 6 officers and 120 men, under Captain 
H. R. Curtis, was sent on the 4th November with the deliberate purpose of 
attacking advanced enemy posts in the Cardiff Ravine and Piton des 4 
Arbres, and " inflicting loss." No surprise was effected, and they found 
the enem}^ waiting for them behind a bank. Captain Curtis extricated 
his command from the nasty position with the loss of only 6 men. 

Winter was approaching. 

Situation, Autumn 1916. 

The fighting during the autumn fell mostly on the Serbs. The First 
Serbian Army was holding the line between Majadag and Kupa with the 
Moravian Division and with the Vardar Division in reserve at Topshin • 



1916 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 207 

the Second Army was holding from the river side Dere-Kovil-Pozar- 
Rodivo with the Shumadiya Division, and the Timok Division was in the 
Sendil-Necekli area ; the Third Army had the Danube Division in the hne 
from Gornicevo-Banica-Leskovec with detached elements westwards, 
one battalion at Fiorina, two battalions operating in the area between 
north-west of Fiorina and Prespa Lake, and volunteer battalions were still 
farther westwards near Goritza, and two brigades at Vlodova ; the Cavalry 
Division, about 3,000 strong, was being converted into infantry and was in 
the Seres area, east of Salonika. 

On the 1 8th August the Bulgars attacked the left flank of the Allies 
in considerable force. The Serbs met the attack and were driven back, 
the Bulgars occup34ng Fiorina, and the Serbs retiring to a line between 
Petersko and Ostrovo Lakes. 

On the 2ist the Serbian left flank was seriously threatened and they 
shortened their line, with their left flank resting on the west edge of Ostrovo 
Lake. After that the Serbs held. 

On the 29th August Rumania declared war on Austria. On the 30th 
some of the Greek Army and Gendarmerie joined the Allies. 

Rumania was ver}" soon in trouble, and an Allied offensive w^as com- 
menced on the 1 2th September along the whole front covered by the First 
and Third Serb Armies, French and Russian troops taking part in it. Progress 
was made, but the fighting was heavy. 

On the 9th October Turkish troops were reported opposite the mouth 
of the Struma. 

The 1 2th, 13th, and 14th November were da3^s of severe fighting for 
the Serbs. Alonastir was recaptured on the 19th. 

On the 29th November the 35th Italian Division was relieved by the 
83rd Brigade (28th Division) and the 68th Brigade (22nd Division). The 
British then held a continuous line from the River Vardar to the sea. 

Still, the fighting on the Serbian Army front continued well into 
December, but with little more result. Incidentally there was a good deal 
of inter-Allied squabbling during, and as a result of, this offensive. 

About the middle of December the British 60th Division arrived at 
Salonika. 



The winter passed. There was a good deal of snow, occasionally 
blizzards. Our battalion remained in the line with periodic rests at Glen 
Smol. In January the strength of the battalion was 35 officers and 974 
other ranks. 



2o8 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Feb. 

Raid on the Mitrailleuses. 

Towards the end of January it was suspected that the German 59th 
Regiment had been reheved by Bulgars, and the Commander-in-Chief 
ordered the 67th Brigade to secure prisoners and confirm the report. 

The task was given to our battahon. 

Patrolhng by the enemy had always been active, although he afforded 
no opportunities for the taking of prisoners, and the order to our patrols 
to close with the enemy whenever met gave no result, A sharp inter- 
change of rifle fire occurred on the night 2nd/3rd February, but our patrol 
was too weak and was compelled to retire. Subsequently patrols were 
strengthened, but the enemy was aware of his peril and twice drew our 
pursuing troops into a barrage which inflicted loss and enabled him to 
escape. 

It was decided to raid. A scheme for a surprise raid, without artillery 
support, was discussed, but an examination of the enemy's wire showed 
that it was not possible. The decision was therefore made to bombard 
the Mitrailleuses, Dorsal, and the Nose for three days, to cut the wire on the 
third day in front of all three places, and after feint attacks on the Dorsal 
and the Nose to enter the Mitrailleuses. 

The heavy rain and severe frosts had cut up the roads, and large 
fatigue parties were required to repair them for the regrouping of artillery. 
All guns were in the required positions by the 17th February, when the 
bombardment opened. 

The i8-pdr. wire-cutting batteries commenced their task on the 19th. 
The light was poor, and, in spite of good shooting and the expenditure of 
much ammunition, the wire proved obstinate. At 3 p.m. there was no 
gap at any point, and the Brigadier asked for the raid to be postponed. 
But that night a further bombardment — during which patrols went up to 
the wire and fired Verey lights and the artillery " lifted " — drew heavy 
artillery barrage fire from the enemy. 

On the 20th the wire cutting by i8-pdrs. and 4*5 howitzers continued. 
The belt was smashed and rolled into heaps so successfully that at 3 p.m. 
the gaps were found to be sufficient for the raid. 

At 7.45 p.m. the feint raids, with bombardment and " lift " signals, 
were repeated, but drew nothing from the enemy beyond beams from his 
searchlights. Our artillery, however, continued to fire short bursts on the 
three gaps until 10 p.m. 

Some 200 men took part in the raid, which was under the command 
of Captain J. W. McKill. These were divided into two search parties, under 



1917 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 209 

Captain D. S. Gibbon and Lieutenant J. L. W. Craig, four " blocking " 
parties, and a left flank guard. The 8th South Wales Borderers provided 
a right flank guard and a demonstration party. 

Our left flank guard of 75 men, under Lieutenant T. E. Evans, started 
from our lines at 8.30 p.m. and were in position by 10 o'clock. The raiding 
party started at 9 p.m. The enemy were apparently nervous — they sent 
up Verey lights and their searchlights played over " No Man's Land." 
The part}'- reached Bangor Ravine. 

Captain McKill says: " The searchlights and Verey lights were very 
troublesome. Having reached the point where Bangor Ravine bends 
round to the east, we crossed over the open to the eastern branch of Cardiff 
Ravine. There were people talking in a listening-post outside the wire. 
We endeavoured to get the people in the listening-post, but failed to do so. 
I have no doubt about this post being occupied, as I heard them talking ; 
presumably they went back to their own trenches when they heard us. 
We again advanced until we got out of the ravine, and then halted. 

" I sent up one man to find the wire, and on his return sent up four to 
examine it. We found that we were about 100 yards south of the wire. 
This would be about 0030 or 0040 hrs. I at once began to get the lamp 
signal going. One lamp threw a very faint light, the other was all right, 
but to get the bearing of M 4 was very difficult ; both Lieutenant Goulder, 
R.F.A., and myself w^orked at it. After trying the lamp for ten or fifteen 
minutes I got a green Verey light from Lieutenant Goulder, and we fired off 
the arranged signal together. [This was the emergency signal.'] 

" The artillery reply to our signal was very smart, the first shells 
being over before the Verey light went out. Under the artillery fire we 
crawled up to the wire and got through the opening of both belts of 
wire ; the gap appeared to be about 10 or 12 yards wide. On our right 
was a huge mass of tangled wire 10 to 12 feet high. We lay down in 
this opening until our guns lifted off the front-line trench, when we im- 
mediately rushed into the trench ; it was at once seen to be well filled with 
men, in fact to contain a strong garrison. Our men were at hand-grips with 
them at once ; some, refusing to surrender, were bayoneted, others were 
seized and hauled out by the raiding parties. As soon as the prisoners were 
well clear of the wire I blew the signal to retire. The prisoners were secured 
under five minutes. 

" The ground we were on was like a ploughed field ; I cannot speak as 
to the state of the trench. There was no firing on our part and no bombs 
were thrown, as far as I could observe from my position. 

" The ' retire ' being repeated, all the raiding and blocking parties 

IV — 14 



2IO RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS March 

rushed out of the trench, making for the eastern branch of Cardiff Ravine, 
except Sergeant Hedley, who was in charge of our right local protection. 
When he had been recalled, we all rushed for Bangor Ravine, which we 
struck about 150 yards up from the road. 

" When we were north of Macukovo, near the two cottages behind the 
yellow house. Lieutenant Goulder and myself put up two white Verey lights 
towards the enemy lines as the signal for the flankers to withdraw. All the 
way through Alacukovo we had a lot of rifle fire on us and could see shells 
falling to the Y Ravine end of the village. Shells fell about the yellow house 
and to the west after we had passed. We were all right from the white house. 

" From my observation of the party with me I remarked specially 
Captain D. S. Gibbon, Lieutenant Farrant, and also Lieutenant Goulder, 
R.F.A. 

" The last I saw of Lieutenant Craig was when I was getting Sergeant 
Hedley recalled. He was bounding down towards Cardiff Ravine and did 
not appear to be wounded. He called out to me as he was passing, ' Hello, 
Mac ! ' — he had passed m.e before I retired." 

When the party returned, it was found that two officers — Lieutenants 
Chassereau and Craig — were missing. Lieutenant Chassereau was a Sapper 
who had done excellent work widening the gap in the wire by means of 
Bangalore torpedoes. 2nd Lieutenant S. L. L. Brunicardi and 32 other ranks 
went out to find them. They discovered Lieutenant Chassereau wounded 
in Macukovo, but they could not find Lieutenant Craig, who was afterwards 
reported wounded and a prisoner. 

Our total casualties were 3 officers and 16 other ranks wounded. 

Other officers who took part in this raid and did well, where all did well, 
were Lieutenants G. Y. S. Farrant, 2nd Lieutenants D. J. Meecham, J. H. 
Gannon, W. A. Pickard, E. S. Brown. 

The prisoners were all of the 59th German Regiment. 

The weather began to improve and the Higher Command thought of 
offensives. A plan was put in preparation for an attack by the XII Corps 
west of Lake Doiran with the Doiran-Krastali road as first objective. 
The 60th Division was to take over from the 22nd Division, and the 22nd 
and 26th Divisions were to carry out the attack from Doiran to Hill 380. 
The Corps artillery was made up to nine 60-pdr., four 6-inch guns, and seven 
6-inch howitzer batteries for this offensive. 

The enemy also commenced to move. From the i8th to the 20th 
March the XII Corps front was subjected to a heavy bombardment with 
gas shells, phosgene, and lachrymatory. Our battalion came under this 



1917 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 211 

unpleasant bombardment on the 19th, and lost 4 men killed, 3 wounded, and 
18 slightly gassed. 

Another meeting with the enemy took place in " No ]\Ian's Land " on 
the 27th March. It had been a fine day, but as night fell it began to rain 
and the night was very dark. The usual patrol, with Lieutenants T. E. 
Evans and S. S. Jones Savin and 2nd Lieutenant T. Rowlands, went out 
to reconnoitre and occupy the Piton de I'Eglise. They had reached One 
Tree Hill Ravine when they were joined by a patrol of the 2/1 9th London 
Regiment (60th Division), who, under two guides from our battalion, were 
making for 4 Arbres. 

The London Regiment patrol was put on its way, and Lieutenant Evans 
led his patrol tow^ards the Piton de I'Eglise. Advancing by bounds, he 
detailed Lieutenant Jones Savin and 7 men to make good the cottages on 
the south-west corner of Macukovo village. But before Jones Savin had 
gone far, a noise of many men moving was heard ; suddenly the enemy 
was revealed to front, right, and left — a strong patrol was advancing in 
horseshoe formation and the whole of our patrol was inside its horns. 

A burst of rifle fire and machine-gun fire from the cottages discovered 
to Jones Savin the peril he was in ; he tried to rejoin the main patrol, but 
was instantl}^ killed and most of his men were wounded. 

Lieutenant Evans and his party retired hastily, but halted some 70 
to 100 yards away to wait for wounded. 

The heavy firing brought the London Regiment patrol back, and their 
appearance caused some of the enemy to move, as about 20 were seen 
scampering away in the darkness. 

Casualties were then found to be 2 officers and 2 men missing and 10 
men wounded. 

The firing died down, and a relief patrol under 2nd Lieutenants W. A. 
Pickard, H. A. Allison, and D. J. Meecham arrived to take over. The 
evacuation of the wounded and the recharging of Lewis-gun magazines 
took some time in the dark, but all this was eventually done and the first 
patrol withdrew. 

Meecham then went forward with a small party and soon reported 
finding five enemy dead. Pickard told him to continue his search and bring 
in all papers found on the bodies. 

Pickard then left Allison in charge of the main body of the patrol, and 
with 12 men proceeded to complete the reconnaissance of the Piton de 
I'Eglise. He soon came across the body of Jones Savin, and at the same 
time the enemy appeared. He opened fire, upon which Allison brought 
up the main body of the patrol, and the enemy vanished. 



212 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS May 

Unfortunately Meecham, on the outburst of firing, had also attempted 
to join Pickard, and was killed while crossing the sunken road. 

Dawn was now breaking, and Pickard, taking with him the body of 
Jones Savin, withdrew his patrol. 

]\Ieecham, Rowlands, and one man were missing, so Lieutenant J. O. 
Williams and a party of scouts went out to search for them. They recovered 
Meecham 's body, and found traces on the ground that led them to believe 
that Rowlands had been hit and made prisoner. The enemy had evidently 
searched the ground thoroughly before our scouts arrived, and had removed 
their dead and wounded, but the ground was littered with German bombs, 
and the scouts also found heaps of them dumped for use. 

The result of the encounter was distressing : 2 officers killed, i missing 
and prisoner of war, i other rank missing, and 13 wounded. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Yatman rejoined the battalion from leave on the 
30th March, and relieved Major G. W. G. Lindesay, who had been in com- 
mand since the 24th February. On the 2nd April the i8ist Brigade (60th 
Division) took over from the 67th Brigade, who in turn relieved the 77th 
Brigade in Corps Reserve at Galavanci. 

BATTLE OF DOIRAN 

24TH-25TH April and Sth-qth May 191 7. Area : Between Doiran- 
Karasuli Railway and the River Vardar. 

The 60th Division had now been introduced on the left of the Corps 
front, between the 22nd Division and the River Vardar. On the 21st April 
the bombardment for the planned attack, together with a general Allied 
offensive, commenced, and the infantry assaulted on the 24th. The enemy's 
trenches were entered along the whole XII Corps line, but the 26th Division 
was eventually forced back to its original line ; the 22nd Division retained 
the positions won. 

On the Salonika front there had been no movement at all since the 
capture of Monastir, and the enemy was well dug in. On the British front 
to the east of Lake Doiran, or what was called the Struma front, the opposing 
lines were widely separated ; west of Lake Doiran, on the XII Corps front, 
they were in places quite close together. As so frequently happened, the 
positions we occupied were overlooked by the enemy, who held great blocks 
of hills like the Grande and Petite Couronnes, and west of them what were 
known as the P Ridges. On these superior heights dugouts had been bored 
out of the solid rock, and everywhere the enemy had excellent cover. 

The most commanding position we held had the descriptive name of 



1917 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 213 

La Tortue, which was separated from the Petite Couronne by the Ravin des 
Jumeaux, but it was dominated by the Grande Couronne on the right (near 
Lake Doiran) and the P Ridges on the left. 

In the April attack the positions on the Grande and Petite Couronnes 
proved too strong for us. Our losses were heavy. 

But on the left an advance had been made and retained. Our battalion 
returned from Corps Reserve as the last enemy counter-attack was repulsed 
on the 29th April and bivouacked in Shelter Ravine ; the next day they 
took over Kidney Hill (A, C, and D) and Clichy Ravine (B). 

On the night 8th/9th May, at 9.50 p.m., the XII Corps attacked selected 
portions of the front : the attack of the 22nd and 60th Divisions was success- 
ful to a depth of some 500 yards, but again the 26th Division on the right, 
after entering the enemy trenches, were withdrawn, after suffering heavy 
casualties. 

On the whole General Sarrail's offensive of the spring in 191 7 was not a 
success, and it was followed by a long period empty of action. 

On account of ill-health General Gordon was compelled to hand over 
his command at this time (7th INIay) to Brigadier-General J. Duncan. 
And in June the Corps lost the 60th Division, and soon after the loth, 
both going to Egypt. 

The 22nd Division then held from Lake Doiran to Mamelon Vert 
(exclusive). 

• •••••• 

In a political sense the Salonika expedition was extremely active from 
June 1916 to June 1917. 

On the 2ist June 1916 the Allied Governments sent a note to Greece 
demanding the demobilisation of her Armies and a change of Government. 
King Constantine agreed, but did not carry out the demand in spirit or 
letter. 

If Rumanian intervention in the War had any effect on Greece, it 
soon evaporated ; active Rumanian support of the Allies was crushed, and 
within a year nothing at all was left. 

In September 1916 M. Venizelos formed a Provisional Government in 
Crete, which was to act in opposition to the Government in Athens, and 
on the 23rd October this Provisional Government, having moved to Salonika, 
declared war on Germany and Bulgaria. It was war without any troops ; 
but although the Greek nation, as a whole, did not wish to fight, Venizelos 
had strong support in the country. He set to work to raise an army. 

By the middle of November the first Greek Regiment was in the field. 
By way of encouragement to M. Venizelos, the Allied Governments then 



214 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS May 

demanded of the Athens Government that the Ministers of the Central 
Powers be removed from Greek territory, also the surrender of war material. 

Naturally enough the situation was a difficult one for the Allied Powers, 
and naturall}' enough the Greeks resented their action. The Allies made a 
demonstration of force at Athens and some 200 French soldiers were 
ambushed and killed. This tragedy made the situation still more difficult ; 
there was nothing for it but another ultimatum demanding the withdrawal 
of all Greek troops from Thessaly — which the Athens Government accepted. 

The Athens Government then issued a warrant for the arrest of M. 
Venizelos on a charge of high treason, and we countered by recognising the 
Venizelos Government. But no definite steps were taken to put an end to 
the impossible position until the 28th May 191 7, when an Anglo-French 
Conference in London came to a decision to depose King Constantine. 
A demand for the abdication of the King was presented to the Athens 
Government on the nth June; and M. Jonnart, a former Governor- 
General of Algeria, was given the powers of High Commissioner for the 
Allies. 

M. Jonnart acted swiftly. Troops and ships commenced to move, 
and under the threat of naval guns and the landing of French and Russian 
troops (British troops were alread}^ at Corinth) the King abdicated the 
throne in favour of his second son, Prince Alexander. 

M. Venizelos assumed power at Athens on the 27th June, and the 
declaration of war made by the Provisional Government became effective 
for the whole of Greece. By this time the Provisional Government had 
managed to put three divisions, known as the National Defence Army Corps, 
into the field. The Provisional Government was at an end. 

The task of reorganising the Greek Army and hunting out the supporters 
of the pro-German ex- King was now undertaken by the French — a work 
of some magnitude. A Greek Army that served a useful purpose gradually 
came into being. 

But a further complication in the turmoil of the War had already 
arisen with the Russian Revolution, which commenced on the 1 2th March : 
the Tsar abdicated on the 1 5th. 

All through the heat of the summer our battalion took its turn in the 
front line, and worked on the defences and roads. On the i6th August 
they went back into Corps Reserve at Chaine Tehomis, The strength of 
the battalion was then 15 officers and 704 other ranks. 

They relieved the 9th King's Own Regiment in the left subsector on 
the 3rd September ; 7th October saw them once more in Corps Reserve at 



1918 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 215 

Cuguinci ; on the 9th November the\' relieved the 7th South Wales 
Borderers in the right sector. 

On the 2ist December General Guillaumat took over command of the 
Allied Forces from General Sarrail. 

All action was at a standstill during the bitter winter months. Patrols 
went out in the snow in white overalls, but there was no clash with the enemy 
until the month of May. 

Raid on O 2, 6th May 191 8. 

Enemy artillery commenced to be active in May. A raid on his front 
line — a portion known as O 2 — was already in preparation. The idea was 
that the defensive belts of wire should be cut by the artillery on the 6th May, 
and the trenches and dugouts subjected to a bombardment. At dusk, 
harassing fire by the artillery, trench mortars, and machine guns was to be 
directed at intervals on the gaps that had been cut. 

At 9.50 p.m. a bombardment of the enemy's front line would commence 
and lift after ten minutes, when Lieutenant Pickard and a party of 12 other 
ranks would " demonstrate " to make the enemy man his trenches. He 
was given five minutes to do this, and then every gun and trench mortar 
was to open on the front-line trench. 

Normal harassing fire was then to continue until 11. 15 p.m., when D 
Company, under Captain W. E. Whall (4 officers and 119 other ranks), 
would rush through the gaps in the wire, the artillery putting a " box 
barrage " round the position. 

After a lapse of fifteen minutes a bugle call would be the signal to 
retire. 

In the phraseology of the War, " all went according to plan." The 
raiding party formed up in front of Wylye Sap in columns of platoons in 
file, at about 30 yards' interval and 50 yards' distance, with three platoons 
in the front line and one in support. 

Captain G. Y. S. Farrant commanded the left platoon and had as his 
objective a large dugout, which he hoped to destroy ; the centre platoon 
was under 2nd Lieutenant L.Davies ; the right platoon was under Lieutenant 
J. Bould, with a pill-box^ as objective. The supporting platoon was under 
Captain Whall. 

Two sappers were detailed to each of the flank platoons, and in addition 
seven men were allotted to the right platoon, each carrying a specially 
prepared box containing 1 5 lb. of guncotton, and four men to the left 

1 The name given to the concrete shelters which were, as a rule, machine-gua emplacements. 



2i6 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

platoon carrying two Bangalore torpedoes, each charged with 121 lb. of 
ammonal. 

A party of bombers was told off for the protection of the " demolition " 
parties. 

The wire-cutting artillery had done their work well — the wire was found 
to be no obstacle — and the raiders advanced rapidly on their objectives. 
But they were at once seen by the enemy, who put down a barrage from 
batteries on the Piton Chauve and the lake side ; this was thickened by a 
heavy trench-mortar barrage. All this protective artillery fire was directed 
on the enemy's own trenches, and it continued throughout the operation. 

The scene, viewed from a short distance, was weird. The enemy was 
sending up hundreds of Verey lights, and the beams from searchlights on 
the Piton Chauve hit the scene of the raid, making a great patch of light in 
the darkness which only revealed a whirling cloud of dust and smoke 1 

Captain Farrant, on the left, met wdth some opposition from a party of 
about fifteen Bulgars posted near the dugout ; five of these were baj'-oneted, 
and the remainder plunged down into the dugout, only to be followed by 
bombs. But the sappers with the Bangalore torpedoes, which were to be 
used for demolition, could not be found, although they were with Captain 
Farrant's platoon when they passed through the broken belt of wire. They 
had become casualties. 

Captain Farrant looked at his watch and found that it was a minute 
past the time for withdrawal. Realising that something had occurred to 
prevent the bugle sounding the " retire," he passed the word for his platoon 
to withdraw. 

The centre platoon, under 2nd Lieutenant Davies, met with no oppo- 
sition. They took up a covering position and withdrew when ordered. 

The right platoon, under Lieutenant Bould, surrounded the pill-box. 
Two Bulgars came out and one attempted to light a flare ; both were killed. 
Whether the pill-box was seriously damaged or not is, in the words of a 
subsequent report, " not clear, each survivor having a different account ; 
but it is certain that five out of the seven boxes of guncotton were stacked 
and exploded against the northern face of the structure. Captain Whall was 
present for a short time, and Private Evans, one of the carrying party, 
states that it was he who eventually gave instructions as to where to place 
the charge. A statement by Corporal Patterson, R.E., that they were 
interfered with by a party of Bulgars was not borne out by Private Evans, 
nor can it be reconciled with the general situation, for, besides Captain 
Whall, Lieutenant Bould and Sergeant Davidson are reported to have 
approached the pill-box at different times during the fifteen minutes that 



1918 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 217 

the party was at work, and neither saw nor heard any enemy. A trench- 
mortar shell bursting close to the pill-box just as the carrying party arrived, 
wounded five out of the 7 carriers." 

Captain Whall unfortunately disappeared, and was reported wounded 
and missing. He was last seen going from the pill-box to the dugout, but 
he never arrived there. As he and his orderly were the only two persons 
carrying bugles, no signal of withdrawal was made. 

On the return of the raiding party, their casualties were found to be : 
I officer missing, 3 officers wounded ; 9 other ranks missing and 60 wounded. 

On the nth May both sides mounted a sort of Chinese attack. At about 
8.15 p.m. some shouting and the explosion of bombs were heard in the 
Bulgar lines, and a red light was fired which produced a heavy bombardment 
of our trenches. At midnight our battalion sent out three patrols to shout 
and fire rifle grenades. Immediately red lights were fired all along the 
enemy front and a heavy barrage was put down. The searchlights were 
active from Piton Chauve and Kohinoor. 

The battalion then continued the even tenor of trench warfare through 
June and July, the only incident being that a post in Snake Ravine was 
bombed out of its position by a Bulgar patrol on the 2nd July. The enemy 
did not hold the post, which was reoccupied. 

But the Salonika situation changed during these months. The great 
losses in France, caused by the German spring offensive, resulted in a general 
combing out of battalions from all fronts. Eight battalions were taken from 
the XII Corps, brigades were reduced to three battalions. 

BATTLE OF DOIRAN 

18TH-19TH September 191 8. Area : Dora Tepe-Doirax-Karasuli 
RailW'Ay and the River Vardar. 

On the other hand, French operations on the left of the front were 
successful during the month of June, and on the whole front desertions from 
the enemy commenced to grow in number. On the British front, in the 
Struma Valley, they were more numerous than elsewhere. All the deserters 
stated that the enemy intended to launch an attack on the 15th June, but 
that the Bulgar troops were in a state of mutiny and were reluctant to attack. 
Thesfe enemy schemes never came to anything. 

On the 17th June General Franchet d'Esperey took command of the 
Allied Armies, replacing General Guillaumat. 

On the left, French and Italians made important gains in July, and 



2i8 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

towards the end of July General d'Esperey issued instructions for the 
preparation of a general offensive to take place during the first fortnight 
in September. A general staff conference took place on the 12th August at 
British General Headquarters, and the plan, which was that the Serbs and 
French were to break through in the centre, was discussed. The role 
assigned to the British was to attack the formidable heights on the Doiran 
sector, with a view to holding the Bulgars there. The main attack on the 
British front was against the P Ridges and the neighbouring high ground, 
which included the Kohinoor and Grande Couronne. On the right the 
Cretan Division and the Seres Division of the Greek National Defence Corps 
were to carry out a holding attack. 

The left, or chief British attack, was to be made by the 22nd Division, 
the 77th Brigade, and one regiment of the Seres Division ; the right attack 
was to be carried out by the Seres Division less one regiment, supported by 
the 83rd British Brigade less two battalions, and was to be launched against 
Doiran Hill, Teton Hill, and the Petite Couronne. 

Training for the offensive was commenced. On the iSth August our 
battalion was in a new camp at Fly Nek, and did not return to the line until 
just before the attack. 

It has been pointed out that the enemy positions were of exceptional 
strength ; they were tactically good, and after two and a half years the 
trenches and dugouts were perfect, and the thickness of wire entanglements 
exceptional. Added to the natural superiority and domination of the enemy 
lines, the country itself was difficult to cross, being much cut up with deep 
water-courses which had steep, rocky sides overgrown with bushes. The soil 
is sandy, and gets very dry in summer, with the result that a bombardment 
raised thick clouds of dust through which it was impossible to see. 
The task before our battalion was no easy one. 

As a further handicap to successful issue, the whole corps was visited by 
an epidemic of influenza ; and the exceptional heat of the summer (average 
shade temperature over 100 degrees) brought on malaria^ and dysenter3^ The 
strength of battalions dwindled. Indeed, all conditions conspired to produce 
a gloomy view. It was quite clear that no reinforcements would be sent 
by British or French or Italians, for the Government opinion of each country 
was that nothing could be gained in Salonika. But as preparations were 
pushed forward the situation in the main Western Theatre, which had been 

1 Malaria was the great trouble throughout the campaign. As protection against mosquitoes 
sentries wore veils over face and hands, and moreover were smeared with an evil-smelling 
concoction which announced their presence long before they could be seen on an ordinary night. 
Malaria casualties put whole battalions out of action until the decision to abandon low ground 
during the summer was arrived at. 



1918 



THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 



219 



so depressing in the spring, improved ; the brilliant French counter-attack 
on the 1 8th July was followed by sweeping Allied victories in August ; 
and yet, even with such hopeful prospects of ultimate victory, the soldier 
in Macedonia might be forgiven for looking gloomily at the Couronne and 
P Ridges. 

The Allied Forces now consisted of 8 French Divisions, with 2 cavalry 
regiments, and some odd unattached battalions ; one strong Italian division ; 
6 Serbian divisions, and one cavalry division ; 10 Greek divisions ; and 
finally 4 British divisions. These units, however, were of different values, 
as we were already reduced to 9 battalions per division, as were the Serbians, 
Greeks, and all but 3 French divisions. The approximate strength in 
rifles was : 



French .... 


. 45,000 


Greeks .... 


. 40,000 


British .... 


. 32,000 


Serbs .... 


. 30,000 


Italians 


. 10,000 



The total artillery was about 1,600 guns. 

In his despatch General ]\Iilne writes that " it was now clear that the 
enemy suspected an impending attack, but did not know where the blow 
was to fall. His reserves were reported to be in the Vardar Valley. To 
prevent their withdrawal, and to deceive him as to the sector chosen for the 
main Allied attack, operations were begun on the afternoon of the ist 
September, after heavy artillery preparation, against the rocky and stronglj- 
fortified salient north of Aleak Mahale, on the right bank of the Vardar. 
The troops engaged were the 2nd Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, and 
the loth Battalion Hampshire Regiment of the 27th Division. The under- 
taking proved an entire success. Not only were determined counter- 
attacks launched fruitlessly^ against our new trenches, but on the right the 
division was able to occupy the enemy's outpost line, thus gaining suitable 
positions for a further advance. With this operation and with the unhin- 
dered advance of the posts of the ist Hellenic Corps in the Struma Valley 
about a week later, the preliminaries on the right section of the general 
offensive were completed. 

" On the morning of the 14th September the general attack began. 
All along the 80-mile front from Lake Doiran to Monastir the artillery 
bombardment of the hostile positions became intense. Twenty-four hours 
later the Franco-Serbian troops, under the command of Voivode Mischitch, 



220 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

stormed the Bulgar trenches on the mountain heights from Sokol to Vetrenik. 
Before noon the enemy's first and second Hnes were in the possession of 
Allied troops. This initial victory forced a withdrawal on the flanks. 
The gap of 12 kilometres was enlarged to one of 25 kilometres. The way 
was open for an advance to the heights of Kozak. 

" The success on which an assault on the Doiran sector was conditional 
had been attained. Early on the 15th September I received orders from 
General Franchet d'Esperey that the troops under my command were to 
attack on the morning of the i8th." 

Meanwhile the enemy's positions from Doiran Lake to P Ridge were 
being heavily shelled, and his wire cut. 

In his description of the position, General Milne says : " To an observer 
from the centre of the line from which the Allied attack was to take place, 
the medley of broken hills forming his position [Bulgar] baffles detailed 
description except at great length. There are steep hillsides and rounded 
hills. There is little soil. The hard rocky ground makes consolidation of a 
newly won position difficult, and gives overwhelming advantage to the 
defender, well dug into trenches that have been the careful work of three 
years. Deep-cut ravines divert progress and afford unlimited opportunity 
for enfilade fire. But in all the complexity of natural features the P Ridge 
and Grande Couronne stand out in conspicuous domination. The former, 
from a height of over 2,000 feet, slopes southward towards our lines, over- 
looking our trenches and the whole country south to Salonika. To its right 
the country dips and rises to a less sharp but no less intricate maze of hills, 
that mount, tier upon tier, from Petite Couronne with its steep and rugged 
sides, above Doiran Lake to Grande Couronne, itself little lower than the 
summit of P Ridge. The enemy had taken full advantage of his ground. 
He was strongly entrenched in three lines, with communicating trenches 
deeply cut into the rock, and roomy, well-timbered dugouts, with concrete 
machine-gun emplacements, and on the crest between P Ridge and Grande 
Couronne with concrete gun-pits. It was the key position of the Vardar- 
Doiran defences, and he held it with his best troops." 

The Bulgar troops on the Doiran front were the 17th, 33rd, 34th, and 
58th Regiments. 

Operations were commenced on the morning of the iSth September. 
They were divided into a Right and Left Attack. 

The Right Attack bythe Seres Division (less the 3rd Infantry Regiment), 
supported by the British 83rd Infantry Brigade, and with the 2eme bis Regi- 
ment de Zouaves and 1 2th Corps Cavalry Regiment in reserve, was to advance 
over the Petite Couronne to the line Doiran Hill-Teton Hill and Hill 346, 



1918 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 221 

and to operate against the Orb, and finally seize the Grande Couronne in 
conjunction with the Left Attack. 

The Left Attack, under the command of Major-General Duncan, was 
made b}" the 22nd Division (less the 6sth Brigade in Army Reserve), the 
77th Infantry Brigade, the 3rd Greek Regiment of the Seres Division, and 
the 65th and 67th Machine-gun Companies. The final objective was the 
line Grande Couronne-Kohinoor-P 2-Dolina. 

These positions were protected by three lines of trenches known as the 
X, W, and T lines and, on the crest of the ridge west of Grande Couronne, 
a fourth line known as the Grand Shoulder-Kohinoor-P 2 line. The W 
and T lines were strongly entrenched, provided with bomb-proof shelters, 
and protected generally by three belts of wire : the lines were situated in 
terraces, one above the other. 

What was called the P Ridge, on the left of our attack, was defended 
by strong works labelled P 4I, P 4, P 3, Dolina, and P 2. 

The wire was cut on the i6th and 17th by howitzers assisted by 2-inch 
and 6-inch trench mortars, and, we are told, " was generally well cut and 
the attack was never held up by wire, but, owing to the fact that only two 
gaps could be cut on the front of each battalion, the wire added greatly 
to the difficulty of the infantry, which had to advance over a narrow front." 

During the night 1 7th/ 1 8th harassing fire by i8-pdrs. and machine 
guns was kept up all night. From six and a half hours before the time of 
the assault the enemy's camps in the trench system and his battery positions 
were subjected to a gas bombardment. It must be noted that gas was used 
for the first time on the Macedonian front, but " its effect on both the enemy's 
infantry and artillery was far less than had been anticipated." 

For two hours before the assault smoke shells and harassing fire were 
directed on the enemy's front system to hide the troops assembling, and to 
drown the noise of their movement ; but the night was fine, flooded with a 
full moon, and it was impossible to conceal the assembly. 

The assaulting troops assembled in Shropshire and Jackson Ravines, 
about 450 yards from the enemy first line. The barrage was timed to start 
at 5.8 a.m. and the assault of the first line at 5.1 1 a.m. 

Following the attack from the right, the Greek Seres Division captured 
Doiran Hill and Teton Hill at 6.10 a.m., and an hour and a half later were 
on Hill 340. 

The 67th Brigade attacked with the three battalions in line — nth 
Royal Welch Fusiliers, i ith Welch Regiment, and 7th South Wales Border- 
ers — with the O 6 work and trenches on the east slopes of Sugar Loaf as a 



222 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

first objective ; the Hilt, Knot, and Tassel as a second ; the Rockies and 
the west face of the Grande Couronne as the third. 

B Company, commanded by Captain Stockdale, and D Company, 
commanded by Captain Bone, advanced against O 6, B advancing by Claw 
Ravine, and D by Snake Ravine. 

B Company entered the trenches with little opposition at 5,18 a.m., 
but as they advanced against Dagger Ravine they were met b}^ a strong 
counter-attack. Sharp and costl}^ fighting followed, in which all the company 
officers became casualties ; but the company held and the enem}^ were 
driven back, about 30 prisoners and a trench mortar remaining in the 
companj^'s hands. About 6.45 a.m. touch was obtained with Greek troops 
from the direction of Petite Couronne. 

D Company had moved on the work up a more precipitous slope and 
met with considerable opposition which caused many casualties. All 
officers became casualties, but Private D. Roberts rallied the men and led 
them on towards the Hilt, which was being attacked by the remainder of 
the battalion. 

A Company, under Captain Curtis and C Company, under Captain 
Jones, attacked the trench to the east of Sugar Loaf, and during their first 
advance came under heavy machine-gun fire from the Knot. The trench 
was rushed and the garrison destroyed. The two companies then swung 
right-handed across the Jumeaux, over the lower slopes of the Blade, 
and up to the wire protecting the Hilt ; here there was a pause to allow the 
barrage to lift, and also to reorganise, for the companies had run into our 
own gas and had been obliged to put on their masks. 

At about 5.38 a.m. the advance was continued through the gap in the 
wire, but now the companies were being swept by machine-gun and trench- 
mortar fire from the upper Hilt, and suffered many casualties. The trenches 
were strongly held, and when all opposition was overcome, after heavy 
fighting, companies were reduced to half. All officers and all but two 
non-commissioned officers had become casualties, and the survivors were 
greatly exhausted through having to wear gas-masks. Counter-attacks 
came from the Knot Ravine, and finally the men gave way and fell back on 
the Doiran-Krastali road. 

Back at Battalion Headquarters, Lieutenant-Colonel Yatman heard 
nothing definite. The first wounded men, returning from B Company 
about 6.30 a.m., had stated that the line had been occupied with little 
opposition, but that strong counter-attacks had started soon afterwards. 
No information of any kind was received on the situation at the Hilt, 
and the dust and smoke from trench-mortar and artillery fire were so thick 



1918 



THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 



223 



nothing could be seen. The Commanding Officer decided to advance his 
Headquarters to the Doiran-Krastali track, only to meet, on arrival, 
a counter-attack delivered from the direction of O 6. The remnant of 
B Company, under Sergeant O. Roberts, was mixed up in this fight, and 
the enemy was finally beaten off. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Yatman soon realised the extent of his casualties, 
and that he had an insufficient number of unwounded men to continue the 
advance, so he decided to hold the line from O 6 to the Doiran-Krastali 






VdoQc 






•\\<- J- 




eiisikStUmii 

Ikulli f 
/' 



- „, -..If, I ~^ 'fv/ / '-""'LU'J*' P(.,-fl* 





ijLNroX 



Douaa 






^^ 



Kastali^ 
















So-bj^ 



/ 



road, keeping in touch with the Greeks at Sabre Trench, and with the i ith 
Welch Regiment at Fang. 

The I Ith Welch Regiment had also been obliged to resort to gas-masks 
on account of our gas, and suffered some casualties in their advance to the 
east of "Sugar Loaf, but they reached the Knot and Tassel, and a party got 
in touch with our battalion on the Hilt. At about 7.30 a.m. the Bulgars 
counter-attacked, and the Commanding Officer of the Welch, seeing that the 
Greeks were falling back, ordered a retirement to Shropshire Ravine, 



224 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Sept. 

whence they had started. Later the Welch tried to reoccupy the Sugar 
Loaf, but were driven off by fire. 

The 7th South Wales Borderers passed over the Sugar Loaf and Tongue 
trenches on to the lower slopes of the Feather, where they were joined by 
a considerable number of Greek troops, and continued their advance to 
the Rockies. But in the approach up the Feather machine-gun fire was 
opened on them from both flanks, and although a few reached the Rockies, 
casualties were too heavy for the men and the battalion fell back on the 
Tongue. Later they went back to the top of Shropshire Ravine. 

The 3rd Greek Regiment reached the Warren, but machine-gun fire 
from the Grande Couronne and P Ridge caused heavy casualties, and a 
counter-attack from the Grand Ravine drove them out of the Bulgar main 
line. The}^ gradually fell back to their position of assembly. 

On P Ridge the 66th Brigade lost 65 per cent, of their strength. After 
gallant attempts against the fearful P defences, they fell back on their 
original position. 

" At about 9 a.m.," says General Duncan, " I came to the conclusion 
that the attack had failed, and I informed the Corps Commander that I 
considered it would be useless waste of life to try to press the attack 
further." 

But the Corps Commander ordered the attack to be resumed the next 
day, released the 65th Brigade from Reserve, and placed it with the 2eme 
bis Zouaves at the disposal of General Duncan. 

The plan was for the 77th Brigade to attack the Grande Couronne and 
Plume works via the Knot-Tassel-Tongue works, keeping the Vladaja 
Ravine on their left ; the 2eme bis Zouaves w-ere to capture the Corne and 
Warren, with the Vladaja Ravine on their right ; the 65th Brigade were to 
assault P 4l and P 4. 

It was a disastrous day. The Zouaves, on their way to their position 
of assembly, came under light harassing fire along the road they were 
using ; this stopped them, and they never resumed their advance. 

" As soon as I heard that there was some doubt whether the 2eme bis 
Zouaves had advanced, I telephoned to G.O.C. 77th Infantry Brigade that 
unless the French came up on their left they were not to advance beyond 
the line Knot-Tassel-Hilt, and informed Corps and Seres Division of 
my order. 

" I also sent a message at 0500 hours from P 5 to the O.C. King's Own 
Royal Lancashire Regiment, who was 500 yards aw^ay and who was going 
to attack P4J and P 4, that in consequence of the delay of the French the 
assault on P4J was not to take place at 0535 hours as originally arranged, but 




{Cniwti Cof>iiri(ilil. 
TYPICAL COLXTllY ON THE BALKAN FRONT. 

Roads were few and extremely bad. The difTicultics in moving a great army over these hills will be appreciated. 




{Cnurn ('.niiiirii/lil. 

DoiHAN. rill-: jiiNi) i)i\ isioN A riACKi-.i) ()\i;i5 riii:si-: hills. 



1918 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA: SALONIKA 225 

at 0555 hours, and that the barrage would remain on until that hour, 
and that if b}^ that time he found that the French were not advancing, he 
was not to attack P 4^ at all. Unfortunately this message did not reach the 
9th King's Own until about 0600 hours. The battalion, after waiting some 
minutes, advanced into our i8-pdr. barrage and had some casualties." 
(General Duncan.) 

The attack again failed. The total casualties in these operations were 
given as 155 officers and 3,710 other ranks in the British 22nd Division, 
including the 77th Brigade, and about 1,350 in the Greek Regiment. 

Late in the night of the 19th September our battalion was relieved by 
a company of the Border Regiment and went back to Exeter Ravine. 

The Pursuit to the Strumitza Valley, 22ND-30TH September. 

The British Army claimed that the two days' fighting had "administered 
a severe blow to the enemy on the most vital and best defended part of his 
front," and not only pinned down his reserves at a most critical period for 
him, but actually induced him on the second day to increase his strength 
on this front. In spite of the heavy British and Greek losses, a greater 
number, it was estimated, had been suffered by the Bulgars — 1,200 prisoners 
had been taken. At all events, the Franco-Serb forces were advancing 
rapidly on the left. 

On the 20th and 21st no infantry action took place on the Anglo- 
Greek front, but the air reports stated that there was great activity behind 
his front lines, and that dumps at Hudova station, Cestova, Furka, and 
Tatali were in flames 1 The Kosturino-Strumitza road was densely 
packed with troops and transport, and was bombed and fired on by low- 
flying British aeroplanes all day on the 21st. 

On the 22nd Division front patrols found the enemy gone, and his 
main line was in our possession without opposition on the morning of the 
22nd. The pursuit of the enemy was commenced, and by i p.m. British 
and Greek forces had reached the line Kara Oglular-Harzali-Paljorca 
to one mile south of Bogdanci. Over 4,000 prisoners had been captured, 
and the retreating enemy, who were packed on the roads, were still being 
bombed and fired on by the Royal Air Force. 

Our battalion had moved on the 21st from Exeter Camp to Tortoise 
Camp, and on the 23rd marched over the Grande Couronne to Volovec, thence 
to KaraOgluIar, where they were in support to an attack bythe 83rd Brigade. 

At this point in the general advance the British Forces were reorganised. 
The XVI Corps Headquarters was moved from the right to the left of the 
British Army. The XII Corps, now on the right, consisted of the 22nd and 

IV— 15 



226 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Nov. 

28th Divisions, the 228th Brigade (Garrison Battahons), the Surrey 
Yeomanry, the Cretan Division, and the 2eme bis Regiment de Zouaves. 
The XVI Corps was composed of the 26th and 27th Divisions, the Lothian 
and Border Horse, the Derb3^shire Yeomanry, and the 14th Greek Division. 

Earl}^ in the morning of the 25th September the Derbyshire Yeomanry 
entered Bulgaria — the first of the Alhed troops — and the 22nd Division 
commenced to clamber up the Belasica Range. Our battalion moved to 
Zeus Junction, in support of the 6sth Brigade, who were attacking Visoka 
Cuka. 

Bulgarian parlementaires approached the British lines and were passed 
through to the Allied Commander-in-Chief. 

The 22nd Division, in numbers no more than three battalions, was 
ordered on the 27th to assemble in the vicinity of Kara Oglular-Volovec, 
leaving the Cretan Division in the front line. 

On the 30th September an armistice was signed, and hostilities ceased 
at midday. 

On the 5th October the 22nd Division marched back to Grande Couronne, 
and thence, in a thunderstorm, to Pillar Hill. The Bulgars had been 
ordered to return to Bulgaria by the shortest route, and arrangements were 
in hand for the delivery of all war material to the Allies. And then a 
change took place in the general plan of operations. 

General Milne was directed to collect a force consisting of the 22nd, 
26th, and 28th British Divisions and the 122nd French Division and to 
move them to the Turkish frontier. He was to seize the bridge over the 
Maritsa, occupy Adrianople, and advance on Constantinople. 

The railway between Doiran and Seres had been totally destroyed, 
and there were practically no roads in Eastern Macedonia ; the change of 
plans, therefore, meant a rapid march of some 250 miles for the British 
Army. 

Our battalion halts were on the nth the old transport lines at La 
Marraine ; 14th, to Janes ; 15 th, to Sarigol Station ; 16th, to camp north 
of Dremiglava ; 17th, to Tumba, west of Beshik Lake. And then it was 
decided that the 22nd Division, which was ordered to concentrate in the 
Guvesne area by the 23rd, should be transported by sea to Dede-Agach. 

To Stronlongoo station on the 19th ; to Stavros on the 20th ; on the 
25th embarked on H.M.S. Alarm. The division was being carried by 
seventeen destroyers, and the landing was to be covered by monitors. 
But, having put to sea, the weather made it impossible to land and they 
returned to Stavros. 

On the 27th the battalion embarked again, and the whole division was 



1918 THE WAR WITH BULGARIA : SALONIKA 227 

successfully landed at Dede-Agach on the 28th, and commenced to move 
to the Maritsa River with the object of seizing the bridgehead at Ipsala. 
The strength of our battalion was then 10 officers and 359 other ranks. 

Again there was a redistribution of troops. The Turkish peace delegates 
arrived at Mudros on the 27th, and a wire on the 30th announced that an 
armistice had been signed and hostilities with Turkey would cease at 
midda}^ on the 31st. The 22nd Division was ordered back to the base 
area, and entrained for Drama on the 1 2th November ; proceeded by motor 
to Kinella on the 13th ; marched to Mustenja on the 19th ; to Orfano on 
the 20th ; to Tash on the 21st ; and on the 22nd to Stavros. 

By the end of the month the British Forces were disposed with the 
28th Division Headquarters at Chanak ; the 82nd Brigade in the Asiatic 
forts guarding the Dardanelles ; the 84th Brigade in reserve in Gallipoli ; 
the 85th Brigade with its Headquarters at Biyuk Dere, one battalion in the 
European forts of the Bosphorus, one battalion at Pera, and one north of 
Constantinople ; the 27th Division was in the Janes-Sarigol area ; the 
26th Division at Rustchuk ; and the 22nd at Stavros. 

Cjeneral Milne arrived in Constantinople on the i8th December. 
General Wilson had arrived there on the 1 2th November to stay in the same 
hotel as General Liman von Sanders : at that time there were many German 
troops in Constantinople. 

Our battalion moved on the 12th January to Gueunei (Flynek Camp). 
And then, on the 27th February, commenced to move to Constantinople. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Yatman took over the stores and equipment of the 
2nd East Surrey Regiment at the Tash Kishla Barracks, and absorbed the 
personnel of the regiment with the exception of a cadre on the 26th March. 
The strength of the battalion was then 14 officers and 317 other ranks. 

The 6th Garrison Battalion arrived at Salonika on the ist November 
to perform useful guard duties. Lieutenant-Colonel Lushington was taken 
ill on board ship and admitted to hospital on landing. Command was 
taken over by Major Charles de Robeck. 

After a brief stay at Salonika the battalion embarked for Bulgaria 
and landed at Dede-Agach on the loth November 191 8, and was employed 
immediately in guarding the Salonika-Constantinople railway. 

During the winter Major de Robeck was invalided home, and command 
passed to Major E. Greenfield. No incident worthy of note occurred. All 
duties which affected the Bulgar population were carried out with extreme tact 
by officers and men, so that the battalion earned not only commendation from 
higher Authority but the gratitude and respect of the Bulgars themselves. 



PART III 

THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA 



ITALY 

In The Seventh Division, G. T. Atkinson remarks that " it was strange that 
a division with the Seventh's record should have been stranded in a back- 
water in the great crisis of the War." The fire-eating regimental 
officer, yearning to be where the fight was hottest, would agree with him ; 
but the regiment, with its twenty-one fighting battalions scattered over 
the battle front on three Continents, has reason to ask that the remark 
should not be taken as meaning that any effort of any one of the battalions 
was useless. 

It was on the 23rd May 191 5, during the Battle of Festubert, that Italy 
declared war on Austria and fighting commenced on the Italian frontier. 
The first Battle of the Isonzo w^as fought from the 29th June to the 7th July, 
and during the next two years the battles on the Isonzo mount up to eleven, 
while the Austrians made one offensive in the Trentino during May 191 6. 

The Italian frontier from Lake Garda to the Adriatic ran in a rough 
semicircle with Venice as the centre. The Italians, with their minds on 
Trieste, had been banging away on the Isonzo, and the Austrian offensive 
in 191 6 had been delivered on the left of the semicircle, about Asiago, which 
offered great possibilities. In Ludendorff's opinion — and he is at one with 
Falkenhayn, who was then in command — the attack had been undertaken 
with too few troops, and should have been supported by an offensive on 
the Isonzo : the result was that after a preliminary success the Italians 
were able to transfer troops from the east to the west of their line and hold 
the Austrians. He tells us, too, that he was tempted to repeat the operation 
in 191 7 ; but although the Austrian Army was to be stiffened with some 
nine German divisions, it was now in an exhausted state and not fit to break 
through from the Tyrol, He therefore chose the region of Caporetto. 

The attack was launched on the 24th October and the Italian line was 
pierced. In a few days the whole of the Isonzo line was crumbling, and the 
northern sweep of the semicircle as well. The enemy attacked in the T3T0I, 
but the Italians held them there fairly well. 

The German success was, however, great and the plight of the Italians 

desperate — they simply scrambled across river after river, and finally 

stood on the Piave. 

231 



2\2 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



Dec. 



French and British divisions were sent to help the Itahans. The 
British 23rd, 41st, and 48th Divisions had already moved when the 7th was 
ordered to Italy. General Plumer, from playing a minor role on his own 
front at Ypres, was sent to command. 

The journey was uneventful, but rather long. The division commenced 
to entrain on the 1 7th November, and the first train arrived at Legnago on 
the 22nd. Our ist battalion was divided in half (see page 361, Vol. Ill), but 
the two sections joined up at Sossana on the 26th. Reporting on the 
situation, General Plumer said : " The situation was certainly disquieting. 

THE ITALIAN FRONTIER 

lh< Italia:\ tttrcat Ivid b«n amcsted <x\th< RcvcrRaM Tiu ^<naal unpciMtotv corc«t^eA b^u that the Aistmnsovrc 

bdn^ eeits^saS/uX to persevere uKth Iheir Attacks tiv th< hope of ^iXM^ cli>um into tKe pU^ (et tKe vnnitv. fFlumtrDe^iiitAl 




»Mantova 



The Italian Army had just received a severe blow, from which it was bound 
to require time to recover and reorganise, and although every effort was 
being made to dispatch the French and British forces to the theatre of 
operations, it was obvious, owing to the limited railway facilities, that some 
time must elapse before these forces could be regarded as a material factor." 
The 7th Division Order No. i, issued on the 25th November, opens with the 
information that " the situation on the Piave River remains unchanged. 
The 23rd and 24th Divisions are moving forward to the line of the River 
Brenta." 

There followed days of marching for our battalion : on the 27th to 



1917 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 233 

Mossano ; 28th to Villafranca ; 30th to Rustega ; 2nd December to 
Istrana ; 5th to Trevignano ; loth to Riese, where the 7th Division was 
in reserve to the XXXI French Corps ; nth to Loria. 

Divisional Headquarters opened at Vedelago on the loth December, 
and the orders were that the division would be prepared to move north, 
east, or west. The Italian line was now firm, but attacks were expected, 
and on the 13th the 22nd Brigade was warned to stand by to support the 
French, who had no reserve division and, with the Italians on their left, 
were being strong!}^ attacked. The Austrians w^ere, however, repulsed. 

The line held by the British divisions was known as the Montello 
Sector. The 7th Division did not go into the front line until the 19th 
January 1918, when they relieved the 41st Division. Our battalion had 
moved into billets at Altivole on the 17th, and on the iSth relieved the loth 
Royal West Kent Regiment in reserve on the extreme right of the British 
line with Battalion Headquarters at Bavaria. On the 26th they were 
relieved by the 9th Devon Regiment and marched back to Volpago. 

Our battalion took over the front line on the 2nd February, relieving 
the 22nd Manchester Regiment. The enemy was exceedingly quiet. 
The River Piave, broad and swift, lay in the middle of " No Man's Land," 
at that time of year a most effective obstacle to patrolling. Relieved on 
the loth February by the 2nd H.A.C., they did not go into that sector again. 

On the 23rd February the division was ordered to entrain for France at 
an early date, and our battalion commenced to march back to the entraining 
area : on the 26th to Casa Corba ; on the ist March to Loreggia, where 
the St. David's Day dinner ^ was held (42 sat down to dinner) ; on the 3rd 
to Villafranca ; on the 7th to Bosco di Nanto. 

The order to return to France was cancelled, but repeated on several 
occasions before the final advance in Italy. The date of the first order 

1 An interesting letter was received on this occasion : 

"FiRLEY Hall, York. 
"27th February 1918. 
" Dear Colonel, 

" I send my sincere good wishes and afifectionate remembrances to all with you on 
the 15/ March 

' and St. David.' 
" I have just been looking up the menu of March ist, 1870, which was my first St. David's Day , 
and the ist Battalion was quartered at Devonport. It reads strangely in these days of simple 
meals, which happily commenced before ever rationing came in, and I hope you will all be having a 
bottle of the best and are not limited to i lb. of meat per head per week. 

" "The menu of 1870 consisted of soups and fish, 6 entries, 8 rotis, 6 releves, 8 entremets ! 
Hackett, V.C, was mess president and all the servants wore white kid gloves ! The two silver 
' obelisks ' were on the table for the first time. . . . 

" Yours sincerely, 

" E. H. Clough Taylor." 



234 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS AprU 

will be appreciated : actually the 41st Division did return to France during 
March. 

Leaving all personnel surplus to 120 per company at Bosco di Nanto, 
the battalion marched to bivouacs near Rovolon on the i8th for a few days' 
training in mountain warfare. They practised field firing, night firing, and 
hill climbing. During these exercises there was a distressing bombing 
accident due to a moment of forgetfulness on the part of an instructor : 
two old and tried sergeants were killed and there were 14 casualties in all. 

The Battalion returned to Bosco di Nanto on the 21st, and four days 
later commenced to march to Grantorto ; to Quinte on the 27th ; to Villa- 
verla on the 28th ; to Thiene on the 29th ; and by Fiat lorries to Capriola, 
in the mountain area, on the 30th. They were then in the Asiago Plateau 
sector, where the 7th Division was taking over from the Italians. That 
evening our battalion relieved the 12th Durham Light Infantry at Ghelpac. 

Raids on the Asiago Plateau 

The 7th Division was to stay on the plateau until August, 4,000 feet 
above sea-level. It was an uncomfortable bit of line, as the heavy haul from 
the plain deprived troops of all that was not absolutely necessary, and the 
altitude made it very cold ; there were plenty of trees, however, to provide 
them with fuel. And life in the rigorous climate was not made more 
bearable b}^ the news from France. 

The Ghelpac was a deep, narrow ravine and the front line was on the edge 
of it : the Plateau opens out into a wide saucer-like shape about 1 1 miles 
to the east. Snow was still lying on the ground and the battalion took over 
alpenstocks and ice-grips ! 

On the 7th April our battalion led off with the first of a series of raids 
made by the 7th Division. Particulars are meagre. Two parties from 
D Company, led by Captain D. B. Anthony and 2nd Lieutenant L. C. 
Phillips, entered the enemy trenches near Ambrosini — a much-battered 
house in the Austrian lines — inflicted casualties estimated at 17 killed or 
wounded, and returned with one prisoner of the 1 7th Infantry Regiment, 
Kronprinz 6th Division. Captain Anthony and 2nd Lieutenant L. C. 
Phillips were slightly wounded, but remained at duty ; one other rank was 
missing, but rejoined three days later. 

The next day the battalion was relieved and marched back to huts on 
M. Brusabo. 

A similar sort of raid, but with artillery support, was made on the 3rd 
May by A Company. Ambrosini was again the point chosen. " No Man's 
Land " was fairly wide, and unfortunately, while getting to their selected 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 235 

jumping-off spot, the company was seen by the enemy, who opened heavy 
rifle and machme-gun fire. It was not yet Zero hour. The company was 
suffering casualties — the situation was distinctly unpleasant. One reads 
the cold, unadorned entry in the Brigade Diary with gratification : " As 
it was not yet Zero time they charged, and the enemy retired 1 " The 
soldierly spirit and bearing of the ist Battalion were remarkable. 

The raid yielded one Austrian officer and two other ranks. Our own 
casualties were, in comparison, heavy : 7 killed, i died of wounds, 12 
wounded, and 2 missing. 2nd Lieutenant C. H. Lloyd Edwards was 
amongst the wounded, also Lieutenant-Colonel Holmes, but he, luckily, 
only slightly, so that he stayed at duty. 

After this affair the battalion moved on the 4th to billets at S. Dona on 
the plains. They were in reserve and support during the rest of the month 
of May ; and then the division came out of the line and our battalion went 
into camp at Beregana until the nth June, when they moved to camp at 
Monte di Grumo. The weather was fine,^ and it proved to be a real rest, 
disturbed once only, on the 15th June, when the division stood to during 
an attack on the 48th Division ; the 91st Brigade was hurried up on to the 
plateau, but the other two brigades did not move. An attack on the 
Val d'Assa was practised during the month. 

On the 24th June our battalion relieved the 5th Gloucestershire at 
M. Pau, and on the 25th the 5th Warwickshire at Busibollo ; thence into 
the Cesuna Switch to work on dugouts and wire. 

The month of July was peaceful. The moves during the first half of 
the month were to Magnaboschi, 4th ; Serona, 9th ; huts at Carriola, 19th ; 
and on the 20th into the front line to relieve the ist Staffordshire Regiment. 

A raid was discussed and prepared. Early in August prisoners stated 
that the enemy was withdrawing to the Val d'Assa-Camporovere line, 
and to test this statement raids were ordered on the British, French, and 
Italian fronts, starting with ten raids on the British front on the night 
8th/9th August. The arrangements already made for our raid were adhered 
to, but slightly enlarged. 

There were some interesting details in the divisional preparations made 
for the four raids lettered A, B, C, and D. It was decided, as there was no 
moon, to use searchlights, and experiments carried out on the nights of the 
6th and 7th showed that if the lights were directed over the heads of the 
attacking troops, the downward glow would enable them to see without being 
seen. One light on M. Lemerle was, therefore, directed on the barracks at 
Interrotto, the other, from Buco di Cesuna, on Orato Spilleche ; and officers 

1 The troops had khaki drill and helmets issued. 



236 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Aug. 

were detailed to see that one or other of the Hghts was constantly shining. 
The raiding parties were to remain within the enemy lines for two hours, 
and the signal for withdrawal was to be a beacon fire lighted on the top of 
M. Lemerle ; the fire would also serve to guide the raiders on their return, 
and was to burn for half an hour. 

The artillery was to fire on a normal plan until Zero hour, which was 
midnight, when a " crash " of three rounds gun-fire was to be put down on 
all four points to be raided. 

Most of the wire had already been cut by the artillery, although a little 
trimming was required on A raid front, which was ours, and on C raid front. 

Our area included part of Manchester Trench, the Railway Cutting, 
and the Quarry — a rough triangle with a depth of about 500 yards. 
Two companies were used, one to occupy a line north-east of the Railway 
Cutting, the other to mop up Manchester Trench, the Quarry, and the 
intervening ground. 

The objective was approached by Vaister Spur, a long convex-shaped 
spur along which our patrols had found no difficulty in working up to the 
enemy's wire. On the evening of the 8th, at dusk, a patrol of i N.C.O. and 
16 men was sent out with instructions to patrol " No Man's Land " in front 
of the area to be raided, to cover the forming up of the raiding party, and 
to send back accurate information of the enemy's attitude. 

The raiding party was formed up on Vaister Spur fifteen minutes before 
zero. A few shots were heard on the left flank, but nothing developed from 
that direction. At midnight the crash of artillery came down on the enemy's 
front line. 

The reflected light from the searchlight beam was of the greatest 
assistance, and although the companies did not strike the gaps in the wire 
at once, our men were in Manchester Trench two minutes after Zero. 

The enemy stood, but their fire was wild. Everything went " according 
to plan " : the line north-east of the Railway Cutting was occupied, the 
Quarry and the intervening ground mopped up. In the Quarry, 9 Austrians 
with a machine gun and a trench mortar were captured by an officer with 
one man ; but B Company found a communication trench from the Quarry 
to the front line in which were concrete dugouts containing a whole company 
— 3 Austrian officers and 1 1 5 other ranks were quickly rounded up, 5 
wounded men were picked up later. 

The order was to remain in the enemy's line for two hours. One hour 
and a half had passed before any counter-attack developed — it came from 
Little Spur and Post Spur, and was easily broken by rifle fire. 

And then the beacon fire on M. Lemerle flared up and the companies 



1918 



THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA: ITALY 



23: 



Camporovere 

The raiding party formed up 
on "Vhisrer 5pur. Thedomward 
Qlov 0/ searchlights enabled thf 
attacking troops to 5ee. 



withdrew, taking with them their prisoners, 3 machine guns, 3 trench 
mortars, i searchhght, and 7 mules. It was estimated that about 50 of the 
enemy were killed. 

Our casualties were Lieutenant Kenyon and 5 other ranks wounded ; 
I other rank killed and missing. 

All four raids had been successful, but the " bag " of the Royal Welch 
headed the list. H.R.H. the Prince of Wales called in person on Battalion 
Headquarters at 9 o'clock 
next morning to con- 
gratulate the battalion. 
This was the last raid on 
the Asiago Plateau. The 
division was relieved and 
went into G.H.Q. reserve, 
in the Cornedo area. 

The Earl of Cavan's 
despatch dated the 14th 
September covers this 
period. He assumed com- 
mand on the return of 
Sir Herbert Plumer to 
France on the loth March, 
and he points out that the 
situation on that date 
" was very different from 
that which had faced Sir 
Herbert Plumer on his 
arrival in this country. 
Four months of rest and 
quiet had given ample 
time to re-form those 
Italian units which had 
suffered severely in the fighting of October and November 191 7. . . . All 
ranks were looking with confidence and resolution to the campaign of 191 8." 

The Battle of Vittorio Veneto, 24TH October-4th November 191 8. 

Iti his next despatch, dated 1 5th November, Lord Cavan refers to the 
improbability in September of any offensive action being undertaken in 
Italy in the near future, and to a consequent decision to assist France with 
some or all of the troops in Italy. " In accordance with this idea the 7th, 




loooyardi 



238 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

23rd, and 48th Divisions were reduced from 13 to 10 battalions, and the 
9 battalions thus released were dispatched to France on the 13th and 
14th September. The 7th Division was already at rest, and it was intended 
to dispatch this division as soon as a battle-worn division should arrive 
from France to replace it." The latter proposal did not, however, come 
to anj^thing. The battalions that left were the 9th Devonshire and the 
20th and 2 1 St Manchester Regiments. 

The whole of the month of September was spent in training at Cornedo : 
the billets were excellent and the surrounding country delightful. On the 
5th October our battalion marched to Monteviale, where they were under 
orders to move at short notice. 

We must turn to Major Alston's account. 

" The division had been enjoying itself for a long spell in good rest- 
billets. Our move to France was imminent in relief of a tired division 
from there, and our opposite numbers had actually arrived to reconnoitre 
the line and billets. On this day (ist October) the return to France was 
cancelled. 

" Even so we did not expect that we were to fight a battle in Italy. 
The offensive across Val d'Assa or the Asiago Plateau had been on and off 
so regularly during the summer, and now the season was getting late. 

" However, the division was put at short notice to move in battle order, 
and at the same time field days were planned, the schemes for which were 
all exercises in moving warfare. 

" On the 1 2th October a brigade field day was ordered. The battalion 
was to do advance guard, which meant a five-mile march to the starting- 
point. The exercise had just commenced when all troops were ordered 
back to billets to pack up on arrival and prepare to march at once. Detailed 
orders would follow. 

" We reached billets at 11.30 a.m. simultaneously with the arrival of 
entraining orders. At 3 p.m. the battalion, who had already marched some 
ten miles, started on their thirteen-mile march to Villaserla. Packing up 
and giving everyone a meal in the meantime had been a strenuous effort. 

" The entraining station, a long open siding, was reached at 6.30 p.m. 
A drizzling rain had been falling throughout the latter part of the march ; 
there were no trains waiting for us, and we had to remain on that wretched 
siding until 11.30 p.m., when we were able to entrain. A hard day for 
everyone. 

" At 3 a.m. the train left. The greatest secrecy had been observed 
and we had no idea of our destination." 

Lord Cavan himself did not go to Comando Supremo until the 6th 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 239 

October, and he says that at this interview General Diaz offered him com- 
mand of a mixed Italian-British Army with a view to undertaking offensive 
operations at an earl}' date. Secrecy was vital, and in order to make as 
little change as possible General Diaz suggested that the 48th Division 
should remain in position on the Asiago Plateau under the temporary 
command of General Pennella, commanding the XII Italian Corps. 

General Diaz explained his plan at a conference on the 1 3th. The main 
attack was to advance across the Piave with the Tenth, Eighth, and Twelfth 
Italian armies, to drive a wedge between the Fifth and Sixth Austrian 
Armies, forcing the Fifth Austrian Army eastwards and threatening the 
communications of the Sixth Austrian Army through the Valmarino Valley. 
At the same time the Fourth Italian Army was to take the offensive in the 
Grappa sector. 

The task allotted to the Tenth Army was to reach the Livenza between 
Portobuflfole and Sacile, and thus protect the flank of the Eighth and Twelfth 
Armies in their move northwards. 

The Tenth Army was at first to consist of the XI Italian and the XIV 
British Corps. The XIV British Corps was to concentrate in the Treviso 
area on the i6th October. 

The problem of crossing the Piave, which the Tenth Army had to face, 
was not an easy one. The river, dotted with islands, was about one and a 
half miles across. The current in the main channel was ten miles per hour. 
The enemy held the Grave di Papadopoli, the principal island, as an 
advanced post, and it was decided that this island must be occupied as a 
preliminary step to a general advance. 

Our battalion detrained at Istrana at 9 a.m. on the 13th and marched 
to Preganziol. On the i6th they took over billets from the 8th Devonshire 
at S. Lazzaro. 

No one had any idea of what was afoot, and all were content to assume 
that they were to take over a portion of the line from the Italians. But 
on the 17th " the battalion was marched to the River Sacile and practised 
embarkation in small boats, being ferried across that fast-running stream 
by Italian boatmen. A pointer at last ! 

" That evening a very sudden brigade conference of Commanding 
Officers was called, and the attack on the Grave di Papadopoli, an island 
in the Piave, was ordered and objectives roughly outlined. At this time 
the Brigade Commander [Steele] contemplated using the 2nd H.A.C.only." 

On the 19th the battalion marched to the Catena area, and the next day 
took over from the 1 2 ist Regiment, 37th Italian Division, B and D Companies 
in the front line, A and C in support. 



240 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

" The handing over had its amusing side. The ItaHans held their line 
with their men almost shoulder to shoulder, according to our views, and with 
a large number of machine guns in the line. Further, our idea of handing 
over the responsibility for areas to be manned, broadly speaking, as the 
relieving units thought best, did not come into their scheme of things. 
Their equivalent of our platoon commander, or machine-gun sergeant, 
would not consider themselves relieved except there arrived a relieving 
party of equal strength in men and weapons to their own. As our numbers 
were considerably less than half of theirs, such a relief was manifestly 
impossible, and a good deal of persuasion and some stratagems were used in 
order to satisfy their requirements. 

" There is an authenticated tale of one of the Divisional Machine-gun 
Battalion Officers, who started from one flank of his front with a gun and 
team, and moving from post to post relieved each Italian gun in turn with 
the same team. Our Allies having evacuated the front line, this officer 
was then free to make his own dispositions. 

" The Italian officers were very hospitable and friendly. Their 
Regimental Commander was convinced that our attack would be successful. 
French, English, and schoolboy's Latin, the last written on account of 
the difference in pronunciation, were our means of talking to each other. 
The sum-total of the knowledge that both sides had of these three languages 
was minute, but the results were satisfactory. 

" A further brigade conference had been held on this day (20th), and 
it was still intended that the 2nd H.A.C. should be ferried across the river 
for a frontal attack." 

On the 2 1 St the i ith West Yorkshire took over from C and D Companies, 
who moved to the right of A and B and relieved the two left companies of 
the 2nd Royal Warwickshire. (Alston.) 

"At 12 noon it was notified that the attack would be carried out ' at 
a time and place to be notified later,' and at 12.30 p.m. the Brigade Com- 
mander informed the Commanding Officer (Alston) that the ist R.W.F. 
would take part in the attack also, each battalion attacking with three 
companies." 

Passage of the Piave, 2 3RD October-4th November. 

" It would be best to explain the nature of the operation now. 

" The intended battle front extended from the Asiago Plateau to the 
sea near Venice. Lord Cavan had been given the command of the Tenth 
Army, and he was to attack across the middle Piave. The XIV Corps, under 




MONJii cavali-:tto, asiac.o 1'Lati;au, 



[Crown Coinjriijhl. 




Tiu;\(;iii;s on jiii-; hank oi- riii-; I'lvvt:. 



ICrnii'ii ('.iii>!iriiihl. 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 241 

Sir Francis Babington, was to cross the riv^er between Palazzon and Salettuol 
with the 7th and 23rd Divisions. 

" On the 7th Division front the river was from a mile to a mile and a 
half broad, and in the middle was the Grave di Papadopoli, a large island 
held by the enemy as an outpost, separated from our shore by the main 
stream of the river, but from the Austrian shore by small fordable streams 
only. 

" The river itself is peculiar compared with the rivers of northern 
Europe. It consists of a broad shingle bed down which many small streams 
wander, and also one larger stream, the main one, which will run at a faster 
rate through the deep channel it has cut itself. To make the system even 
more confused, this main stream itself will often fork, flowing as two streams 
for a mile or two, and then again rejoining as one. The system is liable to 
heavy and sudden floods, and the deep channels change their course fre- 
quently as a result of the floods. 

" Though surveyed, the maps showing the river system were quite 
inadequate in furnishing any useful information, and this is not to be 
wondered at. 

" The country on both banks is particularly difficult, consisting of 
low-lying stretches of land covered with dense scrub, and at this time of 
year we could find no recognisable landmarks or roads. This description 
applies to the island of Papadopoli also. 

" The Italians had prepared their defence in three lines, the first on 
the water's edge, then the second line, and finally along a high bank built 
to contain the river when in flood — this was called the Bund. 

" There was also a similar Bund on the enemy side, and it was clear 
that they held their front in a similar manner. 

" From our side, observation on to the enemy's line was impossible, 
and this defect laid a difficult and anxious task on us all as we made our 
reconnaissances and plans for the attack. 

' ' There w^ere tw'o suitable points for crossing. 

" I. One from near Salettuol across an island called Veneto, near our 
bank, and thence across the main stream. 

"2. Across another island on our side called Cosenza, thence across the 
main stream to a beach at the western end of the Papadopoli called Lido. 
" At this time, although not in actual spate, the river system was filling, 
and the main streams were flowing at a sufficiently rapid rate to cause 
anxiety to the corps of Italian boatmen who were to ferry us across. 
They also feared that instead of the river abating, its flood conditions 
would become worse. 
IV — 16 



242 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

" The island of Papadopoli itself is some three miles long, and varies in 
breadth from 200 3'ards at the north-west corner to some 2,000 yards in 
the centre. The eastern half of the island had been cultivated, but the rest 
was a mere low-l3ang swamp. In the centre of the island was a fosse 
varjdng from three to ten feet deep, and ten wide, which was afterwards a 
useful means of communication and came to be called the Fosse. The whole 
of the island was perfectly flat and densely covered with scrub. It appeared 
to be held in two main lines : the front line, well wired, w^as to the edge, 
and the support line along the centre of the island. The stream on the 
northern side, besides being bridged by numerous foot-bridges, was also 
fordable, so that it was practically part of the mainland. ^ 

" The operation was to consist of a frontal attack on a two-battalion 
front, the 2nd H.A.C. to be on the right. 

" [On the 22nd] the Italian boatmen required a postponement of twenty- 
four hours to allow the river to subside. Still maintaining the decision to 
hide the arrival of the British on the front [Orders were issued that all troops 
visible to the enemy should wear Italian uniform, and that no British gun should 
fire a single shot previous to the general bombardmenf], the British guns were in 
position and were being calibrated by a Royal Engineer survey party, 
but the attack w^as to be a surprise one and no artillery support would be 
given. 

" The next twenty-four hours, day and night, were spent in reconnais- 
sances, searching the island by day from every conceivable point, hoping 
without success to get observation on it — by night mostly in the stream 
itself, sounding for fords on to Veneto island. 

" On this day Lieutenant-Colonel Holmes rejoined from leave, only to 
go into hospital with pneumonia immediately afterwards. 

" There was fairly heavy gas shelling, mostly lachrymatory, on Maser- 
ada, the site of the memorial to the 7th Division, at that time a fairly 
congested traffic junction for wheeled transport." (Alston.) 

It was now the 23rd. Operation Orders for the frontal attack had 
already been typed when Company Commanders were called to a conference. 
The Orders were to be modified, the direction of the attack changed. The 
objective, the Grave di Papadopoli, was to be attacked from the north, 
that is, the Cosenza crossing was to be used instead of the Veneto, and Lido 
was to be the place of disembarkation. 

" [Between the Lido and Cosenza] was a known shallow. After dark 
Captain Odini would reconnoitre this previous to starting the ferry service. 

1 Until the night of the 25th/26th October, all attempts at bridging the Piave between the right 
bank and the Grave di Papadopoli failed, owing to the strength of the current. 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 243 

He would decide either that we should jump out and drag our boats across 
the shoal, or to arrange a second fleet on the far side of the bank into which 
we should tranship. 

" The boats were flat-bottomed, rowed by two Italian watermen, 
gondolier fashion, and carried a complete section [of men]. They were 
under the command of Captain Odini, always known as ' the admiral,' who, 
with his men, won the highest admiration from British troops. 

" The new plan meant attacking the enemj^'s right flank, and seemed 
full of promise. It would now be carried out on a one-battalion frontage 
with the 2nd H.A.C. in the front line. 

" The change of embarkation point involved heavy work on the trans- 
port and the 2nd Ro3'al Warwickshire, who furnished all the carrying 
parties, as all dumps of ammunition and stores had to be moved about i J 
miles upstream ; and in addition the administrative orders, previously 
issued, were in course of execution. No easy task sorting out loads and 
transport in the dark on a congested road, and dispatching them to a fresh 
and unknown rendezvous. 

" Company Commanders received their orders ; nothing further to do 
except wait for Zero hour. The 2nd H.A.C. would cross first ; then A 
Company, under Captain R. M. Stevens, would embark in support of the 
H.A.C, covering their left rear as far as the inter-battalion boundary. 
Headquarters would follow. Then B Company, under Captain J. M. Davies, 
and then D Compan}-, under Captain D. B. Anthony. The advance from 
the landing beach would be resumed by B Company, followed by D. 

" The boats could only ferr}^ one company at a time. B and D would 
be formed up on the Lido and dispatched to their task ; reaching their 
boundaries, they would hold the Austrian line facing north. 

" There was every chance of parts of the two regiments engaging each 
other in the dark ; as a precaution the R.W.F. wore deep white arm-bands, 
the Italian cloaks and helmets were to be discarded after dark. 

" At 7 p.m. Captain Odini and an officer of the H.A.C. reconnoitred 
the shoal opposite the Lido ; they discovered three main streams had to be 
crossed, separated by two sandbanks. Both the first two were unfordable ; 
the last stream was fordable. Boats would be dragged across the sandbanks 
separating the first two streams. 

" Their reconnaissance appeared to be unnoticed by the enemy. 

"■ The battalion closed up on to the front line on the water's edge. 
Meanwhile the H.A.C. embarkation was about to commence. 

" At 9.1 5 p.m. the enemy barrage crashed down on the Italian lines. It 
was found that Cosenza Island, although small, escaped most of the barrage, 



244 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

and the three companies were led on to it from the front-Hne trenches, 
which were receiving a hammering. They were disposed about the island 
and were practically untouched by shelling. 

" A beach master from each battalion was responsible for the regulation 
of the embarkation of the troops into the boats as they became available, 
and later for sending stores across. In this capacity Captain C. T. Davies 
embarked the battalion. As they lay about in parties in the scrub he sent 
his runners to guide them to their boats on the water's edge, and so well 
arranged were his preparations that the embarkation passed without a 
hitch. Lieutenant G. Bromley crossed with the battalion to carry out 
similar duties on the disembarkation shore. 

" The battalion embarkation began at 9.45 p.m. The foreshore and 
river-bed were being shelled heavily ; as heavy shells burst in the river they 
would lift large columns of water into the air, and in addition to splinters, 
stones and pebbles were thrown by the explosion. The Italian boatmen 
were working splendidly in two shifts, one remaining on the beach while 
the other made a journey. The embarkation was carried out in as quiet 
and orderly a manner as if on parade. The steadiness of the men was 
splendid, in spite of the shelling, and there was never any sign of confusion. 
At ten minutes past midnight the whole battalion had disembarked. 

" A Company had already moved in touch with the H.A.C. Head- 
quarters were established on the Lido beach. News was received that A 
Company was making progress. 

" At 1.50 a compan}^ of the West Yorkshire, from the 23rd Division, 
disembarked ; they occupied some old trenches on the Lido, thus covering 
the left rear of the new position when occupied, and protecting the disem- 
barkation beach. 

" At half-past two B Company reported progress but still fighting. 

" At 2.45 a.m. Battalion Headquarters moved to a forward site selected 
by the Scout Officer. The guides lost their way, and eventually Head- 
quarters returned to the beach. All this time a post on B Company's front 
was still holding out and causing trouble. A heavy fog had risen, which 
made progress more difficult than ever, and for some time there was a doubt 
whether in attacking this post B Company was not engaging our own side : 
this was now cleared up. 

" At 4.30 a.m. A Company had occupied their objective ; they were 
in touch with a company of the H.A.C, but the latter were out of touch 
with their Headquarters. 

" At 5 a.m. one machine gun and 52 prisoners from the H.A.C. and 
B Company arrived. 



1918 



THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 



245 



" By 5.10 the Scout Officer, Lieutenant D. M. John, had seen the Officer 
Commanding the H.A.C, whose right and rear companies were all right. 
He had got touch with our D Company, who were in touch with the 
H.A.C. : they had advanced some 600 yards beyond their objective. 

" At 6 a.m. B Company's situation cleared up. They had encountered 

Crossing the Ra\'c . 




numerous strong, isolated parties, and getting touch with A they were able 
between them to mop these up and had also driven some into the H.A.C. 
and vice versa. 

' " The battalion objectives were now definitely occupied, and more 
had been taken. The H.A.C. had been equally successful. 

" The fog was still very thick, visual signalling with Battalion Head- 
quarters was impossible, and the power buzzer we had taken across could 



246 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

not work over the river. Previous to crossing, bearings between the 
objectives and Brigade Headquarters had been measured off the map, 
and it was hoped that we might be able to resect back. An attempt was 
to be made to keep signal lamps burning on which to take our bearings. 
The fog stopped all this, but it had the advantage of allowing the ferry- 
service to be used in daylight, and a runner was sent back to Brigade 
Headquarters with the situation. Battalion Headquarters moved to B 
Company's Headquarters. 

" The battalion was now firmly established, with D Company holding 
an outpost line between Papadopoli and the mainland on the Isola di 
Francia. The shelling throughout the day was heavy and the river rising. 
We now expected to get news of the crossing of the 91st and 20th Brigades. 

" At 6.35 p.m. Lieutenant Abbott, Brigade Intelligence Officer, arrived 
with verbal orders that the 20th and 91st Brigades would cross the Piave 
and attack through the troops on the island, who would then follow them. 

" This had been an anxious day on the island, raining most of the day. 
The river was rising very rapidty, and we were now faced with the possibility 
of having our communications become more difficult than ever. But the 
rain had cleared the mist away to an extent and the two battalions were 
able to locate their positions with accuracy. Up to now this had been a 
matter of guesswork. 

" The enemy did not seem anxious to counter-attack, but he shelled 
very heavily and the Lido beach was under machine-gun fire all day." 

The dividing line between the 7th Division and the XI Italian Corps 
cut through the Grave di Papadopoli, and on the night 24th/2 5th the 
Italians attempted to capture the south-east end of the island, but failed. 

Also, owing to the downpour of rain and the rising of the river, the main 
attack, which had been ordered for 6.45 a.m. on the 25th, was cancelled. 
The river current was exceedingly swift and all attempts to build a bridge 
at Salettuol failed. 

" Major Macfarlane and Captain A. C. Cameron, both attached to the 
Divisional Staff, crossed in the night (24th/2 5th) ; they brought back news 
that the attack of the other two brigades had been postponed. Lieutenant- 
Colonel R. N. O'Connor, commanding the H.A.C., then took command of all 
the troops on the island. 

" At 10.45 p.m. C Company, under Lieutenant T. B. Edwards, and the 
remainder of Headquarters, under Regimental Sergeant-Major T. Hannon, 
crossed to the island. [They were to have crossed by bridge at Salettuol, but 
as this was impossible, they were marched to the Lido and ferried across."] One 
platoon was left in position to strengthen the defence of the Lido beach, 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 247 

undertaken by the West Yorkshire ; the remainder of the company came 
into Battahon Reserve. 

" At 10.20 a.m. (25th) an Austrian plane was shot down in flames by 
the battahon. It fell near three Austrian posts. Captains Stevens and 
Anthony and Lieutenant John over-impulsively rushed out to where the 
plane had fallen, whereupon about i 5 men ran out from the Austrian posts ; 
of these they captured 3 and wounded i, the remainder running away. 
The airmen had been killed by the fall of their machine. 

" We were told that we could call for artillery support in cases of great 
urgency. It is worth noting that not one round had so far been fired by 
our own or the Italian artillery in support of the two battalions. In point 
of fact this artillery support was never called for. 

" At 5 p.m. Captain G. Camberledge arrived after a dangerous crossing, 
and there was a conference at the H.A.C. Headquarters. The remainder 
of the island had to be cleared that night in order to allow the 37th Italian 
Division to come through and form on the right of the 7th Division for the 
attack on the enemy's main line. The battalion should have carried out 
this attack, but the task of reconnaissance and re-forming could not possibly 
have been carried out in the short hours of daylight left, while the H.A.C, 
who had been on this ground for two days in touch with the enemy, would be 
fighting on ground fairly well known to them and, being on the spot, could 
start their preparations at once. A Company of the battalion were to move 
behind the H.A.C. covering their left rear, and dropping posts to garrison 
the north side of the island, and the battalion would extend their front to 
free the H.A.C, a matter of two kilometres. 

" At 5.30 p.m. the Brigade Commander himself arrived [Steele]. He 
had had a most difficult crossing, had been slightly stunned by a machine- 
gun bullet, which had struck his helmet in front and passed out behind, and, 
of his two boatmen, one was wounded and the other jumped overboard. 
A second attempt to cross was successful. He announced that the 2nd 
Royal Warwickshire were crossing to relieve the battalion, freeing them to 
take over the H.A.C. front and hold it in strength. The battalion front 
after the relief was to be held with B and D Companies in the front line and 
C Company in reserve. 

" At 9 p.m. the H.A.C. attack started. For some half-hour previous to 
this the Austrian shelling had recommenced as heavily as ever." 

The attack was successful and resulted in the capture of some 300 
prisoners. 

" By 4.30 a.m. (26th) the Warwickshire were beginning to arrive. 
At 5.30 a.m. both battalions [H.A.C. and RAV.F.] were counter-attacked. 



248 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS Oct. 

The relief by the Warwickshire had been completed twenty minutes 
earlier. 

" The counter-attack was on D Company's front — very near to their 
junction with the posts dropped by A Company as they moved forward 
with the H.A.C. — and extended on to B Company's front. B and D 
Companies stopped the attack completely — it lasted for about forty minutes. 
An Austrian officer was captured in whose boot a reasonably accurate 
map of our position w^as found. The H.A.C. were equally successful in 
beating off the attack made on them. [It was a very determined counter- 
attack, accompanied by an intense barrage on the island itself. Again some 
300 prisoners were left in our hands.^ 

" By daylight the H.A.C. situation was clear. The whole of the island 
had been captured. To sum up, the operation, consisting of two night 
attacks unsupported by artillery, had been successful." (Alston.) 

On this three-mile front the main channel of the Piave was now behind 
the 7th Division and the 37th Italian Division — all was ready for the major 
attack. Not a single gun had fired and the artillery kept silent until 
11.30 p.m. on the 26th, when the bombardment of the whole enemy front 
commenced. 

During the day a footbridge had been completed at Salettuol, under 
cover of a thick mist, an attempt the previous night having failed. A second 
footbridge was commenced after dark at Lido and was completed by 1 1 p.m. 

By 2 a.m. on the 27th the 20th and 91st Brigades had crossed to the 
island by the Salettuol bridge and were forming up to attack through the 
22nd Brigade. 

Zero hour was at 6.45 a.m., and the advance was met with moderate 
artillery fire but considerable resistance from the enemy infantry at certain 
spots. Although the main channel of the river was behind them, the 
assaulting troops still had several minor channels to wade through, with the 
water up to their waists and over ; and the enemy's wire had, in most 
places, to be cut by hand under active machine-gun fire. By nightfall the 
division had taken some 2,000 prisoners, a few guns, and were on the line 
Camminada-Tezze. 

There had been some difficulty on the right, the XI Italian Corps front, 
and also on the left, the VIII Italian Corps front, where the whole width of 
the Piave lay in front of the attacking troops, and consequently the advance 
of the British XIV Corps was restricted ; but the Bund on the enemy's 
side was in our hands. On the 23rd Division front a strong counter-attack 
recaptured the village of Borgo Malanotte, but a second assault secured the 
place with the enemy garrison. 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA : ITALY 



249 



The Piave still hindered the general advance, and on the left of Lord 
Cavan's Army the Eighth Italian Army, although they had succeeded in 
landing on the opposite bank, found the current so strong that their bridging 
operations failed. Comando Supremo therefore allotted their XVIII Corps 
to Lord Cavan, so that he could pass it over the British bridges. Needless 
to say the British bridges were terribly congested. The conversion of the 
footbridge at Salettuol into a medium pontoon bridge was at first successful, 
but later the whole bridge broke away ; the new bridge was only open to 
traffic on the evening of the 28th. In spite of these difficulties, one brigade 
of the Italian 56th Division and one regiment of the Italian 33rd Division 
were passsed over to the left bank during the afternoon. 

Our left flank being refused, the brigade from the 56th Italian Division 
commenced the advance at 9 a.m. on the 28th, while the XIV Corps, 
moving in conjunction with them, only commenced to advance at 12.30 
p.m. There was not much opposition, and by nightfall the 7th Division 
were on the line Raivazzola, with patrols well in front. 

On that day Major Alston, commanding our battalion, had to go to 
hospital, and Captain E. G. Hawes assumed command. The battalion 
billeted at S. Michele Piave. 

The Pursuit. 

From reports of the fighting it became evident that the enemy's 
resistance was slackening ; but it was established that he held the line of 
the Montecano River with strong detachments of machine guns. 

Our 22nd Brigade was ordered on the 29th to march to Fontanella, 
but the advance of the 20th and 91st Brigades was slower than was expected, 
and orders were soon issued to halt at a point south of Vazzola, The 
Montecano line had held up the 20th Brigade, and the 91st, although they 
had succeeded in crossing the river, had heavy fighting in Cimetta, which 
changed hands several times in the course of the day. The whole corps 
were, however, across the river by nightfall. 

The orders for the 30th were that the 22nd Brigade should pass through 
the 91st at 9 a.m. and attack, with the 20th Brigade in support ; the 91st 
were to rest and follow in reserve. The final objective for the day was given 
as the River Livenza. But at 7.45 a.m. the Brigadier commanding the 
91st Brigade found that the enemy was retiring on his front, and he at once 
followed them up. 

The 22nd Brigade were not far behind. With our battalion on the 
right and the Warwickshire on the left, the brigade pushed forward and 
passed through the 91st. The Corps Mounted Troops went out beyond. 



250 



RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 



Nov. 



" From this moment," says Lord Cavan, " the defeat became a rout." 
Still, a few enem}^ machine guns and light field guns remained on the left 
bank of the Livenza. 

The advance up to this point had been a very exhausting affair, and, 
owing to the bridging difficulties, and the congestion on such bridges as the 
XIV Corps had constructed being occasioned by Italian infantry divisions 
and cavalr}', our troops had been on short rations. It was a relief to find no 




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orders for the 31st October while preparations were made for bridging the 
Livenza River. And the orders for the ist November were to establish 
bridgeheads but not to make a prolonged advance. On our battalion front 
patrols from C Company had crossed during the night, using the debris of 
the bridge at Brugnera ; they reported that the left bank was clear of the 
enemy. Patrols from A, B, and D Companies then crossed. The battalion 
held the line of the road Odorico-Tamai. 

The next day the advance was continued with the 2nd Warwickshire 
as advance guard to the 22nd Brigade. By evening they were on the line 



1918 THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA: ITALY 251 

of the Meduna River, from Pordenone to Cordenons, and in touch on each 
flank. 

Some delay was caused in establishing bridgeheads over the Taglia- 
mento on the 3rd. The advance had been taken up by the H.A.C. when the 
General Officer Commanding the 4th Italian Cavalry Division requested 
the 22nd Infantry Brigade to remain on the west bank of the Tagliamento, 
as an armistice had been declared. As a result of this, a battalion was not 
passed over the river until the evening, and was then withdrawn. Our 
battalion went into billets at Pastoncicco. At 2 a.m. on the 4th a message 
arrived at Brigade Headquarters to the effect that no armistice had been 
signed. An officer's patrol was sent across the river, and at 7.30 a.m. the 
battalion commenced to cross. No opposition was encountered, and by 
9 a.m. they were on the line Turrida-Rivis, where they reorganised 
for an advance on the Pantianicco-S. Lorenzo line. 

The situation was most peculiar at this time, as the Austrians were 
protesting that an armistice had been signed, and that they should not be 
called upon to surrender. Lieutenant J. C. L. Edwards entered Turrida 
with a patrol and found some 200 Austrians had dumped down their arms ; 
he took them prisoners. 

At 10 a.m. the Commanding Officer w^as informed that an armistice 
had actually been signed which would come into force at 3 p.m., and that all 
territory occupied at that hour would be held, but no further advance would 
take place. All enemy troops taken before that hour would be prisoners 
of war ; after 3 p.m. the enemy would withdraw at least three kilometres 
from the line held by the battalion. 

Operations ceased on the line Romano-Coseanetto. 

Curiously enough, the 48th Division, which had been left on the Asiago 
Plateau, with the Sixth Italian Army, reached Vezzena on the 2nd November 
and, Lord Cavan claims, " was therefore the first British division to enter 
enemy territory on the Western Front." 

Almost at once the 7th Division was withdrawn. On the 6th our 
Battalion was in billets at Provesano, where Major Alston rejoined from 
hospital ; on the 8th at Rorai Piccolo ; on the 9th at Orsago ; on the loth 
at Vazzola ; on the nth at Breda di Piave. The battalion was actually 
halted, the normal halt on the march, in the centre of the River Piave, on 
Palazzo Bridge, when Brigadier-General Steele informed Major Alston that 
Germany had accepted the terms of the armistice. On the 1 3th the battalion 
moved by train from Treviso to Montechio Maggiore. 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 

No one has yet laid bare the soul of the soldier, the representative soldier 
who fought in the Great War. Books have been written, pla3's have been 
performed, and picture-stories have been unreeled in cinema houses, but 
no one has succeeded in showing the intense fortitude, the incredible courage, 
of those millions of civilians who became soldiers for the period of the War. 
Most wTiters seek to interest and gain the sympathy of readers and audiences 
with the portrayal of a coward or a nerve-racked man ; the cinema hero 
is merely ludicrous. The individual soldier was, maybe, a lout with no 
more than brute intelligence and feeling, or he might have been a sensitive 
lad engaged in some artistic profession to which he was drawn by an innate 
love of beauty — all sorts came together in a platoon, and the platoons made 
companies, battalions, divisions, the Army that fought. Neither nerves 
nor cowardice were the outstanding features of this great adventure, but 
the rare exceptions which are most hideous to recall. Death, mutilation, 
fear ? These things do not come first in war memories — but the men do ! 
There is something akin to a great love for the men, and it is they who 
spring foremost to the mind. 

Those philosophical sentries who stood in the fierce heat of a semi- 
tropical sun or the drenching downpour of icy rain ; those calm figures 
sitting round a brazier, with its choking fumes, or stripped to lie naked in a 
patch of shade ; those cursing, sweating men, staggering under loads which 
they carried over incredible ways ; those gallant, stumbling, but tenacious 
men who advanced over the open at Zero hour ; those men who chose to 
sing songs at most inappropriate moments, were dumb when they might 
well have spoken, and chattered when they should have been silent as the 
grave ! When old soldiers gather together it is of them they speak, recalling 
their jokes, their opinions, their faults and qualities ; and they say of the 
War that it was a damned good time ! 

It is only natural that certain scenes should have impressed themselves 
indelibly on the mind : certain battlefields with the dead lying thick in 
strange attitudes, and amongst them the bodies of friends 1 But to the 
great majority of men such sights were not horrible — onl}- small things are 
horrible — they were too impressive, too big ; there was an awesome 

255 



256 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

grandeur, the fate of man in the immobility of that army of fallen : it was 
as though the Creator's secret had been approached — something seen but 
not understood. 

But the thought that passes in a soldier's mind gives no indication 
of his action, his strength, his sacrifice, and his sense of right towards a 
comrade, his self-control and determination ; and this applies as much to a 
single orderly with a message as to a company relieving another company. 

A brave officer, mentioned several times for his gallantry in a regiment 
of men who were all gallant, takes a young friend, lately joined, for a walk 
after tea : 

" I wanted to get him accustomed to the unpleasant sights, which 
seemed to upset him less than I expected. There were a lot of yesterday's 
dead lying in front of the trenches — to-day's attacking troops were a little 
way down the far slope. The dead lay there in all their equipment, most 
of them shot in the head. When Casson was at Winchester he did not 
anticipate that he would be walking about on a fine April evening among a 
lot of dead men. It struck me as unnatural at the moment, probably 
because the stretcher-bearers had been identifying the bodies and had 
arranged them in seemly attitudes, their heads pillowed on their haversacks. 

" Young Casson was trying to behave as though it was all quite ordin- 
ary ; he was having his first look at the horrors of war. While we were on the 
hill there was a large explosion down by Fontaine Wood, as though a dump 
had been blown up. On our way home we stopped to inspect a Tank 
which had got stuck in the mud while crossing a wide trench. But I was 
thinking to myself that sensitive people like Casson ought not to be taken 
to battlefields. I had grown accustomed to such sights, but I was able to 
realise the impact they made on a fresh mind. Detached from the fighting, 
we had merely gone for a short walk after tea, so to speak, and I couldn't 
help feeling as if I had been showing Casson something obscene. Nine 
years afterwards the whole business has become incredible. Unfortunately 
young Casson is not alive to share my sense of the incredulity of that little 
evening walk." 

Such scenes were common enough, but they did not break the millions 
of civilian soldiers who saw them : how much longer they would have held 
one cannot say — the life, in which such scenes were incidents, was to so many 
a " damned good time " ! 

The gallantry of the Army inspired admiration, and the unselfishness of 
the soldier commanded affection. All lived near reality, saw it, and were 
not afraid. The teachings of civilisation which bid the young turn from 
blood, although it flows through their own veins, to affect disgust at the 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 257 

wonderful inner machinery of the human body although their own is similar, 
and to fear death although they will surely meet it to-day, did not exist on 
the battlefield. 

It may be said that death was not a horror to the soldier, but every 
one of them had sympathy and understanding for the maimed ; the handicap 
of physical disability is obvious, 

" The truth is that infantry soldiering in the battle-zone was an over- 
whelming physical experience. Such human elements as food, warmth, 
and sleep were the living realities, and it may not have occurred to many 
a writer of military histories that the weather was a more effective general 
than Foch, Haig, or Ludendorff. 

" A bad blister on a man's heel might be the only thing he remembered 
after a week of intense experience which added a battle honour to the colours 
of his regiment. For those whose active unit was company, platoon, or 
section, physical sensations predominated. Mental activity (detached from 
feet and belly) was strictly limited to gross physical actualities. Whatever 
exploits a fighting man might afterwards claim he had achieved, his achieve- 
ment could usually be recorded in a few short sentences. But how lifeless, 
how meagre and incomplete, that epitome would seem to one who understood 
but had not shared the experience, unless it was interwoven with those 
details of discomfort, so difficult to remember, which constitute the humanity 
of infantry soldiering ! If I were wearing a certain pair of wire-torn puttees 
and scraping the caked mud off them with a rusty entrenching tool, I should 
be able to remember quite a lot about the War ; as it is, the War emerges 
from its dugout in my subconscious memory as a very blurred personal 
experience of a time when I expected every day to be m}- last — a very 
ordinary infantry emotion." (Sassoon.) 

And yet it was perhaps the greatest surprise of the War for the civilian 
soldier to discover how much pain and discomfort his body could resist : 
the discovery gave him confidence in himself, although for the moment the 
discomfort claimed his whole attention and consciousness, so that he was 
unable to see and give even a credible story of adjacent action in battle. 

Sassoon, however, was a man of exceptional sensitive character, which 
seems to have led him more easily to pity than to admiration (generally 
speaking, the popular reaction to the War has turned from brave achieve- 
ment to sympathise with pitiful impotence), but his observation is keen and 
his accounts and descriptions particularly vivid. What he says of physical 
sensations is true enough, but all soldiers did not suffer from discomfort 
and minor ailments all the time — the note does not commence to reveal the 
private soldier. 
IV — 17 



258 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

The personal experience, which is so illuminating, is not easy to get. 
Power of expression was not a quality possessed by officers or men — indeed, 
in these records the fullness of the contributions from Dunn and Sassoon, 
and one or two others of the same unit, is detrimental to other battalions, 
whose records seem meagre in detail by comparison. Regimental records 
are the most fitting place for the intimate though restricted view of the battle, 
but to chronicle jokes whose points, if any, lie at the bottom of Palestine 
ravines, or stark statements such as that someone found a dozen bottles 
of beer, seems not worth while ; and yet these are the kind of subjects 
which make up the majority of letters from the front and the jottings in 
diaries. In itself this absence of comment is illuminating — it was not 
necessarily from a desire to spare the feelings of others. The sole record 
of some battalions is the cold official account of actions — an adavnce or 
failure to advance from one point to another. 

In the wdder view of regimental work it is w^ell for young officers and 
soldiers to realise that w'ar consists of success and failure, of difficulties, 
obstacles, disappointments in all directions, and that it is the spirit in which 
duties are undertaken and performed that makes for ultimate success. 
The regiment, swollen to 42 battalions, steered its way through four years 
of war. The highly trained Regular soldiers and Reservists dwindled in 
numbers ; inevitably the high standard of regimental training was reduced : 
it was the great difficulty that had to be met and dealt with — on one side 
attrition, on the other expansion. In spite of all efforts to preserve the 
integrity of the two Regular battalions, the War took its toll and the 
exigencies of the Service had to be met. 

What would have been said if in January 1914 a proposition had been 
made to raise the strength of the regiment to 42 battalions practicall}' within 
a year ? It would have seemed a mad project. There would have been 
gloomy forecasts of complete ruin, destruction of regimental spirit, the 
transformation of a highly trained and disciplined regiment into a mob ! 

The regiment was singularly fortunate in the number and quality of 
Regular, Reserve, and Retired officers and non-commissioned officers who 
served throughout the War : so much so that an examination of the records 
of battalions reveals no startling errors of leadership and training to note 
and guard against in future. The magnitude of the War and the conditions 
under which it was met might well lead one to expect a lack of quality in 
what were known as the Service battalions, those special battalions raised 
for the period of the War only. These records show that it was not the case. 

It would be idle to say that all battalions had an equally successful 
record, but it is not possible to compare the tasks and conditions of one 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 259 

battalion with those of another, so that in fact it is never a question of 
battahons, but of the regiment. This becomes evident from the scattering 
of Regular, Reserve, and Retired officers and non-commissioned officers 
throughout the regiment — they served in all battalions. There was 
grumbling — it is a well-known soldier's privilege to ease his humour in this 
manner — but the grumbles were invariably belied by results. The diffi- 
culties existed and the difficulties were surmounted — and that is the proud 
claim of the regiment. 

Some of the difficulties were formidable. Our ist Battalion emerged 
from the first Battles of Ypres less than 90 strong ; drafts arrived, and the 
battalion was built up to strength. In 1916 the same thing happened on 
the Somme, although drafts being immediately available it is not so apparent ; 
and in 191 7 the battalion was again shattered. In each case the names of 
certain officers and non-commissioned officers had cropped up in reports 
of patrols and raids to establish them as known and tried leaders of men, 
and in each case we find them in the fatal list of casualties. Gradually 
there seems to be no one left of the old battalion ^ ; their places can be filled, 
but how can the dash and tireless energy of Stockwell's men be replaced ? 
Holmes's men did the same. 

In 191 8 the 9th Battalion is practically destroyed on each of three 
successive occasions that it went into the line, only to rise from the fire of 
each battle as tough and unbreakable as before. 

The more complete records of the 2nd Battalion show" the colossal 
strain of steady depletion triumphantly met — a grip of steel — unshakable 
purpose ! 

The records of the loth and the 19th (Bantam) Battalions are noble 
epitaphs on their brief careers. 

None of these battalions can be said to have been exceptionally lucky — 
the tasks they were called upon to perform are truly appalling ; but there 
is an onward sweep without check in the record of their actions. On the 
other hand, the five Service battalions of the 38th Division, the three Terri- 
torial battalions of the 53rd Division, and the one Service battalion of the 
13th Division received staggering blows in their first engagements. They 
recovered. But here was another difficulty the Regiment had to meet 
and deal with — a psychological difficulty, a disaster as an opening experience 
of war. 

No parallel can be drawn between Mametz Wood and the first Battles 
of Ypres, or between any actions in France and those on the Gallipoli 

1 Two officers with continuous service in the ist Battalion were Captain E. C. Hawes as 
Company Commander, and Captain B. Reeves as Adjutant. They were untouched and unshaken. 



26o RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

Peninsula. Officers who were present at Mametz Wood, and who have 
contributed to these records, are all agreed that it was a bungled affair. 
It was not a baptism of fire, but a slaughter of inexperienced troops working 
under confused orders — and they lost their leaders in the holocaust. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel R. C. Bell, of the 15th Battalion, was the only commanding 
officer who came through untouched. 

The result of such a disastrous entry into war is frequently seen : the 
battalion, drawn from the same pool of men as others, remains without 
spirit, enterprise, or determination to do anything ; a vicious circle of 
depression moves from officers to men and from men to officers, and it 
seems beyond the power of man to arrest it : the breaking-up of the unit 
is the onl}^ remedy. The men are then found to be good and normal soldiers. 
The mystery is covered by that blessed word " psychology " 1 

In the case of these five battalions it is the psychology of the regiment 
that becomes a mystery. After a term of inaction — which in itself presents 
a grave danger of staleness — they swept over the Pilckem Ridge in the 
third Battle of Ypres, and never looked back. 

Gallipoli was a very different story, but it developed in the same way. 
After a year in Egypt the three battalions became the heroes of the first 
and third Battles of Gaza. Here, as in Mesopotamia, climatic conditions 
were often more trying than the inclement weather in Flanders and Northern 
France. 

Powell's diary is a most human document. By his account of his own 
sufferings and indomitable courage he reveals the true nature of the Mesopo- 
tamian campaign. Here we come back to the physical condition — nothing 
is more depressing and exhausting than diarrhoea and kindred ailments. 
" The men still seem feeble and weak, and slow on their pins. I hope they 
will come up to the scratch all right," he wrote. And the men did come up 
to the scratch. 

There was yet another ailment that visited troops in all climates and 
was officially recognised — war weariness. On the top of all others this was 
an anxious trouble. The strain of living under fire had, no doubt, much 
to do with it, but perhaps the chief cause was the enforced circumstances of 
life, which were easy but led to a gradual loss of personal care and pride. 
It was a fatal lethargy of body and mind that brought about a disregard 
and neglect of duty that was perilous. It affected the bravest, the iron- 
nerved. The official cure was a few weeks' leave, perhaps to England ; 
but the strain of fighting it was really on the company officers. 

After all, the front-line trench was a ditch, and would carry out the 
natural draining functions of a ditch. However well tended, it was a dirty 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 261 

place. The soldier lived in a ditch, and that is all to be said of it ; there 
are none of the amenities of home life in a ditch. Dugouts were also crude, 
dirty habitations. 

The support line was a ditch with dugouts, or maybe shelter was 
obtainable in a ruin. In reserve, billets might be tolerable. 

Personal baggage was, naturally, whittled down to a minimum, the 
most important articles of which were a bit of soap and a razor. 

The soldier sat on the earth, slept on it, became well acquainted with 
it. For days he was forbidden even to remove his boots, so that he might 
be ready to rise on the instant and fight. All delicate and decent convention 
was abolished. Body-lice abounded. He found it impossible to keep 
himself clean and smart. He became accustomed and indifferent to dirt, 
which was on his clothes and body, in his food and drink. If left to himself, 
the soldier lost all self-respect rapidly. 

And the same influence was at work on the company officer. A tired 
officer had to goad himself at times to wash and shave in a cup of water, 
especially after several days of wallowing in mud. It seemed so inadequate, 
such a vain and useless pretence 1 

It was an easy life, as easy as that of a tramp who sleeps under a hedge. 
Feeding was easy. It was somebody's duty to dump food at a certain spot, 
and the soldier went and fetched it. He cut the meat into small pieces, 
threw them in a tin with a little water, and set them over a fire to stew. 
His tea was made in another tin — or perhaps in the same one as the stew. 
The company cooks had the field equipment, but the principle of cooking 
was much the same, whether done in bulk or by the individual. The soldier 
then sat on the ground to eat his stew and drink his tea. If he had nothing 
else to do, he lay down and slept, like a tramp under a hedge. 

The strain of keeping a battalion up to the mark in cleanliness and 
smartness was as great as any in the War. Circumstances were always 
forcing the men back into a state of dirt. When in the line the first and 
principal duty of a soldier was to keep his rifle clean — nothing else really 
mattered. If water was plentiful, he was expected to shave ; if scarce, 
shaving was omitted. 

The moment a company left the line there was a "clean-up," a scraping 
of mud from uniforms and polishing of buttons — the men had only one 
uniform. Every effort was made to give them baths and clean underclothing 
(under favourable circumstances once a fortnight). A travelling oven, a 
" de-lousing machine," dealt with the cast-off underclothing, which was 
then passed to the laundry. At the beginning of the War the ist and 2nd 
Battalions instituted laundries of their own, but later the laundry became a 



262 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

divisional organisation. The opportunity of de-lousing the men's uniforms 
was so rare it can be ignored, although some battalions carried ordinary 
household flat-irons for that purpose. In any case, when washed and 
provided with clean underclothing the man returned to a shed or room which 
was invariably infested with lice, and so back to the mud, dust, and stench 
of the ditch. 

The efforts to keep billets clean were restricted to picking up bits of 
paper, cigarette ends, and food. It was occasionally possible to improvise 
a broom, but the floors of rooms could not be scrubbed, and the majority 
of billets were floorless barns. Grease and bits of food thrown on the ground 
were removed or covered over by means of a shovel. All refuse collected 
was burned in an incinerator. 

In the trench or ditch everyone floundered about in mud when it 
rained — there was nothing to be done ; but in dry weather the company 
officer kept his eyes open for bits of paper, cigarette ends, and scraps of 
food. The easiest way for men to get rid of these things was to heave them 
over the parapet. In France, at the beginning of the War, bully-beef 
tins lay thick amongst the wire entanglements ; but the evil was soon 
recognised, and all trench refuse had to be collected in sandbags and buried 
by the sanitary men, who also disposed of the contents of latrine buckets 
in the same way, so that in course of time the ground was infested. 

It was all easy and simple, and the monotony of it produced a weariness 
of soul as the months and years slipped by, and the bravest commenced 
to " bob," as the men said. The first signs of war- weariness occurred during 
the winter of 1914-15, when the practice of growing beards and allowing 
unpolished buttons crept through the Expeditionary Force. It was readily 
excused in those uncertain days, but the Army suddenly woke up and realised 
where they were drifting and the evil was stopped. From that moment 
ceaseless vigilance on the part of company officers and non-commissioned 
officers within the regiment kept the battalions at the highest possible pitch 
of smartness, but it was weary work. 

The burden was increased at the end of the War, the conscript period, 
when a tj'pe of man was drafted into the Army who was not only unused 
to discipline but lacked also the sense of duty that had inspired the volunteer, 
and although he responded to orders, he was not generally inclined to move 
ahead of them. In the back areas, where so many organisations for supply 
and administration had cropped up, and where supervision \yas frequently 
lax, men with no excuse for slovenliness seemed to take a delight in being 
untidy and dirty. The men of fighting units regarded them with contempt, 
but it was a bad example for some of the newer drafts. At the same time 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 263 

the enormous war consumption had resulted in a shortage of material, so 
that new uniforms were no longer issued from Ordnance as a matter of 
course. Old uniforms had to be returned to be patched with material of a 
diiferent shade and texture and reissued to the troops. The result was 
not encouraging, and the tendency of all this was to undermine self-respect 
and discipline. 

The difficulties of the British officer were equally the experience of 
enemy officers. The Germans, at the very commencement of the War, 
had talked at length of their " will to conquer." They were highly discip- 
lined, wonderfully organised. But war weariness fell on them and their 
Allies, and cracks in their defence became visible. 

It was the lesser degree of war weariness that brought us victory and 
enabled us to attack in the final advance with vigour. The spirit was alive, 
but when the " cease fire " order was given it was rather tired. 

And the men were physically tired. The German retreat was well 
carried out, the demolition of railways, cross roads, and bridges was complete, 
and the task of pursuit was a far greater physical effort than retreat ; but 
they drove forward until the last moment, and then " from the depths of war 
we passed in the twinkling of an eye into the depths of peace " (Garcia, 53rd 
Division), Everywhere it was the same — the Army halted to await orders I 

Nothing happened. Nothing, in the dramatic sense, could happen ! 
Attempts have been made by the use of dramatic words in descriptions of 
the last minute of war to create an atmosphere of drama which did not exist. 
Units on the move merely halted, and if the question, What do we do now ? 
was not asked, it represents the state of mind throughout the combatant 
troops. 

In Italy the bridging difficulties in the last advance had resulted in 
short rations, and the men had waded through rivers and marched until 
their clothes and boots dried on them, so that their first thought was probably 
a welcome rest. They were, however, moved back immediately to the 
Vicenza area. There was no demonstration. 

LI. Evans, Adjutant of the 2nd Battalion, records an attempt, even as 
the gunners in some batteries vied with each other to fire the last gun, to 
create excitement and enthusiasm. 

" What a glorious autumn day it was ! Dry, hazy, and with promise 
of sunshine — a rare, crisp, good-to-be-alive-in winter's day. There was 
excitement in the air, too, because rumours were rife, hopes high, and spirits 
never brighter since somehow we had begun to fed that the end was very 
near, and a sensation of release, which we had hardly dared express, was 
persistent in our hearts. . . . 



264 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

" On that morning of mornings we were taking it easy, for the scattered 
enemy were ' out somewhere in front ' and worrying us neither with shell 
nor machine-gun fire, except but fitfully and from afar. Our centre, 
Aulnoy, was what had been a most important enemy railhead up to a few 
days previously, and at the station with its rows of metalled fairways was 
grim evidence of the effect of our night raiding bombers and long-range 
gun fire. 

" Early on this daj'-, however, there was calm around, but excited 
expectation in the breasts of all of us, since by now that premature rumour 
which had excited Britain from Land's End to John o' Groats — and from 
Penmaenmawr to Pontypridd also — had reached us out there, so that 
somewhere about 9 a.m., when came the official message from Brigade that 
' an armistice was signed at o8*oo hours to-day — hostilities will cease 
therefore at i i-oo hours,' one felt a sense of anti-climax ; the long-sought-for 
moment so recently hoped for and a feeling of certainty seemed tame and 
ungraspable after all, leaving an inexplicable sensation of flatness. 

" But momentary, and perhaps peculiarly personal, for some cheers 
were rising and the good news spread as only the best of news can. 

"A, B, C, and D Companies were spread out in the village beyond, 
under arms or on outpost duty. I have a copy of the last message issued 
in the War before me as I write : 

" ' To A, B, C, D Coys : H.Q. and Q.M. 

" ' Official information has been received that an armistice was 
signed at o8-oo hrs. to-day aaa Hostilities will cease at i roo hrs. aaa 
Troops will then unfix bayonets and unload rifles at that hour and will 
stand by for further orders aaa.' 

" The morning wore on, but still that sense of its being unbelievable 
also prevailed. As 1 1 o'clock approached, ' orders ' were evidently being 
obeyed with zeal, for rifles were being * unloaded ' into the air, as also were 
pouches and all stray S.A.A. around. 

" A band appeared from somewhere and played. I well remember 
it, ' Ap Shenkin,' that rousing march of the gallant 41st, and later our march, 
' The Men of Harlech,' rent the air. 

" There was a ' pay-day ' atmosphere, and flags and bunting appeared 
miraculously in almost every cottage, kept heaven only knows where 
throughout those long four years of occupation ! 

" A prisoner was brought in that afternoon. A youth, dazed and 
bewildered, knowing not where his comrades were, nor how to seek them. 
Humorously a card was placed on him, ' The very last ! ' But to the men 
experienced in war, the capturers of prisoners in their thousands, this 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 265 

field-grey youth seemed a novelty to-day, and he soon became a pet. They 
fed him and gave him ' fags,' turned him eastwards with his face towards 
the Fatherland, and sent him off with their good wishes that he should reach 
there safely and unharmed, 

" Beyond the village there was tragedy — men killed and men wounded 
on the very morning of peace, on the fringe of that village of prophetic name, 
' Wattinges sur Victoire ' ! 

" Armistice night came ; that night when London and ' home ' went 
mad with joy. But no outbreak of joyous madness took us up in its flight. 
Verey lights blazed away all round , sounds of singing came from barn 
and estaminet, burning dumps flared on the horizon, but that was all. It 
was over ! A fact too stupendous to realise, all in one day. 

" There was no rumbling of distant guns ; no staccato of machine 
guns ; no zooming of enemy or other aircraft to wreck the uncanny stillness 
of that night — and, perhaps, that was why I could not sleep at all ! " 

It was a tame affair — even the firing of rifles in the air was not general. 
In the villages the civilians made some show of Gallic delight, kissed the 
nearest soldiers, and from some cellars produced wine ; but the French 
peasant was not disposed to slake the thirst of the British Tommy, and the 
bottles were restricted in number. It was otherwise in England. Many 
accounts have been written of the extraordinary scenes in London ; Mr. 
Winston Churchill's is one of the best. Captain Moody, of our 2nd Battalion, 
after three and a half years in France, was sent home for six months' rest 
as an instructor at a Corps School — he writes : 

" With three colleagues, officers in the Royal Scots, Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders, and Rifle Brigade, I went to see what London was 
doing on Armistice night. Parades had been ordered for next day, the 1 2th, 
but they were cancelled tacitly, then formally. We arrived in town early 
in the evening in the rain, and it continued to rain. Thinking it necessary 
to book a table for dinner, we made a weary round of restaurants that were 
full up, before coming to rest at a little place in Wardour Street, owned by 
a Frenchman. Very bedraggled we were, for the London populace was in 
a state of wild excitement, especially the feminine part, who seemed to 
think that anyone in uniform was fair game. 

" The doors of the restaurant were closed immediately after we got 
in, and customers were told that Monsieur X, the proprietor, wished to 
make a speech. Standing on a table he spoke, partly in French, partly in 
broken English, with much gesticulation. He said the doors had been 
closed because of the crowds, and that it would be unsafe for those who had 
been fortunate enough to get in to leave until late at night. 1 le had an eye 



266 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

to business ! Dinner was ordered, but before the fish had been eaten it 
was obvious that no more food would be served owing to the waiter's 
preoccupation with the opening of champagne bottles. Songs were started 
by the French community and rendered with excessive noise, fervour 
overcoming the singers. The Scottish officers could not stand it ; they 
insisted on providing real music, so every Scottish song ever wTitten was 
given in turn. The popularity of the Scots overcame all thought of food. 
Everj'one in uniform had to be the guest of civilians. All present were soon 
on the best of terms. The scene of amity was indescribable. We danced ; 
we toasted the Entente Cordiale many dozens of times ; but as time wore 
on, the novelty of the experience wore off, so we contrived to give our new- 
made friends the slip and have a look at what the rest of London was doing. 

" The scenes outside were extraordinary. Coventry Street and 
Leicester Square were packed with people whose chief object seemed to be to 
shake hands with any Service man. Girls formed rings, in the centre of 
which was pushed and pulled any officer or man they could seize. By this 
means the four of us got separated for a time, but by good luck we met again 
in Coventry Street. The feeling of the people was really genuine, there was 
no disorder. Everyone was extraordinarily kind and generous ; it seemed 
that most of the better-class people were taking a personal interest in each 
soldier they met. 

" About I a.m. on the 12th I found myself alone, having seen the going 
of my friends. Number One had taken strong objection to a small under- 
sized Jew, and expressed his intention to ask the little man ' what he had done 
in the Great War.' His victim, seeing that something out of the ordinarj^ 
was about to happen, turned and bolted through the crowd, closely pursued 
by Number One. 

" Number Two disappeared on the roof of a private limousine, dancing 
a reel. 

" Number Three was left giving a good exhibition of squad drill, using 
a squad of policemen who had just come out on duty from Vine Street. 
A space had been cleared, and the police were willingly carrying out his 
orders, to the amusement of the crowd. 

" Number Four, his hand black and swollen with much handshaking, 
arrived at the Piccadilly Hotel that was more than overcrowded. After 
a clean-up I descended to the grill-room, where most of the occupants 
seemed to be dancing on the tables or steeplechasing over the furniture 
that had been pushed against the walls. I had not been in the room a 
second before a party of perfect strangers insisted that I had been a friend 
of the family for more years than they cared to remember and compelled 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 267 

me to be a guest for the rest of the night. So there was I among about 
twenty people, being hilariously entertained. Having had nothing to eat 
since lunch-time, I tried to impress on my new-made friends that food was 
all-important. The protest was ignored, and champagne was ordered. 

" A da}' or so later the original party of four met again and tried to 
reckon up the number of people who had ordered champagne on their 
behalf. It had been quite impossible to share in all that had been ordered 
— many dozens of bottles of champagne must have been wasted." The 
last statement is probably not correct ! 

The celebrations were carried on in England for a number of days. 
Men overstayed their leave to the United Kingdom, but there were no cases 
of desertion in the regiment. Gradualh'- the jubilations died down. 

Technically we were still at war — it was merely an armistice that had 
been signed — but actually it was peace ; no one believed for a moment that 
hostilities would recommence. A colossal task was over, and — a colossal 
task remained to be done. 

In November 191 8 the total number of men under arms in the British 
Empire was estimated at 5,389,607. Of these, British and Colonial troops 
numbered 4,089,226. At home, in England, there were 1,383,311 British 
and 220,073 Colonial troops ; abroad, in the various theatres of war, 
2,075,275 British, 304,400 Colonial, and in India 93,670 British (these were 
chiefly Territorial and specially enlisted troops). The meanest intelligence 
could perceive the gigantic problem that faced the Government, but 
unfortunately the cheaper Press showed strong partisan and personal bias, 
became opportunist, and supported the worst elements in the Army, who 
commenced to ask when they would be sent home. 

Nothing of a very serious nature occurred. In France demonstration 
was generally limited, where any was made, to a refusal to go on parade. 
In England a mob of foolish men gathered in Whitehall on several occasions, 
some of them having taken lorries and driven up from outlying camps. 
But there is no burking the fact that the powerful Press support given to 
the agitators created a serious and dangerous situation. 

The scheme for demobilisation, in brief, was based on what were called 
" key industries," of which mining was one, and batches of men were with- 
drawn from battalions for repatriation. Incidentally the key industries 
had, during the War, recruited workers from other trades and occupations, 
who,- in the main, preferred learning a new craft at home to risking their 
lives in support of the national family in trouble. The support these 
workers had given to the fighting men was, in most cases, commensurate 
to the wages they were able to wring from a harassed Government by strikes, 



268 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

and, natural!}^ enough, the newly recruited workers joined the Trade Union 
of their selected industr3^ Consequently the demobilised soldiers found that 
their old jobs were not waiting for them, but that they were expected to 
wait until the industry absorbed them, unless the temporary workers who 
had taken their places went willingly back to their previous and actual 
trades. The majority, however, did not propose to take the latter course, 
and quite a number of them, mercifully gifted, had attained minor positions 
in the ofhcial ranks of Trade Unionism. 



The I St Battalion was billeted at Montechio Maggiore. " The Battalion 
dwindled away till the cadre came home. Time was spent in sports and 
athletics of all sorts. Education (!) was introduced into the Arm}^ : it was 
a new toy, and higher powers liked to see it, and disliked one if they did 
not see it. All sorts of vocational classes were started. The Transport 
Officer found his men being demobilised quicker than his animals — an 
animal-management class solved his difficulties. There were several race 
meetings. For the officers, polo, paper-chasing, a tandem, and a four-in- 
hand helped to fill in the time." (Alston.) 

The battalion (cadre) left C. Valle on the 23rd February, 19 19, and 
arrived at Wrexham on St. David's Day. 

From the 2nd Battalion we get more details of what happened in France, 
and it may be assumed that they apply in essence to all the battalions. 

" The battalion remained at Aulnoy until a few days after Christmas 
191 8. Billets were comfortable and a common regimental mess was 
established by Major R. A. Adamson, who had come to us some time in 
October, in what had been the refreshment-room of the station. 

" A considerable number of officers and men joined us during these 
weeks, from base camps, courses, detached duties, etc. Many of the officers 
were fresh from England, not having reached France until after the Armistice. 

" Demobilisation commenced almost immediately, the priority of 
various occupations directing the class of men to be released first. Miners 
were called for very early, and one of the first of these to seek his move back 
to the pit was Lance-Corporal (then Sergeant) W. Evans, the ubiquitous 
' O.C. runners,' . . . The sequel justifying this recollection was in a letter 
from Colonel Cockburn, in about 1920, wherein he mentioned he had but 
recently heard from the ' plucky little bird,' writing from Constantinople, 
where he was then serving with the Royal Army Service Corps. Evidently 
the call of the mine had proved a fickle one. 

" Colonel Cockburn returned to us before we left Aulnoy, remained there 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 269 

a short time, and returned to Oswestry to assume command of the ist 
BattaHon, then preparing to proceed to India. 

" During December an Army Order was issued allowing Regular 
infantry battalions to send an escort for their colours if they wished. Colonel 
Norman was now acting as Brigade Commander and de Miremont was again 
promoted to Acting Lieutenant-Colonel in command. 2nd Lieutenants 
J. Roberts and Roberts-Morgan, who had transferred to us from the 13th 
Battalion, and three senior non-commissioned officers made the trip to 
Wrexham for our colours. The sentiment was, perhaps, admirable, but 
the worry of having so valuable a regimental possession in our keeping in 
such temporary quarters as we occupied hardly justified the additional 
pomp and circumstance thus acquired. 

" Christmas Day was spent where we had seen the War end, but a few 
days later the unit was moved to hutments outside Blangy-Tronville, some 
8 to 10 kilometres out of Amiens, just off the Albert road. A good deal had 
to be done to make the camp comfortable, but, in spite of cold weather, 
things were soon as comfortable as ingenuity could make them. 

" Demobihsation continued meanwhile, reducing the companies' 
strength week by week. Officers also were going off as the weeks followed 
each other — some home, some to jobs such as the charge of various ' clearing- 
up ' areas, and some to the Rhine as educational officers ; and some went 
to Boulogne, together with men whose terms of service did not expire, with 
a view to further service in Egypt and the East. Whether they ever went I 
cannot say, for rumours were heard of much trouble and mutinous oppo- 
sition to this scheme being made by some of the men assembled there for 
this purpose. [Our 26th Battalion went to Egypt!] 

" Route marching, camp duties, and fatigues were the order of the day 
at that period, and a recreation hut and canteen was established for the 
men, completed with ' chip fryers ' — an innovation that was very popular 
until the night when the fat blazed into flame and burnt the whole hut to 
the ground. 

" Besides the colours, the regimental band and goat came out to join 
us while we were at Blangy. Both arrived together, the band fifty-six 
strong, under Bandmaster Clancy, and the goat, habitually stubborn, in 
charge of one of the musicians. 

" The arrival of the band was much welcomed, making route marches 
occasions, guests' nights functions, and church parades ceremonials. It was 
in great demand throughout the division the whole time wc were there. 

" The bandboys had to attend school as well as band practice, and 
strict ' bounds ' were enforced on them within the camp area — only to be 



270 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

broken with disastrous results on one occasion, for a party of them, inspect- 
ing a German dump, set some bombs off, with the result that eight or nine 
were wounded, and one, Boy Williams, aged fifteen, was killed. 

" Some time in the spring we were ordered to send a half-company, 
armed with Lewis guns, to surround an island in the Somme, somewhere 
near Bra 3^, known to be the headquarters and base of a number of Australian 
and French deserters who were terrorising the neighbourhood. This party 
set out and completed their task without difficulty, for the ' enemy ' were 
completely surprised and caught in their beds and pyjamas. 

" While here the battalion received two visits from Royalty. Early 
in January His Majesty the King visited every division in turn, and when 
visiting the 38th he was accompanied by the Prince of Wales and the Duke 
of York. Later H.R.H. the Prince of Wales spent most of a week with the 
38th, staying at Headquarters with General Cubitt. One of these days he 
spent with the 2nd Battalion, arriving before lunch, for which he stayed, 
and leaving late in the afternoon. He held an informal inspection of the 
men in their lines, dispensing with the enormous ' tail ' which followed him, 
and chatting freely with our men. 

" Taffy's Da}^, ist March 1919, was celebrated in time-honoured 
fashion, General Cubitt and his Staff, as well as all Brigade Staffs, being our 
guests. Colonel Norman presided on that occasion. With the presence of 
the band, drums, and goat, the ceremony lost little of its peace-time ritual, 
and the leek was eaten as time-honoured custom ordained. 

" Our horses were being collected for disposal at a huge horse depot 
at Havre, and opportunity was given to officers who wished to purchase 
their chargers if passed fit for export. Yates purchased Girlie. 

" Yates was busy with a mystic form G1098, making up a complete 
equipment for a full-sized battalion, down to horse-shoes and spare pins,, 
for conveyance home when the time came. 

" Orders for proceeding to England came in May. We were now but a 
skeleton, a cadre battalion, except for complete transport and stores and 
equipment. The officers were Yates, Fox, Howells Evans, Roberts Morgan, 
and myself. Albutt was Regimental Sergeant-Major, and veterans like 
Quartermaster-Sergeant Jack Hughes, Company Sergeant-Major ' Dodger ' 
Green, Sergeant Drummer Dyer, Childs of the Transport, the old water-cart 
man, whose name I forget, and sundry other well known in the battalion, 
were amongst those forming the cadre, together with the band and goat. 

" We entrained at Longeau, outside Amiens, for Havre, where more 
than a week was spent in camp at Harfleur. 

" We shared a boat with the ist Wiltshire cadre and band, but before 



THE ARMISTICE AND DEMOBILISATION 271 

moving off the goat business began. Weeks prior to this I had, according 
to orders, obtained a permit from the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries 
to bring over the goat, but on endeavouring to embark on our transport 
the skipper would not allow it to set foot on his boat, despite my authority 
from England — it had to be one from the port of embarkation. I had 
nothing less to do than taxi from the landing-stage in search of some 
competent authority, meanwhile keeping the boat, all ready to sail, waiting 
for me. The local Embarkation Officer was at last traced to his lair, only 
to be found dubious of his authority to issue a permit. So off I went to 
someone higher up, and thence higher up still, regulations and orders being 
consulted while I held my paper tightl}' in my hand, as it was too laborious 
a process to take it out of my pocket and put it back again. 

" Eventually I got back with the necessary chit, and sped with all 
haste to the impatient transport, to find that all was ' set ' except that our 
bandmaster and the Wiltshire ditto hadn't even then decided who was 
senior in order to conduct the massed bands as we moved from French 
soil. Finally, the Wiltshire man had it, and we left the port to the strains 
of ' Auld lang syne,' the * Marseillaise,' ' Men of Harlech,' and other suitable 
airs. 

" Arriving at Southampton, we were moved to a comfortable camp on 
the Winchester Road, and unloading began. 

" But now the goat wasn't allowed to be landed. But somehow or 
other we smuggled it to the dock-side and stealthily lugged it to our camp. 
After the unloading, we entrained for Blackdown. Smuggling the goat was 
practised as a habit, as apparently station-masters and guards equally 
objected to its conveyance, pleading foot-and-mouth disease, or some such 
impediment, 

" At Blackdown we were the guests of the Loyal North Lancashire, to 
whom our complete mobilisation stores had now to be handed over. While 
Yates was making a ritual of this transference — had every bit laid out, 
inspection fashion, checking off each nail and strap on his beloved G1098 
in company with his opposite number — we had nothing at all to do. 

" On completion of the handing over, we entrained, after a last alter- 
cation on the goat question, for WYexham, arriving there on a Saturday 
(ist June), to be met by the band of the ist Battalion and Colonel Cockburn, 
the Mayor and Corporation in their robes of office, and most of the 
inhabitants." 

From every front drafts arrived at the demobilisation centres, and finally 
the cadres. The nth Battalion, at Constantinople, absorbed a certain 



272 RECORDS OF THE ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

number of men from the 2nd East Surrey Regiment, when that regiment 
was reduced to cadre strength, and were not disbanded until the 14th 
October 1919. The 6th Garrison Battahon had been disbanded in Salonika 
on the 24th June. 

The final j^ear's work of the 26th (4th Garrison) Battalion is of interest, 
especially in view of the agitation for immediate demobilisation. The 
battalion embarked at Dunkirk on the 7th May for two weeks' leave in 
England, returning on the 21st — strength, 30 officers and 678 other ranks. 
Two days later they left for Marseilles, embarked on the 28th and arrived 
at Alexandria on the 4th June. They proceeded to their station at Daman- 
hur by rail on the 9th. In August they moved to Tanta. 

In September 150 other ranks were drafted to the 7th Battalion 
(T.F.), 80 w^ere demobilised, and the battalion (307 other ranks) sent to 
Sidi Bishr. The cadre did not arrive in England until the loth January 
1920, to be disbanded on the 20th. 

And so the many gallant Service battalions disappeared, the Territorial 
battalions also (for the Force was entirely disbanded, only to be recalled 
a few months later as the Territorial Army), and the Garrison battalions. 
The regiment, reduced to two battalions, commenced the work of rebuilding. 

" Read and re-read the story of your regiment if you wish to know 
what men can do and have done, . . . and you will have received an 
impulse that, in whatever walk of life you may be, will make your hearts 
beat high and lead you to a life worthy of those magnificent soldiers of 
Wales who, in peace or war, in life or death, have set us so great an example." 
Thus Lieutenant-General Sir Francis Lloyd, Colonel of the Regiment, in 
his introduction to the short History of the Regiment. It was he who 
unveiled the memorial at Wrexham on the 15th November 1924, that 
monument of stone to the immortal memory of the Royal Welch Fusiliers. 

Make your hearts beat high ! Can the story fail ? In England it 
has been the practice of civilians to make war ; the most peaceful body of 
men in the land are the soldiers who fight the wars. If these records serve 
no other purpose than to show how men of the Royal Welch fulfilled their 
engagements to the King and State, your hearts must beat high — for no 
man can do more. 



APPENDICES 



IV — 11 




Lii:LTi:NANr-(ji;xi;KAL siu i'haxcis i.luvd, (.,a:.\m.. k.c.i!., d.s.o. 



APPENDIX I 

SUCCESSION OF COLONELS OF THE 
ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR FRANCIS LLOYD, 
G.C.V.O., K.C.B., D.S.O. 

Lieutenant-General Sir Francis Lloyd, G.C.V.O., K.C.B., D.S.O., of Aston Hall, 
Oswestry, and Rolls Park, Chigwell, was appointed Colonel of the Royal Welch Fusiliers 
on the 2nd February 1915, on the death of Sir Luke O'Connor, V.C., K.C.B. 

Francis Lloyd was born in 1853, and was the son of an old Grenadier. He was 
educated at Harrow, and commenced his military career in the 33rd Foot (Duke of 
Wellington's Regiment) ; within a few months of joining, however, he transferred to the 
Grenadier Guards (i8th March 1875). 

In 1885 he served as signalling officer to the Guards Brigade in the Suakim Expedi- 
tion, and was mentioned in despatches after the Battle of Hasheen. In 1898 he was 
again in Egypt as second-in-command to the ist Battalion Grenadier Guards, and was 
awarded the D.S.O., being again mentioned in despatches. 

During the South African War he served for two years in command of the 2nd 
Battalion, and was severely wounded at Biddulphsberg. 

He commanded the ist Guards Brigade at Aldershot from 1904 to 1908. Being 
promoted Major-General, he was given command of the Welsh Division, Territorial 
Force, in 1909 ; and of the London District in 1913. 

During the War the London District was one of the most important commands in 
the British Army, and Sir Francis Lloj'd held it for five years. His name was kno\\Ti to 
every British soldier. A man of remarkable character and forceful personality, he 
combined the firmness of a strict disciplinarian with a rare kindliness of heart, so that 
he was able not only to rule London with an iron hand, but to preserve the affection he 
had won in the old Army during the creation and existence of the new Army, It was 
a triumph of firmness and tact. 

He retired in 1920 and became Food Commissioner for London and the Home 
Counties. He died on the 26th February 1926, and was buried at Oswestry. The 
2nd Battalion detailed the Band and funeral party. 

"SIR CHARLES MACPHERSON DOBELL, K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. 

Second son of Richard Reid Dobell, of Beauvoir Manor, Quebec, Canada ; born 22nd 
June 1869. Received his commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Welch Fusiliers 
on 20th August 1890 ; became Lieutenant 13th July 1892, Captain and Brevet Major 

275 



276 APPENDIX I 

Sth March 1899, Major and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29th September 1907, Brevet 
Colonel 4th November 1910, promoted out of the Regiment to rank of substantive 
Lieutenant-Colonel 4th May 1912. Served with the ist Battalion in the Hazara 
Expedition, North-west Frontier of India, 1891, receiving medal and clasp. Was 
appointed Adjutant 2nd Battalion 7th November 1896, and served with that Battalion 
during the International Occupation of Crete from March 1897 to December 1898, for 
which he was mentioned in despatches and received the brevet of Major. 

He took part in the South African War, first doing duty with the Royal Canadian 
Regiment, then as A.D.C. to the G.O.C. 2nd Cavalry Brigade, during the Relief of 
Kimberley and the operations which resulted in the surrender of General Cronje and his 
army at Paardeberg, subsequently in command of the 2nd Battalion Mounted Infantry 
from 24th February to 15th July 1900. For his services he was mentioned in despatches, 
awarded the D.S.O., and granted the Queen's Medal with clasps for Relief of Kimberley 
— Paardeberg — Driefontein — Johannesburg — Diamond Hill — Wittebergen. 

In July 1900, trouble having broken out in China, he resumed his duties as Adjutant 
2nd Battalion, arriving in Pekin in August, shortly after the relief of the Legations. He 
took part in subsequent minor operations and was awarded the medal. He attended 
the Staff College during 1903-4. 

In January 1905 he went to Northern Nigeria to command the ist Battalion 
Northern Nigeria Regiment, West African Frontier Force. Here he took part in 
expeditions first against the Munshi tribe on the Benue River and then against the 
King of Hadejia, who, at a critical period in the history of Nigeria, had revolted against 
our rule. 

WTiile still in the Munshi country he was ordered to move his column, consisting of 
artillery and infantry with porter transport, as quickly as possible to Zungeru, then the 
capital of Northern Nigeria. The journey, which lasted several days, was made by 
water, but it was the height of the dry season and the rivers were very low, consequently 
progress was slow. From a point on the Kaduna River it was possible, by marching 
across a large bend of the river, to save considerable time. This was done, and a dis- 
tance of 87 miles was covered in 47 hours. The troops were in heavy order, carrying 
capes, blankets, and 100 rounds of ammunition besides arms and equipment. The 
carriers were all laden with 6o-lb. to 65-lb. loads. Time had not admitted of previous 
arrangements being made for the comfort and supply of the column during this forced 
march ; that not a man fell out speaks volumes for the discipline and marching qualities 
of the Nigerian troops. Was twice mentioned in despatches, received the medal with 
clasp and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel. 

He was emploj^ed as a General Staff Officer at Army Headquarters in the Direc- 
torate of Military Operations at the War Office from 1907 to 1911, the section of which 
he was in charge dealing especially with our Dominions and Colonies. In January 
1908 he was awarded the certificate on vellum of the Royal Humane Society for 
saving life. 

On 4th November 1910 he was appointed an Aide-de-Camp to His Majesty King 
George V, and was granted the brevet of full Colonel. As an A.D.C. to the King he 
took part in the Coronation ceremonies in 191 1 and received the Coronation Medal. 

On 4th May 1912 he was appointed to command the 2nd Battalion Bedfordshire 



SUCCESSION OF COLONELS 277 

Regiment, quartered in South Africa. On the ist September 1913 he was appointed 
Inspector-General West African Frontier Force with the rank of Brigadier-General. 
During the ensuing winter he visited and inspected the troops in Nigeria, the Gold 
Coast Colony and Ashanti, Sierra Leone, and the Gambia. 

On the outbreak of the European War in August 1914 he was appointed by the 
British and French Governments to command the Allied troops operating in the 
German colony of the Cameroons. His conduct of the ensuing operations was so 
successful that by March 1916 the country, which had an area of nearly one-third of a 
million square miles, was entirely cleared of Germans, and by the following month it 
was possible to withdraw all troops. He was rewarded with the C.M.G. on ist January 
1915 ; was specially promoted to Major-General for service in the field in June 1915 ; 
and after the conclusion of the operations was created a K.C.B. The French conferred 
the Legion of Honour, Croix de Commandeur, on him. On arrival in England he was 
summoned to Windsor, where the King conferred the K.C.B. on him. 

In June 1916 he joined the Eg\'ptian Expeditionary Force, and was appointed to 
command the W^estern Force with a front extending from Solium on the Mediterranean 
to Assuan on the Middle Nile, a distance of roughly 900 miles. 

In September of that year he was transferred to command the East Force, which 
included all troops on and east of the Suez Canal, and was appointed a temporary 
Lieutenant-General. Under his orders successful actions were fought at El Arish — 
Magdhaba and Rafah, at each of which the enemy received telling defeats and the loss 
of many thousand unwounded prisoners. 

In March 1917 he attacked the enemy entrenched about Gaza ; in this battle he 
advanced his army, consisting of one Mounted Corps (2 Divisions and Camel Brigade), 
52nd, 53rd, and 54th Divisions, with ancillary troops, in one jump of 15 miles across a 
waterless desert. He eventually was obliged to break off the engagement owing to 
lack of water, but remained in occupation of the Wadi Ghazzi, about 3 miles from Gaza. 

In April he again attacked, but although he forced the enemy back and entrenched 
his force close imder the defences of Gaza, he was unable to inflict the crushing defeat on 
the Turks he had hoped for. Very considerable reinforcements had reached the enemy 
in the intervening weeks, while he had only received some portions of the recently 
formed 74th Division. 

He returned to England in May, For his services in Egypt he was twice 
mentioned in despatches. 

In July 1917 he went to India to command a division. In connection with the 
internal trouble which broke out in India in the early months of 1919 he received the 
thanks of the Government of India. 

May 1919 found him in the Khyber Pass in command of his (the 2nd) Division, 
taking part in the third Afghan War. For this he received a mention in despatches 
and medal with clasp. 

In January 1920 he assumed command of the Northern Army, and in February of 
that" year was nominated by the Commander-in-Chief in India (General Sir Charles 
Monro) to command on the Khyber and Kurram fronts in event of hostilities again 
breaking out with Afghanistan. This, at that time, looked very probable, as the 
Afghans had already crossed the frontier into British territory in Chitral and at Paiwar 



278 APPENDIX I 

Kotal, at the head of the Kurram Valley. As hostilities did not ensue, he came home 
in August of that year. He received one more mention in despatches for his services in 
India, and for the Great War received the 1914 Star as well as the War and Victory 
Medals. 

He was not again employed, but was placed on the retired list in November 1923, 
after being three years on half-pay. 

In 1926, on the death of Lieutenant-General Sir Francis Lloyd, G.C.V.O., K.C.B., 
D.S.O., he had the great satisfaction of being appointed Colonel the Royal Welch 
Fusiliers. 

He is included among the twenty-two General Officers whose portraits go to make 
up the picture " Some General Officers of the Great War," by the late Mr. John Sargent, 
R.A., painted for the nation and now hanging in the National Gallery. He was 
educated at Charterhouse and at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Canada. He 
married, on 3rd March 1908, Elizabeth Annie, daughter of Major Meyrick Bankes, of 
Winstanley Hall, Wigan, and of Letterewe, Ross-shire, and widow of Captain F. 
Livington Campbell, R.N. 



APPENDIX II 
THE CAMPAIGN IN THE CAMEROONS 

A SHORT account of the operations of the Allied expedition which conquered the 
German West African colony of the Cameroons will not be out of place here, since the 
chief command was held throughout by an ex-Royal Welchman and several other 
officers of the regiment took part. 

Germany's African possessions consisted, in 1914, of German East Africa, German 
South-west Africa, the Cameroons, and Togoland. The first three comprised an area 
of about one-third of a million square miles each, while Togoland was considerably 
smaller. An expedition was sent from India to operate against German East Africa. 
General Botha, at the head of forces of the Union of South Africa, conquered German 
South-west Africa, while in Togoland and the Cameroons the French and British acted 
together and allied expeditions were employed. 

Brigadier-General C. M. Dobell, D.S.O., A.D.C., had in 1913 been appointed 
Inspector-General of the West African Frontier Force, and, by common consent of both 
nations, he was selected for the command of the Allied forces in the Cameroons. 

The troops employed, both French and British, were drawn from the native 
African forces recruited and trained in the West African colonies of the two nations. 

The General Headquarters Staff of the expedition left England in August 1914, 
arriving off the coast of the Cameroons on the 23rd September. The task which had to 
be accomplished was not an easy one. The country, which is situated between Nigeria 
and French Equatorial Africa, is vast, roadless, much of it can boast of possessing the 
worst climate in the world, and the dense tropical forests which stretch back for a 




Lii-:L"ri;N AN i-(.i.Nr.i;Ai. sii; (Iiaiili-.s i»()ui:ll, k.c.h., cm.".., i».s.o. 



27.S1 



THE CAMPAIGN IN THE CAMEROONS 279 

hundred miles along the whole sea-coast are all in favour of the side acting on the 
defensive. 

The Germans were well armed, well trained, and the proportion of Europeans 
with their African troops was very high. In the first instance a landing had to be 
effected and the force established on shore. This operation was rendered pecuharly 
difficult owing to the dangerous bars at the mouths of the rivers and to the presence of 
mango swamps along the coast and on the banks of all rivers and creeks, while the 
Germans had obstructed the Cameroon river on which the capital, Duala, stands, by 
sinking eleven ocean-going steamers in the channel ; this obstacle being in its turn 
protected by two mine-fields. In spite of this, on the 27th September, only four days 
after the arrival of the expedition, a threatened landing of troops to the east of Duala 
conducted in conjunction with a bombardment of the town by H.M.S. Challenger caused 
the German Governor to surrender the town of Duala and retire some 200 miles to the 
east, where he established his seat of government at Taunde. 

This initial success was followed by eighteen months of hard and continuous 
fighting in the most trying and difficult circumstances in a country of dense forests 
and under almost incessant rain. On the ist January 1916, however, General Dobell's 
expeditionary force, with which had been co-operating a force under Brigadier-General 
F. J. Cunliffe from the northern district of Nigeria, and another composed of French 
and Belgian troops, imder General Aymerick from French Equatorial Africa, entered 
Taimde on the heels of the retiring Germans. The enemy was given no leisure, but was 
constantly harassed during his rapid flight to Spanish Muni, which had now become his 
goal. After eluding their pursuers, the remnants of the German forces, some 1,000 
Europeans and 6,000 blacks, laid down their arms and were interned by the Spaniards. 

By the middle of February 1916 no Germans remained in the Cameroons, and the 
conquest of the country was complete. 

Among the horrors and savageries which we are accustomed, with only too much 
reason, to associate with our enemies on all fronts during the War, the following little 
incident is interesting as showing that they w^ere not all at all times devoid of chivalry. 
A patrol of i N.C.O. and 5 men of the Gold Coast Regiment was sent out on reconnoitring 
duty in April 1915. This patrol never returned and no news was forthcoming about its 
fate. Some months later, when an advance was made, we found a mound over which 
the following inscription had been placed in German : " Here lie six soldiers of the 
Gold Coast Regiment who died for the honour of England and for the glory of their 
country." 

The following officers of the Royal Welch Fusiliers served with General Dobell in 
this very successful campaign : 

Major (temp, Lieutenant-Colonel) J. B. Cockburn commanded the ist Battalion of 
the Nigeria Regiment and greatly distinguished himself. From first to last he was 
always where the fighting was most severe ; he brilliantly conducted many important 
and difficult operations, always with the greatest success. The end of the campaign 
foimd him in command of the British contingent of the force. 

For an act of most conspicuous gallantry, in jumping overboard into the Cameroon 
River, which is infested with crocodiles, when in high flood, in an attempt to save a 
bluejacket of H.M.S, Cumberland who had fallen overboard, he was awarded the Silver 



28o APPENDIX II 

Medal of the Royal Humane Society. For his services throughout the campaign he 
received a brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel, was twice mentioned in despatches, and was 
decorated by the French with the Legion of Honour. In his final despatch addressed to 
the Secretary of State for War, Field-Marshal the Earl Kitchener, General Dobell paid 
him the following tribute : " Of those of&cers whose names I bring to your Lordship's 
notice for distinguished and meritorious service, I am anxious to give particular 
prominence to Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel J. B. Cockburn, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and 
Major (temp. Lieutenant-Colonel) A. H. W. Ha^-wood, D.S.O,, Royal Artillery. Both 
these officers, in their capacity as battalion or column commanders, have experienced 
the brunt of the hard fighting which has fallen to the British force. In no case has their 
judgment or discretion been at fault, and I am greatly indebted to both." 

Captain G. E. R. De Miremont was Aide-de-Camp to General Dobell, but frequently, 
owing to shortage of officers, he took part, with the Sierra Leone Battalion, with which 
unit he had been serving before the War, in important activities. He received the 
honour of a mention in despatches. 

Captain J. G. Bruxner-Randall served throughout with the ist Battalion Nigeria 
Regiment under Colonel Cockburn. 

Captain L. D'A. Fox served with the Sierra Leone Battalion. 

Temp. Lieutenant R. Stirrup, 12th Service Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers, 
joined the force on the 30th June 1915, and was posted to the Gold Coast Regiment. 
His services earned him a mention in despatches. 

Temp. Lieutenant E. L. Hills, also of the 12th Service Battalion, arrived in the 
Cameroons on the 15th June 1915, and was posted to the ist Battalion, Nigeria Regi- 
ment. This gallant young officer was killed in action on the 25th November 1915. 

During the campaign and at its conclusion General Dobell was the recipient of 
many rewards. In January 1915 he was awarded the C.M.G., while in June of that year 
he was specially promoted to the rank of Major-General for " distinguished service in 
the field." He was then, with one exception, the youngest Major-General in the Arm3^ 

In April 1916, when on his way home, a very singular compliment was paid him by 
the French. Monsieur Cloj^el, the Governor-General of French West Africa, intercepted 
the steamer on which he was travelling by a wireless message inviting him to visit 
Dakar, the capital of French West Africa. On arrival, he was called on by the G.O.C. 
the troops and the A.D.C. to the Governor-General. Later he landed and drove to 
Government House through streets which were lined with troops in his honour. In the 
evening the Governor-General gave a banquet, during the course of which he conferred 
on him, in the name of the President of the French Republic, the honour of Com- 
mander of the Legion of Honour, decorating him with the star and collar of the Order 
which he himself had been wearing. 

Soon after reaching England, he was summoned to Windsor Castle, where His 
Majesty conferred on him the honour of knighthood and invested him with the insignia 
of a Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (Military Division). 



NOTE TO THE ATTACK ON THE BEAUREVOIR LINE 281 



APPENDIX III 

NOTE TO THE ATTACK ON THE 
BEAUREVOIR LINE 

Pages 479-81, Vol. hi 

Lieutenant-Colonel C. C. Norman (2nd Battalion) says : 

" This line had long since been prepared for defence by the Germans. Not all the 
trenches had been dug, but concrete machine-gun emplacements had been built into it, 
deep dugouts had been prepared, and it was protected throughout its length by a thick 
double-barbed wire entanglement. For the most part the line ran through open 
country, giving a wide field of fire from the trench. An attack by dajdight under these 
circumstances could be carried out only under a very heavy barrage and after wire 
cutting had been completed. A night attack was, therefore, decided on. 

" The 115th Brigade were ordered to attack that portion of the line which lay in 
front of the village of Villers-Outreaux at i a.m. on 8th October. Simultaneously the 
113th Brigade was to attack farther north as far as Mortho Wood. At 8 a.m., when the 
line should have been broken, the 114th Brigade were to pass through and continue the 
attack beyond. 

" Preparations for that attack were necessarily hurried, and although the night was 
dark and very wet the leading battalions succeeded in forming up for that attack on the 
fronts allotted to them. The detailed plan for the 115th Brigade was as follows : The 
17th Battalion Royal Welch, on the left, was to break through the line, and passing by 
the northern edge of Villers-Outreaux was to join hands in the open ground beyond the 
village with the loth South Whales Borderers, who had been allotted a similar role on 
the south side of the village. At daybreak the 2nd Royal Welch, accompanied by 
three tanks, were to mop up the village itself, a task which would have been an easy 
one in view of the fact that the flanks and end of the village would have been cleared 
of the enemy. 

" The attacks by the 17th Royal Welch and the loth South Wales Borderers com- 
pletely failed after most gallant attempts by both these battalions to penetrate the wire 
entanglements. As evidence of their determination, daylight disclosed the bodies, 
lying well within the entanglement, of officers and men who were killed in their efforts 
to cut their way through. The 113th Brigade met with hardly more success. They 
succeeded in getting through the line in places, but were ultimately held up b\' defences 
only a short way beyond. 

" Heavy machine-gun fire was being directed by the enemy all along the front, and 
the task of reorganising the 17th Royal Welch and the loth South Wales Borderers in 
the open country in broad daylight became an impossibility. A sunken lane, running 
towards some high ground to the south-west of the village, had been fixed upon for the 
forming up of the 2nd Battalion, preparatory to undertaking the task of mopping up. 
This was found, on their arrival, to be already choked with parties of loth South Wales 
Borderers, machine gunners, and advanced parties of the 114th Brigade, seeking cover 



282 APPENDIX III 

from a rain of machine-gun bullets which were sweeping over the top. The situation, 
in these circumstances, presented a far from promising outlook. It appeared to be 
impossible either to organise a fresh attack or to extricate battalions. A complete 
deadlock seemed to have been produced. Suddenly, however, while in this predica- 
ment, the three tanks, whose progress to the rendezvous had been delayed by bad going, 
arrived on the scene. There appeared to be some chance of relieving the situation 
with their aid. 

" A fresh plan was hurriedly made under which two tanks, supported by B Com- 
pany, were to endeavour to force their way through the defences and establish themselves 
on the north-west corner of the village. A and C Companies were held in readiness to 
exploit any success. The third tank was directed, in conjunction with C Company, to 
cover the right flank. 

" The plan only partially succeeded, for two of the tanks were very quickly out of 
action. The third, however, most gallantly followed by B Company, under Captain 
Kirkly and Lieutenant Nickson, both of whom were wounded, successfully crossed the 
wire and pushed on beyond to the outskirts of the village. 

" The effect was almost instantaneous. The Germans, on either flank, finding 
their position turned, and perhaps not realising that so small a force had penetrated 
their Une, began gradually to withdraw. A Company, closely followed by C Company, 
were immediately sent through the gap, the former to secure the northern edge of the 
village, and C to turn right-handed and secure the southern outskirts and thus enable 
D Company to push on. 

" The result was beyond all expectations. The whole German line now began, 
without hesitation, to retreat. C Company on the right had the unusual view of a 
disorganised crowd of German infantry streaming across the open country not 800 
yards away. They opened fire, but the excitement of the moment hardly lent itself to 
good shooting. It was an opportunity for cavalry to complete the success, but one 
which could hardly have been foreseen. 

" Meanwhile the 17th Battalion Royal Welch and the loth South Wales Borderers 
reorganised with remarkable rapidity, and on their own initiative pushed on to their 
original objectives. By 11.30 a.m. the 114th Brigade, supported by the Divisional 
Artillery, were enabled to continue the pursuit, and by nightfall had driven the enemy 
back and established themselves on a line east of Malincourt, three miles beyond the 
Beaurevoir Line, and handed over to the 33rd Division." 



APPENDIX IV 
THE WELSH HORSE 

i/iST Eastern Mounted Brigade Diary. 

The Welsh Horse, who with the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry formed the 25th Battalion, 
served in Gallipoli. These extracts from the interesting Brigade and Battalion Diaries 
complete the record of war service for the 25th Battalion. They are exceptionally well 
kept diaries. 



THE WELSH HORSE 283 

8th October 1915. — Attempted to land the brigade, less Welsh Horse, at Walker's 
Pier, Anzac, but as this proved impossible we put back into Imbros Harbour. One 
man of Field Ambulance shot dead while on board off Walker's Pier. Welsh Horse, on 
board H.M.T. Partridge, landed successfully about 20*30 hrs. at Walker's Pier in bad 
weather, having arrived off the land at an earlier hour. 

Imbros. Toth October. — Weighed anchor and started for Anzac. Landed Norfolk 
Yeomanry, Suffolk, Ambulance. 

Anzac. 11th October. — Joined up with Welsh Horse, who were in rest camp in 
Burnt Gully. 

12th October. — Attached 54th Division. Welsh Horse selected for pioneer and 
mining work in trenches of 163rd Brigade. Deep underground trenches the speciality 
and line very strong for defence. 

i-^th November. — Secretary for War visited Anzac with General Home. 

15//^ November. — The five mines on Hill 60, dug by Welsh Horse, were exploded at 
i7"oo hrs. Fifteen casualties in the division occurred from falling debris. The mine 
craters were not occupied and the line not advanced. The explosion caused two mounds 
of earth, which proved rather disadvantageous from our point of view. Result of 
explosion disappointing. No casualties in Welsh Horse from explosion. 

20th November. — Turks blew up a mine on Hill 60, burying Lieutenant Renwick 
and 8 men of the Welsh Horse. Lieutenant Renwick was dug out by 20*00 hrs. and 
was carried to hospital. The 8 men all perished, as they could not be got out. 

24fth November. — Welsh Horse mainly employed on Hill 60, mining and sapping, 
and finding a reserve of 150 men by night. 

18th December. — From midnight (lyth/iSth) until daylight an enormous fire on 
Anzac Beach, caused by the accidental ignition of a store dump — very regrettable 
under the circumstances. Several of our aeroplanes and one German were up during 
the day. After dark an aeroplane appeared low over Anzac. Reported to be German 
— a disturbing factor. 

igZ/j December. — At 8 a.m. Turks exploded a mine near Ivy Lane on Hill 60. Two 
Gurkhas killed, 5 Welsh Horse and 8 Gurkhas wounded. Turks shelled Hill 60 heavily. 
The bombardment was quite three times as heavy as any morning bombardment which 
we have experienced during our stay on the Peninsula. This bombardment, taken in 
conjunction with the appearance of the aeroplane over Anzac yesterday, made one think 
the Turks had suspicions as to our intended evacuation. We had in mind also the 
unfortunate conflagration on Anzac Beach. 

20th December. — At 8 a.m. heard that evacuation had been completed without loss. 
Proceeded to Mudros. 

22nd December. — Left Mudros. Sea calm. Weather fair. 

25/A December. — Disembarked Alexandria and marched Sidi Bishr. 

(Battalion Diary.) 

September. — Early in September the regiment received notice to hold itself in 
readiness. 

23^^^ September. — To Liverpool. Embarked on Olympic. 
1st October. — Arrived Mudros. Remained on board. 



284 APPENDIX IV 

Sih October. — Transhipped to Partridge and to Anzac Cove. 

Within two days of its arrival the regiment was detailed to take over and carry out 
all the extensive mining and sapping on and in front of Hill 60, which had been com- 
menced but which had been delayed owing to lack of experienced miners. The work 
continued under the direction of G.O.C. 54th Division some six weeks, when the 54th 
Division evacuated and a considerable readjustment of the line necessitated moving of 
the Eastern Mounted Brigade closer to the front line. The Welsh Horse still continued 
mining and digging new saps, and in addition were put in charge of five important 
bombing posts. 

12th December. — Very secret information was conve3'ed to senior officers of the 
Commander-in-Chief's intention to evacuate the Peninsula. 

j^th December. — A strong party left. 

19^/1 — 20th December. — The Welsh Horse were detailed to find the last garrison on 
Hill 60, consisting of 4 officers and 39 men, which formed part of the Eastern Mounted 
Brigade rearguard of 100 men, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Lord 
Kensington. 

The rearguard was withdrawn and embarked on trawlers at 4 a.m. on the 20th and 
proceeded direct to Mudros, where it arrived 12 noon. The major part of the regiment, 
having been withdrawn earlier in the evening of the 19th, embarked elsewhere, and 
it was not until the 26th December that the whole was concentrated once again at Sidi 
Bishr Camp, Alexandria. 

After concentration the next three months were spent in re-equipping, etc., after 
the arduous work on the Peninsula, which work was most favourably commented on by 
General Officers. It resulted in one of the biggest explosions of the whole operations, 
resulting in the total destruction of the Turkish front line for some 200 yards. 



APPENDIX V 
"PALS" BATTALIONS 

The 13th Battalion was a so-called Pals Battalion. The idea was to recruit gangs of 
friends who would serve together. On the 3rd September 1914 the new battalion 
sanctioned by the War Office had no regimental name — it was simply a North Wales 
Pals Battalion — and it did not become the 13th Royal Welch until it was posted to the 
128th Brigade, 43rd Division. The brigade was renumbered 113th and the Division 
38th on the 29th April 1915. 

Recruiting was rapid, and in November the new battalion was so much over 
strength that the surplus was taken to form the i6th Battalion. 

The 14th Battalion was raised on the same principle as the 13th by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Owen Thomas, who commanded the 128th Brigade. It was a Carnarvon and 
Anglesea Battalion. 

The same with the 15th Battalion, but this was the ist London Welsh, and was 
raised by a civilian committee of which Sir Vincent Evans was chairman. Apparently 



"PALS" BATTALIONS 285 

they were not very optimistic in London, as they fixed a possible strength of only 500 
men, between the ages of nineteen and thirty-five. 

It is interesting to note how these " raising " committees worked. They were to 
clothe, feed, and house the units raised, and were made responsible for finding the first 
training instructors. They were to select temporary officers, the final appointments 
to be approved by the War Office. The money for equipment was fixed at £7 5s. per 
man, but was not to provide a khaki uniform but " the initial clothing and personal 
necessaries," which took the form of a blue or grey dress of military pattern. 

The Welshmen of London swarmed up to Gray's Inn, which had been given by the 
Benchers for a recruiting depot and headquarters, and registered their names. Anyone 
with the slightest knowledge of drill became an instructor— it was a strange sight 
to see men in every conceivable kind of civilian costume doing squad drill on any 
available corner of ground. A disused hotel (Inns of Court) in Holborn was lent by the 
owners and provided lecture-rooms, mess-rooms, etc. 

Unfortunately there were some confusion and delay in attesting recruits, and many 
of them became impatient and joined other units. But in spite of all difficulties the 15th 
Battalion, 1,100 strong, left on 5th December for Llandudno, where it was posted to the 
1st North Wales Brigade, or 128th Brigade, which eventually became the 113th. 

Recruiting continued in Gray's Inn, and the i8th Battalion was formed as the 
2nd London Welsh. They remained at Gray's Inn until the 9th June, when they moved 
to Bangor. This battalion was definitely detailed to supply drafts as a reserve battalion 
on the 7th July, and sent men to the five battalions in the 38th Division. 

Another reserve battalion was formed of the 25 per cent, of strength which the 
battalions of the 38th Division were ordered to leave at Kinmel Park Camp when the 
division moved to Winchester in June 1915. This was the 20th Battalion. 

There were also at Kinmel Park the 21st and 22nd Reserve Battalions. 



APPENDIX VI 
HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE V 

His Majesty made frequent visits to his Armies in France. His visits are not always 
recorded in Battalion Diaries, but special mention was made of the following occasions. 

ist Battalion found a Guard of Honour on the ist December 1914. 

2nd Battalion found a Guard of Honour on the 2nd December 1914. 

9th Battalion sent a party who had received awards for gallantry in the field to an 
inspection by the King, 14th August 1916. 

4th Battalion sent a similar party to an inspection at Querrieu Chateau, 13th 
August 1 91 8. 

14th Battalion was visited by His Majesty on the 3rd December 1918. 



286 APPENDIX VI 



H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES 

His Royal Highness was on Lord Cavan's Staff, and was up and down the Front a 
great deal. His visits to battalions are also not invariably recorded. He had tea with 
the officers of the 2nd Battalion on the loth November 1916, and visited the battalions 
in the 38th Division before and after the Third Battle of Ypres, 1917. The 9th Battalion 
provided a Guard of Honour when he visited Bertrancourt on the 12th December 1918. 



APPENDIX VII 
THE ALBERT MEDAL 

An officer of the loth Battalion, 2nd Lieutenant A. Nevitt, won this rare decoration. 
On the 4th September 1916 he, with another officer and two men, was in a trench giving 
bombing instruction when one of the bombs fell back in the trench. Nevitt groped in 
the mud and water for it, and was successful in finding it at the second attempt, and 
threw it over the parapet, where it exploded. 

Again, on the 24th September, while bombing instruction was going on, another 
bomb fell into the trench, and the men in their confusion nearly knocked Nevitt down, 
but he searched for the bomb and, having found it, threw it, when it at once exploded. 
On both occasions his courage and presence of mind undoubtedly saved the lives of 
others. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



287 



APPENDIX VIII 

ROYAL WELCH FUSILIERS 
ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-19 



EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS 



d. 

d. of w. 
k. in a. 
F. 

M. 



3 AcKERLEY, Ronald Hermann, 
Lt.. k. in a., 16/5/15 (att. 
i/Bn.). 

1 AcKLAND - Allen, Hugh 

Thomas, Lt., k. in a., 
23/10/14. 
9 AcTox, Charles Annesley, 
Major (Tp.), k. in a., 
25/9/15. 

11 Adams, John Bernard Pye, Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 27/2/17 
(12). 

17 Allen, Alfred James Bene- 

dict, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
3/3/16. 
8 Allies, Aifric Evan, Lt., k. 

in a., 16/8/15. 
3 Allisox, Harry, Lt., k. in a., 
27/8/18 (att. 13/Bn.). 
Alltree, Charles Derek, Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 27/3/18 (in 
German hands) (att. 9/Bn.). 
19 Andrews, Glyndwr Levi, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
21/8/18 (att. i6/Bn.). 
14 Apsimon, Arthur Injwerm, 
Lt. (Tp.), d. of w.. 4/8/17. 

12 AuBERTiN, William Aldworth, 

Major, d., 20/2/19. 

13 Ayer, Leonard Stuart, Capt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 15/7/16. 
Ball, Samuel George, 2/Lt., 
k. in a., 20/3/18. 
12 Bancroft, Stanley Fleming, 
Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 19/8/16 
(att. lo/Bn.). 

2 Banks, Arthur Chaplin, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 22/6/16. 
Barker, Randle Barnett, 
D.S.O., Brig.-Gen. (Tp.), k. 
in a., 24/3/18 (Major, R. 
of Off.). (Staff.) 
I Barker, Richard Vincent, 
Capt., k. in a., 31/10/14. 
Barrett, Adrian Hamilton 
Silverton, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. 
in a., 10/7/16 (att. 14/Bn.). 

18 Bartle, George, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 2/11/16 (att. 
9/Bn.). 



bom. 


G. 


Gallipoli. 


enlisted. 


I. 


India. 


died. 


E. 


Egypt. 


died of wounds. 


P. 


Palestine. 


killed in action. 


S. 


Salonika. 


France & Flanders 


Se. 


Serbia. 


(including Italy). 


Gib. 


Gibraltar. 


Mesopotamia. 


E.A. 


East Africa 


OFFICERS 





14 Bartley, John, M.C., 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 31/10/18. 
9 Baxter, Ian Alexander, M.C., 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

30/5/18. 
I Baynes, R. H. B., Lt., k. in 

a., 14/7/16. 
16 Bennett, Herbert, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 22/4/18. 
16 Bevers, Isaac Gwilyn, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 2/8/17. 
10 Binny, Steuart Scott, D.S.O., 

Lt.-CTol. (Tp.), k. in a., 

3/3/16 (R.O., 19 Hus.). 
12 Birch, Howard, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 9/4/16 (att. 

8/Bn.). 

10 Blake, George Penderell, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
20/7/16. 

1 1 Bone, Victor Arnold, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a.. 18/9/18. 
3 Bottomley, Frederick, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), drowned, 4/5/17. 

15 Bowes, Roy. M.C., T/Lt. 

(A/Capt.), d. oi w., 5/8/17. 
3 Bowles, Reginald Julian 

Albany, Lt., d. of w., 

20/7/16. 
3 Brennan, John Henry, Capt., 

k. in a., 19/10/14. 
I Brocklebank, Ralph Royds, 

2/Lt., d. of w., 16/5/17. 
3 Brodie, William Alan, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 13/5/18. 
3 Brown, John, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

drowned, 4/5/17 (Garr. 

Bn.). 
10 Broxup, John William, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 24/4/17. 
3 Brunt, Henry John Francis, 

Lt., k. in a., 25/9/15 (att. 

i/Bn.). 

1 Cadogan, Henry Osbert 

Samuel, Lt.-Col., k. in a., 
30/10/14. 

2 Camies, Ernest Arthur, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 15/7/16. 
Campp.ell, Victor Robert 
Wilkie, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in 



a., 7/9/18 (3/Garr. Bn.) 
(att. 23 Ches. R.). 
10 Capell, Arthur Edward, 2/L. 

(Tp.), k. in a.. 13/11/16. 
2 Casson, Randal Alexander, 
2/Lt., k. in a.. 26/9/17. 

8 Cawley, Robert, Lt. (Q.M.), 

d., 30/6/18. 

1 Chance, Guy Ogden de Pey- 

ster, Lt., k. in a., 19/10/14. 

Chapman, Herbert, 2/Lt. 

(T/Lt.), d. of w., 29/5/15. 

14 Charles, George Harold, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 31/10/18. 

2 Childe - Freeman, John 

Arthur, M.C., Capt., k. in 
a., 25/9/15. 
Coles, Herbert Stonehouse, 
Capt., k. in a., 16/5/15. 

3 Colquhoun, Ernest Forbes 

Campbell, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
26/9/17 (att. 2/Bn.). 
2 Conning, Thomas Rothsay, 
M.C., Lt., k. in a., 27/5/17. 
1/2 Coster, Ernest M.C., 

T/2/Lt. (A/Capt.), k. in 
a., 26/9/17. 

9 CowiE, William Anderson, 

M.C., Lt. (A/Capt.), k. in 
a., 30/5/18. 
10 Cree, Adrian Victor, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 17/2/16. 
Crosland, John Herbert, Lt., 
d.. 13/4/19 (att. K. Afr. 
Rifs.). 
2 Crosland, Trevor Allington, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 22/6/16. 

10 CuRRAN, Henry, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 25/4/17- 

11 Curtis, Harry Reginald, 

Major (Tp.), k. in a.. 
18/9/18. 
I Dadd, Edmund Halton, Capt. 
(Tp.), k. in a.. 3/9/16. 
17 Daniel, Ralph Picton, Capt. 

(Tp.). k. in a., 31/7/17- 
22 Daniel, Thomas Cieorge, Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 23/11/17 
(att. 19/Bn.). 
Darwell, Thomas Walter, 



APPENDIX VIII 



2/Lt., k. in a., 18/9/18 (att. 

14/Bn.). 
10 Davies, David, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 13/11/16. 
10 Davies, David Ethelstone, Lt. 

(.Tp.), k. in a., 18/6/17. 
19 Davies, Ernest Glvn, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 5/7/16. 

15 Davies, Evan, Major (Tp.), 

k. in a.. 27/7/17. 
18 Davies, John Charles, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 12/4/17. 

16 Davies, John Morris, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 8/10/18. 
16 Davies, John Wesley, Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 26/3/16. 

8 Davies, Joseph Ithel Jehu, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
3/9/16 (att. i/Batt.). 
13 Davies, Robert Humphrey, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
23/8/18. 

9 Davies, Sydney George, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 31/7/17. 
13 Davies, William Lloyd, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 31/7/17- 
2 Davis, Thomas Edward 

George, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in 

a., 27/3/17. 
2 DiGGLE, Joseph, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a.. 23/8/18. 
10 Dixon, Ernest, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 19/8/16. 

1 DoBELL, Colin Macpherson, 

Lt., d. of \v., 30/5/18 (att. 
9/Bn.). 

2 DoLLi.vG, Caledon Robert John 

Radcliffe, 2/Lt. (Tp.) 
(A/Capt.), k. in a., 20/8/16. 
I DooNER, Alfred Edwin Claud 
Toke, Lt., k. in a., 30/11 /14. 
DoL'GHTV - WvLiE, Charles 
Hotham Montagu. V.C, 
C.B.. C.M.G., Lt.-Col., k. in 
a., 28/4/15. (Staff.) 

1 Dove, Etienne Howard, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 30/3/17. 
8 Dunn, Philip Morgan, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 3/2/17. 
8 Dyche, John, Lt. (Tp.), d. 

of w., 28/1/17. 
18 Edmunds, Gwynne Rhys, Lt., 

k. in a., 20/7/16. 
23 Edridge-Green, Henry Allen, 

2/Lt., d., 5/11/18 (and 

R.A.F.). 
17 Edwards, Algernon Stuart, 

Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 31/7/17. 

3 Edwards, Henry Laidley Gar- 

land, Lt., d. of w., 16/5/15 
(att. i/Bn.). 
3 Edwards, John Francis Coster, 
Lt. (A/Capt.), d. of w., 
10/11/18 (att. 24/Batt.). 

2 Edwards, John Ivor Jones, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
31/10/18 (att. 24/Batt.). 
13 Edwards, Kenneth Grenville, 
Lt. (Tp.). k. in a., 8/5/18. 
Egerton, Rowland Le Bel- 
ward, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
30/1 1/14. 

3 Elliott, George Keith, Lt., k. 

in a., 8/9/18 (att. 25/Bn.). 



15 Ellis, Ceredig, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 19/7/16. 
1/2 Ellis, Hughie Lodwick 

Maldwyn, 2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of 

w., 5/5/17. 
19 Ellis, Robert Thomas Hugh, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 13/10/17. 
13 Evans, Bertram Trevor, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 22/4/18. 
3 Evans, David Edward, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 26/8/18. 
17 Evans, David Owen, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 12/2/16. 
1/2 Evans, David William, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 8/10/18 (att. 

14/Batt.). 
I Evans, John, 2/Lt., k. in a., 

19/9/18. 
17 Evans, Norman Edward, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 4/11/18. 

8 Evans, Oscar James, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 5/1/16. 
Evans, Richard Parry, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 14/5/17. 
Evans, Thomas Richard, 

D.S.O., T/Major (A/Lt.- 

Col.), k. in a., 3/10/18 (att. 

1/6 N. Staff. R.). 
3 Evans, William Edwards, 

2/Lt., k. in a., i/s/17 (13) 

(att. 13/Bn.). 
Farren, William Ignatius 

George. Lt., d., 29/3/18. 
3 Fenn, Edward Gerald Palmer, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

19/9/18 (Garr. Bn.) (att. 

1/5 Essex R.). 
IS Fleming, Reginald Henry, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

11/7/16. 

9 Fletcher, Horace William, 

2/Lt. (T/Lt.), d. of w., 
26/3/17 (att. 7/Bn.). 
Fletcher, Joseph Harold, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
25/11/17 (att. 19/Bn.). 
Fletcher, Walter George, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 20/3/15 (att. 
2/Bn.). 
13 Flower, Oswald Swift, Lt.- 
Col. (Tp.), d. of w., 
12/7/16. 
10 Follit, Charles Albert Roy, 
D.S.O., Capt. (Tp.), d. of 
w., 20/8/16. 
FoxALL, Thomas William, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
2/10/18 (3/Garr. Bn.) (att. 
2s/Garr. Bn. K. L'pool R.). 
10 Freeman, Edward, Major 
(Tp.), k. in a., 3/3/16. 
3 French, Robert Mason Jack- 
son, Capt., d. of w., 
19/2/16. 
I Gabbett, Richard Edward 
Phillip, Lt.-Col., k. in a., 
16/S/15. 
3 Gannon, John Howard, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), killed, 9/10/17 (att. 
ii/Bn.). 
9 Garvin, Samuel, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 27/3/17 (att. 1/7 Bn.). 
16 George, Thomas, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 27/8/18. 



3 Gladstone, William Glynne 
Charles, Lt., k. in a., 

13/4/1S. 
10 Godfrey, Leonard George, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 20/7/16. 
3 Gore, Gerard Ribton, 2/Lt., 
d. of w., 20/12/14 (att. 
2/Bn.). 

1 Green, George Binch, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 11/6/18 
(att. 7/Shrop. L.I.). 

2 Griffith, Arthur Charles 

Fleming, Lt., k. in a., 
8/10/18 (att. 17/Bn.). 

15 Griffith, William Henrj', 

M.C., 2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

5/7/17. 
I Griffiths, William George, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
9/3/18 (att. 5/Bn.). 
10 Griffiths, William Percival, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
30/3/16. 

3 Groser, Arthur Hugh, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 22/9/16 (att. 
i/Bn.). 
10 Hale, William John Douglas, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

28/4/17. 

16 Hancock, Harold, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 19/9/18. 
9 Handley, Walter, 2/Lt. (Tp.). 

k. in a., 25/3/18. 
19 Hargreaves, Frank, Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a.. 12/7/16. 
18 H.\RRiES, Howard Lock, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 13/11/16 
(att. lo/Bn.). 
I Harris, Arthur Harold, 2/Lt., 
d. of w., 4/7/18 (att. 
i6/Bn.). 
Harris, Charles Henry, 2/Lt., 
d. of w., 19/9/18 (att. 
ii/Bn.). 
9 Harris, Nathan Leonard, 
M.C., Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
28/8/18. 

17 Harris, Percy George, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 11/8/17 

(and R.F.C., 21 Sqd.). 
16 Harris, William Handel, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

26/8/18. 
14 Harrison, Brian, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 10/7/16. 
8 Hay, Archibald, Major, 

(T/Lt.-Col.), k. in a., 

3/2/17. 
3 Heastey, George Rodney, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 20/7/16. 
16 Heatly, Charles Frederick, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

17/4/18. 
13 Heaton, Harold Sinclair, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

22/4/18. 
Heaton, Lionel James, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 29/8/18 (att. 

17/Batt.). 
8 Herington, Percy Godfrey, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

15/2/17. 
2 Heycock, Edwin, 2/Lt. (Tp), 




BHIOADH^R-(".I-:NI-:nAL A. W. G. I.OWIIY-COLK, C.U., D.S.O. 
Commanded the 2.'jth Infantry lJri«ade of the Slli Division. His bri^'ade played a prominent part 
in the IJattie of Nfeuve Chapelle. lie was killed while directing operations against the Aiibers Ridge 
on 'Jth May 1915. 
288] 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



289 



k. in a., 27/9,/ii (att. 
14/Bn.). 
Hill, Hugh. M.V.O.. D.S.O., 
Bt.-Lt.-Col., k. in a., 
10/9/16. (Staff.) 

8 Hill, William, Hon. Lt. & 

Qr.-Mr., d.. 11/10/15. 

12 Hills, Ernest Leslie, Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of \v., 26/1 1 /15 
(att. N. Nigeria R.). 

IS Hinds, William Pugh, Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of \v., 2/2/16. 

IS HoDKiNSON, Leonard, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 14/9/17 
(and R.F.C.. S3 Sqd.). 

9 Hogg, Lewis Stephen, Capt. 

(& Adjt., Tp.), k. in a., 
25/9/15- 
3 HoLLiNGBERY, Raymond 
Archibald Robert, Lt., k. in 
a., 6/7/16. 

12 Holme, Bertram Lester, Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 25/4/16. 

19 HoPE-EvANS, Timothy Idwal, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
23/11/17. 
I HosKYNS, Edwin Cecil Leigh, 
Lt., k. in a., 20-21/10/14. 
17 Howell, George Woodboume, 
2/Lt.. k. in a., 22/6/18 (att. 
1/2 En.). 
9 HoYLE, Basil William Edmond, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

25/9/15- 
8 Hubbard, Alfred William, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

25/1/17- 
I Hughes, Horatio Clement, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

18/9/18 (att. ii/Bn.). 
3 Hughes, Hugh Darrell, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 14/1/17 (att. 

8/Bn.), 
10 Hughes, John Edwyn. 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w.. 19/8/16. 

20 Hughes, John Gwilym, Lt. 

(Tp.). killed, 3/11/16 (att. 

9/Bn.). 
20 Hughes, Maurice Thomas, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

30/5/16 (att. 13/Bn.). 
10 Hughes, Tegerin, Capt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 1/4/ 1 6. 
10 Hughes, William, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a.. 3/3/16. 
Hughes, William Francis, 

M.C., M.M., 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 7/9/18. 
19 Humphrey - Jones, Cecil, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

24/11/17. 
14 HuNKiN, William Burrows 

Clement, M.C., Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 3/11/18. 

13 HuTCHiNS, Frederick Charles, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
22/4/18. 
10 Huxley, Joseph, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 22/4/18 (att. 
14/Bn.). 
I Jackson, Dudley William 
Gerald, Capt., d. of w., 
13/4/16. 

IV — 19 



2 Jackson, James Battle, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 23/4/17. 
9 Jagger, Arthur Stannus, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 1/10/18. 
10 James, Albert John Stanley, 

D.S.O., M.C., T/Major 

(A/Lt.-Col.), k. in a., 

28/3/18 (att. 8/Bn., 

K.O.R.L.R.). 
14 James, Enoch Lewis, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 18/2/17. 
13 James, Gwilym, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 8/10/18. 
James, Vivian Gwynne, Lt., 

k. in a., 26/3/17 (att. 

7/Bn.). 

13 James, William David, M.M., 

2/Lt., k. in a., 8/10/18. 

3 James, Walter Ibbe, Lt., k. 

in a., 25-27/9/15. 

19 James, Wilfred Sydney, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 24/1 1/17. 
3 Jenkins, Cyril Donald 

Thomas, Lt., killed, 2/ 10/ 16. 
3 Jenkins, Sidney Oswald, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 22/8/18 

(att. lo/K. Shrop. L.L). 

20 Jennings, Gouldbourne Hay- 

ward. 2/Lt., k. in a., 
10/8/16 (att. lo/Bn.). 

10 Johns, Bernard Digby, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 17/2/16. 

14 Jones, Arthur Lloyd, M.C., 

Capt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
3/9/18. 

1 1 Jones, Cecil Hughes, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 18/9/18. 

15 Jones, Clifford, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 2/8/17. 
3 Jones, Daniel Thomas, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 4/5/17- 
3 Jones, Edwin Tudor, Capt., 

k. in a., 3/9/16 (att. i/Bn.). 
8 Jones, Ernest Kerrison, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 3/7/16. 

12 Jones, Evelyn Llewellyn 

Hustler, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
26/3/17 (att. s/Bn.). 

2 Jones, Francis Leonard 

Clarence, M.C., M.M., 2/Lt., 
k. in a., 1/9/18. 
17 Jones, Harold Madoc, Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 31/7/17- 

13 Jones, Harold Vivian, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 10/7/16. 
10 Jones, Henry Myrddin, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.). k. in a., 13/11/16. 

10 Jones, Hugh, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. 

in a., 3/9/16. 

1 Jones, John Harold, 2/Lt, 

(Tp.), k. in a., 1/10/17. 

3 Jones, Leonard, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 16/5/15 (att. i/Bn.). 

14 Jones, Stanley, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 25/2/17. 
Jones, Stanley, Capt., k. in 
a.. 16/5/15. 

2 Jones, Thomas Stephen, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 26/9/17 (att. 
lo/Bn.). 
13 Jones - Bateman, Francis, 
Capt., k. in a., 4/11/18. 

11 Jones - Savin, John Savin, 



2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
27/3/17- 

2 Jones-Vaughan, Evan N., 

Capt., k. in a., 26/10/14. 

3 Keepfer, William Robert 

Cyril. 2/Lt., k. in a., 
4/11/16 (att. 2/Bn.). 
9 KiLVERT, Harry, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
d. of w., 1/8/17. 

15 King, David, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. 

in a., 31/7/17- 
i Kington, William Miles, 
D.S.O., Capt., k. in a., 
20/10/14. 

13 Lack, Reginald Walter, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 29/9/16 (att. 

i/Bn.). 
Law, Harry, Lt., d. of w., 

7/7/15- 
9 Lawes, Charles Gilbert, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 27/10/16. 
I Lewis, Arthur Starkey, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 4/5/17 

(Garr. Batt.). 

16 Lewis, David Elw>'n, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 18/9/18. 

17 Lewis, Joseph Henry, T/2/Lt. 

(A/Capt.), k. in a., 8/10/18 
(att. 1/7 Ches. R.). 
17 Lewis, Llewelyn, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 1-12/7/16. 
I Lewis, Thomas William, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 27/10/17. 
3 LiNDSLEY, George Vincent, 
2/Lt., d. of w., 16/3/17 
(att. 2/Bn.). 
16 Linton, Frederick Tom, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 22/4/18. 
Llewellyn, Edward Thomas, 
Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 18/5/18 
(4/Garr. Bn., att. 9/Bn.). 

14 Llewellyn, Vivian, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 3/11/18. 
10 Lloyd, Charles Gordon, Lt., 

d.. 9/6/15. 
13 Lloyd, Frank Stuart, Major 

(Tp.), d. of w., 5/9/17. 
1/2 Lloyd, James Percival, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 25/7/17 

(att. i6/Batt.). 
I Lloyd, M. E., Capt., k. in a., 

23/10/14. 
Lloyd, Robert Love, Major, 

d. of w., 9/12/15. 
8 Lloyd, Walter, Capt., k. in a., 

7/8/iS. 

15 Lloyd, William Robert, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 12/7/18. 
3 Lord, Arthur George, 2/Lt., 
k. in a., 20/7/16. 
10 Lord, Charles Henry, Major 
(Tp.), d., 30/12/14. 
Lynch, Harold Francis, 2/Lt., 
k. in a., 16/5/15. 
10 Lyons, William Thomas, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
3/3/16- 
McIntosh, Joseph Francis, 
Lt. (Tp.), drowned, 
io/io/i8 (att. 2/Bn.). 
1 McKay, Frederick, Lt., d. of 
w.. 28/2/17. 
McBean, Donald. Lt. (Tp.), 



290 



APPENDIX VIII 



k. in a.. 15/3/16 (att. 
lo/Bn.). 
9 McCammon, Charles Duncan, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 3/7/16. 

1 Madlev, Lewns George, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a.. 14/5/17. 
9 Madocks, Henr>' John, Lt.- 

Col. (Tp.), k. in a., 25/9/15. 
3 Mair, George Hay, Lt., d., 

1 4/ 1 2/ 1 8 (att. R. Sussex 

R.). 
9 Manders, S. G., Capt., d., 

9/12/18 (and R.A.F.). 

2 Mann, John Charles, M.C., 

A/Capt., k. in a., 26/9/17. 

3 Mann, Robert Leonard. 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 9/10/14 (att. 

i6/Bn.). 
9 Manwaring, Jack Lancaster, 

M.C., 2/Lt. (Tp.), d., 

15/11/16. 
3 Martin, William Howard, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

31/7/17 (att. 2/Bn.). 
II Meecham, David Jeffreys. 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

27/3/17. 
Miller, Reginald de Hoche- 
pied Marillier, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
d. of w., 27/10/18 (3 Garr. 
Bn.). 

14 Mills, Robert Henry, Major 

(Tp.), k. in a.. 10/7/16. 

15 Morgan, Emlyn Thomas, Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 7/2/16. 
19 Morgan, George Hamilton. 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
23/11/17. 
I MoRGA.N, Geoffrey Penney, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
14/7/16. 
Morgan, Guy Williams Stuart, 

Capt.. k. in a., 25/9/15. 
Morgan, Herbert (jlyn Rhys, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
31/7/17. 
1/2 Morgan, John Towlson, 
Capt., k. in a., 29/10/18 
(and R.A.F.). 
I Morgan. Wilfrid, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 18/9/18 (att. 
ii/Bn.). 
Morris, Arthur Cukelyn, Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 17/2/18 
(att. R.F.C.). 
Morris, Charles Herbert, Lt., 
k. in a., 13/4/17 (and 
R.F.C.). 
Morris, John Torrington, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 16/5/15. 
9 Moss, Enoch Frank, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 17/9/16. 
Naylor, Rowland Edmund, 
Lt., k. in a., 16/5/15. 
1 Newton, Vivian Frederic, 
2/Lt., d. of w., 15/9/16. 
14 NiCHOLLS - Jones, Thomas 
Cyril, Lt., (Tp.), k. in a., 
v/8/17. 
3 Or ME, Edward Leslie. Lt., k. 
in a., 27/5/17 (att. i/Bn.). 
I Or ME, Francis Reginald, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 7/11/14. 



1 Ormrod, Lawrence Moreland, 

M.C.. Capt.. d., 25/8/17. 

14 Or MS BY, Harold Sydney, 

T/Lt. (A/Capt.), d. of w., 
18/2/17. 

15 Osborne-Jones, Noel, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 8/5/16. 

16 Owen, Henry James, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 24/8/18. 

2 Owen, John Morris, T/Lt. 

(A/Capt.), k. in a., 23/4/17. 

3 Owen, Thomas John, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 19/2/17 (att. 
8/Bn.). 
13 Owen, Thomas Starr, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 8/10/18. 
9 Owen, Vernon Elias, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 29/11/15. 

16 Owen, William, 2/Lt., d. of 

w., 27/8/18. 
15 Owens, Arthur Owen, 2/Lt., 
k. in a., 22/4/18 (att. 
i6/Bn.). 
10 Page, Henry, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
20/7/16. 
Palfreyman, a., 2/Lt., d. of 

w., 9/ 1 0/18 (att. i6/Bn.). 
Parker, Colin. 2/Lt., d., 
25/10/18 (3 /Garr. Bn., 
whilst P. of W. in enemy 
hands). 
Parkes, Horace Frederick, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 12/3/15. 
10 Parry, James Hywell, Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 5/9/17. 
9 Payne, Edward Geoffrey, 
Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

25/9/15. 
Pen SON, Thomas Edward, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 18/9/18 
(att. 25/Bn.). 

17 Perrett, Fred Leonard, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., I / 12/18. 
2 Phillips, Arthur, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 23/4/17. 
9 Phillips, James Williams, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

30/5/18. 

2 Phillips, Ralph Noel, Capt., 

d. of w., 27/12/14. 
1/2 Pickard, Harry Lawson, 
M.C, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
20/10/18 (att. 9/Bn.). 

3 Pilling, William, M.C, 

2/Lt., d., 22/10/18 (att. 
2/Bn.). 
20 Porter, Graham Hawksworth, 
Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
3/10/16. 
8 Powell, Scott, Capt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 4-5/4/16. 
3 Pritchard, T. L., Capt., d. of 

w., 9/11/14 (att. 2/Bn.). 
I Pritchard, David, 2/Lt., k. 
in a., 19/3/16. 
Pritchard, Henry, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.). k. in a., 7/4/18 (att. 
Hood Bn.). 
13 Pritchard, John, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 4/9/17. 
1/2 Raby, William Donald, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 8/10/18. 
IS Radcliffe, Ernest Charles 



Derwentwater, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 31/7/17. 
Ramsay, William James, Lt., 
k. in a., 27/3/18 (and 
R.F.C.). 
I Refs, Albert Lloyd, Lt. (Tp.), 
k. in a., 6/11/17. 
19 Rees, Edgar George, 2/Lt., k. 
in a., 23/1 1/17. 
Rees, Edward Davies, 2/Lt. 
(Tp.), k. in a., 13/6/17 
(att. i6/Bn.). 
3 Rees, Edris, 2/Lt., d. of w., 

27/10/17 (att. i/Bn.). 
16 Rees, Henry Hugh Tre- 
garthen, 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in 
a., 11/7/16. 
Rees, John Trevor, 2/Lt., k. 
in a., 22/1/15. 

15 Rees, Roland Gwj'n, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 10-11/7/16. 
14 Rees, Tom, Lt., k. in a., 

17/9/16 (and R.F.C.). 
I Richardes, Roderic Alexander 

William Prj-se, 2/Lt., d. of 

w., 18/9/18 (whilst P. of 

W. in Bulgarian hands). 
14 Richards, Gwilvm Owen, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

23/4/18. 

16 Richards, John, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 15/3/18. 

17 Richards, Llewelyn Thomas, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

4/9/15. 
I Richardson, Mervyn Stronge, 

Capt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

19/3/16. 
14 Roberts, Alan Sheriff, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 10/7/16. 
9 Roberts, Cadwalader Glyn, 

Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 3/7/16. 

1 Roberts, Frederick Sheriff, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 28/8/18 (att. 

9/Bn.). 
14 Roberts, Howel Dilwj'n, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

31/10/15. 
17 Roberts, Henry Sheriff, Capt., 

k. in a., 27/8/17. 
17 Roberts, Idris. 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

d. of w., 3/9/18. 
Roberts, Thomas Owen, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 18/9/18 (att. 

14/Bn.). 
3 Robertson, Helenus Mac- 

Aulay, Capt., k. in a., 

26/1/16 (att. 2/Bn.). 

2 Robinson, James Thompson, 

Lt. (Tp.). k. in a., 7/9/18 
(att. 24/Batt.). 

3 Rowland, Stanley Jackson, 

Lt., k. in a.. 2/11/17 (att. 

1/8 Scot. Rifs.). 
Rowland, William Henry, 

2/Lt., d., 22/2/19 (att. 

26/Bn.). 
10 Rowlands, Charles William, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

26/9/17. 
9 Rtck-Keene, Ralph Edgar 

Lt. (Tp.). killed, 16/1/16. 
12 RuDD. William Ferris, Capt., 

k. in a., 13/11/16. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



291 



2 Samson, Arthur Legge, M.C., 

Capt., k. in a., 25/9/15. 
13 Samuel, James Frederick, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

22/4/18. 
Saunders, Gwilyn Essex, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

18/9/18 (att. i6/Bn.). 
Savage, John Brown, 2/Lt., 

d. of \v.. 16/5/15. 

10 Scale, George Devereux, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
20/7/16. 

19 Shankland, Llewelyn Ap 

Tomas, Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
25/11/17. 

20 Singleton, William James, 

Lt. (Tp.), drowned, 
10/10/18 (att. 3/Bn.). 

8 Sinnett-Jones, Gilbert Lloyd, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
4/4/16. 

3 Sinnett-Joxes, James Victor, 

2/Lt.. k. in a., 10-12/7/16 
(att. 17/Bn.). 

1 Snead-Cox, (Geoffrey Phillip 

Joseph, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
20/10/14. 

11 Spooner, Ronald Alan, Capt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 23/9/16. 

2 Stable, Lascombe Law, Capt., 

k. in a., 26/10/14. 

12 Stanley, Robert Oliver, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 9/4/16. 
1 1 Stockdale, Frank, Capt. 
(Tp.), d. of w.. 19/9/18. 

2 Stone, Ellis Robert Cunliffe, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 26/10/14. 
17 Styles, Arthur Horatio, Lt. 
(Tp.), d. of w., 26/7/16. 
SuTCLiFFE, Sydney, 2/Lt., k. 
in a., 2/10/17 (and R.F.C., 
II Sqd.). 

13 Sw'AiN, Robert Ernest, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.). d. of w., 8/7/16. 

3 SwEETLAND, Rupert Girard, 

2/Lt., d. of w., 26/1/17. 

9 Symons, Charles Fleming 

Jelinger, Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

25/9/15- 
I Syrett, Alfred Montague, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

4/5/17- 
1 1 Taggart, Herbert, 2/Lt., k. 

in a.. 8/5/16 (att. 15/Bn.). 
16 Tanner, David Thomas, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 31/8/16. 

1 Taylor, Guy Collins Vernon, 

Lt., k. in a., 2/10/17. 
15 Thomas, Basil Llewellyn 

Boyd. Lt. (Tp.). k. in a., 

9/4/17 (att. 27/M.G.C.). 
Thomas, David Arthur, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 4/5/17- 
3 Thomas, David Cuthbert, 

2/Lt., d. of w., 18/3/16. 
15 Thomas, David John, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 22/4/18 (att. 

13/Bn.). 
10 Thomas, George, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 13/11/16. 

2 Thomas, George Oliver, Capt., 

k. in a., 26/9/15. 



3 Thomas, Herbert Gordon, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 13/1 1/16. 

I Thomas, Noel Lavender, 
2/Lt., k. in a., 18/9/18 
(att. ii/Bn.). 
Thomas, Regrinald Spenser 
Dudley, 2/Lt., k. in a., 
18/9/18 (att. 25/Bn.). 

9 Thomas, Richard Nixon, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
23/8/15. 
16 Thomas, Rufus William, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
9/5/18 (att. 113 T.M.B.). 

16 Thomas, Thomas, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 10/1/16. 

17 Thomas, Thomas Oliver, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

10-12/7/16. 
19 Thomas, Tudor, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 25/11/17. 
14 Thompson, Arthur George, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

2/6/16. 
3 Thompson, Edward James 

Vibart CollingAvood, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 10/9/14. 
3 Thompson, Walton Downing, 

Lt., d. of w., 2/9/18 (att. 

1/6 H.L.L). 
Tobias, Leslie Mark, Capt., 

d., 25/2/19 (2/GarT. Bn.). 
1/2 Tyrrell, Walter, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 4/9/18 

(att. 17/Batt.). 
3 Vaughan-Jones, Edward, Lt., 

k. in a., 11/5/18 (att. 

ii/Bn.). 
14 Venmore, James Frederick, 

Lt. (Tp.), k. in a.. 

n/7/16. 
10 Vernon, Leonard Patrick, 

M.C., Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

18/6/17. 
I Vy\^an, William Geoffrey, 

Capt., d. of w., 24/10/14 

(in German hands). 
10 Walker, John Arthur, Capt. 

(Tp.). k. in a., 19/2/16. 

14 Webb, Joseph Gilbert, M.C., 

Lt.. d., 9/5/18. 
Webb-Bowen, Hugh Ince, 

Capt., d. of w., 23/5/15. 

(Staff.) 
13 White, John Stephen Grant- 
ham, Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

31/7/17. 
3 Wilding-Jones, Hugh Wynn, 

Lt., d. of w., 22/9/18 (att. 

ii/Bn.). 
13 \\'illiams, Arthur Ivor 

Meakin. Capt., d. of w.. 

9/10/18. 
10 Williams, Arthur Owen, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

16-19/8/16. 

15 Williams, Arthur Trevor, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

4/9/17 (att. R.F.C.). 
17 Williams, Bleddyn, Capt., k. 

in a., 22/1/16. 
10 Williams, Edwin Gordon, 

2/Lt., d. of w., 13/5/17- 



10 Williams, Evan, 2/Lt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 10/4/17. 
12 Williams, Gwilym. 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), d. of w., 21/5/16 

(att. 17/Bn.). 
Williams, Howell, 2/Lt. 

(T/Lt.), d., 21/2/17 (att. 

Gold Coast R.). 

14 Williams, Hugh Powell, 

Capt. (Tp.), k. in a. 

5/6/16. 
17 Williams, Hywel, Capt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 10-12/7/16. 
1/2 Williams, Idwal, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 26/9/17. 
Williams, James Griffith, 

Lt., k. in a., 27/8/18 (att. 

17/Bn.). 
19 Williams, James Morgan, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 9/5/18 (att. 

17/Bn.). 
19 Williams, John, Capt. (Tp.), 

k. in a., 30/6/17. 
10 Williams, Lewis, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 18/8/16. 
10 Williams, Peter, 2/Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 13/11/16. 
19 Williams, Philip Ernest, 

M.C., Capt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

24/11/17. 
9 Williams, Reginald Joseph, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

25/9/15. 
17 Williams, Richard, 2/Lt., d. 

of w., 2/4/18 (att. M.G.C.). 
10 Williams, Richard Henry, 

2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

13/11/16. 
17 Williams, Richard Lloyd, 

Capt. (Tp.), d. of w., 

2/8/17. 
Williams, Roderick Matha- 

far, Capt., k. in a., 12/8/17 

(2/Garr. Bn.) (R.F.C., 32 

Sqd.). 
3 Williams, Thomas Benjamin, 

2/Lt.. k. in a., 27/5/17 (att. 

2/Bn.). 

15 Williams, Vivian Pedr., 

2/Lt., k. in a., 22/4/18. 
3 Williams, William. 2/Lt., d., 
27/2/17 (att. i/Bn.). 
17 Williams, William George, 
Capt. (Tp.), d. of w., 
29/8/17. 
9 Williams, William Henry, 
2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 
6/11/17 (att. 7/Bn.). 
I Williams, William Ifor, 
2/Lt., d. of w., 18/3/18 
(att. i6/Bn.). 

16 Williams, William James, 

M.C., 2/Lt., k. in a., 

19/9/17. 
3 Williams, William James 

Minister, 2/Lt.. k. in a., 

7/2/16 (att. 2/Bn.). 
14 Williams, William John, Lt. 

(Tp.), k. in a., 25/2/17. 
Williams-Meyrick, Edmund 

Oswald Griffith. Lt. (Tp.), 

d., 7/5/16 (Garr. Batt.). 
3 Wilson, Neville Inchbold, 



292 



APPENDIX VIII 



M.C, Lt., k. in a., 6/4/18 

(att. 4/Bn.). 
3 Wilson, Philip Stanley, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 20/8/16 (att. 

2/Bn.). 
13 Winter, Thomas Barron, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 24/4/18. 
3 Wolff, Gustav Frederick, 

A/Capt., k. in a., 21/3/18 

(att. M.G.C.). 
Wood, Charles Edmund, Capt., 

k. in a., 11/3/15. 
IS Wood, William Leslie, 2/Lt. 

(A/Capt.), k. in a., 7/5/17. 
Woodward, Charles Francis, 

Lt., d. of w., 20/5/15. 
17 Wright, William Clifford, 

Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

10-12/7/16. 
10 Wynne-Williams, Humphrey 

Evan. 2/Lt. (Tp.), k. in a., 

30/3/16. 



DENBIGHSHIRE YEOMANRY 
24th Batt. R.W.F. 

Allison, Robert Stafford, 2/Lt., 

k. in a.. 16/6/17. 
James, Alyn Reginald, Capt., k. 

in a., 24/3/18 (and R.F.C.). 
Miller, John Kingsley, Lt., k. in 

a., 19/9/18. 
RooPER, William Victor Trevor, 

Capt.. k. in a., 0/10/17 (and 

R.F.C.). 
Sandbach, Gilbert Robertson, 

Capt., d. of w., 3/7/17. 
Thomas, Llewellyn, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 27/12/17. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE 
i YEOMANRY 

25th Batt. R.W.F. 

Capper, Edward Walter, Lt., k. 

in a., 14/4/17 (and R.F.C.). 
Charlesworth, Frederick Ray- 
mond, Capt., d. of ., 19/9/18. 
Ellis, Rae Adam, Capt., d. of 

w., 22/9/18. 
Fitzhugh, Godfrey, Capt., k. in 

a., 31/10/17. 
Langrishe, Hercules R., Lt., 

killed, 16/2/17 (and R.F.C.). 
NoRRis, William Eric, 2/Lt., 

killed, 14/1/18. 
Roberts, Harry Cureton, Lt., k. 

in a., 27/12/17. 



WELSH HORSE YEOMANRY 

Jones, Herbert Wyman, Lt., d. 

of w., 24/3/18 (and M.G.C.). 
Roch, William Protheroe, Lt. 

(A/Capt.), k. in a., 11/3/18. 
Shirley, Archibald Vincent, 

2/Lt.. k. in a., 8/6/17 (and 

R.F.C.). 
Thomas, Owen, Capt., d., 

21/8/17. 



4th (DENBIGHSHIRE) BAT- 
TALION (TERRITORIAL) 

Bartlett, Arthur, 2/Lt., d. of 

w., 12/4/18 (in German hands). 
Beynon, William Charles, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 3/5/17- 
Blaxley, Stewart Lenton, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 23/4/17. 
Brown, Ernest James, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 31/7/17- 
Croom-Johnson, Brian, Lt., k. in 

a., 9/5/15. 
Davies, John Howard, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 4/7/17. 
Davis, Reginald Percy, 2/Lt., d. 

of w., s/io/15. 
Ellis, John William, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 27/5/18. 
Ellis, William John, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 23/3/18. 
Evans, Francis Graham, Lt., d., 

26/9/16. 
Evans, John Arthur, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 27/1/17. 
Evans, John Eric, Capt., d. of w., 

9/5/iS- 
EvANS, Robert Cecil, Lt., k. in a., 

6/4/18. 
Evans, Rhys Trevor, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 1/9/17. 
France - Hayhurst, Frederick 

Charles, Lt.-Col., k. in a., 

9/S/15. 
Hazeldene, John Turner Clough, 

2/Lt., killed, 9/5/15- 
Holland, Thomas Welsby, Lt., k. 

in a., 18/9/18. 
Howard, John Brereton, Capt., d. 

of w., 6/4/18. 
Howe, Claude Arthur, Capt., k. 

in a., 20/11/17. 
Hughes, John Arthur, Lt., d. of 

w., 26/1/15. 
Jones, Thomas Esmor, Lt., k. in 

a., 6/4/18. 
Mills, John Birchell, 2/Lt., d. of 

w., 1 6/4/1 7. 
Minshall, Thomas Charles 

Wynn, Capt., d. of w., 25/3/18. 
Morse, (herald Ernest, 2/Lt., 

killed, 31/10/17 (and R.F.C.). 
Nash, Harold John, Lt., k. in 

a., 24/3/18. 
Phillips, David Charles, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 16/8/17. 
Prichard, John Walter, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 18/9/18. 
QuiCKE, Henry, Lt., k. in a., 

23/3/18. 
Shaw, Bernard Lynton, Lt., k. in 

a., 23/4/17. 
Shingler, John Stanley Marsh, 

M.C, Capt., d. of w., 4/9/18. 
Walshe, James, Lt., k. in a., 

6/4/18. 
Welsh, Alexander Torburn, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 3/5/17- 

5th (FLINTSHIRE) BAT- 
TALION (TERRITORIAL) 

.^RNOLD, Frederick Marshall, Lt-, 
k. in a., 27/3/18. 



Bate, Thomas, Lt., k. in a., 

26/5/17. 
Beckton, William, Lt., killed, 

23/3/18 (and R.F.C.). 
Bradley, Horace Walter, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 10/2/17. 
Brash, Edmund, 2/Lt., d. of w., 

2/9/18. 
Evans, A. F., Lt., k. in a., 

30-31/10/18 (and R.A.F.). 
Hayes, John Henry, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 31/7/17. 
Head, Bernard, Major, k. in a., 

12/8/15. 
Jervis, Percy William, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 3/4/17- 
Jones, John Humphrey, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 8/10/18. 
Leland, John Henry Frederick, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Lovelock, Clifford Andrew, 

2/Lt., d., 20/11/18. 
Mocatta, Robert Menzies, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Morris, Tom Bernard, Lt., d. of 

w., 23/7/17. 
Nichols, Clifford, Capt., k. in a., 

31/7/17 (and M.G.C.). 
Overton, John, 2/Lt., k. in a., 

22/3/18. 
Philips, Basil Edwin, Lt.-Col., k. 

in a., 10/8/15. 
Roberts, Arthur Howell, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 20/10/18. 
Synnott, Fitz Herbert Paget, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Thomas, Evan Llewellyn, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 26/3/17. 
Tregarthen, Ernest William, 

Lt., killed. 18/3/18. 
Trickett, William Edwin, Major, 

d., 21/11/17. 
Walton, Robert Clare, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 10/8/15. 
Williams, Hugh Osborne, Lt., 

d. of w., 12/8/15. 
Woodcock, Geoffrey Herbert, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 6/4/18. 



6th (CARNARVONSHIRE 
AND ANGLESEY) BAT- 
TALION (TERRITORIAL) 

Anson, Walter Frank Vernon, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 8/11/17. 
Anthony, John Richard, Capt., 

d. of w., 25/5/17 (and R.F.C.). 
Bagnall, Philip Walter Jowett, 

2/Lt.. k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Bean, Bevis Heppel, Lt., k. in a., 

18/6/17 (and R.F.C.). 
Craddock, Percy Frederick, Capt., 

k. in a., 25/2/17. 
Davies, .A.rthur Charles, Capt., k. 

in a., 10/8/15. 
Edwards, John Henry, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 21/9/18. 
Evans, Griffith William, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 22/4/18 (att. R.A.F.). 
Foss, Frederick George, Lt., k. in 

a., 6/11/17. 
Griffiths, Edwin Harold, 2/Lt., 

d. of w., 23/10/18. 




|}Hi:vi:t i.iiaj i:.\an r-coi.oxi;!. iiidii hii.l, d.s.o., m.v.o. 

Was nri}{a(le Major to the .lullimdiir Brigade, Lahore Division, wiiich arrived in 1-" ranee in September 
1011. In May 1<»1.'> lie was appointed I). A. A. and O.M.d. ; in Aujiust A.O.M.C. with the aelinj^ rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel. In October he heeaine ("..S.O.I toliieSth Division. After Ihe l-irsi l$attleof the 
Somnie the division was moved to the |{etlnn)e front, and it was here that Lieulenant-Colonel Hill was 
killed by a sniper wliile inspectin^i the front line. He was bmied at IJelluine. 
2'.>21 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



293 



Ireland, Walter Ernest, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 26/3/17. 
Jones, Evan, 2l\J.., k. in a., 

6/11/17. 
Jones, Gwilym Rhys, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 10/8/15. 
Jones, Owen Morris, Lt., k. in 

a., 31/10/18. 
JONES-M.\NLEY, David Henry 

George, Capt., k. in a., 6/11/17. 
Miller, John, Capt., k. in a., 

19/8/1S. 
Parkinson, Thomas, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 12/9/18. 
Perry, William Johnstone, 2/Lt., 

killed, 21/5/16. 
Rogers, Arthur, 2/Lt., k. in a., 

26/3/17. 
Williams, Arthur Llewellyn, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 26/3/17. 
Williams, George Stewart Louis 

Stanislaus Stevens, 2/Lt., k. in 

a., 8/9/18. 

7th rMERIOXETH AND 
MONTGOMERY) BAT- 
TALION (TERRITORIAL) 

Axtens, Harold Surridge, Lt., k. 

in a., 6/4/18. 
Beadon, Basil Herbert Edwards, 

Capt., k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Beanland, Joseph Wilfred, 

T/Capt., k. in a., 14/8/15. 
Brown, Herbert James, Lt., k, in 

a., 6/11/17. 
Buckley, Edmund Maurice, 

2/Lt., d. of w., 12/8/15. 
Burdett, Thomas George Deane, 

M.C., Capt., k. in a., 6/11/17. 



Davies, Albert Gordon, 2/Lt., d. 

of w., 1/8/17. 
Evans, Hywel Llewellyn, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 26/9/17. 
GoFF, William Setten, M.C., Lt., 

k. in a., 22/4/18. 
Grant, Albyn Evan Powell, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 14/8/15. 
Gregory, Kenneth Stuart, Lt.. k. 

in a., 10/11/17 (and M.G.C.). 
Hailstone, George Rupert, Capt., 

k. in a., 6/11/17. 
Harries, Eric Guy, Capt., d. of 

w., 17/8/15. 
Hughes-Davies, Arthur Gwynne, 

M.C., Lt.. k. in a., 20/9/18 

(and M.G.C.). 
HuRLBUTT, Percival, M.C., Hon. 

Capt., d., 8/6/18 (att. 25/Bn.). 
James, Ralph Lionel, 2/Lt., d., 

3/8/17. 
Jones, Ivor Wyn, 2/Lt., d. of w., 

9/6/17- 
Jones, Owen Cecil, Major, d. of 

w., 30/12/17. 
Jones, Owen Gwilym, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 26/3/17. 
Jones, Russell Hafrenydd, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Jones, Titho Glynne, Lt., k. in a., 

20/4/17. 
Jones, Vavasor, 2/Lt., k. in a., 

19/5/15. 
Jones, Wilfrid Griffith, Lt., k. in 

a., 6/4/18. 
Jones, William Hugh, 2/Lt., k. 

in a., 21/6/17. 
Lloyd-Jones, Edward W'ynne, 

Capt., k. in a., 10/8/15. 



Lloyd-Jones, Ivor Thomas, Capt., 

k. in a., 26/3/17. 
Newman, Leslie Cambridge, Lt., 

d. of w., 27/12/17 (in German 

hands). 
Owen, Humphrey Francis, Lt., k. 

in a., 24/3/18. 
Parry, Robert, 2/Lt., d. of w., 

26/3/17. 
Plowden, Godfrey Bruce, Capt., 

d., 2/2/17. 
Reed, Andrew Gordon, Capt., k. 

in a., 10/8/15. 
Roberts, John William, 2/Lt., d. 

of w., 23/3/18. 
Roberts, William, Lt., k. in a., 

27/12/17. 
Roberts, William Lloyd, Lt., k. 

in a., 6/1 1/17. 
SiLcocK, Bertram Baker, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Thomas, Edward Geoffrey, Lt., 

d., 10/10/18. 
Valient, James, Lt., d. of w., 

28/10/17. 
Walker, Edward William, Capt., 

k. in a., 6/11/17. 
Watson, George Walker, 2/Lt., 

killed, 29/12/16. 
Wheeler, Augustus Henry, 

Major, k. in a., 10/8/15. 
Whittingham, Lewis Stuart, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 28/2/17. 
Williams, Frederick, Lt., k. in 

a.. 24/6/18 (and R.A.F.). 
Wilson, John Edward Goodwin, 

2/Lt., k. in a., 16^8/17. 
Windsor, Harold George, 2/Lt., 

k. in a., 8/10/18. 



ist BATTALION 

Abrahams, J., b. Bradford, 

47220, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
AcKERLEY, J. H., b. Rossett, 

18858, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Acton, F., e. Liverpool, 5370S. 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Adams, T., b. Lymn, 5105, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 5/6/16. 
Ainsworth, H., b. Denton, 4219, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/7/16. 
AiRD, W. J., b. Birmingham, 

6494, Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Ambrose, H. G., b. Damerham, 

4402, Sgt., d. of w., F., 

29/11/14. 
Amphlett, T. W., e. Wrexham, 

17643, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/«'5. 
Andrews, G., b. Dowlais, 17451. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/7/15- 
Andrews, G. A., b. Newport, 

5666, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

28/9/iS. 
Andrews, H. H., b. Bristol, 



OTHER RANKS 

17001, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

28/8/16. 
Ankers, S., b. Wrexham, 4893, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Armshaw, G., b. Birmingham, 

9884, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/4/15. 
Armstrong, G., b. Liverpool, 
18 1 86, Pte., d. of w., F., 

15/3/15. . . , 

Ashdown, E., b. Birmingham, 

6849, Pte., d., F., 19/6/17. 
Ashley, P. W., b. Runcorn, 

2j,'j22, Pte., d. of w., F., 

i3/j/i7- 
AsQUiTH, W., b. Liverpool, 

17920, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/8/16. 
Atkins, E., b. Birmingham, 5011, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/16. 
Atkins, F. C, b. Birmingham, 

19309, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/6/16. 
Atkins, W., b. Wolston, 9717, 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Atwell, F. R., b. London, 9919, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/10/14. 
Austin, J., b. Newcastle, Staffs, 



56300, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/3/17. 

Bacon, H. A., b. Normanton, 

24809, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17. 
Bailey, J. E., b. Thornton Heath, 

23854, Sgt., d. of w.. Home, 

9/1/18. 
Bailey, W. A., b. Birmingham, 

19308, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17. 
Baker, W., b. London, 10337, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 21/10/14. 
Baldwin, E., b. Higher Walton, 

4594, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/11/14. 
Ball, H., e. Southport, 266873, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/10/17. 
Ball, T., b. Birmingham, ii353. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Balnaves, F. F., b. Birmingham, 

1 1384, Pte., d. of w., F., 

14/3/15- 
Banner. J., b. Worcester, 9930, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 21/10/14. 
Banning, A. H., b. Birmingham, 

10421, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 



294 



APPENDIX VIII 



Barguss, G. W., b. Slough, 9824 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Barker, J., b. Birkenhead, 18193 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Barnes, D. A., b. London, 27536 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 17/10/16 

M.M. 
Barnes, R. J., b. Millbrook 

31630, Pte., d., F., 8/7/16. 
Barnes, W., b. Arnold, 19758 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Barnett, H., b. St. John's Kenil- 

worth, 9016, Pte., k. in a., F. 

19/10/14. 
Barnett, P., b. Aldershot, 9018 

L/Cpl.. d., F., 25/2/15. 
Barratt, J., b. Wigan, 17215 

Pte., d., F., 15/9/15- 
Barter, J. T., b. Cardiff, 9791 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Batchelor, R., b. Hungerford 

6225, Pte., d. of w., F. 

13/10/17. 
Bateman, T., b. Birmingham 

9661, Sgt., k. in a., F. 

14/5/16. 
Baylis, B. J., b. Barnsley 

10836. Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Baylis, E. T., b. Birmingham 

9623, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/S/17- 
Beale, W. E., b. Carnarvon 

10471, L/Sgt., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Beardwood, H. B., e. Liverpool 

53950, L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

6/5/17. 
Beech, G., b. Stockport, 11463 

Pte., k. in a., F., 17/5/15. 
Beeks, J. A., b. Hereford, 10969 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Bellis, E. W.. b. Wre.xham 

5329, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Bench, C. b. Leamington, 108 12 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Bendall, F., b. Prestwich, 28499 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/12/16. 
Bennett, L E., b. Cinderford 

61370, Pte., d., Italy, 12/3/18 
Bennett, S., b. Northop, 5845 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 14/7/16. 
Berridge, a., b. London, 10291 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Berry, W., b. Rhiwderin, 18100 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Bevan, J., b. Wrexham, 4913 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 9/12/16 
Benvon, R. G., b. Swansea 

19783, Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16 
Bingham, J., b. Birmingham 

10869. Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/1/15. 
Birchall, R., b. Latham, 53771 

L/Cpl-, k. in a., F.. 14/5/17. 
Bishop, A., b. Llangibby, 18145 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 28/5/16. 
Bishop, T.. b. Warwick, 9658 

Sgt., d. of \v.. F., 27/10/17. 
Blake, E., b. Horninglow, 6479 

Cpl.. k. in a.. F., 19/10/14. 
Blake, W. G., b. Chipping 



Norton, 10683, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 30/10/14. 
Blavlock, H., b. Crewe, 33214 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Bloomfield, W., b. Stockport 

7829, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Bloor, R., b. Runcorn, 17335 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 7/10/15 
Bolton, G. H., b. Harbome 

5920, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/14. 
Booth, A., b. Claycross, 36590 

Pte., d. of \v., F., 7/7/16. 
Boughey, J. L., b. Fenton, 5727 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
BouLD, G., b. Shrewsbury, 19383 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Boulter, H., b. Oxford, 8636 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/3/16. 
Boundy, C. E., b. Carnarvon 

TTZ2,. Sgt., k. in a., F. 

20/10/14. 
Bovndy, F. H., b. Wrexham 

10202, Sgt., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Bourke, J., b. Manchester, 55712 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/5/17. 
Bowen, W. J., b. Ferndale, 5019 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/3/15- 
Bowhay, H. H., b. London 

10800, Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/.II/I4. 
Bovvker, E. v.. b. Bangor-on- 

Dee, 8482, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

4/5/17. 
Bowler, J., b. Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 7649, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Bowles, A., b. Oswestry, 5723 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 19/12/14. 
Bowles, C, b. Rogerstone, 5094 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/3/15. 
BoYTON, G., b. Cheltenham 

17300, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Brace, L J., b. Aberdare, 24421 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 
Brackley, T., b. Grangetown 

9939. Sgt., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Bradley, J. S., b. Liverpool 

67753, Pte., k. in a., F. 

2/10/17. 
Bradshaw, F., b. Hadfield, 3820 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/11/14. 
Bradshaw, J., e. Colwyn Bay 

53677, Pte., k. in a., F. 

11/1/17. 
Bradshaw, L. R., b. London 

10753, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/10/14. 
Bradshaw, W. T., b. Ardwick 

8310, Pte., k. in a., F, 

5/7/16. 
Brain., H., b. Southam, 9009 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Bratherton, G., b. Chester 

5501, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Brazendale, a., b. Kirkdale 

53772, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/5/17. 



Breton, J., b. Islington, 22632, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 13/10/17. 
Bridgman, W. H., b. Ashsted, 

10363, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

16/5/15. 
Brindal, a. S., b. Cardiff, 31942, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/10/17. 
Broadhurst, E., b. Birmingham, 

9790, Pte., d., F., 30/11/14. 
Broderick, M., b. Bristol, 9171, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Brookes, W., b. Nannerch, 

15855, Pte., d.. Home, 

29/10/18. 
Brooks, C. W., b. London, 

35048, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Broomhall, R., b. Walton, 9259, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Brotherton, S., b. Birmingham, 

108-25, Pte., d. of w., F., 

19/10/14. 
Brotherwood, a., b. West Ham, 

17446, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

10/12/16. 
Brown, J., b. London, 8160, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Brown, J., b. Chester, 33038, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/5/17. 
Brown, J., b. Hednesford, 19747, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/8/16. 
Brown, T., b. Dublin, 10004, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/8/15. 
Brown, W., b. Whitchurch, 

241799, Pte., k. in a., F., 

2/10/17. 
Brown, W. E. A., b. London, 

27517, Pte., k. in a., F., 

2/1 1/16, M.M. 
Brownsey, a. H., b. Rimpton, 

56608, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Bruton, W. a., e. Mountain Ash. 

Glam., 70449, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/17. 
Buckley, P., b. Aberavon, 11781, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Bullivant, G., b. Birmingham, 

8480, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/11/14. 
Bunce, W., b. Saltney, 11096, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Bunnell, A., b. Tarvin, 5839, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 16/5/15. 
Bunney, T. J., b. Penrhiwceiber, 

10542, Pte., d. of w., F., 

1/11/14. 
BuRGE, G., b. Longeaton, 16787, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Burton, J., b. New Mills, 36003, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 15/5/17. 

D.C.M. 
Burton, W., b. Garw Valley. 

13673, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/7/i6. 
BusTiN, R. J., b. Birmingham, 

7985, Cpl., d. of w., F., 

25/2/17. 
Butler, J., b. Bradford, 19162, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/6/15. 
Butwell, W. a., b. Birmingham, 

8104, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/S/1S. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



295 



Byrne, G., b. Liverpool, 11098, 
L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 

Cadman, H., b. Wolverhampton, 
4424, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Caldwell, G., b. Birmingham, 
6809, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Campbell, J., b. St. Helens, 
45588, Pte., k. in a., P., 

21/-/17. 
Campouser, J., b. Swansea, 6209, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Capelin, B., b. Wrexham, 53604, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/4/ 1 7. 
Caroll, F., b. Aberavon, 6135, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Carpenter, S., b. Down Ampney, 

10838. Pte.. k. in a., F., 

19/10/14. 
Carroll, J. T., b. Spitalfields, 

23902, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Carter, W., b. S. Oswald, 3397S> 

Pte.. d. Italy, 22/9/18. 
Cassells, R., b. Liverpool, 

12154, Pte., k. in a., F., 

i/io/i7- 
Castrey, a., b. West Bromwich, 

5790, Sgt., k. in a., Italy, 

3/5/18. 
Challenger, D., b. Abertillery, 

47245, Pte., d. of w., F., 

9/10/17. 
Chamberlain, A., b. Brierley 

Hill, S639, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

20/3/16. 
Champion, G. F., b. Cardiff, 

4239, Sgt., d. of w., F., 

3/9/16. M.M. 
Chapman, P. M., e. London, 

45692. Pte., k. in a., F., 

9/10/17- 
Chappell, G., e. Manchester, 

53762. Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/3/17- 
Charles, J., b. Barry Port, S549> 

Pte.. k. in a.. F., 16/5/15- 
Checkett, F. E. a., b. Birming- 
ham. 10724, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Cheers, S., b. Chester, 10472, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 19/5/15. 
Chesterton, E., b. Islington, 

6200, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Chick, W., b. Bridg\vater, 6378, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Child, J., b. Glossop, 1 75 1 5. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/10/15. 
Chivers, a., b. Chadderton, 

56577. Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/10/17. 
Clancey, D., b. Cardiff, 10970, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/16. 
Clark, F., b. Lymm, 24444, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 16/3/16. 
Clark,- H., b. Stepney, 10799, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 25/1/15. 
Clarke, A., b. Crewe, 331 13, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/7/17. 
Clarke, A. H., b. Coventry, 6253, 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Clarke, C. A., b. Birmingham, 



9816, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Clarke, F., b. Hounslow, 9370, 

Dmr., k. in a., F., 27/10/14. 
Clarke, G., b. Cardiff. 5 114, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Clarke, W., b. Plymouth, 5307, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 16/3/ 1 6. 
Clarke, W., b. Chester, 5804, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Clay, A., b. Wolverhampton, 

5714, A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

16/7/16. 
Clayton, J., b. Llandudno. 27665, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 29/8/16. 
Clifton, R. A., e. Cardiff, 31692, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Clower, a., b. Ripley, 31031, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/16. 
Cohen, L., e. Liverpool, 54178, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/12/16. 
Colclough, J., b. Tunstall, 24648, 

Sgt., k. in a., Italy, 27/10/18. 
Cole, W., b. Seaforth, 8304, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 23/10/14. 
Coles, F. J., b. Manchester, 

11208, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Collacott, R., b. St. Austell, 

6082, Pte., k. in a., F., 

11/3/15- 
Collier, G., b. Walsall, 7010, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Collier, J. T., b. High Beech, 

53773, Pte., k. in a.. F., 

10/10/17. 
Collins, J., b. Liverpool, 63596, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17- 
Ccu,iNS, W. J., b. Hawarden, 

7/521, Pte., k. in a., Italy, 

23/10/18. 
Compton, C. H.. b. Mountain 

Ash, 4950, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

9/10/17- 
CoMPTON, F., b. Taunton, 5260, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/3/15. 
Condrey, C, b. Wrexham, 8184. 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
CooK, C, b. Warwick, 19261, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
CooK, F., b. Walsall, 7043, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
CooK, W. M., b. London, 10294, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 20/10/14. 
Cooper, C. L., b. London, 10405, 

Pte., d., P., 31/10/14. 
Cooper, F., b. Birmingham, 13380, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
CoRBETT, J. J., e. London, 28066, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
CoRNES, W. H., b. Birmingham, 

6260, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Cornish, T., b. Wrexham, 10919, 

Cpl., d. of w.. F., 26/1 /i 5- 
CoTTER, W. J., b. Aberdare, 

10847, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
CouLSON, C., b. Llanhilleth, Mon., 

171 52, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
CouLSON, W., b. Oswestry-, 10297, 

Pte., d., F., 9/8/iS- 
CouLTHARD, J., b. St. Patrick's, 



Stockton, 7163, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 21/10/14. 
Cranmer, C. T., b. Black Tor- 

ington, Devon, 63665, L/Cpl., 

k. in a., Italy, 31/10/18. 
Craven, S., b. Birmingham, 8284, 

C.Q. M.S., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Croft, T., b. Radcliffe, Lanes, 

54162, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17- 
Croft, W. E., b. Worthen. Salop, 

6273, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 

Crook, T., b. Bolton, 23514, Pte., 
k. in a., F., 15/5/17- 

Crooks, F., b. Parr, St. Helens, 
10985, Pte., k. in a., F., 
6/11/14- 

Cross, J., b. Pembridge, Here- 
ford, 6256, Pte., d.. Home, 
17/2/17. 

Crossley, E., b. Aston, Hawar- 
den, 12493, Pte., d. of w., F., 
26/2/17. 

Crow, F., b. Ardwick, Manches- 
ter, 18701, Pte., k. in a., F., 
19/7/16. 

Crowder, W. G., b. Birmingham, 
53774, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17. 
Crowley, L., b. Newport, Mon., 

4416. Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/2/16. 
Crowther, J. T., b. Clayton-le- 

Moors. Lanes., 23861, Pte., k. 

in a., F., 15/5/17- 
Cuel, H. S., b. Dublin, 5261, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Culliford, p., b. Llangeinor, 

Glam., 13860, Pte., k. in a., 

Italy, 3/5/18. 
CuRRAN, W. W., b. Swansea, 

69200, Pte., k. in a., Italy, 

9/8/18. ^. . ^ 

Dalley, J. E., b. Birmingham. 

8322, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Dalrymple, E., b. Workington, 

24094, L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

2/9/16. 
Dando, F., b. Bristol, 5588, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 14/5/17- 
Dandy, H., b. Willenhall, Staffs, 

9642, C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16, M.M. 
Darcy, J., b. St. Mary's, Chester, 

18199, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/7/16. 
Darlington, A., b. Openshaw, 

Lanes, 56620, Pte., d.. F., 

14/12/16. 
Davies, a., b. Canton, Cardiff, 

10488, Pte., d., F., 12/7/17- 
Davies, a., b. Wrexham. 10840, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 31/10/14. 
Davies, a., b. Birkenhead, 10936. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14- 
Davies, .\., b. Aberdare, 10798. 

Pte., d., F., 9/1 1/18. 
Davies, C, b. Boughton Heath, 

Cheshire, 10953. Pt*-, !<• '" a., 

F., 16/5/15- 
Davies, D., b. Abergele, 5718, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/12/14. 



296 



APPENDIX VIII 



Davies, D., b. Pontywaith, Glam., 

18121, Pte., k. in a., F., 

9/10/17, M.M. and Clasp. 
Davies, D., e. Lampeter, 53958, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Davies, D. D., b. Trehafod, 

Glam., 4632, L/Cpl., k. in a., 

F., 25/9/15. 
Davies, D. J., b. Llanwonno, 

Glam., 9265, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/S/15. 
Davies, D. S., b. Cefn, Breck- 
nock, 17738, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/10/15. 
Davies, E., b. Llanbeblig, Car- 

nanon, 4675, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 6/11/14. 
Davies, E., b. Merthyr, 181 18, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/4/16. 
Davies, G., b. Church Stoke, 

Mont., 9329, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

24/7/15- 
Davies, H.. b. Montgomery, 

10482, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/1S. 
Davies, H. H., b. Bethesda, Cam., 

5809, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Davies, I., b. Mardy, Glam., 

12180, Pte., k. in a., F., 

S/7/16. 
Davies, I., b. Femdale, 16477, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Davies, J., b. Bo'mbo, Denbigh, 

10872, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Davies, J., b. Eglwysbach, Den- 
bigh, A/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

IS/-2/IS- 

Davies, J., b. Aberhosan, Mont., 

10507, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Davies, J., b. Femdale, 11321, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 2()l2liT. 
Davies, J., b. Liverpool, 36569, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/S/16. 
Davies, J., b. Bridgend, 75380, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/17. 
Davies, J., b. Abergele, 11069, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Davies, J., b. Mold, 5931, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Davies, J. W., b. Chester, 11 139, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/10/14. 
Davies, J. W., b. Aberdare, 

13438. Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Davies, O., b. Aberystwyth, 6071, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Davies, P. J., b. Prestatyn, 11351, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 30/1/15. 
Davies, R.. b. Pentre Ystrad, 

4873. Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/1/15. 
Davies, R. H., b. Cwmyglo. 

40349. Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Davies, R. J., b. Wrexham, 3126, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 22/1/15. 
Davies, R. J., b. Swansea, 10024, 

Sgt., k. in a.. F., 28/8/16. 
Davies, R. W.. b. Wrexham, 

4815, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 



Davies, S., b. Ruthin, 15425, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Davies, T., b. Merthyr Tydvil 

5750, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Davies, T., b. Wrexham, 16931 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Davies, T., b. Cwmbwrla, 47248 

Pte.. d., Italy, 6/11/18. 
Davies, T. J., b. Abertillery 

1 92 1 5, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

S/5/17. 
Davies, W., b. Monmouth, 6040 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Davies, W., b. West Ham, 56621 

Pte., d. of w., F., 3/10/17. 
Davies, W. J., b. Bethesda 

44275, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17- 
Davies, W. T., b. Dolfrwynog 

53605, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/3/17. 
Davis, B., b. Stafford, 11345 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Davus, F. H., b. Birmingham 

II 383, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

29/8/16. 
Deacon, W. H., b. Leicester, 

24370, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/8/16. 
Dean, J., b. Padiham, 39718 

A/Sgt., d. of w., Italy, 3/11/18 
Dean, T. D., b. London, 5289 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14- 
Desmond, J., b. Cwmbran, Mon. 

4370, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15- 
Dexter, E., b. Peterborough 

4546, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Dier, R. S., b. Pembroke Dock 

10572, Pte., k. in a., F. 

19/10/14. 
DiLNOTT, W. H., b. Coventry 

8821, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

30/6/16. 
Dinning, R. C, b. Glasgow 

1 1033, L/Cpl., d., F., 25/10/18 
Dislev, W., e. Preston, 55724 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/2/17. 
Dixon, W. G., b. Bangor, 55714 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 2/10/17. 
DoBBY, F., b. Leytonstone, 27286 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
DoBSON, T., b. Chester, 4499 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
DoDD, A., b. Chester, 7863, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 15/6/15. 
DoDD, W. A., b. London, 27081 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Dolman, J., b. Buratwood, Staffs 

24263, Pte., k. in a., F. 

29/4/16. 
Donovan, M., b. Ireland, 19155 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/6/15. 
Dooley, W. H., b. Westminster 

8460, Pte., k. in a., F. 

24/12/14. 
Doubler, F., b. Roath, 16806 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/9/17. 
DowLiNG, J., b. Slough, 9866 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
DowNES, J., b. Manchester, 5523 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 



Driscoll, D., b. London, 23915, 

Pte., d., Italy, 31/10/18. 
DucKERs, T. W., b. Birkenhead, 

6650, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

28/8/16. 
Dugdale, T., b. Liverpool, 4466, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/7/16. 
DuGGAN, G., b. Hereford, 54915, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/17. 
Duke, T., b. Cork, 17406, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
DuNDON, C. J., b. Kirkdale, 

19486, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
DuRKiN, W., b. Chester, 11440, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
DuTTON, A. E., b. Weston, 

Cheshire, 17340, L/Cpl., k. in 

a., F., 25/9/15. 
DuTTON, B., b. Pontnewydd, 

5699, Pte., d. of vv., Home, 

29/12/14. 
DuTTON, R., b. Pendleton, 266886, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 3/10/17. 
Dyson, G. H., b. Swansea, 9331, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/11/16. 
Eaton, S. E., b. Llandudno Junc- 
tion, 53876, Pte., d., F., 

13/1/17. 
Ebenezer, J. D., b. Nantcwnlle, 

40399, Pte., d. of \v., F., 

13/1/17. 
EccLES, J. W., b. Birmingham, 

9004, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/3/15. 
Edmunds, W., b. Coventry, 9897, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 13/11/14. 
Edwards, A., b. Newport, 4943, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Edwards, A. T., b. Aberyst%vyth, 

2yo22, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Edwards, D., b. Bangor, 8408, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Edwards, D. J., e. Swansea, 

5-?oS9, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17. 
Edwards, E., b. Denbigh, 76913, 

Pte., k. in a., Italy, 23/10/18. 
Edwards, H., b. Llantrisant 

Valley, 12026, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 28/8/15. 
Edwards, H. W., b. Conway, 

53693, Pte., d. of w., F., 

6/5/17- 
Edwards, p. T., e. Flint, 53904, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/7/17. 
Edwards, R. E., b. Corwen, 

34944, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

28/8/16. 
Edwards, R. T., b. Wrexham, 

8907, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/5/15. 
Edwards, R. W., b. Coedpoeth, 

3971, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Edwards, T., b. Wrexham, 4852, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 13/3/15- 
Edwards, T., b. Aberporth, 9448, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 24/7/15. 
Edwards, W., b. Brecon, 2681, 

Cpl., d. of w., Home, 7/10/15. 
Edwards, W., b. Newton-le- 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



297 



Willows, 4189, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 16/5/15- 
Edwards, W., b. Trehariis, 11 123 

A/Cpl.. d., Home, 6/10/18. 
Edwards, W., b. Holywell 

538S9. Pte., k. in a., F. 

22hll-J. 

Edwards, W. H., b. Llanfyllin 

40390, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Edwards, W. J., b. Perth, 23176 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 4/8/17- 
Egan, M., b. Widnes, 235703 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Ellis, D. J., b. Conway, 6032 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Ellis, E., b. Denbigh, 5346 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Ellis, E. P., b. Blaenau Fes- 

tiniog, 53689, Pte., d. of w. 

F., 10/1/17. 
Ellis, J., b. Buckley, 5289, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Ellis, R., b. Oswestr>', 8486 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Ellis, W., b. Llanddeiniolen 

40178, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Ellson, F., b. Chester, 8201 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Elson, W., b. Cardiff, Glam. 

56987, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

1/10/17. 
Elvis, J., b. Tylorstown, 5887 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
EvAxs, E., b. Oswestry, 8589 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/8/15. 
Evans, E., b. Menai Bridge 

53609, Pte., k. in a., F. 

12/1/17. 
Evans, E., b. Merthyr, 29510 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/12/10. 
Evans, E., b. Camar\-on, 40342 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/8/16. 
Evans, H. A., b. Birmingham 

9605, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Evans, J., b. Wrexham, 8932 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/5/15. 
Evans, J., b. Skewen, 18147 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Evans, J., b. London, 56605, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Evans, J., b. Pontypool, 16992 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 
Evans, J., b. Wrexham, 53690 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/2/17. 
Evans, J. S., b. Denbigh, 41 18 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/6/15. 
Evans, R., b. Caio, 37488, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 21/8/16. 
Evans, R., b. Denbigh, 53692 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/1/17. 
Evans, R. C, b. Oswestry, 5151 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Evans, R. T., b. Llanstyndwy 

53779. Pte., k. in a., Italy 

3/S/18. 
Evans, S., b. Denbigli, 40842 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Evans, S. C, b. Newport, 6137 

Cpl., d. of w., F., 21/7/15. 
Evans, T., b. Tally Harris, 17757 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 



Evans, W., b. Pendeo'n. 11227, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Evans, W. A., b. Llanberis 

40432, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Evans, W. H., b. Merthyr Tydvil 

33528, Pte., d., Italy. 24/7/18 
Evans, W. H., b. Wrexham, 6419 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Ewington, T. G., b. Abercynon 

5 191, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15- 
Eyton, J. R., b. Wrexham, 10032 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Fallon, J., b. Manchester, 8265 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Farr, T., b. Dowlais, 56601 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 29/8/16 
Farrell, G., b. Chester, 5137 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/12/14. 
Fathers, T., b. Oxford, 8144 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Faulkes, L. R., b. Islington 

26828, Pte., d. of w., F. 

6/9/16. 
Fawcett, W., b. Tranmere, 8311 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Fear, S., b. Carmarthen, 33251 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Fenton, J. T., b. Manchester 

33263, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/3/16. 
Ferguson, T., b. Flint, 3670 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Fern, W., b. Llanbeblig, 7083 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Fernes, a., b. Bradford, 235535 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Fieldhouse, a., e. Trefynant 

53612, Pte., k. in a., F. 
2/10/17. 

Filsell, a., b. Swanwick, 10581 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Finch, F., b. Miles Platting 

235534. L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

1/10/17. 
Finch, J. C, b. Leamington 

11853, Pte., d. of w., F. 

22/1/15. 
Fisher, J., b. Wrexham, 5643 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Fitzpatrick, F., b. Liverpool 

10143, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/10/14. 
Fletcher, T., b. Leamington 

6183, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Flint, W. C, b. Pontypridd 

5107, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Flook, F., b. Pontypool, 16988 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Flynn, p., b. Manchester, 6112 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 29/12/14. 
Forsyth, J., b. Liverpool, 10962 

Pte., d., F., 25/8/18. 
FoRTT, W. H., b. Malta, 42201 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/17. 
Forward, P. V., b. St. James' 

Taunton, 10712, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 16/5/15- 
Foulkes, T., b. Old Colwyn 

53613, Pte., k. in a., F. 
4/5/17- 



Fowler, B., b. Bonnymaen, 

40019, Pte., d. of w., F., 

16/7/16. 
Fox, M. A., b. Swansea, 4634, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Fox, W., b. Worcester, 55706, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 14/S/17. 
Frampton, H., b. Cardiff, 10604, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Franklin, A., b. Lambeth, 

11390, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/1S- 
Franklin, G., b. Newport, 17442, 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 29/1 1/17, 

M.M. 
Freebury, W., b. Wroughton, 

18864. Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Freeman, H., b. Manchester, 

5320, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/1S- 
French, W., b. Rhos, 9964, Pte.. 

d., F., 13/6/15. 
Fry, R. E., b. Dublin, 9788, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 6/11/14. 
Fury, W., b. Leigh, Lanes, 17679. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Gale, F., b. Llanhilleth, 17346, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/6/15. 
Gape, D., b. Swansea, 6374, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Gardner, H., b. Birmingham, 

1 1343, Pte., d. of w., F., 

3/1/15- . . , 

Garrett, A., b. Birmingham, 

9895, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 

Gaunt, F., b. Birmingham, 

19484, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Gee, O.. b. Macclesfield, 9997. 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 25/11/15- 
George, G. F., b. Bengeworth, 

7023, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

24/10/14. 
George, T., b. Aberdare, 61 82, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Gerrard, J. F., b. Chester, 7624, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
GiBBARD, G., b. East Ham, 10433, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Gibson, J., b. Whitehaven. 24460. 

L/Cpl.. d. of w., F., 23/7/16. 
Giles, J. F., b. Birmingham, 

11421, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. , . 

Gillespie, J., b. Llandudno, 

53816, Pte., d. of w., F., 

10/1/17. 
Gittins, a., b. Newtown, 53618, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/12/16. 
Gittins, G., b. Buckley, 10477. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16, M.M. 
Gleed, J., b. Penalt, 11669, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Goddard, J., b. Aberavon, 54 '3. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Godfrey, F., b. Pontypridd, 505S. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 13/4/15. 
Godwin. W., b. Cardiff, 4,22%, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Goldstein, P.. b. Birmingham, 

17078, L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 

25/9/15- 



298 



APPENDIX VIII 



Goodwin, J. T., b. Rochdale 

46578, Pre., k. in a., F. 

23/7/17. 
Goodyear, F.. b. Coventry, 10149 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Goodyear, J., b. St. Helens 

1 840 1, Pte.. d. of \v., Italv 

12/3/18. 
Gordo -N', J. J. B., b. Stoke, 7 121 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 4/5/17. 
Goulden, F. L., e. Altrincham 

19380. Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/8/16. 
GowER, G. T., b. Islington, 26807 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/1/17. 
Graham, A., b. London, 24848 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/7/16. 
Gray, J., b. Mountain Ash, 6191 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Green, E. W., b. Birmingham 

4124, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/7/16. 
Green. F. E., b. Cheltenham 

5963, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/14. 
Green, J., b. Treforest, 56627 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Green, J., b. Elwell, Notts 

20986, Pte., k. in a., F. 

10/10/17. 
Green, R., b. Luton, 34816, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 30/8/16. 
Greenall, E., b. St. Helens 

56583, Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/10/17. 
Greenway, F. W. F., b. Birming- 
ham, 6413, L/Cpl.. d., F. 

15/12/14. 
Griffin, W., b. London, 10464 

Pte., d. of w., F., 18/2/15. 
Griffith, J., b. Aberffraw 

69187. Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/10/18. 
Griffiths, D., b. America 

56628, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Griffiths, E., b. Rhosvbol 

40813, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Griffiths, G., b. Wrexham 

10916. Pte., d. of %v.. Home 

31/5/15- 
Griffiths, J., e. Wrexham 

53674, Pte., k. in a., F. 

12/1/17. 
Griffiths, O., b. Denbigh 

53846, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/2/17. 
Griffiths, R. B., b. Lland- 

deiniolen, 40109, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 24/9/16. 
Griffiths, T. H., b. Carnarvon 

53821, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/5/17- 
Griffiths, W., b. Mold, 4629 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Griffiths, W., b. Treherbert 

5914, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Griffiths, W., b. Ty Croes 

43909, Pte., d., Italy. 20/4/18 
Grimshaw, J., b. Hulme, 66654 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/17. 



Gueran, W. G., b. London, 8946 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Gunn, T. C, b. Leicester, 35464 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/8/16. 
Gwenall, p., b. Birmingham 

9918, Pte., k. in a., F. 

15/12/14. 
Habberley, T. H., b. Barrow 

6334. Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Hadwen, C. G., b. Birkdale 

53776, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

9/10/17. 
Hagan, W., b. Dudley, 6424, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 27/11 /14. 
Hall, C. J., b. Christchurcli 

Ashton, 4912, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/1S. 
Hall, J., b. Liverpool, 4621, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hall, S., b. Whixall, 6308, Pte. 

k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Hall, T., b. Hurst, Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 11 180, Pte., k. in a., F. 

15/12/14. 
Hamer, T. E., b. Newtown 

17285, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
HAMLgTT, J., b. Ruabon, 53622 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/3/17. 
Hannah, A., e. Queensferry 

53888, Pte., d. of w., F. 

4/5/17. 
Haxnigan, W., b. Tredegar 

17356, Pte., d. of w., F. 

11/10/15. 
Harding, A., b. Market Drayton 

11472, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15- 
Harding, J., b. Worcester, 9988 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Harding, W., b. Market Drayton 

1 1 47 1, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Harley, J. S., b. Llandrillo, 5342 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Harries, C, b. Llanelly, 17003 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 21/5/15. 
Harris, F., b. Clyro, 31819, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 1/7/16. 
Harris, G., b. London, 12411 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/1/15. 
Harris, I., b. Birmingham, 4066 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Harris, J., b. Pentre Ystrad 

4526, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Harrison, J., b. Tarleton 

267200, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/10/17. 
Harrod, R., b. Birmingham, 6213 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Hart, W. A., b. Llandudno 

20007, Sgt., k. in a., Italy 

3/5/15. 
Hasprey, T., b. Dudley, 6393 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/4/16. 
Hawkins, F. J., b. Luton, 26999 

Cpl.. d., F., 4/8/17. 
Hawkins, T. S., b. Grangetown 

10087. Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/14. 
Hawthorn, W., b. Manchester, 



S33S, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/8/16. 
Hayes, J., b. Kingsdale, Cork, 

4448, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Hayes, R., b. Llanelly, 17516, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/10/15. 
Haynes, J., b. Birmingham, 7855, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hayton, J. W., e. Lancaster, 

53752, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

26/2/17. 
Havward, J., b. Oswestry, 11538, 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Hazlewood, J., b. Birmingham, 

6217, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

1 1/10/17. 
Headington, J. T., b. Bristol, 

5870, Pte., d. of w., F., 

25/12/14. 
Healy, D. J., b. Tralee, 6721, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Hearn, D. H., b. Kennington, 

17729, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

26/2/17. 
Heath, S., b. Sutton-in-Ashfield, 

1 967 1, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
PIeeley, T., b. Smethwick, 8046, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/10/15. 
Hein, E. C, b. Simla, India, 

10453, Sgt., k. in a., M., 

22/11/15. 
Hemming, T., b. Birmingham, 

10868, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Henderson, J., e. Mold, 53909, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Henderson, J. T., b. Cumber- 
land, 5395, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Henman, a. G., b. Birmingham, 

17176, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Hennessey, C, b. Dowlais. 

10940, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Henry, J., b. London, 31380, 

Cpl., k. in a., Italy, 3/5/18, 

M.M. and Clasp. 
Henry, R., b. Birmingham, 5919, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Henshall, a., b. Hanley, 18080, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hewitt, T., b. Birmingham, 9771, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Heyward, a., e. Acrefair, 53627, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 30/3/17. 
Hibbert, D. J. T., b. London, 

57427, L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 

3/5/18- 
Higginbottom, J., b. Newcastle, 

Staffs, 5292, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Higginson, F., b. Birmingiham, 

6078, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/12/14. 
Hill, E. S., b. Hanley, 17834. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hill, T., b. Birmingham, 10423, 

Pte., k. m a., F., 30/10/14. 
Hill, W., b. Birmingham, 5861, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



299 



HiLLiER, W. G., b. Bristol, 9414, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/11/14. 
HiLLiTT, W. F., b. Birmingham, 
9745, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/10/14. 
HixES, W., b. Leicester. 5488, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
HiscocK, C. H.. b. Chepstow, 
10417, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/10/14. 
HiscocK, T., b. London, 27364, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
HoBso.x, A., b. Birmingham, 
6014, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
HoDGETTS, H. F., b. Halifax, 

52152, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/17. 
HoDGETTS, J. H., b. Worcester, 
10811, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

4/1 1/15- 
HoGAN, M., b. Dublin, 56609, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/2/17. 
HoLDE.v, W. S., b. Quetta, India, 

7923. Sgt., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Hole, A. J., b. Trinant, 17348, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/5/16. 
Holland, T., b. Scholar Green, 

3933I. Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Hollick, a., b. Birmingham, 

17657, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
HoLLYMAX, A.. b. Bristol, 

235552. Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/17. 
Holmes, W., b. Homestead, 

America, 8967, Sgt., k. in a., 

F., 16/5/1S. 
Holt, A. J., b. Bagueley, 17655, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
HoNEYBOURNE, H., b. Birming- 
ham. 6143, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Hook, J., b. Atherton, Manches- 
ter, 18185, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Hooper, H. J., b. Cardiff, 11036, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
HoosoN, D., b. Pentre Houghton, 

4905, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Hopkins, J., b. Birmingham, 

7775, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
HosKiNS, J., b. Redbrook, 6080, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/10/14. 
HosKiNs, T. E.. b. Whitford, 

37890, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/17. 
HoTCHKiss, R. B., e. Shotton, 

53937, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/4/17- 
Howard, W., b. Newport, 17483, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
HowELLS, A. J. D., b. Pembroke, 

17023, Pte., d. of w., F., 

4/11/15. 
Howells, E. S., b. Barry, 11844, 

Pte., k. in a., F., i6/'5/is. 
Hubbard, G., b. Wallington, 

3634s, L/Cpl., k. in a., Italy, 

8/10/17. 



Hubbard, T., b. Thorpe, 235561, 

Pte., k. in a., Italy, 24/10/18. 
Hughes, C, b. Stockport, 11347, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hughes, D., b. Taibach, 5409, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hu(;hes, D., b. Dyserth, 53706, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 20/5/17. 
Hughes, E., b. Llandrillo, 25086, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/10/17. 
Hughes, E. J., b. Llandeiniclen, 

40135, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/12/16. 
Hughes, E. T., b. Oppenholt, 

5815. Pte., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 

9/7/16. 
Hughes, G.. b. Wrexham, 19209, 

k. in a.. F., 14/7/16. 
Hughes, J., b. Cerrig-y-Druidion, 

11933. Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Hughes, J., b. Llangyfelach, 

56629, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Hughes, J., b. Northop, 53629, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 26/2/17. 
Hughes, J. R., b. Denbigh, 

53630, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/17. 
Hughes, K., b. Dinas Powis, 

57423, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
Hughes, M. H.. b. Machynlleth, 

10027, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/10/14. 
Hughes, R., b. Llandecwyn, 

37788. Pte., d. of w., F., 

4/12/16. 
Hughes, R., b. Gwalchmai, 

53703. Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
Hughes, R. A., b. Oxford, 

16817, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Hughes, R. W., b. Mold, 6106, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hughes, T. J., b. Corwen, 44242, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/2/17. 
Hughes, W.. b. Dolgelley, 5940, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/12/14. 
Hughes, W., b. Llandudno, 8254, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hughes, W., b. Llangollen, 

66836, Pte., d., Home, 7/5/18. 
Hughes, W., e. Carnarvon, 

265802, Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/10/17. 
Hughes, W. D., b. Tydwiliog, 

17304, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Hughes, W. O., b. Denbigh, 

6421, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Hull, W. T., b. Lambeth. 

235523, Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/10/17. 
HuLMSTON, J., b. Denbigh, 24635, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Humphreys, C., b. Pontypridd, 

5072, Pte., d. of w., F., 

19/5/15. 
Humphreys, J., b. Dolgelley, 
6037. Pte., k. in a., F., 
16/5/15. 



Humphreys, W., b. Holyhead. 
5689, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/S/15. 
Humphreys, W. H., b. Jhansi, 

India, 11 277, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Hunt, A., b. Birmingham, 10763. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Hunt, E. C, b. Heddington, 

9185, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

4/7/17. 
Hunt, J. D., b. Trealaw, 4919, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Hurley, D., b. Merthyr, 6305, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hurley, M., b. Swansea, 4846, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Hurst, J., e. Swinton, 267245, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
HusKissoN, F., b. Walsall, 6664, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/1/17. 
Hussey, J., b. Farkel, co. Clare, 

6203, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Hutchinson, T.. b. Liverpool, 
6783, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Huyton, E., b. Hulme. 53823, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 15/3/17. 
Igo, J., b. Manchester, 4393, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 13/10/15. 
Illsley, G., b. Chadsmoor, 

18630, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/8/16, M.M, 
Jackson, D., b. Pentre, IISU- 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/6/16. 
Jackson, F., b. Manchester, 

7040, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Jackson, H., b. Ashton, 5028, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15- 
Jackson, H., b. Haile, 235535. 

Pte., d. of w., Italy, 10/5/18. 
Jackson, J., b. Great Eccleston, 

18866, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

30/6/16. 
Jackson, J., b. Bollmgton, 4564. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 19/12/14. 
Jackson, R., b. Woburn Sands, 

27681, Pte., d. of w., F.. 

12/1/17. 
James, C, b. Middleton, 24644, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/7/16. 
James, G.. b. Middlesboro', 6292, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
James, H., b. Flint, 25695, Pte., 

d., Italy, 12/6/18. 
James, S., b. Bath, 17526, Cpl.. 

d. of w., F., 1/4/16. 
James, W., b. Birmingham, 9374. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/3/17. 
Jarman, T.. b. Liverpool, 31240, 

Pte.. d.. Home, 24/12/15. 
Jarvis, W., b. Birmingham, 6917, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jasper, S., b. Llangollen. 6430, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Jeal, R. D., b. Walworth, 10304, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 21/10/14. 
Jekfery, T. J., b. Ne\yport, Mon., 

6892, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Jellicoe, J., b. Newton, Hyde, 



?oo 



APPENDIX VIII 



4567. Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/9/15. 
Jenkins, B. D.. b. Boncath, 

31227. Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/2/17, M.M. 
Jenkins, F. H., b. London, 

10054, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Jenkins, I., b. Pontypridd, 17276, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 13/7/16. 
Jenkins, W. E., b. Cwinparc, 

67131, Pte., k. in a., F., 

9/10/17- 
Jennings, E., b. Birmingham, 
8188, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/1S. 
Jennings, W., b. Bangor, 4280, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Johns, T. F., b. Cardiff, 56659. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Johnson, J., b. Manchester, 
42180, Pte., k. in a., F., 
10/10/17. 
Johnson, P., b. Nottingham, 
5966, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/10/14. 
Jones, A., e. Bangor, 53805, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Jones, A., b. Church Stretton, 
56585, Pte., d. of w., F., 
3/10/17- 
Jones, A. E., b. New Mills, 
44260, Pte., k. in a., F., 
28/10/17. 
Jones, B., b. Pontypridd, 11458, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, C. E., b. Welshpool, 
36551, Pte., k. in a., F., 
29/6/16. 
Jones, D., b. Ruthin, 19315, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 27/8/16. 

Jones, D., b. Tredegar, 47293, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., Italy, 23/10/18. 

Jones, D.. b. Llanfyrllandogan, 

10960, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 

Jones, D., b. Denbigh, 18176, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/3/17. 
Jones, D. C, b. Denbigh, 43991, 

Pte., d., F., 14/9/17. 
Jones, D. G., b. Rhondda, 13428, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Jones, E., b. Oswestry, 3988, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, E., b. Denbigh, 6465, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/7/16. 
Jones, E., b. Denbigh, 8483, Pte., 

d., F., 4/12/14. 
Jones, E., b. Pittsburg, America, 
36798, Pte., k. in a., F., 
15/S/17- 
JoNES, E., b. Toxteth, Liverpool, 
25337. Pte., k. in a., F., 
5/9/16. 
JONES, E., b. Llanfihangel, S3768, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/3/17. 
Jones, E,, b. Denbigh, 6496, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 23/8/15. 
Jones, E., b. Festiniog, 16928, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 16/7/15- 
Jones, E., b. Wrexham, 10434, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 

Jones, E., b. DolgeUey, 11027, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 17/5/' 5- 



Jones, E., b. Llanrhaiadr, 17297, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/7/16. 
Jones, E. E., b. Llanddeiniolen, 
40032, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/10/16. 
Jones, E. T., b. Denbigh, 34885. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Jones, E. W., b. Llanddeiniolen, 
40132, Pte., k. in a., Italy, 
3/S/18. 
Jones, F. W., b. Llandudno, 
5784, Pte., k. in a., F., 
16/5/15- 
Jones, G., b. Wem, 7049, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Jones, G., b. Cardiff, 10898, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, G. D., b. Trevigin, 53638, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/3/17- 
JoNES, G. T., b. Llangar, 28268, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/10/17. 
Jones, H., b. Bryngwran, 37234, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/7/17. 
JoNF.s, H., b. Holywell, 53748, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/6/17. 
Jones, H. G., b. Bangor, 35357. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/2/17. 
Jones, H. G., b. Holyhead, 6365, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/16. 
Jones, H. G., b. Llanfairfechan, 
53824, Pte., k. in a., F., 
26/2/17. 
Jones, I., b. Ruabon, 37394, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 8/10/17. 
Jones, I., b. Llanllyfni, 53859. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/7/17. 
Jones, I., b. Abergele, 11 126, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Jones, J., b. Rliuddlan, 5097, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Jones, J., b. Denbigh, 4683, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 18/12/14. 
Jones, J., b. Birkenhead, 5669, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/9/15. 
Jones, J., b. Wrexham, 5915, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14- 
JoNES, J., b. Pembroke, 9250, 
L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/10/15. 
Jones, J., b. Aberdare, 17798, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15- 
Jones, J., b. Denbigh, 19259, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/9/16. 
Jones, J., b. Blaina, 19659, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Jones, J., b. Abergele, 39940, 

Pte., ic. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Jones, J., e. Amlwch, Anglesey, 
53851, Pte., k. in a., F., 
27/2/17. 
Jones, J., b. Femdale, 5074, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 21/5/15. 
Jones, J. C, b. Ruthin, 8580, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/1 1/14. 
Jones, J. D., b. ColwTn, 4345. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Jones, J. D., b. Llanddeiniolen, 
40102, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/9/16. 
Jones, J. D., b. Llandudno, 
15538, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
30/9/17- 
Jones, J. I., b. Menai Bridge, 
43595. Pte., k. in a., F., 
27/2/17. 



Jones, J. R., b. Ruthin, 6338, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/5/15. 
Jones, J. R., b. Neston, 10657, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Jones, J. T., b. Shotton, 53715, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Jones, J. T., b. Festiniog, 5352, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/9/15. 
Jones, J. W., b. Bwlchgwyn, 
32556, Pte., d. of w., F., 
2/3/17- 
JoNES, L., b. Camar\'on, 40217, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Jones, O., b. Llandwrog, 40041, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
Jones, O., b. Penmachno, 40067, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Jones, O. R., b. Beaumaris, 6480, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, R., b. Forth, 4522, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Jones, R.. b. Llanarmon, 5987, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, R., b. Pwllheli, 53782, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Jones, R., b. Bryncethin, S4165, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
Jones, R. E., b. Bangor, 10040, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Jones, R. J., b. Northop, 5708, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Jones, R. R., b. Port Dinorwic, 
5562, Pte., d. of w., F., 
29/9/15. 
Jones, R. T., b. Denbigh, 3459. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
JoNES, R. W. B., b. Cockett, 
29519, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
29/8/16. 
Jones, T., b. Tregarth, 14931, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/17. 
Jones, T., b. Blaenau Festiniog, 
33495, Pte., k. in a., F., 
14/7/16. 
Jones, T. E., b. Rhyl, 19124, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, T. R., b. Newport. Mon., 
16990, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
28/8/16. 
Jones, T. T., b. Waenfawr, 
40333. L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
29/8/16. 
Jones, T. W. P., b. Cwmavon, 
4278, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 
23/3/16. . . 

Jones, W., b. Blaenau Festiniog, 
5498, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/9/16. 
Jones, W., b. Forth. 6007, Pte.. 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Jones, W., b. Waenfawr, 40372, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/12/16. 
Jones, W., b. Aberdaron, 53753. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/1/17. 
Jones, W., b. Portmadoc, 53785, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 1/3/17. 
Jones, W., b. Llanberis, 53843, 
Pte., d. of w., Home, 2/7/17- 
JoNES, W., b. Rossett, 5744', 

Pte., k. in a., Italy, 26/7/18. 
Jones, W., b. Llanrwst, 40662, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/8/16. 
Jones, W. E., b. Treharris, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



301 



18265, Pte., k. in a., F., 

:s/7/i6- 
Jones, W. E., e. Liverpool, 

36495, A/Cpl., d. of \v., F., 

3/1-2/16. 
Jones, W. G., b. Binningliam, 

6766, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

19/10/14. 
Jones, W. G., b. Groeslon, 40690, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 14/5/17. 
Jones, W. N., b. Cardiff, 15604, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Jukes, A. G. S., b. Burton, 8316, 

Cpl., d., F., 21/11/14. 
Jukes, J., b. Hednesford, 19136, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 28/6/15. 
Kane, J., b. Swansea, 11002, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Keefe, a., b. Merthyr, 10246, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Kellaway, F. E., b. Cardiff, 

17694, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Kellaway, G. H., b. Bristol, 

10973, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Kelly, F., b. Bersham, 4301, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Kelly, G. E., b. Dublin, 10928, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 20/10/14. 
Kelly, J. F., b. Bolton, 10781, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 18/5/15- 
Kelly, R. O., b. Pwllheli, 9258, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 22/5/15. 
Kendrick, J., e. Wrexham, 

57061, Pte., k. in a., F., 

■23/7/17- 
Kerans, E., b. Seaforth, 267178, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Kerkhoff, W., b. Birmingham, 

7899, Pte., d., M., 1/9/16. 
Kerr, W., b. Silloth, 5319, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 5/4/16. 
Kewley, R., b. Everton, 4469, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Keyes, C, b. Salford, 266979, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/5/17- 
King, E. G., b. Gt. Clacton, 

35079, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
King, J. W.. b. Chiswick, 31345, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/9/16. 
King, W. H., b. Aberaman, 521 1, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/3/15. 
KiRBY, E. J., b. Merthyr, 17743, 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 22/7/16. 
KiRKHAM, J., b. Danven, 17173, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
KiRKHAM, \V., b. Northampton, 

11313. Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
KiTSON, A., b. Bloxwich, 18399, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 27/8/16. 
Knight, C. E., b. St. Pancras, 

I-ondon, 56631, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 28/8/16. 
Knigh,t, J., b. Pentre Ystrad, 

4662, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Lafferty, T., b. Macclesfield, 

10950, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Laing, D. J., b. Conway, 10508, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 



Lakey, \V. J., b. London, 26759, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Lamb, J., b. Boughton, 4373. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Lambourne, C, b. Atherstone, 

10640, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Lamothe, S., b. Liverpool, 8802, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Lane, J., b. Weston-super-Mare, 

9187, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

•6/5/15. . . , 
Lane, J., b. Birmingham, 10727, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Lane, J., b. Merthyr, 11287, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Large, S., b. Bridge Trafford, 

10770, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Larking, G., b. Greenwich, 

56634, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/8/16. 
Earner, E. F., b. Cirencester, 

10841, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Lavender, A., b. Worcester, 

10189, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

7/6/16. 
Law, a. J., b. Aberdare, 4691. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Law, G. F., b. Devonport, 5120, 

Pte., d., F., 15/2/1S. 
Lawrence, C. L., b. Llanorthwl, 

5231, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/14. 
Lawrence, O., e. Swansea, 

53962, Pte., d. of w., F., 

1/10/16. 
Layton, D. G., b. Merthyr, 

19222, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Lee, D., b. Swansea, 3876, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 30/1/15. 
Lee, G., b. Liverpool, 235709, 

Pte.. k. in a., Italy, 17/4/18. 
Lee, H., b. Batley Carr, 53641- 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Lee, H. C, e. Stratford, 54333. 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 11/10/17. 
Lee, J. W.. b. Carlisle, 266758, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 5/S/17. 
Lee, L. p., b. Kidderminster, 

10746, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/10/14. 
Lee, R. J., b. Plymouth, 7261, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Leeke, E., b. Ludlow, 10929, 

A/C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

28/10/17. 
Leigh, R., b. Newton-le-Willows, 

19654, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/8/16. 
Lfkman, F., b. Liverpool, 7050, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 18/5/15. 
Lewis, A., b. Bedlinog, 17524, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Lewis, A. W., b. Birmingham, 

10702, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Lewis, C, b. Pill, Newport, 

9348, Pte., d., F., 9/12/14. 
Lewis, D., b. Swansea, 6162, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 



Lewis, D., b. Plymouth, U.S.A., 

31528, Pte., d.. Home, 7/2/16. 
Lewis, D. J., b. Gorseinon, 17318, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Lewis, E., b. Gwalchmai, 39190, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/8/16. 
Lewis, E., b. Llanddewi, Mon., 

10719. Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Lewis, J., b. Chester, 17186, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 9/10/17. 
Lewis, J., b. Groeslon, 40641, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Lewis, R. S., b. London, 10715, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Lewis, T. S., b. Pontycymmer, 

23590, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

5/12/16. 
Lewis, W. H., b. Merthyr, 3944, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Lewis, W. H., b. Liverpool, 

40077, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Lewis, W. J., b. Neath, 10066, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Leyland, W., b. Chorley, 53829, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/2/17. 
Lightfoot, W., b. Crewe, 16505, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/7/16. 
LiLLiE, C. W., b. Deptford, 

56632, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17- 
Linton, P., b. London, 17557, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/9/15. 
LivESEY, H. H., b. Preston, 

53830, Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/5/17. 

Llewellyn, A. W., b. Peter- 
stowe, 19385, Pte., d. of w., 
F., 20/10/15. 

Llewellin, J., b. Liverpool, 

53831, Pte., k. in a., F., 
26/2/17. 

Lloyd, D. O., b. Bodfari, 9444, 

Sgt., k. in a.. F.. 25/9/15. 
Lloyd, E., b. Rhyl, 10451, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Lloyd, H., b. Llanerfyl, 5777, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Lloyd, J. H., b. Birmingham, 

10588, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

26/2/17. 
Lloyd, R., e. Ryhl, 53916, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Lloyd, T. J., b. Swansea, 31596, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/5/17. 
Lloyd, T. R., b. Nantlle, 5729, 

Pte., d., F., 16/3/15- 
LocKLEY, W., b. Chester, 8899, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
LoFTUs, A. E., b. Denbirfi, 

10476, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/5/16. 
LoMAX, P., b. Ashton-in-Maker- 

field, 31480, L/Cpl., d. of w., 

F., 20/5/17. 
Long, E., b. Derby, 8876, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/8/15. 
Long, J., b. London, 10730, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
LoNGLAND, D., b. Hanley, 19761, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/7/16. 
Lord, T., b. Bacup, 63306, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 



302 



APPENDIX VIII 



LovETT, F., b. Ashby de-la-Zouch, 

56635, Pte., d. of w., F., 

29/8/16. 
Lowe, G., b. Birmingham, 9235, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/4/ 1 6. 
Lowe, G. W., b. Birmingham, 

8875, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/3/iS. 
Lowe, W., b. Wrexham, 11135, 

L/CpL, k. in a., F., 7/11/14- 
Lucas, P., b. Bridgnorth, 3952, 

Pte., d., F., 26/2/15. 
LuDLAM, W. E., b. South Nor- 

manton, 19458, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 25/9/15. 
LuRVEY, W., b. Newport, 3824, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Lynch, W., b. Liverpool, 10586, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Maddern, J., b. Trehafod, 5434. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Maddocks, a. B., b. Birmingham, 

1 1 459, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- . _ 

Maddocks, D., b. Liverpool, 

10963, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. . 

Maddocks, W. H., b. Birmingham, 

9748, C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. . ,. 
Madine, W., b. Liverpool, 11059, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/11/14. 
Maggs, R. p. G., b. Gilfach Goch, 

36493, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Mahoney, W., b. Ne\vport, 2637, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/2/17. 
Malins, T. W., b. Alcester, 

10332, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Mandy, H. E., b. East Ham, 

10406, L/Cpl., d., F., 31/10/14. 
M.\RKHAM, J. H., b. Nottingham, 

7077, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Maroney, J., b. Tredegar, 8723, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Marsh, F., e. Oldham, 36496, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Marshall, C, b. London, 27642, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Marshall, C. H., b. Smethwick, 

9577. Sgt., d. of w., F., 

13/2/16, D.C.M. 
Marston, C, b. Presteign, 9089, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Martell, H. W., b. Newport, 

10576, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

26/1/15. 
Marti.v, a., b. London, 5169, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Mash, J., b. Northwich, Cheshire, 

4509, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Mason, J., b. Pontypridd, 11447, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/3/15. 
Mathers, G., b. Nottingham, 

18403, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Matthews, J., b. Plymouth, 

10139, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/S/15- 
Matthews, J., b. Coventry, 



18602, Pte., d, of w., F., 
31/5/16. 

Matthews, T., b. Tylorstown, 

5283, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Matthews, T., b. Shrewsbury, 

6563, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Mayall, T., b. Birmingham, 

23954, Pte., d. of w., F., 

12/7/16. 
McAllister, P. J., b. Liverpool, 

30074, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
McCarthy, F. C, b. Birming- 
ham, 33153, L/Cpl., k. in a.. 

F., 10/10/17. 
McCarthy, J., b. Swansea, 3832, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
McDonald, J., b. St. Helens, 

46839, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
McDonough, J., b. Liverpool, 

II 697, Pte., d. of w., F., 

14/7/16. 
McElroy, G. L., b. Rhyl, 8307, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
McGrath, J., b. Workington, 

36522, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
McGrath, J., b. Clonmell, 10660, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
McGuire, W. J., b. Liverpool, 

6079, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
McLellan, G., b. Bootle, 5884, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
McReth, R., b. Glasgow, 14638, 

L/CpL, k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Melbourne, D., b. Orford, 4147, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/3/17. 
Melia, a., b. Gorton, 4444, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 27/8/16. 
Melia, J., b. Liverpool, 4725, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Merchant, T. G., b. Ystrad, 

1 1 143, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/10/14. 
Meredith, E., b. Merthyr 

Tydvil, 6288, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 30/10/14. 
Merrick, A., b. Ystradfodwg, 

3536, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Mf.ston, F., b. London, 4356, 
Pte., d., F., 3/7/15- 

MlDDLEHURST, R. C, b. St. 

Helens, 701 16, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 1/10/17. 
Miles, N., b. Neath, 5842, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Millard, J. J., b. Liverpool, 

10360, Band Sgt., k. in a.. F.. 

30/10/14. 
Mills, J., b. Eastbourne, 17901, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Mill WARD, E. T., b. Birming- 
ham, 9912, Pte., d., F., 

21/10/14. 
Mincher, T., b. Birmingham, 

19445, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
MiNOGUE, S., b. India, 6000, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 3/10/17. 



Mitchell, J. H., b. Birmingham, 

6157, A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
MoGG, A., b. London, 19657, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 28/3/16. 
Monks, J., b. Bolton, 17903, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
MooRES, T., b. Denbigh, 53645, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/7/17. 
Moran, T., b. Birmingham, 10682, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Morgan, B. R., b. Glyn Neath, 

36762, Pte., d. of w., F., 

16/8/16. 
Morgan, D. L. b. Merthyr, 

56638, Pte., k. in a., F., 

2/10/17. 
Morgan, D. O., b. Pembroke, 

10180, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Morgan, E., b. Treorchy, 6286, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Morgan, G., b. Pontypridd, 

10778, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Morgan, R., b. Ne%vport, 10158, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Morgan, R., e. Carnarvon, 53802, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Morgan, T., b. Birmingham, 

8176, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Morgan, T., b. Trecastle, 53971, 

Pte., d., F., 18/12/16. 
Morgans, J., b. Brecon, 6484, 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Morris, A., b. Christchurch, 

24018, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Morris, A., b. Llandebie, 17520, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/5/15- 
Morris, C, b. Melyn Cryddan, 

6072, Pte., d., F., 12/12/14. 
Morris, D. J., b. Carnarvon, 

39817, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
Morris, E., b. London, 10801, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Morris, E., b. Merthyr, 17880, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/7/16. 
Morris, G., b. London, 27476y 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/8/16. 
Morris, H., b. Bagillt, 53642, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
Morris, J., b. Glyncorrvvg, 6357, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/6/15. 
Morris, J., b. Glyn, 53644, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Morris, L, b. Llanddeiniolen, 

40171, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Morris, M., b. Wrexham, 37685, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/7/16. 
Morris, R.. b. Llanddeiniolen, 

40136, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
Morris, T. J., b. Ruthin, 17437. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Morris, T. J., b. Wigan, 5375, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Morrison, C. D., b. London, 

4013, Pte., d. of w., F., 

16/3/16. 
Mortibov, a., b. Birmingham,, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



303 



8267, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15- 
Moss, J., e. Bolton, 23653, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 8/1 /i 6. 
Moss, H., b. Burnley, 24682 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 27/8/16. 
Mullen, J., b. Manchester 

10573, L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

26/9/15. 
Mullock, F., b. Crewe, 4692 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Murphy, L., b. Preston, 235529 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/10/17. 
Murray, J., b. Co. Mayo, 3092 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Murray, J., b. New'port, 4426 

Pte., k. in a., F., i3/3/i5- 
Murray, J., b. New South 

^^■ales. 36031, Pte., k. in a 

F., 27/8/16. 
Murray, W., b. Miles Platting^ 

235538, Pte., d. of w., Italy 

3/5/18. 
Nancarrow, R., b. Stockport 

17752, Pte., k. in a., F. 
.3/9/16. 
Xash, J., b. Roscommon, 6005 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Nation, W. E. G., b. TylorstowTi 

56639, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Naylor, G., b. Oldham, 7912 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Neal, W., b. Birmingham, 8753 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Neat, S. M., b. Llanelly, 29616 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Needham, S., e. Flint, 53918 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Newbold, a., b. Willenhall 

19631, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/7/16. 
Newland, J., b. London, 11216 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Newton, J. A., b. Bordesley 

4731. Pte., k. in a., F. 

24/1/15. 
Nicholson, A., b. Manchester 
,235563, Pte., d., Italy, 8/4/18 
NicHOLLs, J., b. Colemere, 701 19 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/10/17. 
Nield, a., b. Chester, 4984 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16, 
Nock, W. H., b. Halesowen 

1 1374. L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

28/8/16. 
Norman, F., b. Highbridge 

10446, Sgt., k. in a., F. 

7/11/14- 
Norman, S. J., b. Brighton 

63730, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/7/17. 
Gates, P., b. Pontnewyndd 

I74SS. Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Gates, R., b. Mold, 5221, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 30/1/15. 
G'Brien, a., b. Birkenhead, 4534 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/7/16 

M.M. 
O'Brie.v, D., b. Port Talbot 

10200, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 



O'Brien, R., b. Cardiff, 11242, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 26/5/16. 
O'Brien, W., b. Cardiff, 5165, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
O'Gara, a., b. Birmingham, 

8438. Pte., d. of w., F., 

21/5/1S. 
Oliver, F., b. Aldershot, 43615, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/1/17. 
Oliver, G., b. Wrexham, 9728, 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Oliver, M., b. Gresford, 11 703, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. Home, 

10/6/15. 
Olsen, J., e. Seaforth, 53791, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
O'Neil, J., b. Dowlais, 4732, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/12/14. 
Ormonde, W., b. Norton Bridge, 

5494, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
OsBORNE, A., b. Birmingham, 

10468, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/7/15- 
O'Shea, M. J., b. Cardiff, 51 11, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/12/14. 
Overton, E. H., b. Shrewsbury, 

56592, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
Owen, D., b. Cwmyglo, 40359, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/1/17. 
Owen, D. H., b. Llandudno, 

25004, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Owen, D, R., b. Llanfairfechan, 

6379, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
OwEN, E., b. Brynsiencyn, 40037, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
OwEN, E. S., b. Glan Conway, 

5649, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/6/15. 
Owen, G., b. Festiniog, 20268, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 19/1/17. 
Owen, J., b. Cwmyglo, 40352, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Owen, M., b. Merthyr, 17703, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Owen, R., b. Anglesey, 6026, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/5/15. 
Owen, R., b. Beaumaris, 11 171, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/7/17. 
Owen, W., b. Penrhiwceiber, 

17288, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
OwENS, D., b. Llanberis, 6406, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/9/16. 
Owens, R., b. Liverpool, 53764, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 9/10/17. 
Owens, R. T., b. Ruthin. 7865, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
OxLEY, W., b. Lytham, 46471, 

L/Cpl., d., Italy. 9/3/18. 
Page, A. J., b. Bristol, 31385, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/3/16. 
Page, G., b. London, 22249, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 18/7/17. 
Paget, J., b. Bristol, 9008, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 2/9/16. 
Palmer, J., b. Pontlottyn, 4356, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/1/15. 
Palmer, J., b. Birmingham, 

18397. Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 



Palmer, J., b. Hoxton, 35265, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Palmer, L. C, b. Cathays, 11103, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Palmer, R., b. Birmingham, 

6932, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

14/7/16. 
Parker, E., b. Birmingham, 9367, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Parker, J., b. Mold, 2762, Pte., 

k. in a.. F., 20/10/14. 
Parkes, W. L., b. Derby, 17995, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/10/15. 
Parnham, H., b. Derby, 19622, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/1 1/15. 
Parry, H., b. Llanddeiniolen, 

40101, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Parry, J., b. Bodfain, 6417, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Parry, J., b. Birmingham, 9808, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/5/16. 
Parry, J. E., b. St. Asaph, 53672, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Parry, L., b. Holywell, 57438, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/10/17. 
Parry, R., b. Dongelly, 6029, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Parry, W., b. Newport, 11030, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Parry, W. J., b. Carnarvon, 

266791, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/7/17- 
Parry, W. J., b. Penmorfa, 

34788, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Paul, W. J., b. Bristol, 10615, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Penn, J., b. Birmingham, 10871, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/3/16. 
Penney, W. J., b. Chester, 10131, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Peploe, W., b. Pontypool, 6003, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Perkins, A., b. Pembroke, 

19894, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Perry, S., b. Walsall, 7742, Cpl., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Peters, E. A., b. Sutton, 6246, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/11/14. 
Peters, E. A., b. Sutton, 10316, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Peters, W. H., b. Birmingham, 

9769, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

16/S/15- 
Pettifer, T. B., b. Dudley, 

10241, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Phillips, D. G., b. Hirwain, 

Aberdare, 4666, Pte., k. in a.. 

F., 16/5/15. 
Phillips, H., b. London, 27318, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. M.M. 
Pickering, T., b. Bradwell 

Grove, 8491, Pte., d., F.. 

19/6/17. 
Pickering, W., b. Bridlington, 

34877, Sgt., k. in a.. P., 

4/5/17. M.M. 
Pickforo, J., b. Stockport, 11341. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Pierce, J., b. Fulham, 17797, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/6/15. 



304 



APPENDIX VIII 



Pike, J. H., b. Glyncorrwg, 4645, 

Pte., d.. F., 19/12/17- 
PiLKiNGTON, T., e. Manchester, 

54150. Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/5/17. 
Filler, P., b. Cardiff, 5144. Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Pilling, G-, b. Bury, 2381 1, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 4/5/17, 

M.M. 
Pitman, \V. J., b. Treharris, 

4886, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Plant, E., b. Hanley, 24570, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 3/9/16. 
Pope, H., b. Blackburn, 7179, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Powell, D. J., b. Trebanog, 5548, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Powell, E., e. Abergele, 55715. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 14/5/17. 
Powell, F., b. Blackwood, 4514, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Power, F. G., b. Saltney, 53726, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 2y/2/i7. 
PoYNER, G., b. Birmingham, 

8147, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/S/15. 
PoYNTON, W., b. Wrexham, 

53727, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17- 
Preece, G. H., b. Wrexham, 

6359, L/Sgt., d. of w., F., 

1/9/16. 
Preen, T., b. Birmingham. 6885, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 10/3/15. 
Prestidge, a., b. Bedminster, 

5764, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Friday, F. H., b. Gloucester, 

10439, Pte., d., F., 26/1/15. 
Priest, G., b. Bilston, 12693, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 19/7/16. 
Price, D. I., b. Abergwili, 40048, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/2/17. 
Price, J. P., b. Wrexham, 6429, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Price. P., b. Chester. 4861, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 27/8/16. 
Price, T., e. Rhyl, 53926, Pte., 

d., F., 13/12/16. 
Pritchard, a., b. Garn Dolben- 

maen, 40107, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/16. 
Pritchard, D. W., b. Rhyl, 6109, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a.. F., 29/8/16. 
Pritchard, G., b. Ross, 7093, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 30/10/14. 
Pritchard, H., b. Ebbw Vale, 

4391, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Pritchard, J., b. Rhyl, 3424, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/12/14. 
Pritchard, J. G., b. Waenfawr, 

37974, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/10/17. 
Pritchard, M. W.. b. Llanberis, 

40200, Pte.. d., F., 7/2/17. 
Probert, J., b. Oswestry, 6160, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Prodger, J., b. Bangor, 10063, 

k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Proffitt, J., b. Wrexham, 61 11, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 



Prosser, F., b. Wigan, 15726, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/7/16. 
Prydderch, T. C, b. Coedpoeth, 

5633, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/2/17. 
Pugh, a., b. Llanwonno, 29647, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Pugh, H., b. Upper Corris, 

49296, Pte., d., Italy, 17/1/18. 
Pugh, R. J., b. Brecon, 55073, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Pullen, E. G., b. London, 10793, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Pulsford, a., b. Treharris, 5258, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 27/2/17. 
PuRCELL, J., b. Ruabon, 39704, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/8/16. 
PuRKiss, A. M., b. Hampstead, 

35150. Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/9/16. 
Ocayle, W. H., b. LO.M., 7840, 

Pte., d., F., 1/11/18. 
Quill, D. J., b. London, 10889, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Quinn, J., b. Mountain Ash, 

10773, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Rady, J. W., b. Manchester, 

70313, Pte., d., Italy, 29/10/18. 
Raester, W., b. Stoke Lacey, 

53655, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/2/17. 
Rafferty, T. a., b. Abergavenny, 

27982, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/8/16. 
Rail, D. S., b. Hayle, 10707, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Randle, G., b. Nuneaton, 11854, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Rathbone, R., b. Saltney, 4521, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/1/15. 
Raven HILL, E. N., b. Birming- 
ham, 9682, Pte., d. of w.. 

Home, 15/11/14. 
Rawlins, W., b. Sale, 17670, 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 7/9/16. 
Rees, D. J., b. Swansea, loooo, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Rees, E., b. Cardiff, 11782, Pte., 

k. in a.. F., 11/3/15. 
Rees, J., b. Burry, 5297, L/Cpl., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Rees, O., b. Femdale, 14886, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 16/5/15- 
Rees, R., b. Treherbert, 4518, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 30/4/16. 
Rees, R., b. Ferndale, 4930, Pte., 

k. in a.. F., 30/10/14. 
Reid, C. R. S., e. Cardiff, 70388, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/10/17. 
Reynolds, W., b. Shrewsbury, 

7888, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Rice, W., b. Swansea, 4971, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 14/5/16. 
Richards, D. J., b. Pontypridd, 

9302, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Richards, H. G., b. Bangor, 

37674, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Richards, J., b. Merthyr, 17894, 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 20/6/15. 
Richards, T., b. Birmingham, 



9364. L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Richardson, .A... b. Manchester, 

10554, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/14. 
Riches, C., b. London, 5158, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
RiCHiNGS, P. J., b. Bristol, 

24516, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/6/16. 
RiCKETTS, H. J., b. Birmingham, 

9758, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

30/4/16. 
RiGBY, A. T., b. Gloucester, 

10852, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17. 
RiGBY, L., b. Birkenhead, 7192, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Riley, E., b. Crewe, 3839, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 23/1 1/14. 
Riley, E., b. Cardiff, 5 11 2, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 26/8/15. 
Riley, J., b. Liverpool, 6845, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Riley, W., b. Leeds, 48962, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 29/10/17. 
Roberts, A, J., b. Aber>'stw^th, 

4367, Pte., d. of w., F., 2/5/16. 
Roberts, C, b. St. Asaph, 9062, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Roberts, E., b. Penmorfa, 53850, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/5/17. 
Roberts, E., e. Colw^n Bay, 

53920, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/9/16. 
Roberts, E.. b. Nevin, 5348, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Roberts, E. E., b. Conway, 53732, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/5/17- 
Roberts, E. O., b. Nevin, 40327, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 3/9/16. 
Roberts, G. R.. b. Llanbeblig, 

4676, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

30/10/14. 
Roberts, H., b. Aberffraw. 25750, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 5/7/16. 
Roberts, H., b. Llysfaen, 37764. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/7/16. 
Roberts, I., b. Ruthin, 8678, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Roberts, J., b. Llanrwst, 9603, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/1/15. 
Roberts, J., b. Wrexham, 11 172, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Roberts, J. F., b. Birmingham, 

11480, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

5/5/17- 
Roberts, J. G., b. Festiniog, 
6445, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

16/5/15. 
Roberts, J. O., b. Cerrig-y- 

Druidion, 34936, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 28/8/16. 
Roberts, J. R., b. Carnarvon, 

6358, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

16/5/15. 
Roberts, J. V., b. Bootle, 36635, 

Pte., k. in a.. P., 18/7/16. 
Roberts, R., b. Festiniog. 19081, 

Pte., k. in a.. P., 25/9/15. 
Roberts, R., b. Whitworth, 

266952, Pte., d. of w.. Home, 

20/6/17. 
Roberts, R. G., b. Llanllyfni, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



305 



40482, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1 1/1/ 1 7. 
Roberts, R. T., b. Penmaenmawr 

40444. Pte., k. in a., F. 

ii/i ''17. 
Roberts, T., b. Mold, 5818 

A/Cpl.. k. in a.. F., 16/5/15 
Roberts, T., b. Chester, 11 262 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 19/3/15. 
Roberts, T., b. Pontypridd 

21028. Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/3/16. 
Roberts, T. J., e. Higher Shot- 
ton, 53921, L/Cpl., k. in a. 

F., 9/12/16. 
Roberts, W., e. Carnarvon 

19532. Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Roberts, W., b. Bangor, 53834 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 2/11/16. 
Roberts, W. E., b. Llanddeinio- 

len. 4017s, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/8/16. 
Roberts, W. O., b. Conway 

4368. Pte., d. of w., F. 

28/5/16. 
Roberts, W. O., b. Denbigh 

5331. Sgt., d., F., 15/11/18. 
Roberts, W. P., b. Rhyl, 11603 

L/Sgt., d., Italy, 26/10/18. 
Robinson, H., b. Swansea, 11 196 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 2/12/14. 
Roblett, E., b. Hoddesdon 

10809. Sgt., d. of w., F. 

14/7/16. 
Rogers, A., b. Oswestry, 12096 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Rogers, C. F., b. Oswestry, 9315 

Cpl.. k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Rogers, F. M., b. Shrewsbury 

10867, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Rogers, G., b. Bristol, 9065 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Rogers, S., b. Chirk, 53740 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 8/ 1 0/17 
Rogers, T., b. High Ercall 

235650, Pte., k. in a., F. 

9/10/17. 
Rose, D., b. Birmingham, 1075 1 

L/Sgt.. k. in a., F., 21/10/14 
Rose, S., b. Bedwas, 43617 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Rosser, a. E., b. Neath, 6073 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Rowlands, C, b. Chester, 56596 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 
Rowlands, H., b. Holyhead 

10536, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/1/15. 
Rowlands, J., b. Mold, 6461 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Rowley, S. E., b. Newport, 9714 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
RusHTON, A. W., b. Rugeley 

18143, L/Cpl., k, in a., Italy 

25/4/18. 
RusHTON, F. G.. b. Birmingham 

9692, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Russell, C, b. Ludlow, 7751 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 16/5/15. 
Russell, J., b. Birmingham 

IV — 20 



5087, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/1/15. 

Ryder, A. E., b. Birmingham 

6742, Pte., d. of w., F. 

7/11/14- 
Rylance, H., b. Liverpool 

17923. Pte., k. in a., F. 

9/4/16. 
Sager, \V., b. Shawforth, 52067 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 28/2/17. 
Salmon, D., b. Pembroke, 31204 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/2/16. 
Salmon, E., b. Pembroke, 31203 

Pte., d. of w., F., 7/2/16. 
Samuel, J., b. Ynysybwl, 17453 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Sanderson, G., b. Carlisle, 23547 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Sanford, G. F., b. Newcastle 

10135. Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Sant, J., b. Chester, 6583, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Satterthwaite, J., b. Birming- 
ham, 9845, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Saunders, L. J., b. Farringdon 

10837, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Scarlet, J. T., b. Boney Hay 

18330, Pte., k. in a., F, 

3/9/16. 
Scott, E., b. Little Somerford 

10519, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Scott, F., b. Manchester, 5389 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Scott, J. E., b. Nantwich, 3863 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Scott, W. J., b. London, 10787 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Scragg, W., b. Birmingham 

9636, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
SFJ.D0N, J., b. Exeter, 10861 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/14. 
Selwyn, E., b. Newland, 33333 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/7/16. 
Sennar, R., b. Pwllheli, 11020 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Sharman, G. a., b. Lowestoft 

5197, Cpl., d. of w., F., 5/3/15 
Shatwell, W., b. Bollington 

4505, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Shaw, C, b. Ennis, Co. Clare 

10587, Pte., k. in a., F. 

13/3/15- 
Sheasby, G. R., b. Aldermmster 

1 185 1, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

29/8/16, D.C.M. 
Shepherd, G. S., b. Birmingham 

9500, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

24/5/15. 
Sheppard, T., b. B^dg^v■ater 

69171, Pte., d., F.. 22/11/17. 
Sherwood, A., b. Swindon, 7776 

Pte.. k. in a.. F.. 16/5/15. 
Shooter, F., b. Low Moor, 24002 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 10/4/16. 
Shropshire, W. J., b. Llan- 

fechain, 53659, Pte., d. of w. 

F., 5/12/16. 



Silvers, H., b. Dudley, 18346, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
SiMcocK, G., b. Hanley, 24650, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/10/17, 

M.M. 
Simnett, J., b. Burton-on-Trent, 

18939, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Simons, W., b. Coventry, 10119, 

Pte., d.. Home, 2/2/17. 
Sims, F. J., b. London, 26748, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Skelly, W., b. Wrexham, 5322. 

Pte.. d. of w., Italy, 15/1 1/18, 

M.M. 
Smale, F., b. Braunton, 5905, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Smallwood, a. H., b. Hanley, 

8301, A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

13/3/15. 
Smedley, G. H., b. Boston, 

235571. Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/10/17. 
Smith, A., b. Birmingham, 9721, 

L/Sgt., d., Italy, 31/3/18. 

M.M. 
Smith, A., b. Newton, 10178, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Smith, A. H.. b. Bristol, 13386, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. F., 27/9/15- 
Smith, F., b. Salford, 7224, 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 1/10/17- 

D.C.M. 
Smith, G., b. Everton, 5391. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/5/15. 
Smith, G., b. Ferndale, 70399. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 31/10/17. 
Smith, S., b. Newport, 4240, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/3/15- 
Smith, T. C, b. Bedminster, 

11346, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- ^ , ^ 

Smith, V., e. Seaforth, 53952. 

Pte., d., F., 12/2/17. 
Smith, W., b. Liverpool, 7827, 

Pte.. k. in a.. F., 10/3/15. 
Snape, F., b. All Saints, 10193, 

Sgt., k. in a.. F., 28/5/15. 
Snead, H.. b. Heigham, 24660, 

Sgt., k. in a.. F., 1/10/17. 
Snell, E., b. Ebbw Vale, 9942. 

Pte.. k. in a., F.. 30/10/14- 
Southern, R. H., b. Over 

Hulton, 52468, Pte., k. in a.. 

F., 1/10/17- 
Speakman, C, b. Stoke. 8334. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/5/15. 
Speed, J. E., b. Hope, 9982, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Speke, H., b. Worcester, 70386. 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 30/10/17. 
Spencer, T. B., e. St. Helens. 

70125. Pte., d. of w., F.. 

10/10/17. 
Spicer, R.. b. St. Asaph, 11394- 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Spiller, C b. Broughton, 70327. 

Pte.. k. in a.. F., 26/10/17. 
Spilsbury, S. G.. b. Barrow-in- 
Furness. 5956, Pte., k. in a.. 

F.. 29/10/14. 
Spooner, J. C. b. Hockley, 

1 1479, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

26/2/17. 



3o6 



APPENDIX VIII 



Stagg, a., b. Spon End, 10224 

Sgt.. d. of w., F., 17/5/15- 
Stanton, W.. b. Stockport, 11 164 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Starkley, J. W., b. London 

9902, Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/11/14. 
Stephens, A. J., b. Kingston-on- 
Thames, 9456, C.M.S., k. in a. 

F., 25/9/15. 
Stephens, J., b. Bnton Ferry 

17002, Pte., d. of w., F. 

26/2/17. 
Stepto, C. p., b. London, 27424 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/9/16. 
Stevens, E., b. Birmingham 

6853. Sgt.. d., F.. 7/1/16. 
Stewart, C, b. Castlebar, Co 

Mayo, 10280, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/14. 
Stinchcombe, E., b. Bristol 

6022. Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Stock, D. J., b. Swansea, 56644 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Stokes, J., b. Birmingham, 11 588 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/5/15. 
Stott, W., b. Facit, 267252, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 9/10/17. 
Stovold, W. M., b. St. Giles 

London, 7731, Pte., d. of w. 

F., 6/11/14. 
Strachan, W. H., b. Cardiff, 

56643, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/8/16. 
Stuart, T., b. London, 36138 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/8/16. 
Stubley, G., b. Birmingham 

8148, Pte., k. in a., F. 

10/7/16. 
Stuckey, a. B., b. Bristol 

-235539. Pte., k. in a., F. 

9/10/17- 
Sullivan, P., b. Dowlais, 10704 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Sullivan, R., b. Bantry, Co 

Cork, 5733, Pte., k. in a., F. 

iS/5/17. 
Sullivan, W., b. Fermanagh 

4016, C.Q.M.S., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
SussEMiLCH, H., b. London 

8742, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14- 
Sutton, J., b. Birmingham 

10352, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15- 
SuTTON, L., b. Chester, 4584 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Syvret, H., b. Guernsey, C.L 

4935, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Taber, a. E., b. Duddeston 

1 1 589, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/s/iS. 
Tallents, W., e. Manchester 

53949, Pte., k. in a., F. 

10/1/17. 
Tame, T., b. Cardiff, 2085, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Tandy, F. E., b. Warwick, 18601 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Tarry, J. G., b. Birmingham 



5857, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/1S- 
Tasker, J., b. Glossop, 52364 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/17. 
Taylor, G., b. Birmingham 

17292, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Taylor, H., b. Wolverhampton 

6566, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Taylor, H., b. Oldham, 52441 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/3/17- 
Taylor, J. H., b. Birmingham 

5277, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

14/5/17, M.M. 
Taylor, P., b. Topsham, 42497 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Taylor, R. A., b. Stratford-on- 

Avon, 1 06 II, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Taylor, T. C, b. Monmouth 

17039, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

5/7/16. 
Taylor, W., b. Birmingham 

10198, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/8/16. 
Teague, G., b. Birkenhead, 5713 

Pte., d. of w., F., 17/S/15. 
Terrington, F., b. Llandyfodwg 

1369s. Cpl., d. of w., Italy 

30/3/18, D.C.M. 
Thomas, A. S., b. Bristol, 9483 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Thomas, C, b. Birkenhead, 7172 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/10/15. 
Thomas, E., b. Merthyr, 18119 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Thomas, E., b. Penmaenmawr 

40464, Pte., d. of w., F. 

5/4/17- 
Thomas, E., b. Llangunnock 

70418, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/10/17. 
Thomas, F., b. Bagillt, 5825 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Thomas, G., b. Tylorstown, 5206 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Thomas, H., b. Swansea, 11166 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Thomas, H., b. Pembroke, 6284 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Thomas, H., b. Glanadda, 53836 

Pte., d. of w., F., 19/5/17. 
Thomas, J., e. Shotton, 53947 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/1/17. 
Thomas, J. P., b. Llanbeblig 

II 1 12, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/14. 
Thomas, J. P., b. Pwllheli 

40410, Pte., d. of w., F. 

io/i/i7- 
Thomas, P., b. Hyde, 37760 

Pte., d. of w., F., 29/1 1/16. 
Thomas, P. T., b. Carnarvon 

53757. Pte., k. in a., F. 

6/10/16. 
Thomas, R., b. Llanddeiniolen 

40124, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/8/16. 
Thomas, S., b. Radnor, 235655 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/10/17. 
Thomas, T., b. Neath, 17950 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 5/10/15, 
Thomas, W., e. Colwj'n Bay 



53923. Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17- 
Thomas, W., b. Femdale, 10626, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Thomas, W. H., b. Carmarthen, 

13518, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/7/16. 
Thompson, A., b. Wavertree, 

55160, Pte., d.. Home, 31/10/17. 
Thompson, J., b. Rock Ferry, 

4756, A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17- 
Thompson, S. R., b. Pendleton, 

5898, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
Thornborough, a. E., b. London, 

10769, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

14/7/16, M.M. 
Thorne, G., b. Bristol, 17735, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
TiMMS, T., b. Salford, 10982, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Tinman, G. H., b. Rhyl, 4250, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/1/15. 
TowNSEND, B., b. Wattstown, 

1 23 10, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15- 
Travers, J., b. Merthyr, 53980, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 31/3/17. 
Tremble, W. C, b. Oxford, 

17015, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Trimnel, J. A., b. Bristol, 9981, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 14/3/15. 
Tudor, H. J., b. Abertillery, 

29634, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
TuNKS, W., b. Chester, 11315, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Turner, V. L., b. Church Stret- 

ton, 70102, Pte., d., Italy, 

20/10/18. 
Tyler, A. C, b. Birmingham, 

9976, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/14. 
Tymon, R., b. Aspull, 17032, Pte., 

d., Italy, 21/5/18. 
Underwood, E., b. Bromsberrow, 

17902, Pte., k. in a., P., 

25/9/15. 
Vann, H., b. Birmingham, 9190, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/8/16. 
Varley, W., b. Middleton, 52090, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 14/3/17. 
Vaughan, a., b. Newport, 6175, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/5/15. 
Vaughan, A., b. Pontypridd, 

4577. Pte., k. in a., F., 6/2/16. 
Vaughan, T., b. Rhosllaner- 

chrugog, 10864, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 6/7/15- 
Vernals, J., b. Birmingham, 

10284, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/10/14. 
ViLES, A. F., b. Femdale, 10341, 

L/Cpl., d., Italy, 2/9/18. 
Vincent, A., b. Southwark, 

27042, Pte., d. of w., F., 

18/10/17. 
Vincent, W. J., b. Birmingham, 

19128, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/7/15. 
Wade, C, b. Pontefract, 10887, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



307 



Wagstaff, G., b. Coventrj'. 8057, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Waight, E., b. Birmingham, 

8095, Pte., d. of w., F., 

24/10/14. 
Wainwright, a., b. Crewe, 

9267, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
Walden, W., b. Croydon, 23393, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 4/5/' 7- 
Walkden, J., b. Manchester, 

10992, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/11/14- 
Walker, F. E., b. Stoke Newing- 

ton. 20588, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

2/9/18. 
Walker, G., b. Hanley, 10951, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/14. 
W.\LKER, J., b. Winsford, 17333, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 
W.\LKER, J. S., b. Highgate, 5926, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 26/9/15. 
W.\LKER, L.. b. Farnworth, 18893, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Walker, T., e. Pontypool, 70441, 

Pte., k. in a., Italy, 17/4/18. 
Wallace, E., b. Blakesley, 37910, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/7/16. 
Ward, C. E., b. Islington, 11 066, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Ward, R., e. Deptford, 56651, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 
Ward, T., b. Chester, 4375, Cpl., 

k. in a., F., 21/5/15. 
Wardle, R., b. Leigh, 18348, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Ware, A. G., b. Neath, Glam., 

17063, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Ware, J., b. London, 10432, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 
Warxer, W. W., b. Birmingham, 

8285, C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Warren, F., b. Evesham, 10403, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Watkins, D. W., b. Cwmgorse, 

37701, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/7/16. 
Watkins, G., b. Merthyr, 16729, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 28/6/15. 
Watkins, G. I., b. Bristol, 56650, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/5/17. 
Watson, F. A., b. Rugby, 36900, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/9/16. 
Watson, H., b. East Bridgeford, 

19464, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/7/16. 
Watson, J. G., b. Woolwich, 

10073, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

11/11/15- 
Watts, F., b. Dorchester, 5846, 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Weaver, W. J., b. Tinsley Bond, 

19745, Pte., d., Italy, 11/6/18. 
Webber, J., b. Liverpool, 76 11, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Webst^, C. F., b. Halesowen, 

1 1 264, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Webster, J. A., b. Wolverhamp- 
ton, 5960, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 



Welch, S., b. Hawarden, 5696, 
Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 

Wells, W., b. Chester, 6823, 
Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 

Welsh, M., b. Liverpool, 6699, 
Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/14. 

Welsh, R., b. Flint, 26389, Pte., 
k. in a., F., 1/10/17. 

West, J. O., b. Liverpool, 
235570, Pte., k. in a., F., 
1/10/17. 

Weston, J., b. Wellington, Salop, 
24878, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15. 

Westwood, F. C, b. Leaming- 
ton, 53668, Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/12/16. 

Westwood, J. T., b. Wolver- 
hampton, 6718, Pte., k. in a., 
F., 27/10/14. 

Wharrad, T., b. Redditch. 61 01, 
Pte., k. in a.. F., 11/3/15. 

Wheatley, R. T., b. Manchester, 
52216, Pte., k. in a., F., 
14/5/17. 

Wheeler, H. H., b. Cardiff, 

10790, L/CpL, k. in a., F., 
3/9/16. 

Wheeler, J. R., b. Brecon, 5280, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Whitbread, W., b. Wrexham, 

10677, C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

14/5/17- D.C.M. and M.M. 
Whitcombe, C., b. Aberdare, 

17825, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
White, F. C, b. Birmingham. 

6946, L/CpL, k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
White, G. M., e. Michaels, Here- 
ford, 55722, L/Cpl., k. in a., 

F., 3/5/18. 
White, R., b. Birmingham, 9069, 

Pte., d., F., 19/6/17. 
White, W. J., b. Gresford, 

19294, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Whitehead, E., b. Heafrey, 

52722, Pte., d. of w., F., 

10/5/17. 
Whitehouse, G., b. Pelsall, 

17505. Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Whitney, T., b. Arva, Co. 

Cavan, 6222, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
WiCKETT, J., b. Birmingham, 

10791, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15. 

Wilbourn, a., b. Deptford, 

56652, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/16. 
Wilbraham, G., b. Woodchurch, 

315394, Pte., d. of w.. Home, 

20/11/17. 
Wild, W. K., b. Rochdale, 52064, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Wilding, J., b. Wrexham, 8883, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
WiLKiNS, J., b. Stapleton, 17527, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Wilkinson, A., b. Llanbeblig, 

265470, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17. 



Wilkinson, F., b. Ramsbottom, 

52670, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/5/17. 
Wilkinson, J., b. Farnworth, 

70346, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/17. 
Williams, A., b. Llangrove, 

53981, Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/5/17. 

Williams, C. B., b. Swansea, 

581 1, A/L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/5/1S. 
Williams, D., b. Femdale, 4613, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Williams, D., b. Denbigh, 6491, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/5/15. 
Williams, D., b. Trecastle, 

53982, Pte., k. in a., F., 
26/2/17. 

Williams, D, O., b. Wrexham, 

24420, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
Williams, E., b. Abertillery, 

4789, Pte., d. of w., F., 

14/1/15. 
Williams, E., b. Watts Town, 

5428, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Williams, H., b. Penygroes, 

11783, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/7/16. 
Williams, H., b. Bethesda, 

13273, Pte., k. in a., F., 

2/10/17. 
Williams, H., e. Wrexham, 

40902, Pte., d., Home. 2/2/18. 
Williams, H. M., b. Waenfawr, 

40439, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/8/16. 
Williams, I., b. Newport, 1238, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Williams, I., b. Festiniog, 66821, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/1 1/17. 
Williams, J., b. Swansea, 5977, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Williams, J., b. Denbigh, 6475, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Williams, J., e. Bethesda, 53801, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 
Williams, J., b. Manchester, 

70440, Pte., k. in a., Italy, 

3/5/18. 
Williams, J. A., b. .A.ldershot, 

1129s, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/8/16. 
Williams, J. D., b. Ruabon, 

1 591 6, Pte., k. in a.. F., 

26/10/17. 
Williams, J. G., b. Harlech, 

49800, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17. 
Williams, J. H., b. Talybont, 

6349, Pte., k. in a., F., 5/7/J6. 
Williams, J. R., b. Holywell, 

10258, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Williams, J. R., b. Trawsfyndd, 

18459, Pte., d. of w., F.. 

29/5/16. 
Williams, J. T., b. Cork. Ire- 
land, 55721, Pte., k. in a.. F., 

26/2/17. 
Williams, M., b. Arthog, 6253, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/3/15. 



3o8 



APPENDIX VIII 



Williams, M., b. Llanberis 

40430, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/2/17. 
Williams, O. G., b. Pwllheli 

53671, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/2/17. 
Williams, O. J., b. Llanrhyddlad 

53745. Pte., d. of w., Italy 

6/4/18. 
Williams, O. R., b. Carnarvon 

5799, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Williams, P. T., b. Cwmbran 

5172, Cpl., d. of w., F. 

12/10/17. 
Williams, R., b. Denbigh, 6013 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Williams, R., e. Liverpool 

37170, A/Sgt., k. in a., F. 

29/8/16. 
Williams, R., b. Holyhead 

44366, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/10/17. 
Williams, R., b. Liverpool 

5977, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Williams, R., b. Carnarvon 

40402, Pte., d., F., 13/1/17. 
Williams, R., b. Llanberis 

40477, Pte., k. in a., F. 

1/9/16. 
Williams, R. J., b. Bodfari 

17796, Pte., k. in a., F, 

5/9/16. 
Williams, T., b. Llanfabon 

17436, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Williams, T., b. Mountain Ash 

19096, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Williams, T., b. Llanddeiniolen 

40128, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/8/16. 
Williams, T. G., b. Dolbenham 

45157, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/5/17. 
Williams, T. W., b. Digbeth 

Warwick, 5164, Pte., k. in a. 

F.. 28/11/14. 
Williams, W., b. Pontypridd 

5313. Pte., k. in a., F. 

18/7/16. 
Williams, W., b. Holt, 53666 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/6/17. 
Williams, W. C, b. Denbigh 

6189, Pte., d. of w., F. 

28/11/14. 
Williams, W. E., b. Ebenezer 

53840, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/10/17. 
Williams, W. R., b. Bangor 

12293, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/16. 
Williams, W. R., b. Llanllyfni 

21 126, Pte., d. of w., F. 

22/1/17. 
WiLSHAW, A., b. Hanley, 19150 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Wilson, J. A., b. Liverpool 

5659, Pte., k. in a., F. 

12/3/15. 
WixROE, R., e. Ormskirk, 53800 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/5/17. 



WiKROw, J., b. Liverpool, 33027, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/11/15. 
WiTTON, J., b. Charetown, 17702, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/9/16. 
Wood, T., b. Stretton, 5532, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/4/16. 
Woodcock, J., b. Runcorn, 17341, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Woodford, J., b. Birmingham, 

9956, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/14. 
WooDHOUSE, C. T., b. Newport, 

4639, Pte., d., F., 4/10/15. 
WooDHOUSE, R., b. Burnley, 

24103, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/11/15. 
WooLRiCH, W., b. Wolverhamp- 
ton, 8204, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/3/15. 
WoRRALL, p., b. Hollins, 266898, 

Pte., d. of w., Italy, 9/8/18. 
WoRSFORD, W., b. Guildford, 

6557, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/10/14. 
WvMAN, C, b. Barking, 10900, 

Pte., d., F., 3/11/15. 
Wynne, P., b. Liverpool, 10892, 

Pte., d., F., 19/6/15. 
Yates, C, b. Monmouth, 5889, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Yeomans, a., b. Gloucester, 

14814, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/5/15. 
Zeiler, M., b. Neath, 29566, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 14/5/17. 



2nd BATTALION 

Airev, R. C, b. Lancaster, 73298, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Akers, R., b. London, 24661, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 23/4/18. 
Alden, S. F., b. Birmingham, 

6814, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/11/16. 
Allan, J., b. Greenock, 9548, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 17/6/15. 
Allcock, G., b. Stratford-on- 

Avon, 11067, L/Cpl., k. in a., 

F., 4/11/14. 
Allen, A. H., b. Cardiff, 11093, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Allen, W., b. Haslington, 37245, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Almond, F., b. Darwen, 17172, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Amos, J., b. Rhyl, 203161, Sgt., 

k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Andrews, C. F., b. Winchester, 

56517, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Andrews, J., b. Boughton, 4849, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Ankers, H., e. Wrexham, 200816, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 2/9/18. 
Anson, T., b. Birkenhead, 7607, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/5/16. 
Archer, W., b. Cowbridge, 18485, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/8/18. 
Arkell, a. E., b. Birmingham, 

8.117. L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

3/9/18. 
Armstrong, W., b. Newton-le- 



Willows, 202559, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 8/10/18. 
AsHWORTH, H., b. Bacup, 15507, 

Sgt., d. of w., F., 6/7/16. 
AsHWORTH, W., b. Manchester, 

29068, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/9/18. 
AsTiLL, W., b. Coventry, 15118, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 8/2/16. 
Aston, S., b. Swansea, 56177, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Atkins, E. J., e. Barry, 54071, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 12/2/17. 
Atkinson, A., b. Liverpool, 

73299, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/4/18. 
Atkinson, F., b. Cardiff, 37934, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
AusTwiCK, J., b. Todmorden, 

7149, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/11/14. 
Babb, F. R., b. Birmingham, 

10443, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/9/15. 
Baggott, C. a., b. Bridgend, 

74952, Pte., d. of w., F., 

12/3/18. 
Bailey, W., b. Burnley, 201813, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Bailey, W. H., b. Manchester, 

66629, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/8/18. 
Baker, H., b. Pontypridd, 93708, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/10/18. 
Baker, J., b. Sheffield, 33322, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Bale, J. W., b. Rugby, 9339, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 22/6/16, 

D.C.M. 
Ball, D. F., b. Neath, 26425, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Ball, G., b. Plymouth, 11148, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/10/14. 
Balton, W., b. Oldham, 52214, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Barlow, S., b. Malpas, 9453, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Barnes, C. H., b. Cadoxton, 

Glam., 10678, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 3/11/14. 
Baron, W., b. Blackpool, 8108, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 13/12/15. 
Barratt, J. R., b. Stockport, 

11340, Pte., d. of w., F., 

22/9/15. 
Barrett, E. L., b. Colytown, 

Devon, 10390, Cpl., d. of w., 

F., 15/9/18, D.C.M. 
Barton, A., b. Warrington, 

77755. Pte., k. in a., F., 

24/8/18. 
Barton, T., b. Blackburn, 56178, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 27/5/17. 
Bass, H., b. Birmingham, 9318, 

L/Cpl., d., Home, 24/7/16. 
Bateman, F., b. Kilkenny, 56719, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 26/10/16. 
Bates, H., b. Walsall, 7812, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 17/2/17. 
Bath, E., b. Stockport, 8279, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Battye, a., b. Tintwistle, 

Cheshire, 56257, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 27/5/17. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



309 



Baxter, A. N., b. West Brom- 

wich, 10330, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/10/14- 
Bayliss, a. W., b. Birmingham, 

31 199, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Beagan, J., b. Manchester, 63167, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Beasley, E., b. Leeds, 91 125, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/10/18. 
Beaton, C. H., b. Arthur's 

Bridge, Somerset. 30288, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 19/8/16. 
Bedder, L. C, b. Cardiff, 11818, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/3/15- 
Beddoes, E. T., b. Sutton Cold- 
field, 17775, Pte., k. in a., F., 

S/7/16. 
Beddoes, W. A., b. Ludlow, 

Salop, 7639, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/6/15. 
Bell, A. K., e. Manchester, 

73308, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/7/18. 
Bell, F., b. Birmingham, 6386, 

C.Q.M.S., d. of w., F., 

29/9/15. 
Belshaw, R., b. Gorton, 37206, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Bennett, C, b. Clayton, 73312, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Bennett, J., b. Stockport, 9384, 

Cpl., d.. Home, 1/9/16, M.M. 
Bennett, R., b. Blackburn, 

73306, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Bentley, J. J., b. Arthog, 54545, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/4/ 17. 
Berry, E., b. Burnley, 201639, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Berry, W. E. J., b. Bridgwater, 

1 1 327, Pte., d. of w., F., 

9/12/14. 
Bet hell, E. F., b. Newport, 

70558, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/18. 
Bevan, a. G., b. Swansea, 10309, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Biggs, G., e. Rhosymedre, 54068, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Biggs, W. J., b. Rotherhithe, 

56214, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Big NELL, C. H., b. Wrexham, 

55x74, Pte., d. of w., F., 

29/4/17. 
Billings, W. G., b. Neath, 55564, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Bishop, W. T., b. Hopton- 

Wafers, 73303, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 24/10/18. 
Blacktin, H. C, b. Wrexham, 

9910, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

30/10/16. 
Blair, W., b. Aspatria, 71945, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Blaylqck, W., b. Blackpool, 

55102, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/3/17. 
Blayney, E. O., b. Trefeglwys, 

203531, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Bloor, a., b. Tunstall, 23938, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 



Bolton, W., b. Birmingham, 

9561, Pte., d. of w., F., 

12/7/15. 
Bond, J., b. Lydiate, 266868, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Boot, W. W., b. Birmingham, 

9090, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/iS- 
BooTH, J., e. Newport, 88777, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/11/18. 
Booth, T., b. Roorkie, India, 

10255, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/6/15. 
Bostock, M. L., b. Whitchurch, 

17336, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
BoswELL, W. H., b. Birmingham, 

6739, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/15. 
Bourne, E., b. Llanfair-Caerei- 

nion, 55170, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/1 1/17. 
BowEN, F. W., b. Flint, 9452, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 14/11/14. 
BowEN, J., b. Llanboidy, 59427, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/9/18. 
BowEN, T. F., b. Treharris, 

TZZ-^o, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/1/18. 
Bower, L., b. Bradford, 46420, 

Cpl., d. of w., F., 22/6/18. 
Bowers, G., b. Eccleshall, Staf- 
ford, 7000, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
BoYEs, J., b. Holywell, 54605, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/3/17- 
Bradley, H., b. Flint, 12800, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/4/17. 
Bradley, H., b. Birkenhead, 

70274, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/10/17. 
Bradley, L. J., e. Welshpool, 

55175, Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/4/17. 

Bradshaw, T., b. Northmoore, 

7930, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/11/14- 
Brady, a., b. Stockport, 53005, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Brady, W., b. Wrexham, 7239, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 18/7/16. 
Bramhall, S., b. Dukinfield, 

Cheshire, 8437, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 18/10/18. 
Brazenhall, H., b. Birmingham, 

9571, Pte., d. of w., Home, 

26/6/16. 
Bridgman, H. S., b. St. Dominic, 

Cornwall, 56522, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 26/9/17. 
Briggs, a., b. Stepney, 27058, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Bristow, T., b. Overton-on-Dee, 

55176, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17- 
Britam, a., b. Manchester, 

267250, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Britton, a. S., b. Panteg, 89278, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 4/11/18. 
Bromley, G. W., b. Bethnal 

Green, 27^12, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/'7- 
Brooker-Carey, C., b. Colne, 



46446, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/11/17- 
Brooks, R. G., b. Abergavenny, 

8624, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Brown, B., b. Abertillery, 59601, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/5/18. 
Brown, G., b. Pimlico, 10325, 

Dmr., k. in a., F., 19/10/17. 
Brown, G. A., b. Roath, 10628, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/1/15. 
Brownbill, a., b. Liverpool, 

72460, Pte., d. of w., F., 

5/9/18. 
Browning, C. G., b. Birmingham, 

8727, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/11/14- 
Bruin, W., b. Bethnal Green, 

24461, Pte., d. of w., F., 

7/11/16. 
Buck, A., b. Nottingham, 11436, 

Pte., d., At Sea, 3/8/18. 
BuFFEY, W., e. Wrexham, 54065, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/8/17. 
BuNN, G., b. Hereford, 202724, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/5/18. 
BuRD, R. C, b. Newtown, 57042, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/9/18. 
Burgess, E. B., b. Swansea, 

55558, Pte., k. in a., F., 

10/10/17. 
Burgess, W. V., b. Widnes, 

7826, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/11/14. 
Burrows, W. T., e. Ogmore 

Vale, 89211, Pte., d. of w., F., 

4/11/18. 
Burtenshaw, F., b. London, 

9277, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/8/18. 
Butcher, S., b. Oswestry, 11478, 

k. in a., F., 19/10/17. 
Butler, F. S., b. Buckhurst Hill, 

Essex, 56206, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 18/8/17. 
Bye, D., b. Bristol, 7079, Cpl., 

k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Cadman, B., b. Rotherham, 6015, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/7/16. 
Cady, S. J., b. Pontypridd, 

201602, Pte., d. of w., F., 

29/9/17. 
Cargill, T., b. Ilkeston, 72012, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/10/18. 
Carney, T., b. St. Chads, War- 
wick, 37417, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. 
Carrigan, J., e. Wrexham, 54073, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/16. 
Carter, E., b. Runcorn, 7146, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/4/15. 
Carter, J., b. Cardiff, 8931, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Carter, W., b. Wolverhampton, 

5873, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

7/11/14- 
Cavill, a. J., b. Mardy, 8883-', 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Cawthray, H., b. York, 77965, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 13/9/18, 
Cecil, F., b. Abersychan, 69473, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 15/9/18. 
Chadderton, H. S., b. Ashton- 



3IO 



APPENDIX VIII 



under-L>Tie, 52440, Pte., k. in 

a., F., 2-lsli-7- 
Chadwick, W., b. U.S.A., 76371. 

Pte., d. of \\., F., 1 5/9/ 1 8. 
Ch.ali.nor, S., b. Birkenhead, 

7052, Pte., k. in a., F., 6/8/15. 
Chambers, W. A., e. Lewisham, 

70261, Pte., d. of w., Home, 

8/6/18. 
Chaplin, J. H., b. Birmingham, 

36881, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/5/17. 
Chapman, F., e. Holbom, 27979, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Charles, R., e. Oswestry, 291522, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 27/5/17. 
Ch.\tfield, E., b. Chester, 10108, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/9/15. 
Chatterton, G., b. Colne, 

201869, Pte., d. of w., P., 

19/7/18. 
Chatwin, W., b. Birmingham, 

918 1, Pte., k, in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Chisholm, J. R., b. Coventry, 

9733. Pte., k. in a., F., 2/1 /16. 
Christopher, H., b. Heskin, 

93378, Pte., d. of \v., F., 

2/9/18. 
Clarke, E., b. Beswick, 19862, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/1/16. 
Clarke, H., b. Ruthin, 12220, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Clarke, J. J., b. Liverpool, 93361, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/8/18. 
Clarke, R. T., b. Brecon, 11 115, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Clayton, A. J., b. New Tredegar, 

73710, Pte., k. in a., F., 

9/5/18. 
Clements, W. T., b. Grays, 

Essex, 55894, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 21/3/18. 
Clifford, P., b. Salford, 63948, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/4/17- 
Coates, E. J., b. Blagdon, 31036, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 28/1 1/17. 
Cocks, T. C, b. Brixton, 107 17, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/17. 
Cohen, E., b. London. 8755, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/8/16. 
Cohen, M., b. Manchester, 63170, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Coker, W., b. Birmingham, 7955. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/16. 
Cole, T. J., b. Penderry, Glam., 

73244, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Collier, F., b. Panteg, Mon., 

18350, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17' 
CoLLiNSON, J., b. Blackburn, 

201747, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/3/18. 
Comerford, G., b. Birmmgliam, 

91 16, Pte., d., Home, 26/3/15- 
Condick, E., b. Westleigh, Devon, 

9639, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/10/14. 
Connolly, J., b. Manchester, 

5990, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/15. 
Cooke, J., b. Blackburn, 73357. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/6/18. 



Cooke, J. W. B., b. Ruthin, 541 14, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/16. 
Cooke, P., b. Worsley, 93367, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Cooper, E., b. Manchester, 73330, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/1 1/17. 
Corbett, F., b. Birmingham, 

6673. Pte., d. of w., F., 

22/9/15. 
CosTELLo, F., b. Salford, 8276, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
CouLTAs, G., b. Filey, 59709, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
CouLTON, J. R., b. Liverpool, 

72008, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/9/18. 
Courtney, E., b. Roath, 9353, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 26/9/17, 

M.M. 
Cox, G. H., b. Birmingham, 81 12, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 20/6/15. 
Cox, J., b. Bolton, 31022, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Craig, H., b. Guisborough, 31032, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Craig, J. H., b. Dublin, 18392, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Crewe, S. H., b. Camden Town, 

56201, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Cripps, H. G., b. Reading, 12065, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Critchley, W., b. Liverpool, 

66201, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/8/18. 
Crumpton, a. H., b. St. James, 

Hereford, 31030, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 20/7/16. 
Cutcliffe, E. J., b. Amroth, 

57136, Pte., d., F.. s/io/18. 
Daly, J., e. Birkenhead, 55604, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/18. 
Daniels, D., b. Pontardawe, 

37629, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/10/16. 
Darlington, F., b. Oldham, 

56180, Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/9/18. 
Davenport, A., b. Sandbach 

Heath, 8409, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

7/11/14- 
Davenport, E. E., b. Southam, 

9708, A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

29/4/15- 
David, B., b. Neath, 55568, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Davies, a., b. Neath, 375556, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 9/9/19. 
Davies, A. E., b. Llanidloes, 

54607, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
Davies, a. J., b. Bromsberrow, 

56722, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

5/3/17. 
Davies, A. R., b. Waunfawr, 

55547. Pte., d. of w., Home, 

25/2/17. 
Davies, A. V., b. Liverpool, 

73337. Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/8/18. 
Davies, D., e. Llandudno, 36634, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/8/18. 
Davies, E., b. Merthyr Tydvil, 



75080, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/8/18. 
Davies, F., b. Pembroke Dock, 

39740, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/11/17. 
Davies, F. W., b. Birmingham, 

8227, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/10/14. 
Davies, G., e. Claypit Yazor, 

55185, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/4/17. 
Davies, G., b. Wigan, 73250, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Davies, G., b. Bow, London, 

89402, Pte., d. of w., Home, 

19/11/18. 
Davies, G. O., b. Llanberis, 

54589, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Davies, G. T., b. Liverpool, 

73339. Pte., d. of w., F., 

17/4/18. 
Davies, H., b. Gwersyllt, 6601, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/8/16. 
Davies, H. F., b. Rhyl, 11 165, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/3/18. 
Davies, J., b. BreconsJiire, 77481, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/8/18. 
Davies, J., b. Llandinam, 29459, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Davies, J., b. St. Asaph, 60969, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 14/3/18. 
Davies, J. E., b. Llanelidan, 

73248, Pte., k. in a., F., 
2S/11/17. 

Davies, J. R., b. Aberystwyth, 
8546, Pte., k. in a., F., 
15/3/16. 

Davies, J. T., b. Machynlleth, 

73249, Pte., d. of w., F., 
25/4/18. 

Davies, J. W., b. Llangoed, 

61072, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/1/18. 
Davies, J. W., b. Smethwick, 

11980, L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17- 
Davies, M., b. Llandudno, 61350, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
Davies, O. G. W., b. Shrewsbury, 

93642, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/11/18. 
Davies, P., b. Sheffield, 17014, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Davies, R. B., b. Blaenau Fes- 

tiniog, 61200, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/8/18. 
Davies, T., b. Llanberis, 11024, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Davies, T. J., b. Tylorstown, 

4474, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Davies, T. J., b. Rhiwlas, 18036, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/8/18. 
Davies, T. W., b. Liverpool, 

10364, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/4/16. 
Davies, W., b. Ystradygodw>-, 

5540, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17. M.M. 
Davies, W., b. Gwersyllt, 16903, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/5/16. 
Davies, W., b. Penywain, 19897, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



311 



Davies, W., b. Llandudno, 26208, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 3/8/17. 
Davies, W., b. Llanfigan, 371 19, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Davies, W., b. Cwmbychan 

39991, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17. 
Davies, \V., b. Llanegrryn, 61 189 

Pte., k, in a., F., 18/10/18. 
Davies, W. J., b. Abercarn 

1 1200, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/8/18. 
Davies, W. K., b. Wrexham 

200385, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17. 
Davis, T., b. Birmingham, 6749 

Pte., d. of w., F., 17/5/15. 
Davison, A., b. Stoke-on-Trent 

29211, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/S/18. 
Dawson, A., b. Nelson, 31467 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 7/11/16. 
Dean, S., b. Warrington, 8338 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 
Dean, S., b. Mold, 39026, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
De.\rn, W., b. Smethwick, 7679 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 11/1/15 
Deemings, G., b. Atherstone 

9542. Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Derry, H., b. Bumtwood, 36329 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Dickenson, J., b. Leek, 23794 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Dike, F., b. Trowbridge, 10606 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
DoLLiN, W. P., b. Bristol, 88762 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Dolman, A., b. Shrewsbury 

8181, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Donegan, T., b. Clonmel. Tip- 

perary, 33254, Pte., d.. Home 

20/3/18. 
DooLEY, A., b. Cemey, 3976 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 21/8/16. 
DouBLEDAY, J., b. Ardwick 

20631, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/11/18. 
Douglas, G., b. Kidderminster 

9618, Pte., d. of w., F. 

4/11/14. 
Downes, J., b. Whitchurch 

10340, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

18/7/16. 
Doyle, W., b. Manchester, 29136 

Pte., d. of w., F., 14/7/18. 
Draper, H. S., b. Kingsthorpe 

202318, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17- 
Drinkwater, I. C., b. Cardiff 

235365. Sgt., k. in a., F. 

28/11/17- 
Driscoll, E., b. Cardiff, 39579 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/16. 
Duley, a., b. Aston, 11147, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Dunne, B., b. Liverpool, 7800 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., u/r/is 
Dyson, A., b. Sheffield, 56254 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/5/18. 
Earnshaw, T., b. Sheffield, 31052, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/4/16. 



Eaton, J., b. Llandyssil, 55197, 

Pte., d. of vv., F., 25/4/17. 
EuBRELL, T., b. Rockferry, 56240, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Edge, E. G., b. Llangeinor, 20660, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Edmonds, J., b. Birmingham, 

9368, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/11/14. 
Edmunds, J. S., b. Pontypridd, 

56677, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/11/17. 
Edmundson, J., b. Burnley, 

70159, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/8/18. 
Edson, G., b. Pinxton, 19624, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Edwards, E., b. Llanfyllin, 

33434, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

17/5/16. 
Edwards, E., b. Hanley, 3674-1- 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Edwards, E., b. Merthyr, 19797. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/1/16. 
Edwards, E. E., b. Llanycil, 

4838, Sgt., d., F., 18/5/15. 
Edwards, F., b. St. Asaph, 12233, 

Pte., d., F., 14/12/14. 
Edwards, G., b. Llanelidan, 

89445, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/10/18. 
Edwards, G. O., e. Liverpool, 

36863, Pte., k. in a., F., 

17/5/16. 
Edwards, H. R., b. Llandysilio, 

55609, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/5/17- 
Edwards, J., b. Penmaenmawr, 

8998, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Edwards, R. J., b. Lixwni, 73721, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Edwards, W., b. Carmarthen, 

5484, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Edwards, W., b. Ffynnongroew, 

39993, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/10/17. 
Edwards, W. J., b. Penrhos, 

38150, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/8/16. 
Edwin, T., b. Birmingham, 6240, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 13/6/15. 
Elcocks, R., b. Wellington, 

Salop, TTJz, Pte., d. of w., 

Home. 26/6/\$. 
Elks, G. H., b. Burton-on-Trent, 

18940, Pte., d. of w., F., 

19/5/18. 
Elliott, G.. b. Cwmcam, 17721, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/1/17. 
Elliott, S., b. Trinity, Black- 
bum, 8309, L/Sgt.. d. of w., 

Home, 18/9/16, M.M. 
Ellis, D. T., b. Llanfair-caerei- 

nion, 55193, Pte., d. of w., F., 

1 1/10/17. 
Ellis, T. J., e. Treflach, 55192, 

Pte., d., F., 22/2/17. 
Elston, J., b. Seacombe, 6913, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/5/15. 
Emanuel, D., b. Briton Ferry, 

16670, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/iS- 



Ensor, H., b. Stratford-on-Avon, 

9025, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Essex, A. E., b. Birmingham, 

8067, Pte., d. of w., F., 

4/11/14. 
Evans, A., b. Mardy, 5429, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Evans, A. M., b. Manchester, 

29659, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Evans, D., b. Tong^ynlais, 

20614, Pte., k. in a., F., 

24/4/18. 
Evans, E., b. Birmingham, 6828, 

Pte., d., F., 23/10/14. 
Evans, E., b. Rhosddu, 31815, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Evans, E., b. Rhydymain, 291469, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Evans, E. D., b. Oswestry, 

292592, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
EvANS, E. J., b. Llangynog. 6360, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 22/6/16. 
Evans, F., e. Whitchurch, Salop, 

55195, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17- 
Evans, F. H., b. Smethwick, 9644, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/7/16, 

M.M. 
Evans, H., b. Birmingham, 9662, 

Sgt., d. of w., F., 5/11/16. 
Evans, H., b. Llanwnnog, 55201, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Evans, J., b. Newcastle, Stafford, 

7065, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Evans, J., e. Wrexham, 55608, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Evans, J., b. Walkden, 59495, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 26/9/17. 
Evans, J., b. Llandilo, 9132, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 29/1/16. 
Evans, J., e. Welshpool, 55202, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/8/18. 
Evans, J. A., b. Carrog, 56181, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 2/10/18. 
Evans, J. G., b. Newtown, 55200, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
Evans, J. T., b. Llandilo, 29508, 

L/Sgt., d. of w., F. 7/Ji/i6. 
Evans, L., b. Bangor, 28998, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 12/7/18. 
Evans, L., b. Wrexham, 39061, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/16. 
Evans, R., b. Welshpool, 541 17, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Evans, R., e. Ruabon, 200980, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 27/5/17. 
Evans, R. C. W., b. Nantgaredig, 

68854, Pte., d. of w., F., 

3/12/18. 
Evans, R. H., b. Llandwrog, 

60917, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17- 
Evans, W., b. Oswestry, 10114, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Evans, W., b. Oswestry, 66315, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/8/17. 
Evans, W., b. Mold. 6009, Pte., 

k. in a.. F., 7/9/15. 
Evans, W.. b. Atherstone, 9610, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/2/16. 



312 



APPENDIX VIII 



Evans, W., e. Hereford, 55206 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
EvASON, J., b. Liverpool, 73361 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/4/18. 
EvTON, J. J., b. W'rexham, 36130 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Facer, J., b. Leicester, 56232 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Fairburn, J. R. W., b. Lime- 
house, 26840, Pte., d., F. 

28/12/16. 
Farr, T., e. Llandudno, 55208 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Farrell, D., b. Coventry, 8799 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 15/7/16. 
Farrell, J., b. Chester, 7969 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/10/14. 
Favlkner, F. T.. b. Cheltenham 

6395, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Faulkner, J., b. Liverpool 

73377. Pte., d. of w., F. 

22/4/18. 
Feber, W., b. Bacup, 201488 

Pte., d. of \v., F., 27/9/17. 
Ferrixgton, a. E., b. Crewe 

202757, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/11/17. 
Fidler, J. W., e. Poulton, Ches. 

55612, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/10/18. 
Field, C, b. Birmingham, 81 14 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/11/14. 
Firth, E., b. Portsmouth, 91 14 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
FiTTON, J. T., b. Haslingden 

23964, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/9/16. 
Flint, G., b. Birmingham, 36665 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Foote, W., b. Roath, 9247 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 2/1/16. 
Ford, R. H., b. Manchester 

36553. Pte., k. in a., F. 

19/8/16. 
FouLKES, T., b. Conway, 73263 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/4/18. 
Fowler, E. J., b. Bradford 

48871, Pte., k. in a., F. 

23/4/17. 
Fowler, J., b. Blackburn, 73363 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/8/18. 
Fowler, R. A., b. Welton, 56546 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/8/18. 
Fox, H., b. Buckley, 89364, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Fox, H., b. Birmingham, 10424 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 24/4/17. 
Fox, R., b. Cheltenham, 8891 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/11/17. 
Fradley, J., b. Birmingham 

36417, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Francis, W., b. Tunstall, 20580 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 30/1/17, 
French, J., b. St. Helens, 56204 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/11/17 
FuLLWooD, J. B., b. Wolverhamp 

ton, 29991, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/9/18. 
Fl'rzer, F. T., b. London, 26515 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 28/10/16. 
Gannon, M. P., b. Newcastle 



Staffs, 28336, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/8/18. 
Gardner, A. E., b. Blackfriars 

28129, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/10/18. 
Garratt, J. E., b. Birmingham 

9404, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

16/5/15. 
Garth, A., b. Shaw, Lanes. 

73415. Pte., k. in a., F. 

1/9/18. 
Garth, A. E., b. Salop, 41759 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Gazev, G., b. Birmingham, 36625 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/6/16. 
George, A. E., b. Tutbuo', 8649 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/3/15. 
Gillibrand, T., b. Osbaldeston 

73508, Pte., d. of w., F. 

21/6/1S. 
GiLLiGAN, R. T., b. Birmingham 

6788, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/5/1S. 
Gleede, K. C, b. King's Stanley 

73366, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

16/10/18. 
Glover, J., b. Mailing, 73360 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
GoLBY, J. F., b. Birmingham 

9699, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

20/7/16. 
Golledge, J. D., b. Trealaw 

4593. L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

30/8/16. 
Gorman, A. W., b. Plymouth 

9749, L/Sgt., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17. 
Gorman, F. L., b. Ballymot, Sligo 

55572, Pte., d., F., 21/4/18. 
GouGH, A., b. Ledbury North 

55214, Pte., k. in a., F 

22/5/17. 
Gozzard, B., b. Hammerwich 

14042, Pte., d. of w., F. 

20/5/15. 
Graham, W., b. Southampton 

38819, Pte., d., F., 12/11/16. 
Grainger, W., b. Shalton, 8380 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Gray, C. W., b. Brixton, 27936 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 4/11/18 

M.M. 
Gray, J., b. Cardiff, 73273, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Gray, R. L, b. Cardiff, 73266 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
Gray, S., b. Birmingham, 6142 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Green, G., b. Worplesdon, 8922 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/9/15. 
Greenhalgh, T. H., b. Bolton 

19742, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Gregory, E., b. Cardigan, 73271 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
Griffiths, G. E., b. Llanllechid 

18380, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17- 
Griffiths, J., b. Llechryd, 73269 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/7/18. 
Griffiths, J. A., e. Penygroes 

73265, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/11/17. 



Griffiths, R., b. Conwav, 73270, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/ 17. 
Griffiths, T., e. Camarvon, 

55035. Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17- 
Griffiths, W., b. Pembroke, 

73267, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Griffiths, W., e. Llanberis, 

44195, Pte., k. in a., F., 

15/5/17- 
Griffiths, W. J., b. Llanrwst, 

5220, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Grigg, T. W., b. \\'ednesbury, 

6803, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/12/14. 
Grimmett, T., b. Birmingham, 

8917, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/1/16. 
Gristock, F., e. Cardiff, 54083, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/6/17. 
Grocott, F., b. Market Drayton, 

7797, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/11/14. 
Guest, L, b. Castleford, 57158, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/6/18, 

MM. 
Halcrow, G. W., b. Southport, 

75421, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Hall, C, b. Froghall. 37351, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Hall, T., b. Oldham, 24215, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 26/8/18. 
Hall, W. T., e. Welshpool, 

55228, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/11/17. 
Hallmark, D., b. Winsford, 

39849, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17- 
Ham, W., b. Cardiff, 11 238, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 26/10/14. 
Hamer, F. G., e. Downton, 55226, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Hampson, a., b. St. Helens, 

56242, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17. 
Hampso.n, W., b. Liverpool, 

7108, Pte., d.. Home, 10/12/14. 
Hancock, J., b. Swansea, 6586, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 20/7/16. 
Hand, S., b. Birmingham, 9155, 

Pte., d., F., 11/7/15- 
Handley, J., b. Salford, 37329, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Handley, R., b. Seaforth, 73402, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/12/17. 
Handley, S., b. Gloucester, 6636, 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F.. 6/1 1/14. 
Hannaby, R., b. Conway, 9587, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hardess, a., b. Cardiff, 75154, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 13/9/18. 
Hare, H., b. Cardiff, 37561, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Harper, H. J., b. Birmingham, 

11234, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

31/8/18. 
Harris, A., b. Wolverhampton, 

6930, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Harris, A. J., b. Deolali, India, 
11291, Sgt., d., F., is/6/18. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



313 



Harris, C. A., b. Birmingham 

9440, Pte.. k. in a., F. 

19/5/1S. 
Harris, D., b. Willenhall, 36925 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Harris, J. H., b. Neath, 37070 

Pte.. d., F., 23/12/16. 
Harrison-, A. V., b. Timarn 

New Zealand, 23445, Pte., d. of 

%v., F., 2/9/18. 
Harrison, T., b. Wigan, 73567 

Pte., d. of w., F., s/12/18. 
Hart, W. E., b. Rainford, 73398 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 25/4/18. 
Hartley, E., b. Hope, Flint 

33296, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/7/16. 
Hartley, T., e. Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 242859, Pte., d. of \v., F. 

2/9/18. 
Harvey, A., b. West Derby, 5974 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/2/15. 
Harvey, A. V., b. Birmingham 

10329, Sgt., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Hately, E. p., b. Homerton 

35471, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

12/7/18. 
Hawkixs, B., b. Sheffield, 12121 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Haworth, W. C. b. Blackburn 

72,7,^7, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/11/17. 
Haycocks, J., b. Wrexham. 8149 

Pte., d. of w., F., 10/6/15. 
Hayden, T., b. Kilbride, Co 

Wicklow, 38565, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 19/8/16. 
Hayes, W. J., b. Tyrone, 56536 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Heald, W. G., b. Leeds, 29612 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 23/4/17 
Healey, E., b. Reading, 8725 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 26/10/14 
Heard, A. E., b. Birmingham 

10622, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/5/16. 
Heath, A. H., b. Hockley, 8630 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Heath, G.. b. Swindon, 38563 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 5/11/16. 
Heath, W. E., b. Bolton, 19750 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Heaton, R., b. Miles Platting 

56183, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/6/17. 
Hellyx, F., b. Wrexham, 5309 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Henney, F., b. Atherstone, 371 17 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 6/7/16. 
Herbert, G. W., b. London 

35366, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/8/16. 
Herd, R. E., b. Oxford. 60638 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Heron, J., b. Liverpool, 73405 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/4/18. 
Heys," F., b. Blackburn, 73394 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/11/17. 
HiCKiNSON, St. A., b. Bamford 

56560, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17. 
HiGGiN, W. H. H., b. Rochdale, 

9031, Pte., d., Home, 11/5/15. 



HiGGiNS, E., b. Cardiff, 24654, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/11/15. 
HiGGiNS, G., b. Birmingham, 

8784, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/10/14. 
HiGGiNs, J., b. Glasgow, 36283, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 7/7/16. 
HiGHAM, J., e. Manchester, 

28949, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
HiGSON, H., b. Nelson, 201805, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Hill, F. J., b. Westbur>'-on-Tr\-n, 

8963, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/11/14. 
Hill, T., b. Birmingham, 8357, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/1/15. 
Hilton, C, b. Chequerbent, 

38761, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/8/16. 
Hilton, F., b. Leigh, 29243, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 25/4/18. 
Hinks, F., b. Birmingham, 11233, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Hobrin, J. F., b. London, 22947, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 8/10/17. 
Hodges, H., b. Ledbury, 47390, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/5/18. 
Hodges, H. G. W., b. Southam, 

36922, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
HoGBEN, W. W., b. Sandgate, 

11053, L/Sgt., d. of w., Home, 

15/10/17, D.C.M. 
Holden, a., b. Haslington, 66586, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
Holdsworth, J., b. Burnley, 

201986, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Hollingsworth, T. a., b. Lon- 
don, 27073, L/Cpl., k. in a., 

F., 23/4/17. 
Holt, H., b. Bolton, 201785, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 7/11/17. 
Holt, W., b. Manchester, 73390, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/8/18. 
HoxEYBOURXE, T., b. Birming- 
ham, 1 1076, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/6/15. 
Hooper, F. H., b. Penarth, 7^277, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/11/17. 
Hope, J., b. Cubbington, 7696, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hopkins, A. O., b. Pontypool, 

37570, Pte., d. of \v.. Home, 

16/4/17. 
Hopkins, W., b. Woollos, 6410. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
HoPLEY, J. T., b. Tilston, 1(^671, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Hoskins, a., b. Tunstall, 23941, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 23/4/17. 
Howe, A., b. St. Athan, 73742, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 16/7/18. 
HowELLs, W. J., b. Merthyr 

Tydfil, 54086, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Hughes, D., b. Llandecwyn, 

20297, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/11/18. 
Hughes, D., e. Wanstead, 55223, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/9/17. 
Hughes, E., b. Higher Tranmere, 



8398. Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Hughes, E. W., b. Cardiff, 

235371. Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Hughes, G. L., b. Corwen, 

68452, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Hughes, H., e. Wrexham, 54596, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Hughes, H., b. Birkenhead, 

16924, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

27/5/17- 
Hughes, J., b. Bodorgan, 55009, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/8/18. 
Hughes, J., e. Wrexham, 20091 1, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 27/5/17. 
Hughes, J. E., b. Newton Heath, 

36677, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/11/16. 
Hughes, P., b. Merthyr, 8669, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/4/15. 
Hughes, R., b. Maentwrog, 8849, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 22/8/16. 
Hughes, T., b. Wrexham. 9094. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/1/15. 
Hughes, T., b. Worthen, 9836, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 23/4/17, 

D.C.M. , M.M. 
Hughes, T., b. Bucklev, 40470, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 19/8/16. 
Hughes, W., b. Capel Curig, 

54616, Pte., d.. F., 22/4/17. 
Hughes, W. H., b. Llandrog, 

40629, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/16. 
Hughes, W. M., b. Llanddeinio- 

len, 44185, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Hughes, W. O.. b. Liverpool, 

73408, Pte., d. of w., F., 

27/8/18. 
Hughes, W. R., b. Llanglydwen, 

10117, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Hulbert, T., b. Bristol, 6773. 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 16/5/15. 
Humphrey, J. T., b. Llandwrog, 

54559, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/3/17- 
Humphreys, E. B., b. Machynl- 
leth, 73279, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

28/11/17- 
HuMPHREYS, W., b. Llanfihangel, 

61030, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

13/9/18. 
HuNSTONE, J., b. Hulme. 64007. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 1/9/18. 
Hunt, A., b. Warrington. 202547, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Hunt, A., b. Bristol, 9194, Pte., 

d.. Home. 26/5/15. 
Hurst, R. W., b. Salford, 73416. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/4/18. 
HuTCHiNS, A., b. Marlborough, 

551 1, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

22/6/16. 
Ibberson, a., b. Worsboro' Dale, 

56235, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
Ibbotson, C, b. Ashton-under- 

L>-ne, 8391. Sgt., k. in a., F.. 

28/1 1 /i 7. M-M. 
LsGHAM, G., b. Newcastle, Staffs. 



314 



APPENDIX VIII 



56551. Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17- 
Ingham, J., b. Stalybndge, 46367. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/7/18. 
IsoN, J., b. Walsall, 9732, Pte., 

d. of w., F.. 17/9/15- 
J.\cKSON, H., b. Baguley, 56247, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
James, B., b. Chepstow, 5 575, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/4/16. 
James, E. T., b. London, 17068, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 24/9/17- 
James, W., e. Ogmore Vale, 

89172, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/10/18. 
James, W. J., b. Tylorstown, 

Glam., 56730, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 1/12/17. 
Jankinson, J., b. Chester, 10703, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/5/15. 
Jarman, E. G., b. London, 22841, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/5/17. 
Jarvis, T., e. Welshpool, 55234, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 28/11/17- 
Jenkins, a. E., b. Cheltenham, 

8813, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. M.M. 
Jenkins, D. W., b. Aberystwyth, 

1 1289, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/7/16. 
Jenkins, G., b. Llantrisant, 7242, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/10/14. 
John, D., e. Swansea, 56732, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 17/3/18. 
Johnson, C. E., b. Overton, 

10500, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/14. 
Johnson, C, b. Crewe, 46465. 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 20/8/17- 
JoHNSTON, T., b. Liverpool, 8823, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/3/15. 
Johnston, W., b. Hyde, 24343, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 6/7/16. 
Jones, A., b. Bwlchgv.yn, 103 19, 

Pte., d., F., 11/7/15. 
Jones, A., b. Aldershot, 8390, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, A. L., b. Liverpool, 202851, 

L/Sgt. d. of w., F., 2/7/18. 
Jones, A. T., b. Llanasa, 55036, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/12/16. 
Jones, B. L., b. Colw^n Bay, 

6048, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Jones, D., e. Holywell, 55013. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17- 
Jones, D., e. Dolgelly, 25546, 

Pte., d., F., 7/2/17- 
JoNES, D., b. Llanddewiber, 

40302, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16. 
Jones, D. E., b. Llanemolen, 

40307. Pte., d., F., 22/9/16. 
Jones, D. G., b. Llanechel, 60946, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Jones, D. H., b. Margam, 235372, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/4/18. 
Jones, D. T., b. Llanuwchllyn, 

61078, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/1/18. 
Jones, E., b. Tregeiriog, 39148, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/11/16. 
Jones, E., b. Colwyn Bay, 6637, 

Pte., d., F. 21/4/18. 



Jones, E., b. Bangor, 204091, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Jones, E., e. Wrexham, 54056, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/16. 
Jones, E., b. Aberaman, 77354, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/8/18. 
Jones, E. G., b. Pwllheli, 11209, 

Sgt., d., F., 22/2/17, M.M. 
Jones, E. H., b. Eglwys, 37908, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/8/16. 
Jones, E. M., b. Llan-fair-Caerei- 

nion, 37105, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16. 
Jones, E. M., b. Bridgend, 8556, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Jones, E. O., e. Willesden Green, 

201385, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17. 
Jones, E. O., b. Waenfawr, 

68477, Pte., k. in a., F., 

9/1/18. 
Jones, E. T., e. London, 34785. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/9/18. 
Jones, E. W., b. Ellesmere, 

1 1333. Cpl., d., F., 6/7/16, 

M.M. 
Jones, E. W., b. Bala, 39192, 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 12/1/17. 
Jones, G. E., b. Waenfawr, 

40309, Pte., d. of w., F., 

28/10/16. 
Jones, G. J., b. Birkenhead, 

8945, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

6/11/14. 
Jones, H., b. Llanelian, 33101, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/7/16. 
Jones, H., b. Llanfwrog, 8481, 

Pte., d., F., 1/3/15. 
Jones, H., b. Llanfair, P.G., 

10168, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/9/iS. 
Jones, H., b. Barnsley, 19430, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Jones, H., b. Shotton, 54564. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Jones, H. J., b. Bristol, 70198. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Jones, L, b. Llanrwst, 9061, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, L J., b. Tirbach, 37532, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/18. 
Jones, J., b. Llanfihangel, 54128, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Jones, J., b. Llandulas, 31230, 

Pte., ic. in a., F., 30/10/16. 
Jones, J., b. Llanddoget, 89551, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 16/10/18. 
Jones, J., e. Llanelly, 235388, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Jones, J., b. Llanymynech, 17036, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F.. 20/7/16. 
Jones, J., b. Rhuddlan, 54599. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/5/17. 
Jones, J. E., b. Llandysilio, 

37826, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

5/11/16. 
Jones, J. H., b. London, 17145, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. F., 8/3/17- 
Jones, J. H., b. Liverpool, 684S7, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Jones, J. M., b. Llandegai, 

37814, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/8/16. 
Jones, J. P., b. Dolwydilclen, 



70083, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Jones, J. R., b. Tregaron, 27998, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Jones, J. T., b. Abergele, Den- 
bigh, 8252, Pte., d. of w., F., 

31/10/14. 
Jones, J. T., b. Llanfihangel, 

55230, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17. 
Jones, M. L., b. Tonypandy, 

18535, Pte., k. in a., F„ 

S/ii/16. 
Jones, O., b. Festiniog, 20224, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 8/8/16. 
Jones, R., b. Coedpoeth, 33094, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Jones, R., b. Llanllyfni, 89357, 

Pte., k. in a., F., x6/io/i8. 
Jones, R., b. Mostyn, 8443, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, R., b. Bodorgan, 266622, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Jones, R. C, b. Willesden, 34857, 

Cpl., d. of w., F.. 8/1 1 /16. 
Jones, R. E., e. Carnarvon, 55012, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/7/18. 
Jones, R. H., b. Waenfawr, 

40337, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
Jones, R. J., b. Gellifor, 29849, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/8/16. 
Jones, R. S., b. Llangar, 28269, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/9/18. 
Jones, R. T., b. Llansaintffraid, 

75923, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/10/18. 
Jones, T., b. Marchwell, 8159, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 12/11/14. 
Jones, T., b. Rhyl, 39844, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Jones, T., b. Llanbister, 55244, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 24/9/17. 
Jones, T., b. Penygroes, 56248, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Jones, T., b. Criccieth, 266595, 

Pte., d., F.. 1/10/17. 
Jones, T. D., b. Llandefalle, 

55251, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. 
Jones, T. G., b. Swansea, 235387, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
Jones, T. L, b. Swansea, 73286, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/9/18. 
Jones, T. J., b. Llangammarch, 

73285, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Jones, T. P., b. Llysfaen, 87014, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/9/18. 
Jones, W., b. Cwmavon, 5464, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Jones, W., b. Bodedern, 6487, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Jones, W., b. Mochdre, 43853. 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 27/5/18. 
Jones, W., e. Llanfyllin, 55239, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 19/10/17. 
Jones, W., e. Welshpool, 55256, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Jones, W., e. Barrow, 93756, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Jones, W. E., b. Liverpool, 11038, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1 2/3/1 5. 
Jones, W. G., b. Gwern-cae- 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



31S 



Athraw, 36666, Pte., k. in a., 

F.. 20/7/16. 
Jones, W. G., b. Pistill, 61097, 

Pte., d., Home, 3/3/18. 
Jones, W. H., b. Ladywood, 

1 1 179, Pte., d. of w., F., 

20/11/15. 
Jones, W. P., b. Denbigh, 29653, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/4/17. 
Keepax, W., b. Birmingham, 

10172, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/14. 
Kelly, J., b. Liverpool, 6846, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 4/2/15. 
Kelly, R., b. Blaengarw, 37550, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Keghan, W., b. Merthyr, 14853, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 13/3/18. 
Kershaw, F. V., b. Manchester, 

66302. Pte., d. of vv., F., 

25/11/17. 
Kesper, C., b. Wrexham, 8372, 

Cpl.. k. in a., F., 25/10/14. 
Kilvert, C, e. Llansantffraid, 

Mon., 201039, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 27/5/17. 
King, A. G., b. Steynton, 39646, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Kingston, H., b. Blaenganv, 

54095, Pte., k. in a., F., 

S/ii/16. 
Knight, S., b. Smethwick, 7759, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Kynaston, J., b. Dolgelley, 9114, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/10/14. 
Lacey, a., b. Bootle, 8303, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 20/5/16. 
Lafferty, H., b. Prestbury, 

10530, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/11/14- 
Lampitt, L., b. Birmingham, 

11191, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/4/16. 
Lane, J., b. Birmingham, 8817, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/14. 
Langford, S., b. Much Wenlock, 

8397. Sgt., d. of w., F., 

24/10/14. 
Langley, W., b. Mold, 240482, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 19/4/18. 
Langton, a. E., b. Daventry, 

9035, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Lanham, G., b. Felstead, 56013, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
Large, R. A., b. Southampton, 

75682, Pte., d. of w., F., 

21/10/18. 
Laurie, A., b. Birmingham, 8150, 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 23/9/15. 
Lawley, T., b. West Brom\vich, 

7741, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/10/14. 
Leach, G. G., b. Cardiff, 11306, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Leach, W., b. Nantwich, 19481, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Leaker, E. G., b. Bristol, 951 1, 

Pte.. d. of w.. Home. 20/1 1/14. 
Lee, F., b. London, 60244, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 22/6/17. 
Leech, J., b. Shifnal, 7862, Sgt., 

k. in a., F., 29/9/16. 
Leech, J. F., b. Timperley, 



201811, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/18. 
Lees, H. B., b. Worksop, 9291. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16, 

M.M. 
Lees, J. H., b. Macclesfield, 

66620, Pte., d. of w., F., 

24/8/18. 
Lees, J. W., b. St. George's, 

56221, Pte., d. of w., F., 

23/5/17- 
Lemare, W. H., b. Cardiff, 73760, 

Pte., d., F.. 5/8/18. 
Lenton, J., b. Balsall Heath, 

5051, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Lewis, D., b. Ynysybwl, 11280, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Lewis, E., b. Llanelly, 202542, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 18/5/18. 
Lewis, E., b. Gwersyllt, 78393. 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 24/9/18. 
Lewis, G., b. Llanwono, 147 12, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 7/3/17- 
Lewis, H., b. Pen-y-Sarn, 24646, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/4/18. 
Lewis, J., e. Pontypridd, 235389, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 22/4/18. 
Lewis, R. J., b. Llangwyllog, 

40066, Pte., d. of w., F., 

22/8/16. 
Lewis, W. H., b. Ystrad, 5586, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/7/16. 
Leyston, E. T., b. Pontypridd, 

56520, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Lindsay, E., b. Bermondsey, 

56693, Pte., d. of w., F., 

1/2/17. 
Llewelyn, J., b. CwTnavon, 

18611, Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/11/16. 
Lloyd, A., b. Clunbury, 31068, 

L/Cpl-, k. in a., F., 26/9/17- 
Lloyd, F. C, b. Bristol, 9842, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/11/14- 
Lloyd, J., b. Ystrad gynlais, 

38216, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16. 
Lloyd, R.. b. Llanrug, 87229, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/10/18. 
Lloyd, T., e. Wrexham. 200852, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/9/17- 
Lloyd, T. E., b. Guilsfield, 9950, 

Dmr., k. in a., F., 22/6/17. 
Lloyd, W., b. Newtown, 54568, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17- 
Lloyd, W. A., b. Stoke, 75424- 

Pte., d. of w., 9/5/18. 
Lloyd, W. H., b. Caerwys, 

89462, Pte., d. of w., F., 

14/10/18. 
Long, J., b. Merthyr, Glam., 

56695, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. 
Lovatt, J., b. Longton, 6429, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/7/16. 
Lovell, S., b. Bristol, 9415. 

Cpl., k. in a., F., i4/9/iS- 
Lowe, E., b. Treharris, 11088, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/10/14- 
LowE, H., b. Stafford. 73431. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/11/17- 



LowNDEs, W., b. Burton, 6332, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 2/1 /i 5. 
Lucas, J. B., b. Knighton, 38105, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Ludlow, E. T., b. Hampton 

Fields, 15698, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 4/11/18. 
MacKerness, C, b. Hailing, 

9391. L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

25/11/17. 
Maggs, H. J., b. Bedminster, 

9180, Pte., d. of w., F.. 

22/8/16. 
Mahoney, W., b. Bristol, 9510, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Mallory, E., b. Kennington, 

6648, Sgt., k. in a., F., 
, 15/3/1S. 
Malyon, a. H., b. London, 14153, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/7/16. 
Marchant, C., e. Edenbridge, 

56213, Pte., d. of w., F.. 

13/9/18. 
Marke, H., b. London, 8683, 

CSM., k. in a., F., 23/4/17, 

M.M. 
Marsh, F., b. Brookthorpe, 

54384. Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/9/18. 
Mason, C. H., b. Birmingham, 

7981, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Mason, J., b. Willesden, 60556, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Matthews, G. D., b. Hastings, 

9430, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/9/15- 
Matthews, H., b. West Cowes, 

1 1449, Pte., d. of w., F., 

12/7/15- 
Matthews, T. E., b. Holywell, 

6376, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/6/15. 
Maunton, E. T.. b. St. Mary's, 

2909, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

29/10/14. 
May, J. E., b. London, 10966, 

Dmr., k. in a.. F., 2/11/14. 
Maycock, H. G., b. London, 

235367. Sgt., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Maynard, H., b. Littleborough, 

77745. Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Maynai»3, R., e. Carmarthen, 

202630, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/8/18. 
McCrohon, J. v., b. Birmingham, 

9726, A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
McCuLLOCK, P., b. North Shields, 

3S273. Pte., d. of w., F., 

6/11/16. 
McCuTCHEON, G., b. Shank Hill, 

Co. .\ntrini, 60241, Pte., k. in 

a.. F., 22/6/17. 
McHuGH, H., b. Stockport, 

10556, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
McLouGHLiN, L. T., b. Birken- 
head. 12890, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
McNiLTY, P., b. Birkenhe.id, 



3i6 



APPENDIX VIII 



7602, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/11/14. 
Medland, W. G., b. Exbounie 

94461. Pte., d. of \v., F. 

7/11/18. 
Mehers, L., b. Wigan, 56255 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/5/17. 
Mellor, S., b. Llanynys, 24524 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/9/15. 
Metcalf, W., b. Stoneyholme 

7227, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/10/14. 
MiDDLETON, G., b. London, 10201 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/5/15- 
MiDDLETON, W., b. Tibberton 

201530, Pte., k. in a., F. 

13/10/17. 
Miles, G., b. Newbur>'. 104 12 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 23/4/17 
Miles, W. S., b. Ashton-under- 

Hill, 9596, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/11/14- 
Miller, W., b. Warrington 

56238, Pte., d. of w., F. 

1/6/17- 
Millingtox, C. b. Merthyr 

54455, Pte., k. in a., F. 

23/4/17- . , . 
Mills, W. J., b. Leicester, S3 3 7 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 2/7/18. 
Miners, A., b. Swansea, 5575 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 20/7/16 

M.M. 
Mitchell, P. G., b. Gt. Malvern 

9120, L/Cpl., k. in a., F. 

20/8/16. 
MoiR, M., b. Accrington, 20165s 

Pte., d., F., 5/10/17. 
Moody, A. J., b. Slaithwaite 

13070, Pte., d. of w., F. 

25/11/17. 
Moore, R., b. Goole, 202155 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Moore, W., b. Merthyr, 6004 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/5/15. 
Morgan, D., b. Dumbarton 

1 1 778, Pte., k. in a., F. 

6/7/16. 
Morgan, E. J., b. Aberdare 

31546, Pte., k. in a., F. 

19/7/16. 
Morgan, H., b. Ruyton-Eleven- 

Towns, 54603, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 27/5/17. 
Morgan, H., b. Workington 

39830, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

26/8/18. 
Morgan, M., b. Fishguard, 4SIS3 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/11/17. 
Morgan, S., b. Shrewsbury, 8325 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Morris, A. J., b. Cardiff, 9113 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Morris, E. L., b. Rhiwias, 6053 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Morris, G. W., b. Peterborough 

36732, L/Sgt., d. of w., F. 

28/5/17. 
Morris, J., b. Bullington, 8804 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/7/16. 
Morris, T., b. Liverpool, 24076 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Morris, W., b. Ebw Vale, 38787 

Pte., d. of w., F„ 20/8/16. 



Moss, H., b. Handbridge, 10227, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 28/7/16, 

D.C.M. 
Mossop, E., b. Mosser, 3691 1, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
MoTTERSHEAD, A., b. Hyde, 

10216, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/9/15- 
Mould, H., b. Cobridge, 24573, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
MouNTENEY, A., b. Stockport, 

8083, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. ^ , , . 
Mou.NTFORD, J., b. Leicester, 9041, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Mules, A. G., b. Penarth, 235382, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
MuLLEY, G., b. Middleton, 61216, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Murray, J., b. Glasgow, 2y2i'j, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 6/7/16. 
Murray, J., b. Wigan, 38825, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 5/11/16. 
Mylan, M., b. Swansea, 8553, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Napper, B., b. London, 56541. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Nash, C, b. Knowbury, 73445, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/8/18. 
Nash, E. H., b. Canterburj', 

4638, Pte., d. of w., F., 

29/7/16. 
Neal, J., b. Wolverhampton, 

9138, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. , ^ 
Nekrews, D., b. Swansea, 17367, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Nelmes, W. T., b. Aberaman, 

93767, Pte., d. of w., F., 

28/10/18. 
Nelson, C, b. Coventry, 8138, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/10/14. 
Nesmith, a., b. Birmingham, 

8682, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16, M.M. 
Nettleton, H., b. Stockport, 

46180, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Newbrook, S., b. Whitchurch, 

10275, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

25/4/16. 
Newell, D., b. Pwllheli, 265378, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Newman, E. -H., b. Birmingham, 

9160, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

2/6/16. 
NiCHOLLS, E., b. Cardiff, 8565, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/12/14. 
NicHOLLS, G., b. Barnes, 56205, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/11/17- 
Nicklin, a., b. Reans, 9604, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
NiF,LD, J. J. C, b. Barrow-in- 

Fumess, 24384, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 20/7/16. 
Nixon, P., b. Hanley, 24375, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/1/16. 
Nodes, J., b. Birkenhead, 24236, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/6/16. 
Nolan, T., b. Durham, 7144, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15- 
Norman, a. E., b. Shrewsbury, 

73446, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 



Norton, A., b. Birmingham, 

8215, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/10/14. 
Norton, W. H., e. Manchester, 

33381, Pte., d., F.. 22/2/17. 
Oakes, S., b. Widnes, 56244, 

Pte., d. of w., F., g/6/17. 
O'Brien, P., b. Ballygviiry, Co. 

Waterford, 24636, Pte., k. in 

a., F., 13/8/16. 
OBrien, W. T.. b. Rhondda, 

56701, Pte., d. of w., F., 

10/11/18. 
O'Neill, J., b. Newport, 73784, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/9/18. 
Osborne, G. W. J., b. London, 

9632, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/14. 
Osmond, F., b. London, 9586, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Owen, D., b. Abererch, 36267, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Owen, D. R., b. Conway, 55016, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Owen, E. R., b. Llanberis, 8S44. 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 8/7/16. 
Owen, F. R., b. Maenan, 29610, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Owen, G., b. Llanddaniel, 267298, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 20/5/18. 
Owen, H., b. Carnarvon, 20109, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 15/11/16. 
Owen, H., b. Brj-ngwran, 7701, 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Owens, A., b. Wre.xham, 19791^ 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/11/16. 
Owens, F., b. Liverpool, 31251, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Owens, J., b. Carmarthen, 45184. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Owens, T., b. Widnes, 63988, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 3/9/18. 
Owens, W., b. Chester, 7615, 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 10/12/17. 
Owens, W. H., b. Windsor, 

1 05 1 4, Pte., d. of w., F., 

20/6/15. 
Paddock, C, b. Ellesmere, 

200084, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/17. 
Page, N., b. Darlaston, 12945, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/11/18. 
Palmer, W., b. London, 6166, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Pane, E., b. London, 24158, Pte., 

k. in a., F.. 22/6/16. 
Pardoe, E. J., b. Birmingham, 

9773. Cpl., k. in a., F., 

10/11/14- 
Pardoe, W., b. Birmingham, 9417. 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15- 
Parker, A., b. Birmingham, 

36450, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. „ ,, , 

Parker, T., b. Bradford, 52656, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17- 
Parker, T. H., b. Rugeley, 36892, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 6/11/16. 
Parkinson, G., b. Moreton, 

39802, Pte., d., F., 12/11/16. 
Parman, W., b. Birmingham, 

8665. A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Parnell, R. B., e. Merthyr, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



317 



54101, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17. 
Parry, A., b. Llanrwst, 203173 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/3/18. 
Parry, E.. b. Holyhead, 49874 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 26/9/17. 
Parry, I. J., b. Llanwouno, 10767 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/14. 
Parry, J., b. Rhyl, 16262, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Parry, J. H., b. Toxteth, 78340 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/10/18. 
Parry, J. S., b. Pendleton, 78266 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/10/18. 
Parry, J. W., b. Rhuddlan, 5287 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16. 
Parry, N. J., b. Chester, 10567 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Parry, R.. b. Penmaenmawr 

55017, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17. 
Parry, W., b. Ewlon, 5711, Pte. 

k. in a.. F., 20/7/16. 
Parry, W.. b. Hanley, 9631, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Parsons, O., b. Highbridge, 5632 

C.Q.M.S.. k. in a., F., 26/10/14 
Patterson, D., b. Inverness 

204222, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/6/18. 
Pattison, p., b. Llynelly, 8731 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 22/6/16 

D.C.M. 
Payne, G.. b. Birmingham, 9594 

Pte., d.. Home, 10/2/17. 
Payne, J. R., b. Brierfield 

201839, Pte., d. of w., F. 

2/7/18. 
Pearso.v, F., e. London, 45798 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 6/5/18. 
Pearson, H., b. West Bromwich 

5710, Pte., d., Home, 5/3/18 
Pemberton, W., b. Leigh, 24128 

Pte., d. of w.r F., 24/4/17. 
Pendleton, G., b. Treharris 

1 1 102, Pte., k. in a., F. 

S/2/15. 
Pennington, F., b. Sheffield 

7279, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/10/14. 
Penny, D. E., b. Cardiff, 36875 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Percival, S. J., b. Handsworth 

9814, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Perks, A. G., b. Birmingham 

36505, Cpl., d. of \\., F. 

31/8/18, M.M. 
Perks, W., b. Birmingham, 9088 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/14. 
Perry, G., b. Worcester, 36475 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Peters, B., b. Llandegla, 201066 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/10/18. 
Phillips, F., b. Chester, 201408 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/1/18. 
Phillips, W., b. Waenllyd 

93735. Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/10/18. 
Pickup, A., b. Burnley, 7931 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 11/9/ 16 
Pike, S. E., b. Berkhamsted 

36589, Pte., d. of w.. Home 

5/9/16. 



Pitkeathly, F. J., b. Rother- 

hithe, 60255, Pte., k. in a., F. 

21/10/17. 
Plant, A., b. Dawley, 56191 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
Plumbley, H., b. Liverpool 

17926, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Poole, H. V., b. London, 45767 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/6/18. 
Potter, W. J., b. London, 22657 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 22/9/18. 
Potts, D., b. Warrington, 31243 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/4/16. 
Potts, W., b. Tunstall, 23960 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Powell, G., b. Cardiff, 38640 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
Powell, W. H., b. Mountain 

Ash, 93,732, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/10/18. 
Pretty, D., b. Bradley Green 

36660, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/7/16. 
Price, A. E., b. Hallow, 88620 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/10/18. 
Price, B., b. Newbridge-on-Wye 

9204, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Price, C, b. Felinfoel, 31167 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Price, C. H., b. Gloucester, 9512 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/10/14. 
Price, E., b. Cardiff, 9263 

L/Cpl.. d. of w., F., 24/1/15. 
Price, E. S-, b. Shrewsbury 

10286, Dmr., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Price, H., b. Brymbo, 8495, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 20/7/16, M.M. 
Price, J., b. Ruthin, 37678, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 30/5/17. 
Price, J., b. Mainstone. 61376 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Price, T., b. Birmingham, 8297 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/14. 
Price, W., b. Ynishir, 56846 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/1/18. 
Pritchard, J., b. Llanbeblig 

9681, Pte., d. of w., F. 

23/7/16. 
Probert, W. H., b. Birmingham 

9560, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/10/14. 
Propert, F., b. Wingfield, 31 198 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 24/7/16, 
PuFFETT, R., b. Banbury, 9084 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/7/15. 
PuGH, J., b. Wre.x'ham, 5367 

Pte., d. of w., F., 12/11/16. 
PuGH, L., b. Wrexham, 56222 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
PuGH, R., b. Nelson, 61330, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Purcell, T. H., b. Pontypool 

56190, Pte., d. of w., F. 

12/6/17. 
Purcell, W., b. Welshpool, 7187 

d. of w., F., 9/4/15. 
Pyatt, J. W., b. Tamworth, 9536 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F.. 22/6/16. 
QuiNEY, H., b. Stratford-on 

Avon, 10756, Pte., d. of w. 

F., 21/7/16. 



QuiNN, A., b. Bristol, 12395, 
Pte., k. in a., F., 27/1/16. 

Ratcliffe, W., b. Northwood, 
17830, Cpl., k. in a.. P., 
24/10/16. 

Ray, T. J., b. Llanelly, 77S77. 
Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 

Reaney, G. E., b. Wolverhamp- 
ton. 8423, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Rees, D. J., b. Merthyr, 17827, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Rees, R., b. Cardiff, 17713, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 3/8/16. 
Reid, F. W., b. Birmingham, 

6326, Pte., k. in a., P., 

16/5/15- 
Rhoden, J. C, b. Wolverhampton, 

6299, Sgt., k. in a., P., 

28/11/17. 
Rice, G., b. Coventry, 7944, Pte., 

k. in a., P., 23/2/15. 
Richards, B. T., b. Pemdale, 

88600, Pte., k. in a., P., 

16/10/18. 
Richards, R. J., b. Bala, 89572, 

Pte., k. in a., P., 18/10/18. 
Richards, T. E., b. Llanllw- 

chaem, 73800, Pte., d. of w., 

P.. 4/9/18. 
Richards, W. O., b. St. David's, 

11444, Pte., k. in a., P., 

18/7/16. 
Ricketts, E. W., b. Worcester, 

9349, Pte., k. in a., P., 

26/4/15. _ , , 

Riding, T., b. Liverpool, 9652, 

Pte., d. of w., P., 24/6/16. 
Rigby, W., b. Wilmslow, 31313. 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. P., 8/11/16. 
Riley, J. W., b. Heaviley, 4664. 

Pte., d. of w., P., 9/1 1/16. 
Ringer, H. T. F., b. London, 

28073, Pte., d. of w.. P., 

9/10/18. 
Rivington, T., b. Birkenhead, 

7197, Pte., d. of w.. P., 

17/5/15. ^ L r,. . U 

Roberts. C, b. Birmingham, 

60242, Pte., d. of w., P., 

1/12/17. 
Roberts, C, b. Ruthin, 4218, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Roberts, D., b. Corwen, 37093. 

Pte., k. in a.. P., 22/6/16. 
Roberts, D., b. Corvven, 39741. 

Pte., k. in a.. P., 30/10/17- 
Roberts, D. D., b. Pontyberem, 

13420, Pte., k. in a., P.. 

Ro'berts, E., b. LlanenddNvyn, 
17503, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

23/4/17. „ 

Roberts, E., b. Flint, 12821, Pte.. 

k. in a.. P., 22/6/16. 
Roberts, E., b. Corwen, 37092, 

Pte.. k. in a., P., 20/7/16. 
Roberts, E., b. Dolgelly, 15100, 

Cpl., k. in a., P., 6/7/16. 
Roberts, E. T., b. Hope. 37618, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a.. P.. 3/ii/'6. 
Roberts, G. R., b. Bcthesda, 

56706, Pte., d. of w., P., 

31/10/16. 



318 



APPENDIX VIII 



Roberts, H., b. Dolbenmaen 

40065, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/8/16. 
Roberts, J., b. Denbigh, 55004 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 27/5/17. 
Roberts, J., b. Ruthin, 4149 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/7/16. 
Roberts, J., b. Mold, 12298 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Roberts, J. L., b. Blaenau Fes- 

tiniog, 39702, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 5/11/16. 
Roberts, J. S., b. Bangor, 37761 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1 7/8/1 7. 
Roberts, L., b. Llandudno, 6679 

Pte., k. in a., F., F., 9/9/14. 
Roberts, R. E., b. Groeslon 

40238, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/10/16. 
Roberts, R. H., b. Llanrwst 

1 1 198, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/6/15. 
Roberts, T. C, b. Flint, 5926 

Pte., d. of w., F., 10/6/18. 
Roberts, W., e. Llanberis, 54108 

Cpl., d. of w., F., 27/4/18. 
Roberts, W. H., b. Cardiff 

94469, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/11/18. 
RoBi.NSON, W., b. Newton Heath 

8764, Cpl., k. in a., F. 

20/7/16. 
Rogers, G. T., b. Bristol, 8490 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Rogers, P., e. Wrexham, 54109 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 5/11/16. 
Rogers, W., b. Ti.xall, 9319, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 7/11/14. 
Rogers, W., b. Manchester. 

71S92, Pte., d. of w., F. 

2/9/18. 
Room, W., b. Birmingham, 60245 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/17. 
Rose, A. H., b. Handsworth 

36502, Pte., d. of w., F. 

18/7/16. 
Rose, F. H. W., b. Birmingham 

8174. Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/10/14. 
Rose, S., b. Runcorn, 8229, Pte. 

d. of w., F., 8/6/15. 
Rossi, J., e. Manchester, 93773 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 20/10/18. 
Round, J., b. Birmingham, 9686 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 
Rowe, F. S., e. Birmingham 

36792, Pte., k. in a., F. 

6/7/16. 
Rowland, O., b. Hammersmith 

30121, Pte., k. in a., F. 

5/11/16. 
Rowlands, H., b. Llanrug, 40186 

Pte., d.. Home, 3/3/17. 
Rowlands, J., b. Sandbach, 9083 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/10/14. 
Salisbury, E., b. Chester, 7967 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/8/16 

D.C.M. 
Salt, B. T., b. Oakamoor, 23888 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Sampson, H., b. Mile End, 24462 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. F., 6/2/16 
Samuel, A., e. Llanelly, 75208 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 



Samuel, C. H., b. Morriston 

36721, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Sargant, W., b. Birmingham 

9882, Pte., k. in a., F., 5/2/16 
Sefton, B. B., b. Oldham, 73479 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11/17. 
Selby, a. J. F., e. Portsmouth 

235818, Pte., k. in a., F. 

30/6/18. 
Sephton, J., b. St. Helens 

36294, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/6/16. 
Sewell, E. W., b. Liverpool 

31425, L/Sgt., k. in a., F. 

21/8/16. 
Sexton, G., b. Aberdare, 38662 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/3/17- 
Shackleto.n', E., b. Burnley 

201797, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17. 
Shaw, T., b. Stafford, 5348 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Shaw, U., b. Stalybridge, 39330 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/10/16 
Shearer, W., b. Wrexham 

24395, Pte., k. in a., F. 

27/5/17. 
Sheppard, H., b. Swansea, 11 307 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 24/4/16. 
Sheppard, S. E., b. Bath, 8543 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/11/16. 
Shute, J. R., b. Portishead 

886-9. Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/11/18. 
Simmons, W. H., b. London 

8843, L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

29/10/14. 
Simpson, H., b. Clitheroe, 73468 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 8/10/18. 
Simpson, W., b. Colne, 201770 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 1/12/17. 
Simpson, W. T., b. Birmingham 

5264, Pte., k. in a., F., 2/6/16 
Sinclair, A. E., b. London 

24229, Pte., d. of w., F. 

19/2/17. 
Singleton, C. J., b. Bamber- 

bridge, 201853, Pte., k. in a. 

F., 26/9/17. 
Slater, E., b. Kidsgrove, 6657 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/4/16. 
Smart, S., b. Fenton, 13645 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 5/11/16 
Smith, A. E., b. Atherstone 

12429, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/9/15. 
Smith, C. H., b. Pelton, 11 305 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Smith, D., b. Bentley, 23207 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Smith, H., b. Elms Stirchley 

54880, Pte.. d.. F., 28/6/18. 
Smith, J., b. Newbridge, 38246 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/11/16. 
Smith, S., b. Abertillery, 93738 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/10/18. 
Smith, S., b. Sheffield, 60259 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Smith, W. H., b. Box, 5514 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 21/8/16. 
Smith, W. T., b. Merthyr, 8517 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 16/3/15 
Spackman, F. H., b. Mile End 



24432, Pte., d. of w., F., 

30/4/16. 
Speed, R., b. Hawarden, 8389, 

A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 30/10/14. 
Spencer, A., b. Cardiff, 38261, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 23/12/16. 
Spencer, C. H., b, Birmingham, 

1 1960, Cpl., d. of w., F., 

30/10/16. 
Spencer, H., b. Highgate, 

London, 26642, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 27/5/17. 
Spencer, J. A., b. Dowlais, 

56707, Pte., d. of w.. P., 

11/11/16. 
Spiers, B., b. Oswestry-, 10474, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Sproston, G., b. Christchurch, 

37062, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
Stait, a., b. Birmingham, 891 1, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
Stait, F., b. Birmingham, 9108, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/7/15. 
Stansfield, H., b. Accrington, 

201660, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/17. 
Starkey, J. H., b. Buglawton, 

392298, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/3/18. 
Stead, R., b. Wyre. Tenbury, 

9529, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

26/10/14. 
Stenson, a., b. Birmingham, 

8328, Pte., d. of w., F., 

7/12/14. 
Stephens, B., b. Birmingham, 

36507, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16, 
Stephens, D. E., b. Whitchurch, 

56744, Pte., d., F., 2o/ii/i6. 
Stephens, J. A., b. Cardiff, 6455, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/ 15. 
Stephens, P. J., b. Chepstow, 

56225, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

28/5/17. 
Stevens, J., b. Cardiff, 56713, 

Cpl., d. of w., F., 4/1 1 /18. 
Stevens, P. J., b. Stroud, 6860, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/1/15. 
Stevens, W., b. Lizard, 31218, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Stillwell, a. E., b. London, 

73472, Pte., k. in a., F., 

10/3/18. 
Stock, B., b. Cardiff, 2427-, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Stockwell, W. H., b. Birming- 
ham, 10945, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16, M.M. 
Stokes, J., b. Aberdare, 5980, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 29/4/16. 
Stone, W. H., b. Birmingham, 

8293, Pte., d. of w., F., 

20/7/15. 
Stonehouse, T., b. Prescott, 

4715, L/Cpl., k. in a., P., 

6/7/16. 
Stott, E., b. High Crompton, 

73469, Pte., d.. P., 21/6/18. 
Stott, W. M., b. Bumlev, 73817, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/9/18. 
Strefford, T., b. Motherwell, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



319 



89365, Pte., d. of w., F., 
15/11/18. 
Stretch, J., b. Newton, 63687, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/5/18. 
Stroud, C, e. Monmouth, 6238, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Sturk, W. D., b. London, 22150, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
Swift, J., b. Liverpool. 7223, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Swift, T, b. London, 27491, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 3/11/16. 
Tattox, a., b. Leek, 11120, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Taylor, A., b. Evesham, 8381, 

Sgt., d. of w., F.. 28/9/17. 
Taylor, D. L., b. Aberdare, 
56748. Pte., d. of w., F., 
8/11/16. 
Taylor, E., b. Birchley Heath, 
9676, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 
24/8/16. 
Taylor, J., b. Birmingham, 6816, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Taylor, P. E., b. Peering, 55883, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/11 /i 7. 
Taylor, R. T., b. Liverpool, 
37834, Pte., d. of w., F., 
8/11/16. 
Taylor, T. J., b. Penrhiwceiber, 
53835, Pte., d. of w.. Home, 
24/2/19. 
Taylor, W. J., b. Bristol, 9186, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Thomas, A., b. Newport, 4586, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/7/15. 
Thomas, C. P., b. Bagillt, 16004, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 12/7/18. 
Thomas, D., b. Llanfestiniog, 
26395, Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/11/18. 
Thomas, F., b. London, 6385, 
C.S.M., k. in a., F., 19/8/16, 
M.M. 
Thomas, G., b. Hanley, 9628, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F.. 7/11/16. 
Thomas, H., b. Aberffraw, 21270, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 9/1 /18. 
Thomas, H., e. Bangor, 55022, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Thomas, H., b. Carnarvon, 
89331. Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/11/18. 
Thomas, J., b. Pantlossie, 16328, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Thomas, J. R., b. Talycafn, 
40262, Pte., k. in a., F., 
26/9/17. 
Thomas, L. J., b. Llansamlet, 
75162, Pte., k. in a., F., 
12/9/18. 
Thomas, R., b. Llanbedr. 61005, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17, 
Thomas, S., b. Stoke-on-Trent, 
24665, Pte., d. of w., F., 
20/8/16. 
Thomas, S.. b. Holyhead, 5867, 

Pte., 'd. of w., F.. 10/8/15. 
Thomas, T., b. Bangor, 63595, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/11/17. 
Thomas, W., b. Newport, 6893, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 22/5/15. 
Thompson, A., b. Kilnhurst, 



30260, Sgt., k. in a., F., 
2/7/18. 
Thompson, J., b. Leeds, 37058, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 25/4/17. 
Thompson, P. W. G., b. Bir- 
mingham, 9091, Pte., d., F., 
16/2/15. 
Thompson, R., b. Stockport, 
39173. Pte., k. in a., F., 
21/8/16. 
Thorburn, W. B., b. Manchester, 
62688, Pte., k. in a., F., 
26/9/17. 
Thorman, a. H., b. Chester, 
10496, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
26/10/14. 
Thorniley, J., b. Steeton Moor, 
41565, Pte., k. in a., F., 
1/9/18. 
Threlfall, W. H., e. Burnley, 
201800, Pte., k. in a., F., 
24/8/18. 
TiNLEY, F., b. Liverpool, 6020, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
TiNTON, A., b. Barry, 4622, Sgt., 

k. in a., F., 23/4/17. 
Tomkins, F., b. Pontypool, 44098, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 8/10/18. 
ToMLiN, H., b. Bristol, 10922, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
ToMLiNSON, A., b. Handsworth, 
37052, Pte., k. in a., F., 
6/7/16. 
ToMLiNSON, J., b. Buckley, 
36966, Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/8/16. 
ToNGE, E. J., b. Llanfihangel, 
77457. Pte., k. in a., F., 
1/9/18. 
Tongue, P., b. Bolton, 63573, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
TooTHiLL, W., b. Bury, 18863, 

Sgt., d. of w., F., 18/10/18. 
TozER, R. C, b. Torquay, 11410, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/11/14. 
Tr.\cey, B., b. Birmingham, 
10154, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
29/12/15. 
Trenholm, a. E., b. Stockton, 
31534, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 
2/7/18, M.M. 
Trippier, J., b. Booth, 63048, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 

TuRRALL, W. F., b. Birmingham, 

11424, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

3/5/18, M.M. 

TwiGG, G., b. Birmingham, 6886, 

A/C.S.M., k. in a., F.. 20/8/16. 

Tydd, J. T., b. Tattenhall, 8629, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/11/14. 
Vale, F., b. Birmingham, 9690, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
ViCKERS, P., b. Holywell, 61192, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/4/18. 
Vyse, M., b. Luton, 10344, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 20/7/16, M.M. 
Walker, C. A., b. Newton-le- 
Willows, 6623, A/Sgt., k. in 
a., F., 26/9/17. 
Walker, S., b. Hoole Chester, 
8457, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/6/16. 
Walker, W., b. Liverpool, 



36960, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Walton, J., b. Bilston, 8427, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., :jo/4/i8. 
Walton, J. H., b. Liverpool, 

36908, Pte., k, in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Walton, S., b. Llanbradach, 

5556, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/7/16. 
Warburton, R., b. Warrington, 

24077, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/3/16. 
Ward, B., b. Crossmaglen, 39846, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/4/17. 
Ward, J. W., b. Chester, 9280, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Ward, R., b. Jarrow, 56556, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 30/1 1/17. 
Wardell, W. a., b. Birmingham, 

8312, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Warden, J., b. Preston, 5985, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 22/8/16. 
Wardle, J., b. Broadbottom, 

24344, Pte., d. of w., F., 

7/7/16. 
Warhurst, a. L., b. Manches- 
ter, 62771, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/9/18. 
Warry, W.. b. Ilminster, 5580, 

k. in a., F., 19/2/16. 
Waterhouse, J., e. Manchester, 

266827, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/6/18. 
Waterworth, D., b. Baxenden, 

93348, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Wathen, J., b. Bedwellty, 8521, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 10/11/14. 
Watkixs, S. C, b. Treforest, 

5225, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Watson, W. B., b. Carlisle, 

70202, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
Weaver, W., b. Birmingham, 

8318, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/7/15- 
Webb, J. J., b. Barrj', 36715, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/6/16, 
Webster, G., b. Hanley, 6214, 

Sgt.. k. in a., F.. 23/8/17. 
Weedon, G., b. Davenham, 8165, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/5/15. 
Weir, T., b. Liverpool, 8805, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 24/10/16. 
Westacott, a., b. Bristol, 9361, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 1/9/1S. 

D.C.M. 
Westmore, a. T., b. London, 

56228, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- „ . , 

Wetton, E., b. Bimimgham, 

9670, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/14. 
Wherley, G. F., b. Penarth, 

31174, A/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

22/12/16. 
White, J., b. London, 8514, Pte, 

k. in a., F., 22/6/16. 
White, T.. b. Holt, 76106, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Whitehead, J. E., b. Preston, 



320 



APPENDIX VIII 



73490, Pte., d. of %v., F., 

8/9/18. 
Whittaker, J., b. Burnley, 

201877, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Wilkinson, T. H., b. Christ- 
church, 8222, L/Sgt., k. in a., 

F., 26/9/17. 
Williams, A., b. Treorchy, 

56750, Pte., d. of w., F., 

3/5/17. 
Williams, A., b. Oswestrv, 4143, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/9/18. 
Williams, A., b. Birmingham, 

7663, Pte., k. fn a., F., 

29/4/is. 
Williams, A., b. Birmingham, 

7948, Pte., k. in a., F., 2/1/16. 
Williams, D., b. Swansea, 66969, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/7/18. 
Williams, D., b. Towyn, 6381, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Williams, D. O., b. Gwalchmai, 

5358, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

6/11/16. 
Williams, E., b. Llanidloes, 

15884, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

26/11/17. 
Williams, G., e. Wrexham, 

54060, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/11/17. 
Williams, G., b. Abererch, 

40630, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/10/16. 
Williams, H., b. Beaumaris, 

7719, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/4/15. 
Williams, H. L., e. Blaenanerch, 

1187s, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/4/18. 
Williams, H. R., b. Llandudno, 

16429, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/11/17. 
Williams, L, b. Bettws-in-Rhos, 

40266, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/8/16. 
Williams, J., b. Cohv-yn Bay, 

54585, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/2/17. 
Williams, J., b. Cemaes Bay, 

203522, Pte., d. of w., F., 

13/10/18. 
Williams, J., b. Ruabon, 54368, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/18. 
Williams, J., b. Conway, 8242, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/4/16. 
Williams, J. H., b. Kerry. 37086, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 19/10/17. 
Williams, J. R., b. Llandegai, 

12592, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/4/17. 
Williams, M. J„ b. Madley, 

73494. Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/11/17. 
Williams, R., b. Llandwrog, 

14462, Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/18. 
Williams, R., b. Aberystwyth. 

35499. Pte., k. in a., F., 

5/11/16. 
Williams, R., b. Wre.xham, 

40246, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/10/16. 
Williams, R., e. Llanrug, Cam., 



54147, Pte., d. of w., F., 

7/11/16. 
Williams, R., b. Criccieth, 

37104, Pte., k. in a., F., 

6/11/16. 
Williams, R., b. Darwen, 60820, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/10/17. 
Williams, R. D., b. Carnarvon, 

69252, Pte., d. of w., F., 

5/1/18. 
Williams, T., b. Beaumaris, 

II 146. L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16, M.M. 
Williams, T., b. Wrexham, 

200343, Pte., d. of w., F., 

9/10/18. 
Williams, T. G. G., b. Liverpool, 

40044, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16. 
Williams, T. J., b. Aberdare, 

73224, Pte., d. of w., F., 

17/9/18. 
Williams, W., b. Bodfari, 14925, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 29/1/17. 
Williams, W., b. Waenfawr, 

54583. Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/10/17. 
Williams, W., b. Llanymynech, 

54672, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/10/18. 
Williams, W., b. Llanuwchllyn, 

60926, Pte., d. of w., F., 

21/9/18. 
Williams, W. D., b. Treherbert, 

11091, Pte., k. in a., F., 

24/6/15. 
Williams, W. J., b. Pontypridd, 

5731, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/3/15. 
Williamson, R., b. Boston, 

56563, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

27/10/18. 
WiLLOCK, A., b. SherifFhales, 

8053, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Wills, W. C, b. Cardiff, 10996, 

Pte., d.. F., 1/11/14. 
Wilson, C, b. Liverpool, 73492, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 22/4/18. 
Wilton, W. F., b. Adderbury, 

4602, Sgt., d., F., 26/12/15. 
WiNSLADE, W., b. Kirkdale, 

45107, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/9/18. 
WiTHiNGTON, W. H.. b. Birming- 
ham, 7816, Pte., d. of w., F., 

4/1/16. 
Wood, J., b. Blackburn, 73499, 

Pte., ic. in a., F., 27/10/18. 
WooDFiNE, G. H., b. Wre.xham, 

55024, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17- 
Woodier, W., b. Northwich, 

8092, Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/11/14. 
Woodman, W., b. St. Giles, 

35248. Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/5/17. 
Woods, E. W., b. London, 28057, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 27/5/17. 
WooLLEY, J. L., b. Newtown, 

290088, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/5/17. 



Wrench, J., b. Cheadle, 56246, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 11/6/17. 
Wyllie, J., b. Bangor, 5317, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/6/16, M.M. 
Young, E., b. Ushaw Moor, 

55772, Pte.. d., F., 3/11/18. 
Young, G. E., ' b. Bedminster, 

9514, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/6/16. 
Young, G. H., b. Langton, 56233, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/1 1/17, 
ZoRiAN, J., b. Salford, 60589, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 13/10/17. 



3rd BATT.'\LION 

Bannister, P., b. St. Helens, 

24548, Pte., d.. Home, 8/3/17. 
Barnes, W. H., b. Walsall, 

13947, Pte., d., Home, 13/7/18. 
BowEN, S. R., b. Llandilo, 14168, 

Pte., d., Home, 14/2/17. 
BuTSON, G. G., b. Bristol, 9489, 

Pte., d.. Home, 3/5/16. 
Cook, G., b. London, 21672, 

L/Sgt.. d.. Home, 4/11/18. 
Croft, G. E. J., b. Woodford, 

22058, Sgt., d.. Home, 2/11/18. 
Crompton, E., b. Garstang, 

48963, Pte., d.. Home, 30/7/16. 
Davies, E., b. Bwlch, 11 745, 

A/Sgt., d.. At Sea, 15/4/17. 
Davies, R., b. Llansilin, 61101, 

Pte., d.. Home, 18/2/17. 
Davies, W., b. Denbigh, 36032, 

Pte., d.. Home, 23/9/16. 
Davies, W. O., b. Llandysilio, 

37^27, Pte., d.. Home, 6/6/18. 
Edwards, J. M., e. Bootle, 49108, 

Pte., d.. Home, 12/12/16. 
Eede, B. a., b. London, 44813, 

Pte., d.. Home, 17/12/16. 
Evans, J., b. Birmingham, 5968, 

Pte., d.. Home, 24/2/17. 
Fell, N., b. Langwith, 19867, 

Sgt., d., M., 10/8/18. 
FisHwicK, W. H., b. Ruyton- 

Eleven-Towns, 49068, Sgt., d., 

At Sea, 10/10/18. 
Flatman, W., b. Doniplace, 

55 1 61, Cpl., k. in a.. West 

Africa, 10/4/18. 
FouLKES, D. R., b. Llanbrynmair, 

90278, d.. Home, 12/7/18. 
Francis, E., b. Llangadfan, 

61081, Pte., d., Home, 8/3/17. 
Gerrard, W., b. Leigh, 14002, 

Sgt., d.. Home, 5/4/17. 
Gill, R., b. Dunster, 6087, Pte., 

d.. Home, 6/9/15. 
GiTTiNS, J., b. Llangyniew, 91703, 

Pte., d., Home, 1/7/18. 
Green, J., b. Holt, 61 100, Pte., 

d.. Home, 15/2/ 17. 
Hall, R. H., b. Manchester, 6326, 

Pte., d., At Sea, 10/10/18. 
Hilliard, S., e. Wrexham, 19420, 

Pte., d., Home, 4/11/18. 
Hooper, J., b. Whittlewoods, 

24446, Pte., d., Home, 

16/10/15. 
Hughes, J., e. Llandudno, 3316, 

Pte., d.. Home, 6/5/16. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



321 



Jar WOOD, F. R. F., b. Dartmouth, 

440^, Pte., d., Home, 12/2/17. 
Jones, C b. Corwen, 191 18, 

Pte.. d., Home, 24/2/15. 
Jones, E., b. Blaenau Festiniog 

2678S6. Pte., d., Home 

S/ii/18. 
Jones, H.. b. Llanrhaiadr 

201 115, Pte., d.. Home 

S/11/18. 
Jones, H. E., b. Cohwn Bav 

92328, Pte., d., Home.' 2/8/18 
Jones, H. P., b. Denbigh, 92268 

Pte.. d., Home, 6/7/18. 
Jones, J., b. Mostj-n, 4718, Pte. 

d., Home, 4/9/14. 
Jones. J. F.. b. Ffrith, 5637 

Pte., d.. Home, 14/1/15. 
Jones, R., e. Bangor, 74314, Pte. 

d.. At Sea, 10/10/18. 
King, C. W., b. Penarth, 15307 

Pte., d., Home, 9/4/16. 
Leese, J., b. Fenton, 17762, Pte. 

d.. Home, 2/1/15. 
Mandry, T., b. Treharris, 88599 

Pte.. d.. Home, 4/8/18. 
Marsh, J. R., e. Pont\'pridd 

8S-83. Pte., d.. Home 

4/11/18. 
McFadden, J., b. Dromore, 13248 

Sgt.. d., Home, 27/9/16. 
MoRGA.v, A., b. Risca, 31 166 

L/Cpl.. d.. Home, 1/1/16. 
Owen, J. E.. b. Ellesmere, 61033 

Pte.. d.. Home. 10/7/17. 
Palmer, ^^^ G., b. Rossett, 5358 

Pte.. d., Home, 9/3/16. 
Potts, E., b. Crewe, 17210, Pte. 

d.. Home, 5/3/15- 
Price, A., b. Llanblodwel, 203104 

Pte., d.. Home. 10/11/18. 
Price, W., b. Llanrug, 61x55 

Pte.. d.. Home, 18/6/17. 
Riley, T., b. Pontypridd, 19709 

Pte., d.. Home. 6/11/18. 
Roden, F., b. Market Drayton 

23519, Pte., d.. Home, 25/5/15, 
Ro%\'lands, D., b. Llanfihangel 

61 1 16, Pte., d.. At Sea 

10/10/18. 
Rowlands, O., e. Wrexham 

92069, Pte.. d., Home, 17/7/18 
Smith, C, b. Birkenhead, 73031 

Pte., d.. Home. 6/11/18. 
Smith, J., b. Preston, 52457 

Pte., d.. Home, 10/3/17. 
Snelson, T.. b. Lostock, 70644 

Pte., d., Home, 2/11/18. 
Thomas, D. J., b. Bala, 61022 

Pte., d.. Home, 20/2/17. 
Thomas, E., b. Llanrwst, 92077 

Pte., d.. At Sea, 10/10/18. 
Thomas, E., b. Pontddu, 61036 

Pte., d.. Home. 18/1/18. 
Walker, C, b. Worcester, 88703 

Pte.. d.. Home, 3/6/18. 
Watts, H. W., b. London, 60005 

Sgt., -d.. Home, 21/10/18. 
WiLCOCK, J., b. Liverpool, 19305 

Pte., d., Home, 2/9/18. 
Williams, E., b. Aberdare 

1 1842, Pte., d.. Home 

12/10/14. 
Williams, G. R., b. Llanddeinio- 

IV — 21 



len, 60931, Pte., d., Home, 

22l2l\y. 

Williams, T. J., b. Eglw>-sbach, 

20668, Pte., d.. At Sea, 

15/4/17. 
Wilshaw, A., b. Hanley, 18070, 

Pte., d.. Home, 6/1/15. 
Wright, C, b. Cronton, 75393, 

Pte., d., Home, 11/10/17. 



8th BATTALION 

AcKLAND, R. D., b. Tenby, 19653, 

Pte.. k. in a., G., 6/1/16. 
Addison, R., b. London, 24358, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Amos, S., b. Bedminster, 12695, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M.. 9/4/16. 
Arnold, B., b. Cardiff. 33045, 

Pte., d. of w., G., 13/11/15. 
Arnold, G., b. Swansea, 30432, 

A/Cpl., d., I., 19/7/18. 
Artingstall, a., b. Ashton- 

under-Lyne, 20907, Pte., d. of 

w., M., 29/4/18. 
AsPEY, R. G., b. Hollinsgreen, 

37143, Pte., d., I., 1/10/18. 
Baddeley, W. a., b. Newcastle, 

30007, Pte., k. in a., M., 

13/4/17- 
Bailey, B., b. Walthamstow, 

30130, Pte., k. in a., M., 

25/1/17- 
Bailey, I., b. Halnerend, 18354, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Bardsley, J., b. Stockport, 39285, 

Pte., d., M., 12/5/17. 
Barker, G. W., b. Wolverhamp- 
ton, 12329, Pte., d. of w., G., 

26/9/15. 
Barnbrook, J., b. Brierley Hill, 

Staffs, 12674, Cpl., d. of w., 

Malta, 29/8/15. 
Barnes, A., b. Birmingham, 6127, 

Pte., d., I., 1/10/18. 
Barron, J., b. Kilmacthomas, 

1 1756, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15. 
B.^RRY, W., b. Cardiff, 18122, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 19/8/15. 
Bassett, T., b. Garnant, 12389, 

Pte., d., M., 22/6/18. 
Bate, E., b. Runcorn, i7339. 

Pte., k. in a., G.. 2/12/15. 
Beaumont, M., b. Leeds, 30182, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 16/2/17. 
Bellis, J., b. Flint, 12583, 

A/Cpl., d., M., 22/7/16. 
Berney, p., b. We.xford, 12418, 

A/Cpl.. k. in a., G., 7/1/16. 
Berry, W. T., b. Llanbadam, 

31062, Pte., d., At Sea, 

4/12/15. 
Bevan, W., b. Morriston, 11763, 

Pte., k. in a.. G., 16/8/15. 
Bickerton, W., b. Burslem, 

23692, Pte., d., M., 2/7/16. 
Bodenham, R., b. Cardiff, 5535, 

Cpl., d., M.. 28/9/18. 
BowYER, B., b. Hanley, 24080, 

Pte.. d., M., 26/5/16. 
Broadbent, H., b. Halifax, 



23991. A/Cpl., k. in a., M., 

16/2/17. 
Brockbank, S. W., b. Clifton, 

41748, Pte., d. of w., M., 

18/2/17. 
Brockley, J., b. Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 12133, Pte., k. in a., G., 

9/8/15- 
Brodrick, D., b. Aberavon, 5414, 

Pte., d., At Sea, 7/12/15. 
Brostall, T., b. Liverpool, 11882, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/8/15. 
Bryan, S., b. Mold, 11623, Pte., 

k. in a., G., 8/8/15. 
Buck, W., b. Merthyr, 69617, 

Pte., d., I., 21/7/18. 
Buckley, W. E., b. Chasetown, 

37357. Pte., d., M., 10/10/18. 
Bull, T., b. Swansea, 12869, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/1/16. 
Bullock, H., b. Hanley, 11509, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 28/8/15. 
BuNKELL, F. J., b. London, 30104, 

Pte., d., M., 12/7/16. 
BuRLAND, E., b. Ystrad, 5730, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 15/2/17. 
Butler, S., b. Kenilworth, 11951, 

Pte., d. of w.. At Sea, 25/8/15. 
Butler, W., b. West Bromwich, 

23592, Pte., d. of w., I., 

8/5/16. 
Bywaters, W., b. Headland, 

37108, Pte., d. of w., M., 

29/4/18. 
Campling, T., b. Middlesbrough, 

49072, Sgt., d. of w., M., 

30/4/18. M.M. 
Cappell, M., b. Bridgend, 19896, 

Pte.. k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Card, W. T., b. Stockstead, 63068, 

Pte., d., M., 17/10/17. 
C.\RMAN, E. H., b. Norwich, 

31344. Pte., d., M., 7/S/16. 
Castle, F., b. St. Albans, 31634, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 10/2/17. 
Chadwick, a., b. Heckmond\\-yke, 

30195, Pte., k. in a., M., 

16/2/17. 
Clayton, R., b. Ashton-under 

Lyne, 11566, Cpl., d. of w., M^ 

2/5/18. 
Clegg, J., b. Macclesfield, 39272, 

Pte., d., M., 16/7/17. 
Coates, A., b. Tunstall, 24581, 

Pte., d., M.. 29/6/16. 
Collier, S., b. Burton-on-Trent, 

30010. Pte., d., M., 17/1/17. 
Cook, W., b. Lower Gomal, 

36400, L/Cpl., d., I., 15/9/18. 
Cooke, W., b. Stockport, 46173, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Coombs, F. J., b. Ogmore Vale, 

12516, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15- 
CosTELLO, W., b. Flint, 11682, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 3/2/ 17. 
Crawford, T. J., b. Chester, 9241, 

Pte., k. in a., M.. 9/4/16. 
CuLLip, S. G., b. Putney, 30136, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 16/2/17. 
Curtis, S., b. Coed-Franc. 31261, 

Pte.. k. in a., M., 1/2/17. 
Dabinett, J., b. Shepton Beau- 



322 



APPENDIX VIII 



champ, 1 1879, Pte., k. in a., 

G.. 27/7/is. 
Daffern, J. T., b. Birmingham, 

35520, Pte., d. of w., M., 

17/2/17. 
Davidson, J., b. Wolverhampton, 

13823, Pte., d. of w., Home, 

25/9/15- 
Davies, a., b. Bersham, 12550, 

Pte., d., E., 23/10/15. 
Davies, B. F., b. Llangammerch, 

24361, Pte., k. in a., M., 

3/2/17. 
Davies, C, b. Llanelly, 14733, 

Pte., d., I., 25/9/18. 
Davies, C. J., b. Bethnal Green, 

24453, Pte., d. of \v., At 

Sea, 8/12/15. 
Davies, D., b. Larne, 13369, Pte., 

d. of \v., I., 10/5/16. 
Davies, G., b. Hope, 30303, 

A/L/Sgt., k. in a., M., 

20/12/16. 
Davies, H., b. Lampeter, 12687, 

Pte., d., G., 11/8/15. 
Davies, H., b. Llangj'nhafal, 

Z7672, Pte., d., I., 4/8/16. 
Davies, H., b. Neatli, 39007, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 1 9/4/ 1 7. 
Davies, J., b. Ystrad Effrod, 

12035, L/Cpl., d. of w.. Home, 

4/9/15- 
Davies, J., b. Llancynnid, 19379, 

Pte., k. in a., M.. 25/1/17. 
Davies, J., b. Bettwsynrhos, 

36609, Pte., d., M., 23/6/16. 
Davies, J. R., b. Abergele, 5364, 

C.S.M., d., M.. 20/11/16. 
Davies, L., b. Cardigan, 12176, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 16/8/15. 
Davies, L.. b. Llaneg^vad, 12225, 

Pte., d., M., 9/5/16. 
Davies, M., b. Cerrig-y-Druidion, 

203716, Pte., d., Home, 

11/6/18. 
Davies, R. M., b. Treherbert, 

6634, Pte., k. in a., M.. 9/4/16. 
Davies, R. P., b. Llandulas, 

36718, Pte.. d., M., 28/6/16. 
Davies, S., b. Merthyr, 12818, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/8/15. 
Day, C. H., b. Gloucester, 24487, 

Pte., d. of w., E., 15/1/16. 
Day, G. W., b. Cheadle, 23768, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 11/4/17. 
DiCKERSON, F. J., b. Burton-on- 

Trent, 30016, Pte., k. in a., M., 

14/1/17- 
DoDD, J., b. "Eastham, 12449, 

Pte., d., Malta, 19/10/15. 
DooLEY, W., b. Cemey, Wrexham, 

12155, Pte., d., Home, 

21/11/14. 
DowDiNG, G. A., b. Chadsmore, 

24822, Pte., d., M., 1/6/16. 
Doyle, E., b. Wrexham, 12074, 

Pte., d., I., 8/6/17. 
Drewitt, F. J., b. Kington Lang- 
ley, 24098, Pte., k. in a., M., 

9/4/16. 
Dudley, T., b. Crewe, 33106, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Dunkley, W. C, b. Northampton, 



12554, Pte., k. in a., M., 

5/4/16. 
DuTTON, W. J., b. Wrexham, 

12556, Pte., d., E., 4/10/15. 
Dwyer, T.. b. Dublin, 11722, 

Pte., d., M., 20/7/15. 
Earle, T., b. Trowbridge, 24025, 

Pte., d. of w., G., 18/8/15. 
Eddies, J., b. Whitchurch, 123 19, 

Pte., k. in a., G.. 11/8/15. 
Edwards, A., b. Boddelwiddan, 

16261, Pte., d., L, 24/6/18. 
Edwards, W., b. Aberdare, 17951, 

Pte.. k. in a., M., 7/4/16. 
Edwards, W. J., b. Ystrad, 2041 1, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Elliot, A. F., b. Beeley, 31 108, 

Pte., d., M., 27/4/16. 
Ellis, H. T., b. Mountain Ash, 

1 1952, Pte., k. in a., ^L, 

9/4/16. 
Ellis, W., b. Chester, 5838, Pte., 

d. of w., G., 21/8/15. 
Emery, F., b. Fenton, 30017, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 18/2/17. 
Enoch, E. W., b. Workington, 

31519, P., d., At Sea, 6/11/15. 
Evans, A., b. Llangystinin, 

12396, Pte., d., G., 17/8/15- 
Evans, C. S., b. Newtown, 

290668, Pte., d., L, 13/7/18. 
Evans, E., b. Cefn-Mawr, 70017, 

Pte., d., L, 30/7/18. 
Evans, E., b. Criccieth, 37057, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 19/2/17. 
Evans, G., b. Ammanford, 12242, 

Pte., d. of w., E., 17/9/15. 
Evans, G., b. Welshpool, 12582, 

Pte., d. of w., G., 7/10/15. 
Evans, H., b. Penygroes, 40440, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 13/4/17. 
Evans, J., b. Llangunnock, 121 50, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 16/8/15. 
Evans, J., b. Rhyl, 30323, Pte., 

d., M., 29/5/17. 
Evans, P., b. Llandegai, 12246, 

Pte., k. in a., M., s/4/16. 
Evans, T., b. Ystradyfodw>% 

12500, Pte., d. of w., M., 

17/2/17. 
Evans, T. L, b. Glynceinog, 

11468, Cpl., k. in a., M., 

22/4/16. 
Everett, E. N., b. Upper Strat- 

ton, 37870, Pte., d., M., 

13/10/16. 
Everitt, S., b. Ardsley, 30208, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 15/1/17. 
Eveson, H., b. Old Swinford, 

36465, Pte., k. in a., M.. 

3/2/17. 
Fletcher, F., b. Longton, 32537, 

Pte., d., M., 5/7/16. 
Fletcher, P., b. Hoyland, 30214, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 12/4/17. 
Foley, W., b. Dudley, 30019, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Forster, F., b. Tunstall, 24842, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Foster, C, b. Rochdale, 23775, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 13/1/17. 
Foster, H., b. Sheffield, 30212, 

Pte., d. of w., M.. 17/2/17. 
Freeth, a., b. Wednesbury, 



11516, Sgt., d. of w., M., 

18/4/16. 
Gandy, T., b. Northwich, 30449, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 3/2/17. 
Gardner, V. A., b. Gt. Yarmouth, 

28839, Pte., d., M., 11/7/16. 
Garner, T., b. Eghvys Bach, 

12237, L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 

5/4/16. 
Gell, a. H., b. Aberdare, 19942, 

Pte.. k. in a., G., 7/8/15. 
Gilbert, W. B., b. London, 

30159, Pte., d. of w., M., 

25/1/17. 
GiTTiNs, H., b. Llandrinio, 12567, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 28/3/17. 
Glendenning, a., b. Briton 

Ferry, 11526, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15- 
GoFF, G., b. Orrell, Bootle, 30087, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 26/1/17. 
Gordon, T. L, b. Longton, 30021, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 21/1/17. 
GoTT, W., b. Ripon, 46322, Pte., 

k. in a., M., 16/2/17. 
Green, L., b. Failsworth, 36182, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 7/2/17. 
Gregory, W., b. Church. 2823, 

Pte., d. of w., M.. 18/12/16. 
Grice, T., b. Walsall, 24586, 

Pte., d., M., 19/9/16. 
Griffiths, A., b. Hawarden, 

12637, Pte., k. in a., M., 

5/4/16. 
Griffiths, R. T., b. Dyserth, 

12117, Cpl., d., G., 14/11/16. 
Griffiths, T. J., b. Ffynnon 

Grdew, 30384, Pte., d., M., 

8/1/18. 
Griffiths, W. S., b, Clydach 

Vale, 5681, Pte., d. of w., M., 

5/4/16. 
Griffiths, W. W., b. Birkenhead, 

30326, Pte., d. of w., M., 

16/2/17. 
Grottick, p. C, b. Bow, 31556, 

Sgt., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Groves, G., b. Higher Peover, 

39296, Pte., d., M., 22/12/17, 
Hackett, p. C, b. Longton, 

23564, Pte., d. of w., M., 

19/4/16. 
Hall, J., b. Hyde. 39292, Pte., 

d. of w., M., 18/2/17. 
Hallam, J., b. Manchester, 29019, 

Pte., d., M. 23/6/16. 
Hammond, A. E., b. London, 

24067, Pte., k. in a., M., 

5/4/16. 
Hampson, W., b. Hindley, 31 314, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Harding, J. C, b. London, 11884, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/8/15- 
Harley, L., b. Abercarn, 31521, 

Pte., d. of w., Malta, 22/10/15. 
Harney, G.,b. Manchester, 12376, 

Pte., k. in a., G.. 6/8/15. 
Harratt, J., b. Brown Hills, 

30029, Pte., d. of w., M., 

25/2/17. 
Hassall, J., b. Tunstall, 12082, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Havman, W., b. Nantymoel, 4895, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



323 



Hayward, E. J., b. Dawley, 

24532, A/Cpl., d.. M., 24/12/17. 
Heal, S. G., b. Bideford, 204340, 

Pte., d.. I., 29/7/18. 
Henderson, T., b. Edinburgh, 

13764, Pte., d. of \v.. At Sea, 

18/8/15. 
Hennessey, M. P., b. Wrexham, 

i09=;7, Sgt., k. in a., M., 

5/4/16. 
HiBBERSON, T., b. Sheffield, 

31522. Pte., k. in a., M., 

9/4/16. 
HiCKiNBOTHAM, A., b. Cannock, 

19746, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15. 
HiGGiNBOTHAM, J., b. Stockport, 

30435, Pte., k. in a., M., 

13/4/17. 
HiLDiTCH, F., b. Fulham, 31618, 

Pte.. d. of w., M.. 8/4/16. 
Hill, W. H., b. Burslem. 24601, 

Pte.. k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Hobbs, W.. b. Cardiff, 37810, 

Pte., d., M.. 15/7/16. 
Hodge, T., b. Wellington, 31 541, 

Sgt.. k. in a., M., 1 5/2/17. 
Hodges, T., b. Wellow, 19988, 

Pte., d.. Home, 7/2/16. 
Holland, J., b. Northwich, 

48840, Pte., d. of w., M., 

25/1/17. 
Hook, B., b. Hoxton, 24041, Pte., 

d. of w.. Home, 31/10/16. 
Hoosen, T. J., b. Northop, 11849, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 4/10/15. 
Hopkins, A., b. Neath, 12146, 

Cpl., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
HoTEN, A., b. Pinxton, 33184, 

Pte., k. in a.. M.. 11/4/17. 
Howells, a., b. Penarth, 12309, 

Pte.. d. of \v., M., 20/2/17. 
Hudson, W. T., b. Chester, 

461 13, Pte., k. in a., M., 

20/12/16. 
Hughes, A., b. Aberdare, 37704. 

Pte., d., I., 8/8/17. 
Hughes, E., b. Llanasa, 25039, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Hughes, E. D., b. Penmaenmawr, 

36280, Pte., d., M., 

23/6/16. 
Hughes, H., b. Holyhead. 131 10, 

Pte.. k. in a.. G., 29/8/15. 
Hughes, J. R.. b. Llanrwst, 

11913, Pte., k. in a., G., 

ii/ii/iS. 
Hughes, J. T., b. Bodfari, 12009, 

Cpl., k. in a., M.. 13/4/17- 
Hughes, R. J., b. Holyhead, 

13175, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15. 
Hughes, S., b. Kidwelly, 1253S. 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 12/3/18. 
Hughes, T., b. Llanelly, 12226, 

Pte., k. in a.. G., 12/8/15. 
Hughes, W., b. Amhvch. 121 52, 

Pte.. d. of w.. G., 8/1/16. 
HuMFRAYS, R., b. Scarborough, 

49090, Pte., k. in a., M., 

2s/i/'7. 
Humphreys, T. J., b. Holyhead, 

44418, Pte., d., M., 23/7/17. 
Hutchings, A. E., b. Penarth, 



12312, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/1/16. 
Huyton, W., b. Hanley, 23632, 

Pte., d., M., 16/6/16. 
Hyde, J. A., b. Oakengates, 12453, 

Cpl., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Iball, a., b. Buckley, 11456, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Ingham, A. J., b. Liverpool, 

31604, Pte., d., M., 8/6/16. 
Inskip, J., b. Longton, 8371, 

C.S.M.. d., I., 7/7/16. 
I SHERWOOD, S. W., b. Radford, 

46168, Pte., k. in a., M., 

25/1/17. 
Izzard, C, b. Birmingham, 12717, 

Pte.. d.. E., 7/10/15. 
Jacobs, G., b. Whitland, 12338, 

L/Cpl.. d. of w., M., 26/1/17. 
James, J., b. Maesteg, 11950, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 19/10/15. 
Jarman, W., b. Penywrath, 23822, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Jenkins, B., b. Llangennech, 

69634, Pte., d., I.. 15/10/18. 
Jenkins, S., b. Llanelly, 13391. 

Pte., k. in a., G., 12/8/15. 
Jenkins, W., b. Ammanford, 

13255, Pte., d., At Sea, 

18/8/15. 
Jenkins, W. E., b. Bedminster, 

31614, Pte., d. of w., M., 

13/4/17. „ . 

Johnson, E., b. Manchester, 

30373, Pte., k. in a., M., 

15/2/17. 
Johnson, H. M., b. Bethnal 

Green, 31309, Pte., d., At Sea, 

4/12/15. 
Jones, A., b. Gw^thenn, 39327, 

Pte., d., M., 23/7/17. 
Jones, A. V., b. Margam. 31542, 

Pte., d.. Malta, 28/9/15. 
Jones, C, b. Festiniog, 267994, 

Pte., d., M., 3/8/18. 
Jones, D., b. Llanarthney, 13131. 

Pte., d. of w., G., 17/8/15- 
Jones, E. J., b. Denbigh, 24101, 

Pte., d.. M., 19/6/18. 
Jones, E. J., b. EglwTSsilan, 

24767, Pte., d., E.. 23/12/15. 
Jones, F., b. Penmachno, 36832, 

Pte., k. in a.. M., 15/2/17. 
Jones, G. W., b. Cardiff, 43779. 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Jones, H., b. Llanwenllwyfo, 

12629, Pte., k. in a., G., 

15/10/15. 
Jones, H., b. Bangor, 11710, 

Pte., d. of w.. G., 1 7/8/ 1 5. 
Jones, H., b. Penrhyndeudraeth, 

12328, Pte., k. in a., G.. 

22/9/15. 
Jones, 1., b. Northop, 12051, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 12/8/15. 
Jones, J., b. Barry, 12363, Pte., 

d.. Home, 22/6/15. 
Jones, J., b. Flint, 60786, Pte., 

d., M., 22/7/17. 
Jones, J., b. Wrexham. 49853. 

Pte.. d. of w., M., 29/4/18. 
Jones, J. E., b. Llangollen, 

11658, Pte., d. of w., E., 

14/8/15. 



Jones, J. F., b. Hawarden, 12772, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., G., 22/8/15. 
Jones, J. R., b. Llandewi, 25403, 

Pte., d., .^t Sea, 2/11/15. 
Jones, L., b. Conway, 31505, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 26/1/17. 
Jones, M., b. Swansea, 16821, 

Pte., k. in a.. M., 9/4/16. 
Jones, N. G., b. Carnarvon, 

2667 II, Pte., d. of w.. Home, 

19/7/18. 
Jones, R., b. Buckley, 12436, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M.. 9/4/16. 
Jones, R., b. Rhoscolyn, 13345, 

Pte., d., E., 2/12/15. 
Jones, R., b. Carnarvon, 19923, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 2/1/16. 
Jones, R., b. G\\Tddelwern, 

25088, Pte., d. of w., Malta, 

23/1/16. 
Jones, R. J., b. Llanddulas, 

36335. L/Cpl., d., M.. 13/7/16. 
Jones, S., b. Taillw>'don, 5756, 

Pie., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Jones, T., b. Gainsborough, 5462, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., L, 13/3/17. 
Jones, T., b. Welshpool, 13271, 

Pte., d., G., 30/11/15. 
Jones, T., e. Llandudno, 20386, 

Pte., d., L, 30/10/18. 
Jones, V., b. Bala, 40062, Pte., 

k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Jones, W., b. Connah's Quay, 

11544, L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 

11/4/17. 
Jones, W., b. Bodwrog, 121 19, 

Pte.. d. of w., M., 25/4/16. 
Jones, W., b. Wrexham, 17760, 

Pte., d., At Sea, 27/8/15. 
Jones, W., b. Bath, 31605, Pte., 

d. of w., G., 5/1/ 1 6. 
Jones, W., b. Capelgormon, 

69263, Pte., d., L, 2/10/18. 
Jones, W., b. Macclesfield, 30441, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Jones, W. J., b. Northop. 5841. 

Pte., d. of w.. At Sea, 12/8/15. 
Judge, J., b. Oldbury, 35506, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Jukes, J. W., b. Birmingham, 

5227, Pte., d., M., 21/6/16. 
Jutson, T., b. Great Bridge. 

12464. Pte., d., At Sea, 1/9/15. 
Keen, S., b. Warrington, 13512, 

Pte., d.. At Sea. 19/7/16. 
Kelly, T., b. Bolton, 236S9, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Kingham, H. J., b. London, 

31639, Pte.. d., L, 20/6/16. 
KiTSON, W. H., b. Doncaster, 

30230, Pte., d., yi.. 20/11/16. 
Knight, J. E., b. Wellingbor- 
ough. 31606, Pte., k. in a., G , 

7/1/16. 
Langley, J., b. Leeswood, 11 768, 

Pte.. d., Malta, 21/8/15. 
Lea, J. E.. b. Wrexham, 31067, 

Pte., k. in a., M.. 25/1/17. 
Leddy, B., b. Dewsbuo'. ii533. 

Pte., k. in a., G.. 10/8/15. 
Legg, a., b. Penarth. 12496, Pte., 

d. of w., G., 16/8/15. 
Leighton, J., b. Tunstall, 30038, 

Pte., d., M., 2/S/16. 



324 



APPENDIX VIII 



Lewis, J., b. Caerwen, 12089, 

Pte., d.. E., 21/10/15. 
Lewis, M.. e. Aberdare, 24492, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Lewis, T. E., b. Llangiirig, 5058, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Lloyd, D. J., b. Xorthop, 12080, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. Home, 

2/9/15. 
Lloyd, W., e. Wrexham, 49845, 

Pte., d., M., 2/11/17. 
LoNGSTAFF, J. C, b. Kingston- 

on-Thames, 31624, L/Cpl., k. 

in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Lovelock, L., e. Mold, 30400, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Luck, C. H., b. Manchester, 

II 718, Cf)l., k. in a., M., 

S/4/16. 
Lynch, F., b. Manchester, 30399, 

L/Cpl., d., M., 20/8/18. 
Maidment, G., b. Pimlico, 30167, 

Pte., d., M.. 30/7/16. 
Manning, M., b. Liverpool, 

1 15 12, L/Sgt., d. of w., G., 

24/8/is. 
Martin, G., b. Flint, 325 11, Pte., 

d., M., 10/6/16. 
Martin, T., b. Blackbvirn, 30076, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Mason, T. W., b. Rawcliflfe, 

30241, Pte., d., M., 25/7/17. 
Mathias, S. E., b. Cardiff, 

11942, Pte., d., Home, 13/9/15. 
Matthews, A., b. Vardre, 5693, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 15/2/17. 
Matthews, A. W., b. Sedgeley, 

12706, Pte., k. in a., G., 

11/8/15. 
Matthews, P. W., b. Tonypandy, 

4619, Cpl., k. in a., G., 

8/1/16. 
Mayo, W., b. London, 12189, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
McDonagh, J., b. Lochglyne, 

12284, Sgt., d. of w., L, 

12/3/17. 
MacDonald, J., b. Rosskeen, 

18683, Pte., k. in a., M., 

3/-2/I7- 
McGovan, H., b. Bath, 12203, 

Sgt., d. of w., G., 17/8/15- 
Meredith, E. H., b. Raglan, 

18274, Pte., d. of w., M., 

9/4/16. 
Merritt, p., b. London, 24043, 

Pte., d. of w., G., 21/7/15. 
Midghall, J., b. Garston, 17927, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Monk, L. G., b. London, 23764, 

Pte., d., Malta, 29/12/15. 
Moran, p., b. Liverpool, 11820, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Morgan, C, b. Coleford, 5594, 

Pte., d., M., 7/10/18. 
Morgan, D. J., b. Kidwelly, 

12532, Pte., d.. At Sea, 

30/10/15. 
Morgan, J., b. Pembroke, 13329, 

Pte., d., M., 21/6/16. 
Morgan, J. E., b. Llandovery, 

12430, Pte., k. in a., G., 

11/8/15. 



Morris, A. E., b. Llanelly, 11661 

Sgt., k. in a., M.. 5/4/16. 
Morris, A. E., b. Denbigh, 40790 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Morris, R., b. Flint, 11895, Pte. 

k. in a., G., 7/8/15. 
Morris, R., b. Ruabon, 30307 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Morris, W., b. Cwmavon, 12087 

Pte., k. in a., G., 12/8/15. 
Morton, D. C., b. Aberdare 

53105, Pte., k. in a., M. 

29/4/18. 
Mottershead, a., b. Over 

Peover, 48842, Pte., k. in a. 

M., 18/1/17. 
Mullinex, H., b. Middlewood 

19929, L/Cpl., k. in a., G. 

24/7/15. 
Nash, S., b. Bristol, 24014, Pte. 

d. of w., G., 16/8/15. 
Navin, a., b. Dublin, 5506, Pte. 

d., M., 21/4/17. 
Neve, T. B., b. London. 31607 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Newns, S., b. Oswestry, 12321 

Sgt., d., Malta, 22/1 1/15. 
Nicholas, F. R., b. Leominster 

37083, Pte., d., M., 28/8/16. 
Nichols, P., b. Hawarden, 11536 

Pte., d., G., 20/10/15. 
Norton, T., b. Orcop, 18463 

L/Cpl., d. of w., G., 13/8/15 
O'Neill, D., b. Mycross, 11 5 14 

Pte., k. in a., G., 10/8/15. 
O'Neill, J., b. Middlesbrough 

49078, L/Sgt., k. in a., M. 

15/2/17- 
O'SuLLivAN, P., b. Castle Lyons 

31529, Pte., k. in a., M. 

9/4/16. 
Ottley, W. R., b. London, 12468 

Pte., d. of w., At Sea, 13/8/15 
Owen, J., b. Llandudno, 49240 

Pte., d., M., 26/10/17. 
Owen, J. H., b. Abergele, 12477 

Pte., k. in a., G., 16/8/15. 
Owen, N., b. Northop, 11667 

L/Cpl., k. in a., G., 21/9/15. 
Owen, R., b. Llansadwrn, 25067 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/1/16. 
Owen, R., b. Llangynwyd, 12086 

Sgt., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Owen, T., e. Holvhead, 266720 

Pte., d. of w., M., 29/4/18. 
Owen, W., b. Llansadwrn, 49843 

Pte., d., M., 26/9/17. 
Owen, W., b. Llandudno, 60667 

Pte., d., M., 30/10/17. 
Parry, E. E., b. Denbigh, 12003 

Sgt., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Parson, J., b. Cardiff, 69910 

Pte., d., L, 5/10/18. 
Parsons, A., b. Llanfair, 13841 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Pattison, S., b. Newcastle 

31709, Pte., k. in a., G. 

5/1/16. 
Paul, H. S., b. Barry, 31625 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Pearce, F., b. Penley, 12263 

Pte., d., G.. 5/12/15- 
Petf.rs, T.. b. Connah's Quay 

12650, L/Cpl., d., M., 27/5/16 



Phillips, C. C, b. Bedwellty, 

18789, Pte., k. in a., M., 

25/1/17- 
Phillips, J., b. Wingate, 31510, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 8/11/15. 
Plant, E., b. Wrexham, 30349, 

L/Cpl., d., L, 24/9/18. 
Platt, F., b. Penley, 5668, Pte., 

d. of w., M., 16/2/17. 
Powell, G. E., e. Llandudno, 

21168, Pte., k. in a., M., 

25/1/17. 
Powell, H. J., b. Blaeneu, 15378, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 26/1/17. 
Preece, a., b. Kingston, 6551, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Preston, A., b. Batley, 30246, 

Pte., d., M., 10/8/16. 
Price, F. G., b. Hanwood, 9288, 

A/C.S.M., d. of w., At Sea, 

12/1/16. 
Price, G. R., b. Aberdare, 31547, 

Pte., d., G., 16/9/16. 
Price, H., b. Pennsylvania, 5609, 

Cpl., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Price, S., b. Wolverhampton, 

12664, Pte., d., G., 1/12/15. 
Priddle, a. W., b. Rimpton, 

31626, Pte., k. in a., G., 

20/9/15. 
Pritchard, D. E., b. Rhyl, 45889, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Pritchard, J., b. Derby, 19459. 

Pte., k. in a., G., 17/8/15- 
Pritchard, P., b. Liverpool, 

18474, Pte., d., G., 11/12/15. 
Probert, W., b. Ebbw Vale, 

12730, Pte., d. of w., M., 

13/4/16. 
Proffitt, F., b. Stockport, 19774, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 29/4/16. 
Prosser, R., b. Llanwonno, 31278, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 2/1/16. 
Prytherch, T. R., b. Bangor, 

20689, Pte., d., M., 17/7/17. 
PuGH, A. T., b. Rhostyllen, 

11647, Pte., d., M., 16/5/16. 
PuGH, G., b. Fenton, 18008, Pte., 

d., G., 1/12/15. 
Radford, S., b. Cadoxton, 19635, 

Pte., d. of w., E., 10/8/15. 
Reece, W., b. Birkenhead, 121 14, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 12/5/16. 
Rees, H. J., b. Llangeinw^/r, 

12130, L/Sgt., d. of w., M., 

25/1/17. 
Rees, L, b. Pontlottyn, 12422, 

Pte., d. of w., G., 29/9/15. 
Rees, R., b. Coity, 31608, Pte., 

d., G., 3/10/15. 
Renshaw, H., b. Harpurhey, 

46306, Pte., d., M., 11/7/17. 
Richards, A. E., b. Llandudno, 

266684. Pte., d., M., 25/6/18. 
Richards, E. T., b. Aberystwyth, 

31548, Pte., d., E., 4/11/15- 
RiCHARDS, J. T., b. Llangollen, 

61 12, Pte., k. in a., G., 

24/7/15- 
RiCHARDS, L., b. Llantnsant, 

18897, Pte., d.. At Sea, 

12/10/15. 
Rigby, a., b. Liverpool, 30068, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 2/5/16. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



325 



RiGBY, W.. b. Bolton, 19461 

Sgt., d., M., 9/9/16. 
Roberts, H., b. Wrexham, 69298 

Pte., d.. At Sea, 30/10/17. 
Roberts, H., b. Llandvsilio, 11 66 

Pte., d., G.. 29/7/15. 
Roberts, I. H., b. Llysfaen 

11835, Pte., k. in a., M. 

3/2/17. 
Roberts, J., b. Brymbo, 31382 

Pte., d. of w., M., 9/4/16. 
Roberts, J., b. Portmadoc 

267423, Pte., k. in a., M. 

29/4/18. 
Roberts, J. G.. b. Llangefni 

29541, Pte., k. in a., M. 

15/2/17. 
Roberts, J. H., b. Leicester 

49080, Cpl., k. in a., M. 

15/2/17. 
Roberts, J. T., b. Wigan, 24401 

Pte., d. of w., G., 5/1 /16. 
Roberts, M., b. Penllech, 49237 

Pte., d., M., 25/9/18. 
Roberts, O., b. Anglesey, 21217 

Pte., d., M., 23/7/17, 
Roberts, R., b. Dinas Mawddwy 

13478, Pte., d. of \v., At Sea 

21/8/15. 
Roberts, R., b. Chirk, 36285 

Pte., d., M., 10/7/16. 
Roberts, T., b. Penmorfa, 5754 

Pte., k. in a., G., 25/10/15. 
Roberts, W., b. Manchester 

12016, Pte., k. in a., M. 

4/4/16. 
Roberts, W., b. Beddgelert 

125 13, Pte., k. in a., M. 

5/4/16. 
Roberts, W., e. Rhvl, 30428 

Pte., d., M., 23/7/17. 
Robixson, C, b. Oldham, 31338 

Pte., k. in a., G., 4/12/15. 
Rogers, D., b. Fenton, 12785 

L/Cpl., d. of w., G., 7/8/15- 
Rogers, E., b. Stoke-on-Trent 

12786, Pte., d. of w.. At Sea 

8/8/15. 
RoNAX, W., b. Manning, 11759 

Pte., k. in a., M., 5/5/16. 
Rook, S., b. Mitcham, 30268 

Pte., d. of w., M., 16/2/17. 
RouRKE, F., h. Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 36929, Pte., k. in a., M. 

16/2/17. 
Rowland, R., b. Llangibby 

31532, Pte., k. in a., G. 

31/8/1S. 
RowLixsoN, W., b. Lawston 

12552, Pte., k. in a., G. 

7/10/15. 
RuDGE, W. F., b. Llandudno 

5728, Pte.. d., M., 8/8/16. 
Sampson, D., b. Blaenrhondda 

15054, L/Cpl., d., M., 24/6/17 
Samuels, J., b. Ruabon, 24165 

Pte., d., M., 27/6/16. 
Saxdrey, G., b. Pontypridd 

12306, Pte., d. of w., M. 

16/2/17. 
Saunders, B. J., b. Treorchy 

1 1760, Pte., k. in a., G. 

10/8/15, 



Saunders, S., b. High Wycombe, 

22560, Pte., d., M., 21/7/17. 
Seddox, a., b. Haydock, 24549, 

Pte., d., M., 8/6/18. 
Seeton, T., e. Cranbrook, 30172, 

Pte., k. in a., M.. 16/2/17. 
Severxs, Z., b. Bilston, 11 523, 

Cpl., d. of w., M., 23/4/17. 
Sewell, F. J., b. Barry, 37855, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 26/1/17. 
Sharples, H., b. Blakenhall, 

12703, Pte., d. of w., M., 

27/4/16. 
Shirtcliff, O., b. Harworth, 

12485, Pte., d., Malta, 5/1/16. 
SiMPKiNS, E., b. West Bromwich, 

19448. Pte., d. of w., At Sea, 

10/10/15. 
Slater, B., b. Ogmore Vale, 

16046, Pte., d. of w.. At Sea, 

20/7/15. 
Slater, E., b. Holywell, 11606, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 7/8/15. 
Smith, C. P., b. Cardiff, 5129, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Smith, E., b. Glanamman, 12223, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 11/8/15. 
Smith, F., b. Fenton, 24596, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 14/2/17. 
Smith, W., b. Newton, 24185, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 11/4/17. 
Smith, W. J., b. Hawarden, 

12684, Pte., k. in a., G., 

23/8/15. 
SoMERFiELD, C, b. Bloxwich, 

6598, Pte., d. of w., M., 

16/4/16. 
Spear, S., b. Penarth, 12499, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 16/2/17. 
Stagg, J. H., b. Shepton Mallet, 

3 II 71, Pte., k. in a., M., 

11/4/17. 
Staxley, J., b. Flint, 5379, Pte., 

d. of w., M., 25/1/17. 
Stewart, C, b. Markinch, 2458S, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 22/4/16. 
Stitt, J., b. Liverpool, 11084, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 6/4/16. 
Stocks, B., b. Pinxton, 19677, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 11/8/15. 
Stocktox, J., b. Croxton Green, 

1 938 1, Pte., d. of w., M., 

21/4/16. 
Straxgward, O., e. Pontefract, 

30285, Pte., k. in a., M., 

13/4/17. 
Stuckey, R. a., b. Ealing, 

2^733' Pte., d., M., 27/7/17. 
Taber, a., h. Birmingham, 24641, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 20/12/16. 
Taylor, A., b. Tredegar, 11747, 

Pte., d. of w., Malta, 13/8/ 15. 
Taylor, A. H., b. Borough, 

26723, Pte., k. in a., M., 

15/1/17. 
Taylor, W., e. Mold, 30411, Pte., 

k. in a., M., 21/1/17. 
Thomas, E. H., b. EglwTsilan, 

18157. Pte., d., M., 12/6/16. 
Thomas, H., b. Llangadfan, 

12200, Pte., k. in a., G., 

16/8/15. 
Thomas, J., b. Pontypridd, 11874, 

Pte., d., M., 28/5/16. 



Thomas, W., b. Borsdale Wood, 

31341, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/1/16. 
Thomas, W., b. Taffs Well, 

49825, Pte., d., M., 5/8/17. 
Thomas, W. J., b. Penclwdd, 

12961, Pte.. d., M., 11/7/16. 
Thornton, W. J., b. Tipton, 

44403, Pte., d., M., 9/7/17. 
Thorpe, R. G., b. Stretton 

Audley, 11473, Sgt., k. in a., 

G., 17/8/15. 
Toole, W., b. Tunstall, 31086, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 5/4/16. 
Tresider, J. H., b. Aston, 35524, 

Pte., d., M., 20/7/16. 
Turner, E., b. Quadham, 30125, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 25/1/17. 
Turner, G. F., b. Mansfield, 

24082, Pte., d. of w., M., 

24/2/17. 
Vaughan, T. H., b. Llanbedr, 

39055, Pte., d. of w., M., 

9/5/17. 
Vicarage, H. J., b. Swansea, 

36680, Pte., d., M., 16/8/16. 
Wade, J., b. Stalybridge, 2881 1, 

Pte., k. in a., G., 11/11/15. 
Waite, H., b. Poplar, 49100, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., M., 25/1/17. 
Walker, A., b. London, 199 19, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 15/2/17. 
Walker, G., b. London, 11 540, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Ward, A., b. Rochford, 19634, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
W^ATTS, J. E., b. Connah's Quay, 

1 16 II, Pte., k. in a., G., 

19/8/15. 
West, S., b. Aberystwyth, 18358, 

Pte., d., M., 1/7/16. 
White, T. V., b. Camden Towii, 

30281, Pte., d. of w., M., 

20/12/16. 
Whitewood, H., b. Middles- 
brough, 12387, k. in a., G., 

15/8/15. 
Whitley, J., b. Mold, 30359, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 25/1/17. 
Wiffen, J. H., b. Haveriliill, 

1 1930, Sgt., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15. 
WiLcoxox, H., b. Thomton-le- 

Moore, 12098, Pte., d. of w., 

G., 6/1/16. 
Williams, A. C, b. London, 

24099, Pte., d. of w., At Sea, 

10/8/15. 
Williams, A. C. b. Gwytherin, 

12238, Pte., k. in a., G., 

20/8/15. 
Williams, C, b. Mansfield, 

12524, L/Cpl., k. in a., ^L, 

15/2/17. 
Williams, D., b. St. Dogmael s, 

17227, Pte., k. in a., AL, 

25/1/17. 
Williams, D. G., b. Llanelly, 

1252s. Pte., k. in a., G., 

11/8/1S. 
Williams, D. I... b. Pwllheh, 

12272, Cpl., d. of w., G., 

22/7/15. 
Williams, E., b. Wrexham, 



326 



APPENDIX VIII 



31080, Pte., k. in a., G., 

5/1/16. 
Williams, E. S. L., b. Denbigh, 

1 1577. Sgt., d. of \v.. At Sea, 

8/8/15. 
Williams, G., b. Llangollen, 

11715, Pte., d.. Home, 7/12/14. 
Williams, H. L., b. Llanyche, 

19414, Pte., k. in a., M., 

9/4/16. 
Williams, J., b. Penygraig, 

24-53, Pte., k. in a., M., 

S/4/16. 
\\'illiams, J., b. Bethesda, 12543, 

Pte., k. in a., M., 9/4/16. 
Williams, J., b. Llanllechio, 

60759, Pte., d. of w., M., 

30/4/18. 
Williams, J. L., b. Liverpool, 

1 1985, Pte., k. in a., G., 

7/8/is. 
Williams, N., b. Margam, 2^27^, 

Pte., d. of w., M., 8/4/16. 
Williams, R., b. West Brom\nch, 

1 1525, Cpl., k. in a., G., 

11/8/1S. 
Williams, R. O., b. Wrexham, 

49S54, Pte., k. in a., M., 

29/4/18. 
Williams, W., b. Wrexham, 

12324, Pte., d. of w., At Sea, 

17/8/15. 
Williams, W. B., b. Pontlliw, 

11910, Sgt., k. in a., G., 

7/8/15. 
Williams, W. H.. b. Blaenau 

Festiniog, 291540, Pte., d., At 

Sea, 15/4/17. 
Williams, W. J., b. Bangor, 

12289, Pte., d. of w., M., 

15/4/16. 
Wilson, J., b. Burton-on-Trent, 

28846, Pte., k. in a., G., 

12/11/15. 
Wilson, J. T., b. Norwich, 30070, 

Pte., d., M., 20/5/16. 
Wright, J., b. Deeping St. 

James, 11850, Cpl., d. of w., 

M., 2/3/17. 
Wright, T. B., b. Stafford, 

i2368, Sgt., k. in a., M., 

9/4/16. 
Young, W. P. A., b. Trowbridge, 

24048, Pte., k. in a., G., 

3/11/1S. 



9th BATTALION 

AcKROYD, E., b. Halifax, 12837, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/9/15. 
Adams, T., b. Liverpool, 15937. 

Pte., k. in a.. P., 25/9/15. 
Allen, P., b. Longton, 46242, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/11/16. 
Allman, G., b. Chester, 74551. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Alsop, T., b. Preston, 15358, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/4/16. 
Angel, G. T., b. London, 26585, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/9/17. 
Appleby, H., b. London, 17548, 

Pte., d., F., 6/9/18. 
Arden, H. E., b. Bethnal Green, 



45725, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/6/17. 
Atherton, G., b. Widnes, 16531, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/11/16. 
Attwood, J. C, b. West Brom- 

wich, 12956, Sgt., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Aubrey, B. H., b. Briton Ferry, 

36970, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

14/5/18. 
Avery, F., b. Birmingham, 23101, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 7/10/15. 
Baker, T. J., b. Ebbw Vale, 

54194, Pte., k. in a., F., 
4/11/16. 

Bamforth, J., b. Ashton-under- 

Lvne, 238060, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/5/18. 
Banks, J., b. Heywood, 52089, 

Pte., d., F., 24/6/18. 
Barguss, H., b. Witney, 12210, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Barlow, J. H., b. Hollinwood, 

33425, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Barnes, R. H., b. Blackburn, 

70504, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
Barrett, F. E., b. Leeds, 9674, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 18/8/16. 
Barton, G. H., b. St. Helens, 

75144. Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/5/18. 
Barton, W., b. Southport, 13844, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/16. 
Barton, W., b. Hadlovv, 56301, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Bassett, J., b. Darwonno, 15020, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18, M.M. 
Bates, E., b. Stoke-on-Trent, 

24591, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/17. 
Battersby, J., b. Manchester, 

19314, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Bayley, W., b. Burton, 137 12, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Beale, a. E., e. Abertillery, 

57920, Pte., d., F., 3/1 1/18. 
Beddoe, D. T., b. Bedwellty, 

54195, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/3/18, M.M. 

Bell, J., b. Neston, 75896, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Bellamy, W. H., b. Daventry, 

56349, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/10/17. 
Bellis, P., b. Hope, 12713, 

L/Sgt., d. of vv., F., 25/9/15. 
Bennett, B. T., b. Bristol, 14819, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Bennett, W. G., e. Reading, 

56296, Pte., d.. Home, 30/8/17. 
Betts, G. W., b. Peckham, 27796, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/5/18. 
Beynon, .\., b. Llanelly, 13 165, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
BiBBY, T., b. Wigan, 52738, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/9/17. 
BiRCHALL, H., b. Stockport, 

33065, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
BiscoE, R. W. L., b. London, 



56294, Pte., d. of w., F., 

13/6/17. 
BiTHELL, H., b. Flint, 13452, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 20/11/16. 
Blake, T., b. Cardiff, 31943, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Bloore, J., b. Llandegla, 31500, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Boleyn, E., b. Balsall Heath, 

23160, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
BoLLAND, R., b. Wolverhampton, 

235702, Pte., d. of w., F., 

12/6/18. 
Bolton, H. W., b. Clerkenwell, 

221 II, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/11/16. 
Bond, T., b. Westcott, 34048, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Bond, W.. b. Birkdale, 266815, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/9/17. 
BoNSALL, H., b. Chelmorton, 

33463, L/Sgt., k. in a.. F„ 

4/1/18, M.M. 
BowcoTT, F., e. Newport, 57930, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 30/5/18. 
BowEN, A., b. Brithdir, 33498, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 7/6/17. 
BowEN, C. A., b. Llanelly, 13437, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 25/8/16. 
BowEN, J. v., b. Cardiff, 77415, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/18. 
Bowles, T., b. Witney, 23899, 

Pte., d., F., 7/2/16. 
BowLEY, H., b. Criccieth, 37056, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/9/16. 
Bradley, G., b. Clunburv, 70104, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 13/5/18. 
Bradley, J., b. Shipston-on-Stour, 

36423, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/1 1/16. 
Bradley, R., b. Stanton Hill, 

31788, Cpl., d. of w., F., 

18/12/17. 
Brennan, J., b. Portsmouth, 

27864, Sgt., d.. Home, 

10/10/18. 
Brennan, M. P., b. Leyton, 

29845, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/1 1/16. 
Brettell, B., b. Lye, 11 751, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 3/7/16. 
Brown, A., b. Wrexham, 19995, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/10/18. 
Brown, H. G., b. Ford, 46261, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/11/16. 
Brown, J. H., e. Birkenhead, 

57743, Pte., d. of w., F., 

24/9/18. 
Bryan, J., b. Wrexham, 4343, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/2/17. 
BuRKHiLL, J., b. Birkenhead, 

315490, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/10/18. 
Burnett, F., b. Whitchurch, 

57944, Pte., d. of w., F., 

18/4/18. 
Burns, W. A., b. Gorton, 266833, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
BuRRiDGE, F., b. Shepton Mallet, 

57479, Pte., d., F., 6/1/19. 
Burrows, J., b. Hawarden, 12828, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



327 



BvRT, A., b. Stone. 33236, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 1/5/17. 
Butter, R. H., e. Southwald, 

55167, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/4/18. 
Byatt, F.. b. Bursleni, 6430, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
C.\D\v.\LLADER, C. b. EllesHiere 

Port, 56414. Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/17. 
Campden, W., b. Moxley, 46221, 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 7/4/17. 
C^PLE, H., b. BridgAvater, 16 100, 

L'Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Carr, J., e. Wrexham, 54278, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 28/10/16. 
Carter, B., b. Birmingham, 

46457, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Caswell, W., b. Birmingham, 

16498. Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Catlow, a., b. Xelson, 46994, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Cawley, W. J., b. Huddersfield, 

59746, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

23/10/18. 
Champiox, a. S., b. Stanning- 

lev, 36065, k. in a., F., 

3/11/16. 
Chapman, J., b. London, 53999, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 10/6/18. 
Chappell, G. H., b. Kilbum, 

21953, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

18/4/18. 
Chatham, J. B.. b. Holt, 60999, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 1/5/18. 
Chester, C, b. Armthorpe, 

46275. L/Sgt., d. of \v., F., 

16/11/17. 
Chester, W. J., b. Somerton, 

54292, Pte., d. of w., F., 

2/10/17. 
Chesters, C, b. Coppenhall, 

8199. Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/1;. 
Clague, J., b. Douglas, 235078, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Clark, W. E., b. London, 23098, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Clayton, W., b. Lincoln, 31035, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Clough, J., b. Clayton-le-Moors, 

Lanes., 24191, k. in a., F., 

1/4/16. 
Clutton, F.. b. Wrexham, 17290, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F.. 22/3/18. 
Cole, L., b. Launceston, 75300, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 18/4/18. 
Conduit, G., b. Bridg^vater, 5512, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 18/4/18. 
CoNNAH, R.. b. Bistre, 15788, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/1 1/16. 
Cook, F. A., b. Usk, 57959. Pte., 

k. in a.. F., 14/6/18. 
Cooper, F., b. Walsall, 24195, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
CooPEK, J., b. Chadlington, 

235069, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/6/17. 
Cope, A., b. Hyde, 31647, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 2/9/16. 
CopsoN, A., e. London, 235166, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/5/18. 



CoTTAM, A., b. Chorley, 52479, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 22/3/18. 
CouPER, F. W., b. Llanblethian, 

56305, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/6/17. 
Crawford, C. b. Liverpool, 

36237, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

5/6/17. 
Critchley, E., b. Manchester, 

52413. Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
Croft, H. C, b. Upton Park, 

43777. Pte., d., F., 7/8/18. 
Croman, a. B.. b. Birkenhead, 

52295, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/7/17. 
Cullen, D., b. Prescot, 14747, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 25/7/16. 
CuLLiFORD, J. J., b. Somerton, 

13203, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
Daniels, L. F., b. Manchester, 

315316, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Davenport, H., b. Stourbridge, 

9006, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
David, E. M., b. Pyle, 18763, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 7/11/18. 
D.wies, B. H., b. Liverpool, 

36281, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Davies, D., b. Colwyn Bay, 

13484, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18, D.C.M. 
Davies, D., b. Aberystwyth, 

15886. Pte.. d. of w., F., 

8/2/16. 
Davies, D. T., b. Tredegar, 

54200, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/4/17- 
Davies, E., b. Blaenau Festiniog, 

19965, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

10/1/16. 
Davies, E. G., b. Denbigh, 23048, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Davies, E. L, b. Rhondda, 16398, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Davies. H., b. Llanelly. 13151. 

Pte.. k. in a.. F.. 25/9/15. 
Davies, H. J., b. Llanellv. 14222, 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 4/10/18. 
Davies, J., b. Llandudno, 16596, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Davies, J., b. Merthyr, 23127, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 7/6/17. 
Davies, J., b. Cefn Mawr, 23188, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. F.. 14/6/17. 
Davies, J., b. Narbeth, 54297, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 7/6/17. 
Davies, J., b. Salford. 7=;88o, 

Pte.. d. of w.. F.. 27/3/18. 
Davies, J., b. Llanfair, P.G., 

15879, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Davies, J. E., b. Mardy. 191 77. 

Pte.. k. in a.. F.. 3/7/16. 
Davies, J. P., b. Llanfair, 203821, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Davies, R.. b. Wrexham, 12949, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Daviks, R. L, b. Swansea, 16604, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/10/15. 
Davies, T., b. Cerrig-y-druidion, 



13205, Pte., k. in a., P.. 

25/9/15. 
Davies, T., b. Hednesford, 13716, 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 21/11/16. 
Davies, T.. b. Dihewid Aberay- 

ron, 13736, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Davies, T., b. Barmouth, 37132, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 15/6/17. 
Davies, T. G., b. Pembroke, 

57511, k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Davies, W., b. Cardiff, 13565, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F.. 5/7/16. 
Davies, W. J., b. Pontyberem, 

235210. L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

29/4/18. 
Dennis, J., b. Pontypool. 16878, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/10/18. 
Denteth, S., b. Crewe, 57003, 

Sgt., k. in a.. F., 18/4/18. 
Denton, G. E., b. London, 27324, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/3/16. 
Devine, R., b. Liverpool, 31831, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 2/7/16. 
Dixon, T., b. Leigh, 46243, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 6/7/16. 
DoBiNsoN, R., b. Dalston, 

242948, Pte., d. of w., P., 

2/6/18. 
Donovan, J., b. Rhondda, 29013, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/11/16. 
Driver, W. B., b. Wrexham, 

57937, Pte., k. in a., P., 

28/5/18. 
Duckworth, H.. b. Blackburn, 

52381, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

31/7/17. 
Dunning, P., b. Newport, 54201, 

Pte., k. in a., P., 31/7/17. 
Dykes, W., b. Crewe, 37246, 

Sgt.. k. in a.. P.. 18/4/18. 
Edge, S., b. Ogmore Vale, 13693, 

Cpl.. k. in a., P., 25/9/15. 
Edmonds, P. L., b. London, 

35157, Pte., d. of w.. P., 

25/10/17. 
Edwards, A., b. Nantyglo. 55403. 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. P., 28/5/18. 
Edwards, D. J., b. Bridgend, 

12994, L/Sgt., k. in a., P., 

25/9/15. 
Edwards, E., b. Forth, 16504, 

Pte.. d. of w.. P., 11/7/ 1 6. 
Edwards, E. C, b. Beckenham, 

13689, Pte., k. in a., P., 

18/4/18. 
Edwards, J., b. Llanerchymedd, 

39314, Pte., d. of w.. P., 

5/10/17. 
Edwards, J. R., b. Hubberstone, 

23080, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

25/9/15- 
Edwards, R., b. London, 46231, 

d.. F., 27/11/16. 
Edwards, W. H., b. Femdale. 

5407, Pte., k. in a.. P.. 

7/ii/i8. 
Ellis, J., b. Jarrow-on-Tyne, 

46472. L/Cpl.. k. in a.. P., 

20/9/17. 
Ellis, J., b. Tyldesley. 23903, 

Pte., d.. P.. 8/2/16. 
Ellis, J., b. Camar\on, 26591 1, 

Pte., k. in a., P., 9/5/18. 



328 



APPENDIX VIII 



Emery, \V., b. Sniethwick. 23129, 
Pte., k. in a., F., 2^/7/16. 

England, W., b. Warrington, 
1 364 1, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
English, J., b. Moona, 235130, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/5/17. 
Etherington, H., b. Burnley, 

47026, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
Evans, A., b. Trimsaran, 12878, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Evans, A., b. Knighton, 54274, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Evans, A. D., b. Berriew, 33079, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/12/15. 
Evans, C, b. Penally, 8439, 

Sgt., d. of w., F., 3/1 1 /16. 
Evans, D. H., b. Llanbrynmain, 

203536. Pte., d., F., 15/10/18. 
Evans, D. J., b. Briton Ferry, 

16877. Sgt., k. in a., F., 

18/4/18. 
Evans, E., b. Wrexham, 441 14, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Evans, G., b. Amlwch, 15792, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/10/18. 
Evans, G., b. Swansea, 66928, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Evans, H., b. Warrington, 13285, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 21/2/16. 
Evans, J., b. Brynamman, 13485, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 29/4/18, M.M. 
Evans, J., b. Bistre Buckley, 

16461, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Evans, J., b. Bootle, 235094, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/8/17. 
Evans, J. J., b. Exlyzally, 31376, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/12/15. 
Evans, J. L., b. Barmouth, 37306, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 21/11/16. 
Evans, R., b. Llannig, 23071, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Evans, S. J., b. Charminster, 

16331, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/iS. 
Evans, T., b. Llanelly, 12866, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Evans, T. H., b. Merthyr, 16368, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Evans, T. L. C., b. Brymbo, 

21 170, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/17. 
Evans, T. R.. b. Blaenau Fes- 

tiniog, 20815, L/Cpl., k. in a., 

F., 20/9/17, M.M. 
Evans, W., b. Llanfair. 203557, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 22/10/18. 
Farrar, H., e. Nelson, 201909, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 4/10/18. 
Fellows, W., b. Hednesford, 
12763, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/1 1/16. 
Fenton, C., b. Chirk, 13412, 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Fisher, G. H., b. Llantilio Cros- 

senny, 54204, Pte., d. of w., 

F., 30/5/18. D.C.M. 
FiTTON, J. T., b. Haslingden, 

23964, Pte., k. in a., F., 
16/9/16. 
FiTZGiBnoN, V. H., b. Aber^-st- 



\v>-th, 11078, Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/4/18. 
Flint, H. G., b. Bath, 75889, 

Pte., d., F., 27/1 1/18. 
FoRSHAW, W., b. Southport, 

64591, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
Fosse, G. H., b. Holyhead, 75955. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/11/18. 
Foster, H., b. Prescot, 74606, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Foster, J., b. Walsall Wood, 

13722, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/9/15. 
Fox, P. A., b. Bury, 47034, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 8/6/17. 
Francis, J., b. Llanelly, 15581, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 15/6/17- 
Frederick, J., b. St. Mary's Hill, 

16276, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
French, G. H., b. Leicester, 
1992, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Frisby, W. a., e. Chelmsford, 

55863, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1 1/10/17. 
Gallop, W., e. Bournemouth, 

60156, Pte., k. in a., F., 

1/5/18. 
Gamage, E. a., b. Sviransea, 

204712, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/10/18. 
Gardner, J., b. Rugeley, 13604, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Gibbons, F., b. Worcester, 44374, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Gillett, H., b. London, 21974, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Gilligan, J., b. Liverpool, 

235148, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/5/18. 
Gladwin, W., e. Hereford, 

204367, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Glover, A., b. Liverpool, 57926, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
GoDSELL, F., b. Cheltenham, 

1 1995, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Golding-Hann, G., b. Kerridge, 

54208, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/6/17. 
GoLDSBY, H., b. London, 12854, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 27/7/16, 

M.M. 
Goucn, W., b. Cardiff, 31 no, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/12/15. 
Graham, A., b. Liverpool, 66853, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Graham, W., b. Lennaxton, 

267598, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Grant, M. W., b. Liverpool, 

235083, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
Green, A., b. South Normanton, 

24188, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Green, J., b. Cardiff, 54309, Pte., 

d., F., 3/11/18. 
Griffiths, A., b. Buckley, 11939. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/9/17. 
Griffiths, D., b. Llandyssil, 



12967, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Griffiths, E., b. Tilstock, 

12802, Pte., k. in a., F., 

23/8/16. 
Griffiths, E., b. Northop, 12942, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Griffiths, E. O., b. Llanberis, 

40428, Pte., k. in a., F., 

29/4/18. 
Griffiths, J., b. Pwllheli, 21020, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Griffiths, R., e. Llanelly, 57935, 

Pte., d., F., 24/7/18. 
Griffiths, W., e. Flint, 240650, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Griffiths, W. H., b. Cardiff, 

57916, Pte., d., F., 21/10/18. 
Groves, J., b. Weaverham, 23919, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 
Gunning, J., b. Liverpool, 60204, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 28/10/17. 
Gunter, F. S., b. Rhydyfelyn, 

16325, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Gunter, W., b. Briton Ferry, 

16891, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17- 
Hadley, T., b. Oldbury, 23106, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hagger, C. H., b. Stepney, 57946, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Hall, C, b. Newcastle, 23971, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/2/16. 
Hall, H. E., b. West Bromwich, 

60430, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

29/4/18. 
Hambly, E. G., b. Parkham, 

54314, Pte., d. of w., F., 

20/10/18. 
Hamner, W., b. Salford, 47063, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Hampson, E., b. Ashton-under- 

Lyne, 52562, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/5/18. 
Hampson, S., b. Wigan, 29253, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 18/12/17. 
Hancock, J., b. Yeovil, 37947, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 6/6/18. 
Hanks, A. E. G., b. Portskewett, 

54358, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/9/18. 
Hann, W., e. Abergavenny, 

54210, Pte., d. of w., F., 

7/6/17- 
Hardon, J. E., b. Stalyhridge, 

33018, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/7/16. 
Hardy, C. J., b. Blakewell, 33004, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Hares, H. E., b. Shepton Mallet, 

75094, Pte., d., F., is/io/18. 
Harries, T., b. Llanelly, 13164, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Harris, E., e. Mountain Ash, 

57910, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

24/4/18. 
Harris, T., b. Wolverhampton, 

12823, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/5/17. 
Harris, W. E., e. St. Helens, 

13423, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/7/16. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



329 



Harrison, J., b. Bolton, 14980, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 22/3/18. 
Harrison, J., b. Chester, 75874. 

Cpl., k. in a.. F., 22/3/18. 
Harrop, C. p., b. Wrexham, 

29590, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

27/10/16. 
Harwood, H., b. Darwen, 60278, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 22/6/17. 
Haslam, F., b. Ramsbottom, 

13225, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Hawkins, A. L., b. Great Dod- 

dington, 56350, Pte., k. in a., 

F.. 5/6/17. 
Healey, W., b. Reading, 10633, 

Pte., k. in a., F., zilyliT. 
Hemming, C, b. Panteg, 204382, 

Pte.. d. of \v.. F., 24/3/18. 
Henshaw, T., b. Llanelly, 13179. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hepworth, E., b. Manchester, 

266946, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Herbert, D., b. Rochdale, 57951. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Herridge, G. J., b. London, 

22063, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

16/6/17. 
Hess, G., b. Liverpool, 235117, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
HiER, T.. b. Newport, 6443, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 16/9/16. 
HiGGiNS, J. E., b. India, ^2227, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/12/17. 
Hicham, M. R., b. Longton, 

52459, Pte., d. of w., F., 

19/9/17. 
HiGHTON, H., b. Blackburn, 

43757. Cpl., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
HiGSON, W., b. Pendleton, 52588, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Hill, A., b. Kempsel, 57273, 

Pte., d. of w.. Home, 4/11/18. 
Hill, F., b. Hednesford, 13706, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/7/16. 
Hill, J., b. Manchester, 18491, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Hill, J., b. Stockport, 58429. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 3/10/18. 
Hill, P., b. Bourne, 56302, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 16/6/17. 
Hill, W., b. Leeds, i3459. Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
HiLLiAR, W. G., b. Bermondsey, 

26596, Pte., d. of w., F., 

9/6/17. 
Hilton, A., b. Burslem, 16568, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
HiNDLE, R., b. Blackburn, 57674. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/1 1/18. 
HiNDLEY, H., b. Leigh, 28564, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
HoGAN, C, b. Liverpool, 24064, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
HoLDEN, C, b. Accrington, 67270, 

Pte.", k. in a., F., 8/5/18. 
Hooper, T., b. Camborne, 13325, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/7/16, 

M.M. 
Hopkins, W., b. Liverpool, 52245, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 



Hopper, A. H., b. Llanidloes, 

16570, L/Sgt., d., F., 26/10/18. 
HoPwooD, J., b. Coedpath, Den- 
bigh, \T222, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Horseman, A., b. Bristol, 13376, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/7/16. 
HovGHTON, A., b. Dalmarnock, 

16588, Sgt., d. of w., F., 

3/4/16. 
HowcROFT, W., e. Bradford, 

56103, Pte., d. of w., F., 

5/11/18. 
Howe, F. W., e. Barry, 69214, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Howells, T., b. Plasmarl, 16519, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 20/11/16. 
Howells, T., b. Swansea, 12868, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hughes, D., b. Penycae, 200408, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/10/18, 

M.M. and Clasp. 
Hughes, E. G., b. Tremadoc, 

10253, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

28/10/16. 
Hughes, E. W., b. Broughton, 

15745. Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- , ^ 
Hughes, L, b. Loughor, i9975. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/9/15- 
HuGHES, J. D., b. Llandudno, 

61221. Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/4/18. 
Hughes, J. L., b. Holywell, 

29866, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/8/16. 
Hughes, J. T., b. Llangyfelach, 

16327, L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Hughes, R., b. Llangollen, 158 17. 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 17/11/16. 
Hughes, R.. b. Tycroes. 265927. 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Hughes, T., b. Rynys Valley, 

39137, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/8/16. 
Hughes, T. J., b. Llandilo, 

13198, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Hughes, T. O., b. Flint. 13633. 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Hughes, W., e. Wrexham, 

200706. Pte., d. of w., Home, 

4/12/18. 
Hughes, W. O.. b. Llangollen, 

16824, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Hughes, W. W., b. Blaenau 

Festiniog, 316830, Pte., k. in 

a.. F.. 30/9/18. 
HuLME, R., b. St. Helens, 47055. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 29/3/18. 
Humphreys, T., b. Flint, 76087, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/18. 
Humphries, J., b. Old Hill, 

4621 1, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Huntley, E. R., b. Aberdare, 

16686, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
HuRLEv, T., b. Ebbw Vale, 

54188, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 



Huxley, H., b. Wrexham. 19397, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 12/5/17. 
Ip,all, T., b. Hawarden, 19526, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 24/10/17. 
Lngram, S., b. Workington, 

33080, Pte., d., F., 7/2/16. 
Jenkins, D. J., b. Aberdare, 

12877. Pte., k. in a.. P., 

25/9/15- ^ , 

Jenkins, F., b. Dafen, 12903, 

L/Sgt., d. of w., F., 8/5/18. 
Jenkins, W. E., b. Wrexham, 

24200, Pte., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
John, A., b. Femdale, 5401, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 7/6/17. 
John, G., b. Llanwnda, 54323- 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/11/16. 
John, T. H., b. Llang>felach, 

202670. Pte., k. in a., F., 

18/4/18. 
Johnson, J. E.. b. Dewsbur\', 

20213s, Pte., d. of w., F., 

24/10/18. ^ ^ ^ 

Johnston, T. W., b. Dundee, 

60283, Pte., d. of w., F., 

26/3/18. 
Jones, A., b. Birmingham, 23075, 

Pte., d., F., 25/9/15- 
Jones, B., b. Northop Hall, 26077, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Jones, D.. b. Corwen, 73163. 

Pte., d., F., 28/6/18. 
Jones, D., b. Ystradmeung, 

31421, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/10/16. 
Jones, D. T., b. Llanmochllyn, 

203970, Pte., d. of w., F., 

,5/4/18. 
Jones, E., b. Llanrsvs, 13488, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15- 
JoNES, E., b. Bolton, 19789. Cpl., 

k. in a., F., 7/6/17. 
Jones, E., b. Garthbeibio, 204033, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/11/17- 
JoNES, E. M., b. London, 22574. 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 18/4/18. 
Jones, E. O., b. Clydach. 54320, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a.. F.. 28/10/16. 
Jones, F., b. Pentrevolas, 68486. 

Pte., d., F., 20/8/18. 
Jones, F., b. Manchester, 12838, 

Pte.. d. of w.. F., 25/9/15- 
JoNES, F. G., b. Pontypool, 12822. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15- 
Jones, G. H., b. Birmingham, 

36403. Pte., k. in a., F.. 

3/7/16. 
Jones, H.. b. Lambeth. 23586. 

L/Cpl.. k. in a.. F.. 12/5/17- 
JoNES, H., b. Llanbeulan, 203964. 

Pte., d.. F.. 4 '6/18. 
JoNES, L, b. Wyrley. I37i7- 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 25/7/16. 
Jones, J., b. Llanfair-or-lh\T". 

12902, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

25/9/15- 
JoNES, J., b. Abercynon, 13022, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 25/9/15- 
JoNES, J., b. Cemmaes, 23419. 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 30/5/18. 
Jones, J., b. Wrexham, 24671. 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F.. 10/8/16. 



330 



APPENDIX VIII 



Jones, J., b. Conway, 36136 

Pte., k. in a., F., 12/5/17. 
Jones, J. D., b. Llanrwst, 13097 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, J. G., b. Llanrwst. 37963 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F.. 5/11/16. 
Jones, J. H., b. Bannouth, 16672 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, J. O., b. Merioneth 

204092, Pte., k. in a., F. 

9/S/18. 
Jones, J. O., b. Rhyl, 204315 

Pte., d. of w., F., 30/9/18. 
Jones, J. P., b. Aberdaron 

204003, Pte., k. in a., F. 

18/4/18. 
Jones, J. R., b. Yspytty, 203668 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/9/17. 
Jones, J. W., b. Sellattyn, 15465 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Jones, J. W., e. Shrewsbury 

38107, Pte., d. of w., F. 

3/8/17. 
Jones, L., b. Redwharf Bay 

203606, Pte., k. in a., F. 

23/10/17. 
Jones, O. E., b. Bangor, 33105 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 22/7/16. 
Jones, P., b. Machynlleth, 15055 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 15/6/18. 
Jones, R.. e. Carnarvon, 54620 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 24/12/17 
Jones, R. G., b. Gwersyllt, 13440 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, R. H., b. Fishguard 

575i3> Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/10/18. 
Jones, R. T., e. Ruthin, 54506 

Pte., k.. in a., F., 8/5/18. 
Jones, S., b. Manchester, 56343 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/6/17. 
Jones, T., b. Llanrhaiadr, 13 185 

Pte., d., F.. 28/5/18. 
Jones, T., b. Llanelly, 13367 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 31/7/17 

M.M. and Clasp. 
Jones, T. J., b. Coed Penmaen 

12349, L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

28/5/18. 
Jones, W., b. Llanfyllin, 13664 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Jones, W., b. Criccieth, 15887 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Jones, W., b. Llangefni, 54173 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 7/4/17. 
Jones, W. A., b. Bodedern 

203592, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/3/18. 
Jones, W. A., b. Llanguike 

1 3241, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Jones, W. D., b. Penmaeninawr 

54263, Pte., k. in a., F. 

28/10/16. 
Jones, W. H., b. Glanamman 

13195, L/Cpl., d. of w., F. 

7/4/17- 
Jones, W. T., b. Llanrwst, 44308 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1 8/6/ 1 7. 
Jones, W. W., b. Pontypridd 

16326. Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Jordan, P.. b. St. Helens, 13400, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 15/11/16. 



Julien, R., b. Pontefract, 12997, 

Cpl., d. of w., F., 28/9/15. 
Kay, H., e. Bury, 57949, Pte., d., 

F., 31/5/18. 
Keeling, F., b. Salford, 16712, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/10/16. 
Kelly, J., b. Limerick, 23109, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 17/3/16. 
Kelsall, J. S., b. Wilmslow, 

75904, Pte., d. of \v., F., 

2/5/18. 
King, G. D., b. Oxford, 13523, 

L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 27/9/15. 
King, G. E., e. Cardiff, 605 11, 

Pte., d., F., 30/6/18. 
KiNGDON, A. R., b. Porthcawl, 

75494, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
Kingsbury, R. T., b. London, 

31997, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/11/16. 
KiRBY, J. E., b. London, 5524, 

L/Cpl., d. of w.. F., 28/7/16. 
Knibbs, F., b. Chipping Norton, 

13086, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

28/9/15. 
Knott, C, b. Manchester, 5221 1, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1 7/6/17. 
Labram, F., b. Grendon, 56332, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Langan, J., b. Rochdale, 57685, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Larman, J. R., b. London, 44767, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/18. 
Latham, T., b. Northop, 23399, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 12/5/17. 
Ledsham, L., b. Boughton, 12891, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Lee, W. L., b. Llanelly, 29867, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/10/16. 
Leonard, J., b. Garndiffaith, 

19967, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Lewis, B., b. Landore, 13685, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Lewis, E., b. Cwmavon, 37874, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/10/17. 
Lewis, E., b. Ilfracombe, 18745, 

L/Cpl.. d., F., 29/7/18. 
Lewis, H., b. Llantarnam, 42067, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 23/io/iS. 
Lewis, H. C, b. Llangellech, 

63175, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/10/17. 
Lewis. H. G. W., b. Halifax, 

235133, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
Lewis, J., b. Buckley, 12957, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Lewis, L., b. Femdale, 57955, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Leyland, T., e. Bolton, 52466, 

Pte., d., F., 2/4/18. 
Line, G., b. Bumside, 39182, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 4/11/17. 
Lin foot, T. H., b. Manchester, 

63889, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Linthwaite, a. E., b. Birming- 
ham, 31711, Pte., k. in a., F., 

4/3/16. 
Little, T., b. Hanley Castle, 

46248, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

30/10/16. 



LivESEY, E., b. Oldham, 204753, 

Pte., d., F., 6/1/19. 
Llewellyn, F. A., e. Newport, 

54220, Pte., d. of w., F., 

11/4/18. 
Lloyd, J. T., b. Stafford, 6294, 

A/Sgt., d., Home, 13/S/15. 
Lloyd, T., b. Chester, 12889, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 15/6/17. 
Lloyd, W., b. Wrexham, 12925, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Lloyd, W. J., h. Cardiff, 54329, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 13/11/16. 
Locke, F., b. London, 21561, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/8/17. 
LocKWOOD, A. C, b. Leytonstone, 

221 16, Pte., d., F., 14/4/18, 
Logan, W., b. Bristol, 55745, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Lord, C, b. Shaw, 57919, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Lord, J. A., b. Bolton, 57684, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/18. 
Lyle, W., b. Llanwonno, 6504, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Lynch, T., b. Liverpool, 47104, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/8/17. 
Lynch, W., b. Relton, 13014, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/2/16. 
Major, T. R., b. Kendal, 70480, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Mannely, F., I3. Towyn, 23217, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/9/17. 
Marland, p., e. Hyde, 33001, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Marner, C, b. Greenwich, 13087, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Marquis, F., b. Liverpool, 63178, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 20/7/17. 
Marsh, A., b. Preston, 4251 1, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Martin, E. T., e. Oswestry, 

75576, Pte., d. of w., F., 

28/4/18. 
Martin, L., b. Walsall, 23074, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Mason, T. M., b. West Hartle- 
pool, 24919, Cpl., k. in a., F., 

3/7/16. 
Massey, W., b. Stretford, 46212, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 8/7/16. 
Matthews, G. W., b. Hanley, 

23534. Cpl., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
May, M., b. Streamstown, 46866, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17- 
McCarthy, J., b. Pontypridd, 

20877, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/17. 
McDade, C, b. Falkirk, 10420, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 15/9/18. 
Meadon, E., b. Newcastle-under- 

Lyme, 19956, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/9/15. 
Middlebrook, S. a., b. London, 

24631, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. 
Millington, J., b. Northop, 

133151 Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Mills, A., b. Chichester, 21649, 

Sgt., d. of w., F., 20/3/19. 
Mills, J., b. Rochdale, 55123, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 20/9/17. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



331 



Mills, \V., b. Hailing, 15933 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Mitchell, F., b. Morriston 

14355. Pte., k. in a.. F. 

18/4/18. 
MoLYNEVX, J., b. Salford, 203991 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 20/10/18. 
Moon, S. A., b. Morden, 56169 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 2/5/18. 
MooRCROFT, H., b. Kirkdale 

23073, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Moore, F., b. Norton Canes, 7048 

Sgt.. k. in a., F., 24/7/16. 
MoRAN, M., b. Oldham. 74990 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
MoRG.w, D., b. Abergavenny 

57947, Pte., d., F., 22/6/18. 
Morgan, G. L., b. Gorseinon 

75544, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
Morgans, W., b. Carmarthen 

13359. Cpl., k. in a., F. 

29/4/18. 
Morris, A., b. Liverpool, 52990 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/5/18. 
Morris, D., b. EglwTsbach 

203719, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
Morris, H., b. Clynderwen 

39645, Pte., d.. F., 5/4/17- 
Morris, J., b. Whitworth, 52086 

Pte., d., F., 19/2/17. 
Morris, J., b. Swansea, 15004 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Morris, J. J., e. Carmarthen 

268205, Pte., d. of w., F. 

29/4/18. 
Morris. P., b. Oswestry, 16708 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/15. 
Morris, W., b. Llanselin, 23091 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
MoRT, H., b. Manchester, 70486 

Pte., d. of w., F., 7/5/18. 
MoTTRAM, J., b. Dukinfield 

39291, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/7/16. 
MuLROV, T., b. Golden Hill 

46481, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/4/18. 
MuNRO, Ian, b. London, 60288 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
MtRPHY, C, b. Tipperary, 12528 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 1 7/8/18. 
Murphy, T., b. Weston, 17331 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Murray, J. A., b. Newcastle-on- 

Tvne, 46230, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/3/18. 
Newby, J. A., b. Cyston, 69447 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/5/18. 
Norman, R., b. Totley, 60282 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
NoRMANTON, J., c. Wrcxham 

54282, Pte., d., F., 1/9/18. 
O'Brien, P., e. CoIwth Bay 

57929, Cpl., d. of w., F. 

12/4/18. 
O'Brien, T., b. Kilmurrybricam 

13264, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/11/15- 
O'Neill, J., b. Liverpool, 242254 

Pte., d., F., 20/10/18. 



O'Xf.ill, ^L, e. CardilT, 54340 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Oslf.r, B., b. Mostyn, 13296 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/5/17- 
Owen, J. G.. b. Llangean 

-03337, Pte., d., F., 20/10/18 
Owen, J. H., b. Welshpool 

204310, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
Owen, J. R.. b. Bangor, 13035 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 
Owen, R., e. Dolgelly, 268071 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/11/18. 
Owen, S., b. West Derby, 33028 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 7/6/17. 
Owen, T., b. Newborough, 33098 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 1/5/18. 
Owen, W. S., b. Llanerchymedd 

70183, Pte., d. of w., F. 

9/S/18. 
Paling, A., b. Manchester, 12988 

Sgt., d., F., 7/2/16. 
Palmer, H., b. Birmingham 

6789, Sgt., k. in a., F., 3/7/16 
Papa, A., b. Hackney, 45006 

L/Sgt., k. in a.. F., 14/6/18. 
Parker, G., b. Liverpool, 13350 

L/Sgt.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
P.\RKER, L., b. Helperby, 47147 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Parry, E., b. Llanelly, 131 78 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Parry, H. M., e. Talvsarn, 54578 

Pte., d., F., 7/8/18. 
Parry, J., b. Northop, 13309 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Parry, J., b. Gaerwen, 29181 

Pte., d. of w., F., 8/6/17. 
Parry, J., b. Wrexham, 5655 

Pte.. d. of w., F., 4/12/15. 
Parry, R. M., b. Birkenhead 

68458, Pte., k. in a., F. 

29/4/18. 
Parry, W.. b. Port Madoc 

202762. Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
Parry, W. H., b. Mostyn, 75503 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Partington, W., b. Bolton 

52598, Pte., k. in a., F. 

12/5/17. 
Pash, a., b. London, 28080 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Pate, W., b. Burnley, 67186 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Payne, C, b. Stourport, 13085 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Pearce, a. L.. b. Camberwell 

45048, Pte., d., F., 16/1 1/18 
Pearson, S., b. London, 13274 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Penlington, C. B., b. Wrexham 

37978, Pte., k. in a., F. 

2/1 1/16. 
Pennyfather, H. E.. b. Wal- 

thamstow, 27353, Pte., d., F. 

24/3/18. 
Perry, J., b. Corely, 12759, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Pettie, J. E., b. Giggleswick 

47145, Pte., k. in a., F. 

22/3/18. 
Phillips, F., b. Uxbridge, 52771 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/5/18. 



Phillips, J. J., b. Oswestry. 

200900, Sgt., k. in a., F.. 

23/10/18. 
PiCTON, S., b. Pembroke Dock. 

2355 1 1, Pte., k. in a., F.. 

18/4/18. 
Piercy, G., b. Soughton, 15397, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Pike, A. E., b. St. Pancras, 

60281, Pte., k. in a.. P., 

23/10/17. 
Pinfold, A. G. V., b. Cleck- 

heaton, 57924, Pte., k. in a.. 

F., 29/4/18. 
Platt, T., b. Wrexham, 23111, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 30/9/18. 
Powell, E., b. Loughor, 16676, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 23/11/15. 
Powell, E., e. Abergavenny, 

54228, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 



Crewe, 39240, 
F., 3/S/I7: 
e. Llandrindod 
Pte., d. of w.. 

West Bromwich, 
k. in a., F.. 

Dowlais, 23070, 
F., 30/9/15. 
e. Llanbister. 
k. in a., F.. 



Treharris, 
in a., F.. 

.'\bergavenny. 
of w., F., 



Powell, F., b. 

Pte., k. in a., 
Powell, J. A., 

Wells. 55626, 

F., 7/11/18. 
PoxoN, E., b. 

8069, Pte., 

23/7/16. 
Price, D., b. 

Pte., d. of w.. 
Price, J. A., 

235762, Pte., 

18/4/18. 
Price, M., b. Llanddewj*. 16349. 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Price, S., b. Pontypool, 23084, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/9/15. 
Pritchard, D. W., 

16332. Pte., k. 

7/7/16. 
Prosser, T., e. 

54230, Pte., d. 

12/5/17. 
PucKETT, A., b. Pritchfield, 54344. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/16. 
PuGH, E. J., b. Mold, 42448, Pte., 

d., F., 2/3/18. 
PuGH, T., b. Newtown. 19271. 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 1/10/17. 
PuLLEN, G., e. Wrexham, 200708, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/6/17. 

D.C.M. 
PuRCELL, T., b. Bermuda, 46264. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 20/9/17. 
PuRDY, F. D., b. Lambeth, 21727, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 29/4/18. 
Pye, E., b. Mellor, 47146, Pte., 

k. in a., F.. 22/3/18. 
Radford, H., b. Longdon. 13708, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Redmore, F. J., e. Newport, 

73194, Pte., d., F.. 30/10/18. 
Reed, W. J., b. Sunderland, 7221, 

C.S.M., k. in a., F., 25/9/15- 
Reeks, J., b. Tiverton. 13319. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Rees, B. G., e. Neath, 73200, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 22/3/18. 
Rees, E.. b. BwlchewTm. "3644. 

Pte.. k. in a.. F.. 4/1/18. 
Rees, L. T.. b. Loughor. 19976. 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 7/7/16. 
Rees, R. D., b. Neath. 2O043- 



332 



APPENDIX VIII 



Pte., d. of w., F., 15/11/18, 
D.C.M. 
Rees, T., b. Burry Port, 13157. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Reeve, W. G., b. Woolwich, 
291663, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/3/18. 
Reeves, J., b. Bettisfield, 12935, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 

Reid, W., b. Marylebone, 235124, 

Pte., d. of w., Home, 21/10/17. 

Rennie, J., b. Calliestown, 

235 1 14, Pte., d. of w., F., 

22/9/17. 

Richards, I. E., b. Briton Ferry, 

70588, Pte., d., F., 4/11/18. 
Riley, M., b. Blackburn, 70495, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
Ritchie, H., e. Glasgow, 75696, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Roberts, A., b. West Bromwnch, 
23907, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
Roberts, E., b. Bethel, 40354, 

Pte., d., F., 3/11/18. 
Roberts, E., b. Broughton, 39627, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 30/9/18. 
Roberts, E. G., b. Flint, 5396, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 31/1/18. 
Roberts, G., b. Rhyl, 202465, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1 5/6/ 1 8. 
Roberts, J., b. Blaenau Festiniog, 
13670, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
Roberts, J., b. Aberfifraw, 39050, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 21/9/17. 
Roberts, J., e. Cardiff, 73203, 

Pte., d., F., 31/5/18. 
Roberts, J., b. Rhos, 69287, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 3/S/18. 
Roberts, J. A., b. Weston Rhyn, 
23088, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15- 
Roberts, J. D., b. Wrexham, 
36784. L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
31/3/16. 
Roberts, J. H., b. Llangefni, 
1 1683, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
Roberts, J. H., b. Liverpool, 
235141. Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/9/17. 
Roberts, J. L., b. Llandrillo-yn- 
Rhos, 29387, Pte., d. of w., F., 
12/4/18. 
Roberts, J. O., b. Rhosybol, 
12609, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15- 
Roberts, R., b. Llansantfraid, 
13033. Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
Roberts, T., b. Port Donorwic, 

54967, Pte.. d., F., 27/10/18. 
Roberts, T. J., b. Blaenau Fes- 
tiniog, 43688, Pte., k. in a., F., 
14/6/18. 
Roberts, W., b. Hawarden, 
16019, Pte., k. in a., F., 
2/10/15. 
Roberts, W., b. Flint, 31871, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/7/16. 
Roberts, W., e. Wrexham, 
201885. Pte., d. of w., F., 
19/4/18. 



Roberts, W. H., e. St. Helens, 

20947, Pte., k. in a., F., 

31/7/17. 
Roberts, W. J., b. Bagillt, 13640, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 5/9/15. 
Roberts, W. L., b. Hawarden, 

12944, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
Robinson, E. G., b. Maccles- 
field, 57906, Pte., d., F„ 

22/9/18. 
Roddy, T., e. Hednesford, 31990, 

Pte., d.. F., 8/7/18. 
RoDEN, W. C., b. Hereford, 

696^6, Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
RoDGERS, F., b. Northwinfield, 

10060, Pte., d., F., 22/8/17. 
Rogers, A., b. Manchester, 70497, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/ 18. 
Rosenberg, S., b. Birmingham, 

47156, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/5/18. 
Ross, M., b. London, 27683, Sgt., 

k. in a., F., 16/8/18. 
Rowe, E. J., b. Newton, 73196, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
RowE, J. O., b. Neath, 9705, 

Cpl., d., F., 21/8/16. 
Rowlands, D. J., b. Ystrad, 

T?,202, Pte., ic. in a., F., 

4/1/18. 
RuNDLE, W., b. Holborn, 22505, 

Pte., d. of w., F., i/s/18. 
Ryder, A., b. Sandbach, 33489, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/7/16. 
Ryell, R., b. London, 46272, 

Cpl.. d.. F., 24/5/18. 
Savage, F., b. West Bromwich, 
12954, Pte., k, in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Savage, M. G., b. Bebhnal Green, 

26655, Pte., d. of w., F., 

1/10/18. 
Scott, C. W., b. Manchester, 

242858, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/9/18. 
Seed, R., b. Church, 58323, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 23/io/iS. 
Seefus, J. F., b. Liverpool, 

244/3, Pte., d. of w-.. Home, 

21/1/16. 
Sharp, C. A., b. South Warn- 

borough, zzjiO'i, Pte., d., F., 

17/10/18. 
Sharples, J., b. Clitheroe, 47168, 

Pte., k. in a., F., j,\hl'il- 
Shepherd, A., b. Notting Hill, 

2(>(i22. Pte., k. in a., F., 

21/10/1S. 
Sherratt, G. H., b. Chell, 56 11 4, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 28/5/18. 
Shillam, J., b. Winchcombe, 

15946, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Shimmin, R. C, b. Foxdale, 

235096, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/9/17. 
Silverman, D., b. Manchester, 

73651, Pte., k. in a., F., 

28/1/18. 
SiMCOX, J., b. West Bromwich, 

23161, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 



SiMMS, A., b. Blythe Bridge, 
24541, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15- 
Slate, a. T., b. Bethnal Green, 
34707, Pte., k. in a., F., 
30/9/18. 
Slater, A., b. Blackburn, 57905, 

Pte., d., F., 2/11/18. 
Sleigh, F., b. Manchester, 661 17, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/9/17. 
Slinger, E., b. Leeds, 202190, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 5/6/18. 
Smethurst, W. p., b. Blackburn, 
19368, Pte., k. in a., F., 
8/6/17. 
Smith, E., b. Newport, 73207, 

Pte.. d., F., 21/7/18. 
Smith, E. W., b. Colne, 56471, 

Pte., d., F., 30/10/18. 
Smith, J., e. Kinmel Park, 45268, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/4/18. 
Smith, J., b. Belfast, 16380, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 24/7/17. 
Smith, T., b. Coventry, 6379, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 11/8/16. 
Smith, T., b. Kippax, 46253. Pte., 

k. in a., F., 3/10/17. 
Smith, W., b. Atherstone, 11 821, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 31/7/17. 
Spencer, G. H., b. Llantrissant, 
16661, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15- 
Spiller, a., b. Penarth, 12497, 
L/Cpl.. d. of w., F., 28/10/16. 
Spilsbury, S. p.. b. Bowden, 
23118, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
7/7/16. 
Stephens, W. J., b. Wemfarm, 
13032, Pte., k. in a., F., 
25/9/15. 
Stevens, S., b. West Bromwich, 
311 12, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
Stevens, W. T., b. Llantwit, 
16749, L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 
18/4/18. 
Stevenson, R. A., b. Salford, 
31147, Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/10/18. 
Stockton, T., b. Liverpool, 57712, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/18. 
Stonehridge, W., e. Brecon, 
55657, Pte., k. in a., F„ 
8/5/18. 
Stopher, G. a., b. Tidal Basin, 
46266, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/3/18. 
Sugars, A., b. Kentish Town, 
26576, Pte., k. in a., F., 
27/3/18. 
Sullivan, E. A. S., b. Highbury, 
21973. Pte., k. in a., F., 
23/10/18. 
Sutleff, H., b. Denver, 56355, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/6/17. 
SwAiNSON, J., b. Liverpool, 
36558, Pte., k. in a., F., 

7/6/17- 
SwANN, N., b. Dukmfield, 267109, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 6/11/18. 
Sweet, C, e. Atherstone, 69126, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 5/5/18. 
Tack, H., b. Aylesburj-. 13293, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 10/8/16. 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



333 



Tatum, G., b. Mold, 12959, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Taylor, H., b. Warrington, 

75096, Pte., d., F., 28/4/18. 
Taylor, J., b. St. Helens, 12094, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 7/7/16. 
Taylor, J., b. Dowlais, 18956, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 7/6/17. 
Taylor, W. C, b. Kensworth, 
56366, Pte., d. of w., F., 
20/9/17. 
Terry, A., b. Birmingham, 46281, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/9/16. 
Thomas, A., b. Tonypandy, 5590, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 1/8/16. 
Thomas, D. J., b. Blaenporth, 
12968, Pte., d. of \v., F., 
10/8/16. 
Thomas, G. B., b. Burry Port, 
75091, Pte., d.. Home, 
29/10/18. 
Thomas, H., b. Llamsamlet, 
37952, Cpl., k. in a., F., 
30/10/16. 
Thomas, J., b. Holywell, 6201, 

L/Sgt., k. in a.. F., 25/9/15. 
Thomas, J., b. Llanrwst, 16791, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 25/9/15. 
Thomas, T., b. Moss, 23869, 

Pte., d., F., 8/9/18. 
Thomas, J., b. Cefn Cribbwr, 
70071. Pte., k. in a., F., 
18/4/18. 
Thomas, L. J., b. Llangennech, 
57964, Pte., d. of w., F., 
1/5/18. 
Thomas, R. E., b. Neath, 
61313, Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/9/17. 
Thomas, R. O., b. Llanfachreth, 
20915, L/Cpl., d., F., 29/8/18. 
Thomas, W., b. Cilybebyll, 
29525, Sgt., k. in a., F., 
16/9/18. 
Tho.mas, W. M., b. Llanglydwen, 
73210, Pte., d. of w., F., 
26/3/18. 
Thompso.v, J., b. Manchester, 
70505, Pte., d. of w., F., 
18/4/18. 
Thompson, W., b. Rhostyllyn, 
12635, Pte., d. of w., F., 
1/10/15. 
Thorne, a. J., b. Cardiff, 267949, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 30/5/18. 
Thornton, G. H., b. Nelson, 
67044, Pte., k. in a., F., 
20/10/18. 
Thornton, J., b. Newcastle, 
23942, Pte., k. in a., F., 
3/7/16. 
TiBBS, W., b. Ynistawe, 56747, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 7/11/18. 
Tierney, J., b. Liverpool, 73661, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 31/5/18. 
ToMKiNS, J., b. Worcester, 
1277s, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15. 
ToMLiNSON, E., b. Cannock 

145 1 7, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/7/16. 
ToMLiNSON. J. H., b. Manchester 

63047, Pte., k. in a., F. 

7/6/17. 



TooTELL, W. E., b. Chorley, 
7^656. Pte., d. of w., F., 
8/1/18. 
Tooth, J., b. Mansfield, 23607, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/10/18. 
TozER, J., b. Holywell, 12732, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Tucker, W.. b. Bankyfelin, 13208, 

A/Cpl., k. in a., F., 11/11/16. 
Turner, A., b. Brighton, 68797, 

Cpl., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Turner, F. G., b. Cambridge, 

56335. Pte., k. in a., F., 

14/6/18. 
Turner, G.. b. Liverpool, 315750, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 7/11/18. 
Turner, J., b. Sydney Bridge, 

12708, Pte., k. in a., F., 

12/5/17. 
Turner, J., b. Southport, 64573, 

Pte.. d., F., 22/10/18. 
Unsworth, G., b. Liverpool, 

73668, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/9/18. 
Valentine, T., e. Northampton, 

60413, Pte., d. of w., F., 

15/6/17- 
Varley, R., b. Stockport, 31 5162, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 21/10/18. 
Varndell, C. C. T., e. Clapham, 

70586, Pte., d. of w., F., 

16/7/18. 
Vasey, T., b. Bolton, 231 16, Pte., 

d. of w., F., 19/10/15. 
Vater, a., b. Aberdare, 19782, 

L/Cpl., k. in a., F., 29/9/17- 
Vaughan, R., b. Llanrhaiadr, 

5744, Pte., k. in a., F., 

25/9/15- 
Venner, H. M., b. Rhondda, 

16395, Pte., k. in a., F., 

2/7/16. 
Vickery, G. v., b. Tidenham, 

54247, Pte., d. of w., F., 

29/4/18. 
VowLES, H., b. West Bromwich, 

5268, Pte., k. in a.. F., 3/7/16. 
Wain man, H., b. Birmingham, 

70583, Pte., d. of w., F., 

13/S/18. 
Walker, F., b. Chester, 12590, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Walker, R., b. Rochdale, 33044. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 22/3/18. 
Wall, A. T., b. Cardiff, 24429. 

Pte., d. of w.. F., 7/1 1 />8- 
Ward, a., b. Birmingham, 11672, 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 3/7/16- 
Ward, W., b. Liverpool, 13276, 

L/Cpl., k. in a.. F., 31/7/17- 
Wasley, W., b. Wigan, 24062, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 1 2/6/18. 
Watkins, J., b. Talgarth, 15944. 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/3/16. 
Watkins, J. H., e. Brecon. 88870, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 26/11 /18. 
Watts, E., b. Cardiff, 69501, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 18/4/18. 
, Weaver, F., b. Warwick, 23094, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15- 
Weeks, F., b. Rhondda, 15703. 

L/Sgt., d. of w., F., 20/10/18, 

M.M. 
Wells, J. R., b. Birmingham, 



6604, Sgt., d. of w., F., 
29/9/15. 
Wescombe, F., e. Pontypridd. 
70593, Sgt., k. in a.,. F., 
18/4/18. 
West, C, b. Llansamlet, 15939, 

Cpl, k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
White, H. A., b. Upton, 202425, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/8/18. 
Whitham, C. S. W., b. Manches- 
ter, 63891, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/7/17. 
Whitham, V. L., b. Holt. 75100, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 19/9/18. 
Whitley, J., b. Mostyn, 13302, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 11/11/16. 
Whittaker, W., e. Oldham, 
60239, Pte., k. in a., F., 
22/3/18. 
WiDDUP, W. L, b. Liverpool, 
70512, Pte., d. of w., F., 
30/6/18. 
WiGGiN, F. T., b. Llandaff, 
73221, Pte., k. in a., F., 
8/1/18. 
WiLKiNS, T., b. Llanelly, 13 136, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Williams, A., b. Kinnerley, 
31901, Pte., k. in a., F., 
12/1/17. 
Williams, A., b. Rhostyllen, 
44309, Pte., k. in a., F., 
23/3/18- ^ ^ ,, 
Williams, A., b. Llannig, 13021, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 27/9/15. 
Williams, B., b. Newland, 33331. 

Pte., d., F., 14/10/18. 
Williams, C, b. Twj-nyrodyn, 
73220, Pte., k. in a., F., 
7/11/18. 
Williams, D., b. Pent Blech, 
44244, Pte., k. in a., F., 
18/4/18. , , 

Williams, D., b. Manchester, 
57157, Pte., k. in a., F.. 
14/6/18. 
Williams, D., b. Merthyr, 70080, 

Pte.. d., F., 16/9/18. 
Williams, D. J., b. Burry Port, 
13385. Pte-, k- in a., F., 

Williams, E., b. Hanley, 36054, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/7/16. 
Williams, E. B.. b. Mold, 77302, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 25/10/18. 
Williams, G.. b. Llanelly. 11966, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 3/7/16- 
Williams, G., b. DeganwT, 

15198, Cpl., k. in a., F.. 

5/10/17- 
Williams, G., b. AbertiUep'. 

54250, L/Cpl., d. of w., F.. 

20/9/17- 
WiLLiAMS, H., b. Vroncysylltc, 

24633. Pte-. k. in a., F.. 

3/7/16- 
Williams, H., b. Pembroke, 

13570. Sgt., k. in a.. F., 

3/7/'6- , ,, , . 

Williams, H., b. Llangefni, 

20302, Pte., k. in a., I".. 

Williams, H. E., b. Llandudno, 



334 



APPENDIX VIII 



49983, Pte., k. in a., F., 

22/3/18. , , ,. , 

Williams, J., b. Liverpool 

13237. Pte., k. in a., F. 

2/6/18. 

Williams, J., b. Abertillery 

47336. Pte., d. of w., F. 

Williams, J., b. Llanfihangel 

74846, Pte., d. of w., Home 

23/5/18. 
Williams, J. E., e. Merthyr 

57912, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
Williams, J. O., b. Liverpool 

13104. Cpl., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15- 
Williams, J. R., b. Llandudno 

13282, Sgt., k. in a., F. 

25/10/16. 
Williams, M.. b. Bedhnog 

15948, Pte., d. of w., Home 

3/10/15. _ , 

Williams, R. E., b. Conway 

12734, Pte., k. in a., F. 

25/9/15. 
Williams, S., b. Llanelly, 13163 

Cpl., d. of w.. Home, 20/10/15 
Williams, T., b. Pontypridd 

13727. Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/7/16. 
Williams, T., b. Mountain Ash 

75543, Pte., k. in a., F. 

18/4/18. 
Williams, T. A., b. Merthyr 

38737, Pte., d. of w., F, 

23/4/18. 
Williams, T. E., b. Wrexham 

23115, Pte., k. in a., F. 

3/7/16. 
Williams, W. J., e. Mountain 

Ash, 73218, Pte., k. in a., F. 

8/5/18. 
Willmott, W., b. London, 13569 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/11/16. 
Wood, J., b. Crewe, 15940. Pte. 

k. in a., F., 25/9/15. 
Woodward, W., b. Stockport 

316789, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/18. 
WoRSNOP, C, b. Preston, 242935 

Pte., k. in a., F., 14/6/18. 
Wright, D. R., b. Cefn, 36388 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/4/18. 
Yates, A., b. Manchester, 4948 

Pte., k. in a., F., 1/9/16. 
Yates, A., b. Blackburn, 47213 

Pte., k. in a., F., 11/10/17- 



loth BATTALION 

Abel, W., b. Birmingham, 13243. 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 13/11/16. 
Abercromby, F., e. Wrexham, 

57032, L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 

8/4/17. 
Ackers, P., b. Altcar, 51438. 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Alderman, T., b. Kingston, 

38813, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Allen, F., b. Ellesmere, 54697. 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 



Allott, J., e. Stockport, 54898 

Pte., d., F., 25/1/17. 
Andrews, W., b. Chadsley 

16917, Pte., k. in a., F. 

13/11/16. 
Anthony, L, b. Ammanford 

12897, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/8/16. 
Alsop, T., b. Preston, 15358 

Pte., d. of w., F., 9/4/16. 
Ardern, J., b. Stockport, 54696 

Pte., k. in a., F., 17/6/17. 
Arter, R. H. T., b. Deptford 

60224, Pte., k. in a., F. 

14/6/17. 
Arthey, F., b. Ardleigh, 56044 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 11/4/17- 
Arthurs, S. J., b. London 

15509, Pte., k. in a., F. 

20/7/16. . 

AsBURY, R. J., b. Birmingham 

60355, Pte., k. in a., F. 

4/8/17. 
AsHBY, G., b. Tysoe, 27782 

L/CpL, k. in a., F., 16/8/16. 
Ashes, V., b. Pendleton, 55553 

Pte., k. in a., F., 8/4/17- 
Atherton, E., b. Towyn, 32515 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/8/16. 
Atkinson, G., b. Pennington 

39533, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17- . , 

Bagshall, W., b. Anerley, 22231 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 
Bailey, E.. b. Sheffield, 60477 

Pte., k. in a., F., 28/9/17- 
Bailey, F., b. Mow Cop, 60196 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/6/17. 
Bailey, S., b. Briton Ferry 

15825, Pte., k. in a., F. 

13/11/16. ^ 

Ball, J., e. Burslem, 28589, Pte. 

k. in a., F., 26/9/17- 
Ballard, J. R., b. Liverpool 

15175, Pte., k. in a., F. 

16/8/16, M.M. 
Barlow, H., b. Whitchurch 

54705. Pte., k. in a., F. 

"13/11/16. 
Barlow, J., b. Wishaw, 38158 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/8/16. 
Barlow, W., b. Manchester 

62875, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17- 
Barnett, F., b. Burslem, 23458 

Pte., k. in a., F., 3/1/16. 
Barrett, T., b. Bristol, 70165 

Pte., d., F., 24/10/17- 
Barry, G., b. London, S74i4, Pte. 

d., Home, 23/10/17. 
Barton, T., b. Llanasa, 14914 

L/Sgt., k. in a., F., 16/8/16 
Bassett, a., b. Ystradfodwg 

15201, Pte., k. in a., F. 

17/2/16. 
Baxter, C. W., b. Wrexham 

61260, Pte., k. in a., F. 

26/9/17. 
Beddow, E., b. Upton Magna 

54709, Pte., k. in a., F. 

13/11/16. 
Behrens, C. J., b. Bolton, 52217 

Pte., k. in a., F., 29/4/17. 



Bellis, S., b. Oakenholt. 1S360, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/8/16. 
Benjamin, T., b. Llantwit, 

15028, Pte., k. in a., F., 

27/4/17. 
Bennett, W., b. Old Ford, 56005, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/4/17. 
Berry, A., b. Altrincham, 54703, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 
Bevan, a. G. H., b. Little Dean, 

54999, Pte., k. in a., F., 

30/4/17. 
Bevan, D. C, b. Newtown, 54698, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 
Bevan, H., b. Bagillt, 15715. Pte., 

k. in a., F., 2/3/16. 
Beynon, E., b. Gower, 60298, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 18/6/17- 
Birchall, G. W., b. St. Luke's, 

24779, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Blunt, C. F., e. Birmingham, 

36480, Pte., k. in a., F., 

11/4/17. 
Bodycombe, E. L., h. Neath 

Abbey. 54704, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 13/11/16. 
Bolderston, J., e. Wrexham, 

57021, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/1 1/16. 
BoLGER, J., e. Bury, 202855, Pte., 

k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Bone, S., b. Blackpool, 36940,. 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 16/8/16. 
Booth, J., b. Stalybridge, 63520, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 27/9/17. 
BowKER, H., b. Sharrow. 12192, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Bradshaw, J., b. Westhead, 

266867, Pte., d. of w., F., 

16/6/17- 
Bradshaw, J., e. Market Dray- 
ton, 54902, Pte., k. in a., F., 

8/4/17- 
Brady, T., b. London, 10636, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 2/3/16. 
Branch, W., b. Bideford, 18351, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 16/8/16. 
Breakwell, H., b. Wolverhamp- 
ton, 60434, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17- 
Brewer, J., b. Chatham Green, 

56041, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/6/17- 
Bridges, T., b. Leithrim. 6323, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 1 8/5/ 1 6. 
Bridle, W. J-, b. Moreton, 15413. 

Sgt., k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 
Brindley, T. F., b. Fenton, 

3 18 1 6, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Brookes, T., b. Manchester, 

54700, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/11/16. 
Brooks, A., b. Bermondsey, 

35185, Pte., k. in a., F., 

19/8/16. 
Broughton, H., b. Wednesbury, 

12736, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Brown, E. J., b. Walford, 54903, 

L/Cpl.. k. in a., F., 11/4/17- 
Brown, F., b. Burton-on-Trent, 



ROLL OF HONOUR 



335 



24272. Sgt., k. in a., F., 

27/9/17- 
Brown, J., b. Thurmaston, 60431, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
Brown, R. J., b. Cadoxton, 60516, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 27/9/17. 
Brown, W.. b. Cardiff, 235730, 

Pte., k. in a.. F., 26/9/17. 
Bryant, F. A., b. London, 27234, 

Pte., d. of w., F.. 25/1 1/15. 
BuLLEN, C. W.. b. St. Luke's, 

34820, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Bullock, C. b. Wednesbury, 

8263, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
BuNNETT, T. J., b. Hope, 15087, 

Pte., k. in a.. F.. 16/1/16. 
BvRGESS, H., b. Denton. 15342, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Burgess, J., b. Kippax, 17772, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Butlerton, H., b. Broughton, 

33219, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Butterfield, J., e. Ulverston, 

55040. Pte.. d. of w., F., 

12/4/17. 
Buttle, W., b. Norwich. 56010, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 16/6/17. 
Bwye, F. H., b. Penarth, 12365, 

Pte., k. in a., F.. 17/6/17. 
Campbell. J., b. Chester, 16238, 

Pte.. k. in a., F.. 17/2/16. 
Campion, R. H., b. Burton-on- 

Trent. 23310, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Capey, E., b. Burslem, 18300, 

Pte.. k. in a., F., 19/10/14. 
Carberry, T., b. Liverpool, 

33673, Pte., k. in a., F., 

13/1 1/16. 
Carroll, J., b. Penrhj'ndeudraeth, 

15383, Pte., k. in a., F., 

20/7/16. 
Cartwright, J., b. Wigan, 24407, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 20/7/16. 
Catherall, E., b. Bistre. 15787, 

L/Sgt., k. in a.. F., 17/2/16. 
Catling, G. C. b. Manchester. 

55555. Pte., k. in a., F., 

ii/4/'7- 
Chamberlain, H.. b. Grantham, 

60428, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Chambers, W., b. Soughton, 

15400, Cpl., d. of w., F., 

27/6/17. 
Channon, S. G., b. Ottery St. 

Mary, 60358, Pte., k. in a., 

F., 16/6/17. 
Chaplin, T. G., b. Willesbor- 

ough, 60354, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/6/17. 
Chapman, A., b. Bollington, 

60308. Pte.. d. of w., F., 
15/6/17. 
Chesters, G. L., b. Salford, 

11054, L/Cpl., d. of w., F., 

14/8/17. 
Chew, C. A., b. Ruabon. 201368, 

Pte., d. of w., F., 14/5/17. 
Chorlton, E., e. VVelshpool, 

54394, Pte., d., F., 18/5/17. 



Clark, J., b. Plattbridge, Lanes, 

15522, A/C.S.M., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Clarke, T., b. Bur>', 60299, Pte., 

k. in a., F.. 18/6/17. 
Clayton, J., b. Westleigh, 19968, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 19/8/16. 
Clayton, W. H., b. Brymbo, 

15801, Pte., d. of w., F., 

8/8/16. 
Clewes, W., b. Manchester, 

38835, Pte., k. in a., F., 

16/8/16. 
Clutton, J., b. Wrexham, 57076, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 13/11/16. 
Cockayne, A. H., b. Liverpool, 

66209, Pte., k. in a., F., 

26/9/17. 
Colbert, B., b. Shoreditch, 34584, 

Pte., k. in a., F., 26/9/17. 
CoLCLOuGH, J.,